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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090475/use-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-to-treat-inspissated-bile-syndrome-a-case-report
#1
Woo Young Jun, Min Jeng Cho, Hye Seung Han, Sun Hwan Bae
Inspissated bile syndrome (IBS) is a rare condition in which thick intraluminal bile, including bile plugs, sludge, or stones, blocks the extrahepatic bile ducts in an infant. A 5-week-old female infant was admitted for evaluation of jaundice and acholic stool. Diagnostic tests, including ultrasound sonography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and a hepatobiliary scan, were not conclusive. Although the diagnosis was unclear, the clinical and laboratory findings improved gradually on administration of urodeoxycholic acid and lipid emulsion containing omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for 3 weeks...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058484/hoverboards-spectrum-of-injury-and-association-with-an-uncommon-fracture
#2
Andrew H Schapiro, Neil U Lall, Christopher G Anton, Andrew T Trout
BACKGROUND: Self-balancing electric scooters, commonly known as hoverboards, are a new and popular consumer item with recognized fall hazards. The spectrum of injuries associated with hoverboard use has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the spectrum of radiologically apparent injuries associated with hoverboard use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all imaging studies interpreted at our institution for hoverboard-related injuries during an 8-month period...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043851/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
N Robert
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) consists in applying subatmospheric pressure to a wound that is sealed off by a specially designed dressing and connected by a tube to a suction pump and drainage collection system. Skin defects are extremely common in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. NPWT is valuable across a range of indications. Proven effects include an increase in blood flow, stimulation of angiogenesis, and a decrease in wound surface area. NPWT can be used to treat post-traumatic and surgical wounds, burns, and chronic wounds such as pressure sores and ulcers...
December 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042527/pediatric-rhinosinusitis
#4
Dana T Badr, Jonathan M Gaffin, Wanda Phipatanakul
Rhinosinusitis, is defined as an inflammation of the paranasal and nasal sinus mucosae. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)is a common problem in the pediatric age group and the diagnosis and treatment are challenging due to the chronicity and similarity of symptoms with allergic rhinitis and adenoid hypertrophy. Although it is less common than acute rhinosinusitis, CRS is becoming more frequent and significantly affects the quality of life in children and can substantially impair daily function. CRS is characterized by sinus symptoms lasting more than 3 months despite medical therapy...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040090/masquelet-technique-myth-or-reality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Ilaria Morelli, Lorenzo Drago, David A George, Enrico Gallazzi, Sara Scarponi, Carlo L Romanò
INTRODUCTION: The induced membrane technique (IMT) or Masquelet technique, is a two-step surgical procedure used to treat pseudoarthroses and bony defects. Many authors have introduced variants to the technique. This study aims to compare the surgical variants of IMT and to evaluate its efficacy in achieving infection eradication and bone union. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out following the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed and other medical databases were explored using keywords "Masquelet technique" and "induced membrane technique"...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032700/management-of-acute-hematogenous-infection-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series-of-11-patients
#6
Rui He, Liu Yang, Lin Guo, Hao Chen, Ying Zhang, Dian-Ming Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Acute hematogenous infection is a devastating complication that can occur after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The best strategies for management of this infection remain controversial. Two-stage revision has been well described as the gold standard for the management of chronic late infections. However, there is a paucity of information presently available on the management and outcomes of patients treated for acute hematogenous infections. The purpose of the present study was to report the outcome of acute hematogenous infections following TKA with the treatment of irrigation, debridement, and retention of the prosthetic components...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031673/conservative-treatment-of-an-infected-aortic-graft-with-antibiotic-irrigation
#7
M Akhtar, L Meecham, R Birkett, A D P Pherwani, J F Fairhead
