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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727577/nurses-exploring-the-spirituality-of-their-patients-with-cancer-participant-observation-on-a-medical-oncology-ward
#1
Jacqueline van Meurs, Wim Smeets, Kris C P Vissers, Marieke Groot, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Attention for spirituality should be an integral part of professionals' caregiving. Particularly, nurses caring for patients with cancer might have opportunities to give attention to this dimension. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the way and extent to which nurses during daily caregiving observe and explore spiritual issues of hospitalized patients with cancer. METHODS: We performed an ethnographic study with participant observation...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726795/a-retrospective-analysis-of-hypertension-screening-at-a-mass-gathering-in-india-implications-for-non-communicable-disease-control-strategies
#2
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726491/interview-with-thomas-powles-the-use-of-durvalumab-in-urothelial-cancer-the-latest-strides-in-immuno-oncology
#3
Thomas Powles
Thomas Powles speaks to Sebastian Dennis-Beron, Commissioning Editor: Dr. Thomas Powles is a clinical professor of genitourinary oncology and the lead for solid tumor research at Barts Cancer Institute in London. His main research interests are in genital and urinary cancers, in which he leads a spectrum of clinical studies from Phase I to randomized Phase III investigating novel targeted and immune therapies. His research also focuses on correlation of novel biomarkers and aims to define markers with prognostic value that may predict response or resistance to therapy...
July 20, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725136/sex-specific-effect-of-recalled-parenting-on-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-in-adulthood
#4
Minna T Lyons, Gayle Brewer, Emily J Bethell
Previous research has demonstrated the influence of parenting on the development of children's empathy. However, few studies have considered the impact of parents on empathy in adulthood, specific components of empathy, or the importance of parent and child biological sex. In the present study, 226 participants (71 men) completed online versions of the Parental Bonding Instrument (Parker et al. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 52, 1-10 1979), Empathy Quotient (Baron-Cohen and Wheelwright Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 163-175 2004), and Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85 1980)...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723601/a-review-of-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-earache-and-tinnitus-in-iran
#5
REVIEW
Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian-Sani, Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori, Majid Asadi-Samani, Tahra Luther
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite numerous trials, there has not yet been any definite strategy to reduce replicable long-term tinnitus and earache. Complementary and alternative medical approaches have been used to decrease the symptoms of tinnitus and earache. This study was conducted to report medicinal plants that are used to treat ear disorders, especially earache and tinnitus in different regions of Iran. EVIDENCE ACQUISITIONS: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Google Scholar, PubMed, LISTA (EBSCO), Embase, and Web of Science were searched using relevant search terms to retrieve eligible publications...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720999/india-contribution-to-spine-surgery-15-most-influential-articles
#6
Bhavuk Garg, Sahil Batra, Vivek Dixit
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of articles published by Indian authors related to spine surgery and to enumerate the 15 most influential articles from India published in the field of spine surgery in national & international journals based on the citations they have received both in pubmed and google scholar. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study using Pubmed database was performed for the years between 1960 and 2015, for the articles published from India in the field of spine surgery in various national and international journals...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720617/protocol-for-an-online-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-relatives-of-people-with-psychosis-or-bipolar-disorder-relatives-education-and-coping-toolkit-react
#7
Fiona Lobban, Heather Robinson, Duncan Appelbe, Johanna Barraclough, Emma Bedson, Lizzie Collinge, Susanna Dodd, Sue Flowers, Mahsa Honary, Sonia Johnson, Ceu Mateus, Barbara Mezes, Valerie Minns, Elizabeth Murray, Andrew Walker, Paula Williamson, Catherine Wintermeyer, Steven Jones
INTRODUCTION: Despite clinical guidelines recommendations, many relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder do not currently receive the support they need. Online information and support may offer a solution. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This single-blind, parallel, online randomised controlled trial will determine clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Relatives Education And Coping Toolkit (REACT) (including an online resource directory (RD)), compared with RD only, for relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720615/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-ethosuximide-in-the-treatment-of-abdominal-pain-related-to-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibset-protocol-of-a-randomised-parallel-controlled-double-blind-and-multicentre-trial
#8
Nicolas Kerckhove, Julien Scanzi, Bruno Pereira, Denis Ardid, Michel Dapoigny
INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterised by the association of abdominal chronic pain with bowel habit disorders in the absence of identifiable organic disease. This is the first reason for consultation in gastroenterology, with an estimated prevalence of 10%-15% in industrialised countries. Although this is a benign gastrointestinal disease, its chronicity profoundly impacts the patient's quality of life and causes considerable health spending. Actual medical treatments are poorly efficient on IBS-related abdominal pain, making it a major public health concern...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720611/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#9
Tariro J Basera, Jabulani Ncayiyana, Mark E Engel
INTRODUCTION: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) remains a major public health problem and one of the major contributors to the pool of active tuberculosis cases. The true burden of LTBI in Africa is not known. Early modelling studies estimate that over 33% of the world's population is infected with latent tuberculosis. We propose conducting a systematic review and a meta-analysis to evaluate the burden and risk factors of LTBI in Africa reported in studies from 2000 to 2017. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include cross-sectional studies, cohort studies and case-control studies estimating either tuberculin skin test (TST) or interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) confirmed prevalence of LTBI and associated risk factors among people in African countries...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719136/comparing-alternative-and-traditional-dissemination-metrics-in-medical-education
#10
Aysah Amath, Kristin Ambacher, John J Leddy, Timothy J Wood, Christopher J Ramnanan
CONTEXT: The impact of academic scholarship has traditionally been measured using citation-based metrics. However, citations may not be the only measure of impact. In recent years, other platforms (e.g. Twitter) have provided new tools for promoting scholarship to both academic and non-academic audiences. Alternative metrics (altmetrics) can capture non-traditional dissemination data such as attention generated on social media platforms. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this exploratory study were to characterise the relationships among altmetrics, access counts and citations in an international and pre-eminent medical education journal, and to clarify the roles of these metrics in assessing the impact of medical education academic scholarship...
July 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#11
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716797/a-pragmatic-phase-iii-multisite-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-arm-dose-increment-randomised-trial-of-regular-low-dose-extended-release-morphine-for-chronic-breathlessness-breathlessness-exertion-and-morphine-sulfate-beams-study-protocol
#12
David Currow, Gareth John Watts, Miriam Johnson, Christine F McDonald, John O Miners, Andrew A Somogyi, Linda Denehy, Nicola McCaffrey, Danny J Eckert, Philip McCloud, Sandra Louw, Lawrence Lam, Aine Greene, Belinda Fazekas, Katherine C Clark, Kwun Fong, Meera R Agar, Rohit Joshi, Sharon Kilbreath, Diana Ferreira, Magnus Ekström
INTRODUCTION: Chronic breathlessness is highly prevalent and distressing to patients and families. No medication is registered for its symptomatic reduction. The strongest evidence is for regular, low-dose, extended- release (ER) oral morphine. A recent large phase III study suggests the subgroup most likely to benefit have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and modified Medical Research Council breathlessness scores of 3 or 4. This protocol is for an adequately powered, parallel-arm, placebo-controlled, multisite, factorial, block-randomised study evaluating regular ER morphine for chronic breathlessness in people with COPD...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715467/dealing-with-foreign-cultural-paradigms-a-systematic-review-on-intercultural-challenges-of-international-medical-graduates
#13
Kerstin Michalski, Nabeel Farhan, Edith Motschall, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of International Medical Graduates (IMG), who are defined to be physicians working in a country other than their country of origin and training, immigrate to Western countries. In order to ensure safe and high-quality patient care, they have to take medical and language tests. This systematic review aims to (1) collect all empiric research on intercultural communication of IMGs in medical settings, (2) identify and categorize all text passages mentioning intercultural issues in the included studies, and (3) describe the most commonly reported intercultural areas of communication of IMGs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714340/statement-of-redundant-publication
#14
(no author information available yet)
For Prathanee B, Thinkhamrop B, Dechongkit S. Factors Associated With Specific Language Impairment and Later Language Development During Early Life: A Literature Review. Clin Pediatr. 2007;46:22-29. This statement has been added based on determining significant overlap with the following article, published earlier, with an authorship including one of the co-authors, Bandit Thinkhamrop: Chaimay B, Thinkhamrop B, Thinkhamrop J. Risk Factors Associated with Language Development Problems in Childhood - A Literature Review...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#15
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712718/young-adults-with-multiple-myeloma
#16
REVIEW
Hollie Devine, Daniel Verina
OBJECTIVE: To identify the salient issues of young adults (YAs) diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM), a hematologic disease of older adults, that is rare in patients 19-40 years of age. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed journal articles, case reports, single-institution series, and national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Compared to older adults with MM, YAs live longer and are at higher risk for survivorship-related issues, which include treatment adherence, infertility, reproductive concerns, risk of second primary cancers, treatment-related cardiotoxicity, and higher risk of non-cancer-related mortality...
