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Surgical irrigation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443852/chlorhexidine-antiseptic-irrigation-eradicates-staphylococcus-epidermidis-from-biofilm-an-in-vitro-study
#1
Kenneth Schmidt, Chris Estes, Alex McLaren, Mark J Spangehl
BACKGROUND: Antiseptic and antibacterial solutions used for intraoperative irrigation are intended to kill bacteria and thereby decrease the incidence of surgical site infections. It is unknown if the concentrations and exposure times of irrigation solutions commonly used for prophylaxis in clean cases (povidone-iodine 0.35% for 3 minutes) are effective against bacteria in biofilm that are present in implant infections. Currently, povidone-iodine (0.35%), chlorhexidine (0.05%), sodium hypochlorite (0...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438218/full-endoscopic-uniportal-odontoidectomy-and-decompression-of-the-anterior-cervicomedullary-junction-using-the-retropharyngeal-approach
#2
Sebastian Ruetten, Patrick Hahn, Semih Oezdemir, Xenophon Baraliakos, Harry Merk, Georgios Godolias, Martin Komp
STUDY DESIGN: A study of a series of consecutive full-endoscopic uniportal decompressions of the anterior craniocervical junction with retropharyngeal approach. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the direct anterior decompression of the craniocervical junction in patients with bulbomedullary compression using a full-endoscopic uniportal technique via an anterolateral retropharyngeal approach. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Acute or progressive myelopathy may necessitate direct anterior decompression of the craniocervical junction and odontoidectomy...
February 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429259/-clinical-analysis-for-preset-double-j-tube-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotripsy
#3
F D Bai, H F Wu, J M Wen, N Zhang, Y C Zheng, J M Chen, C J Du
Objective: To evaluate the clinical application and effect of preseting Double-J ureteric stent in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. Method: 74 cases of renal calculi treated with PCNL in our hospital during June 2014 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 74 cases, 54 was male, 20 was female. All cases were aged 27 to 78, the mean age was (49.5±12.3) years old. The diameter of the stone was 20 to 59 mm, and the mean diameter was of (29.4±4.3) mm.Our Surgical methods was first putingFr6 double J tube in abnormal ureteral in advance in lithotomy position, then indwellingthree-way Foley catheter and clipping drainage port, perfusingirrigation port with 3 000 ml saline from 60-80 cm height...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420377/modified-lengthening-temporalis-myoplasty-involving-an-extended-lazy-s-incision-to-avoid-facial-scar-formation
#4
Tomito Oji, Akiteru Hayashi, Akihiro Ogino, Kiyoshi Onishi
BACKGROUND: Lengthening temporalis myoplasty is a faster and less invasive alternative to free muscle transfer for smile reconstruction. However, it requires a nasolabial fold incision, which leaves a midfacial scar. Based on esthetic considerations, a modified approach, involving an extended lazy-S (parotidectomy) incision instead of a nasolabial fold incision, was developed. METHODS: A cadaveric study involving 10 hemifaces was conducted. From February 2013 to March 2016, the modified lengthening temporalis myoplasty procedure was employed in 10 patients...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406436/clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-french-national-society-of-coloproctology-in-treating-chronic-constipation
#5
Véronique Vitton, Henri Damon, Alban Benezech, Dominique Bouchard, Sarah Brardjanian, Charlène Brochard, Benoit Coffin, Nadia Fathallah, Thierry Higuero, Pauline Jouët, Anne-Marie Leroi, Laure Luciano, Guillaume Meurette, Thierry Piche, Alain Ropert, Jean-Marc Sabate, Laurent Siproudhis
Chronic constipation is a common symptom that regularly affects the quality of life of adult patients. Its treatment is mainly based on dietary rules, laxative drugs, perineal rehabilitation and surgical treatment. The French National Society of Coloproctology offers clinical practice recommendations on the basis of the data in the current literature, including those on recently developed treatments. Most are noninvasive, and the main concepts include the following: stimulant laxatives are now considered safe drugs and can be more easily prescribed as a second-line treatment; biofeedback therapy remains the gold standard for the treatment of anorectal dyssynergia that is resistant to medical treatment; transanal irrigation is the second-line treatment of choice in patients with neurological diseases, but it may also be proposed for patients without neurological diseases; and although interferential therapy may be a new promising treatment, it needs further evaluation...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404797/nasoseptal-perforation-from-etiology-to-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Carla Pereira, Alfonso Santamaría, Cristobal Langdon, Mauricio López-Chacón, José Hernández-Rodríguez, Isam Alobid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nasal septum perforation (NSP) is a communication between the two nasal cavities. This review contributes to the better knowledge of NSP causes, diagnosis, and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: NSP prevalence is about 1%. Clinical presentation may range from absence of symptoms to the presence of bothersome sinonasal symptoms. NSP is more frequently caused by trauma or post-surgery, inflammatory diseases, and abuse substances. Conservative management (nasal irrigation, topical use of antibiotic or lubricant ointments, or placement of prosthesis) is considered the first-line treatment...
