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Disaster mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755045/building-resilience-after-disasters-through-the-youth-leadership-program-the-importance-of-community-and-academic-partnerships-on-youth-outcomes
#1
Howard Osofsky, Joy Osofsky, Tonya Hansel, Beverly Lawrason, Anthony Speier
BACKGROUND: The Youth Leadership Program (YLP) was created as a school community-university partnership after the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina. The YLP goal was to support youth and improve by engaging them in disaster recovery initiatives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the development of the St. Bernard Parish YLP and evaluate if the program was associated with increasing self-efficacy and decreasing trauma symptoms. Specifically, this study explored how a mental health intervention related to hurricane recovery influenced students' perceived ability to achieve goals, fostering post-disaster self-efficacy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#2
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754117/sleep-problems-six-months-after-continuous-earthquake-activity-in-a-greek-island
#3
H Lazaratou, Th Paparrigopoulos, Chr Anomitri, N Alexandropoulou, G Galanos, Ch Papageorgiou
Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are traumatic events causing both acute and enduring stress to affected individuals. Psychosocial consequences include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reactions of anxiety and depression and sleep problems. The island of Cephalonia in Ionian Sea is characterized by its high seismic activity. More specifically, this activity has been considered to be the highest of the Balkan Peninsula and Europe in general. In January and February of 2014 a long sequence of earthquakes, which included two main shocks of 6...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733669/suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-following-natural-disaster-the-role-of-prior-interpersonal-violence
#4
Kelly L Zuromski, Heidi Resnick, Matthew Price, Sandro Galea, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined variables, including prior traumatic events, disaster exposure, and current mental health symptomatology, associated with suicidal ideation following experience of a natural disaster. METHOD: Utilizing a sample of 2,000 adolescents exposed to the spring 2011 tornadoes in the areas surrounding Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, we hypothesized that prior interpersonal violence (IPV), more so than other prior traumatic events or other symptoms, would be associated with suicidal ideation after the disaster...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731481/-association-between-mild-physical-injury-and-psychological-distress-shichigahama-health-promotion-project
#5
Akira Narita, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Mana Kogure, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
Objective Although a number of previous studies have investigated the association between natural disaster-related physical injury and mental health, very few have focused on mild physical injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between natural disaster-related mild physical injury and psychological distress in a cross-sectional study.Method This study is a part of the Shichigahama Health Promotion Project, which was conducted in cooperation with the Tohoku University and Shichigahama Town, Miyagi Prefecture, after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE)...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708026/evacuation-of-swedish-survivors-after-the-2004-southeast-asian-tsunami-the-survivors-perspective-and-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress
#6
Ragnhildur Gudmundsdottir, Christina M Hultman, Unnur Valdimarsdottir
AIMS: Following the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami, Swedish authorities received public criticism for slow implementation of rescue work. Meanwhile, data are scarce on survivors' perspectives and potential mental health symptoms associated with timing of evacuation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate survivors' contentment with evacuation time and whether duration at disaster site following the 2004 tsunami was associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and psychological morbidity...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704903/when-natural-disaster-follows-economic-downturn-the-incremental-impact-of-multiple-stressor-events-on-trajectories-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Amar D Mandavia, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were incremental mental health impacts, specifically on depression trajectories, as a result of the 2008 economic crisis (the Great Recession) and subsequent Hurricane Sandy. METHOD: Using latent growth mixture modeling and the ORANJ BOWL dataset, we examined prospective trajectories of depression among older adults (mean age, 60.67; SD, 6.86) who were exposed to the 2 events. We also collected community economic and criminal justice data to examine their impact upon depression trajectories...
April 29, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668971/mental-health-of-nurses-after-the-fukushima-complex-disaster-a-narrative-review
#8
Hiroshi Nukui, Sanae Midorikawa, Michio Murakami, Masaharu Maeda, Akira Ohtsuru
Work-related mental health impairment is recognized as a real problem in the context of helping responders, including health professionals, due to adverse health outcomes after a severe disaster. The Great East-Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011, was an unprecedented complex disaster that caused a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). In addition to disaster stress and daily work, medical and health-care professionals, particularly nurses, provided counseling services to residents concerned about radiation health risks or mental health issues...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667736/commentary-advancing-an-implementation-science-agenda-on-mental-health-and-psychosocial-responses-in-war-affected-settings-comment-on-trials-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-affected-by-the-syrian-crisis-by-panter-brick-et-al-2018
#9
Theresa S Betancourt, Mina Fazel
Syria's civil conflict has created the largest humanitarian disaster of our time, causing massive population displacement, tremendous exposure to trauma, and loss. Advancing the mental health and psychosocial responses of war-affected populations both during acute humanitarian emergencies and in post-conflict transition is imperative in forging a constructive implementation agenda. This study makes an important contribution in building evidence toward effective interventions to advance the mental health and well-being of those affected by the Syrian crisis...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661500/severity-of-eczema-and-mental-health-problems-in-japanese-schoolchildren-the-tommo-child-health-study
#10
