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Combined Elements Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471022/temporal-lobe-epilepsy-induced-neurodegeneration-and-cognitive-deficits-implications-for-aging
#1
REVIEW
Vrinda M, Arun S, Srikumar B N, Bindu M Kutty, Shankaranarayana Rao B S
Epilepsy is a neurological condition associated with seizures, neurodegeneration, circuit reorganization, and other structural and functional abnormalities. These elements ultimately lead to behavioural alterations such as anxiety, depression, and importantly cognitive impairment like learning disability and memory impairment. These factors can attribute to acceleration of aging and cognitive impairment in middle-aged people, which is otherwise evident in dementia and Alzheimer's disease among elderly people...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468965/versatility-of-cancer-associated-fibroblasts-commendable-targets-for-anti-tumor-therapy
#2
Ghulam Jilany Khan, Li Sun, Sara Khan, Shengtao Yuan, He Nongyue
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tumor growth, development, progression, metastasis, invasion and resistivity against drugs, solely depends on the recruitment of surrounding cells, extra cellular matrix and tumor microenvironment (TME). TME is directly as well as indirectly associated with cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF). The interactions of CAF with tumor surrounding cells, their origination, activation, transformation and ability to recruit other non-tumor cells for the clemency of tumor, are very complex and under active research since long...
February 19, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455418/preoperative-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-for-locally-advanced-esophageal-carcinosarcoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Tomoko Yoshimoto, Shinichiro Kobayashi, Kengo Kanetaka, Kazuma Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Nagata, Michi Morita, Yuriko Isagawa, Naoe Kinoshita, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Susumu Eguchi
BACKGROUND: Esophageal carcinosarcoma is a relatively rare malignant neoplasm composed of both epithelial carcinomatous and mesenchymal sarcomatous elements. There is no recommended clinical treatment for esophageal carcinosarcoma because of the rarity of the disease. This report describes a case of esophageal carcinosarcoma that was effectively treated with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil as preoperative chemotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man had a chief complaint of dysphagia with epigastric pain...
February 17, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438479/novel-tn916-like-elements-confer-aminoglycoside-macrolide-co-resistance-in-clinical-isolates-of-streptococcus-gallolyticus-ssp-gallolyticus
#4
Stanimir Kambarev, Frédéric Pecorari, Stéphane Corvec
Background: Streptococcus gallolyticus ssp. gallolyticus (Sgg) is a commensal bacterium and an opportunistic pathogen. In humans it has been clinically associated with the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and epidemiologically recognized as an emerging cause of infective endocarditis (IE). The standard therapy of Sgg includes the administration of a penicillin in combination with an aminoglycoside. Even though penicillin-resistant isolates have still not been reported, epidemiological studies have shown that this microbe is a reservoir of multiple acquired genes, conferring resistance to tetracyclines, aminoglycosides, macrolides and glycopeptides...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438459/dietary-supplements-with-antiplatelet-activity-a-solution-for-everyone
#5
Beata Olas
Dietary supplements can have beneficial effects on a number of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, and interest in the use of nonpharmacologic nutraceutical-based treatments for cardiovascular disorders is growing. The aim of this review is to present the role of dietary supplements with antiplatelet activity in the prophylaxis and treatment of cardiovascular disorders. In addition, this paper describes their effects on another very important element of hemostasis-blood coagulation. However, because controlled human clinical experiments are too limited to clearly identify the antiplatelet and anticoagulant properties of dietary supplements, used alone or in combination with classical antiplatelet therapy (e...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435591/effect-of-including-alcohol-and-cannabis-content-in-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-on-the-incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Angela D Bryan, Renee E Magnan, Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Sarah J Schmiege
Importance: Adolescents in the juvenile justice system are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Concurrent use of alcohol and cannabis increase this risk. Objective: To determine whether a theory-based sexual risk-reduction intervention that included alcohol- and cannabis-focused content resulted in greater reductions in STIs than an intervention that included alcohol-related content only and an intervention that did not include substance use content...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434973/therapeutic-effect-of-targeted-fas-expressing-adenoviruses-method-combining-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-a-mouse-model-of-human-ovarian-carcinoma
#7
Dingyuan Zeng, Jiajing Lin, Hongying He, Guangping Tan, Ying Lan, Fuyan Jiang, Shuting Sheng
The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect and safety of targeted use of Fas-expressing adenoviruses combined with γδ T cell-mediated killing to treat human ovarian cancer xenografts in BALB/c mice. Shuttle plasmids containing control elements of human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter and two-step transcriptional amplification system were constructed and packaged into adenovirus-5 vectors to generate expression of an exogenous Fas gene. A mouse xenograft model of human ovarian carcinoma was constructed...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405340/material-elemental-decomposition-in-dual-and-multi-energy-ct-via-a-sparsity-dictionary-approach-for-proton-stopping-power-ratio-calculation
#8
Chenyang Shen, Bin Li, Liyuan Chen, Ming Yang, Yifei Lou, Xun Jia
PURPOSE: Accurate calculation of proton stopping power ratio (SPR) relative to water is crucial to proton therapy treatment planning, since SPR affects prediction of beam range. Current standard practice derives SPR using a single CT scan. Recent studies showed that dual-energy CT (DECT) offers advantages to accurately determine SPR. One method to further improve accuracy is to incorporate prior knowledge on human tissue composition through a dictionary approach. In addition, it is also suggested that using CT images with multiple (more than two) energy channels, i...
