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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628947/meta-analysis-of-determinants-of-survival-following-treatment-of-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
S Erridge, P H Pucher, S R Markar, G Malietzis, T Athanasiou, A Darzi, M H Sodergren, L R Jiao
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following resection is common. However, no current consensus guidelines exist to inform management decisions in these patients. Systematic review and meta-analysis of survival following different treatment modalities may allow improved treatment selection. This review aimed to identify the optimum treatment strategies for HCC recurrence. METHODS: A systematic review, up to September 2016, was conducted in accordance with MOOSE guidelines...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628229/troxerutin-with-copper-generates-oxidative-stress-in-cancer-cells-its-possible-chemotherapeutic-mechanism-against-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
A Subastri, A Suyavaran, Preedia Babu E, Nithyananthan S, R Bharathidasan, C Thirunavukkarasu
Troxerutin (TXER) a rutin derivative is known for its anticancer effect against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As part of large study, recently we have shown TXER interact with genetic material and its anti-mutagenic property. In the present study we have explored its possible mode of action in HCC. Since TXER alone did not show significant anticancer effect on Huh-7 cells, in vitro biochemical assays were performed for determining anticancer efficacy of TXER + metal complex using transition metals such as Cu, Zn & Fe...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624193/mir-375-and-doxorubicin-co-delivered-by-liposomes-for-combination-therapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Yin-Ping Fan, Jia-Zhi Liao, Ya-Qi Lu, De-An Tian, Feng Ye, Peng-Xuan Zhao, Guang-Ya Xiang, Wang-Xian Tang, Xing-Xing He
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most frequently used anti-cancer drugs and the front line option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment. However, the clinical applications of DOX are restricted largely due to its toxicity and chemoresistance. Here, we report that miR-375 and DOX were co-delivered by liposomes (named L-miR-375/DOX-NPs) for combination therapy of HCC and drug resistance reversion of DOX. In vitro, L-miR-375/DOX-NPs could deliver DOX and miR-375 efficiently and simultaneously into HCC cells and ensure the successful release of mature miR-375 and DOX...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624101/reversal-of-liver-fibrosis-from-fiction-to-reality
#4
REVIEW
Miguel Eugenio Zoubek, Christian Trautwein, Pavel Strnad
In chronic liver diseases, an ongoing hepatocellular injury together with inflammatory reaction results in activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and increased deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) termed as liver fibrosis. It can progress to cirrhosis that is characterized by parenchymal and vascular architectural changes together with the presence of regenerative nodules. Even at late stage, liver fibrosis is reversible and the underlying mechanisms include a switch in the inflammatory environment, elimination or regression of activated HSCs and degradation of ECM...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623758/a-massive-hepatic-tumor-demonstrating-hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma-and-neuroendocrine-lineages-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Rachel E Beard, Sydney D Finkelstein, Amir A Borhani, Marta I Minervini, J Wallis Marsh
INTRODUCTION: Mixed hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma tumors (MHCC) are described in the literature, as are the more rare mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinomas (MANC) of hepatobiliary origin. Only two cases of tumors with characteristics of all three histologies/phenotypes have been previously described in one Chinese study. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Herein we report clinical, microscopic and molecular features of a 25cm mixed hepatic tumor with hepatocellular, cholangiocarcinoma and neuroendocrine differentiation arising in an otherwise healthy 19-year-old North American Caucasian male without any identifiable risk factors...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617762/racial-disparities-and-sociodemographic-differences-in-incidence-and-survival-among-pediatric-patients-in-the-united-states-with-primary-liver-cancer-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-population-study
#6
Felix Nautsch, Johannes M Ludwig, Minzhi Xing, Kevin M Johnson, Hyun S Kim
BACKGROUND: Primary liver cancer, including Hepatoblastoma (HB) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in pediatric populations is often fatal. The outcomes are poor despite universal health care access in pediatric patients. AIM: We investigated the sociodemographic factors affecting outcomes in pediatric patients with primary liver cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a large population database study of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry data from 1973 to 2011...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615529/association-of-three-promoter-polymorphisms-in-interleukin-10-gene-with-cancer-susceptibility-in-the-chinese-population-a-meta-analysis
#7
Ping Wang, Junling An, Yanfeng Zhu, Xuedong Wan, Hongzhen Zhang, Shoumin Xi, Sanqiang Li
Numerous studies have examined the associations of three promoter polymorphisms (-1082A/G, -819T/C and -592A/C) in IL-10 gene with cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population, but the results remain inconclusive. To gain a more precise estimation of this potential association, we conducted the current meta-analysis based on 53 articles, including 26 studies with 4,901 cases and 6,426 controls for the -1082A/G polymorphism, 33 studies with 6,717 cases and 8,550 controls for the -819T/C polymorphism, and 42 studies with 9,934 cases and 13,169 controls for the -592A/C polymorphism...
