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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346678/case-study-of-an-adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#1
Maria M Quiñones, Judy Lombard-Newell, Daryl Sharp, Valerie Way, Wendi Cross
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed to decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes and promote weight loss in individuals at risk for diabetes. Individuals with serious mental illness have a greater risk for developing diabetes compared with the general population. In this article, the authors provide a detailed description of the adaptation process of the DPP for individuals with serious mental illness (DPP-SMI). The adaptation process was based on a cultural adaptation framework for modifying evidence-based interventions...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#2
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346190/why-don-t-hospitals-prioritize-substance-abuse-in-their-community-benefit-programming
#3
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Kelly Kelleher
The goal of this study was to understand whether Appalachian Ohio hospitals prioritized substance abuse in their IRS-mandated community health needs assessments (CHNAs) and if not, what factors were important in this decision. Analysis of CHNA reports from all 28 hospitals in the region supplemented interview data from in-depth phone interviews, with 17 participants tasked with overseeing CHNAs at 21 hospitals. The CHNA reports show that hospitals in this region prioritize substance abuse and mental health less often than access to care and obesity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345481/the-influence-of-low-barrier-and-voluntary-service-policies-on-survivor-empowerment-in-a-domestic-violence-housing-organization
#4
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341376/effects-of-playback-theatre-on-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-in-singapore-a-preliminary-study
#5
Krystal Shu Yi Chung, Eleena Shi Lynn Lee, Jia Qi Tan, Dylan Jin Hao Teo, Chris Ban Loong Lee, Sharifah Rose Ee, Sam Kim Yang Sim, Chew Sim Chee
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of Playback Theatre on older adults' cognitive function and well-being, specifically in the Singapore context. METHODS: Eighteen healthy older adults, older than 50 years of age, participated in the study. Due to practical limitations, a single-group pre-post study design was adopted. Participants completed the outcome measures before and after the training program. There were six weekly sessions in total (about 1...
January 17, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341329/violence-and-child-mental-health-in-brazil-the-itabora%C3%A3-youth-study-methods-and-findings
#6
I A Bordin, C S Duarte, W S Ribeiro, C S Paula, E S F Coutinho, A Sourander, J A Rønning
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a study design that could be useful in low-resource and violent urban settings and to estimate the prevalence of child violence exposure (at home, community, and school) and child mental health problems in a low-income medium-size city. METHODS: The Itaboraí Youth Study is a Norway-Brazil collaborative longitudinal study conducted in Itaboraí city (n = 1409, 6-15 year olds). A 3-stage probabilistic sampling plan (random selection of census units, eligible households, and target child) generated sampling weights that were used to obtain estimates of population prevalence rates...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340702/risk-and-protective-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-an-application-of-the-stress-process-model
#7
Mathew D Gayman, Ben Lennox Kail, Amy Spring, George R Greenidge
Objectives: This study employs the stress process model (SPM) to identify risk/protective factors for mental health among adult African American men. Method: Using a community-based sample of Miami, FL residents linked to neighborhood Census data, this study identifies risk/protective factors for depressive symptomatology using a sample of 248 adult African American men. Results: The stress process variables independently associated with depressive symptoms were family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors, and daily discrimination...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339565/a-home-visiting-parenting-program-and-child-obesity-a-randomized-trial
#8
Monica Roosa Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Margaret L Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C Mayes
BACKGROUND: Young children living in historically marginalized families are at risk for becoming adolescents with obesity and subsequently adults with increased obesity-related morbidities. These risks are particularly acute for Hispanic children. We hypothesized that the prevention-focused, socioecological approach of the "Minding the Baby" (MTB) home visiting program might decrease the rate of childhood overweight and obesity early in life. METHODS: This study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which we include data collected during 2 phases of the MTB randomized controlled trial...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338743/the-prospective-and-concurrent-effect-of-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-over-a-3%C3%A2-year-period
#9
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Mathieu F Bélanger
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether socioeconomic status influences health outcomes among older adults through its effect on physical activity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sex and neighborhood socio-economic status on the change in health related quality of life (HR-QOL) as a function of physical activity over a three-year period. METHODS: This cohort study included French-speaking community-dwelling older adults recruited in primary care practices in the province of Quebec and participating in the 'Étude sur la Santé des Ainés' (ESA)-Services study on the health of the elderly...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338723/preventing-suicidal-behaviours-with-a-multilevel-intervention-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Sunny Collings, Gabrielle Jenkin, James Stanley, Sarah McKenzie, Simon Hatcher
BACKGROUND: In the context of the recent surge in community based multilevel interventions for suicide prevention, all of which show promising results, we discuss the implications of the findings of such an intervention designed for and implemented in New Zealand. The multi-level intervention for suicide prevention in New Zealand (MISP-NZ) was a cluster randomised controlled community intervention trial involving eight hospital regions matched into four pairs and randomised to either the intervention or practice as usual (the control)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338318/perceptions-of-patient-provider-communication-and-receipt-of-mental-health-treatment-among-older-adults-with-depressive-symptoms