July 13, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710219/comparison-of-propofol-and-dexmedetomidine-infused-overnight-to-treat-hyperactive-and-mixed-icu-delirium-a-protocol-for-the-basel-prodex-clinical-trial
#17
Alexa Hollinger, Katrin Ledergerber, Stefanie von Felten, Raoul Sutter, Stephan Rüegg, Lukas Gantner, Sibylle Zimmermann, Andrea Blum, Luzius A Steiner, Stephan Marsch, Martin Siegemund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delirium is a neurobehavioural disturbance that frequently develops particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU) population. It was first described more than half a century ago, where it was already discovered as a state that might come along with serious complications such as prolonged ICU and hospital stay, reduced quality of life and increased mortality. However, in most cases, there is still lack of proof for causal relationship. Its presence frequently remains unrecognised due to suggested predominance of the hypoactive form...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708714/sleep-medications-containing-melatonin-can-potentially-induce-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-structurally-normal-hearts-a-two-patient-report
#18
L J de Vries, T Géczy, T Szili-Torok
Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (IVAs) are relatively common in the general population and usually have a good prognosis. However, frequent PVCs can lower quality of life (in symptomatic cases) and can cause cardiomyopathy and sudden cardiac death. In this report, we demonstrate a novel trigger for IVAs. Melatonin use for treating sleep-disorders has increased significantly in recent years. We provide here the first human evidence of its pro-arrhythmic effect by presenting two patients (with normal myocardium) with symptomatic PVCs, while on melatonin...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707313/predictive-factors-for-publication-of-abstracts-at-the-royal-australasian-college-of-surgeons-annual-scientific-congress
#19
Cristian Udovicich, Bryan Soh, Sam Law, Venetia Hoe, Dion Lanfranco, Kalpa Perera, Cuong Duong, Steven Chan
BACKGROUND: A key metric of the research quality of medical conferences is the publication rate of abstracts. The study objective was to determine the publication rate of abstracts presented at the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Annual Scientific Congress (RACS ASC) and to examine for any predictive factors associated with publication. METHODS: Abstracts presented at the RACS ASC from 2011 to 2013 were analysed. Abstract characteristics such as presentation format, study type, study design, study site, cohort size and author origin were recorded...
July 13, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706101/low-value-clinical-practices-in-injury-care-a-scoping-review-protocol
#20
Lynne Moore, Khadidja Malloum Boukar, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Henry T Stelfox, Howard Champion, Peter Cameron, Belinda Gabbe, Natalie Yanchar, John Kortbeek, François Lauzier, France Légaré, Patrick Archambault, Alexis F Turgeon
INTRODUCTION: Preventable injuries lead to 200 000 hospital stays, 60 000 disabilities, and 13 000 deaths per year in Canada with direct costs of $20 billion. Overall, potentially unnecessary medical interventions are estimated to consume up to 30% of healthcare resources and may expose patients to avoidable harm. However, little is known about overuse for acute injury care. We aim to identify low-value clinical practices in injury care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform a scoping review of peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed literature to identify research articles, reviews, recommendations and guidelines that identify at least one low-value clinical practice specific to injury populations...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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