May 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614215/effects-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-bcaas-on-the-progression-of-advanced-liver-disease-a-korean-nationwide-multicenter-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#8
Jung Gil Park, Won Young Tak, Soo Young Park, Young Oh Kweon, Se Young Jang, Yu Rim Lee, Si Hyun Bae, Jae Young Jang, Do Young Kim, June Sung Lee, Ki Tae Suk, In Hee Kim, Heon Ju Lee, Woo Jin Chung, Byoung Kuk Jang, Jeong Ill Suh, Jeong Heo, Won Kee Lee
Evidence of the potential benefits of long-term oral branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation in reducing the severity of liver disease is limited.Patients who were diagnosed with liver cirrhosis with a Child-Pugh (CP) score of 8-10 were included. The BCAA group consumed BCAAs daily for at least 6 months, and the control group consumed a diet without BCAA. We analyzed the improvements based on the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, CP score, incidence of cirrhosis-related complications, and event-free survival over 2 years...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612524/-effect-of-cell-autophagy-on-the-apoptosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-induced-by-arsenic-trioxide
#9
Yang Li, Shi-Yan Gu, Zun-Zhen Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of autophagy on the apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells induced by arsenic trioxide (ATO). METHODS: Hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells were exposed to ATO. The cell viability was detected by MTT after adjustments for autophagy agonist (Rap) and autophagy inhibitor (3-MA). The autophagosome was observed under electronic microscope. The autophagy related proteins (LC3 and Beclin1) were detected by immunofluorescence. The cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605745/current-standard-and-future-perspectives-in-non-surgical-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Tobias Eggert, Tim F Greten
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive liver tumor with a poor 5-year survival rate. Many HCCs are not amenable to surgical resection, because of tumor size, location, or because of the patient's poor liver function, a common obstacle to HCC therapy, because HCCs almost always develop in chronically inflamed livers. SUMMARY: In recent years, many efforts have been made to improve patient survival by conducting clinical trials investigating local and systemic treatment options for patients with unresectable tumors...
June 13, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602296/comprehensive-qualification-and-quantification-of-triacylglycerols-with-specific-fatty-acid-chain-composition-in-horse-adipose-tissue-human-plasma-and-liver-tissue
#11
Ming Guan, Dongsheng Dai, Lin Li, Jinchao Wei, Hui Yang, Shilei Li, Yangyang Zhang, Yu Lin, Shaoxiang Xiong, Zhenwen Zhao
High levels of triacylglycerols (TGs) have been linked to cardiovascular disease and liver diseases. Comprehensively analyzing TGs is helpful to understand the TGs functions in these diseases. However, due to the existence of a large number of isomers TGs and the lack of commercial standards, precise analysis of individual triacylglycerol (TG) with specific fatty acid chain composition is full of challenge. In this work, ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) were employed for comprehensive qualification and quantification of TGs with specific fatty acid chain composition in horse adipose tissue, human plasma and liver tissues including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and para-carcinoma tissues...
September 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596819/usefulness-of-the-mesh-score-in-a-european-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cohort
#12
Xavier Adhoute, Guillaume Pénaranda, Jean-Luc Raoul, Marc Bourlière
The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer classification is the most widely - used hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) staging system because it is simple, precise and linked to a treatment algorithm based on randomized studies. But each group includes a broad spectrum of tumors, with limited therapeutic options, particularly for intermediate and advanced stages. Consequently, different additional scoring systems have been proposed to refine the prognosis and/or to improve the management. But until now, there is no consensus...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594907/gastrointestinal-cancer-cells-treatment-with-bevacizumab-activates-a-vegf-autoregulatory-mechanism-involving-telomerase-catalytic-subunit-htert-via-pi3k-akt-hif-1%C3%AE-and-vegf-receptors
#13
Nadine Mahfouz, Roula Tahtouh, Nada Alaaeddine, Joelle El Hajj, Riad Sarkis, Ray Hachem, Issam Raad, George Hilal
BACKGROUND: Targeting angiogenesis has been considered a promising treatment of choice for a large number of malignancies, including gastrointestinal cancers. Bevacizumab is an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) being used for this purpose. However, treatment efficacy is largely questioned. Telomerase activity, responsible for cancer cell immortality, is detected in 85-95% of human cancers and is considered a potential regulator of VEGF. The aim of our study was to investigate the interrelationship between VEGF and hTERT in gastrointestinal cancers and to explore cell response to a combined inhibition of telomerase and VEGF...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593566/cellular-and-molecular-targets-for-the-immunotherapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
REVIEW
Vikrant Rai, Joe Abdo, Abdullah N Alsuwaidan, Swati Agrawal, Poonam Sharma, Devendra K Agrawal
Liver cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and 3rd most common cause of cancer-related death. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents more than 90% of primary liver cancer and is a major public health problem. Due to the advanced stages of HCC at the time of diagnosis, utilizing the conventional treatment for solid tumors frequently ends with treatment failure, recurrence, or poor survival. HCC is highly refractory to chemotherapy and other systemic treatments, and locoregional therapies or selective internal radiation therapies are largely palliative...
