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Interpersonal Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736394/changing-forms-of-hiv-related-stigma-along-the-hiv-care-and-treatment-continuum-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-temporal-analysis
#1
O Bonnington, J Wamoyi, W Ddaaki, D Bukenya, K Ondenge, M Skovdal, J Renju, M Moshabela, A Wringe
OBJECTIVES: Stigma remains pervasive for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, undermining care engagement. Using everyday, biographical and epochal temporalities, we explored the manifestation of stigma at different stages of the HIV care continuum in seven health and demographic surveillance sites in Eastern and Southern Africa. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 264 PLHIV, 54 health providers and 48 family members of people who had died from HIV...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727701/randomized-placebo-controlled-placebo-trial-to-determine-the-placebo-effect-size
#2
Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Tim Klueter, Volker W Rahlfs, Munjed Al Muderis, Amol Saxena, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Alexander Prehn-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: It is the gold standard to use a placebo treatment as the control group in prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Although placebo-controlled trials can reveal an effect of an active treatment, the pure effect of a placebo treatment alone has never been presented or evaluated. No evidence-based, placebo-therapeutic options are currently available, and no placebo-controlled trials have been performed to elucidate the pure placebo effect. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pure placebo effect on clinical, chronic pain through a blinded RCT...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726342/social-workers-perceptions-of-barriers-to-interpersonal-therapy-implementation-for-treating-postpartum-depression-in-a-primary-care-setting-in-israel
#3
Rena Bina, Adi Barak, Barbara Posmontier, Saralee Glasser, Tali Cinamon
Research on evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation in social work often neglects to include evaluation of application barriers. This qualitative study examined social workers' perspectives of provider- and organisational-related barriers to implementing a brief eight-session interpersonal therapy (IPT) intervention, a time-limited EBP that addresses reducing depressive symptoms and improving interpersonal functioning. Implementation took place in a primary care setting in Israel and was aimed at treating women who have postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms...
July 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725087/psychosynthesis-a-foundational-bridge-between-psychology-and-spirituality
#4
Catherine Ann Lombard
Pastoral psychologists have long tried to establish a working model that encompasses the seemingly conflicting disciplines of science and religion. Psychosynthesis, a transpersonal psychology and therapeutic approach, offers such a model of the human personality, in which the psychological and spiritual perspectives can converge. This article explores psychosynthesis psychology and therapy as a theoretical framework for pastoral psychology. Although psychosynthesis psychotherapy relies on an array of techniques, it fundamentally works with the clients' will while emphasizing, exploring, and cultivating their relationships on all levels-intrapersonal, interpersonal, and with the Higher Self...
2017: Pastoral Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719830/relationship-between-psychological-inflexibility-and-experiential-avoidance-and-internet-addiction-mediating-effects-of-mental-health-problems
#5
Wei-Po Chou, Kun-Hua Lee, Chih-Hung Ko, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Hsiu-Fen Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen
Internet addiction became a major mental health problem in college student. Our objective was to examine the relationship between psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance (PIEA) and Internet addiction (IA) and the mediating effects of mental health problem indicators. 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. The level of PIEA was examined using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II. The severity of IA was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. The levels of depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and hostility were evaluated using the Symptom Checklist-90 item-Revised Scale...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716769/web-based-therapist-training-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-pilot-study
#6
Kenneth A Kobak, Joshua D Lipsitz, John C Markowitz, Kathryn L Bleiberg
BACKGROUND: Training mental health professionals to deliver evidence-based therapy (EBT) is now required by most academic accreditation bodies, and evaluating the effectiveness of such training is imperative. However, shortages of time, money, and trained EBT clinician teachers make these challenges daunting. New technologies may help. The authors have developed the first empirically evaluated comprehensive Internet therapist training program for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether (1) the training protocol would increase clinicians' knowledge of IPT concepts and skills and (2) clinicians would deem the training feasible as measured by satisfaction and utility ratings...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713292/cognitive-attachment-model-of-voices-evidence-base-and-future-implications
#7
Katherine Berry, Filippo Varese, Sandra Bucci
There is a robust association between hearing voices and exposure to traumatic events. Identifying mediating mechanisms for this relationship is key to theories of voice hearing and the development of therapies for distressing voices. This paper outlines the Cognitive Attachment model of Voices (CAV), a theoretical model to understand the relationship between earlier interpersonal trauma and distressing voice hearing. The model builds on attachment theory and well-established cognitive models of voices and argues that attachment and dissociative processes are key psychological mechanisms that explain how trauma influences voice hearing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710917/for-whom-does-interpersonal-psychotherapy-work-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Samantha L Bernecker, Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino, Paula Ravitz
The efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to treat depression and other disorders is well established, yet it remains unknown which patients will benefit more from IPT than another treatment. This review summarizes 46years of clinical trial research on patient characteristics that moderate the relative efficacy of IPT vs. different treatments. Across 57 studies from 33 trials comparing IPT to pharmacotherapy, another psychotherapy, or control, there were few consistent indicators of when IPT would be more or less effective than another treatment...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703949/psychotherapy-alone-and-combined-with-medication-as-treatments-for-bipolar-ii-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Holly A Swartz, Paola Rucci, Michael E Thase, Meredith Wallace, Elisa Carretta, Karen L Celedonia, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar II disorder (BP-II) is associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Quetiapine, the treatment with greatest evidence for efficacy in BP-II depression, is associated with metabolic burden. Psychotherapy, a treatment with few side effects, has not been systematically evaluated in BP-II. This study compared psychotherapy plus placebo to psychotherapy plus pharmacotherapy as treatments for BP-II depression. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, unmedicated adults (n = 92) with DSM-IV-TR BP-II depression were randomly assigned to weekly sessions of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) plus placebo or IPSRT plus quetiapine and followed for 20 weeks...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702506/prenatal-depression-risk-factors-developmental-effects-and-interventions-a-review
