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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296775/giant-hepatic-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-coin-like-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-incidentally-diagnosed-at-autopsy-a-case-report
#1
Decebal Fodor, Simona Gurzu, Anca Otilia Contac, Ioan Jung
RATIONALE: Encephalopathy is a rare complication of hepatic metastases. In this paper we present a case of a patient with lung cancer and metastatic-related giant hepatomegaly. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 78-year-old previously healthy male was admitted in the Emergency room in hepatic coma. DIAGNOSES: The abdominal CT scan examination revealed a huge liver filled with solid nodules. INTERVENTIONS: No interventions were performed...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259942/high-expression-of-rbm8a-predicts-poor-patient-prognosis-and-promotes-tumor-progression-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Rong Liang, Yan Lin, Jia-Zhou Ye, Xue-Xin Yan, Zhi-Hui Liu, Yong-Qiang Li, Xiao-Ling Luo, Hai-Hong Ye
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a huge threat for human health worldwide. As a complicated tumor, the molecular basis for HCC development especially metastasis requires exploration. Although RNA binding motif (RBM) proteins are closely related to various cancers, the clinical importance and underlying mechanisms of RBM8A in HCC remain elusive. In this study, we found that RBM8A was highly expressed in HCC tumor tissues compared to normal liver tissues. Overexpression of RBM8A was associated with HbsAg and Edmondson pathological grading...
February 15, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133129/-huge-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-and-inferior-vena-cava-thrombi-treated-with-curative-liver-resection-and-perioperative-hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#3
Shinsaku Obara, Takeo Nomi, Ichirou Yamato, Daisuke Hokuto, Satoshi Yasuda, Chihiro Kawaguchi, Takahiro Yoshikawa, Masayuki Sho, Takatsugu Yamada, Takahiro Akahori, Shoichi Kinoshita, Minako Nagai, Hiromichi Kanehiro, Yoshiyuki Nakajima
The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with main portal vein(MPV)and/or the inferior vena cava(IVC)tumor thrombi is dismal. The management of HCC with severe tumor thrombus is complicated. In this study, we report a case of HCC with tumor thrombi in the MPV and IVC that was successfullytreated via liver resection and perioperative hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy(HAI). A 68-year-old man was referred to our institution to treat huge HCC lesion in the right lobe of the liver. Abdominal computed tomography(CT)revealed a tumor(12 cm in diameter)in the right hepatic lobe and tumor thrombi in the MPV and IVC...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099898/the-best-strategy-for-hcc-patients-at-each-bclc-stage-a-network-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
REVIEW
Lei Chang, Yitao Wang, Jibo Zhang, Tao Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging system remains huge controversies in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma. To determine the best therapeutic strategy for patients at each stage, we conducted a network meta-analysis and aimed to provide a new treatment concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library database were searched for observational studies up to August 31, 2016. We extracted data on overall survival rate from studies that compared various strategies for use with patients at different stages...
January 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025476/a-case-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-presenting-as-a-gingival-mass
#5
Min Jung Kwon, Soo Hyung Ryu, Soo Yeon Jo, Chul Hoon Kwak, Won Jae Yoon, Jeong Seop Moon, Hye Kyung Lee
Oral metastatic tumor, which is uncommon and represents less than 1% of malignant oral neoplasms, usually arises from a primary mucosal or cutaneous cancer located in the head and neck regions. Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to the oral cavity, especially to gingiva, is extremely rare. A 50-year-old man, who was a chronic alcoholic and hepatitis B virus carrier, presented with abdominal distension and weight loss for the past 3 months. Three-phased contrast-enhanced abdominal CT revealed numerous conglomerated masses in the liver, suggesting huge HCCs arising in the background of liver cirrhosis with a large amount of ascites...
December 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939986/methylation-of-septin9-mediated-by-dnmt3a-enhances-hepatic-stellate-cells-activation-and-liver-fibrogenesis
#6
Yuting Wu, Fangtian Bu, Haixia Yu, Wanxia Li, Cheng Huang, Xiaoming Meng, Lei Zhang, Taotao Ma, Jun Li
Liver fibrosis, resulting from chronic and persistent injury to the liver, is a worldwide health problem. Advanced liver fibrosis results in cirrhosis, liver failure and even hepatocellular cancer (HCC), often eventually requiring liver transplantation, poses a huge health burden on the global community. However, the specific pathogenesis of liver fibrosis remains not fully understood. Numerous basic and clinical studies have provided evidence that epigenetic modifications, especially DNA methylation, might contribute to the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the pivotal cell type responsible for the fibrous scar in liver...
