keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Death dying

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335406/factors-that-negatively-affect-the-prognosis-of-pediatric-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-district-hospital-in-tanzania
#1
Serena Caggiano, Nicola Ullmann, Elisa De Vitis, Marzia Trivelli, Chiara Mariani, Maria Podagrosi, Fabiana Ursitti, Chiara Bertolaso, Carolina Putotto, Marta Unolt, Andrea Pietravalle, Paola Pansa, Kajoro Mphayokulela, Maria Incoronata Lemmo, Michael Mkwambe, Joseph Kazaura, Marzia Duse, Francesco Nieddu, Chiara Azzari, Renato Cutrera
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is still the most important cause of death in countries with scarce resources. All children (33 months ± 35 DS) discharged from the Pediatric Unit of Itigi Hospital, Tanzania, with a diagnosis of CAP from August 2014 to April 2015 were enrolled. Clinical data were gathered. Dried blood spot (DBS) samples for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for bacterial detection were collected in all 100 children included. Twenty-four percent of patients were identified with severe CAP and 11% died...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334597/intramyocardial-bronchogenic-cyst-histological-appearance-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Naoki Nishida, Yukiko Hata, Kazuhiro Nomoto
We report histological appearance of a bronchogenic cyst that was incidentally found in a 78-year-old man who died from drowning related to a traumatic accident. The cyst was found in the posterior edge of the interventricular septum and was monolocular with a 5-mm diameter. The cystic wall was not associated with cartilage or the smooth muscle layer, and was lined by ciliated respiratory epithelium. Immunohistochemistry showed that many of these epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin 7 and thyroid transcription factor-1...
March 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333988/years-of-life-lost-due-to-infectious-diseases-in-poland
#3
Marek Bryla, Elzbieta Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Pawel Bryla, Malgorzata Pikala, Irena Maniecka-Bryla
PURPOSE: An evaluation of mortality due to infectious diseases in Poland in 1999-2012 and an analysis of standard expected years of life lost due to the above diseases. METHODS: The study material included a database created on the basis of 5,219,205 death certificates of Polish inhabitants, gathered between 1999 and 2012 and provided by the Central Statistical Office. Crude Death Rates (CDR), Standardized Death Rates (SDR) and Standard Expected Years of Life Lost (SEYLL) due to infectious and parasitic diseases were also evaluated in the study period as well as Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person (SEYLLp) and Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per dead person (SEYLLd)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333833/leadership-and-a-casualty-response-system-for-eliminating-preventable-death
#4
Russ S Kotwal, Harold R Montgomery, Ethan A Miles, Curtis C Conklin, Michael T Hall, Stanley A McChrystal
Combat casualties who die from their injuries do so primarily in the prehospital setting. Although most of these deaths result from injuries that are non-survivable, some are potentially survivable. Of injuries that are potentially survivable, most are from hemorrhage. Thus, military organizations should direct efforts toward prehospital care, particularly through early hemorrhage control and remote damage control resuscitation, in order to eliminate preventable death on the battlefield. A systems-based approach and priority of effort for institutionalizing such care was developed and maintained by medical personnel and command-directed by non-medical combatant leaders within the 75th Ranger Regiment, U...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333538/health-care-contact-and-suicide-risk-documentation-prior-to-suicide-death-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#5
Jessica D Ribeiro, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner, Ronald C Kessler, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Matthew K Nock
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has shown that a substantial portion of suicide decedents access health care in the weeks and months before their death. We examined whether this is true among soldiers. METHOD: The sample included the 569 Regular Army soldiers in the U.S. Army who died by suicide on active duty between 2004 and 2009 compared to 5,690 matched controls. Analyses examined the prevalence and frequency of health care contacts and documentation of suicide risk (i...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333015/role-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-before-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-retrospective-evaluation-of-pathologic-response-and-outcomes
#6
Edward Michael Mannina, Higinia Rosa Cardenes, Foster D Lasley, Benjamin Goodman, Jennifer Zook, Sandra Althouse, John Alvin Cox, Romil Saxena, Joseph Tector, Mary Maluccio
PURPOSE: To analyze the results of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with early-stage, localized hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent definitive orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The subjects of this retrospective report are 38 patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent SBRT per institutional phase 1 to 2 eligibility criteria, before definitive OLT. Pre-OLT radiographs were compared with pathologic gold standard...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332991/accelerated-total-lymphoid-irradiation-containing-salvage-regimen-for-patients-with-refractory-and-relapsed-hodgkin-lymphoma-20%C3%A2-years-of-experience
#7
Andreas Rimner, Shona Lovie, Meier Hsu, Monica Chelius, Zhigang Zhang, Karen Chau, Alison J Moskowitz, Matthew Matasar, Craig H Moskowitz, Joachim Yahalom
PURPOSE: We report the long-term results of integrated accelerated involved field radiation therapy (IFRT) followed by total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) as part of the high-dose salvage regimen followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation or autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: From November 1985 to July 2008, 186 previously unirradiated patients with relapsed or refractory HL underwent salvage therapy on 4 consecutive institutional review board-approved protocols...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332952/dying-for-love-an-attachment-problem-with-some-perpetrator-introjects
#8
Valerie Sinason
This paper focuses on some problematic victim-perpetrator dynamics in psychotherapy with patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder where there has been longstanding multi-perpetrator organized abuse described, which also involves family members. Additionally, in this specific sample, there have been reported experiences of serious assaults from attachment figures in which the patient felt close to death. The clinical concern is expressed that only in the nearness of death is a connection felt to the attachment figure and this leads to extra suicidality in the patient and extra vulnerability to secondary traumatization for the therapist...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332920/terminal-decline-of-episodic-memory-and-perceptual-speed-in-a-biracial-population
#9
Robert S Wilson, Kumar B Rajan, Lisa L Barnes, Willemijn Jansen, Priscilla Amofa, Jennifer Weuve, Denis A Evans
We compared trajectories of terminal cognitive decline in older Black (n = 3372) and White (n = 1756) persons from a defined population who completed tests of episodic memory and perceptual speed at 3-year intervals for up to 18 years. During a mean of 9.9 years of observation, 1608 Black persons and 902 White persons died. Preterminal decline of episodic memory did not differ by race. Terminal episodic memory decline began earlier in Black persons (mean of 4.3 years before death) than in White persons (mean = 3...