#10
Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701090/-transference-focused-psychotherapy-for-borderline-adolescents-in-a-day-clinic-treatment-program
#11
Maya Krischer, Tamara Ponton-Rodriguez, Ghazal Rostami Gooran, Stephan Bender
Transference Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline-Adolescents in a Day Clinic Treatment Program This paper focuses on the concept of transference focused psychotherapy (TFP) modified for juvenile borderline patients. Adolescents with borderline developmental personality disorder (bpd) have an essential deficit in their personality structure that leads to oscillations in their self-esteem and in a "split" perception of the world. They suffer from a variety of symptoms and severe impairments on their own and their families' quality of life...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699818/implementing-brief-dynamic-interpersonal-therapy-dit-in-a-va-medical-center
#12
Cory K Chen, Christine P Ingenito, Michelle M Kehn, Nicole Nehrig, Karen S Abraham
BACKGROUND: Given increasing mental health needs in the VA, identifying strategies to deliver new services is critical. AIMS: This paper describes the process of navigating provider, patient and systems barriers of an initiative to increase choice, access and quality of psychotherapy at the VA by incorporating an evidence-based short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) was selected as a viable model for implementation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698326/miyoga-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-movement-programme-based-on-hatha-yoga-principles-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-study-protocol
#13
Catherine Mak, Koa Whittingham, Ross Cunnington, Roslyn N Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood physical disability, with life-long impacts for 1.77 in 1000 children. Although CP is primarily a physical disability, children with CP have an increased risk of experiencing cognitive difficulties, particularly attention and executive function deficits. Impairment in cognitive abilities can lead to subsequent impairment in independent functioning, education, employment and interpersonal relationships. This paper reports the protocol of a randomised controlled trial of a novel family-centred lifestyle intervention based on mindfulness and hatha yoga principles (MiYoga)...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693400/formulating-autism-systemically-part-2-a-12-year-prospective-case-study
#14
Nicky Brewerton, Katrina Robson, Patricia M Crittenden
This prospective case study illustrates the ideas on the developmental origins of some cases of autism that were described in Part 1 of this article. We explored and found support for several systemic hypotheses regarding the experience of 'Graeme' and his mother. Graeme's story is told prospectively from the age of 3 until 15. Three independent sources of information are reported: hypotheses from the literature and case review in Part 1 of this article, the school's experience, and observations from the assessments of attachment when Graeme was turning 6...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687289/occupational-burnout-among-radiation-therapists-in-australia-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
N Singh, C Wright, K Knight, M Baird, D Akroyd, R D Adams, M E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals in the palliative care context are more burned out than other health professionals. The aims of this study were to examine: (1) occupational burnout levels among radiation therapists in Australia, (2) association between demographic factors on burnout and (3) radiation therapists' perceptions of burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to Radiation Therapists in Australia...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680693/the-incorporation-of-emotion-regulation-skills-into-couple-and-family-based-treatments-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Deborah A Perlick, Frederic J Sautter, Julia J Becker-Cretu, Danielle Schultz, Savannah C Grier, Alexander V Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen, Shirley M Glynn
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling, potentially chronic disorder that is characterized by re-experience and hyperarousal symptoms as well as the avoidance of trauma-related stimuli. The distress experienced by many veterans of the Vietnam War and their partners prompted a strong interest in developing conjoint interventions that could both alleviate the core symptoms of PTSD and strengthen family bonds. We review the evolution of and evidence base for conjoint PTSD treatments from the Vietnam era through the post-911 era...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677401/applying-a-social-ecological-framework-to-factors-related-to-nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-adolescent-smoking-cessation
#17
Jessica L King, Julie W Merten, Tzu-Jung Wong, Jamie L Pomeranz
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review synthesizes factors related to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use among adolescents seeking to quit smoking, using the social-ecological model as a guiding framework. DATA SOURCE: Searches of PubMED, ProQuest, EBSCOhost, and ERIC were conducted in July 2016. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Original studies of cigarette smokers younger than 18 years that discussed NRT were included. DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers individually extracted study purpose, sample, design, and results...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675714/processes-of-recovery-through-routine-or-specialist-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder-bpd-a-qualitative-study
#18
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang, Kirsten Barnicot, Hayley White, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Recovery processes in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are poorly understood. AIMS: This study explored how recovery in BPD occurs through routine or specialist treatment, as perceived by service users (SUs) and therapists. METHODS: SUs were recruited from two specialist BPD services, three community mental health teams, and one psychological therapies service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 SUs and 15 therapists...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673262/increasing-the-treatment-motivation-of-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder-applying-the-urica-s-scale
#19
Johannes Mander, Georg Schaller, Hinrich Bents, Ulrike Dinger, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic intervention programs for somatic symptom disorder (SSD) show only small-to-moderate effect sizes. These effects are partly explained by the motivational problems of SSD patients. Hence, fostering treatment motivation could increase treatment success. One central aspect in SSD patients might be damage to motivation because of symptomatic relapses. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to investigate associations between motivational relapse struggle and therapeutic outcome in SSD patients...
July 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651207/metacognitive-therapy-versus-disorder-specific-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Bruce E Wampold
Few studies have compared the effects of Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for comorbid anxiety disorders. In the current study we compared CBT and MCT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders in a residential setting. Ninety patients with a primary diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia or Panic disorder, with and without Agoraphobia, were randomized to either CBT or MCT. Patients were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and one-year follow-up. Primary outcome measures were Beck Anxiety Inventory and ADIS IV and secondary outcome measures were SCID II, Beck Depression Inventory, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, The Symptom Checklist-90 and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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