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Flowcytometry hematology

Tomohiko Ai, Yoko Tabe, Hiroyuki Takemura, Konobu Kimura, Toshihiro Takahashi, Haeun Yang, Koji Tsuchiya, Aya Konishi, Kinya Uchihashi, Takashi Horii, Akimichi Ohsaka
Morphological microscopic examinations of nucleated cells in body fluid (BF) samples are performed to screen malignancy. However, the morphological differentiation is time-consuming and labor-intensive. This study aimed to develop a new flowcytometry-based gating analysis mode "XN-BF gating algorithm" to detect malignant cells using an automated hematology analyzer, Sysmex XN-1000. XN-BF mode was equipped with WDF white blood cell (WBC) differential channel. We added two algorithms to the WDF channel: Rule 1 detects larger and clumped cell signals compared to the leukocytes, targeting the clustered malignant cells; Rule 2 detects middle sized mononuclear cells containing less granules than neutrophils with similar fluorescence signal to monocytes, targeting hematological malignant cells and solid tumor cells...
2018: PloS One
Adriana Plesa, Charles Dumontet, Eve Mattei, Ines Tagoug, Sandrine Hayette, Pierre Sujobert, Isabelle Tigaud, Marie Pierre Pages, Youcef Chelghoum, Fiorenza Baracco, Helene Labussierre, Sophie Ducastelle, Etienne Paubelle, Franck Emmanuel Nicolini, Mohamed Elhamri, Lydia Campos, Claudiu Plesa, Stéphane Morisset, Gilles Salles, Yves Bertrand, Mauricette Michallet, Xavier Thomas
AIM: To evaluate the importance of the CD34+CD38- cell population when compared to the CD34+CD38+/low and CD34+CD38+/high leukemic cell sub-populations and to determine its correlations with leukemia characteristics and known prognostic factors, as well as with response to therapy and survival. METHODS: Two hundred bone marrow samples were obtained at diagnosis from 200 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were studied between September 2008 and December 2010 at our Institution (Hematology Department, Lyon, France)...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Kristián Brat, Zdeněk Merta, Ivan Čundrle
This case report focuses on an immigrant admitted to the Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital Brno due to suspicion of relapsing intestinal tuberculosis. The patient presented with fever, night sweat, weight loss, diarrhea, and a history of several tuberculosis attacks in the last few years. None of the examinations confirmed the presence of active tuberculosis but raised suspicion of hematological malignancy. Pancytopenia was present in the peripheral blood. However, bone marrow examination and flowcytometry excluded the presence of a hematological malignancy...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Marie Toft-Petersen, Anne Stidsholt Roug, Trine Plesner, Lene Ebbesen, Gordon D Brown, Line Nederby
BACKGROUND: The transmembrane receptor C-type lectin domain family 12, member A (CLEC12A) is known to be highly expressed on monocytes and neutrophils and is a reliable leukemia associated marker in acute myeloid leukemia. Consequently, detailed knowledge of the various normal cell types expressing this receptor is essential. We have observed CLEC12A to be expressed on CD45lowSSClowCD14-CD123+ basophils in peripheral blood (PB) and in this study, we aimed at verifying this observation and further delineate the CD45lowSSClowCD14-CD123 + CLEC12A+ subpopulation...
July 17, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Amitabh Singh, Anirban Mandal, Vijay Guru, Rachna Seth
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest malignancy of childhood, is known to manifest with a myriad of atypical presentations. Nephromegaly is a rare presentation of childhood ALL with hepatic mass being even rarer. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 3 year-old child with unilateral renal mass and hepatic mass lesion with normal blood counts, initially suspected to have metastatic Wilms tumor based on clinical, radiological and WT1 positivity on immunocytochemistry of renal mass...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Sara Zahedi, Karim Shamsasenjan, Aliakbar Movassaghpour, Parvin Akbarzadehlaleh
Purpose: Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are one of the essential members of Bone Marrow (BM) microenvironment and the cells affect normal and malignant cells in BM milieu. One of the most important hematological malignancies is Multiple Myeloma (MM). Numerous studies reported various effects of MSCs on myeloma cells. MSCs initiate various signaling pathways in myeloma cells, particularly NF-kβ. NF-kβ signaling pathway plays pivotal role in the survival, proliferation and resistance of myeloma cells to the anticancer drugs, therefore this pathway can be said to be a vital target for cancer therapy...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Marie Saghaeian Jazi, Saeed Mohammadi, Yaghoub Yazdani, Sima Sedighi, Ali Memarian, Mehrdad Aghaei
OBJECTIVES: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematologic malignant tumor. Administration of chemical compounds influencing apoptosis and T cell development has been discussed as promising novel therapeutic strategies. Valproic acid (VPA) as a recently emerged anti-neoplastic histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor and pioglitazone (PGZ) as a high-affinity peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) agonist have been shown to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in different studies...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Mizuki Tomihari, Akira Nishihara, Terumasa Shimada, Masashi Yanagawa, Masafumi Miyoshi, Kazurou Miyahara, Akihiro Oishi
Most anesthetics have an immuno-suppressive effect on cellular and neurohumoral immunity, and research shows that total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol has a greater immuno-protective effect than inhalational anesthesia in human medicine. However, in veterinary clinics, these effects remain ambiguous. To clarify the details, we focused on propofol and isoflurane, investigating clinical blood hematology and immunological profiles drawn from healthy dogs under and after two anesthesia techniques. Twelve healthy adult beagles were included in this study, randomly assigned to the propofol anesthesia group (group P: n=6) or the isoflurane anesthesia group (group I: n=6)...
