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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772429/long-non-coding-rna-nron-is-downregulated-in-hcc-and-suppresses-tumour-cell-proliferation-and-metastasis
#1
Zhicheng Yao, Zhiyong Xiong, Ruixi Li, Hao Liang, Changchang Jia, Meihai Deng
Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs is a newly identified mechanism for tumour progression. Previous studies have suggested that the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) gene plays a very important role in cancer growth and metastasis. However, lncNRON is a newly identified repressor of NFAT, and its function is largely unknown, especially in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, the expression levels of lncNRON in 215 pairs of HCC tissue were evaluated by qRT-PCR, and its relationship to clinicopathological parameters, recurrence, and survival was analysed...
May 14, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770883/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-large-hcc-short-and-long-term-outcomes-in-relation-to-tumor-size
#2
Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri, Gabriele Spoletini, Giovanni Vennarecci, Elisa Francone, Mohammed Abu Hilal, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to assess the impact of tumor size on clinical and oncological outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). BACKGROUND: LLR has been shown to be feasible, safe, and oncologically efficient. However, it has been slow to develop in patients with HCC who often suffer from chronic liver disease which represents an additional challenge for the surgeon. The experience with large HCCs is even more limited...
May 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768560/negative-serology-of-fasciola-hepatica-infection-in-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru-a-preliminary-report
#3
Claudia Machicado, Stéphane Bertani, Patricia Herrera-Velit, Jose Espinoza, Eloy Ruiz, Luis Marcos
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of several hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases remains largely unknown. Although Fasciola hepatica has been associated with liver fibrosis in Latin America, it has not yet been associated with HCC. This study aimed to determine the existence of specific IgG antibodies against F. hepatica in the serum samples of HCC patients. METHODS: In total, 13 serum samples from 13 HCC patients were screened using Fas2-ELISA. RESULTS: Fas2-ELISA demonstrated negative results in all HCC patients included in this study...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767378/dying-to-communicate-apoptotic-functions-of-eph-ephrin-proteins
#4
REVIEW
Mustapha Kandouz
The Erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma (Eph) receptors constitute the largest family of receptor tyrosine kinases and interact with a group of ligands called Ephrins. An essential feature of the Eph receptors and Ephrin ligands is that both are membrane-bound and, upon cell-cell interaction, initiate a bidirectional signaling involving both the receptor (forward signaling) and the ligand (reverse signaling). They regulate a large set of pleiotropic functions in virtually every tissue and physiological system...
May 16, 2018: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766801/naringenin-and-its-nano-formulations-for-fatty-liver-cellular-modes-of-action-and-clinical-perspective
#5
Mahdi Zobeiri, Tarun Belwal, Fatemeh Parvizi, Rozita Naseri, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Antoni Sureda, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease mainly caused by high fat diets and sudden feed changes, vitamin and energy deficiency, and inflammatory processes. Fatty liver leads to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma as well as liver failure. Lifestyle-modifying such as weight loss and healthy diet have an inverse correlation with the risk of fatty liver. The promising effect of a diet rich in vegetables and fruits against fatty liver has been evidenced by several empirical studies focused on flavonoids...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766659/prognosis-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib-a-comparison-of-five-models-in-a-large-canadian-database
#6
Haider H Samawi, Hao-Wen Sim, Kelvin K Chan, Mohammad A Alghamdi, Richard M Lee-Ying, Jennifer J Knox, Parneet Gill, Adriana Romagnino, Eugene Batuyong, Yoo-Joung Ko, Janine M Davies, Howard J Lim, Winson Y Cheung, Vincent C Tam
Several systems (tumor-node-metastasis [TNM], Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC], Okuda, Cancer of the Liver Italian Program [CLIP], and albumin-bilirubin grade [ALBI]) were developed to estimate the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mostly prior to the prevalent use of sorafenib. We aimed to compare the prognostic and discriminatory power of these models in predicting survival for HCC patients treated with sorafenib and to identify independent prognostic factors for survival in this population...