February 5, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404257/contralateral-eyebrow-approach-for-unilateral-suprasellar-meningioma
#7
Sorin Aldea, Stéphan Gaillard
Unilateral suprasellar meningiomas have distinct features compared to other midline tumors, as they may produce severe visual symptoms even if small due to an early involvement of the optic canal. Surgical treatment of these tumors from an ipsilateral approach is challenging, as the tumor is covered by the optic nerve that needs to be mobilized to access the optic canal extension. A contralateral approach allows a direct line of sight to the tumor despite a longer working distance. We report the case of a 49-year-old patient presenting with unilateral visual loss related to a left suprasellar meningioma extending to the left optic canal and displacing the optic nerve laterally...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394004/corticosteroid-nasal-irrigations-are-more-effective-than-simple-sprays-in-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-after-sinus-surgery
#8
Richard J Harvey, Kornkiat Snidvongs, Larry H Kalish, Gretchen M Oakley, Raymond Sacks
BACKGROUND: Persistent mucosal inflammation in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) often results in ongoing symptoms, recurrence of polypoid mucosa, infective exacerbations, and further systemic medication despite surgical intervention. Debate exists as to the most effective topical therapy in CRS. METHODS: The objective was to determine if corticosteroid delivered via a nasal irrigation or via a simple nasal spray would be more effective in controlling the symptoms and signs of CRS...
February 2, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388382/variability-and-interpretation-of-communication-taxonomy-during-robot-assisted-surgery-do-we-all-speak-the-same-language
#9
Sana Raheem, Youssef E Ahmed, Ahmed A Hussein, Amanda Johnson, Lora Cavuoto, Paul May, Adam Cole, Derek Wang, Basim Ahmad, Adam Hassanah, Khurshid A Guru
INTRODUCTION: To investigate and analyze the different ways surgeons communicate with bedside assistants during robot-assisted surgery (RAS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed video and audio recordings of 26 RAS (23 prostatectomies and 3 cystectomies). Three cameras and 8 lapel microphones were utilized to record the OR environment. We identified 5 common tasks and categorized them into specific, nonspecific, and unclear categories. We also determined the frequency, time to execute the task, inconveniences, and acknowledgments associated with each category...
February 1, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384906/a-rare-case-report-of-multiple-myeloma-presenting-with-paralytic-ileus-and-type-ii-respiratory-failure-due-to-hypercalcemic-crisis
#10
Yuchen Guo, Liang He, Yiming Liu, Xueyuan Cao
RATIONALE: Paralytic ileus is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction but without any mechanical lesions in the intestinal lumen. Several medical and surgical conditions can lead to this ailment, such as electrolyte disturbances that impair intestinal motility. However, hypercalcemia secondary to multiple myeloma as a major cause of paralytic ileus has rarely been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient got severe constipation with difficulty in the passage of both gas and feces for 7 days...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368902/-action-of-calendula-officinalis-essence-on-bone-preservation-after-the-extraction
#11
Laura K Uribe-Fentanes, Fernando Soriano-Padilla, Jorge Raúl Pérez-Frutos, Miriam Alejandra Veras-Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Calendula officinalis is a phytodrug used as analgesic, antiseptic and wound-healing agent due to its collagenogenic effect, which is why it is a convenient and affordable treatment that promotes alveolar bone preservation after tooth extraction in vivo. The aim of this study was to use Calendula officinalis during and after tooth extraction to determine its ability to preserve bone after this procedure. METHODS: We established two groups matched by age, gender and position of the third molar...
January 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368319/is-implant-washing-and-wound-irrigation-with-rifampicin-effective-for-preventing-surgical-site-infections-in-lumbar-instrumentation
#12
Numan Karaarslan, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Hanefi Ozbek, Mehmet Sabri Gurbuz, Kadir Oznam, Ozkan Ates, Ilknur Erdem
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether the washing of implants and autogenous bone grafts with rifampicin, and the irrigation of the surgical field using diluted rifampicin, have any significant effect on the prevention of spinal implant infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 166 consecutive lumbar stenosis and spondylolisthesis patients undergoing lumbar instrumentation between 2012 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups...
