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Functional restoration for chronic pain and disability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581659/effects-of-stabilization-exercise-using-flexi-bar-on-functional-disability-and-transverse-abdominis-thickness-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#1
Sin Ho Chung, Young Youl You, Hyung Jin Lee, Sang Hyo Sim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises using flexi-bar (FB) on pain, functional disability, transverse abdominis muscle (TrA) activation capacity and thickness in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-seven patients were randomly assigned to an experimental (14 patients performing stabilization exercises with flexi-bar (FB)) or control (13 patients performing stabilization exercises) group. The patients in both groups then underwent stabilization exercises with or without FB 30 min/day, 3 times a week, for 6 weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547017/return-to-work-after-rehabilitation-in-chronic-low-back-pain-workers-does-the-interprofessional-collaboration-work
#2
Clotilde Michel, Vincent Guêné, Eliane Michon, Yves Roquelaure, Audrey Petit
The objective of this study was to assess the workplace information collected and shared between professionals of the centers and occupational health professionals during functional restoration programs intended to chronic low back pain patients. A descriptive study carried out by a questionnaire sent to the French rehabilitation centers offering a functional restoration program. Data collection focused on the kinds of professionals involved in programs, professionals who approach work issues, work analysis, social and occupational information collected, existence of a specific work rehabilitation program, frequency of and methods for sharing information with occupational health professionals...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405872/short-term-effects-of-kinesio-taping%C3%A2-on-electromyographic-characteristics-of-paraspinal-muscles-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation
#3
Marcin Grześkowiak, Zbigniew Krawiecki, Wojciech Łabędź, Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Jacek Lewandowski, Dawid Łochyński
CONTEXT: Kinesio taping® (KT) is a therapeutic modality frequently used in the clinical practice for the treatment of various musculoskeletal disorders. It is often applied in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) to decrease pain and improve functional capacity. However, it is not known, whether thoracolumbar fascia Kinesio Taping® (KT) technique can decrease back pain, restore normal activity of paraspinal muscles and improve functional capacity in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364754/effects-of-the-craniocervical-flexion-and-isometric-neck-exercise-compared-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
SinHo Chung, Yeon-Gyu Jeong
INTRODUCTION: The present study compared the effects of neck isometric exercise (NIE) and craniocervical flexion exercise (CFE) on cervical lordosis, muscle endurance of cervical flexion, neck disability index (NDI), and active cervical range of motion (ACROM) in all three planes in patients with non-specific, chronic neck pain (CNP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients from a university hospital-based rehabilitation center were randomly assigned to an experimental (22 patients performing CFE) or control (19 patients performing NIE) group...
January 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298304/the-vienna-psychosocial-assessment-procedure-for-bionic-reconstruction-in-patients-with-global-brachial-plexus-injuries
#5
Laura Antonia Hruby, Anna Pittermann, Agnes Sturma, Oskar Christian Aszmann
BACKGROUND: Global brachial plexopathies cause major sensory and motor deficits in the affected arm and hand. Many patients report of psychosocial consequences including chronic pain, decreased self-sufficiency, and poor body image. Bionic reconstruction, which includes the amputation and prosthetic replacement of the functionless limb, has been shown to restore hand function in patients where classic reconstructions have failed. Patient selection and psychological evaluation before such a life-changing procedure are crucial for optimal functional outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919191/benefits-of-the-restorative-exercise-and-strength-training-for-operational-resilience-and-excellence-yoga-program-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-service-members-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Krista Beth Highland, Audrey Schoomaker, Winifred Rojas, Josh Suen, Ambareen Ahmed, Zhiwei Zhang, Sarah Fink Carlin, Christian E Calilung, Michael Kent, Christin McDonough, Chester C Buckenmaier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an individualized yoga program. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Military medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=68) with chronic low back pain. INTERVENTIONS: Restorative Exercise and Strength Training for Operational Resilience and Excellence (RESTORE) program (9-12 individual yoga sessions) or treatment as usual (control) for an 8-week period...
