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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323662/hvad-flow-waveform-morphologies-theoretical-foundation-and-implications-for-clinical-practice
#1
Jonathan D Rich, Daniel Burkhoff
Continuous flow ventricular assist device (cfVAD) performance and patient hemodynamic conditions are intimately interrelated and dynamic, changing frequently with alterations in physiologic conditions, particularly pre- and after-loading conditions. The Heartware cfVAD (HVAD) provides a unique feature among currently approved VADs of providing an estimated instantaneous flow waveform, the characteristics of which can provide significant insights into patient and device properties. Despite being readily available, HVAD waveforms are poorly understood, underutilized and insufficiently leveraged, even by clinicians who regularly manage HVAD patients...
March 16, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319558/effects-of-medical-interventions-on-gender-dysphoria-and-body-image-a-follow-up-study
#2
Tim C van de Grift, Els Elaut, Susanne C Cerwenka, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Griet De Cuypere, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence is to investigate the status of all individuals who had applied for gender confirming interventions from 2007 until 2009, irrespective of whether they received treatment. The current article describes the study protocol, the effect of medical treatment on gender dysphoria and body image, and the predictive value of (pre)treatment factors on post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected on medical interventions, transition status, gender dysphoria (Utrecht Gender Dysphoria Scale), and body image (Body Image Scale for Transsexuals)...
March 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316205/-research-on-yi-yu-medical-education-a-professional-journal-on-medical-education-during-the-period-of-anti-japanese-war
#3
L P He
Founded in October, 1935, Yi yu (Medical Education) was the first professional journal of medical education in China. Unlike other medical journals, Yi yu had strong official background. It was sponsored by the Medical Education Committee of Ministry of Education of the National Government, whose chief editor, editors and authors were mostly authoritative scholars. Its publication time was 1935-1941, and was once an important basis reflecting the development levels and results of Chinese medicine during the Anti-Japanese War, introspecting Chinese medicine education, spreading medical knowledge...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315905/breast-specific-gamma-camera-imaging-with-99m-tc-mibi-has-better-diagnostic-performance-than-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#4
Aimi Zhang, Panli Li, Qiufang Liu, Shaoli Song
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic role of breast-specific gamma camera imaging (BSGI) with technetium-99m-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile ((99m)Tc-MIBI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with breast cancer through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Three reviewers searched articles published in medical journals before June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Springer Databases; the references listed in original articles were also retrieved. We used the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS) tool to assess the quality of the included studies...
March 20, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315043/the-intensive-care-medicine-clinical-research-agenda-in-paediatrics
#5
REVIEW
Mark J Peters, Andrew Argent, Marino Festa, Stéphane Leteurtre, Jefferson Piva, Ann Thompson, Douglas Willson, Pierre Tissières, Marisa Tucci, Jacques Lacroix
BACKGROUND: Intensive Care Medicine set us the task of outlining a global clinical research agenda for paediatric intensive care (PIC). In line with the clinical focus of this journal, we have limited this to research that may directly influence patient care. METHODS: Clinician researchers from PIC research networks of varying degrees of formality from around the world were invited to answer two main questions: (1) What have been the major recent advances in paediatric critical care research? (2) What are the top 10 studies for the next 10 years? RESULTS: (1) Inclusive databases are well established in many countries...
March 17, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#6
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306684/implementation-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-in-rural-appalachia
#7
Daniel Doyle, Chaffee Tommarello, Mike Broce, Mary Emmett, Cecil Pollard
PURPOSE: To report on the implementation and clinical outcomes of a community-based pulmonary rehabilitation program in rural Appalachia. METHODS: Three rural health centers and a large referral hospital worked together to establish pulmonary rehabilitation services based on AACVPR guidelines. Each site hired at least 1 respiratory therapist. To measure clinical outcomes, a retrospective medical record study compared pre- and post-program values for the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea level, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), negative inspiratory force (NIF), respiratory disease knowledge, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), BODE index (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity), and smoking status...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#8
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304384/the-contribution-of-ophthalmology-journals-to-undergraduate-medical-education
#9
I Barai, V A Nowak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302107/readmission-and-mortality-in-patients-discharged-with-a-diagnosis-of-medical-observation-and-evaluation-z03-codes-from-an-acute-admission-unit-in-denmark-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Kåre Melchior Hansen, Henrik Nielsen, Betina Vest-Hansen, Anders Møllekær, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Ole Mølgaard, Hans Kirkegaard, Elisabeth Svensson
BACKGROUND: We assessed the 30-day risk of readmission and mortality among patients receiving an International Classification of Diseases 10th edition diagnosis of medical observation and evaluation (Z03*) following admission to an acute medical admission unit (AMAU), stratified on any further specification of diagnosis during hospital stay. METHODS: We used Central Denmark's (Midt)-Electronic Patient Journal to identify patients with a Z03*-diagnosis among patients admitted to the AMAU, Aarhus University Hospital Nørrebrogade from April 2012 to March 2013, and noted any specification of diagnosis...