May 15, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761675/telomere-length-aggregates-and-capture-in-cirrhosis
#7
Ido Laish, Amir Mari, Batya Mannasse, Ruth Hadary, Fred Meir Konikoff, Aliza Amiel, Yona Kitay-Cohen
BACKGROUND: Shortened telomeres were found in patients with cirrhosis, probably reflecting chronic liver injury, continuous regeneration, and destruction of hepatic nodules. OBJECTIVES: To test whether telomere shortening is a general marker of cirrhosis, independent of disease etiology. METHODS: We evaluated telomere length in patients with cryptogenic cirrhosis (largely a late sequela of steatohepatitis) compared to patients with cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis B and C (HBV/HCV)...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755758/autoantibodies-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-impact-on-clinical-outcomes-and-extrahepatic-manifestations
#8
Andrew J Gilman, An K Le, Changqing Zhao, Joseph Hoang, Lee A Yasukawa, Susan C Weber, John M Vierling, Mindie H Nguyen
Goals: To examine the role that autoantibodies (auto-abs) play in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) regarding demographics, presence of extrahepatic manifestations and long-term outcomes in a large US cohort. Background: Auto-abs have been reported to be prevalent in patients with chronic HCV infection, but data on the natural history of these patients are limited. Study: The study included 1556 consecutive patients with HCV without concurrent HIV and/or HBV who had testing for antinuclear antibody (ANA), antimitochondrial antibody (AMA), antismooth muscle antibody (ASMA) and/or antiliver kidney microsomal antibody (LKM)...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753758/lncrna-n335586-mir-924-ckmt1a-axis-contributes-to-cell-migration-and-invasion-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#9
Hongxia Fan, Ping Lv, Ting Mu, Xiaopei Zhao, Yankun Liu, Yujie Feng, Jing Lv, Min Liu, Hua Tang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide and chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for HCC. Emerging evidences indicate that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a pivotal role in HCC development, but its contribution to HBV-related HCC remains largely unclear. Differentially expressed lncRNAs in HBV-related HCC tissues were identified by deep sequencing in our previous study. The function of lncRNA n335586, one of most up-regulated lncRNAs in HBV-related HCC, was characterized in the present study...
May 10, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749584/droplet-digital-pcr-detects-high-rate-of-tp53-r249s-mutants-in-cell-free-dna-of-middle-african-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Agnès Marchio, Marie Amougou Atsama, Aubin Béré, Narcisse-Patrice Komas, Dominique Noah Noah, Paul Jean Adrien Atangana, Serge-Magloire Camengo-Police, Richard Njouom, Claudine Bekondi, Pascal Pineau
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still a major killing malignancy in sub-Saharan Africa. Lifelong intoxication with aflatoxin B1 is considered as one of the primary causes of this situation. The role of aflatoxin in HCC from a given population is commonly estimated through the prevalence of R249S mutation of TP53, a hallmark for previous exposure to the mycotoxin. However, the role of AFB1 is barely known in large part of Africa. We conducted a survey on circulating cell-free DNA from 149 patients with HCC and 213 control subjects with and without liver diseases from Cameroon and Central African Republic using droplet digital PCR technique...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746540/patients-with-stage-3-compared-to-stage-4-liver-fibrosis-have-lower-frequency-of-and-longer-time-to-liver-disease-complications
#11
Page Axley, Sandhya Mudumbi, Shabnam Sarker, Yong-Fang Kuo, Ashwani Singal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Advanced liver fibrosis is an important predictor of liver disease progression and mortality, and current guidelines recommend screening for complications of cirrhosis once patients develop F3 fibrosis. Our study compared liver disease progression and survival in patients with stage 3 (F3) and stage 4 (F4) fibrosis on liver biopsy. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with F3 or F4 on liver biopsy followed for development of liver disease complications (variceal bleeding, ascites, and hepatic encephalopathy); hepatocellular carcinoma, and survival (overall and transplant free survival)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745508/-establishment-of-a-mice-model-with-liver-specific-amp-activated-protein-kinase-gene-knockout
#12
Xinghong Tang, Qingbin Kong, Yangfu Jiang, Jing Jing
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is involved in the development and progression of tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, studies on AMPK and tumorigenesis were largely based on experiments in vitro or tumor xenografts model. Here, we introduce a liver-specific AMPKα1 knockout mice model, which is achieved by Alb-Cre recombinase system. The expression of AMPKα1 in the liver of AMPKα1 -/- -Alb-Cre mice is absent. AMPKα1 knockout in the liver does not affect the growth and histological structure of mouse liver...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740492/downregulation-of-epstein-barr-virus-induced-gene-3-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-curative-resection
#13
Qingjie Song, Xi Chen, Weidong Hu, Guanglin Mei, Xiaobing Yang, Han Wu
Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3) encodes a secretory glycoprotein, and has previously been identified as upregulated in various types of tumors. The presnet study examined the clinical significance of EBI3 expression for predicting tumor recurrence and survival after resection in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). EBI3 expression in various HCC cell lines and in 20 pairs of tumor and peritumor tissue samples were detected using western blot analysis. Immunohistochemical staining using tissue microarray with 312 samples from randomly selected patients with HCC who underwent surgery...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731905/effect-of-high-wdr5-expression-on-the-hepatocellular-carcinoma-prognosis