January 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716108/esoteric-connective-tissue-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-functionality-and-general-well-being-compared-with-physiotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Christoph Schnelle, Steffen Messerschmidt, Eunice J Minford, Kate Greenaway-Twist, Maxine Szramka, Marianna Masiorski, Michelle Sheldrake, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes more global disability than any other condition. Once the acute pain becomes chronic, about two-thirds of sufferers will not fully recover after 1-2 years. There is a paucity of effective treatments for non-specific, chronic low back pain. It has been noted that low back pain is associated with changes in the connective tissue in the affected area, and a very low-impact treatment, Esoteric Connective Tissue Therapy (ECTT), has been developed to restore flexibility in connective tissue...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704626/the-effectiveness-of-neural-mobilization-for-neuromusculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Annalie Basson, Benita Olivier, Richard Ellis, Michel Coppieters, Aimee Stewart, Witness Mudzi
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Objectives To determine the efficacy of neural mobilization (NM) for musculoskeletal conditions with a neuropathic component. Background Neural mobilization, or neurodynamics, is a movement-based intervention aimed at restoring the homeostasis in and around the nervous system. The current level of evidence for NM is largely unknown. Methods A database search for randomized trials investigating the effect of NM on neuromusculoskeletal conditions was conducted, using standard methods for article identification, selection, and quality appraisal...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656659/multidisciplinary-biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-for-subacute-low-back-pain
#9
REVIEW
Teresa J Marin, Dwayne Van Eerd, Emma Irvin, Rachel Couban, Bart W Koes, Antti Malmivaara, Maurits W van Tulder, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is associated with enormous personal and societal burdens, especially when it reaches the chronic stage of the disorder (pain for a duration of more than three months). Indeed, individuals who reach the chronic stage tend to show a more persistent course, and they account for the majority of social and economic costs. As a result, there is increasing emphasis on the importance of intervening at the early stages of LBP.According to the biopsychosocial model, LBP is a condition best understood with reference to an interaction of physical, psychological, and social influences...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#10
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to central sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific central sensitivity syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of patients with chronic pain who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
December 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553139/periarticular-dextrose-prolotherapy-instead-of-intra-articular-injection-for-pain-and-functional-improvement-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#11
Zahra Rezasoltani, Mehrdad Taheri, Morteza Kazempour Mofrad, Seyed Amir Mohajerani
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that can lead to painful and dysfunctional joints. Prolotherapy involves using injections to produce functional restoration of the soft tissues of the joint. Intra-articular injections are controversial because of the introduction of needles into the articular capsule. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of periarticular versus intra-articular prolotherapy on pain and disability in patients with knee OA. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338573/a-machine-learning-based-surface-electromyography-topography-evaluation-for-prognostic-prediction-of-functional-restoration-rehabilitation-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#12
Naifu Jiang, Keith Dip-Kei Luk, Yong Hu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and applicability of support vector machine (SVM) algorithm in classifying patients with LBP who would obtain satisfactory or unsatisfactory progress after the functional restoration rehabilitation program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dynamic surface electromyography (SEMG) topography has demonstrated the potential use in predicting the prognosis of functional restoration rehabilitation for patients with low back pain (LBP)...
November 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328697/the-fear-avoidance-components-scale-facs-responsiveness-to-functional-restoration-treatment-in-a-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorder-cmpd-population
#13
Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Mark J Williams, Sali Asih, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Meredith M Hartzell, Robert J Gatchel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical validity and factor structure of the Fear-Avoidance Components Scale (FACS), a new fear-avoidance (FA) measure. METHODS: In this study, 426 chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder (CMPD) patients were admitted to a functional restoration program (FRP). They were categorized into five FACS severity levels, from Subclinical to Extreme, at admission, and again at discharge. Associations with objective lifting performance and other patient-reported psychosocial measures were determined at admission and discharge, and objective work outcomes for this predominantly disabled cohort, were assessed one-year later...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267103/psychosocial-factors-related-to-functional-restoration-treatment-completion-and-return-to-function-for-patients-with-chronic-disabling-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders
#14
Krista J Howard, Ricardo A Castaneda, Avia L Gray, Kelly B Haskard-Zolnierek, Krista Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and psychosocial variables associated with successful completion of a functional restoration program and return-to-function within 3 months of treatment completion. METHODS: Three hundred seven patients admitted to the functional restoration program were evaluated for completion status and 200 patients with valid data were assessed for 3-month return-to-function status following completion. Psychosocial and functional status was assessed at baseline...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224414/does-the-length-of-disability-between-injury-and-functional-restoration-program-entry-affect-treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-chronic-disabling-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders
#15
Sali Asih, Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
Purpose Functional restoration programs (FRPs), for patients with chronic disabling occupational musculoskeletal disorders (CDOMDs), have consistently demonstrated positive socioeconomic treatment outcomes, including decreased psychosocial distress and increased work return. The pre-treatment length of disability (LOD), or time between injury and treatment admission, has been shown to influence FRP work outcomes. Some studies have found that shorter LOD is associated with better work outcomes. However, few studies have actually examined cohorts with LOD duration longer than 18 months...
