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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675345/comparison-of-endoscopic-and-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-treatment-of-primary-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#1
Pei-Yuan Su
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rates of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EN-DCR) and external DCR (EX-DCR) for the treatment of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANLDO). DESIGN: This was a retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized clinical study. METHODS: Reviewed medical records of PANLDO underwent DCR at Far-Eastern Memorial Hospital from May 2011 to June 2017. Data regarding the lacrimal passage system, comorbidities, surgical outcomes, and postoperative complications were analyzed...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670738/retreatment-of-failed-revascularization-revitalization-of-immature-permanent-tooth-a-case-report
#2
Radovan Žižka, Jiří Šedý, Iva Voborná
The aim of this article is to describe the clinical case of the non-surgical retreatment of a failed revascularization/revitalization treatment (RRT). The retreatment was preceded by two sessions including an interim medication with calcium hydroxide and a modified irrigation protocol containing a highly-concentrated sodium hypochlorite and prolonged usage of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) to reverse unacceptable side effects of hypochlorite. During a 15- month follow-up, the healing of the periapical lesion, increased thickening of root canal walls and maturation of root was apparent...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625868/combined-use-of-flexible-ureteroscopic-lithotripsy-with-micro-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-pediatric-multiple-kidney-stones
#3
Jun Li, Wenying Wang, Yuan Du, Ye Tian
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical value of treating pediatric multiple kidney stones with extensive distribution using flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (FUL) combined with micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (micro-PNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 21 pediatric patients with multiple renal calculi between May 2016 and June 2017 received FUL combined with micro-PNL. The group included 13 boys and eight girls; the patients' mean age was 3.8 years (range 1-8 years)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613929/long-term-outcomes-of-glenohumeral-arthrodesis
#4
Eric R Wagner, Richard McLaughlin, Shumaila Sarfani, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Bassem T Elhassan
BACKGROUND: Glenohumeral arthrodesis is associated with a high rate of complications. Although patients experience reasonable pain relief and shoulder stability, they experience marked limitations in their upper-extremity function. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes of glenohumeral arthrodesis. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with 29 affected shoulders underwent primary glenohumeral arthrodesis between 1992 and 2009. Surgical indications included rotator cuff arthropathy and pseudoparalysis (n = 7), neurologic injuries (n = 12), chronic infection (n = 3), recurrent dislocations (n = 3), and proximal humeral or shoulder girdle tumors (n = 4)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609860/prophylaxis-of-surgical-site-infection-in-adult-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Reina Yao, Terence Tan, Jin Wee Tee, John Street
INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a significant source of morbidity in spine surgery, with reported rates varying from 0.7 to 16%. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and evaluate the evidence for strategies for prophylaxis of SSI in adult spine surgery in the last twenty years. METHODS: Two independent systematic searches were conducted, at two international spine centers, encompassing PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Database, EBSCO Medline, ScienceDirect, Ovid Medline, EMBASE (Ovid), and MEDLINE...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606544/management-of-duct-obstruction-in-transplanted-submandibular-glands
#6
Jia-Zeng Su, Zhi-Gang Cai, Xiao-Jing Liu, Lan Lv, Guang-Yan Yu
BACKGROUND: Submandibular gland (SMG) transplantation is a successful treatment approach for patients with severe dry eye. However, duct obstruction can occur post-transplant. METHODS: We studied nineteen patients with duct obstruction of transplanted SMGs, including five interventional modalities: stone removal; secretory stimulation (to mimic "internal irrigation" with substantial secretory flow); irrigation; surgical opening of stenosis and orifice reconstruction; cephalic vein bypass and Wharton's duct reconstruction...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595715/risk-factor-analysis-for-capsular-contracture-a-10-year-sientra-study-using-round-smooth-and-textured-implants-for-breast-augmentation
#7
M Bradley Calobrace, W Grant Stevens, Peter J Capizzi, Robert Cohen, Tess Godinez, Maggi Beckstrand
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased understanding of surgical best practices, capsular contracture remains the most commonly reported complication and reason for reoperation following breast implant surgery. This study provides a long-term update to a previous investigation of potential contributing risk factors for capsular contracture in primary augmentation patients. METHODS: The data used for this analysis include 5,122 implants in 2,565 primary augmentation patients implanted by 34 surgeons based on long-term results from Sientra's clinical study...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590411/wartime-soft-tissue-coverage-techniques-for-the-deployed-surgeon
