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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333789/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#1
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#2
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331563/trends-in-premature-mortality-due-to-heart-failure-by-autonomous-community-in-spain-1999-to-2013
#3
Lidia Gómez-Martínez, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán, José A Quesada, Vicente Bertomeu-González, Vicente F Gil-Guillén, Adriana López-Pineda, Concepción Carratalá-Munuera
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem, and the prevalence increases with age. In Spain, there are considerable differences between autonomous communities. The aim of this study was to analyze trends in premature mortality due to HF between 1999 and 2013 in Spain by autonomous community. METHODS: We analyzed data on mortality due to HF in Spanish residents aged 0 to 75 years by autonomous community between 1999 and 2013...
January 10, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330880/concise-review-optimized-strategies-for-stem-cell-based-therapy-in-myocardial-repair-clinical-translatability-and-potential-limitation
#4
REVIEW
Rongrong Wu, Xinyang Hu, Jian'an Wang
Ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) remain major public health problems with high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite significant advances, current therapeutic approaches are unable to rescue the extensive and irreversible loss of cardiomyocytes caused by severe ischemia. Over the past 16 years, stem cell-based therapy has been recognized as an innovative strategy for cardiac repair/regeneration and functional recovery after IHDs. Although substantial preclinical animal studies using a variety of stem/progenitor cells have shown promising results, there is a tremendous degree of skepticism in the clinical community as many stem cell trials do not confer any beneficial effects...
January 13, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#5
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328696/symmetry-preservation-and-critical-fluctuations-in-a-pseudospin-crossover-perovskite-lacoo_-3
#6
Yasuhiro Shimizu, Takuya Takahashi, Syunpei Yamada, Ayako Shimokata, Takaaki Jin-No, Masayuki Itoh
Spin-state crossover beyond a conventional ligand-field theory has been a fundamental issue in condensed matter physics. Here, we report microscopic observations of spin states and low-energy dynamics through orbital-resolved NMR spectroscopy in the prototype compound LaCoO_{3}. The ^{59}Co NMR spectrum shows the preserved crystal symmetry across the crossover, inconsistent with d orbital ordering due to the Jahn-Teller distortion. The orbital degeneracy results in a pseudospin (J[over ˜]=1) excited state with an orbital moment observed as ^{59}Co hyperfine coupling tensors...
December 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326517/18p-deletion-syndrome-case-report-with-clinical-consideration-and-management
#7
Megha Goyal, Mayuri Jain, Sachin Singhal, Kirty Nandimath
18p deletion syndrome is characterized by the deletion of short arm of chromosome 18. Presentation of this syndrome is quite variable with dysmorphic features, growth deficiencies, and mental retardation with poor verbal performance. Few patients even fail to thrive when malformations involving the heart and brain are severe. In the present article, we report an isolated case of 18p deletion in a 23-year-old female who for the first time reported to the hospital for dental problems. The patient was short statured with mental retardation and craniofacial, skeletal, dental, and endocrinal abnormalities...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325804/heart-failure-in-numbers-estimates-for-the-21st-century-in-portugal
#8
Cândida Fonseca, Daniel Brás, Inês Araújo, Fátima Ceia
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Heart failure is a major public health problem that affects a large number of individuals and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This study aims to estimate the probable scenario for HF prevalence and its consequences in the short-, medium- and long-term in Portugal. METHODS: This assessment is based on the EPICA (Epidemiology of Heart Failure and Learning) project, which was designed to estimate the prevalence of chronic heart failure in mainland Portugal in 1998...
