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Interpersonal Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207891/factors-influencing-antiretroviral-treatment-suboptimal-adherence-among-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-in-thailand
#1
Luyi Xu, Kerim Munir, Cheeraya Kanabkaew, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Existing studies have suggested decreased adherence and rebound in mortality in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) as compared to adults and young children. METHODS: We used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to identify factors influencing adherence among perinatally infected adolescents in Thailand. We analyzed data from 568 pairs of perinatally infected adolescents (aged 12-19) and their primary caregivers in the Teens Living With Antiretrovirals (TEEWA) study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2010-2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206786/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-marital-adjustment-among-israeli-combat-veterans-the-role-of-loneliness-and-attachment
#2
Liat Itzhaky, Jacob Y Stein, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War trauma may foster ramifications for marital relationships. Veterans may feel that no one can understand them and thus impact their relationships. The current study aims to shed light on the role that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), loneliness, and attachment orientations may play in marital adjustment among combat veterans. METHOD: Participants were 504 veterans who served in the Lebanon War in 1982. RESULTS: Analysis revealed that higher PTSS levels were related to lower marital adjustment and that the indirect path of this relation through loneliness was significant...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183293/using-video-annotation-software-to-identify-interactions-in-group-therapies-for-schizophrenia-assessing-reliability-and-associations-with-outcomes
#3
Stavros Orfanos, Syeda Ferhana Akther, Muhammad Abdul-Basit, Rosemarie McCabe, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that interactions in group therapies for people with schizophrenia are associated with a reduction in negative symptoms. However, it is unclear which specific interactions in groups are linked with these improvements. The aims of this exploratory study were to i) develop and test the reliability of using video-annotation software to measure interactions in group therapies in schizophrenia and ii) explore the relationship between interactions in group therapies for schizophrenia with clinically relevant changes in negative symptoms...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182471/efficacy-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-using-computer-software-with-individuals-living-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-japan
#4
Kazuhiko Iwata, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Sayaka Sato, Shunichi Furukawa, Yukako Watanabe, Norifumi Hatsuse, Emi Ikebuchi
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is common in schizophrenia, and is associated with poor psychosocial functioning. Previous studies had inconsistently shown improvement in cognitive functions with cognitive remediation therapy. This study examined whether cognitive remediation is effective in improving both cognitive and social functions in schizophrenia in outpatient settings that provide learning-based psychiatric rehabilitation. This study is the first randomized controlled trial of cognitive remediation in Japan...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157442/a-nationally-scaled-telebehavioral-health-program-for-chronic-pain-characteristics-goals-and-psychological-outcomes
#5
Heidi Mochari-Greenberger, Aimee Peters, Lee Vue, Reena L Pande
BACKGROUND: Millions of U.S. adults suffer from chronic pain with a high prevalence of comorbid mental health issues. Telehealth-delivered behavioral therapy for chronic pain has been evaluated in the research setting. The purpose of this study was 1) to describe a nationally scaled, standardized, telebehavioral therapy program for patients with chronic pain and behavioral comorbidities, and 2) evaluate characteristics, goals, and psychosocial outcomes among program participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was mixed-methods retrospective cohort analysis among consecutive program graduates (mean age 53y; 24% male)...
February 3, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150183/at-the-edge-of-safety-moral-experimentation-in-the-case-of-family-therapy
#6
Teresa Kuan
"At the Edge of Safety" argues for thinking of structural family therapy as a "moral laboratory." Borrowing a trope from Cheryl Mattingly's recent book Moral Laboratories, the article reconsiders a therapeutic style that was once controversial by analyzing personal stories of supervision-i.e. professional training-in light of Mattingly's suggestion that a social space in which people conduct experiments on themselves and their lives may be considered a moral laboratory. Family therapy is especially good to think with, because it is simultaneously a real and a metaphorical laboratory, physically lab-like in its use of visual technologies, yet moral in the way it puts the possibility for situational change in the hands of human actors...
