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Interpersonal Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438496/from-the-implementing-best-practice-guidelines-in-pain-assessment-and-management-on-a-women-s-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-exploring-patients-perceptions
#1
Cheryl Rolin-Gilman, Bonnie Fournier, Kristin Cleverley
Assessing and managing chronic pain in women with histories of interpersonal trauma, mood disorders and co-morbid addiction is complex. The aim of this paper is to report on the findings from a quality improvement project exploring women's experiences who have co-occurring mental health issues, addiction and chronic pain. Exploring perceptions was an initial step in implementing the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) Best Practice Guideline (BPG) on the Assessment and Management of Pain. Focus group discussions were conducted using an exploratory design with 10 women who were hospitalized in an acute psychiatric unit...
April 21, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434091/continued-bullying-victimization-in-adolescents-maladaptive-schemas-as-a-mediational-mechanism
#2
Esther Calvete, Liria Fernández-González, Joaquín M González-Cabrera, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
Bullying victimization in adolescence is a significant social problem that can become persistent over time for some victims. However, there is an overall paucity of research examining the factors that contribute to continued bullying victimization. Schema therapy proposes a model that can help us understand why bullying victimization can be persistent for some victims. This study examines the role of maladaptive schemas, the key concept in schema therapy, as a mechanism of continued bullying victimization. The hypothesis was that maladaptive schemas of rejection mediate the predictive association between victimization in both the family and at school and future bullying victimization...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422576/mechanisms-of-action-contributing-to-reductions-in-suicide-attempts-following-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-military-personnel-a-test-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#3
Craig J Bryan, David S Wood, Alexis May, Alan L Peterson, Evelyn Wertenberger, M David Rudd
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy (BCBT) is associated with significant reductions in suicide attempts among military personnel. However, the underlying mechanisms of action contributing to reductions in suicide attempts in effective psychological treatments remain largely unknown. The present study conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of BCBT versus treatment as usual (TAU) to examine the mechanisms of action hypothesized by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPT): perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and fearlessness about death...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404701/diagnosis-and-management-of-psoriasis
#4
REVIEW
Whan B Kim, Dana Jerome, Jensen Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To provide primary care clinicians with an up-to-date and practical overview of the diagnosis and management of psoriasis. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for relevant meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and observational studies about the diagnosis and management of psoriasis. MAIN MESSAGE: Psoriasis is a chronic, multisystem inflammatory disease with predominantly skin and joint involvement...
April 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378452/challenges-in-building-interpersonal-care-in-organised-hospital-stroke-units-the-perspectives-of-stroke-survivors-family-caregivers-and-the-multidisciplinary-team
#5
Tony Ryan, Madeleine Harrison, Clare Gardiner, Amanda Jones
AIMS: To explore the organised stroke unit experience from the multiple perspectives of stroke survivor, family carer and the multi-disciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Organised stroke unit care reduces morbidity, mortality and institutionalisation and is promoted globally as the most effective form of acute and post-acute provision. Little research has focused upon how care is experienced in this setting from the perspectives of those who receive and provide care. DESIGN: The study used a qualitative approach, employing Framework Analysis...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376282/history-of-sexual-trauma-moderates-psychotherapy-outcome-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
John C Markowitz, Yuval Neria, Karina Lovell, Page E Van Meter, Eva Petkova
BACKGROUND: Moderators of differential psychotherapy outcome for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are rare, yet have crucial clinical importance. We tested the moderating effects of trauma type for three psychotherapies in 110 unmedicated patients with chronic DSM-IV PTSD. METHODS: Patients were randomized to 14 weeks of prolonged exposure (PE, N = 38), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT, N = 40), or relaxation therapy (RT, N = 32). The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) was the primary outcome measure...
April 4, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373800/the-effects-of-occupational-therapy-and-psychosocial-interventions-on-interpersonal-functioning-and-personal-and-social-performance-levels-of-corresponding-patients
#7
Soner Çakmak, Hüzün Süt, Sibel Öztürk, Lut Tamam, Ufuk Bal
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of occupational therapy and psychosocial interventions on the interpersonal functioning and individual and social performance levels of corresponding patients under the heading of psychosocial treatment approaches in psychiatry clinics as well as the attitudes of the patients in regard to those interventions. METHODS: In 2013, out of psychotic (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder/mania) and nonpsychotic (depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, alcohol dependence) inpatients in our clinic, 48 patients who participated in occupational activities were included in the study group and 43 patients who did not participate in these activities were included in the control group...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373210/psychosocial-interventions-for-self-harm-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempt-in-children-and-young-people-what-how-who-and-where
#8
Georgina Cox, Sarah Hetrick
We reviewed the evidence for the effectiveness of indicated individual psychosocial interventions for the treatment of self-harm, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in children and young people, with a particular emphasis on the emerging use of electronic methods to deliver psychological interventions. In total, 16 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were identified, none of which included children under the age of 12 years. Cognitive-behavioural therapy is the most commonly implemented approach in RCTs until now, although problem-solving therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, social support and distal support methods by provision of a green card and regular receipt of postcards have also been investigated...
April 3, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370932/investigating-strategies-used-by-hospital-pharmacists-to-effectively-communicate-with-patients-during-medication-counselling
#9
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William Neil Cottrell
BACKGROUND: Medication counselling opportunities are key times for pharmacists and patients to discuss medications and patients' concerns about their therapy. Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT) describes behavioural, motivational and emotional processes underlying communication exchanges. Five CAT strategies (approximation, interpretability, discourse management, emotional expression and interpersonal control) permit identification of effective communication. OBJECTIVE: To invoke CAT to investigate communication strategies used by hospital pharmacists during patient medication counselling...
