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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786958/variability-in-student-perceptions-of-mistreatment
#1
Samantha Ellis, Joel Purkiss, Emily Abdoler, Amanda Opaskar, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Joseph C Kolars, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: As medical schools strive to improve the learning environment, it is important to understand medical students' perceptions of mistreatment. The purpose of this study was to explore student interpretations of previously reported mistreatment incidents to better understand how they conceptualise the interactions. METHODS: Medical students were presented with case scenarios of previously reported instances of mistreatment and asked to indicate their agreement as to whether the scenarios demonstrated mistreatment, using a five-point Likert scale (1, strongly disagree; 5, strongly agree)...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785174/communication-in-mental-health-nursing-bachelor-students-appraisal-of-a-blended-learning-training-programme-an-exploratory-study
#2
Merete Furnes, Kari Sofie Kvaal, Sevald Høye
Background: It is important that mental health nursing students at Bachelor level obtain effective communication skills. Many students dread the fact that in the mental health field they will encounter patients and relatives with various backgrounds and personalities. Large classes and limited teaching resources in nursing education are challenging. To prepare students for mental health nursing practice, a communication skills course based on the blended learning method was developed and carried out at two different campuses...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782516/how-a-smiley-protects-health-a-pilot-intervention-to-improve-hand-hygiene-in-hospitals-by-activating-injunctive-norms-through-emoticons
#3
Susanne Gaube, Dimitrios Tsivrikos, Daniel Dollinger, Eva Lermer
Hand hygiene practice in hospitals is unfortunately still widely insufficient, even though it is known that transmitting pathogens via hands is the leading cause of healthcare-associated infections. Previous research has shown that improving knowledge, providing feedback on past behaviour and targeting social norms are promising approaches to improve hand hygiene practices. The present field experiment was designed to direct people on when to perform hand hygiene and prevent forgetfulness. This intervention is the first to examine the effect of inducing injunctive social norms via an emoticon-based feedback system on hand hygiene behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780482/an-exploration-of-nucleic-acid-liquid-biopsy-using-a-glucose-meter
#4
Yu Gu, Ting-Ting Zhang, Zhi-Feng Huang, Shan-Wen Hu, Wei Zhao, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
The development of non-invasive techniques for the diagnosis of cancer, characterization of mutation and monitoring treatment response could greatly reduce the morbidity and mortality caused by cancer. Nevertheless, the extremely low amount of cell free nucleic acids makes liquid biopsy a very challenging task. Herein, taking advantage of the pocket size, reliable quantitative results and simple operation of the pocket-sized personal glucose meter (PGM), we report an approach of circulating microRNA-21 (miR-21) detection with high precision and low cost...
April 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780330/application-of-feedback-system-control-optimization-technique-in-combined-use-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-and-herbal-medicines
#5
Wang Liu, Yu-Long Li, Mu-Ting Feng, Yu-Wei Zhao, Xianting Ding, Ben He, Xuan Liu
Aim: Combined use of herbal medicines in patients underwent dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) might cause bleeding or thrombosis because herbal medicines with anti-platelet activities may exhibit interactions with DAPT. In this study, we tried to use a feedback system control (FSC) optimization technique to optimize dose strategy and clarify possible interactions in combined use of DAPT and herbal medicines. Methods: Herbal medicines with reported anti-platelet activities were selected by searching related references in Pubmed...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777318/toward-an-emerging-role-for-motivational-interviewing-in-primary-care
#6
REVIEW
Robert Keeley, Matthew Engel, Alex Reed, David Brody, Brian L Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care. RECENT FINDINGS: Two trials of MI training combined classroom time with ongoing coaching and feedback, resulting in enhanced MI ability relative to a control arm where PCPs received minimal or no MI training...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#7
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772818/integrated-method-for-personal-thermal-comfort-assessment-and-optimization-through-users-feedback-iot-and-machine-learning-a-case-study-%C3%A2
#8
Francesco Salamone, Lorenzo Belussi, Cristian Currò, Ludovico Danza, Matteo Ghellere, Giulia Guazzi, Bruno Lenzi, Valentino Megale, Italo Meroni
Thermal comfort has become a topic issue in building performance assessment as well as energy efficiency. Three methods are mainly recognized for its assessment. Two of them based on standardized methodologies, face the problem by considering the indoor environment in steady-state conditions (PMV and PPD) and users as active subjects whose thermal perception is influenced by outdoor climatic conditions (adaptive approach). The latter method is the starting point to investigate thermal comfort from an overall perspective by considering endogenous variables besides the traditional physical and environmental ones...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772496/vibrotactile-feedback-alters-dynamics-of-static-postural-control-in-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-but-not-older-adults-at-high-fall-risk
#9
Carleigh M High, Hannah F McHugh, Stephen C Mills, Shinichi Amano, Jane E Freund, Srikant Vallabhajosula
BACKGROUND: Aging and Parkinson's disease are often associated with impaired postural control. Providing extrinsic feedback via vibrotactile sensation could supplement intrinsic feedback to maintain postural control. RESEARCH QUESTION: We investigated the postural control response to vibrotactile feedback provided at the trunk during challenging stance conditions in older adults at high fall risk and individuals with Parkinson's disease compared to healthy older adults...
