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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152894/toward-a-comprehensive-theoretical-model-of-compassion-fatigue-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Siedine K Coetzee, Heather K S Laschinger
This study was an integrative literature review in relation to compassion fatigue models, appraising these models, and developing a comprehensive theoretical model of compassion fatigue. A systematic search on PubMed, EbscoHost (Academic Search Premier, E-Journals, Medline, PsycINFO, Health Source Nursing/Academic Edition, CINAHL, MasterFILE Premier and Health Source Consumer Edition), gray literature, and manual searches of included reference lists was conducted in 2016. The studies (n = 11) were analyzed, and the strengths and limitations of the compassion fatigue models identified...
November 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151108/a-phenomenological-account-of-sensorimotor-difficulties-in-autism-intentionality-movement-and-proprioception
#2
Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149078/comfort-energy-efficiency-and-adoption-of-personal-cooling-systems-in-warm-environments-a-field-experimental-study
#3
Yingdong He, Nianping Li, Xiang Wang, Meiling He, De He
It is well known that personal cooling improves thermal comfort and save energy. This study aims to: (1) compare different personal cooling systems and (2) understand what influences users' willingness to adopt them. A series of experiments on several types of personal cooling systems, which included physical measurements, questionnaires and feedback, was conducted in a real office environment. The obtained results showed that personal cooling improved comfort of participants in warm environments. Then an improved index was proposed and used to compare different types of personal cooling systems in terms of comfort and energy efficiency simultaneously...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148073/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-voices-sf-questionnaire-for-evaluation-of-end-of-life-care-in-sweden
#4
Anna O'Sullivan, Joakim Öhlen, Anette Alvariza, Cecilia Håkanson
OBJECTIVES: Instruments for evaluating end-of-life care by voicing experiences of family members have previously been lacking in Sweden. The objective of this study was therefore to adapt and validate the VOICES (SF) questionnaire to evaluate quality of end-of-life care in Sweden. The VOICES (SF) [Views of Informal Carers - Evaluation of Services (Short form)] is a questionnaire about bereaved relatives' experiences of care in the last three months of life of a deceased family member...
November 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141808/what-should-a-person-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-know-focus-group-and-survey-data-of-a-risk-knowledge-questionnaire-rikno-2-0
#5
C Heesen, J Pöttgen, A C Rahn, K Liethmann, J Kasper, L Vahter, J Drulovic, A Van Nunen, D Wilkie, Y Beckmann, F Paul, S Köpke, A Giordano, A Solari
BACKGROUND: Risk knowledge is relevant to make informed decisions in multiple sclerosis (MS). The risk knowledge questionnaire for relapsing-remitting MS (RIKNO 1.0) was developed and piloted in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To produce a revised RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire using mixed methodology in a European setting. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated in seven languages. MS patient and health professional (HP) expert feedback was obtained from Germany, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, and the UK...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140915/the-actual-versus-idealized-self-exploring-responses-to-feedback-about-implicit-bias-in-health-professionals
#6
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
PURPOSE: Implicit bias can adversely affect health disparities. The implicit association test (IAT) is a prompt to stimulate reflection; however, feedback about bias may trigger emotions that reduce the effectiveness of feedback interventions. Exploring how individuals process feedback about implicit bias may inform bias recognition and management curricula. The authors sought to explore how health professionals perceive the influence of the experience of taking the IAT and receiving their results...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138202/development-of-a-discussion-tool-to-enable-well-being-by-providing-choices-for-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study-incorporating-codesign-and-participatory-action-research
#7
Dianne Patricia Goeman, Marissa Dickins, Steve Iliffe, Dimity Pond, Fleur O'Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To codesign a discussion tool to facilitate negotiation of risk between health professionals, people with dementia and carers. METHODS: A qualitative approach using codesign. Thematic analysis was used to analyse interviews and focus groups with people with dementia, carers, healthcare staff and healthy older people exploring the issue of risk in dementia, the acceptability and development of a discussion tool. RESULTS: Sixty-one participants identified the breadth, depth and complexity of risk in dementia care and the need for individualised solutions...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137515/choosing-wisely-campaign-valuable-for-providers-who-knew-about-it-but-awareness-remained-constant-2014-17
