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Interpersonal Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163868/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-war-traumatized-refugee-and-internally-displaced-minors-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Agnes Nocon, Rima Eberle-Sejari, Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Rita Rosner
Background: The United Nations reported that in 2016 over 65 million people worldwide have forcibly left home. Over 50% are children and adolescents; a substantial number has been traumatized and displaced by war. Objective: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in this group we conducted a narrative review and a meta-analysis of intervention studies providing data on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, anxiety, grief, and general distress. Method: We searched PILOTS, MEDLINE, WoS, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PsycINFO, ASSIA, CSA, and SA for studies on treatment outcomes for war-traumatized displaced children and adolescents...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163737/the-mechanisms-underlying-changes-in-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#2
Sei Ogawa, Risa Imai, Masako Suzuki, Toshi A Furukawa, Tatsuo Akechi
Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) patients commonly have broad dimensions of psychopathology. This study investigated the relationship between a wide range of psychopathology and attention or cognitions during cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for SAD. Methods: We treated 96 SAD patients with group CBT. Using multiple regression analysis, we examined the associations between the changes in broad dimensions of psychopathology and the changes in self-focused attention or maladaptive cognitions in the course of CBT...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163262/the-effects-of-psychotherapist-s-and-clients-interpersonal-behaviors-during-a-first-simulated-session-a-lab-study-investigating-client-satisfaction
#3
François Moors, Emmanuelle Zech
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of psychotherapists' behaviors during a first simulated therapy session on clients' satisfaction, including their intention to pursue or drop out from therapy. The importance of psychotherapists' warmth on clients' satisfaction was examined to check previous findings stressing this determining factor. Examining the role of warm behaviors is however insufficient according to the interpersonal perspective. We therefore tested the role of the psychotherapist's agentic behaviors since only a few studies provide contradictory results about the role of this interpersonal dimension on clients' satisfaction and how it is influenced by matching up client and therapist's profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163109/on-the-role-of-physical-interaction-on-performance-of-object-manipulation-by-dyads
#4
Keivan Mojtahedi, Qiushi Fu, Marco Santello
Human physical interactions can be intrapersonal, e.g., manipulating an object bimanually, or interpersonal, e.g., transporting an object with another person. In both cases, one or two agents are required to coordinate their limbs to attain the task goal. We investigated the physical coordination of two hands during an object-balancing task performed either bimanually by one agent or jointly by two agents. The task consisted of a series of static (holding) and dynamic (moving) phases, initiated by auditory cues...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154581/supervisor-employee-power-distance-incompatibility-gender-similarity-and-relationship-conflict-a-test-of-interpersonal-interaction-theory
#5
Katrina A Graham, Scott B Dust, Jonathan C Ziegert
According to interpersonal interaction theory, relational harmony surfaces when two individuals have compatible interaction styles. Building from this theory, we propose that supervisor-employee power distance orientation incompatibility will be related to employees' experience of higher levels of relationship conflict with their supervisors. Additionally, we propose an asymmetrical incongruence effect such that relationship conflict will be highest when supervisors are high in power distance and employees are low in power distance...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#6
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#7
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102818/pharmacotherapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-interpersonal-predictors-of-outcome-and-the-mediating-role-of-the-working-alliance
#8
Jonah N Cohen, Deborah A G Drabick, Carlos Blanco, Franklin R Schneier, Michael R Liebowitz, Richard G Heimberg
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly prevalent and associated with high levels of impairment and distress. Therapies for SAD leave many patients symptomatic at the end of treatment, and little is known about predictors or mechanisms of treatment outcome. Given the interpersonal dysfunction fundamental to SAD, this study investigated whether prominent interpersonal features of SAD (submissive behavior, childhood maltreatment, suppression of anger, and depression) predicted attrition and response to pharmacotherapy and whether the working alliance mediated these relationships...