March 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917457/patient-reported-outcomes-pros-after-total-extraperitoneal-hernia-repair-tep
#16
E H H Mommers, D R M Hünen, J C H M van Hout, M Guit, J A Wegdam, S W Nienhuijs, T S de Vries Reilingh
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as quality of life (QoL), patient satisfaction, and work impairment, are arguably the most important outcomes of any medical treatment. In 2011, Staerkle and Villiger developed the Core Outcome Measurements Index (COMI) to standardise PROs and PRO measurement for inguinal hernia patients, in an attempt to increase inter-study comparability. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the short- and long-term postoperative QoL, function, patient well-being, pain, and social/work disability, after total extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair and to provide the first clinical experience with the COMI-hernia questionnaire...
February 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755205/lumbar-facet-resurfacing-first-experience-with-the-fenix-implant
#17
Erik V de Kelft
STUDY DESIGN: This is a feasibility study to confirm the design, patient population, and the surgical technique for FENIX implants. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the safety and the clinical and radiologic performance of bilaterally implanted FENIX facet resurfacing device. INTRODUCTION: Facet joint osteoarthritis is responsible for up to 30% of chronic low back pain. Arthroplasty is a surgical treatment option that aims to relieve pain while maintaining or restoring motion...
November 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609352/biotechnological-management-of-skin-burn-injuries-challenges-and-perspectives-in-wound-healing-and-sensory-recovery
#18
Dorothée Girard, Betty Laverdet, Virginie Buhé, Marina Trouillas, Kamélia Ghazi, Maïa M Alexaline, Christophe Egles, Laurent Misery, Bernard Coulomb, Jean-Jacques Lataillade, François Berthod, Alexis Desmoulière
Many wound management protocols have been developed to improve wound healing after burn with the primordial aim to restore the barrier function of the skin and also provide a better esthetic outcome. Autologous skin grafts remain the gold standard in the treatment of skin burn, but this treatment has its limitation especially for patients presenting limited donor sites due to extensive burn areas. Deep burn injuries also alter the integrity of skin-sensitive innervation and have an impact on patient's quality of life by compromising perceptions of touch, temperature, and pain...
February 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491326/complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#19
Maria GalveVilla, Bjarne Rittig-Rasmussen, Lene Moeller Schear Mikkelsen, Anne Groendahl Poulsen
INTRODUCTION: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition that can occur after a minor trauma or surgery. It is a multifactorial condition with a complex cause and even more complex pathophysiology. There are disturbances and changes in the sympathetic, somatosensory and motor nervous system, resulting in severe pain and disability. Patients with CRPS can have their quality of life and functional ability greatly affected and they need appropriate and interdisciplinary interventions...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417626/military-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-is-better-pain-management-the-answer
#20
Cindy A McGeary, Donald D McGeary, Jose Moreno, Robert J Gatchel
Chronic musculoskeletal pain, such as low back pain, often appears in the presence of psychiatric comorbidities (e.g., depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)), especially among U.S. military service members serving in the post-9/11 combat era. Although there has been much speculation about how to best address pain/trauma psychiatric symptom comorbidities, there are little available data to guide practice. The present study sought to examine how pre-treatment depression and PTSD influence outcomes in a functional restoration pain management program using secondary analysis of data from the Department of Defense-funded Functional and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Treatment (FORT) trial...
June 30, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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