March 23, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332123/self-poisoning-suicide-deaths-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-characterizing-a-subgroup-and-identifying-treatment-patterns
#10
Ayal Schaffer, Lauren M Weinstock, Mark Sinyor, Catherine Reis, Benjamin I Goldstein, Lakshmi N Yatham, Anthony J Levitt
OBJECTIVE: To characterize self-poisoning suicide deaths in BD compared to other suicide decedents. METHODS: Extracted coroner data from all suicide deaths (n = 3319) in Toronto, Canada from 1998 to 2012. Analyses of demographics, clinical history, recent stressors, and suicide details were conducted in 5 subgroups of suicide decedents: BD self-poisoning, BD other methods, non-BD self-poisoning, non-BD other methods, and unipolar depression self-poisoning. Toxicology results for lethal and present substances were also compared between BD and non-BD self-poisoning subgroups as well as between BD and unipolar depression self-poisoning subgroups...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331926/cessation-of-oral-anticoagulation-is-an-important-risk-factor-for-stroke-and-mortality-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients
#11
José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Vanessa Roldán, María Asunción Esteve-Pastor, Mariano Valdés, Vicente Vicente, Gregory Y H Lip, Francisco Marín
Oral anticoagulation (OAC) is highly effective preventing stroke and mortality in AF, but withdrawal is common in the elderly, when high bleeding risk and when are difficulties achieving an optimal time in therapeutic range (TTR). We analysed the rate of OAC cessation, predisposing factors to cessation and the relation to clinical outcomes in a large 'real world' cohort of AF patients over a long follow-up period. Consecutive non-valvular AF outpatients clinically stables for six months were recruited. Rates of cardiovascular events, major bleeding and mortality were recorded and related to OAC cessation...
March 23, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331446/lung-transplantation-and-the-routine-use-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-and-median-sternotomy-experience-at-the-ochsner-multi-organ-transplant-institute
#12
Michael Bates, Matthew Factor, P Eugene Parrino, Aditya Bansal, Reinaldo Rampolla, Leonardo Seoane, Jose Mena, Matthew Gaudet, William Smith, P Michael McFadden
BACKGROUND: From 1990-2005 at Ochsner Medical Center in New Orleans, LA, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was used only when necessary during lung transplantation surgeries. Ochsner's lung transplant program was closed for more than 4 years after Hurricane Katrina, and since the program's reestablishment in 2010, the majority of lung transplantation surgeries have been performed with the patient on CPB and with a median sternotomy incision. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of the CPB and non-CPB groups...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330972/fatal-cerebral-edema-with-status-epilepticus-in-children-with-dravet-syndrome-report-of-5-cases
#13
Kenneth A Myers, Jacinta M McMahon, Simone A Mandelstam, Mark T Mackay, Renate M Kalnins, Richard J Leventer, Ingrid E Scheffer
Dravet syndrome (DS) is a well-recognized developmental and epileptic encephalopathy associated with SCN1A mutations and 15% mortality by 20 years. Although over half of cases succumb to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, the cause of death in the remainder is poorly defined. We describe the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characteristics of a cohort of children with DS and SCN1A mutations who developed fatal cerebral edema causing mass effect after fever-associated status epilepticus. Cases were identified from a review of children with DS enrolled in the Epilepsy Genetics Research Program at The University of Melbourne, Austin Health, who died after fever-associated status epilepticus...
March 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330960/a-multi-institutional-study-of-brainstem-gliomas-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#14
Jasia Mahdi, Amish C Shah, Aimee Sato, Stephanie M Morris, Robert C McKinstry, Robert Listernick, Roger J Packer, Michael J Fisher, David H Gutmann
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical and radiologic features of brainstem gliomas (BSGs) in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of 133 children with NF1 and concurrent BSGs cared for at 4 NF1 referral centers. BSG was determined using radiographic criteria. Age at diagnosis, tumor location and appearance, clinical symptoms, treatment, and presence of a concurrent optic pathway glioma were assessed...