October 2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Venkatesan Somasundaram, Abhishek Purohit, Mukul Aggarwal, Prabhu Manivannan, Pravas Mishra, Tulika Seth, Seema Tyagi, Manoranjan Mahapatra, Hara P Pati, Renu Saxena
INTRODUCTION: Hairy cell leukemia is a rare chronic B-cell disorder that follows an indolent but progressive course. This disorder is characterized by pancytopenia, splenomegaly, bone marrow fibrosis and the presence of atypical lymphoid cells with hairy projections in peripheral blood, bone marrow and spleen. Treatment is mainly with nucleoside analog cladribine, which induces complete remission in up to 85% cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of Hairy cell Leukemia cases diagnosed and treated in the Department of Hematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi between 2002 and 2013...
October 2014: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
Ayman M Saleh, Randa M Al-As'ad, Mustafa M El-Abadelah, Salim S Sabri, Jalal A Zahra, Ahmed S Alaskar, Ahmad Aljada
A selected set of substituted pyridone-annelated isoindigos 3a-f has been synthesized via interaction of 5- and 6-substituted oxindoles 2a-f with 6-ethyl-1,2,9-trioxopyrrolo[3,2-f]quinoline-8-carboxylic acid (1) in acetic acid at reflux. Among these isoindigos, the 5'-chloro and 5'-bromo derivatives 3b and 3d show strong and selective antiproliferative activities against a panel of human hematological and solid tumor cell-lines, but not against noncancerous cells, suggesting their potential use as anticancer agents...
August 25, 2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Leili Aghebati Maleki, Jafar Majidi, Behzad Baradaran, Jalal Abdolalizadeh, Aliakbar Movassaghpour Akbari
BACKGROUND: The treatment of hematologic malignancies and immunodeficiency diseases are offered by hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) as a unique self-renewal and differentiation source which most commonly is selected by CD34 surface marker for HSC. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize monoclonal antibody against CD34 antigen for detection of hematopoietic stem cells. METHODS: Balb/c mice were immunized with two synthetic peptides of CD34 and Spleen cells were fused with SP2/0...
2013: Human Antibodies
Dinesh Bansal, Ashok K Yadav, Vinod Kumar, Mukut Minz, Vinay Sakhuja, Vivekanand Jha
BACKGROUND: Measures to prevent chronic calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity have included limiting exposure by switching to sirolimus (SIR). SIR may favorably influence T regulator cell (T(reg)) population. This randomized controlled trial compares the effect of switching from CNI to SIR on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and T(reg) frequency. METHODS: In this prospective open label randomized trial, primary living donor kidney transplant recipients on CNI-based immunosuppression were randomized to continue CNI or switched to sirolimus 2 months after surgery; 29 were randomized to receive CNI and 31 to SIR...
2013: PloS One
Sajad Borzoueisileh, Ali Shabestani Monfared, Saeid Abediankenari, Amrollah Mostafazadeh, Meysam Khosravifarsani
PURPOSE: The effective dose received by humans from natural sources is about 2.4 mSv y(-1), but this is 10.2 mSv y(-1) for inhabitants of Ramsar, a city in northern Iran. Carcinogenesis is one of the most studied effects of radiation, especially in high doses. Nonetheless carcinogenesis of low doses is uncertain. A recent epidemiological study in high background radiation areas of Ramsar showed that the cancer incidence in this era is lower than neighbors. The reason of this different behavior is under study yet...
January 2013: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Kanjaksha Ghosh, Suchitra Swaminathan, Manisha Madkaikar, Maya Gupta, Lily Kerketta, Baburao Vundinti
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive hematological disorder characterized by the loss of ability of the hematopoietic progenitor cells to differentiate and proliferate normally leading to an accumulation of immature myeloid cells in the bone marrow. Several novel molecular genetic aberrations in FLT3 and NPM1 have been shown to have a prognostic impact in AML, particularly in those having normal karyotype. Though there is substantial amount of data on these mutations from western literature, there is surprisingly little data from Indian subcontinent on the frequency of this mutation in AML patients from India...
