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Interpersonal Therapy

Jae A Puckett, Peter Cleary, Kinton Rossman, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
Gender-affirming care, including hormone therapy, "top" (e.g., chest reconstruction surgery) and "bottom" (e.g., vaginoplasty, phalloplasty, metoidioplasty, etc.) surgeries, and puberty blockers, is an efficacious treatment of gender dysphoria for transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. However, many TGNC people encounter significant barriers in accessing gender-affirming care, which we detail via results from on online study. Participants included 256 TGNC individuals (78...
March 2018: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
Christian Gostečnik, Tanja Repič Slavič, Tanja Pate, Robert Cvetek
The mechanism of projective and introjective identification has been re-evaluated in modern analysis. It is no longer just about the transference of mental content to an other, rather it addresses also the deepest psycho-organic sensations and vibrations, which in turn become the basis for interpersonal and family dialogues. The goal of this article is also to lay out the fundamental dynamics of body language as understood by the relational family paradigm. It is a novel analytical perspective on the individual, who is always part of any relational family configuration...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Alex Hains, Atanas Janackovski, Frank P Deane, Kathryn Rankin
The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS; Joiner, ) provides a model for understanding the mechanisms underlying suicide risk, but there is limited research measuring change in the constructs over the course of treatment. This study aimed to test whether changes in perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB) mediated the effects of changes in depression and hopelessness on suicide risk. The sample comprised 226 Australian young people (aged 12-24; 67.7% female; 5.7% Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) receiving short-term psychological treatment for suicide-related behaviors...
March 7, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Anne-Julie Lafrenaye-Dugas, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert
While it is documented that clients consulting in sex therapy tend to report high rates of childhood interpersonal traumas (e.g., physical, psychological and sexual abuse), which are associated to insecure attachment and poorer therapeutic alliance, the interrelations of these variables have not yet been evaluated in this specific population. This study examined the associations between attachment, cumulative trauma and therapeutic alliance in 278 sex therapy patients who filled out self-report questionnaires...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
P Cuijpers, E Karyotaki, M Reijnders, D D Ebert
AIMS: In the 1950s, Eysenck suggested that psychotherapies may not be effective at all. Twenty-five years later, the first meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials showed that the effects of psychotherapies were considerable and that Eysenck was wrong. However, since that time methods have become available to assess biases in meta-analyses. METHODS: We examined the influence of these biases on the effects of psychotherapies for adult depression, including risk of bias, publication bias and the exclusion of waiting list control groups...
February 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Man-Kyu Song, Soo-Hee Choi, Do-Hyeong Lee, Kyung-Jun Lee, Won Joon Lee, Do-Hyung Kang
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in patients with chronic pain. However, the efficacy of CBT for impaired empathy has not been studied in this population. We investigated the effect of CBT on empathy in patients with chronic pain. Methods: Patients with severe chronic pain were recruited. Empathy was assessed before and after CBT using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). The patients underwent eight sessions over the course of 1 month conducted...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Vivienne M Colegrove, Sophie S Havighurst, Christiane E Kehoe, Stine L Jacobsen
For parents who have experienced childhood interpersonal trauma, the challenges of parenting an adolescent may trigger memories of abuse, intensifying conflict, resulting in negative cycles of relating and poorer responsiveness to emotions when parenting. This study examined whether Tuning Relationships with Music, a dyadic therapy for parents and adolescents, increased responsive parent-adolescent interactions and parent emotion coaching whilst reducing conflict and adolescent mental health difficulties. Twenty-six parent-adolescent dyads were recruited if parents had a trauma history and the dyad were currently having high levels of conflict...
February 24, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
James Bennett-Levy, Amy Finlay-Jones
Prior to 2000, personal practice (PP) for therapists mostly meant personal therapy. Recently a new landscape of PPs has emerged, with meditation-based programs and therapy self-practice/self-reflection (SP/SR) programs playing an increasing role in training and personal/professional development. The challenge now for practitioners and researchers is to refocus on the role of PPs in training and professional development. Are PPs of value - or not? Do they have a role in therapist development? How might PPs enhance therapist skilfulness? Do different PPs act in similar or different ways? Currently, the PP literature lacks a theoretical framework to guide practitioners in their choice of PPs or researchers in their choice of research questions and measures...
February 27, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Suzanne C van Bronswijk, Lotte H J M Lemmens, Marcus J H Huibers, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk P M L Peeters
BACKGROUND: Anxious depression is an important subtype of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) defined by both syndromal (anxiety disorders) and dimensional (anxiety symptoms) criteria. A debated question is how anxiety affects MDD treatment. This study examined the impact of comorbid anxiety disorders and symptoms on the effectiveness of and dropout during Cognitive Therapy (CT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) for MDD. METHODS: Depressed individuals were randomized to CT (n = 76) or IPT (n = 75)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
T Nogueira, M Adorno, E Mendonça, C Leles
BACKGROUND: Facial disfigurement has been considered one of the most challenging consequences of the surgical treatment for head and neck cancer patients, mainly due to the importance of the facial region for the personal identity, body self-image and interpersonal interactions, which might affect negatively the quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with the quality of life of subjects with facial disfigurement due to surgical treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrieved from 103 patient's medical records and quality of life data were collected using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT-H&N) questionnaire...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Soizic Argaud, Marc Vérin, Paul Sauleau, Didier Grandjean
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder classically characterized by motor symptoms. Among them, hypomimia affects facial expressiveness and social communication and has a highly negative impact on patients' and relatives' quality of life. Patients also frequently experience nonmotor symptoms, including emotional-processing impairments, leading to difficulty in recognizing emotions from faces. Aside from its theoretical importance, understanding the disruption of facial emotion recognition in PD is crucial for improving quality of life for both patients and caregivers, as this impairment is associated with heightened interpersonal difficulties...
