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Interpersonal Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766615/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-the-health-care-professionals-perspective
#1
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761488/psychological-therapies-for-treatment-resistant-depression-in-adults
#2
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Philippa Davies, Catherine J Williams, David Kessler, Glyn Lewis, Nicola Wiles
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants are a first-line treatment for adults with moderate to severe major depression. However, many people prescribed antidepressants for depression don't respond fully to such medication, and little evidence is available to inform the most appropriate 'next step' treatment for such patients, who may be referred to as having treatment-resistant depression (TRD). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance suggests that the 'next step' for those who do not respond to antidepressants may include a change in the dose or type of antidepressant medication, the addition of another medication, or the start of psychotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#3
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755256/alliance-across-group-treatment-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-role-of-interpersonal-trauma-and-treatment-type
#4
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Scott D Litwack, Karen A Ryabchenko, Barbara L Niles, J Gayle Beck, William Unger, Denise M Sloan
Objective: Examine initial levels and pattern of change of alliance in group treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for veterans. Method: One hundred and seventy-eight male veterans with PTSD were recruited for this study. Participants were randomly assigned to either group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) or to group present-centered therapy (GPCT). Alliance with fellow group members was assessed every other session throughout the group (total of seven assessments)...
March 2018: Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740361/-gold-standards-plurality-and-monocultures-the-need-for-diversity-in-psychotherapy
#5
Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Mark J Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. CBT undoubtedly has its strengths and CBT researchers have to be credited for developing and testing treatments for many mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719093/interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-mood-and-behavior-dysregulation-pilot-randomized-trial
#6
Leslie Miller, Stefanie A Hlastala, Laura Mufson, Ellen Leibenluft, Gayane Yenokyan, Mark Riddle
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic irritability and excessive reactivity, diagnosed as disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), have social impairment in multiple settings (i.e., peers, school, and home). This paper presents a pilot randomized trial assessing the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for mood and behavior dysregulation (IPT-MBD), an adapted version of IPT for depressed adolescents. IPT-MBD focuses on decreasing outbursts and irritability and improving interpersonal interactions...
May 2, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713292/avatar-therapy-for-persistent-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-an-ultra-resistant-schizophrenia-patient-a-case-report
#7
Laura Dellazizzo, Stéphane Potvin, Kingsada Phraxayavong, Pierre Lalonde, Alexandre Dumais
Effective treatment strategies for schizophrenia remain very challenging and many treatment-resistant patients will suffer from persistent auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). While clozapine is the gold-standard medication for this complex population, many will not respond to this molecule. For these ultra-resistant patients, limited options are available. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most widely used psychological intervention, though it offers modest effects. With the interpersonal dimension of AVH being recognized, Avatar Therapy (AT), a novel experiential treatment enabling patients to create an avatar of their persecutor and allowing them to gain control over their symptoms, was developed and tested...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707386/cognitive-behavioural-theories-and-adherence-application-and-relevance-in-antiretroviral-therapy
#8
Adegoke O Adefolalu
Background: Adherence in chronic disease conditions is described as the extent to which a person's behaviour corresponds to the prescribed medical advice of the healthcare provider. This is not limited to medication intake only but also includes acts such as following instructions regarding dietary or fluid restrictions and taking medicines at the prescribed times and intervals. Although adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a predictor of good clinical outcome among HIV-infected persons on ART, it is a major challenge and strict adherence is not very common...
2018: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699761/prospective-evaluation-of-self-reported-aggression-in-transgender-persons
#9
Justine Defreyne, Guy T'Sjoen, Walter Pierre Bouman, Nicola Brewin, Jon Arcelus
BACKGROUND: Although research on the relation between testosterone and aggression in humans is inconclusive, guidelines (including the World Professional Association for Transgender Health Standards of Care, edition 7) have warned for an increase in aggression in transgender men taking testosterone treatment. AIMS: To investigate the association between levels of testosterone and aggression in treatment-seeking transgender people and explore the role of mental health psychopathology (anxiety and depressive symptoms) and social support in aggression in this population...
May 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695941/a-naturalistic-study-on-the-relationship-among-resilient-factors-psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-a-sample-of-residential-patients-with-psychosis
#10
Nicola Poloni, Daniele Zizolfi, Marta Ielmini, Roberto Pagani, Ivano Caselli, Marcello Diurni, Anna Milano, Camilla Callegari
Objective: Resilience is a multidimensional process of adaptation aimed to overcome stressful or traumatic life experiences; only in the last few years it has been considered as a personal resource in psychosis and schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the relationship between intrapersonal and interpersonal resilience factors and schizophrenia, particularly whether and how resilience can improve the course of psychotic illness. Patients and methods: In this observational study, all patients recruited had to fulfill the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorder ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 ); aged between 18 and 65 years; provided written informed consent; to be clinically stable (Clinical Global Impression Scale <3); history of illness ≥5 years; to be compliant with antipsychotic therapy over the last year; and regular submission to periodic monthly psychiatric visits...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672085/promoting-forgiveness-characteristics-of-the-treatment-the-clients-and-their-interaction
#11
Nathaniel G Wade, Marilyn A Cornish, Jeritt R Tucker, Everett L Worthington, Steven J Sandage, Mark S Rye
Forgiveness-based group treatments to address interpersonal hurts have been shown to be efficacious across a range of therapy models (Wade, Hoyt, Kidwell, & Worthington, 2014). However, little is known about how treatment and individual characteristics may interact in predicting outcomes. The present study examined a sample of 162 community adults randomly assigned to three treatment conditions; an 8-week REACH Forgiveness intervention (Worthington, 2006), an 8-week process group, and a waitlist control...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671113/personal-and-clinical-social-support-and-adherence-to-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-among-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-patients-in-an-integrated-health-care-system
#12
Candyce H Kroenke, Dawn L Hershman, Scarlett L Gomez, Sara R Adams, Elizabeth H Eldridge, Marilyn L Kwan, Isaac J Ergas, Ai Kubo, Lawrence H Kushi
PURPOSE: We evaluated associations between personal and clinical social support and non-adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) in a large, Northern California breast cancer (BC) cohort from an integrated healthcare network. METHODS: This study included 3382 women from the Pathways Study diagnosed from 2005 to 2013 with stages I-III hormone receptor-positive BC and who responded to the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support and Interpersonal Processes of Care surveys, approximately 2 months post-diagnosis...