February 5, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391466/potential-benefits-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-electroacupuncture-on-the-trophic-factors-associated-with-neurogenesis-in-mice-with-ischemic-stroke
#9
Yu Ri Kim, Sung Min Ahn, Malk Eun Pak, Hong Ju Lee, Da Hee Jung, Yong-Il Shin, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Byung Tae Choi
The beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and electroacupuncture (EA) on neurogenesis and related trophic factors remain unclear. Bone marrow MSCs (mBMSC) were transplanted into the striatum of mice with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and EA stimulation was applied at two acupoints, Baihui and Dazhui. EA treatment significantly improved motor function, and a synergistic effect of combined mBMSC and EA treatment was observed. Combined mBMSC and EA treatment reduced prominent atrophic changes in the striatum and led to proliferation of neural progenitor cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the surrounding areas of the striatum (SVZ + striatum) of MCAO mice...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383414/-psychotherapy-of-depressive-disorders-procedures-evidence-and-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
R Meister, A Jansen, M Berger, H Baumeister, T Bschor, T Harfst, M Hautzinger, L Kriston, C Kühner, H Schauenburg, S G Schorr, F Schneider, M Härter
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are associated with a high burden of suffering and significantly reduce the well-being and the self-esteem of affected patients. Psychotherapy is one of the main treatment options for depressive disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to present the current evidence for antidepressive psychotherapeutic treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the revision of the German S3- and National Disease Management Guideline (NDMG) on unipolar depression in 2015, a comprehensive and systematic evidence search was conducted...
January 30, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372263/-e-health-and-reality-what-are-we-facing-in-patient-care
#11
H Gehring, K Rackebrandt, M Imhoff
The terms e‑Health and digitization are core elements of a change in our time. The main drivers of this change - in addition to a dynamic market - are the serious advantages for the healthcare sector in the processing of tasks and requirements. The large amounts of data, the intensively growing medical knowledge, the rapidly advancing technological developments and the goal of a personalized, customized therapy for the patient, make the application absolutely necessary. While e‑Health describes the use of information and communication technologies in healthcare, the concept of digitization is associated with the underlying processes of change and innovation...
January 25, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372016/dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-pilot-study-in-an-outpatient-treatment-setting
#12
Regina Steil, Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Anne Dyer, Anne-Marie Maasch, Kathlen Priebe
Background: Dialectical behaviour therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (DBT-PTSD), which is tailored to treat adults with PTSD and co-occurring emotion regulation difficulties, has already demonstrated its efficacy, acceptance and safety in an inpatient treatment setting. It combines elements of DBT with trauma-focused cognitive behavioural interventions. Objective: To investigate the feasibility, acceptance and safety of DBT-PTSD in an outpatient treatment setting by therapists who were novice to the treatment, we treated 21 female patients suffering from PTSD following childhood sexual abuse (CSA) plus difficulties in emotion regulation in an uncontrolled clinical trial...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351204/mtor-cross-talk-in-cancer-and-potential-for-combination-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Fabiana Conciatori, Ludovica Ciuffreda, Chiara Bazzichetto, Italia Falcone, Sara Pilotto, Emilio Bria, Francesco Cognetti, Michele Milella
The mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) pathway plays an essential role in sensing and integrating a variety of exogenous cues to regulate cellular growth and metabolism, in both physiological and pathological conditions. mTOR functions through two functionally and structurally distinct multi-component complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, which interact with each other and with several elements of other signaling pathways. In the past few years, many new insights into mTOR function and regulation have been gained and extensive genetic and pharmacological studies in mice have enhanced our understanding of how mTOR dysfunction contributes to several diseases, including cancer...