February 23, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Noortje I van Vliet, Rafaele J C Huntjens, Maarten K van Dijk, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: The treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to a history of sexual and/or physical abuse in childhood is the subject of international debate, with some favouring a phase-based approach as their preferred treatment, while others argue for immediate trauma-focused treatment. A history of (chronic) traumatisation during childhood has been linked to the development of distinct symptoms that are often labelled as symptoms of complex PTSD. Many therapists associate the presence of symptoms of complex PTSD with a less favourable treatment prognosis...
February 22, 2018: Trials
Jeanne C Watson
An important objective in humanistic-experiential psychotherapies and particularly emotion-focused psychotherapy (EFT) is to map patterns of change. Effective mapping of the processes and pathways of change requires that in-session processes be linked to in-session resolutions, immediate post-session changes, intermediate outcome, final therapy outcome, and longer-term change. This is a challenging and long-term endeavour. Fine-grained descriptions of in-session processes that lead to resolution of specific interpersonal and intrapersonal issues linked with longer-term outcomes are the foundation of EFT, the process-experiential approach...
February 21, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Krzysztof Nowosielski, Konrad S Jankowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Jacek Kurpisz, Małgorzata Normantowicz-Zakrzewska, Aleksandra Krasowska
INTRODUCTION: The sexual self-schema is a part of a broader concept of the self that is believed to be crucial for intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual relationships. AIM: To develop and perform psychometric validation of the Polish version of the Sexual Self-Schema Scale for Women (SSSS-W-PL). METHODS: 561 women 18 to 55 years old were included in the final analysis. Linguistic validation was performed in 4 steps in line with the MAPI Institute guidelines...
February 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Melanie S Harned, Chelsey R Wilks, Sara C Schmidt, Trevor N Coyle
Although functional impairment typically improves during evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for borderline personality disorder (BPD), functional levels often remain suboptimal after treatment. The present pilot study evaluated whether and how integrating PTSD treatment into an EBP for BPD would improve functional outcomes. Participants were 26 women with BPD, PTSD, and recent suicidal and/or self-injurious behavior who were randomized to receive one year of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) or DBT with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol for PTSD...
February 6, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Lotte Hendriks, Rianne A de Kleine, Theo G Broekman, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Agnes van Minnen
Background: Suboptimal response and high dropout rates leave room for improvement of trauma-focused treatment (TFT) effectiveness in ameliorating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Objective: To explore the effectiveness and safety of intensive prolonged exposure (iPE) targeting chronic PTSD patients with a likely diagnosis of ICD-11 Complex PTSD following multiple interpersonal trauma and a history of multiple treatment attempts. Method: Participants (N = 73) received iPE in 12 × 90-minute sessions over four days (intensive phase) followed by four weekly 90-minute booster prolonged exposure (PE) sessions (booster phase)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Suzanne E Luty, Sebastiano Scalia
OBJECTIVES: There are limited options for depressed patients to have access to evidence-based psychotherapies in the community. This pilot study explored the feasibility of delivering interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to clients in a community support agency. METHOD: A total of 18 clients with depression completed at least eight sessions of IPT (range 8-13) and 17 completed a range of pre- and post-treatment measures. RESULTS: Clients had a high level of depression and were functioning poorly...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
R Meister, A Jansen, M Berger, H Baumeister, T Bschor, T Harfst, M Hautzinger, L Kriston, C Kühner, H Schauenburg, S G Schorr, F Schneider, M Härter
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are associated with a high burden of suffering and significantly reduce the well-being and the self-esteem of affected patients. Psychotherapy is one of the main treatment options for depressive disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to present the current evidence for antidepressive psychotherapeutic treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the revision of the German S3- and National Disease Management Guideline (NDMG) on unipolar depression in 2015, a comprehensive and systematic evidence search was conducted...
January 30, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Keely Gordon-King, Robert D Schweitzer, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Metacognitive interpersonal therapy (MIT) is an integrative psychotherapeutic approach targeting personality disorders (PDs) featuring inhibition and avoidance. The current case series reports the outcome of a time-limited, 12-month MIT intervention for people with PDs featuring emotional inhibition. Seven participants were diagnosed with a PD on the basis of a structured clinical interview. The study followed a multiple baseline design, with baseline measures taken for 3 weeks before intervention. Participants underwent 12 months of weekly MIT sessions, with outcome measures taken every 3 months...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Olivia M Dean, Emma Gliddon, Tamsyn E Van Rheenen, Francesco Giorlando, Sandra K Davidson, Manreena Kaur, Trung T Ngo, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder is a complex illness often requiring combinations of therapies to successfully treat symptoms. In recent years, there have been significant advancements in a number of therapies for bipolar disorder. It is therefore timely to provide an overview of current adjunctive therapeutic options to help treating clinicians to inform their patients and work towards optimal outcomes. METHODS: Publications were identified from PubMed searches on bipolar disorder and pharmacotherapy, nutraceuticals, hormone therapy, psychoeducation, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, cognitive remediation, mindfulness, e-Health and brain stimulation techniques...
January 25, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
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