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Interpersonal Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#1
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#2
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347888/patient-baseline-interpersonal-problems-as-moderators-of-outcome-in-two-psychotherapies-for-bulimia-nervosa
#3
Juan Martin Gomez Penedo, Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Samantha L Bernecker, Lotte Smith-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: We tested an aptitude by treatment interaction; namely, whether patients' baseline interpersonal problems moderated the comparative efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) vs. interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: Data derived from a randomized-controlled trial. Patients reported on their interpersonal problems at baseline; purge frequency at baseline, midtreatment, and posttreatment; and global eating disorder severity at baseline and posttreatment...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345581/premorbid-and-illness-related-social-difficulties-in-eating-disorders-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-treatment-developments
#4
Valentina Cardi, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure
Social difficulties in eating disorders can manifest as predisposing traits and premorbid difficulties, and/or as consequences of the illness. Objective The aim of this paper is to briefly review the evidence for social problems in people with eating disorders and to consider the literature on treatments that target these features. Method A narrative review of the literature was conducted. Results People with eating disorders often manifest traits, such as shyness, increased tendency to submissiveness and social comparison, and problems with peer relationships before illness onset...
January 17, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#5
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327603/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-patient-centered-goal-setting-practices-of-allied-health-clinicians-working-in-rehabilitation
#6
Lisa J Cameron, Lisa M Somerville, Catherine E Naismith, Dina Watterson, Valentina Maric, Natasha A Lannin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways clinicians engage rehabilitation patients in patient-centered goal setting and identify factors influencing the goal-setting process. DESIGN: Ethnographic study utilizing observed practice-thematic analysis. SETTING: Four rehabilitation wards of a large metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Participants included 17 rehabilitation patients, 18 allied health clinicians and one family member...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314304/role-of-telehealth-in-renal-replacement-therapy-education
#7
Anna Malkina, Delphine S Tuot
The prevalence of end-stage renal disease is rising in the United States, which bears high financial and public health burden. The most common modality of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the United States is in-center hemodialysis. Many patients report lack of comprehensive and timely education about their treatment options, which may preclude them from participating in home-based dialysis therapies and kidney transplantation evaluation. While RRT education has traditionally been provided in-person, the rise of telehealth has afforded new opportunities to improve upon the status quo...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303947/outcomes-of-acute-partial-hospital-treatment-comparison-of-two-programs-and-a-waiting-list-control
#8
Paul B Lieberman, Rendueles Villalba, Samantha G Farris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of acute, very brief partial hospital treatment, and the comparative benefits of different types of partial hospitalization programs (PHPs), this exploratory study examined changes in psychiatric symptoms and elements of cognitive functioning during an acute PHP compared with a waiting list control, and also compared such changes in 2 PHPs that treated similar patient groups but used different treatment approaches. METHODS: Patients were admitted to 2 PHPs, one utilizing cognitive-behavioral therapy and the other interpersonal and existential psychotherapy...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297594/the-impact-of-undergraduate-occupational-therapy-students-interpersonal-skills-on-their-practice-education-performance-a-pilot-study
#9
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Carolynne White, Celia Marston, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Interpersonal skills such as active listening, verbal communication and body language are essential competencies for occupational therapists, and students are expected to demonstrate these skills when completing practice placements. To investigate whether interpersonal skills are predictive of occupational therapy students' practice performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving third and fourth year occupational therapy undergraduate students (n = 70)...
January 3, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294975/analyze-this-thematic-analysis-hostility-attribution-of-intent-and-interpersonal-perception-bias
#10
Zhana Karadenizova, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Research suggests that aggressive individuals exhibit a strong tendency to attribute hostile intent to the behavior of others when confronted with an ambiguous social situation. The vignettes method has become a standard procedure to assess hostile attributions. Vignettes represent incomplete ambiguous social stories, in which the subjects experience a negative outcome and are asked to attribute intent to the provocateur's action. This article explores the ways in which subjects perceive ambiguous social situations and other people's intentions, their tendency to refer negative outcome to oneself, and the components defining hostility in the interpersonal relationships...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294731/therapeutic-change-in-group-therapy-for-interpersonal-trauma-a-relational-framework-for-research-and-clinical-practice
#11
Zoë Chouliara, Thanos Karatzias, Angela Gullone, Sandra Ferguson, Katie Cosgrove, Claire Burke Draucker
Our understanding of therapeutic change processes in group therapy for complex interpersonal trauma has been limited. The present study aimed at addressing this gap by developing a framework of therapeutic change in this field from a survivor and therapist perspective. This is a qualitative study, which utilized semistructured individual interviews. Transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) to identify recurrent themes. A final sample of n = 16 patients and n = 5 facilitators completed the interview...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273344/the-effects-of-oxytocin-on-social-cognition-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
A Servan, J Brunelin, E Poulet
INTRODUCTION: Deficits in social cognition and interpersonal difficulties are key features in borderline personality disorder. Social cognition refers to the function of perceiving and adequately dealing with social signals, leading to the establishment and maintenance of healthy and positive social relationships. Evidence suggests that oxytocin (OT) may improve social cognition and human social behavior. Recently, several studies have highlighted the beneficial effects of oxytocin in several psychiatric conditions involving social cognition deficits such as schizophrenia, autism or social phobia...
