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Capital humeral

Sue C Kaste, Brian M DeFeo, Michael D Neel, Kenneth S Weiss, Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Kiri K Ness
BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the hips and knees is an often debilitating adverse event in children treated with glucocorticoids for leukemia and lymphoma but the impact of shoulder involvement has been understudied. Thus, we investigated the severity and functional impairment of shoulder osteonecrosis in a well-characterized population of pediatric patients treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed orthopaedic clinic and physical therapy evaluations to determine range of motion (ROM), pain, and impact of magnetic resonance-defined osteonecrosis (ON) on activities of daily living...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Chang-Song Zhao, Xin Li, Qiang Zhang, Sheng Sun, Ru-Gang Zhao, Juan Cai
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have a high incidence of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective management of ONFH. However, little data exist regarding the use of THA for the HIV patients with ONFH in China. This study reviewed the outcomes of HIV-positive patients who underwent THA for ONFH, compared with HIV-negative individuals. METHODS: The patients who underwent THA for ONFH from September 2012 to September 2014 in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively studied...
August 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
James P Higgins, Heinz K Bürger
BACKGROUND: The medial and lateral femur provide a source of convex osteochondral vascularized bone. The medial trochlea has been demonstrated to have similar contour to the proximal scaphoid, lunate, and capitate. Other sites of osteochondral harvest such as the posteromedial femur and the lateral trochlea are similar in morphology to the humeral capitellum and medial talus, respectively. These analogous structures offer potential solutions to difficult articular problems. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent osteochondral reconstruction of the extremities were reviewed...
September 2014: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Bouh Abdi Khaireh, Sébastien Briolant, Aurélie Pascual, Madjid Mokrane, Vanessa Machault, Christelle Travaillé, Mohamed Abdi Khaireh, Ismail Hassan Farah, Habib Moussa Ali, Abdul-Ilah Ahmed Abdi, Souleiman Nour Ayeh, Houssein Youssouf Darar, Lénaïck Ollivier, Mohamed Killeh Waiss, Hervé Bogreau, Christophe Rogier, Bruno Pradines
BACKGROUND: Formerly known as a hypoendemic malaria country, the Republic of Djibouti declared the goal of pre-eliminating malaria in 2006. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax and mixed infections in the Djiboutian population by using serological tools and to identify potential determinants of the disease and hotspots of malaria transmission within the country. METHODS: The prevalence of P. falciparum and P...
2012: Malaria Journal
T Wirth
A slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is the most common disease of the hip among adolescents. In the light of our current knowledge on the development of coxarthrosis, it represents a first line model case that has led to a series of novel ideas in the therapy for SUFE. The development of coxarthrosis from a cam impingement, i.e., the loss of offset of the neck of the femur and degenerative damage to the acetabular lip as its early form, is seen again in the clinical picture of slipped upper femoral epiphysis...
August 2011: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Martin J Herman, James McCarthy, R Baxter Willis, Peter D Pizzutillo
Pediatric patients who require orthopaedic surgical emergency care are often treated by orthopaedic surgeons who primarily treat adult patients. Essential information is needed to safely evaluate and treat the most common surgical emergencies in pediatric patients, including hip fractures; supracondylar humeral, femoral, and tibial conditions of the hip (such as slipped capital femoral epiphysis and septic arthritis); and limb- and life-threatening pathologies, including compartment syndrome, the dysvascular limb, cervical spine trauma, and the polytraumatized child...
2011: Instructional Course Lectures
C Owen Lovejoy, Scott W Simpson, Tim D White, Berhane Asfaw, Gen Suwa
The Ardipithecus ramidus hand and wrist exhibit none of the derived mechanisms that restrict motion in extant great apes and are reminiscent of those of Miocene apes, such as Proconsul. The capitate head is more palmar than in all other known hominoids, permitting extreme midcarpal dorsiflexion. Ar. ramidus and all later hominids lack the carpometacarpal articular and ligamentous specializations of extant apes. Manual proportions are unlike those of any extant ape. Metacarpals 2 through 5 are relatively short, lacking any morphological traits associable with knuckle-walking...
October 2, 2009: Science
S Sellami, H Sahli, N Meddeb, S Hamza, M Chahed, R Ben M'Barek, B Zouari, F Ladab
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Osteoporotic fractures are an important public health problem due to significant morbidity and mortality and the socioeconomic burden. In Tunisia, the impact of such fractures is often underestimated due to lack of epidemiological data. We evaluated the prevalence of these fractures in a sample population at risk in order to better ascertain the amplitude of this problem in our country. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study involved 2,000 menopaused women aged 50 years or more...
September 2006: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
H Varlam, D St Antohe, Raluca Ozana Chistol
UNLABELLED: The authors present a case where the main variants of the humerus were associated on the same specimen: the supracondylar process and the supratrochlear foramen. The supracondylar process, a bony prominence situated on the anteromedial surface of the humerus in the vicinity of the medial epicondyle, could be at the origin of ulnar or median nerve and brachial artery compression syndromes, especially when associated with Struthers' ligament. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The anatomic specimen was discovered accidentally during a larger study aimed at establishing a current norma anatomica and morphometry of the humerus...
