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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155557/wearable-nanoplasmonic-patch-detecting-sun-uv-exposure
#1
Jessica G Barajas-Carmona, Leydi Francisco-Aldana, Eden Morales-Narváez
Sun exposure is known to yield beneficial health outcomes, including synthesis of adequate levels of vitamin D, beneficial modulation of blood pressure and is a valuable factor in mental health care. However, the increasing incidence of sun/UV exposure-related illness, such as skin cancer, is seriously concerning public health authorities as well as the scientific community. Consequently, moderate sun/UV exposure is strongly recommended. A wearable nanoplasmonic patch whose original color changes upon sun exposure due to its UV-responsive capabilities that are visually detectable has been engineered...
November 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155152/higher-prevalence-and-earlier-appearance-of-geriatric-phenotypes-in-old-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Marina Kotsani, Thekla Chatziadamidou, Dimitrios Economides, Athanase Benetos
AIMS: To compare the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction, depression, lower mobility performance, disability and falls in older community-dwelling individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in controls of similar age. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in primary health care settings in 3 semi-urban regions in Greece. Were assessed 403 community-dwelling older persons (age ≥65years, median: 73), 198 with and 205 without diabetes. Common geriatric syndromes were studied using structured individual interviews and widely-used screening scales...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154611/individual-and-systemic-barriers-to-health-care-perspectives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults
#3
Meghan Romanelli, Kimberly D Hudson
Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often been excluded...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154558/pilot-evaluation-of-a-resilience-training-program-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Kenneth I Pakenham, Matthew Mawdsley, Felicity L Brown, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and psychosocial outcomes of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based group resilience training program for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Research Method/Design: The study used a pre-post group intervention design with 3-month follow-up. The intervention consisted of 8 group sessions of 2.5 hours each with 7 weekly sessions plus a booster Session 5 weeks later. Thirty-seven PwMS completed questionnaires. Primary psychosocial outcomes were resilience, quality of life (QoL), and distress...
November 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154398/community-data-collection-with-children-of-mothers-living-with-hiv-boundaries-of-the-researcher-role
#5
Rebecca Hill LeCroix, Nada M Goodrum, Schell Hufstetler, Lisa P Armistead
The TRACK-II program is a multi-site, community-based randomized controlled trial evaluating an intervention to assist mothers living with HIV (MLH) in disclosing their HIV status to their young children. Many participants-both mothers and children-reported significant depression and/or suicidal ideation, a phenomenon that presented ethical challenges. This article focuses on participants at one site (Atlanta). Through the vignette of "Jordan," we describe ethical challenges that may arise when faced with the responsibility of maximizing participants' safety while maintaining the boundaries of the researcher role...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154395/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-after-release-from-prison-in-australia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Simon J Forsyth, Megan Carroll, Nicholas Lennox, Stuart A Kinner
AIMS: To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. SETTING: Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=1320) recruited in Queensland prisons within 6 weeks of expected release, between August 2008 and July 2010, followed for up to 4...
November 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154165/engagement-in-mobile-phone-app-for-self-monitoring-of-emotional-wellbeing-predicts-changes-in-mental-health-moodprism
#7
David Bakker, Nikki Rickard
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are being used increasingly for mental health purposes, but evidence of their efficacy remains limited. The mechanisms underlying any effects of such apps are also unclear. This study examined the effectiveness of a self-monitoring mobile phone app by investigating the relationships between app engagement and mental health outcomes. METHOD: Participants downloaded the MoodPrism app from the iOS and Android app stores, completing in-app assessments at start of use and again 30days later...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153315/what-are-the-keys-to-a-longer-happier-life-answers-from-five-decades-of-health-psychology-research
#8
Blair T Johnson, Rebecca L Acabchuk
RATIONALE: It has long been known that factors of the mind and of interpersonal relationships influence health, but it is only in the last 50 years that an independent scientific field of health psychology appeared, dedicated to understanding psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This article (a) reviews important research that answers the question of how human beings can have longer, happier lives; and (b) highlights trends in health psychology featuring articles in Social Science & Medicine as well as other related literature...
November 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153008/teaching-health-versus-treating-illness-the-efficacy-of-three-principles-correctional-counseling-with-people-in-an-english-prison
#9
Thomas M Kelley, Jacqueline Hollows, Eric G Lambert, Dennis M Savard, Jack Pransky
Three principles correctional counseling (3PCC) posits that people in prison have inner mental health they have obscured to varying degrees with their own thinking. 3PCC further posits that people in prison can rekindle and sustain this inner health via understanding how three psychospiritual principles-Universal Mind, consciousness, and thought-coalesce to form people's psychological experience. We review the three principles and explain how exposure to these principles can lead to improved mental health and improved behavior...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151851/participation-in-mental-healthcare-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Norman J Stomski, Paul Morrison
Background: Facilitation of service user participation in the co-production of mental healthcare planning and service delivery is an integral component of contemporary mental health policy and clinical guidelines. However, many service users continue to experience exclusion from the planning of their care. This review synthesizes qualitative research about participation in mental healthcare and articulates essential processes that enable service user participation in mental health care...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151846/examining-ethnic-disparities-in-provider-and-parent-in-session-participation-engagement
#11
Kelsey S Dickson, Sasha M Zeedyk, Jonathan Martinez, Rachel Haine-Schlagel
Purpose: Well-documented ethnic disparities exist in the identification and provision of quality services among children receiving community-based mental health services. These disparities extend to parent treatment engagement, an important component of effective mental health services. Currently, little is known about differences in how providers support parents' participation in treatment and the degree to which parents actively participate in it. The purpose of this paper is to examine potential differences in both provider and parent in-session participation behaviours...
