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Disaster mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539941/unresolved-bereavement-and-other-mental-health-problems-in-parents-of-the-sewol-ferry-accident-after-18-months
#1
Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, So Hee Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the overall mental health consequences of the bereaved parents after the Sewol ferry accident. METHODS: Eighty-four bereaved parents participated in the study. Self-report scales assessing the severity of psychiatric symptoms and other related psychosomatic problems were used at 18 months following the accident. Univariate descriptive statistics and regression analyses were performed to report the prevalence, severity, and correlates of psychiatric symptoms...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505500/increase-in-the-prescription-rate-of-antidepressants-after-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-ansan-south-korea
#3
Kyu-Man Han, Kyoung-Hoon Kim, Mikyung Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Young-Hoon Ko, Jong-Woo Paik
BACKGROUND: Previous pharmaco-epidemiological studies have reported increases in the prescription of psychotropic medications after a disaster, reflecting post-disaster changes in psychiatric conditions and mental health service utilization. We investigated changes in the prescription of psychotropic medications in the Danwon district of Ansan city (Ansan Danwon) compared to a control community before and after the Sewol Ferry disaster on April 16, 2014. METHODS: Data was collected from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502272/adverse-childhood-experiences-exposure-to-a-natural-disaster-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#4
Y Inoue, A Stickley, A Yazawa, J Aida, I Kawachi, K Kondo, T Fujiwara
AIMS: To investigate whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) modify the impact of exposure to a natural disaster (the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami) on the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older people. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), which is an on-going epidemiological survey investigating social determinants of health among older people across Japan. Information on PTSD symptoms based on the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health, traumatic exposure to the earthquake (i...
May 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486207/possible-link-of-interleukin-6-and-interleukin-2-with-psychiatric-diagnosis-ethnicity-disaster-or-bmi
#5
Phebe Tucker, Betty Pfefferbaum, Pascal Nitiéma, Qaiser Khan, Ruchi Aggarwal, Erin E Walling
BACKGROUND: Cytokines are of increasing interest as markers for stress responses, mental disorders and general health. We assessed associations of two cytokines with several factors among relocated hurricane survivors and controls. METHODS: We examined 40 relocated hurricane survivors and 40 demographically matched (frequency matching) Oklahoma controls to assess relationships of Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) with psychiatric diagnoses (SCID-IV), demographic variables, hurricane exposure and body mass index (BMI)...
May 6, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#6
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441974/evaluating-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-group-psychological-intervention-using-cognitive-behavioural-strategies-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-conflict-affected-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Anna Chiumento, Syed Usman Hamdani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Katie Dawson, Richard A Bryant, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Parveen Akhtar, Aqsa Masood, Duolao Wang, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The impact of humanitarian disasters upon mental health is well recognised. The evidence for psychological interventions for mental health is mounting, but few interventions have been rigorously tested in humanitarian settings. To be sustainable in humanitarian settings interventions need to be short, simple, deliverable by nonspecialists under supervision, and adopt a transdiagnostic approach where an array of mental health outcomes are addressed simultaneously. These elements have been incorporated into the newly developed WHO Problem Management Plus (PM+) Group intervention...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437765/suicidality-associated-with-ptsd-depression-and-disaster-recovery-status-among-adult-survivors-8-years-after-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#8
Jing Guo, Huan He, Mingqi Fu, Ziqiang Han, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Liding Guan
It has been eight years since the Wenchuan earthquake. We don't know how the lives of those affected by the disaster may remain blighted by its effects, or how many remain thus affected. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of disaster exposure, PTSD, depression and suicidal behaviors, using data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in earthquake-affected areas of China. 1369 participants were recruited from two different sites that were severely affected by the Wenchuan earthquake...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430095/window-of-opportunity-for-new-disease-surveillance-developing-keyword-lists-for-monitoring-mental-health-and-injury-through-syndromic-surveillance
#9
Ursula Lauper, Jian-Hua Chen, Shao Lin
Studies have documented the impact that hurricanes have on mental health and injury rates before, during, and after the event. Since timely tracking of these disease patterns is crucial to disaster planning, response, and recovery, syndromic surveillance keyword filters were developed by the New York State Department of Health to study the short- and long-term impacts of Hurricane Sandy. Emergency department syndromic surveillance is recognized as a valuable tool for informing public health activities during and immediately following a disaster...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429923/combined-associations-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-intake-with-health-status-among-survivors-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#10
Miho Nozue, Nobuo Nishi, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Miki Miyoshi, Yuki Yonekura, Kiyomi Sakata, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Akira Ogawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Each of the effects of physical activity and dietary intake on health is well known, but combined associations of physical activity and dietary intake on health has not been reported yet. Physical activity and dietary intake are key factors for maintaining health of survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. This study aimed to examine combined associations of physical activity and dietary intake with survivors' health status. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We used data from 6668 participants of a cross-sectional survey taken 3 years (2013) after the disaster...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428815/service-user-and-care-giver-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-and-facilitating-factors
#11
Dristy Gurung, Nawaraj Upadhyaya, Jananee Magar, Nir Prakash Giri, Charlotte Hanlon, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Service user and caregiver involvement has become an increasingly common strategy to enhance mental health outcomes, and has been incorporated in the mental healthpolicies of many developed nations. However, this practice is non-existent or fragmented in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Instances of service user and caregiver involvement have been rising slowly in a few LMICs, but are rarely described in the literature. Very little is known about the context of user and caregiver participation in mental health system strengthening processes in a low-income, disaster- and conflict-affected state such as Nepal...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416042/earthquakes-fuel-crisis-power-outages-and-health-care-in-nepal-implications-for-the-future
#12
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Nils Kaehler, Kumar Paudel, Janak Adhikari, Shristi Raut
Earthquakes are a major natural calamity with pervasive effects on human life and nature. Similar effects are mimicked by man-made disasters such as fuel crises and power outages in developing countries. Natural and man-made disasters can cause intangible human suffering and often leave scars of lifelong psychosocial damage. Lessons from these disasters are frequently not implemented. The main objective of this study was to review the effects of the 2015 earthquakes, fuel crisis, and power outages on the health services of Nepal and formulate recommendations for the future...