December 11, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356798/staged-prone-supine-fixation-of-high-energy-multicolumnar-tibial-plateau-fractures-a-multicenter-analysis
#13
Elliot R Row, Stephen Kottmeier, David E Komatsu, John T Watson, Clifford Jones
PURPOSE: We present a surgical strategy to manage multicolumnar tibial plateau fracture variants by addressing the predominant posterior fragment employing a Lobenhoffer approach in the prone position followed by supine patient repositioning for anterolateral column access. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective analysis. SETTING: Three academic Level 1 trauma centers. PATIENTS/METHODS: Twenty-eight cases (28 patients/28 knees) met inclusion criteria between 2003 and 2014...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349980/-clinical-analysis-on-arthroscopic-debridement-for-the-treatment-of-early-infection-after-total-knee-replacement
#14
Hai-Bo Song, Jie Chen, Liu Hong Liux, Zhao-Hui Zhou, Jian-Feng Wang, Hao-Jie Gu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of arthroscopic debridement versus open debridement on controlling and treatment of infection after total knee replacement. METHODS: From October 2009 to September 2016 in three hospitals, 11 patients with 11 joints which were infected after total knee replacement were randomly divided into two groups:5 cases in arthroscopy group and 6 cases in routine group. Patients in arthroscopy group were treated with arthroscopic debridement to remove the necrotic tissues, then closed-type irrigation with sensitive antibiotics by using two sebific ducts were performed continuously for 2 or 3 weeks until the flushing fluid became clear for 3 or 5 days;other 6 patients in routine group were treated with open surgical debridement and the following procedures in keeping with those in the arthroscopy group...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335106/preoperative-optimization-of-ocular-surface-disease-before-cataract-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Jasmine Chuang, Kendrick Co Shih, Tommy C Chan, Kelvin H Wan, Vishal Jhanji, Louis Tong
An impaired ocular surface adversely affects preoperative planning for cataract surgery, including intraocular lens (IOL) calculations, toric IOL axis and magnitude estimates, keratometry, and topography measurements. It also increases surgical difficulty. We performed a review to evaluate the connection between cataract surgery and dry eye and to determine the best management for these patients. Of the 16 papers included in this review, 6 were randomized controlled trials. Cataract surgery was shown to worsen ocular parameters and aggravate dry-eye disease...
December 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332187/human-bite-injuries-to-the-head-and-neck-current-trends-and-management-protocols-in-england-and-wales
#16
Glyndwr W Jenkins, Robert Isaac, Shakir Mustafa
INTRODUCTION: Human bite injuries can be challenging in their presentation to the examining physician. In a study by Merchant et al., 18% of patients presenting with a human bite injury had suffered wounds to the head and neck region. Current trends in their initial management at presentation to emergency departments throughout England and Wales will be discussed in this paper. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A postal survey was sent out to 100 A&E lead clinicians. This was followed up by telephone enquiries to improve the response rate...
January 14, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317798/visual-outcomes-efficacy-and-surgical-complications-associated-with-intracameral-phenylephrine-1-0-ketorolac-0-3-administered-during-cataract-surgery
#17
Eric D Rosenberg, Alanna S Nattis, David Alevi, Rachel L Chu, Joseph Bacotti, Ronald J LoPinto, Gerald D'Aversa, Eric D Donnenfeld
Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare visual outcomes, surgical time, and perioperative surgical complications after intracameral use of either phenylephrine/ketorolac (P/K) or epinephrine (Epi) during cataract surgery. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective case review of patients undergoing cataract surgery from August to November 2015. Of the 641 eyes of 389 patients who underwent cataract surgery, 260 eyes were administered phenylephrine 1...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316572/improvement-of-respiratory-depression-in-a-patient-with-primary-medullary-hemorrhage-following-removal-of-hematoma-in-the-half-sitting-position
#18
Shinya Ichimura, Helmut Bertalanffy, Masato Nakaya, Yoichi Mochizuki, Raita Fukaya, Goroku Moriwaki, Masahito Fukuchi, Koji Fujii
Primary medullary hemorrhage is a rare event that may result in ataxic respiration. Although it remains controversial whether primary medullary hemorrhage should be managed conservatively or surgically, recent advancements in neuroimaging and microsurgical techniques have shown promise for improving outcomes and prognosis following surgery. The present report discusses the case of a 70-year-old woman admitted to our institution due to sudden-onset nausea and vomiting. The patient underwent surgical removal of a right medullary hematoma for the treatment of daytime respiratory depression and nocturnal apnea while in the half-sitting position...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316445/does-intra-alveolar-application-of-chlorhexidine-gel-in-combination-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-have-an-advantage-over-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-decreasing-alveolar-osteitis-after-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical
#19
Majid Eshghpour, Nasrin Danaeifar, Hamed Kermani, Amir Hossein Nejat
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine (CHX) gel and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) compared with PRF alone in preventing the development of alveolar osteitis (AO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blinded trial, patients undergoing surgical management of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into 2 groups; 1 group received PRF in 1 extraction socket with the other socket as its control and the other group received 0.2% CHX gel plus PRF in 1 socket with the other socket serving as its control...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313161/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-surgical-scoring-bphss-an-novel-scoring-system-for-the-perioperative-outcomes-of-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate
#20
Huan Xu, Zhikang Cai, Yanbo Chen, Meng Gu, Qi Chen, Zhong Wang
To develop a standardized scoring system, the BPH surgical scoring (BPHSS) system, to quantify the ability to predict the perioperative outcomes resulting from an enlarged prostate. There are two parts included in this study: the retrospective observational study (875 patients treated with holmium laser enucleation of the prostate, HoLEP) and the prospective observational study (111 patient underwent HoLEP). All the outcome data included the following: the basic patient preoperative characteristics, operation time (OT), pre- and post- surgery hemoglobin decrease, Na+ variation, hospital stay duration, duration of bladder irrigation, catheterization time, and hospitalization time...
January 8, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
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