Yasutaka Kuniyoshi, Masahiro Kikuya, Masako Miyashita, Chizuru Yamanaka, Mami Ishikuro, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Naoki Nakaya, Fuji Nagami, Hiroaki Tomita, Atsushi Hozawa, Ichiro Tsuji, Shigeo Kure, Nobuo Yaegashi, Masayuki Yamamoto, Shinichi Kuriyama
BACKGROUND: The association between eczema and mental health problems in schoolchildren has been underexplored. We aimed to investigate this association with the validated questionnaires. METHODS: Of 46,648 invited children, we analyzed 9954 (21.3%) in the 2nd to the 8th grades from the ToMMo Child Health Study conducted in 2014 and 2015, a cross-sectional survey in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. We defined eczema status as "normal," "mild/moderate," or "severe," based on the presence of persistent flexural eczema and sleep disturbance, according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Eczema Symptom Questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658296/medical-and-health-surveillance-in-postaccident-recovery-experience-after-fukushima
#11
K Tanigawa
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred following the huge tsunami and earthquake of 11 March 2011. After the accident, there was considerable uncertainty and concern about the health effects of radiation. In this difficult situation, emergency responses, including large-scale evacuation, were implemented. The Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was initiated 3 months after the accident. The primary purposes of FHMS were to monitor the long-term health of residents, promote their well-being, and monitor any health effects related to long-term, low-dose radiation exposure...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648905/disaster-mental-health-counseling-responding-to-trauma-in-a-multicultural-context
#12
Lisa Ann Davenport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623240/rio-s-mountainous-region-regi%C3%A3-o-serrana-2011-landslides-impact-on-public-mental-health-system
#13
Marcelo Dell'Aringa, Otavio Ranzani, Joost Bierens, Virginia Murray
INTRODUCTION In January 2011 landslides and floods followed heavy rain in the Mountainous Region of Rio de Janeiro State ("Região Serrana"), in southeastern Brazil. These events led to the largest disaster registered in Brazilian recent history. Few studies addressed the impacts of this disaster on public health, and we found none addressing the impact on mental health. This study reviewed the consequences of the 2011 disaster in the "Região Serrana", by comparing the demand for public mental health assistance data from time periods before and after the even  METHODS  We performed an ecologic study, analysing the aggregate data from "Região Serrana" during the period two years before and after the disaster, exporting data from the Brazilian open access public health database...
January 25, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618266/suicide-rates-in-evacuation-areas-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-disaster
#14
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. AIM: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. METHOD: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring across-the-board, compulsory evacuation of residents from the entire or part of municipalities, were obtained and compared with the national average...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615937/reflecting-on-the-germanwings-disaster-a-systematic-review-of-depression-and-suicide-in-commercial-airline-pilots
#15
Terouz Pasha, Paul R A Stokes
Background: The 2015 Germanwings Flight 9525 disaster, in which 150 people were killed after the co-pilot may have intentionally crashed the plane in a suicide attempt, highlights the importance of better understanding the mental health of commercial airline pilots. However, there have been few systematic reviews investigating the topic of mental health in commercial aviation. This systematic review aims to identify the types and prevalence of mental health disorders that commercial airline pilots experience with a focus on mood disorders and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609982/sleep-disturbances-posttraumatic-stress-and-psychological-distress-among-survivors-of-the-2013-super-typhoon-haiyan
#16
Charlie E Labarda, Christian S Chan
Sleep disturbances and their relation with posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress were examined after the 2013 Super Typhoon Haiyan. Sleep disturbances were hypothesized to be associated with posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress in two samples of survivors across two time points (N = 361) in the Philippines. Sample 1 (n = 223) and Sample 2 (n = 138) were collected 18 months and 30 months after the storm, respectively. Results from structural regression modeling indicated that insomnia was associated with both posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601489/the-relationship-between-sleep-time-and-mental-health-problems-according-to-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-in-children-after-an-earthquake-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#17
Shuntaro Itagaki, Tetsuya Ohira, Masato Nagai, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Tetsuya Shiga, Itaru Miura, Hirooki Yabe
A cross-sectional study was performed on the adverse effects of sleep time on the mental health of children after the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear reactor accident in March 2011. The target participants were children aged 4-15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of 11 March 2011 ( n = 29,585). The participants' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and sleep time data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595567/integrating-climate-change-into-nursing-curricula
#18
Ruth McDermott-Levy, Kathryn P Jackman-Murphy, Jeanne M Leffers, Lisa Jordan
Climate change is a significant threat to human health across the life cycle. Nurses play an important role in mitigation, adaptation, and resilience to climate change. The use of health care resources, air quality and extreme heat, mental health, and natural disasters are major content areas across undergraduate nursing curricula that influence or are influenced by climate change. Teaching strategies and resources are offered to prepare nursing students to address climate change and human health.
March 28, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587893/public-health-and-mental-health-implications-of-environmentally-induced-forced-migration
#19
James M Shultz, Andreas Rechkemmer, Abha Rai, Katherine T McManus
ABSTRACTClimate change is increasingly forcing population displacement, better described by the phrase environmentally induced forced migration. Rising global temperatures, rising sea levels, increasing frequency and severity of natural disasters, and progressive depletion of life-sustaining resources are among the drivers that stimulate population mobility. Projections forecast that current trends will rapidly accelerate. This will lead to an estimated 200 million climate migrants by the year 2050 and create dangerous tipping points for public health and security...
March 28, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#20
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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