April 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405348/mental-status-assessment-of-disaster-relief-personnel-by-vocal-affect-display-based-on-voice-emotion-recognition
#13
Shunji Mitsuyoshi, Mitsuteru Nakamura, Yasuhiro Omiya, Shuji Shinohara, Naoki Hagiwara, Shinichi Tokuno
BACKGROUND: Disaster relief personnel tend to be exposed to excessive stress, which can be a cause of mental disorders. To prevent from mental disorders, frequent assessment of mental status is important. This pilot study aimed to examine feasibility of stress assessment using vocal affect display (VAD) indices as calculated by our proposed algorithms in a situation of comparison between different durations of stay in stricken area as disaster relief operation, which is an environment highly likely to induce stress...
2017: Disaster and Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#14
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374662/longitudinal-effects-of-disaster-related-experiences-on-mental-health-among-fukushima-nuclear-plant-workers-the-fukushima-news-project-study
#15
A Ikeda, T Tanigawa, H Charvat, H Wada, J Shigemura, I Kawachi
BACKGROUND: The Fukushima Nuclear Energy Workers' Support (NEWS) Project Study previously showed that experiences related to the Fukushima nuclear disaster on 11 March 2011 had a great impact on psychological states, including post-traumatic stress response (PTSR) and general psychological distress (GPD), among the Fukushima nuclear plant workers. To determine the causal relationship between disaster-related experiences and levels of psychological states, we conducted a 3-year longitudinal study from 2011 to 2014...
April 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370461/hurricane-sandy-exposure-and-the-mental-health-of-world-trade-center-responders
#16
Evelyn J Bromet, Sean Clouston, Adam Gonzalez, Roman Kotov, Kathryn M Guerrera, Benjamin J Luft
The psychological consequences of a second disaster on populations exposed to an earlier disaster have rarely been studied prospectively. Using a pre- and postdesign, we examined the effects of Hurricane Sandy on possible World Trade Center (WTC) related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist score of ≥ 50) and overall depression (major depressive disorder [MDD]; Patient Health Questionnaire depression score of ≥ 10) among 870 WTC responders with a follow-up monitoring visit at the Long Island WTC Health Program during the 6 months post-Hurricane Sandy...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362265/the-gulf-study-a-prospective-study-of-persons-involved-in-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-response-and-clean-up
#17
Richard K Kwok, Lawrence S Engel, Aubrey K Miller, Aaron Blair, Matthew D Curry, W Braxton Jackson, Patricia A Stewart, Mark R Stenzel, Linda S Birnbaum, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster led to the largest ever marine oil spill. Individuals who worked on the spill were exposed to toxicants and stressors that could lead to adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: The GuLF STUDY was designed to investigate relationships between oil spill exposures and multiple potential physical and mental health effects. METHODS: Participants were recruited by telephone from lists of individuals who worked on the oil spill response and clean-up or received safety training...
April 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357722/health-among-disaster-survivors-and-health-professionals-after-the-haiyan-typhoon-a-self-selected-internet-based-web-survey
#18
Karin Hugelius, Mervyn Gifford, Per Örtenwall, Annsofie Adolfsson
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters affected millions of people worldwide every year. Evaluation of disaster health and health response interventions is faced with several methodological challenges. This study aimed (1) to describe survivors' and health professionals' health, 30 months after a natural disaster using a web-based self-selected Internet sample survey designed and (2) to evaluate the health effects of disaster response interventions, in the present study with a focus on disaster radio...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346036/assessing-the-relationship-between-mental-distress-and-tobacco-use-in-post-katrina-and-rita-louisiana
#19
Snigdha Mukherjee, Melanie Canterberry, Jennifer B Yore, Edward Cannon Ledford, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mental health status and smoking is complicated and often confounded by bi-directionality, yet most research on this relationship assumes exogeneity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article is to implement an instrumental variable approach to (1) test the exogeneity assumption and (2) report on the association between mental health status and smoking post-disaster. METHODS: This analysis utilizes the 2006 and 2007 Louisiana Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey to examine the link between mental distress and smoking in areas affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita...
March 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330405/the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-affected-mothers-depression-but-not-maternal-confidence
#20
Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet, Misao Ota, Akira Ohtsuru, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
The Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused widespread radiation contamination. Mothers of young children were at risk of negative emotional and mental health consequences. Using data from 2 independent prefecture-wide surveys of pregnant women, we examined the associations of disaster-related stressors with both maternal self-confidence and depressive symptoms. Two postal surveys were conducted targeting women who registered their pregnancies in Fukushima Prefecture (n = 6686 in 2012 and n = 6423 in 2013)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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