#8
Vilas Saldanha, Nathan Tiedeken, Brandon Godfrey, Nichole Ingalls
Background: Since the start of the conflict in the Middle East in 2001, military orthopedic surgeons have faced complex orthopedic injuries including high-energy soft tissue wounds, traumatic amputations, and open fractures. Although orthopedic surgeons are well trained in the management of osseous injuries, the treatment of soft tissue injuries can be technically challenging and unfamiliar. Early washout, debridement of devitalized tissue, external fixation of bony injuries, and antibiotic therapy remain the foundation of early wound management...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584512/acute-prevertebral-abscess-secondary-to-intradiscal-oxygen-ozone-chemonucleolysis-for-treatment-of-a-cervical-disc-herniation
#9
Chun-Sheng Yang, Lin-Jie Zhang, Zhi-Hua Sun, Li Yang, Fu-Dong Shi
Objective We herein present a case involving a prevertebral abscess complicated by a spinal epidural abscess (SEA) secondary to intradiscal oxygen-ozone chemonucleolysis for treatment of a cervical disc herniation. Methods A 67-year-old woman with a history of intradiscal oxygen-ozone chemonucleolysis developed numbness and weakness in her right upper and bilateral lower extremities followed by urinary retention. Her symptoms did not respond to intravenous antibiotics alone. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical region revealed an extensive SEA anterior to the spinal cord, spinal cord myelopathy due to anterior compression by the lesion, and a prevertebral abscess extending from C2 to T1...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577428/decompression-of-the-anterior-thoracic-spinal-canal-using-a-novel-full-endoscopic-uniportal-transthoracic-retropleural-technique-an-anatomical-feasibility-study-in-human-cadavers
#10
Sebastian Ruetten, Patrick Hahn, Semih Oezdemir, Xenophon Baraliakos, Georgios Godolias, Martin Komp
Surgery for thoracic disc herniation and spinal stenosis is comparatively rare and often demanding. The goal is to achieve sufficient decompression without manipulating the spinal cord. Individual planning and various surgical techniques and approaches are required. This anatomical study examines the feasibility of a novel full-endoscopic uniportal technique with a transthoracic retropleural approach for decompression of the anterior thoracic spinal canal. Operations were performed on three fresh adult cadavers...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572365/a-rare-presentation-of-haematuria-hip-prosthesis-in-the-bladder
#11
Yih Chyn Phan, Nnaemeka Eli, Praveen Pillai, Jonathan O'Dair
An 80-year-old woman presented to our department with visible haematuria and stage II acute kidney injury (AKI). She had stage IIB cervical cancer, for which she received chemotherapy and external beam radiotherapy in 2003. Four years later, she had a left dynamic hip screw for an extracapsular neck of femur fracture following a fall. In 2010, she underwent a right total hip replacement owing to osteoarthritis, and it was subsequently revised in 2012 owing to a right acetabular component failure. In this admission, her AKI improved with intravenous fluid administration and her haematuria settled following catheterisation with a three-way catheter and bladder irrigation with saline...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572038/high-efficiency-particulate-air-filters-do-not-affect-acute-infection-rates-during-primary-total-joint-arthroplasty-using-forced-air-warmers
#12
Gannon L Curtis, Mhamad Faour, Jaiben George, Alison K Klika, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that forced-air warmers (FAWs) increase contamination of the surgical site. In response, FAWs with high efficiency particulate air filters (FAW-HEPA) were introduced. This study compared infection rates following primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA) using FAW and FAW-HEPA. METHODS: Primary TJA patients at a single healthcare system were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 5405 THA (n = 2419) and TKA (n = 2986) consecutive cases in 2013 and 2015 were identified...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552571/septic-arthritis-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-clinical-and-functional-outcomes-based-on-graft-retention-or-removal
#13
Brian R Waterman, William Arroyo, Eric J Cotter, Michael A Zacchilli, E'Stephan J Garcia, Brett D Owens
Background: There remains a debate over whether to retain the index anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft in the setting of septic arthritis. Purpose: To evaluate and compare clinical outcomes for the treatment of septic arthritis after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in those with and without early graft retention. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: The Military Health System was queried for all ACLR procedures performed between 2007 and 2013...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548319/fungaemia-caused-by-obstructive-renal-candida-bezoars-leads-to-bilateral-chorioretinitis-a-case-report
#14
Johannes Stein, Stefan Latz, Jörg Ellinger, Guido Fechner, Maher Safi, Philipp Krausewitz, Simone Müller, Karin Weyer, Stefan C Müller
BACKGROUND: Renal fungal bezoars are remarkably rare and mostly occur in immunodeficient patients. Only a small number of cases with immunocompetent patients have been published so far. The published treatment approaches comprised systemic antimycotic therapy and surgical or minimal invasive removal of the fungal balls. In some cases irrigation of the renal duct system with amphotericin B was performed. By obstruction of the urinary tract bezoars can lead to infected hydronephrosis and severe urosepsis with high lethality...