#8
Carrie H Colla, Alexander J Mainor
Together with physician specialty societies, the Choosing Wisely® campaign has codified recommendations of which health care services' use should be questioned and discussed with patients. The ABIM Foundation administered surveys in 2014 and 2017 to examine physicians' attitudes toward and awareness of the use of low-value care. The surveys included questions on the factors driving that use, physicians' comfort in having conversations with patients about that use, and physicians' exposure to the Choosing Wisely campaign...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137057/readability-of-internet-sourced-patient-education-material-related-to-labour-analgesia
#9
Nilay Boztas, Dilek Omur, Sule Ozbılgın, Gözde Altuntas, Ersan Piskin, Sevda Ozkardesler, Volkan Hanci
We evaluated the readability of Internet-sourced patient education materials (PEMs) related to "labour analgesia." In addition to assessing the readability of websites, we aimed to compare commercial, personal, and academic websites.We used the most popular search engine (http://www.google.com) in our study. The first 100 websites in English that resulted from a search for the key words "labour analgesia" were scanned. Websites that were not in English, graphs, pictures, videos, tables, figures and list formats in the text, all punctuation, the number of words in the text is less than 100 words, feedback forms not related to education, (Uniform Resource Locator) URL websites, author information, references, legal disclaimers, and addresses and telephone numbers were excluded...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132497/from-micro-to-macro-assessing-implementation-of-integrated-care-in-australia
#10
Lisa Angus, Pim P Valentijn
Many countries and health systems are pursuing integrated care as a means of achieving better outcomes. However, no standard approaches exist for comparing integration approaches across models or settings, and for evaluating whether the key components of integrated care are present in different initiatives. This study sheds light on how integrated care is being implemented in Australia, using a new tool to characterise and compare integration strategies at micro, meso and macro levels. In total, 114 staff from a purposive sample of 38 integrated care projects completed a survey based on the Rainbow Model of Integrated Care...
November 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129192/healthcall-delivered-via-smartphone-to-reduce-co-occurring-drug-and-alcohol-use-in-hiv-infected-adults-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#11
Efrat Aharonovich, Malka Stohl, Daniela Cannizzaro, Deborah Hasin
AIMS: Co-occurrence of drug and alcohol use among people living with HIV is linked to poor medication adherence and lack of viral suppression. HealthCall, a technological enhancement of brief Motivational Interviewing (MI), involves brief daily self-monitoring, positive reinforcement, and personalized feedback. This randomized pilot study among people living with HIV investigated the feasibility and efficacy of reducing non-injection drug and alcohol use with MI+HealthCall as adapted for smartphone technology...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128712/the-impact-of-a-brief-cessation-induction-intervention-for-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Eleanor L S Leavens, Ellen Meier, Alayna P Tackett, Mary Beth Miller, Noor N Tahirkheli, Emma I Brett, Dana M Carroll, Leslie M Driskill, Michael P Anderson, Theodore L Wagener
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (WP) tobacco smoking delivers many of the same harmful toxicants as cigarette smoking and is on the rise in the US. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a brief personalized feedback intervention in affecting changes in WP smoking among current WP smokers. METHODS: Participants (N=109) were recruited as they entered WP lounges and completed a questionnaire and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) testing before entering the WP lounge...
October 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126437/framing-the-conversation-use-of-precis-2-ratings-to-advance-understanding-of-pragmatic-trial-design-domains
#13
Paula Darby Lipman, Kirsty Loudon, Leanora Dluzak, Rachael Moloney, Donna Messner, Catherine M Stoney
BACKGROUND: There continues to be debate about what constitutes a pragmatic trial and how it is distinguished from more traditional explanatory trials. The NIH Pragmatic Trials Collaborative Project, which includes five trials and a coordinating unit, has adopted the Pragmatic-Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary (PRECIS-2) instrument. The purpose of the study was to collect PRECIS-2 ratings at two points in time to assess whether the tool was sensitive to change in trial design, and to explore with investigators the rationale for rating shifts...