March 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330507/is-admittance-to-specialised-palliative-care-among-cancer-patients-related-to-sex-age-and-cancer-diagnosis-a-nation-wide-study-from-the-danish-palliative-care-database-dpd
#15
Mathilde Adsersen, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Anders Bonde Jensen, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Per Sjøgren, Mogens Groenvold
BACKGROUND: Specialised palliative care (SPC) takes place in specialised services for patients with complex symptoms and problems. Little is known about what determines the admission of patients to SPC and whether there are differences in relation to institution type. The aims of the study were to investigate whether cancer patients' admittance to SPC in Denmark varied in relation to sex, age and diagnosis, and whether the patterns differed by type of institution (hospital-based palliative care team/unit, hospice, or both)...
March 23, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329430/maintaining-family-life-balance-while-facing-a-child-s-imminent-death-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco
AIM: To understand parents' experiences and needs during a child's end-of-life care at home and to identify systemic factors that influence its provision. BACKGROUND: A child's end-of-life phase is an extremely difficult time for the whole family. Parents have specific needs, especially when they care for a dying child at home. DESIGN: Concurrent embedded mixed methods design. METHODS: This sub-study of the nationwide survey, 'Paediatric End-of-Life Care Needs in Switzerland' (2012-2015) included 47 children who received EOL care at home from 2011-2012...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329313/single-coronary-artery-and-neonatal-arterial-switch-operation-early-and-long-term-outcomes%C3%A2
#17
Sébastien Gerelli, Margaux Pontailler, Bruno Rochas, Emanuela Angeli, Mathieu Van Steenberghe, Damien Bonnet, Pascal Vouhé, Olivier Raisky
OBJECTIVES: The presence of single coronary artery (CA) in the arterial switch operation (ASO) for neonatal treatment with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) has been reported to be an independent risk factor for early death after surgical repair and late reintervention. The study objective was to evaluate the mortality and the CA stenosis risk at early and long term in neonatal ASO for TGA and single CA. METHODS: Between January 1987 and January 2010, 979 neonates underwent an ASO, of which 73 had a single CA (7...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329194/ten-year-results-of-the-freedom-solo-stentless-heart-valve-excellent-haemodynamics-but-progressive-valve-dysfunction-in-the-long-term
#18
Sandro Sponga, Mila Della Barbera, Daisy Pavoni, Andrea Lechiancole, Enzo Mazzaro, Marialuisa Valente, Gaetano Nucifora, Gaetano Thiene, Ugolino Livi
OBJECTIVES: Freedom Solo (FS) is a pericardial stentless heart valve showing excellent haemodynamic performance at mid-term. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term performance of such bioprostheses. METHODS: Between December 2004 and November 2009, 109 patients (31 men; mean age 76 ± 6 years) underwent aortic valve replacement with FS. Preoperatively, the mean NYHA class was 2.5 ± 0.7, the mean EuroSCORE II, 2.8 ± 2.5. Mean prosthesis size was 22...
February 23, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329163/determinants-and-clinical-outcome-of-uptitration-of-ace-inhibitors-and-beta-blockers-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-prospective-european-study
#19
W Ouwerkerk, A A Voors, S D Anker, J G Cleland, K Dickstein, G Filippatos, P van der Harst, H L Hillege, C C Lang, J M Ter Maaten, L L Ng, P Ponikowski, N J Samani, D J van Veldhuisen, F Zannad, M Metra, A H Zwinderman
Introduction: Despite clear guidelines recommendations, most patients with heart failure and reduced ejection-fraction (HFrEF) do not attain guideline-recommended target doses. We aimed to investigate characteristics and for treatment-indication-bias corrected clinical outcome of patients with HFrEF that did not reach recommended treatment doses of ACE-inhibitors/Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and/or beta-blockers. Methods and results: BIOSTAT-CHF was specifically designed to study uptitration of ACE-inhibitors/ARBs and/or beta-blockers in 2516 heart failure patients from 69 centres in 11 European countries who were selected if they were suboptimally treated while initiation or uptitration was anticipated and encouraged...
March 11, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328302/pembrolizumab-for-platinum-and-cetuximab-refractory-head-and-neck-cancer-results-from-a-single-arm-phase-ii-study
#20
Joshua Bauml, Tanguy Y Seiwert, David G Pfister, Francis Worden, Stephen V Liu, Jill Gilbert, Nabil F Saba, Jared Weiss, Lori Wirth, Ammar Sukari, Hyunseok Kang, Michael K Gibson, Erminia Massarelli, Steven Powell, Amy Meister, Xinxin Shu, Jonathan D Cheng, Robert Haddad
Purpose There are no approved treatments for recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma refractory to platinum and cetuximab. In the single-arm, phase II KEYNOTE-055 study, we evaluated pembrolizumab, an anti-programmed death 1 receptor antibody, in this platinum- and cetuximab-pretreated population with poor prognosis. Methods Eligibility stipulated disease progression within 6 months of platinum and cetuximab treatment. Patients received pembrolizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks. Imaging was performed every 6 to 9 weeks...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
70648
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"