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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791302/preferences-of-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-for-widely-used-health-related-quality-of-life-and-subjective-well-being-measures
#1
Alina Ionela Palimaru, William E Cunningham, Marcus Dillistone, Arturo Vargas-Bustamante, Honghu Liu, Ron D Hays
OBJECTIVE: To describe preferences for survey instruments on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and subjective well-being (SWB) among adults with spinal cord injury (SCI), and compare perspectives on the instruments between the United States and the United Kingdom. DESIGN: We conducted 20 in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were interviewed in their homes, some in person and some via Skype. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 20 adults with SCI (10 in the US and 10 in the UK) were recruited via print and on-line advertisements...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790813/-express-increased-nav1-7-expression-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-contributes-to-pain-hypersensitivity-after-plantar-incision-in-rats
#2
Jiaoli Sun, Ningbo Li, Guangyou Duan, Yi Liu, Shanna Guo, Cong Wang, Changmao Zhu, Xianwei Zhang
Postoperative pain remains a complex problem that is difficult to manage in the clinical context, seriously affecting rehabilitation and the quality of life of patients after surgery. Nociceptors, of which the cell bodies are located in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), are crucial for initiating and conducting the pain signal. The peripheral voltage-gated sodium channels, including Nav1.7, which is mainly expressed in the DRG, are key to understanding the mechanism underlying postoperative pain. Nav1.7, in particular, of which mutations in the encoding gene (SCN9A) can determine whether pain occurs, has aroused most attention...
January 1, 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790572/-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-a-review-of-the-literature-on-this-technique-for-the-treatment-of-spasticity-in-infantile-cerebral-palsy
#3
REVIEW
M Garriz-Luis, R Sanchez-Carpintero, M Alegre, S Tejada
INTRODUCTION: Infantile cerebral palsy is a well-known condition, the prevalence of which has varied only slightly over the years. The most common subtype is spastic diplegia, and spasticity is the most disabling symptom. Its treatment involves a multidisciplinary intervention that includes rehabilitation, the use of drugs, and orthopaedic and nervous system surgery, where selective dorsal rhizotomy is a prominent procedure. AIM: To present a thorough review of the use, indication and long-term consequences of selective dorsal rhizotomy...
June 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790403/the-amelioration-of-pain-related-behavior-in-mice-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-treated-with-neural-stem-progenitor-cell-transplantation-combined-with-treadmill-training
#4
Syoichi Tashiro, Soraya Nishimura, Munehisa Shinozaki, Morito Takano, Tsunehiko Konomi, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Yoshiaki Toyama, Meigen Liu, Hideyuki Okano, Masaya Nakamura
Progress in regenerative medicine is realizing the possibility of neural regeneration and functional recovery in spinal cord injury (SCI). Recently, rehabilitation has attracted much attention in respect to the synergistic promotion of functional recovery in combination with neural stem/progenitor cell (NS/PC) transplantation, even in the chronic refractory phase of SCI. Nevertheless, sensory disturbance is one of the most prominent sequelae, even though the effects of combination or single therapies have been investigated almost only in the context of motor recovery...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790369/an-innovative-perioperative-pain-program-for-chronic-opioid-users-an-academic-medical-center-s-response-to-the-opioid-crisis
#5
Marie N Hanna, Traci J Speed, Ronen Shechter, Michael C Grant, Rosanne Sheinberg, Elizabeth Goldberg, Claudia M Campbell, Nicholas Theodore, Colleen G Koch, Kayode Williams
Increased utilization of prescription opioids for pain management has led to a nationwide public health crisis with alarming rates of addiction and opioid-related deaths. In the surgical setting, opioid prescriptions have been implicated as a contributing factor to the opioid epidemic. The authors developed an innovative model to address aspects of pain management and opioid utilization during preoperative evaluation, acute surgical hospitalization, and postoperative follow-up for chronic opioid users. This program involves multidisciplinary teams that include acute and chronic pain specialists, psychiatrists, integrative medicine specialists, and physical medicine and rehabilitation services...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789946/outcome-of-arthroscopic-slap-repair-using-knot-tying-suture-anchors-compared-with-knotless-suture-anchors-in-athletes
#6
Y Reinig, F Welsch, R Hoffmann, D Müller, K F Schüttler, E Zimmermann, Thomas Stein
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopic repair is one option for the surgical treatment of type II superior labrum tears from anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions in athletes' shoulders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one of 78 (78.2%) athletes were retrospectively examined after isolated arthroscopic SLAP repair (group 1/G1: 28x knot-tying anchors; group 2/G2: 33 knotless anchors; follow-up 24 months) and compared to two specific, separate matched volunteer athlete control groups (group 3/G3: 28 athletes matched to G1; group 4/G4: 33 athletes matched to G2)...