January 8, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325797/consequences-of-retained-defibrillator-and-pacemaker-leads-following-heart-transplantation-an-underrecognized-problem
#9
Luise Holzhauser, Teruhiko Imamura, Hemal M Nayak, Nitasha Sarswat, Gene Kim, Jayant Raikhelkar, Sara Kalantari, David Onsager, Tae Song, Takeyoshi Ota, Valluvan Jeevanandam, Gabriel Sayer, Nir Uriel
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) are common in patients undergoing heart transplantation (HT) and complete removal is not always possible at the time of transplant. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the frequency of retained CIED leads and clinical consequences in consecutive HT patients from 2013-2016. Clinical outcomes included bacteremia, upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT), lead migration and inability to perform MRI...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322715/heart-failure-and-the-iron-deficiency
#10
Amey Beedkar, Rohan Parikh, Pradeep Deshmukh
Iron deficiency anemia is a significant problem worldwide and more so in developing countries, like India. The prevention and treatment of iron deficiency is a major public health goal in India It is now well recognized that iron deficiency has detrimental effects in patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension, and possibly in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Around one-third of all patients with HF, and around one-half of patients with pulmonary hypertension, are affected by iron deficiency...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319343/obesity-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young-clinical-and-pathological-insights-from-a-large-national-registry
#11
Gherardo Finocchiaro, Michael Papadakis, Harshil Dhutia, Della Cole, Elijah R Behr, Maite Tome, Sanjay Sharma, Mary N Sheppard
Aims Obesity is an increasing public health problem and a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to determine the main features and aetiologies in a large cohort of sudden cardiac deaths that occurred in obese subjects. Methods Between 1994 and 2014, 3684 consecutive cases of unexpected sudden cardiac death were referred to our cardiac pathology centre. This study was confined to young individuals (age ≤ 35 years) for whom information about body mass index was available and consisted of 1033 cases...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318964/potential-role-of-inflammation-in-associations-between-particulate-matter-and-heart-failure
#12
Xiaotong Ji, Yingying Zhang, Guangke Li, Nan Sang
Recently, numerous studies have found that particulate matter (PM) exposure is correlated with increased hospitalization and mortality from heart failure (HF). In addition to problems with circulation, HF patients often display high expression of cytokines in the failing heart. Thus, as a recurring heart problem, HF is thought to be a disorder characterized in part by the inflammatory response. In this review, we intend to discuss the relationship between PM exposure and HF that is based on inflammatory mechanism and to provide a comprehensive, updated evaluation of the related studies...
January 10, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317979/a-case-of-multifaceted-assessment-in-an-elderly-patient-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#13
Hideto Sako, Midori Miyazaki, Yasunori Suematsu, Rie Koyoshi, Yuhei Shiga, Takashi Kuwano, Ken Kitajima, Atsushi Iwata, Katsura Yorinaga, Kanta Fujimi, Shin-Ichiro Miura
Heart failure (HF) is a common health problem worldwide, including in Japan. Unfortunately, patient outcomes remain poor, with a 5-year survival rate of approximately 50%. Therefore, we need to assess the precise conditions, including cardiac function, in patients with HF, particularly in the elderly. We performed a multifaceted assessment in an elderly patient with HF on admission and at discharge using eight different evaluations (the mean life expectancy using the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM), the severity of dementia, nutrition, medication adherence, biomarker (the level of brain natriuretic peptide in blood), sociality, performance and comorbidity)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317347/using-virtual-reality-to-control-preoperative-anxiety-in-ambulatory-surgery-patients-a-pilot-study-in-maxillofacial-and-plastic-surgery
#14
L Ganry, B Hersant, M SidAhmed-Mezi, G Dhonneur, J P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative anxiety may lead to medical and surgical complications, behavioral problems and emotional distress. The most common means of prevention are based on using medication and, more recently, hypnosis. The aim of our study was to determine whether a virtual reality (VR) program presenting natural scenes could be part of a new therapy to reduce patients' preoperative anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our prospective pilot study consisted of a single-blind trial in skin cancer surgery at the Henri Mondor Teaching Hospital in France...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317030/combination-of-chemical-fingerprinting-with-bioassay-a-preferable-approach-for-quality-control-of-safflower-injection
#15
Wu W Feng, Yi Zhang, Jin F Tang, Cong E Zhang, Qin Dong, Rui Y Li, Xiao H Xiao, Cheng Peng, Xiao P Dong, Dan Yan
Safflower Injection is one kind of injections derived from traditional Chinese medicine. It is widely applied to treat cerebrovascular diseases such as acute cerebral infarction, stroke, coronary heart disease, and angiitis. However, most adverse reactions of Safflower Injection in clinic are caused by its quality problems. In this study, 10 batches of normal and 42 batches of abnormal Safflower Injections were obtained from the clinical practice. Their quality fluctuations were detected by chemical fingerprinting (CF, ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry) and bioassays including cell-based biological profile (CBP) assay and enzymatic assay...