May 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770320/evaluation-of-a-residential-mental-health-recovery-service-in-north-queensland
#10
REVIEW
Marion Heyeres, Irina Kinchin, Elise Whatley, Lisa Brophy, Jon Jago, Thomas Wintzloff, Steve Morton, Vinitta Mosby, Narayan Gopalkrishnan, Komla Tsey
Background: Evidence shows that subacute mental health recovery occurs best when a person remains active within the community and fulfils meaningful and satisfying roles of their choosing. Several residential care services that incorporate these values have been established in Australia and overseas. Aims: This study describes (a) the development of an evaluation framework for a new subacute residential mental health recovery service in regional Australia and (b) reports on the formative evaluation outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769306/first-person-gerg%C3%A5-szanda
#11
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Gergő Szanda is the first author on 'Mitochondrial cAMP exerts positive feedback on mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake via the recruitment of Epac1', published in Journal of Cell Science. Gergő is an assistant professor and leads a group at Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, investigating Ca2+ signaling and mitochondrial biology, and the role of endocannabinoids in metabolism...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769171/an-internet-resource-for-self-assessment-of-mental-health-and-health-behavior-development-and-implementation-of-the-self-assessment-kiosk
#12
Robert G Maunder, Jonathan J Hunter
BACKGROUND: Standardized measurement of physical and mental health is useful for identification of health problems. Personalized feedback of the results can influence health behavior, and treatment outcomes can be improved by monitoring feedback over time. However, few resources are available that are free for users, provide feedback from validated measurement instruments, and measure a wide range of health domains. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an internet self-assessment resource that fills the identified gap and collects data to generate and test hypotheses about health, to test its feasibility, and to describe the characteristics of its users...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768043/haptic-foot-pedal-influence-of-shoe-type-age-and-gender-on-subjective-pulse-perception
#13
Claudia Geitner, Stewart Birrell, Claudia Krehl, Paul Jennings
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the influence of shoe type (sneakers and safety boots), age, and gender on the perception of haptic pulse feedback provided by a prototype accelerator pedal in a running stationary vehicle. BACKGROUND: Haptic feedback can be a less distracting alternative to traditionally visual and auditory in-vehicle feedback. However, to be effective, the device delivering the haptic feedback needs to be in contact with the person. Factors such as shoe type vary naturally over the season and could render feedback that is perceived well in one situation, unnoticeable in another...