December 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249674/psychosocial-predictors-of-body-image-dissatisfaction-in-patients-referred-for-nhs-aesthetic-surgery
#13
Stuart J Moulton, Csilla Gullyas, Fiona J Hogg, Kevin G Power
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have researched psychosocial predictors of body image dissatisfaction exclusively within the National Health Service (NHS) aesthetic surgery patient populations, despite aesthetic surgery being offered on an exceptional basis. The Adult Exceptional Aesthetic Referral Protocol (AEARP) defines criteria for aesthetic surgery under the NHS in Scotland. The protocol requires psychological assessment prior to surgery for the majority of aesthetic surgery procedures offered...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238317/therapeutic-self-disclosure-within-dbt-schema-therapy-and-cbasp-opportunities-and-challenges
#14
Stephan Köhler, Anne Guhn, Felix Betzler, Christian Stiglmayr, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Philipp Sterzer
In recent years, various therapeutic interventions have been established that extended behavior and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) by so-called "third-wave" strategies. In order to address specific therapeutic challenges in certain subgroups of patients who do not sufficiently respond to "classical CBT," some of these third-wave strategies put particular emphasis on therapist self-disclosure. This article highlights therapeutic self-disclosure as a means to address interpersonal problems by comparing three third-wave strategies: (a) acceptance and change strategies as used in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), (b) the concept of "limited reparenting" as used in Schema Therapy (ST), and (c) disciplined personal involvement as used in the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236624/a-socio-ecological-examination-of-treatment-access-uptake-and-adherence-issues-encountered-by-hiv-positive-women-in-rural-north-central-nigeria
#15
Llewellyn J Cornelius, Salome C Erekaha, Joshua N Okundaye, Nadia A Sam-Agudu
BACKGROUND: In spite of the global decline in HIV infections, sub-Saharan Africa still accounts for a non-proportional majority of global new infections. While many studies have documented the importance of facilitating access to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) as a means of reducing infections, the relationship between interpersonal, community, healthcare facility, and policy-level factors and treatment adherence in Africa have not been well-described. The authors examined these factors in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in rural north-central Nigeria, where HIV burden is high and service coverage is low...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225450/therapist-use-of-specific-and-nonspecific-strategies-across-two-affect-focused-psychotherapies-for-depression-role-of-adherence-monitoring
#16
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Laren R Conklin, John C Markowitz, Stacy E Martin, Holly A Swartz
Psychotherapists routinely use both specific and non-specific strategies to deliver empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Psychotherapy adherence monitoring has traditionally focused on assessing therapist use of EST-specific strategies (to distinguish between ESTs), paying less attention to non-specific techniques common to multiple psychotherapies. This study used the Collaborative Study Psychotherapy Rating Scale (CSPRS) to evaluate therapist use of both specific and non-specific techniques in two affect-focused ESTs for depression...
September 2017: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215566/multi-family-pediatric-pain-group-therapy-capturing-acceptance-and-cultivating-change
#17
Samantha E Huestis, Grace Kao, Ashley Dunn, Austin T Hilliard, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu, Rashmi P Bhandari
Behavioral health interventions for pediatric chronic pain include cognitive-behavioral (CBT), acceptance and commitment (ACT), and family-based therapies, though literature regarding multi-family therapy (MFT) is sparse. This investigation examined the utility and outcomes of the Courage to Act with Pain: Teens Identifying Values, Acceptance, and Treatment Effects (CAPTIVATE) program, which included all three modalities (CBT, ACT, MFT) for youth with chronic pain and their parents. Program utility, engagement, and satisfaction were evaluated via quantitative and qualitative feedback...
December 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#18
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205082/energetic-modalities-as-a-self-care-technique-to-reduce-stress-in-nursing-students
#19
Deborah Kramer
This article describes the outcomes of nursing students taking a course in complementary and alternative therapies focusing on energetic modalities that were used as a means of self-care. Students kept journal logs and did a formal presentation for the class. Nursing students reported decreased stress and improved concentration, academic performance, productivity, and problem-solving while experiencing a greater appreciation of their clinical experiences. Using Therapeutic Touch and other subtle energy interactions, the students also cited improved interpersonal relationships, increased feelings of calmness, a higher degree of self-awareness and self-care, reduced physical pain, increased energy, and greater appreciation of the world around them...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199876/perceived-factors-influencing-hospital-based-primary-care-clinic-referrals-to-community-health-medical-nutrition-therapy-an-exploratory-study
#20
Priscilla A Barnes, Carol Weiss-Kennedy, Samantha Schaefer, Erin Fogarty, Krisha Thiagarajah, David K Lohrmann
Primary care clinics provide an array of diagnostic and clinical services that assist patients in preventing the onset or managing acute and chronic conditions. Some chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes require primary care professionals to seek additional medical intervention from registered dieticians. This study explored beliefs, attitudes, and practices of medical and administrative professionals in primary care clinics encountering patients who are potential candidates for ongoing nutrition education or counselling...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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