April 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665518/early-intervention-for-adolescents-at-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-interpersonal-and-social-rhythm-therapy-ipsrt
#13
Tina R Goldstein, John Merranko, Megan Krantz, Matthew Garcia, Peter Franzen, Jessica Levenson, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot randomized trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy plus Data-Informed Referral (IPSRT + DIR) versus DIR-alone for adolescents at-risk for bipolar disorder (BP). METHOD: Eligible participants included youth (12-18) with a BP parent; youth with BP were excluded. Participants (n = 42) were randomized to receive IPSRT + DIR to treat any psychiatric disorders present at baseline, or DIR-alone. A blind evaluator assessed outcomes at baseline, 3- and 6-months...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648858/the-effect-of-alliance-focused-training-on-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-personality-disorders
#14
J Christopher Muran, Jeremy D Safran, Catherine F Eubanks, Bernard S Gorman
OBJECTIVE: To improve success rates in psychotherapy, we developed and evaluated an alliance-focused training (AFT) protocol with regard to patient-therapist interpersonal behavior in a 30-session protocol of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for outpatients comorbid with Axis I and II conditions. METHOD: Participants included 40 patients treated by 40 therapists in a multiple baseline design in which novice therapists trained to fidelity standards in CBT were introduced to AFT at different time intervals (after either 8 or 16 sessions) during a 30-session CBT protocol...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624832/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-in-group-mit-g-for-young-adults-with-personality-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Raffaele Popolo, Angus MacBeth, Flaviano Canfora, Daniela Rebecchi, Cecilia Toselli, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Young adults with personality disorders (PD) other than borderline are in urgent need of validated treatments to help them in managing important life transitions. Therapeutic interventions focused upon social and interpersonal difficulties may facilitate these individuals in maximizing opportunities for employment, forming stable romantic relationships, and belong to social groups. It is also important that they are offered evidence-based, first-line time-limited treatments in order to maximize effectiveness and reduce costs...
April 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623576/understanding-racial-ethnic-differences-in-breast-cancer-related-physical-well-being-the-role-of-patient-provider-interactions
#16
Devon K Check, Neetu Chawla, Marilyn L Kwan, Laura Pinheiro, Janise M Roh, Isaac J Ergas, Anita L Stewart, Tatjana Kolevska, Christine Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi
PURPOSE: Racial/ethnic differences in cancer symptom burden are well documented, but limited research has evaluated modifiable factors underlying these differences. Our objective was to examine the role of patient-provider interactions to help explain the relationship between race/ethnicity and cancer-specific physical well-being (PWB) among women with breast cancer. METHODS: The Pathways Study is a prospective cohort study of 4505 women diagnosed with breast cancer at Kaiser Permanente Northern California between 2006 and 2013...
April 5, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606224/individual-versus-group-female-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#17
Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Kevin A Hallgren, Ayorkor Gaba, Sharon Cook, Noelle Jensen, Thomas Hildebrandt, Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Mark D Litt
OBJECTIVES: To test group-based Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (G-FS-CBT) for women with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) against an individual Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (I-FS-CBT). This aims of this paper are to describe G-FS-CBT development, content, feasibility, acceptability, group process, engagement in treatment, and within- and post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Women with AUD (n=155) were randomly assigned to 12 manual-guided sessions of G-FS-CBT or I-FS-CBT; 138 women attended at least one treatment session...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587745/high-antiretroviral-therapy-service-delivery-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-at-midre-genet-hospital-northwest-tigray-ethiopia
#18
Kiflay Gebremariam Atsebeha, Daniel Haile Chercos
BACKGROUND: Patient's satisfaction occurs when patients feel their needs and expectations are being meet by the service delivery they receive in health institutions. The Objective of this research was to assess HIV/AIDS patients' satisfaction with antiretroviral therapy service delivery and its associated factors at Midre - Genet hospital, Northwest Tigray, Ethiopia. METHODS: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted. Four hundred twenty study respondents were selected using systematic random sampling technique...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579723/attachment-and-eating-disorders-a-research-update
#19
REVIEW
Giorgio A Tasca
Prominent models of eating disorders tend to focus on cognitive and behavioral features, but tend not to consider important developmental issues related to affect regulation, interpersonal style, self concept, and mentalization-all of which are well conceptualized within attachment theory. Higher levels of attachment insecurity across diagnoses are related to greater eating disorder symptoms. Low parental care and early trauma may lead to attachment insecurity that then might lead to greater eating disorder symptoms...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575877/social-functioning-and-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#20
Ewelina Dziwota, Marian Zdzisław Stepulak, Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Marcin Olajossy
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia to a considerably great degree impairs the social functioning of the persons affected in the spheres of interpersonal and occupational contacts, as well as self-care. It brings about serious cognitive, perceptual, motor and emotional deficits, inevitably leading to the social withdrawal of patients. This phenomenon may assume various forms, from the limitations in interpersonal relations, through narrowing these relations to only some circumstances, to the total cessation of social contacts...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
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