June 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591705/m2-tumor-associated-macrophages-produce-interleukin-17-to-suppress-oxaliplatin-induced-apoptosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Bin Guo, Leilei Li, Jiapei Guo, Aidong Liu, Jinghua Wu, Haixin Wang, Jun Shi, Dequan Pang, Qing Cao
M2 macrophages are a major component of the tumor microenvironment and are important promoters of tumor occurrence and progression. In this study, we detected large numbers of M2 macrophages in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Moreover, upon oxaliplatin treatment, the M2 macrophages overexpressed interleukin-17, an important inflammatory cytokine, and thus inhibited oxaliplatin-induced apoptosis. By knocking down the interleukin-17 receptor and lysosome-associated membrane protein 2A (a key protein in chaperone-mediated autophagy) in hepatocellular carcinoma cells, we found that interleukin-17 stimulated chaperone-mediated autophagy, which further suppressed apoptosis upon oxaliplatin treatment...
May 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590324/is-there-a-relationship-between-treatment-with-direct-antiviral-agents-for-hcv-infection-and-the-development-of-malignancies
#16
Tarek Saadi, Johad Khoury
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Direct antiviral agents (DAAs) have become the treatment of choice for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. As these drugs are new, it is important to learn the adverse events of these drugs in the short and long terms. We report on 7 patients who developed malignancies during treatment with DAAs or a short time after finishing treatment. METHODS: We treated 133 patients with DAAs in our unit between January 2015 and June 2016, 100 (75%) of whom were treated with the combination of paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir with/without dasabuvir (PrOD)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585725/laboratory-parameter-based-machine-learning-model-for-excluding-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-in-the-general-population
#17
T C-F Yip, A J Ma, V W-S Wong, Y-K Tse, H L-Y Chan, P-C Yuen, G L-H Wong
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 20%-40% of the general population in developed countries and is an increasingly important cause of hepatocellular carcinoma. Electronic medical records facilitate large-scale epidemiological studies, existing NAFLD scores often require clinical and anthropometric parameters that may not be captured in those databases. AIM: To develop and validate a laboratory parameter-based machine learning model to detect NAFLD for the general population...
June 6, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585493/combination-of-permanent-interstitial-125-i-seed-brachytherapy-and-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-large-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Xiaogang Li, Ping Lu, Bo Li, Rong Yang, Kaiyuan Luo
The treatment methods available for large primary hepatocellular carcinomas (diameter >5 cm) are inadequate. Here, we report the successful management of 80 cases of large hepatocellular carcinoma, using a combination of custom-designed permanent interstitial iodine-125 seed brachytherapy and palliative surgery. Patients were enrolled in the study between 2011 and 2014. All patients underwent surgical treatment along with permanent interstitial iodine-125 seed brachytherapy; for the latter, patients received minimum doses covering 90% of the target (D90 s) of iodine-125 seeds ranging from 100 to 160 Gy (median: 110 Gy)...
January 1, 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579679/yttrium-90-radioembolization-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-outcomes-by-number-of-lines-of-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Andrew Marsala, Edward W Lee, Siddharth A Padia
Metastatic colorectal cancer represents the most common liver malignancy, and imparts a very poor prognosis for those who develop this disease. Unlike primary liver tumors such as hepatocellular carcinoma, which largely develops in patients with underlying cirrhosis, most metastatic liver tumor patients have normal underlying liver function. Owing to this, most will succumb to tumoral replacement of the liver rather than from underlying liver dysfunction. Radioembolization represents a treatment modality that can be used in multiple fashions to treat one or both lobes of the liver...
June 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575727/association-of-ltbr-polymorphisms-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Qianqian Zhu, Na Li, Fang Li, Jiao Sang, Huan Deng, Qunying Han, Yi Lv, Chunyan Li, Zhengwen Liu
Lymphotoxin-β receptor (LTβR) signaling is involved in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, hepatitis and liver carcinogenesis. However, the potential association between LTBR polymorphisms and HBV infection remains unclear. This study investigated the associations between LTBR polymorphisms and chronic HBV infection and HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The study included 409 patients with chronic HBV infection, 73 HBV infection resolvers, and 197 healthy controls. Two polymorphisms rs12354 and rs3759333 were selected and genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction method...
May 30, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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