Conservative management of an aortic graft infection is defined as "the nonresectional treatment of an aortic graft that has an established infection." Incidence of aortic graft infections is 0.5 to 5% and the estimated mortality rate from aortic graft infections ranges from 8 to 27%. We present the case of a 73-year-old male patient with an infected abdominal aortic graft following an emergency ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Postemergency repair, he developed ischemic colitis with sigmoid colon perforation leading to fecal peritonitis and secondary sepsis...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027829/complications-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-following-solid-organ-transplantation
#8
Mitchell R Klement, Colin T Penrose, Abiram Bala, Cynthia L Green, Richard C Mather, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
PURPOSE: Solid organ transplants (SOT) continue to increase with recipients living longer than ever before. The lifelong immunosuppression in these patients also may place them at increased risk for postoperative complications. The efficacy of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in this patient population is undisputed but previous studies investigating the complication profiles in these patients often are underpowered to identify rare complications as well as make comparisons between individual organs...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009407/an-easy-method-for-intraoperative-confirmation-of-lacrimal-sac-patency-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy
#9
Fabio Pagella, Alessandro Pusateri, Elina Matti, Paolo Carena, Luis Quiroa, Elena Antoniazzi, Enzo Emanuelli
PURPOSE: Few studies have focused on the intranasal localization of the lacrimal sac during endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy: landmarks in order to find the medial wall of the lacrimal sac have been described, but there is a lack of description of methods for the verification of the complete marsupialization of the lacrimal sac during surgery. In this report, we propose an easy and effective method for certain intraoperative identification of lacrimal sac. METHODS: A method in order to verify the effective marsupialization of the lacrimal sac is applied and described: to ensure that the opening of the sac in the nasal cavity is complete, the surgeon should identify the Rosenmuller valve, which is the end of the common canaliculus in the lacrimal sac...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005800/microbiological-and-histopathological-effects-of-nasal-packing-containing-probiotics-on-nasal-mucosa
#10
Ozan Gokdogan, Yusuf Kizil, Ilker Akyildiz, Ozan Ahlat, Ayse Kalkanci, Sabri Uslu, Fikret Ileri
BACKGROUND: Nasal packing is frequently used after surgical interventions to prevent bleeding and synecchia formation and for the treatment of diseases such as epistaxis. One of the most morbid complications of nasal packing applications is the toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Owing to the microbiological structure of nasal mucosa, antibiotics are administered to all patients who are applied nasal packages for prevention of TSS. AIM: The aim of this study is the evaluation of microbiological and histopathological changes taking place in nasal mucosa with nasal packing containing probiotics...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989501/a-randomized-blinded-multicenter-trial-of-a-gentamicin-vancomycin-gel-dfa-02-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#11
Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, Scott M Berry, Sergio D Bergese, Phillip R Fleshner, Harold S Minkowitz, Alvaro M Segura-Vasi, Kamal M F Itani, Karen W Henderson, Felicia P Rackowski, Laura H Aberle, Martin E Stryjewski, G Ralph Corey, Kent S Allenby
BACKGROUND: SI is a significant medical problem. DFA-02 is an investigational bioresorbable modified release gel consisting of both gentamicin (16.8 mg/mL) and vancomycin (18.8 mg/mL). A Phase 2a study, where the drug was applied during surgical incision closure, suggested safety and tolerability but was not designed to assess its efficacy. STUDY DESIGN: In a Phase 2b randomized, blinded trial patients undergoing abdominal, primarily colorectal, surgery were randomized (4:1:1) to one of three study arms: DFA-02, matching placebo gel, or standard of care (SOC) involving irrigation of the wound with normal saline...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988849/bacterial-reduction-and-shift-with-npwt-after-surgical-debridements-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Thorsten Jentzsch, Georg Osterhoff, Pawel Zwolak, Burkhardt Seifert, Valentin Neuhaus, Hans-Peter Simmen, Gerrolt N Jukema
BACKGROUND: Surgical debridement, negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) and antibiotics are used for the treatment of open wounds. However, it remains unclear whether this treatment regimen is successful in the reduction and shift of the bacterial load. METHODS: After debridement in the operating room, NPWT, and antibiotic treatment, primary and secondary consecutive microbiological samples of 115 patients with 120 open wounds with bacterial or yeast growth in ≥1 swab or tissue microbiological sample(s) were compared for bacterial growth, Gram staining and oxygen use at a level one trauma center in 2011...