March 16, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536543/dimensional-evaluation-of-blood-clot-gap-distances-within-the-intrabony-defects-following-grafting-and-edta-root-surface-treatment-experimental-study-in-dogs
#15
Ahmed Y Gamal, Khaled A Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed G Zouair, Mohamed H Salama, Mahmoud T El Destawy
BACKGROUND: Since it is important to establish and maintain a firm blood clot to the surrounding tissues within the intrabony lesion; we have to investigate the potentials of different materials in resisting clot retraction that disrupt clot adhesion to the root surface. This study was designed to measure the gap distance created by clot retraction within the defect following intrabony defects grafting with and without root surface EDTA etching. METHODS: Eight mongrel dogs with surgically created acute-chronic bilateral mandibular interproximal intrabony defects in the premolar-molar areas were enrolled in this study (total 8 defects per dog)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523908/a-novel-wound-retractor-combining-continuous-irrigation-and-barrier-protection-reduces-incisional-contamination-in-colorectal-surgery
#16
Harry T Papaconstantinou, Rocco Ricciardi, David A Margolin, Roberto Bergamaschi, Robert C Moesinger, Warren E Lichliter, Elisa H Birnbaum
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a persistent and morbid problem in colorectal surgery. Key to its pathogenesis is the degree of intraoperative bacterial contamination at the surgical site. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel wound retractor at reducing bacterial contamination. METHODS: A prospective multicenter pilot study utilizing a novel wound retractor combining continuous irrigation and barrier protection was conducted in patients undergoing elective colorectal resections...
March 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520833/bone-heat-generated-using-conventional-implant-drills-versus-piezosurgery-unit-during-apical-cortical-plate-perforation
#17
Carlo Lajolo, Nicola Alberto Valente, William Giuseppe Romandini, Massimo Petruzzi, Fernando Verdugo, Antonio D'Addona
BACKGROUND: The apical portion of the implant osteotomy receives less irrigation and cooling during surgical preparation. High bone temperatures, above the critical 10°C threshold, may impair osseointegration, particularly, around dense cortical bone. The aim of this study is to evaluate the apical cortical plate temperature increase with two different devices and pressure loads in a porcine rib ex-vivo model. METHODS: Twenty-four implant sites were prepared on porcine ribs divided into 4 groups of 6 samples each according to the device used (conventional drill system or piezosurgery) and pressure load applied (1000 g or 1500 g)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519498/a-study-of-laparoscopic-instrument-use-during-colorectal-surgery
#18
Eoin J White, Muireann McMahon, Michael T Walsh, J Calvin Coffey, Leonard W O'Sullivan
The aim of this study was to quantify laparoscopic instrument use and actions of both limbs during a sample of common colorectal surgical procedures. A method was devised using Observer XT software to code video recordings. Anonymised HD video recordings of nine laparoscopic colorectal procedures performed by a single surgeon were analysed. We determined the percentage and frequency of instrument use and limb actions throughout the total laparoscopic surgical duration, as well as the duration of instrument inactivity...
March 5, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518819/-intra-and-postoperative-complications-classified-according-to-the-clavien-dindo-classification-in-patients-80-years-after-transurethral-resection-of-the-urinary-bladder
#19
Bara Barakat, Yousif Dawood, Marcus Horstmann
INTRODUCTION:  Urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a tumour of advanced age. The demographic change increases the number of very old patients ( > 80 years) subjected to TUR-B. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  In a retrospective analysis, perioperative complications in 89 patients (> 80 years), who underwent a transurethral resection of the bladder between 2013 and 2016 in our department, were recorded and evaluated using the Clavien-Dindo grading system...
March 8, 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510952/comparison-of-postoperative-complications-following-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-other-hip-bearings-in-medicare-population
#20
Lindsay T Kleeman, Abiram Bala, Colin T Penrose, Thorsten M Seyler, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi
BACKGROUND: The use of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip bearings has declined in the recent years due to strong evidence of their high complication rates and early failure. Hip implants with highly cross-linked polyethylene liners and ceramic bearings have become the modern implants of choice. We sought to determine if MoM implants are associated with higher complication and revision rates when compared to other hip bearings in the Medicare population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a Medicare database (2005-2011) for patients who underwent a primary total hip arthroplasty with a MoM, metal-on-polyethylene (MoP), ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP), or ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) implant (minimum 2 years of follow-up)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
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