2017: Journal of Children's Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151561/-effects-of-a-positive-psychotherapy-program-on-positive-affect-interpersonal-relations-resilience-and-mental-health-recovery-in-community-dwelling-people-with-schizophrenia
#12
Jinhee Kim, Hyunjoo Na
PURPOSE: Recently, the interest in positive psychotherapy is growing, which can help to encourage positive relationships and develop strengths of people. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a positive psychotherapy program on positive affect, interpersonal relations, resilience, and mental health recovery in community-dwelling people with schizophrenia. METHODS: The research was conducted using a randomized control group pretest-posttest design...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148336/predictors-of-medication-adherence-in-the-elderly-the-role-of-mental-health
#13
Jo E Rodgers, Emily M Thudium, Hadi Beyhaghi, Carla A Sueta, Khalid A Alburikan, Anna M Kucharska-Newton, Patricia P Chang, Sally C Stearns
The aging population routinely has comorbid conditions requiring complicated medication regimens, yet nonadherence can preclude optimal outcomes. This study explored the association of adherence in the elderly with demographic, socioeconomic, and disease burden measures. Data were from the fifth visit (2011-2013) for 6,538 participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, conducted in four communities. The Morisky-Green-Levine Scale measured self-reported adherence. Forty percent of respondents indicated some nonadherence, primarily due to poor memory...
March 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#14
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147058/volunteer-provision-of-long-term-care-for-older-people-in-thailand-and-costa-rica
#15
Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Anne Margriet Pot, Siriphan Sasat, Fernando Morales-Martinez
Problem: Demand for long-term care services for older people is increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. Countries need to establish national long-term care systems that are sustainable and equitable. Approach: The Governments of Costa Rica and Thailand have implemented broadly comparable interventions to deploy volunteers in long-term home care. Both countries trained older volunteers from local communities to make home visits to impoverished and vulnerable older people and to facilitate access to health services and other social services...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#16
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145792/evaluating-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-local-psycho-educational-intervention-for-pregnant-women-with-common-mental-problems-affected-by-armed-conflict-in-swat-pakistan-a-parallel-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#17
Muhammad Naseem Khan, Mukesh Dherani, Anna Chiumento, Najia Atif, Katie Bristow, Siham Sikander, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The current research was conducted in the Swat valley, where widespread conflict and militancy had been experienced prior to the field activities. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a locally developed psycho-educational intervention. METHODS: This mixed-methods study incorporated a quantitative and qualitative component. For the quantitative component, trial participants were identified from a cross-sectional study conducted in the earlier phase of the research, with Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) score of ≥9...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145772/do-primary-care-physicians-help-the-bereaved-with-their-suicide-losses-loss-survivor-perceptions-of-helpfulness-from-physicians
#18
William Feigelman, Rebecca L Sanford, Julie Cerel
Several previous studies suggested that primary care physicians can provide important bereavement assistance to survivors of suicide, yet no study has investigated whether suicide-bereaved patients perceive their physicians as helpful. Contacting bereavement communities on social media, we collected online survey data from 146 bereaved respondents reporting suicides causing them severe emotional distress. Data analysis suggested that nearly half (48%) of the respondents encountered positive, help-offering responses from physicians, compared to 10% whose responses were deemed as negative...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145715/effect-of-social-support-and-disclosure-of-child-abuse-on-adult-suicidal-ideation-findings-from-a-population-based-study
#19
Philip Baiden, Barbara Fallon, Kofi Antwi-Boasiako
Background: To examine the proportion of Canadian adults with a history of child abuse who disclosed the abuse to child protection services before age 16 years and identify the effect of social support and disclosure of child abuse on lifetime suicidal ideation. Methods: Data for this study came from the Statistics Canada 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (N = 9,076). Binary logistic regression was conducted to identify the effect of social support and disclosure of child abuse on suicidal ideation while simultaneously adjusting for the effect of type of child abuse and demographic, socioeconomic, health, and mental health factors...
November 16, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143910/the-effect-of-sms-text-message-reminders-on-attendance-at-a-community-adult-mental-health-service-clinic-do-sms-reminders-really-increase-attendance
#20
Lucy Moran, Kieran O'Loughlin, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Non-attendance at outpatient clinics is common and costly. AIMS: This study aimed to determine if sending SMS ('short message service' or text message) reminders to patients before appointments reduced non-attendance. METHODS: We collected outpatient data at Ballyfermot and Lucan Community Adult Mental Health Service, Dublin, Ireland during 6-month periods (a) immediately prior to the introduction of SMS reminders for outpatient appointments; (b) immediately following the introduction of SMS reminders; and (c) two and a half years later...
November 16, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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