#14
Zhoujun Cui, Hongbo Li, Feng Liang, Cuiling Mu, Yuhua Mu, Xuegong Zhang, Jundong Liu
WD repeat domain 5 (WDR5) serves an important role in various biological functions through the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription. Aberrant expression of WDR5 has been observed in various types of human cancer, including prostate cancer, breast cancer and leukemia. However, the role of WDR5 expression and its clinical implications in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unknown. The present study investigated the WDR5 expression pattern in HCC. It was demonstrated that the mRNA and protein levels of WDR5 were upregulated in HCC cancer tissues compared with normal adjacent tissues using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731881/therapeutic-role-of-meloxicam-targeting-secretory-clusterin-mediated-invasion-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#15
Jingtao Zhong, Xiaoming Yu, Xiaofeng Dong, Hong Lu, Wuyuan Zhou, Lei Li, Zhongchao Li, Pengfei Sun, Xuetao Shi
Recurrence and metastasis are the two leading causes of poor prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Secreted clusterin (sCLU) is a stress-induced chaperone that is overexpressed in HCC. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of sCLU in HCC invasion and migration are largely unknown. In the present study, it was indicated that downregulation of sCLU significantly alleviated invasiveness whereas overexpression of sCLU notably enhanced the number of invasive cells via mediating the expression level of MMP-2 and E-cadherin in Bel-7402 and SMMC-7721 cells...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728125/matrix-stiffness-upregulated-loxl2-promotes-fibronectin-production-mmp9-and-cxcl12-expression-and-bmdcs-recruitment-to-assist-pre-metastatic-niche-formation
#16
Sifan Wu, Qiongdan Zheng, Xiaoxia Xing, Yinying Dong, Yaohui Wang, Yang You, Rongxin Chen, Chao Hu, Jie Chen, Dongmei Gao, Yan Zhao, Zhiming Wang, Tongchun Xue, Zhenggang Ren, Jiefeng Cui
BACKGROUND: Higher matrix stiffness affects biological behavior of tumor cells, regulates tumor-associated gene/miRNA expression and stemness characteristic, and contributes to tumor invasion and metastasis. However, the linkage between higher matrix stiffness and pre-metastatic niche in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still largely unknown. METHODS: We comparatively analyzed the expressions of LOX family members in HCC cells grown on different stiffness substrates, and speculated that the secreted LOXL2 may mediate the linkage between higher matrix stiffness and pre-metastatic niche...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725882/a-rare-case-of-a-spontaneously-ruptured-secondary-hepatic-malignant-lymphoma
#17
Ko Oshita, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Akihiko Oshita, Hideki Nakahara, Takashi Nishisaka
BACKGROUND: Although secondary liver involvement of the lymphoma is common and occurs in 50% of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, liver tumor rupture in malignant lymphoma is extremely rare. We report a case of a spontaneously ruptured secondary liver involvement of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that was successfully treated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) to obtain hemostasis, and subsequent hepatectomy and systemic chemotherapy. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second reported case of a ruptured hepatic lymphoma...
May 3, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725729/large-scale-identification-and-visualization-of-human-liver-n-glycome-enriched-from-lo2-cells
#18
Kaijie Xiao, Yuyin Han, Zhixin Tian
Aberrant glycosylation has been commonly observed in various physiological and pathological disorders (including cancers), and quite a few glycoproteins have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as markers for early diagnosis. Each glycoprotein may have multiple glycoforms, and cancer-related ones can be only some specific glycoforms which have much higher sensitivity and specificity; for example, AFP glycoform AFP-L3 with N-glycan of 01Y(61F)41Y41M(31M41Y41L41S61M41Y41L41S is of bigger diagnostic value for hepatocellular carcinoma than total AFP (i...
May 3, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725440/pharmacokinetics-of-continuous-transarterial-infusion-of-5-fluorouracil-in-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Jian Gao, Rui Zhen, Hai Liao, Wenquan Zhuang, Wenbo Guo
Numerous studies concerning hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) have been conducted by adopting regimens containing 5-fluorouracil (FU), with a favourable efficacy compared with conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolisation (TACE) treatment; however, the detailed mechanism of HAIC remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate peripheral concentration time curves of 5-FU administered through the hepatic artery, which may additionally explain the mechanism of action of HAIC. A total of 10 eligible patients underwent transcatheter arterial embolization and a 2-day HAIC treatment regimen using a folinic acid, fluorouracil and oxaliplatin regimen...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725257/impact-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-11-gene-polymorphisms-upon-the-development-and-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Bin Wang, Chin-Jung Hsu, Hsiang-Lin Lee, Chia-Hsuan Chou, Chen-Ming Su, Shun-Fa Yang, Chih-Hsin Tang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver malignancy and a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP-11), also known as stromelysin-3, plays a critical role during tumor migration, invasion and metastasis. Here, we report on the association between five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) - rs738791, rs2267029, rs738792, rs28382575, and rs131451 - of the MMP-11 gene and HCC susceptibility, as well as clinical outcomes, in 293 patients with HCC and in 586 cancer-free controls...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
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