November 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126058/empowering-clinical-supervisors-to-flourish-though-critical-companionship
#14
Maria Mackay, Moira Stephens, Siobhan Wragg, Saskia Ebejer, Sharon Bourgeois
Education for professional nursing practice has undergone a significant shift over the last few decades impacting nursing practice and the relationship between nurses. Enhancing professional practice and acting as a conduit for empowering nurses to be active participants in their learning and development is Practice Development. This action research project with philosophical premises of critical companionship and human flourishing aimed to develop the knowledge and skills of registered nurses in their ability to provide clinical supervision of nursing students in practice...
October 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125697/vocal-fold-augmentation-under-local-anesthesia-using-autologous-fascia
#15
Teemu J Kinnari, Petra Pietarinen, Ahmed Geneid
Vocal fold augmentation by injection of autologous fascia has been used since the 1990s with excellent safety record in 500 operations done under general anaesthesia. It is safe from risks arising from allergic or other foreign body adverse reactions. Fascia provides long-term augmentation and remains stable 3-10 years after injection. Vocal fold augmentation under local anaesthesia is excellent alternative for those unfit for general anaesthesia, providing aid to fragile and weak persons with vocal fold paralysis...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123361/personalized-learning-in-medical-education-designing-a-user-interface-for-a-dynamic-haptic-robotic-trainer-for-central-venous-catheterization
#16
Mary Yovanoff, David Pepley, Katelin Mirkin, Jason Moore, David Han, Scarlett Miller
While Virtual Reality (VR) has emerged as a viable method for training new medical residents, it has not yet reached all areas of training. One area lacking such development is surgical residency programs where there are large learning curves associated with skill development. In order to address this gap, a Dynamic Haptic Robotic Trainer (DHRT) was developed to help train surgical residents in the placement of ultrasound guided Internal Jugular Central Venous Catheters and to incorporate personalized learning...
September 2017: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society ... Annual Meeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122001/development-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-people-following-mental-health-crisis
#17
Alyssa Milton, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Kate Fullarton, Nicola Morant, Bethan Paterson, David Hindle, Kathleen Kelly, Oliver Mason, Marissa Lambert, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: A documented gap in support exists for service users following discharge from acute mental health services, and structured interventions to reduce relapse are rarely provided. Peer-facilitated self-management interventions have potential to meet this need, but evidence for their effectiveness is limited. This paper describes the development of a peer-provided self-management intervention for mental health service users following discharge from crisis resolution teams (CRTs)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121943/managing-intra-eu-mobility-do-who-principles-of-ethical-recruitment-have-relevance
#18
Réka Kovács, Edmond Girasek, Eszter Kovács, Zoltán Aszalós, Edit Eke, Károly Ragány, Zoltán Cserháti, Miklós Szócska
BACKGROUND: The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel provides for guidance in health workforce management and cooperation in the international context. This article aims to examine whether the principles of the voluntary WHO Global Code of Practice can be applied to trigger health policy decisions within the EU zone of free movement of persons. METHODS: In the framework of the Joint Action on European Health Workforce Planning and Forecasting project (Grant Agreement: JA EUHWF 20122201 (see healthworkforce...
November 9, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118963/leveraging-multiactions-to-improve-medical-personalized-ranking-for-collaborative-filtering
#19
Shan Gao, Guibing Guo, Runzhi Li, Zongmin Wang
Nowadays, providing high-quality recommendation services to users is an essential component in web applications, including shopping, making friends, and healthcare. This can be regarded either as a problem of estimating users' preference by exploiting explicit feedbacks (numerical ratings), or as a problem of collaborative ranking with implicit feedback (e.g., purchases, views, and clicks). Previous works for solving this issue include pointwise regression methods and pairwise ranking methods. The emerging healthcare websites and online medical databases impose a new challenge for medical service recommendation...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117928/brain-activation-in-response-to-personalized-behavioral-and-physiological-feedback-from-self-monitoring-technology-pilot-study
#20
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Andrew P Kingsnorth, Daniele Magistro, Dale W Esliger
BACKGROUND: The recent surge in commercially available wearable technology has allowed real-time self-monitoring of behavior (eg, physical activity) and physiology (eg, glucose levels). However, there is limited neuroimaging work (ie, functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) to identify how people's brains respond to receiving this personalized health feedback and how this impacts subsequent behavior. OBJECTIVE: Identify regions of the brain activated and examine associations between activation and behavior...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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