#11
Katherine L Nelson, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to: (1) determine if and how perceptions towards healthcare providers differ between older adults with and without clinically signifcant depressive symptoms (CSDS), and (2) assess whether perceptions towards providers are associated with receipt of mental health treatment among older adults with CSDS. METHODS: Data from the 2013 and 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were used to examine CSDS prevalence, receipt of mental health treatment, and perceptions of provider communication among community-dwelling adults ≥ age 65 (N = 6,936) using four of the 'How Well Doctors Communicate' composite items from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems(CAHPS)...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336633/the-relationship-between-asthma-and-depression-in-a-community-based-sample
#12
Mahima Akula, Alexandra Kulikova, David A Khan, E Sherwood Brown
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is an increasingly prevalent disease that is associated with substantial physical and financial burdens. Additionally, asthma is linked to psychiatric disorders. This study examines the relationship between asthma diagnosis, current depressive symptoms, and lifetime psychiatric disorder history in a large, community-based sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2168 participants in the Dallas Heart Study, a large, diverse, community-based sample of people designed to be representative of the Dallas County population...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336608/prevalence-of-frailty-and-its-association-with-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-in-singapore
#13
Lixia Ge, Chun Wei Yap, Bee Hoon Heng
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to (1) estimate the prevalence of frailty among community-dwelling older adults , and (2) investigate the independent association between level of frailty and depressive symptoms. METHODS: A total of 721 older adults (aged 60 and above ) were included in this study. Severity of frailty was determined using the Clinical Frailty Scale and further classified into four levels (CFS1-3: F1, CFS4: F2, CFS5: F3, and CFS6-7: F4). The depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
January 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336604/family-functioning-and-mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-trans-teen-and-family-narratives-project
#14
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Diane Ehrensaft, Ralph Vetters, Michelle Forcier, S Bryn Austin
Transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGN) youth are at increased risk for adverse mental health outcomes, but better family functioning may be protective. This study describes TGN youth's mental health and associations with family functioning in a community-based sample. Participants were from 33 families (96 family members) and included 33 TGN youth, ages 13 to 17 years; 48 cisgender (non-transgender) caregivers; and 15 cisgender siblings. Participants completed a survey with measures of family functioning (family communication, family satisfaction) and mental health of TGN youth (suicidality, self-harm, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, resilience)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335473/mental-health-and-life-satisfaction-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-partners-5-years-after-discharge-from-first-inpatient-rehabilitation
#15
Eline W M Scholten, Maria E H Tromp, Chantal F Hillebregt, Sonja de Groot, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare mental health and life satisfaction between individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their partners 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation; and to examine if injury severity moderates the association between individuals' with SCI and their partners' mental health and life satisfaction. SETTING: Dutch community. METHODS: Sixty-five individuals with SCI and their partners completed a self-report questionnaire...
January 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#16
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335036/individuals-with-currently-untreated-mental-illness-causal-beliefs-and-readiness-to-seek-help
#17
S Stolzenburg, S Freitag, S Evans-Lacko, S Speerforck, S Schmidt, G Schomerus
AIMS: Many people with mental illness do not seek professional help. Beliefs about the causes of their current health problem seem relevant for initiating treatment. Our aim was to find out to what extent the perceived causes of current untreated mental health problems determine whether a person considers herself/himself as having a mental illness, perceives need for professional help and plans to seek help in the near future. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 207 untreated persons with a depressive syndrome, all fulfilling criteria for a current mental illness as confirmed with a structured diagnostic interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334876/three-nontraditional-approaches-to-improving-the-capacity-accessibility-and-quality-of-mental-health-services-an-overview
#18
Kiran L Grant, Magenta Bender Simmons, Christopher G Davey
To provide evidence for wider use of peer workers and other nonprofessionals, the authors examined three approaches to mental health service provision-peer support worker (PSW) programs, task shifting, and mental health first-aid and community advocacy organizations-summarizing their effectiveness, identifying similarities and differences, and highlighting opportunities for integration. Relevant articles obtained from PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar searches are discussed. Studies indicate that PSWs can achieve outcomes equal to or better than those achieved by nonpeer mental health professionals...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334874/a-comparison-of-collaborative-care-outcomes-in-two-health-care-systems-va-clinics-and-federally-qualified-health-centers
#19
Kathleen M Grubbs, John C Fortney, Jeffrey Pyne, Dinesh Mittal, John Ray, Teresa J Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Collaborative care for depression results in symptom reduction when compared with usual care. No studies have systematically compared collaborative care outcomes between veterans treated at Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics and civilians treated at publicly funded federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) after controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Data from two randomized controlled trials that used a similar collaborative care intervention for depression were combined to conduct post hoc analyses (N=759)...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#20
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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