February 1, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134442/alternative-models-of-disorders-of-traumatic-stress-based-on-the-new-icd-11-proposals
#7
M Shevlin, P Hyland, T Karatzias, C Fyvie, N Roberts, J I Bisson, C R Brewin, M Cloitre
OBJECTIVE: Although there is emerging evidence for the factorial validity of the distinction between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) proposed in ICD-11, such evidence has been predominantly based on using selected items from individual scales that describe these factors. We have attempted to address this gap in the literature by testing a range of alternative models of disorders of traumatic stress using a broader range of symptoms and standardized measures...
January 30, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128017/change-in-attachment-dimensions-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-following-group-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy
#8
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of attachment dimensions, including coherence of mind and reflective functioning, in developing and maintaining binge-eating disorder (BED) and in determining group psychotherapy outcomes for women with BED. We hypothesize that higher pre-treatment attachment dimension scores will predict better treatment outcomes for women with BED and will increase at follow-up. METHOD: Women with BED attended 16 sessions of group therapy and completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) at pre-treatment...
January 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125175/psychological-and-behavioral-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder
#9
Carlos M Grilo
Several psychological and behavioral treatment options exist for patients who have been diagnosed with binge-eating disorder (BED). Cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy are the most strongly supported interventions for BED, but they do not produce weight loss; behavioral weight loss therapy, a more widely available "generalist" intervention, achieves good outcomes for BED plus produces modest weight loss over the short-term. Relatively little is known about reliable predictors or moderators of treatment outcomes, but research has generally supported 2 significant predictors: (1) the presence of overvaluation of body shape and weight and (2) the occurrence of rapid response to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111871/turning-the-tides-coping-with-trauma-and-addiction-through-residential-adolescent-group-therapy
#10
Katherine Gardner Bougard, Tina Marie Truncellito Laupola, Joan Parker-Dias, Jeremy Creekmore, Stacey Stangland
TOPIC: Evidence-based group therapy in an inpatient setting that provides an integrated treatment approach for both trauma and addiction in female adolescents. PURPOSE: The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to implement and assess the impact of an integrated group therapy approach for both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) in adolescent females as part of a residential treatment program. SOURCES: The Iowa Model of EBP guided this EBP project...
November 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107643/does-psychological-well-being-change-following-treatment-an-exploratory-study-on-outpatients-with-eating-disorders
#11
Elena Tomba, Lucia Tecuta, Romana Schumann, Donatella Ballardini
Psychological well-being changes following cognitive-behavioral therapy-based treatment were investigated in outpatients with eating disorders (ED). While it is known that CBT reduces symptomatology in EDs, less is known about how changes in positive functioning may ensue. One-hundred and eighty five ED outpatients were analyzed for pre-treatment and post-treatment changes in psychological well-being (PWB) by last observation carried forward - Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Significant gains in all PWB dimensions were found, with moderate effect size correlations in environmental mastery (r=-...