September 2005: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
Antonia T Tresoldi, Ricardo M Pereira, Lelma C Castro, Sumara Z P Rigatto, Vera M S Belangero
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of a child with paracoccidioidomycosis who presented hypercalcemia with multiple osteolytic lesions. DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old boy was admitted with a one-month history of fever and hepatosplenomegaly. On admission, he looked sick, pale, and had disseminated lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. The laboratory findings included anemia (hemoglobin = 6.8 g/dl), eosinophilia (1,222/mm3), thrombocytopenia (102,000/mm3), and hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin = 2...
July 2005: Jornal de Pediatria
B Bosch, G Bialik, V Bialik
A case of a spontaneous epiphyseal injury of the femoral neck in an 8-year-old boy is reported. The same boy had been seen 8 months before for a pathological fracture caused by a simple bone cyst of the femoral neck on the same side. At the second visit the boy showed spontaneous severe pain of the hip, and radiography was performed under the presumed diagnosis of a slipped capital femoral epiphysis. However, it demonstrated a separation through the growth plate cranially and a fracture through the metaphysis inferiorly, leading to the differential diagnosis of a Salter-Harris type II fracture despite a nontraumatic patient history...
September 2002: Der Orthopäde
D Togninalli, A Remiger
The aim of this retrospective study was the evaluation of three current medullary nailing techniques and their approach related problems in diaphyseal and proximal humeral fractures. 28 patients (15 female, mean age 65 y; 13 male, mean age 53 y) with either diaphyseal (n = 22) or proximal humeral (n = 6) fractures treated with different nailing systems were reviewed (mean follow up 18.3 months). Two main groups were formed according to the surgical approach: an anterograde nailing group (AN), stabilized with Seidel (Howmedica) nails (n = 12) versus a retrograde nailing group (RN) with either Prévot (Landos) nails (n = 7) or Hackethal (Ulrich) nails (n = 9)...
1998: Swiss Surgery, Schweizer Chirurgie, Chirurgie Suisse, Chirurgia Svizzera
P G Dalldorf, W J Bryan
The case of an adolescent Olympic-level gymnast with insidious onset shoulder pain is presented. Radiographic evaluation revealed bilateral physeal irregularities of the proximal humerus similar to those seen in Little Leaguer's shoulder. Roentgenograms of the involved shoulder also demonstrated Salter-Harris type I displacement at this physis and a slipped capital humeral epiphysis was diagnosed. A discussion reviewing proximal humeral physeal injury follows the case presentation.
June 1994: Orthopaedic Review
G M Fleischer, P Fröhlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1981: Beiträge Zur Orthopädie und Traumatologie
W Martin, H O Riddervold
Presented is a case demonstrating slipped capital femoral and capital humeral epiphyses. The physician should keep in mind not only that slipped capital femoral epiphyses may indicate renal osteodystrophy but that epiphysiolysis elsewhere is increasingly a recognized finding in this entity.
August 1980: Virginia Medical
B S Edeiken, H I Libshitz, M A Cohen
Slipped proximal humeral epiphyses as a sequela of radiotherapy were identified in two children treated for Ewing's sarcoma in whom the shoulder was included in the field of treatment. The radiation doses were slightly greater than those in children developing slipped capital femoral epiphyses following radiotherapy. The lesser stress about the shoulder compared to the hip is believed to be the reason this is an infrequent complication of radiotherapy.
1982: Skeletal Radiology
H Evrard, D Deltour, M Hubert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1982: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
V G Petrov, L V Rasskazov, E M Kiselev
Fracture of the humeral bone block can be recognized by a lateral rentgenogram. An abnormal ratio of bones in the joint is seen as an overlaping of the elbow bone metaphysis shadow upon the shadow of the capitate eminence of the humeral bone in the shape of a crescent.
July 1985: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
P Engelhardt, H Roesler
CT scans are proposed for the measurement of tibial, femoral and humeral torsion. The value of computerised tomography in the evaluation of slipped capital epiphysis is yet not discussed. Conventional roentgenographic studies have shown that the capital femoral epiphysis slips by rotating backwards. In a study of 5 cases with a right site slip of the capital femoral epiphysis of different extent a comparison of conventional radiography with CT-scan was undertaken. True lateral films of both hips were obtained at the same time when CT scan of the femoral head and the condylar region of the femur were performed...
March 1987: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Ihre Grenzgebiete
T Ia Iarashev
During the recent 21 years thirty one children have been observed with dislocations of the both forearm bones complicated by rupture of the capitate eminence. Closed reposition of the fragments has been performed in 23 children, in 8 children open reposition was followed by pin fixation with a thrust platform. The terms of fixation are dependent upon the patient's age and reposition quality. At an average they equaled 15-16 days in uncomplicated cases for patients aged 2-7 years, 17-18 days for 8-11 years-aged patients, 19 days for 12-14 years-aged patients...
April 1988: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
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