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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343269/neophobia-is-negatively-related-to-reversal-learning-ability-in-females-of-a-generalist-bird-of-prey-the-chimango-caracara-milvago-chimango
#1
Jorgelina María Guido, Laura Marina Biondi, Aldo Ivan Vasallo, Rubén Nestor Muzio
In an ever-changing environment, the ability to adapt choices to new conditions is essential for daily living and ultimately, for survival. Behavioural flexibility allows animals to maximise survival and reproduction in novel settings by adjusting their behaviour based on specific information and feedback acquired in their current environments. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that an individual's personality type can limit the extent to which the individual might behave flexibly, by influencing the way an individual pays attention to novelty and how much information it collects and stores, which in turn affects the individual's decision-making and learning process...
March 25, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#2
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336746/understanding-dutch-practice-nurses-adherence-to-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-guidelines-and-their-needs-for-web-based-adherence-support-results-from-semistructured-interviews
#3
D de Ruijter, E S Smit, H de Vries, L Goossens, C Hoving
OBJECTIVES: Practice nurses in general practices suboptimally adhere to smoking cessation guidelines. Since the effectiveness of their smoking cessation support is greatest when full adherence to these guidelines is achieved, interventions need to be developed to improve practice nurses' guideline adherence, for example, by tailoring their content to adherence determinants. However, the sociocognitive determinants explaining adherence have not yet been investigated. Therefore, this qualitative needs assessment aimed to explore practice nurses' current counselling practices, as well as their sociocognitive beliefs related to their smoking cessation guideline adherence and their needs regarding web-based adherence support...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333511/does-impaired-mental-health-interfere-with-the-outcome-of-brief-alcohol-intervention-at-general-hospitals
#4
Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Katja Haberecht, Christian Meyer, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether the efficacy of in-person and computer delivered brief alcohol intervention (BAI) is moderated by mental health status. METHOD: General hospital inpatients with at-risk alcohol use aged 18 to 64 years (N = 961, 75% men) were allocated to in-person BAI, computer-based BAI, and assessment only. In-person BAI contained counseling by research staff. Computer-based BAI contained computer-generated individualized feedback letters...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325175/developing-a-peer-support-protocol-for-improving-veterans-engagement-to-computer-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#5
John M Ray, Lakiesha L Kemp, Amanda Hubbard, Michael A Cucciare
BACKGROUND: Computer-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) is an effective alternative to provider-delivered treatment for depression and anxiety, but high attrition poses a significant challenge to its use. Peer support is a feasible approach to improving cCBT engagement, but less is known about its acceptability among Veterans. AIMS: To obtain feedback from Veterans (n = 24) with depression and/or anxiety on their preferences for (a) activities of Veterans Administration Peer Support Specialists (VA PSS) in helping Veterans use Moving Forward, a cCBT-based protocol developed by VA, and (b) methods for delivering support to Veterans using this programme...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#6
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319324/future-of-robotic-surgery-in-urology
#7
Jens J Rassweiler, Riccardo Autorino, Jan Klein, Alex Mottrie, Ali Serdar Goezen, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Koon H Rha, Marc Schurr, Jihad Kaouk, Vipul Patel, Prokar Dasgupta, Evangelos Liatsikos
OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive overview of the current status and future perspectives in the field of robotic systems for urologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-systematic literature review was performed by using PubMed / Medline search electronic engines. Existing patents for robotic devices were researched using the Google search machine. Findings were critically analyzed also by taking into account personal experience of the authors. RESULTS: Relevant patents of the first generation of the da Vinci platform will expire in 2019...
March 20, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318279/substance-use-prevention-and-treatment-outcomes-for-emerging-adults-in-non-college-settings-a-meta-analysis
#8
Jordan P Davis, Douglas C Smith, Daniel A Briley
Emerging adults have the highest prevalence rate of alcohol and drug use and represent a large proportion of treatment admissions in the United States. Those who do not attend college experience higher rates of use and may not have similar advantages as those attending college. A systematic review included studies investigating prevention and treatment outcomes among emerging adults in non-college settings. We included studies reporting an average age between 18 and 25 conducted outside of college settings...
March 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304332/a-wellness-mobile-application-for-smart-health-pilot-study-design-and-results
#9
Giovanna Sannino, Manolo Forastiere, Giuseppe De Pietro
Wellness is one of the main factors crucial in the avoidance of illness or disease. Experience has shown that healthy lifestyle programs are an important strategy to prevent the major shared risk factors for many diseases including cardiovascular diseases, strokes, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Within the ambit of the Smart Health 2.0 project, a Wellness App has been developed which has the aim of providing people with something similar to a personal trainer. This Wellness App is able to gather information about the subject, to classify her/him by evaluating some of her/his specific characteristics (physical parameters and lifestyle) and to make personal recommendations to enhance her/his well-being...
March 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303388/the-impact-of-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-in-combating-quinolone-resistance-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations-for-more-efficient-interventions
#10
REVIEW
Vasiliki Pitiriga, Georgia Vrioni, George Saroglou, Athanasios Tsakris
Quinolones are among the most commonly prescribed antibiotics worldwide. A clear relationship has been demonstrated between excessive quinolone use and the steady increase in the incidence of quinolone-resistant bacterial pathogens, both in hospital and community sites. In addition, exposure to quinolones has been associated with colonization and infection with healthcare-associated pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile in hospitalized patients. Therefore, the management of quinolone prescribing in hospitals through antibiotic stewardship programs is considered crucial...