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301758/phospholipid-bilayers-stability-and-encapsulation-of-nanoparticles
#11
Elnaz Alipour, Duncan Halverson, Samantha McWhirter, Gilbert C Walker
Nanoparticles are widely studied for their potential medical uses in diagnostics and therapeutics. The interface between a nanoparticle and its target has been a focus of research, both to guide the nanoparticle and to prevent it from deactivating. Given nature's frequent use of phospholipid vesicles as carriers, much attention has been paid to phospholipids as a vehicle for drug delivery. The physical chemistry of bilayer formation and nanoparticle encapsulation is complex, touching on fundamental properties of hydrophobicity...
March 15, 2017: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301734/deep-learning-in-medical-image-analysis
#12
Dinggang Shen, Guorong Wu, Heung-Il Suk
This review covers computer-assisted analysis of images in the field of medical imaging. Recent advances in machine learning, especially with regard to deep learning, are helping to identify, classify, and quantify patterns in medical images. At the core of these advances is the ability to exploit hierarchical feature representations learned solely from data, instead of features designed by hand according to domain-specific knowledge. Deep learning is rapidly becoming the state of the art, leading to enhanced performance in various medical applications...
March 9, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301578/correction-age-targeting-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-programs-using-the-decision-makers-program-planning-toolkit-dmppt-2-0
#13
Katharine Kripke, Marjorie Opuni, Melissa Schnure, Sema Sgaier, Delivette Castor, Jason Reed, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, John Stover
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156909.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301418/in-the-beginning-there-is-the-introduction-and-your-study-hypothesis
#14
Thomas R Vetter, Edward J Mascha
Writing a manuscript for a medical journal is very akin to writing a newspaper article-albeit a scholarly one. Like any journalist, you have a story to tell. You need to tell your story in a way that is easy to follow and makes a compelling case to the reader. Although recommended since the beginning of the 20th century, the conventional Introduction-Methods-Results-And-Discussion (IMRAD) scientific reporting structure has only been the standard since the 1980s. The Introduction should be focused and succinct in communicating the significance, background, rationale, study aims or objectives, and the primary (and secondary, if appropriate) study hypotheses...
March 15, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301011/research-reporting-guidelines-in-dentistry-a-survey-of-editors
#15
Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, David Moher, Tatiana Pereira-Cenci
The use of reporting guidelines has an important role in the development of health research, improving the quality and precision of the publications. This study evaluated how dental journals use reporting guidelines. All editors of dental journals registered on the 2013 Journal Citation Reports list (n=81) were invited to participate. The data were collected by a self-reported web-based questionnaire. Information about the profile of journal/editor and on the use of reporting guidelines by journals was gathered...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300070/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-overweight-status-of-their-children
#16
S Zhang, L Wang, J Leng, H Liu, W Li, T Zhang, N Li, W Li, H Tian, A A Baccarelli, L Hou, G Hu
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) as a group of medical complications in pregnancy are believed to be associated with an increased risk of poor fetal growth, but the influence on offspring's body composition is not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between maternal HDP and overweight status in the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A cross-sectional study among 1263 GDM mother-child pairs was performed in Tianjin, China. General linear models and logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of maternal hypertension in pregnancy with anthropometry and overweight status in the offspring from birth to 1-5 years old...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296811/new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-critically-ill
#17
Travis J Moss, James Forrest Calland, Kyle B Enfield, Diana C Gomez-Manjarres, Caroline Ruminski, John P DiMarco, Douglas E Lake, J Randall Moorman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of new-onset atrial fibrillation with outcomes, including ICU length of stay and survival. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort of ICU admissions. We found atrial fibrillation using automated detection (≥ 90s in 30 min) and classed as new-onset if there was no prior diagnosis of atrial fibrillation. We identified determinants of new-onset atrial fibrillation and, using propensity matching, characterized its impact on outcomes. SETTING: Tertiary care academic center...
March 14, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296363/-answer-to-letter-to-the-editor-about-the-editorial-the-journal-s-role-in-continuin-medical-education
#18
Manuel Ramiro-H
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296362/-letter-to-the-editor-about-the-editorial-the-journal-s-role-in-continuing-medical-education
#19
Roberto Rodríguez-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295987/orthopaedic-research-in-australia-a-bibliographic-analysis-of-the-publication-rates-in-the-top-15-journals
#20
Erik Hohmann, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth
BACKGROUND: To investigate the publications rates and characteristics of the authors for manuscripts originating from Australia in the 15 highest ranked orthopaedic journals over a 5-year period. METHODS: The 15 highest ranked journals in orthopaedics, based on their 2015 impact factor, were used to establish the total number of publications and cumulative impact factor points between January 2010 and December 2014. The affiliations of the primary author and co-authors were used to determine the involvement of Australian trained orthopaedic surgeons...
March 15, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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