December 17, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977034/factors-predictive-of-success-in-probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#13
João Beato, Ágata Mota, Nuno Gonçalves, Renato Santos-Silva, Augusto Magalhães, Jorge Breda, Fernando Falcão-Reis
PURPOSE: To report the success rate of children undergoing probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) and the factors relating to the failure of the procedure. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 88 eyes of 62 patients, aged 1 to 138 months, who underwent probing between January 2008 and December 2014 in the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Centro Hospitalar São João. The procedure was performed in the operating room under general anesthesia...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974013/a-narrative-review-of-microbial-biofilm-in-postoperative-surgical-site-infections-clinical-presentation-and-treatment
#14
C E Edmiston, A J McBain, M Kiernan, D J Leaper
OBJECTIVE: The global impact of surgical site infections (SSIs) on health-care systems is considerable: many are related to the formation of a microbial biofilm. Biofilm plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of implantable device-related infections and are also important in persistent postoperative skin and soft tissue wound infections. METHOD: PubMed and OVID databases were searched for relevant articles regarding biofilm-associated infection in surgery, including epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and management...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966052/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-2-%C3%AE-m-continuous-laser-in-the-treatment-of-high-risk-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#15
Wei Tao, Chuanyang Sun, Boxin Xue, Dongrong Yang, Mingchao Wang, Chunjie Cai, Yuxi Shan
Two-micrometer laser resection of prostate-tangerine technique dissects whole prostatic lobes off the surgical capsular, similar to peeling a tangerine. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 2-μm continuous laser vaporization in the treatment of high-risk patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) during the 24-month follow-up. The study included 248 patients with moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms who underwent 2-μm continuous laser vaporization of the prostate...
December 13, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927517/management-of-spinal-implants-in-acute-pediatric-surgical-site-infections-a-multicenter-study
#16
Michael P Glotzbecker, Jaime A Gomez, Patricia E Miller, Michael J Troy, David L Skaggs, Michael G Vitale, John M Flynn, Kody K Barrett, Gregory I Pace, Brittany N Atuahene, Daniel J Hedequist
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion (PSF) and returned within 90 days with an acute infection. OBJECTIVES: The study motive is to identify and understand the risk factors associated with failure of retaining spinal implants and failure to treat acute infection. BACKGROUND: The natural history of early surgical site infection (SSI) (less than 3 months) after PSF is not known and removing the implants early after PSF risks pseudarthrosis and deformity progression...
July 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922894/antimicrobial-prophylaxis-practice-patterns-in-breast-augmentation-a-national-survey-of-current-practice
#17
Karan Chopra, Arvind U Gowda, Colton H L McNichols, Emile N Brown, Sheri Slezak, Yvonne Rasko
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is one of the most commonly performed aesthetic surgery procedures worldwide. Bacterial contamination is of paramount concern due to its role in biofilm formation and capsular contracture. Plastic surgeons have adopted a variety of perioperative interventions in efforts to reduce implant contamination, however definitive evidence supporting these practices is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess current practice patterns aimed at reducing implant-related infections in breast augmentation and comparing them to current evidence-based medicine recommendations...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911455/functional-outcomes-of-infected-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-different-surgical-treatment-options
#18
Benjamin V Herman, Mark Nyland, Lyndsay Somerville, Steven J MacDonald, Brent A Lanting, James L Howard
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be treated with irrigation and debridement with head and polyethylene exchange (IDHPE) or 2-stage revision (2SR). Few studies have compared patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in patients managed with these treatments. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 137 patients who had an infected primary THA between 1986-2013. Control cohorts were matched according to age and Charlton Comorbidity Index (CCI)...
November 28, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#19
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891041/spinal-intradural-hydatid-cyst-causing-arachnoiditis-a-rare-etiology-of-cauda-equina-syndrome
#20
Suyash Singh, Jayesh Sardhara, Amit Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Kuntal Kanti Das, Anant Mehrotra, Rabi N Sahu, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari
This study aims to focus on a rare presentation of spinal hydatid cyst as cauda equine syndrome and misdiagnosed as intradural extramedullary (IDEM) benign lesion on magnetic resonance imaging. In this article, we report a case of spinal hydatid cyst masquerading as IDEM tumor, and intraoperatively, we accidently find clumped granuloma with severe arachnoiditis and hydatid cyst in lumber region, which was present as bilateral S1 radiculopathy with cauda equina syndrome. An 11-year-old boy who presented with symptoms and signs of cauda equina syndrome and planned for surgical excision...
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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