December 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#9
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089145/the-empirical-status-of-the-third-wave-behaviour-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Christopher G Fairburn, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Leah Brennan
Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT)...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083223/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jake Linardon, Tracey D Wade, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for eating disorders. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials of CBT were searched. Seventy-nine trials were included. RESULTS: Therapist-led CBT was more efficacious than inactive (wait-lists) and active (any psychotherapy) comparisons in individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Therapist-led CBT was most efficacious when manualized CBT-BN or its enhanced version was delivered...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064556/patients-and-therapists-experiences-of-general-change-mechanisms-during-bug-in-the-eye-and-delayed-video-based-supervised-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Thomas Probst, Marion Jakob, Yvonne M Kaufmann, Julia M B Müller-Neng, Martin Bohus, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVE: This secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial investigated whether bug-in-the-eye (BITE) supervision (live computer-based supervision during a psychotherapy session) affects the manner in which patients and therapists experience general change mechanisms (GCMs) during cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHOD: A total of 23 therapists were randomized either to the BITE condition or the control condition (delayed video-based [DVB] supervision)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063432/stressors-in-atopic-dermatitis
#13
Steven Barilla, Kayla Felix, Joseph L Jorizzo
As with other inflammatory skin disorders, atopic dermatitis has a tendency to cause stress and also be exacerbated by it. Patients with atopic dermatitis have several disease-associated stressors, some of which include physical discomfort due to itching and altered appearance due to flare-ups. These stressors have been shown to effect patients psychosocially by altering sleep patterns, decreasing self-esteem and interfering with interpersonal relationships. In combination with its direct effect on patients, atopic dermatitis also causes stress for parents and caregivers...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058290/mental-health-status-assessment-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-infertility-patients-a-pilot-study
#14
Sai-Jiao Li, Dan-Ni Zhou, Wei Li, Jing Yang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major endocrine disorder afflicting women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from mental health disturbances than healthy women. The "infertility" suffered by PCOS patients would also lead to mental health disturbances. Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and questionnaire which includes patients' socio-economic and demographic data were used to assess the mental health status of PCOS (n=103) and non-PCOS (n=110) infertile patients. Logistic regression analysis and t-tests were used for comparative analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#15
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044551/disordered-eating-and-obesity-associations-between-binge-eating-disorder-night-eating-syndrome-and-weight-related-comorbidities
#16
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Madelyn Ruggieri, Kelly C Allison
Binge-eating disorder (BED) and night-eating syndrome (NES) are two forms of disordered eating associated with overweight and obesity. While these disorders also occur in nonobese persons, they seem to be associated with weight gain over time and higher risk of diabetes and other metabolic dysfunction. BED and NES are also associated with higher risk of psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and sleep problems, than those of similar weight status without disordered eating. Treatments are available, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, lisdexamfetamine, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for BED; and CBT, SSRIs, progressive muscle relaxation, and bright light therapy for NES...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042177/antibiotic-exposure-and-interpersonal-variance-mask-the-effect-of-ivacaftor-on-respiratory-microbiota-composition
#17
Anton Y Peleg, Jocelyn M Choo, Katherine M Langan, Deirdre Edgeworth, Dominic Keating, John Wilson, Geraint B Rogers, Tom Kotsimbos
BACKGROUND: G551D is a class III mutation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) that results in impaired chloride channel function in cystic fibrosis (CF). Ivacaftor, a CFTR-potentiating agent improves sweat chloride, weight, lung function, and pulmonary exacerbation rate in CF patients with G551D mutations, but its effect on the airway microbiome remains poorly characterised. METHODS: Twenty CF patients with at least one G551D mutation from a single centre were recruited to a 4month double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study of ivacaftor with 28days of active treatment...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038682/depression-as-a-moderator-of-stair-narrative-therapy-for-women-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-abuse
#18
Marylene Cloitre, Donn W Garvert, Brandon J Weiss
Background: Depression among those who have experienced childhood abuse is associated with earlier onset, more persistent and severe symptoms, more frequent relapse, and poorer treatment outcomes across a variety of psychiatric disorders. In addition, individuals with a history of childhood abuse are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) co-occurring with depression. Objective: This study evaluated whether severity of depression moderated the outcome in a PTSD treatment for childhood abuse survivors...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034534/corrective-emotional-experience-in-an-integrative-affect-focused-therapy-building-a-preliminary-model-using-task-analysis
#19
Kaori Nakamura, Shigeru Iwakabe
OBJECTIVE: The present study constructed a preliminary process model of corrective emotional experience (CEE) in an integrative affect-focused therapy. METHOD: Task analysis was used to analyse 6 in-session events taken from 6 Japanese clients who worked with an integrative affect-focused therapist. The 6 events included 3 successful CEEs and 3 partially successful CEEs for comparison. RESULTS: A rational-empirical model of CEE was generated, which consisted of two parallel client change processes, intrapersonal change and interpersonal change, and the therapist interventions corresponding to each process...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034259/problem-adaptation-therapy-for-pain-path-pain-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-and-negative-emotions-in-primary-care
#20
Dimitris N Kiosses, Lisa D Ravdin, Amy Stern, Ruth Bolier, Cara Kenien, M Carrington Reid
Chronic pain is highly prevalent in older adults, contributes to activity restriction and social isolation, disrupts family and interpersonal relationships, and poses a significant economic burden to society. Negative emotions such as sadness, anxiety, helplessness, and hopelessness are associated with chronic pain and contribute to poor quality of life, impaired interpersonal and social functioning, and increased disability. Psychosocial interventions for older adults with chronic pain have been historically developed for, and are almost exclusively delivered to, cognitively intact patients...
2017: Geriatrics (Basel)
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