May 22, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789351/development-and-validation-of-two-clinical-prediction-models-to-inform-clinical-decision-making-for-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-for-degenerative-disorders-and-rehabilitation-following-surgery-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Alison B Rushton, Martin L Verra, Andrew Emms, Nicola R Heneghan, Deborah Falla, Michael Reddington, Ashley A Cole, Paul Willems, Lorin Benneker, David Selvey, Michael Hutton, Martijn W Heymans, J Bart Staal
INTRODUCTION: Potential predictors of poor outcome will be measured at baseline: (1) preoperatively to develop a clinical prediction model to predict which patients are likely to have favourable outcome following lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSFS) and (2) postoperatively to predict which patients are likely to have favourable long-term outcomes (to inform rehabilitation). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective observational study with a defined episode inception of the point of surgery...
May 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787549/long-term-patient-centered-outcomes-of-lower-extremity-vascular-trauma
#8
Zane B Perkins, Barbaros Yet, Simon Glasgow, William Marsh, Nigel R M Tai, Todd E Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term outcomes of military lower extremity vascular injuries, and the decision-making of surgeons treating these injuries. BACKGROUND: Lower extremity vascular trauma is an important cause of preventable death and severe disability, and decisions on amputation or limb salvage can be difficult. Additionally, the complexity of the condition is not amenable to controlled study, and there is limited data to guide clinical decision-making and establish sensible treatment expectations during rehabilitation...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786683/-the-application-of-kinesiotaping-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-post-stroke-patients
#9
V I Berezutsky
This review of the scientific literature was designed to consider the prospects for the application of kinesiotaping for the rehabilitation of the post-stroke patients. The relevance of the work arises from the absence of a systemic analysis of the large number of investigations that have been carried out during the past two years. The objective of the present review article was to evaluate the influence of kinesiotaping on the health status of the post-stroke patients and the course of their rehabilitative treatment based on the results of analysis of the scientific reports published during the period from 2015 to 2017...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786677/-combined-rehabilitation-in-the-patients-presenting-with-dorsopathies-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-concomitant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-based-at-a-therapeutic-clinic
#10
E V Sevostyanova, Y A Nikolaev, N V Bogdankevich, V G Lusheva, N A Dolgova, V Y Polyakov
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity constitutes a serious challenge for rehabilitative medicine. The comorbidity of the dorsopathy of the lumbar spine and irritable bowel syndrome mutually complicates the clinical course of both conditions, significantly reduces the patients' quality of life. and increases the costs of diagnostic procedures and restoration of the working capacity. The approaches to the non-pharmacological management of the patients presenting with these diseases remain to be developed...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786453/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-singapore-version-of-the-chedoke-arm-and-hand-activity
#11
Silvana X Choo, Jackie Bosch, Julie Richardson, Paul Stratford, Jocelyn E Harris
PURPOSE: To develop a Singapore version of the Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI) and to estimate the construct validity and inter-rater reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Objectively Assessed Outcome measure procedure was used to systematically adapt the CAHAI. We recruited 56 adults admitted to an inpatient stroke facility to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Singapore version of the CAHAI...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781783/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-non-surgical-management-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fracture-dislocations-a-historical-analysis-in-the-era-of-modern-spinal-surgery
#12
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Gregory D Schroeder, Alpesh A Patel, Alexander R Vaccaro
CONTEXT: It is well established that traumatic spinal dislocations (AO Type C injuries) should be surgically treated. However, no recent comparative study of surgical versus non-surgical management of type C injuries was found attesting the superiority of surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of information about the natural history of non-surgical management of type C injuries, we evaluated the outcome of historical conservative treatment of type C injuries...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781765/individualized-titanium-mesh-combined-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-deproteinized-bovine-bone-a-new-approach-for-challenging-augmentation
#13
Jonas Lorenz, Sarah Al-Maawi, Robert Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