March 20, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316050/psychosocial-functioning-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients-and-their-families
#16
Melissa K Cousino, Kurt R Schumacher, Kelly E Rea, Sally Eder, Mary Zamberlan, Jessica Jordan, Emily M Fredericks
Across pediatric organ transplant populations, patient and family psychosocial functioning is associated with important health-related outcomes. Research has suggested that pediatric heart transplant recipients and their families are at increased risk for adverse psychosocial outcomes; however, recent investigation of psychosocial functioning in this population is lacking. This study aimed to provide a contemporary characterization of psychosocial functioning in pediatric heart transplant recipients and their families...
January 5, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315645/a-preliminary-study-of-pulmonary-vein-implant-applicability-and-safety-as-a-potential-ablation-platform-in-a-follow-up-study-in-pigs
#17
Tim Vandecasteele, Stijn Schauvliege, Matthew Philpott, Eli Clement, Gunther van Loon, Lisse Vera, Tim Boussy, Thomas van Bergen, Wim Van Den Broeck, Pieter Cornillie, Glenn Van Langenhove
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after an ablation procedure remains a major problem which emphasizes the need for improved pulmonary vein isolation techniques. AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe an implantation procedure of a pulmonary vein-stent which may possibly serve as an ablation technique in the future and to examine stent safety in a follow-up study in pigs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight pigs were catheterized and nine self-expanding nitinol stents were implanted through a transfemoral or transatrial approach into the antra of the pulmonary veins...
January 8, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311024/-stem-cells-searching-predisposition-to-cardiac-commitment-by-surface-markers-expression
#18
Luis A Lara-Martínez, Ingrid Gutiérrez-Villegas, Victor M Arenas-Luna, Salomón Hernández-Gutierrez
It is well-known that cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and represent an important economic burden to health systems. In an attempt to solve this problem, stem cell therapy has emerged as a therapeutic option. Within the last 20 years, a great variety of stem cells have been used in different myocardial infarction models. Up until now, the use of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) has seemed to be the best option, but the inaccessibility and scarcity of these cells make their use unreliable...
January 5, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310997/neurohormonal-imbalance-a-neglected-problem-and-potential-therapeutic-target-in-acute-heart-failure
#19
Steven R Goldsmith, Bradley A Bart, Ileana L Piña
Decompensated or acute heart failure (AHF) is characterized by increased ventricular and atrial pressures which may lead to and be caused by circulatory congestion. Unless due to a primary decrease in cardiac function, congestion arises from volume expansion or vasoconstriction. In turn, volume expansion and vasoconstriction are due to neurohormonal imbalance since both result from activation of the sympathetic nervous system, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis and excess secretion of arginine vasopressin...
December 16, 2017: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307905/perfusion-index-as-a-predictor-of-hypotension-following-propofol-induction-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Sripada G Mehandale, Preethi Rajasekhar
Background and Aims: Hypotension during propofol induction is a common problem. Perfusion index (PI), an indicator of systemic vascular resistance, is said to be predictive of hypotension following subarachnoid block. We hypothesised that PI can predict hypotension following propofol induction and a cut-off value beyond which hypotension is more common can be determined. Methods: Fifty adults belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I/II undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia were enrolled for this prospective, observational study...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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