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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528453/issues-of-aging-an-exploration-of-asian-american-families-in-the-southern-region-of-the-united-states-from-the-perspective-of-community-leaders
#1
Suzie S Weng
This paper focuses on older adults and the aging concerns of this population among groups of Asian American communities in a specific state in the southern region of the United States. A qualitative approach was used to gain a more in-depth understanding of issues related to aging from caregivers who are Asian American leaders from a community perspective. Areas of concern identified include intergenerational dynamics, physical and mental health concerns, and the need for a community center and living facility...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#2
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
May 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527644/conceptual-structure-of-health-related-quality-of-life-for-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-tbi-qol
#3
Mark Sherer, Julia Maria Paul Poritz, David Tulsky, Pamela Kisala, Luis Leon-Novelo, Esther Ngan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factor structure of the Traumatic Brain Injury - Quality of Life (TBI-QOL) measurement system. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: 3 TBI Model Systems rehabilitation centers in the US PARTICIPANTS: and Methods: 20 TBI-QOL item banks were administered to a sample of 504 community-dwelling adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as part of a study of TBI classification. A subsample of n=200 participants was randomly selected for exploratory factor analyses (EFA), while data from the remaining 304 participants were used for the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#4
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526480/human-seasonal-and-circadian-studies-in-antarctica-halley-75-0-s
#5
Josephine Arendt, Benita Middleton
Living for extended periods in Antarctica exposes base personnel to extremes of daylength (photoperiod) and temperature. At the British Antarctic Survey base of Halley, 75(0)S, the sun does not rise for 110 d in the winter and does not set for 100 d in summer. Photoperiod is the major time cue governing the timing of seasonal events such as reproduction in many species. The neuroendocrine signal providing photoperiodic information to body physiology is the duration of melatonin secretion which reflects the length of the night: longer in the short days of winter and shorter in summer...
May 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#6
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525433/further-reflections-on-recovery-oriented-mental-health-practice-in-a-community-care-unit-a-response
#7
Brian McKenna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525432/further-reflections-on-recovery-oriented-mental-health-practice-in-a-community-care-unit
#8
Stephen Parker, Dan Siskind, Carla Meurk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525398/likely-impact-of-the-un-convention-on-disability-on-mental-health-services
#9
Ina Jahn, Thomas Becker, Katarina Stengler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After a large majority of UN member states ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), this article aims to provide an overview of its implementation and possible effects in the area of mental health services in individual contract states. RECENT FINDINGS: This article looks at the implementation processes of the UNCRPD in individual industrialized, emerging and developing countries. In addition to changes in national legislation, potential influences on the supply and support systems for persons with mental illness are considered...
May 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521749/service-user-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-a-rural-african-setting-qualitative-study
#10
Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Daniel Alemayehu, Tigist Eshetu, Crick Lund, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: It is essential to involve service users in efforts to expand access to mental health care in integrated primary care settings in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is little evidence from LMICs to guide this process. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to, and facilitators of, service user/caregiver involvement in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of a scalable approach. METHODS: Thirty nine semi-structured interviews were carried out with purposively selected mental health service users (n = 13), caregivers (n = 10), heads of primary care facilities (n = 8) and policy makers/planners/service developers (n = 8)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517951/treatment-as-usual-therapy-targets-for-comorbid-youth-disproportionately-focus-on-externalizing-problems
#11
Matthew Milette-Winfree, Charles W Mueller
This study examined whether psychological treatment for youth with comorbid externalizing and internalizing disorders targets externalizing rather than internalizing pathology. Therapist-reported treatment targets for youth (N = 679) with (a) only internalizing diagnoses (n = 195); (b) only externalizing diagnoses (n = 314); (c) a primary internalizing diagnosis and at least 1 additional externalizing diagnosis (n = 75); and (d) a primary externalizing diagnosis and at least 1 additional internalizing diagnosis (n = 95) receiving treatment-as-usual in a public mental health system of care were examined...