January 19, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343578/a-new-quinoline-brd4-inhibitor-targets-a-distinct-latent-hiv-1-reservoir-for-re-activation-from-other-shock-drugs
#14
Erik Abner, Mateusz Stoszko, Lei Zeng, Heng-Chang Chen, Andrea Izquierdo-Bouldstridge, Tsuyoshi Konuma, Eduard Zorita, Elisa Fanunza, Qiang Zhang, Tokameh Mahmoudi, Ming-Ming Zhou, Guillaume J Filion, Albert Jordan
Upon HIV-1 infection, a reservoir of latently infected resting T cells prevents the eradication of the virus from patients. To achieve complete depletion, the existing virus-suppressing antiretroviral therapy must be combined with drugs that reactivate the dormant viruses. We previously described a novel chemical scaffold compound, MMQO (8-methoxy-6-methylquinolin-4-ol) that is able to reactivate viral transcription in several models of HIV latency including J-Lat cells through an unknown mechanism. MMQO potentiates the activity of known latency-reversing agents (LRAs) or 'shock' drugs such as PKC agonists or HDAC inhibitors...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340881/circulating-free-dna-integrity-and-concentration-as-independent-prognostic-markers-in-metastatic-breast-cancer
#15
Jie Cheng, Tim Holland-Letz, Markus Wallwiener, Harald Surowy, Katarina Cuk, Sarah Schott, Andreas Trumpp, Klaus Pantel, Christof Sohn, Andreas Schneeweiss, Barbara Burwinkel
PURPOSE: Non-invasive blood-based molecular markers have been investigated for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Circulating free or cell-free DNA (cfDNA) variables have been shown to be putative markers in breast cancer prognosis. METHODS: Here, we investigated the potential prognostic ability of cfDNA concentration and cfDNA integrity (cfDI) in a study cohort of 268 patients by quantitative PCR. We compared cfDNA concentration and cfDI at baseline and after one cycle of therapy in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients...
January 16, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340219/a-novel-hybrid-promoter-are-htert-for-cancer-gene-therapy
#16
S V Kalinichenko, M V Shepelev, P N Vikhreva, I V Korobko
describe a novel hybrid tumor-specific promoter, ARE-hTERT, composed of the human TERT gene promoter (hTERT) and the antioxidant response element (ARE) from the human GCLM gene promoter. The hybrid promoter retains the tumor specificity of the basal hTERT promoter but is characterized by an enhanced transcriptional activity in cancer cells with abnormal activation of the Nrf2 transcription factor and upon induction of oxidative stress. In the in vitro enzyme-prodrug cancer gene therapy scheme, ARE-hTERT promoter-driven expression of CD : UPRT (yeast cytosine deaminase : uracil phosphoribosyltransferase) chimeric protein induced a more pronounced death of cancer cells either upon treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5FC) alone or when 5FC was combined with chemotherapeutic drugs as compared to the hTERT promoter...
October 2017: Acta Naturae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336259/p53-as-the-focus-of-gene-therapy-past-present-and-future
#17
Joana Fa Valente, Joao A Queiroz, Fani Sousa
BACKGROUND: Several gene deviations can be responsible for triggering oncogenic processes. However, mutations in tumour suppressor genes are usually more associated to malignant diseases, being p53 one of the most affected and studied element. p53 is implicated in a number of known cellular functions, including DNA damage repair, cell cycle arrest in G1/S and G2/M and apoptosis, being an interesting target for cancer treatment. OBJECTIVE: Considering these facts, the development of gene therapy approaches focused on p53 expression and regulation seems to be a promising strategy for cancer therapy...
January 15, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336134/treatment-of-tinnitus-a-scoping-review
#18
Sujoy Kumar Makar, Geetha Mukundan, Geeta Gore
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a perception of an auditory sensation without the presence of an external sound. It has devastating impact on the quality of life and psychosocial aspect of the sufferer. Mechanisms of tinnitus not clear; however, its management include counselling, hearing aids, tinnitus masking, relaxation therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy and tinnitus retraining therapy. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a scoping review to explore the role of counselling, hearing aids, tinnitus masking, relaxation therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy and tinnitus retraining therapy in India...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332054/dementia-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-dangerous-combination-for-ischemic-stroke-and-mortality
#19
Daniele Pastori, Kazuo Miyazawa, Gregory Y H Lip
The risk of developing dementia is increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), with the incidence of both conditions increasing with aging. Patients with dementia frequently do not receiving adequate thrombo-prophylaxis, because of the inability to monitor INR and/or to achieve and maintain good compliance with anticoagulant treatment. Under-treatment is therefore an important contributor to the increased risk of ischemic stroke and mortality in this subgroup of AF patients. In newly-diagnosed patients with AF starting oral anticoagulation, the presence of cognitive impairment should be considered in addition to the calculation of the SAMe-TT2R2 score, as part of an integrated decision management pathway to choose the most appropriate oral anticoagulant [i...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329113/therapeutic-hiv-1-vaccine-time-for-immunomodulation-and-combinatorial-strategies
#20
Nabila Seddiki, Yves Lévy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose is to recall some of the key immunological elements that are at the crossroad and need to be combined for developing a potent therapeutic HIV-1 vaccine. RECENT FINDINGS: Therapeutic vaccines and cytokines have been commonly used to enhance and/or recall preexisting HIV-1 specific cell-mediated immune responses aiming to suppress virus replication. While the vaccine is important to stimulate HIV-1 specific T-cell responses, the cytokine may support the expansion of the stimulated virus-specific T cells...
January 10, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
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