June 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764803/effectiveness-of-a-combined-web-based-and-ecological-momentary-intervention-for-incoming-first-year-university-students-protocol-for-a-3-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Benjamin C Riordan, Saleh Moradi, Kate B Carey, Tamlin S Conner, Kyungho Jang, Kelly E Reid, Damian Scarf
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among university students is common, and those who drink often choose to drink heavily (ie, 4 or more drinks per session for women or 5 or more for men). Web-based interventions (WBIs), in which students complete assessments and receive personalized feedback about their alcohol use, and ecological momentary interventions (EMIs), which use mobile devices as a method of delivering intervention information, are 2 methods that have had some success in reducing alcohol use among university students...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764798/development-of-a-web-portal-for-physical-activity-and-symptom-tracking-in-oncology-patients-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Michael Marthick, Haryana M Dhillon, Jennifer A Alison, Birinder S Cheema, Tim Shaw
BACKGROUND: Significant benefits accrue from increasing physical activity levels in people with a history of cancer. Physical activity levels can be increased using behavioral change interventions in this population. Access to Web portals and provision of activity monitors to provide feedback may support behavior change by encouraging patient engagement in physical therapy. The Web portal evaluated in this study will provide a system to monitor physical activity and sleep, for use by both clinician and patient, along with symptom and health-related quality of life tracking capabilities...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761024/relationships-between-activity-and-well-being-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Felicitas Ehlen, Katharina Schindlbeck, Lisa Nobis, André Maier, Fabian Klostermann
Objectives: The complex symptomatology of Parkinson' disease (PD) usually goes along with reduced physical activity. Previous studies have indicated positive effects of activating therapies on patients' well-being. This study, therefore, examined how activity in daily life is related to patients' subjective condition. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one PD patients rated their condition every two hours during two routine days and documented the duration and type of their activities (based on the PRISCUS-Physical Activity Questionnaire) during the respective time intervals...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760144/personalizing-polymyxin-b-dosing-using-an-adaptive-feedback-control-algorithm
#17
Elizabeth A Lakota, Cornelia B Landersdorfer, Roger L Nation, Jian Li, Keith S Kaye, Gauri G Rao, Alan Forrest
Polymyxin B is used as an antibiotic of last resort for patients with multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections; however, it carries a significant risk of nephrotoxicity. Herein we present a polymyxin B therapeutic window based on target area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) values and an adaptive feedback control algorithm (algorithm) which allows for the personalization of polymyxin B dosing. The upper bound of this therapeutic window was determined through a pharmacometric meta-analysis of polymyxin B nephrotoxicity data, and the lower bound was derived from murine thigh-infection pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies...
May 14, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754597/re-wired-treatment-and-peer-support-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-use-methamphetamine
#18
Kent Burgess, Garth Parkhill, Jeremy Wiggins, Simon Ruth, Mark Stoovè
Background This paper examines a methamphetamine treatment and peer support program for gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) who use methamphetamine. Australian MSM use illicit drugs including methamphetamine at significantly higher rates than the broader community.1,2 Methamphetamine rates are higher again amongst HIV positive MSM. Methamphetamine in the MSM community is associated with sexual activity and may be associated with psychosocial harms including risk of the transmission of HIV and sexually transmissible infections...
April 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750202/-geriactive-wearable-app-for-monitoring-and-encouraging-physical-activity-among-older-adults
#19
George Boateng, John A Batsis, Patrick Proctor, Ryan Halter, David Kotz
The ability to monitor a person's level of daily activity can inform self-management of physical activity and assist in augmenting behavioral interventions. For older adults, the importance of regular physical activity is critical to reduce the risk of long-term disability. In this work, we present GeriActive , an application on the Amulet wrist-worn device that monitors in real time older adults' daily activity levels (low, moderate and vigorous), which we categorized using metabolic equivalents (METs). The app implements an activity-level detection model we developed using a linear Support Vector Machine (SVM)...
March 2018: ... International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747465/guiding-device-for-the-patellar-cut-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-design-and-validation
#20
Erica L Rex, Cinzia Gaudelli, Emmanuel M Illical, John Person, Karen C T Arlt, Barry Wylant, Carolyn Anglin
An incorrect cut of the patella (kneecap) during total knee arthroplasty, affects the thickness in different quadrants of the patella, leading to pain and poor function. Because of the disadvantages of existing devices, many surgeons choose to perform the cut freehand. Given this mistrust of existing devices, a quick, but accurate, method is needed that guides the cut, without constraining the surgeon. A novel device is described that allows the surgeon to mark a line at the desired cutting plane parallel to the front (anterior) surface using a cautery tool, remove the device, and then align the saw guide, reamer, or freehand saw with the marked line to cut the patella...
May 10, 2018: Bioengineering
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