Autologous bone transfer is regarded as the gold standard for ridge augmentation before dental implantation, especially in severe bony defects caused by tumor resection or atrophy. In addition to the advantages of autologous bone, transplantation has several disadvantages, such as secondary operation, increased morbidity and pain. The present study reports, for the first time, a combination of a xenogeneic bone substitute (BO) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is a fully autologous blood concentrate derived from the patient's own peripheral blood by centrifugation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781596/conservative-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tear-in-older-patients-a-role-for-the-cycloergometer-a-randomized-study
#14
Bernardo Gialanella, Laura Comini, Marta Gaiani, Adriana Olivares, Simonetta Scalvini
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no published data on the use of devices in the management of rotator cuff tear (RCT). AIM: To evaluate the effect of supervised arm cycloergometer training on pain during activities and shoulder functionality in patients with symptomatic full-thickness RCT. DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Outpatients of our Rehabilitation Unit. POPULATION: In this pilot study, 40 elderly outpatients (>70 years) with RCT were randomized to two groups: Cycloergometer (CYC) vs...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780158/evaluation-of-the-factors-affecting-concerns-and-expectations-of-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-china
#15
Yang Li, Hong Cai, Hua Tian, Ke Zhang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the level of concern and expectations of patients and their families of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), peri-operative procedures, postoperative rehabilitation, and outcome in a Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study recruited 133 patients with osteoarthritis, scheduled to undergo primary elective TKA. Before surgery, the surgeon completed the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) Knee Score questionnaire on pain, function, range of motion (ROM), and muscle strength...
May 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779399/a-feasibility-study-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-with-saline-for-the-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-using-a-prospective-randomized-trial-design
#16
Sarah Johnson-Lynn, Alan Cooney, Diarmaid Ferguson, Deborah Bunn, William Gray, Jonathan Coorsh, Rajesh Kakwani, David Townshend
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been advocated for treatment of plantar fasciitis but there are few good-quality clinical trials to support its use. We conducted a feasibility study of PRP versus saline for treatment of plantar fasciitis. Patients with 6 months or more of magnetic resonance imaging-proven plantar fasciitis, who had failed conservative treatment were invited to participate in the study. Patients were block randomized to either PRP or an equivalent volume of saline. The techniques used for injection and rehabilitation were standardized for both groups...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777714/efficiency-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-transcutaneous-nerve-stimulation-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Meimei Zhou, Fang Li, Weibo Lu, Junfa Wu, Song Pei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: A total of 184 HSP patients, aged 18-80 years, were recruited in the Rehabilitation Hospital from February 2014 to July 2016. The Ethics approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the Hospital...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#18
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772855/-clinical-study-of-exercise-rehabilitation-and-gait-analysis-during-the-perioperative-period-of-lumbar-percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy
#19
Yu-Xian Zhong, Yu Ding, Jin-Yu Liu, Wei-Jin Zhou, Guang-Hao Ma, Xu Zhu, Hai-Jun Wang, Hong-Mei Chen, Qian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of exercise rehabilitation during perioperative period on residual pain, gait and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) after lumbar percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED). METHODS: The clinical data of 48 patients with LSS underwent PTED from December 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into observation group and control group according to different rehabilitation patterns, being 24 cases in each group...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770344/is-delayed-weightbearing-after-matrix-associated-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-in-the-knee-associated-with-better-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, John W Belk, Trevor J Carver, Eric C McCarty
Background: Proper rehabilitation after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) is essential to restore a patient's normal function without overloading the repair site. Purpose: To evaluate the current literature to assess clinical outcomes of MACI in the knee based on postoperative rehabilitation protocols, namely, the time to return to full weightbearing (WB). Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 1. Methods: A systematic review was performed to locate studies of level 1 evidence comparing the outcomes of patients who underwent MACI with a 6-week, 8-week, or 10/11-week time period to return to full WB...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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