November 2012: Annals of Hematology
Rachna Seth, Rishi Bolia, Richa Jain, Anita Chopra, Saroj Singh, Rajive Kumar
Superior mediastinal syndrome (SMS) is an uncommon manifestation of malignant neoplastic disease in children. The commonest neoplastic cause of SMS is Non Hodgkin lymphoma. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as a cause of SMS is extremely uncommon in childhood. The authors hereby report a case of a child with AML who presented with SMS at their hospital. This report also highlights the importance of flowcytometry as a diagnostic modality in hematological malignancies.
February 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Asmaa M Esh, Maha Atfy, Nashwa A Azizi, Mohamed M El Naggar, Ebtesam E Khalil, Layla Sherief
Impaired apoptosis is mediated by members of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) family such as survivin. Survivin was described in number of different tumors and found to correlate with poor prognosis in a variety of cancers including hematologic malignancies. The aim of this study was to determine survivin in pediatric ALL and compare it with clinical and hematological findings, response to therapy and outcome. Flowcytometry was used for detection of intracellular survivin and determine its mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in bone marrow mononuclear cells...
March 2011: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Lien De Somer, Sabine Fevery, Dominique M A Bullens, Omer Rutgeerts, Caroline Lenaerts, Chantal Mathieu, Louis Boon, Ahmad Kasran, Mark Waer, An D Billiau
Autoimmune adverse events are a concern in patients treated with blocking anti-CTLA-4-mAb for solid and hematological tumors. Patient and mouse data on the contribution of a quantitative or qualitative defect of regulatory T cells (T(reg)) in this autoimmune phenomenon are conflicting. We have previously shown that a treatment course with blocking anti-CTLA-4-mAb in murine allogeneic bone marrow chimeras induces an antileukemic response in close association with systemic autoimmunity. Here, we used this model to investigate the effect of CTLA-4-blocking therapy on the kinetics of T(reg) frequency and function...
September 6, 2010: Immunology Letters
Kunal Sehgal, Y Badrinath, Prashant Tembhare, P G Subramanian, Sanjay Talole, Ashok Kumar, Vijaya Gadage, Shashikant Mahadik, Sitaram Ghogale, Sumeet Gujral
BACKGROUND: We compared the international flow reference method (IRM) platelet counts with those obtained from CellDyn Sapphire (impedance and optical counts), LH750 (impedance counts), and the flowcytometry based ReaPanThrombo Immunoplatelet method (ReaMetrix). We further evaluated the degree of agreement of above methods with the IRM at the transfusion thresholds of 10 x 10(9) l(-1) and 20 x 10(9) l(-1). METHODS: A total of 104 thrombocytopenic blood samples with platelet count of <50 x 10(9) l(-1) were selected for the study...
July 2010: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Ana-Maria Vlădăreanu, Minodora Onisâi, Cristina Ciufu, H Bumbea, Diana Cîşleanu, Irina Voican, Anca Nicolescu, Sînziana Radeşi, Anamaria Vintilescu, Cristina Băluţă, Camelia Dobrea, C Savlovschi, L Grecu, D Serban, G Serafim
We present the case of a 65 years old male, admitted in the Hematology Department of the Universitary Emergency Hospital Bucharest, complaining of physical asthenia and weight loss; periodical medical examination has revealed splenomegaly and leucocytosis with lymphocytosis, persistent for the past 3 years. The clinical and paraclinical exam demonstrated splenomegaly (21 cm in diameter on computer tomography scan), hepatomegaly and generalized lymphadenopathies. The laboratory tests confirmed leucocytosis with lymphocytosis--a clonal population of B lymphocytes CD20+ CD19+ CD23+/- CD79b+(low), CD43+ FMC7+ CD5+ CD38+ ZAP70+ cyclin D1-...
2009: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Byomakesh Dikshit, Ajay Wanchu, Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva, Aman Sharma, Reena Das
BACKGROUND: Hematological abnormalities are a common complication of HIV infection. These abnormalities increase as the disease advances. Bone marrow abnormalities occur in all stages of HIV infection. METHODS: Two hundred HIV infected individual were screened for hematological abnormalities from March 2007-March 2008. Absolute CD4 cell count analysis was carried out by flowcytometry. Depending on the results of the primary screening further investigations were performed, like iron studies, hemolytic work up, PNH work up and bone marrow evaluation...
August 13, 2009: BMC Blood Disorders
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