March 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293993/reflective-practice
#11
Elena Alegado
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The CPD article provided a useful introduction to reflection, defined as a method of using experiential knowledge to enable professional and personal development, while reinforcing continuous learning.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291968/integrative-treatment-of-personality-disorder-part-i-psychotherapy
#12
Mirjana Divac Jovanovic, Dragan Svrakic
In this paper, we outline the concept of integrative therapy of borderline personality, also referred to as fragmented personality, which we consider to be the core psychopathology underlying all clinical subtypes of personality disorder. Hence, the terms borderline personality, borderline disorder, fragmented personality, and personality disorder are used interchangeably, as synonyms. Our integrative approach combines pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, each specifically tailored to accomplish a positive feedback modulation of their respective effects...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287799/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-personalized-normative-feedback-alcohol-intervention-for-young-adult-veterans
#13
Eric R Pedersen, Layla Parast, Grant N Marshall, Terry L Schell, Clayton Neighbors
OBJECTIVE: Young-adult American veterans are at risk for problematic alcohol use. However, they are unlikely to seek care and may drop out from lengthy, multicomponent treatments when they do get care. This randomized controlled trial tested a very brief alcohol intervention delivered over the Internet to reach the population of young-adult veterans to help reduce their drinking. METHOD: Veterans (N = 784) were recruited from Facebook and randomized to either a control condition or a personalized normative feedback (PNF) intervention seeking to correct drinking perceptions of gender-specific veteran peers...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287367/the-effects-of-contingency-contracts-and-performance-feedback-on-completing-data-entries-to-self-monitor-community-participation-of-people-with-physical-disabilities-an-ecological-momentary-study
#14
Chiaki Gonda-Kotani, Glen W White
This article examines the use of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to analyze the effect of contingent contracts and performance feedback in completing data entries to self-monitor community participation of people with mobility-related disabilities. Two participants with mobility-related disabilities were assigned to self-monitor their community participation activities using a personal digital assistant (PDA), which had been preprogrammed to signal four times a day throughout the entire study. At each prompt, participants were asked to complete a brief survey on a PDA...
April 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285156/the-role-of-cognition-for-different-stages-of-visuomotor-adaptation-in-younger-and-older-adults
#15
Anja Simon, Otmar Bock
A recent model identified three stages of learning, the first drawing on cognitive flexibility, the second on inhibition, and the third on automation. We explored the validity of this model for visuomotor learning and found that adaptation is associated with inhibition early during adaptation and with automaticity later on. An initial association with cognitive flexibility remained inconclusive. This work employs another marker of cognitive flexibility and extends our work to older adults. Twenty young and 20 older adults completed three cognitive tasks (switch task, Stroop task and four-choice-reaction-time-task)...
March 8, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284228/interactive-wearable-systems-for-upper-body-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Qi Wang, Panos Markopoulos, Bin Yu, Wei Chen, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: The development of interactive rehabilitation technologies which rely on wearable-sensing for upper body rehabilitation is attracting increasing research interest. This paper reviews related research with the aim: 1) To inventory and classify interactive wearable systems for movement and posture monitoring during upper body rehabilitation, regarding the sensing technology, system measurements and feedback conditions; 2) To gauge the wearability of the wearable systems; 3) To inventory the availability of clinical evidence supporting the effectiveness of related technologies...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284191/a-feasibility-study-with-process-evaluation-of-a-preschool-intervention-to-improve-child-and-family-lifestyle-behaviours
#17
Lorraine McSweeney, Vera Araújo-Soares, Tim Rapley, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Around a fifth of children starting school in England are now overweight/obese. There is a paucity of interventions with the aim of obesity prevention in preschool-age children in the UK. Previous research has demonstrated some positive results in changing specific health behaviours, however, positive trends in overall obesity rates are lacking. Preschool settings may provide valuable opportunities to access children and their families not only for promoting healthy lifestyles, but also to develop and evaluate behaviour-change interventions...
March 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282994/the-effect-of-cognitive-testing-and-feedback-on-older-adults-subjective-age
#18
Lisa Geraci, Ross De Forrest, Matthew Hughes, Gabriel Saenz, Robert Tirso
Subjective age, or how old a person feels, is an important measure of self-perception that is associated with consequential cognitive and health outcomes. Recent research suggests that subjective age is affected by certain situations, including cognitive testing contexts. The current study examined whether cognitive testing and positive performance feedback affect subjective age and subsequent cognitive performance. Older adults took a series of neuropsychological and cognitive tests and subjective age was measured at various time points...
March 10, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280400/telemedicine-delivery-of-patient-education-in-remote-ontario-communities-feasibility-of-an-advanced-clinician-practitioner-in-arthritis-care-acpac-led-inflammatory-arthritis-education-program
#19
Kelly Warmington, Carol Flewelling, Carol A Kennedy, Rachel Shupak, Angelo Papachristos, Caroline Jones, Denise Linton, Dorcas E Beaton, Sydney Lineker
OBJECTIVE: Telemedicine-based approaches to health care service delivery improve access to care. It was recognized that adults with inflammatory arthritis (IA) living in remote areas had limited access to patient education and could benefit from the 1-day Prescription for Education (RxEd) program. The program was delivered by extended role practitioners with advanced training in arthritis care. Normally offered at one urban center, RxEd was adapted for videoconference delivery through two educator development workshops that addressed telemedicine and adult education best practices...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276135/-seeking-authorization-a-grounded-theory-exploration-of-mentors-experiences-of-assessing-nursing-students-on-the-borderline-of-achievement-of-competence-in-clinical-practice
#20
Simon Cassidy, Michael Coffey, Fiona Murphy
AIM: To develop a substantive theoretical explanation of how mentors make sense of their experiences where nursing students are on the borderline of achievement of competence in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The reluctance of registered nurse mentors to fail nursing students in clinical practice despite concerns about competence remains a contemporary issue in international healthcare education. Mentors' assessment decisions have considerable impact for a variety of key stakeholders, not least for students in these circumstances...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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