May 18, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517948/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-cognitive-behavioral-skills-based-program-for-auditory-hallucinations-in-persons-with-psychosis
#12
Jennifer D Gottlieb, Vasudha Gidugu, Mihoko Maru, Miriam C Tepper, Matthew J Davis, Jennifer Greenwold, Ruth A Barron, Brian P Chiko, Kim T Mueser
OBJECTIVE: Despite strong evidence supporting the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp), most clinicians in the United States have received little or no training in the approach and access remains very low, indicating a potential role for technology in increasing access to this intervention. Coping With Voices (CWV) is a 10-session, interactive, Web-based CBTp skills program that was developed to meet this need, and was shown to be feasible and associated with reduced severity of auditory hallucinations in a previous pilot study...
May 18, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516480/development-and-feasibility-of-smartphone-application-for-cognitive-behavioural-case-management-of-individuals-with-early-psychosis
#13
Sung-Wan Kim, Ga-Young Lee, Hye-Young Yu, Eun-I Jung, Ju-Yeon Lee, Seon-Young Kim, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon
BACKGROUND: This article describes the development of the smartphone application for cognitive-behavioural case management of young individuals with early psychosis and examines the acceptance and potential clinical benefits of this application through a pilot survey. METHODS: Gwangju Bukgu-Community Mental Health Center developed and launched a smartphone application (Heal Your Mind [HYM]) for cognitive-behavioural case management and symptom monitoring. The HYM application for clients includes 6 main modules including thought record, symptom record, daily life record, official notices, communication and scales...
May 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515182/health-assets-in-older-age-a-systematic-review
#14
Yvonne Claire Hornby-Turner, Nancye May Peel, Ruth Eleanor Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Finding ways to optimise health in older age is key to reducing the impact of population ageing on health and social care systems. A salutogenic approach takes into account an individual's health assets-internal or external strengths or accessible resources which improve and preserve physical, social and mental wellness, independence and quality of life. The aim of this narrative systematic review was to provide a summary and appraisal of the evidence for factors that act as health assets within personal, social, economic and environmental domains...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#15
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513995/inner-strength-and-its-relationship-to-health-threats-in-ageing-a-cross-sectional-study-among-community-dwelling-older-women
#16
Erika Boman, Berit Lundman, Björn Nygren, Kristofer Årestedt, Regina Santamäki Fischer
AIM: To explore the relationship between inner strength and health threats among community-dwelling older women. BACKGROUND: Inner strength is described as a resource that promotes experiences of health, despite adversities. Inner strength and its dimensions (i.e. connectedness, creativity, firmness and flexibility) can be assessed using the Inner Strength Scale (ISS). Exploring attributes of weaker inner strength may yield valuable information about areas to focus on in enhancing a person's inner strength and may ultimately lead to the perception of better health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513348/measurement-invariance-between-genders-on-two-measures-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Amy Paggeot, Steven Huprich
Gender bias in the diagnosis and assessment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been the subject of much controversy in the psychological research literature. Evidence regarding differential prevalence rates and diagnostic rates in clinical settings between genders has been mixed, and measurement bias is one potential explanation for these mixed findings. A total of 340 participants were recruited from a Midwestern university and four outpatient community mental health clinics. They were administered two structured clinical interviews for BPD that were then evaluated for measurement invariance...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#18
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511141/the-co-occurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-self-care-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-diabetes
#19
Chia-Lin Li, Yi-Chen Chiu, Yuh-Bin Bai, Jen-Der Lin, Fiona Stanaway, Hsing-Yi Chang
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to investigate the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in community dwelling older adults with diabetes and its relationship with specific diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: We analyzed data from two national samples of older adults (65years or older) with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (N=1034), who participated in the 2005 or 2009 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511097/the-relationship-between-social-desirability-bias-and-self-reports-of-health-substance-use-and-social-network-factors-among-urban-substance-users-in-baltimore-maryland
#20
Carl A Latkin, Catie Edwards, Melissa A Davey-Rothwell, Karin E Tobin
BACKGROUND: Social desirability response bias may lead to inaccurate self-reports and erroneous study conclusions. The present study examined the relationship between social desirability response bias and self-reports of mental health, substance use, and social network factors among a community sample of inner-city substance users. METHODS: The study was conducted in a sample of 591 opiate and cocaine users in Baltimore, Maryland from 2009 to 2013. Modified items from the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale were included in the survey, which was conducted face-to-face and using Audio Computer Self Administering Interview (ACASI) methods...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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