January 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105501/-diagnostics-and-multimodal-treatment-of-depression-in-old-age-new-developments
#12
Gerhard W Eschweiler
Depressive disorders in elderly persons are frequent and can either first be manifested at a younger age and show a recurrent pattern during later life (ICD 10, F33.*) or have an onset beyond 60 years, which is termed late onset depression (LOD). This LOD has a higher tendency to chronification and implies an increased risk of progression, especially to vascular dementia. The multifactorial genesis of depression in old age includes psychosocial, vascular and metabolic factors and requires multimodal therapy modules at the biological and psychosocial level, which is now increasingly being empirically proven...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104067/the-effectiveness-of-the-nanta-program-on-psychiatric-symptoms-interpersonal-relationships-and-quality-of-life-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Gang-Sook Jeon, Moonhee Gang, Kyongok Oh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Nanta-program on psychiatric symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life (QoL) in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia (SPR). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group and pre-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 38 forensic inpatients with SPR from South Korea (experimental group=18, control group=20). The intervention was conducted in 12 sessions over 12 weeks, taking 90 min per session...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104065/borderline-personality-disorder-psychological-treatment-an-integrative-review
#14
Beverly Reeves-Dudley
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex and at times debilitating mental disorder, treatment of which has eluded effective pharmacotherapy (Gunderson, 2007). Although once considered untreatable, psychodynamic therapy and cognitive therapy (two types of psychological therapies) have provided hope for better lives for patients with this diagnosis (Gunderson). The author performed an integrative review of the literature pertaining to the present role of evidence-based practice (EBP) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) definition of BPD to identify symptoms of the disorder...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102111/applying-relationship-anecdotes-paradigm-interviews-to-study-client-therapist-relationship-narratives-core-conflictual-relationship-theme-analyses
#15
Hadas Wiseman, Orya Tishby
OBJECTIVE: We describe client-therapist relational narratives collected in relationship anecdotes paradigm (RAP) interviews during psychotherapy and the application of the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method. Changes in clients' and therapists' CCRT in relation to each other are examined and associations between their CCRTs and self-reported ruptures and repairs are explored. METHOD: Sixty-seven clients and 27 therapists underwent RAP interviews and completed self-report rupture and repair items at early, middle, and late psychodynamic psychotherapy...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095941/preparation-for-the-end-of-life-and-life-completion-during-late-stage-lung-cancer-an-exploratory-analysis
#16
Gail Adorno, Cara Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore preparation for the end of life (EoL) and life closure among persons with advanced metastatic lung cancer. Understanding quality of life through the lens of preparation and completion is important since the trajectory of lung cancer can be relatively short, often leading to application of cancer-directed therapies near death without the opportunity for advance planning or palliative care. Clinical research is needed to understand the kinds of distress specific to older adults with advanced lung cancer that are amendable to palliative care interventions...
January 18, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#17
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077221/interpersonal-problems-predict-differential-response-to-cognitive-versus-behavioral-treatment-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Michelle G Newman, Nicholas C Jacobson, Thane M Erickson, Aaron J Fisher
OBJECTIVE: We examined dimensional interpersonal problems as moderators of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) versus its components (cognitive therapy [CT] and behavioral therapy [BT]). We predicted that people with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) whose interpersonal problems reflected more dominance and intrusiveness would respond best to a relaxation-based BT compared to CT or CBT, based on studies showing that people with personality features associated with a need for autonomy respond best to treatments that are more experiential, concrete, and self-directed compared to therapies involving abstract analysis of one's problems (e...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068499/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-for-personality-disorders-swinging-from-emotional-over-regulation-to-dysregulation-a-case-study
#19
Giampalo Salvatore, Raffaele Popolo, Luisa Buonocore, Anna Maria Ferrigno, Mariagrazia Proto, Anna Sateriale, Marianna Serio, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Many patients with personality disorders (PD) display emotional inhibition or over-regulation (EOR); others display emotional dysregulation (ED)- heightened sensitivity to emotional stimuli with difficulty toning down arousal. To date, most treatments focus on patients with ED, particularly those with borderline disorders, though some focus on EOR. Patients with complex PD often swing from periods of EOR to ED. In this paper, we describe an adaptation of metacognitive interpersonal therapy (MIT), which has been manualized for treating PD with prominent EOR and is aimed at dealing with patients fluctuating from EOR to ED...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064469/change-in-self-esteem-predicts-depressive-symptoms-at-follow-up-after-intensive-multimodal-psychotherapy-for-major-depression
#20
Ulrike Dinger, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christoph Nikendei, Henning Schauenburg
: Reduced self-esteem is a core symptom of depression, but few studies have investigated within-treatment change of self-esteem as a predictor of long-term outcome in depression. This study investigated change in self-esteem during 8 weeks of multimodal, psychodynamically oriented psychotherapy for 40 depressed patients and tested whether it would predict outcome 6 months after termination. Data was drawn from a randomized clinical pilot trial on day-clinic versus inpatient psychotherapy for depression...
January 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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