March 30, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368779/a-multilevel-conceptual-framework-to-understand-the-role-of-food-insecurity-on-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-low-resource-settings-from-theory-to-practice
#10
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa
The objective of this study was to describe a multilevel conceptual framework to understand the role of food insecurity on antiretroviral therapy adherence. The authors illustrated an example of how they used the multilevel framework to develop an intervention for poor people living with HIV in a rural and low-resource community. The framework incorporates intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural-level theories of understanding and changing health behaviors. The framework recognizes the role of personal, social, and environmental factors on cognition and behavior, with particular attention to ways in which treatment adherence is enabled or prevented by structural conditions, such as food insecurity...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359425/contribution-of-group-therapeutic-factors-to-the-outcome-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-patients-with-panic-disorder
#11
Andressa Behenck, Ana Cristina Wesner, Débora Finkler, Elizeth Heldt
BACKGROUND: Investigating the contribution of therapeutic factors arising from the collective nature or group therapy to treat mental disorders may help therapists maximize the outcome of therapy. Studies about the role of therapeutic factors in cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for panic disorder (PD) patients are still scarce. OBJECTIVES: To identify the therapeutic factors rated as the most useful by patients during CBGT. Also, we aimed to investigate the relationship between patient rating of therapeutic factors and specific stages of CBGT...
April 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358808/interventions-to-treat-mental-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-multiple-treatment-meta-analysis
#12
Leontien M van Ravesteyn, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Astrid M Kamperman
BACKGROUND: For women suffering from an antepartum mental disorder (AMD), there is lack of evidence-based treatment algorithms due to the complicated risk-benefit analysis for both mother and unborn child. We aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to treat AMD and performed a meta-analysis of the estimated treatment effect on the psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: MedLine, PsycINFO and Embase databases were searched by two independent reviewers for clinical trials with a control condition on treatment of women with AMD, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346889/quantifying-the-dynamics-of-emotional-expressions-in-family-therapy-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Laurent Pezard, Karyn Doba, Annick Lesne, Jean-Louis Nandrino
Emotional interactions have been considered dynamical processes involved in the affective life of humans and their disturbances may induce mental disorders. Most studies of emotional interactions have focused on dyadic behaviors or self-reports of emotional states but neglected the dynamical processes involved in family therapy. The main objective of this study is to quantify the dynamics of emotional expressions and their changes using the family therapy of patients with anorexia nervosa as an example. Nonlinear methods characterize the variability of the dynamics at the level of the whole therapeutic system and reciprocal influence between the participants during family therapy...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337945/client-interpersonal-impacts-as-mediators-of-long-term-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-integrated-with-motivational-interviewing-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#14
Michael J Constantino, Felicia M Romano, Alice E Coyne, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
OBJECTIVE: A recent trial of generalized anxiety disorder treatment (Westra, H. A., Constantino, M. J., & Antony, M. M. (2016). Integrating Motivational Interviewing With Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Severe Generalized Anxiety Disorder: An Allegiance-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84, 768-782. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000098 ) revealed that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) integrated with motivational interviewing (MI) outperformed CBT alone across a 12-month follow up...
March 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#15
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#16
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321873/disintegration-of-the-self-and-the-regeneration-of-psychic-skin-in-the-treatment-of-traumatized-refugees
#17
Monica Luci
This paper presents a tentative understanding of the characteristics of the extreme traumas, elsewhere called 'complex PTSD', that some refugees and asylum-seekers bring into therapy. It suggests that these kinds of traumas suffered during adulthood may involve a disintegration of the self and a loss of 'psychic skin'. This conceptualization is derived from the treatment of a refugee who survived multiple extreme traumas and with whom efforts were made in therapy to identify a complex methodology making use of supplementary therapeutic tools in addition to individual psychotherapy...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297594/the-role-of-staging-in-planning-psychotherapeutic-interventions-in-depression
#18
Jenny Guidi, Elena Tomba, Fiammetta Cosci, Seung K Park, Giovanni A Fava
CONTEXT: The purpose of this critical review is to examine the role of staging in planning a psychotherapeutic intervention in depressive disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: English-language studies concerned with staging in depressive disorders were identified in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science and by manual search of the literature. Selection of articles was based on their methodological quality and implications for clinical practice. RESULTS: Staging may allow clinicians to apply a psychotherapeutic intervention to specific phases of the development of depressive disorders: certain psychotherapeutic approaches, such as well-being therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, appear to be uniquely suited for addressing the residual phase of depression, whereas interpersonal psychotherapy has been mainly tested in the acute phase...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295431/relational-family-therapy-as-an-aid-toward-resolving-the-trauma-of-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-in-the-process-of-separation-in-the-couple-relationship
#19
Tanja Repič Slavič, Christian Gostečnik
Relational family therapy (RFT) is a psycho-organic therapeutic approach that combines intrapsychic dynamics with interpersonal mechanisms and a systemic perspective. This integrative model is based on the assumption that the repetitive patterns of relationships in early childhood repeat in adulthood. It often happens that a sexually abused individual will later unconsciously be attracted to someone with whom they will relive the abusive atmosphere and dynamics from childhood. The purpose of this contribution is to present the RFT approach for dealing with sexual abuse...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
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