January 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776171/analysis-of-research-activity-in-gastroenterology-pancreatitis-is-in-real-danger
#7
Andrea Szentesi, Emese Tóth, Emese Bálint, Júlia Fanczal, Tamara Madácsy, Dorottya Laczkó, Imre Ignáth, Anita Balázs, Petra Pallagi, József Maléth, Zoltán Rakonczay, Balázs Kui, Dóra Illés, Katalin Márta, Ágnes Blaskó, Alexandra Demcsák, Andrea Párniczky, Gabriella Pár, Szilárd Gódi, Dóra Mosztbacher, Ákos Szücs, Adrienn Halász, Ferenc Izbéki, Nelli Farkas, Péter Hegyi
OBJECTIVE: Biomedical investment trends in 2015 show a huge decrease of investment in gastroenterology. Since academic research usually provides the basis for industrial research and development (R&D), our aim was to understand research trends in the field of gastroenterology over the last 50 years and identify the most endangered areas. METHODS: We searched for PubMed hits for gastrointestinal (GI) diseases for the 1965-2015 period. Overall, 1,554,325 articles were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752888/splenectomy-suppresses-growth-and-metastasis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-decreasing-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-vivo
#8
Xin Long, Jian Wang, Jian-Ping Zhao, Hui-Fang Liang, Peng Zhu, Qi Cheng, Qian Chen, Yan-Hui Wu, Zhan-Guo Zhang, Bi-Xiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
The function of the spleen in tumor development has been investigated for years. The relationship of the spleen with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a huge health burden worldwide, however, remains unknown. The present study aimed to examine the effect of splenectomy on the development of HCC and the possible mechanism. Mouse hepatic carcinoma lines H22 and Hepa1-6 as well as BALB/c and C57 mice were used to establish orthotopic and metastatic mouse models of liver cancer. Mice were divided into four groups, including control group, splenectomy control group (S group), tumor group (T group) and tumor plus splenectomy group (T+S group)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743010/influence-of-testosterone-on-phase-ii-metabolism-and-availability-of-soy-isoflavones-in-male-wistar-rats
#9
Sebastian T Soukup, Dennis R Müller, Anne Kurrat, Patrick Diel, Sabine E Kulling
Genistein and daidzein are the main isoflavones in soy. Their potential beneficial or adverse effects in males like the prevention of prostate cancer or the impact on reproductive functions are controversially discussed. Major determinants of their bioactivity are the absorption and biotransformation of isoflavones. In this study, we focused on the influence of testosterone on plasma availability and phase II metabolism of isoflavones. Male Wistar rats, receiving an isoflavones rich diet, were randomized into three groups: Two groups were orchiectomized (ORX) at postnatal day (PND) 80 and treated for 11 days with testosterone propionate (TP) (ORX TP group) or a vehicle (ORX group) after a 7 days lasting hormonal decline...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686541/-clinical-application-of-multi-electrode-synchronous-radiofrequency-ablation-via-switching-controller-for-treating-large-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
T Q Zhang, Y Y Zhang, Y K Gu, F Gao, Z M Huang, J H Huang
Objective: To explore the preliminary clinical efficacy and safety of multi-electrode synchronous radiofrequency ablation via switching controller for treating large hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A total of 20 patients with large hepatocellular carcinoma from minimally invasive Interventional department of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were enrolled in this retrospective study from December 2013 to December 2014.The procedures were conducted with multi-electrode synchronous radiofrequency ablation via switching controller under CT guidance...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538159/-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-prostate-a-report-of-three-cases
#11
Z Liu, L L Ma, S D Zhang, M Lu, Y Tian, Q He, J Jin
To explore the clinical pathological characteristics and improve the recognition in the diagnosis and treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of prostate. Three cases of BCC of prostate were reported and the relevant literature was reviewed to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. We analyzed three cases of prostatic BCC. Their ages were within a range of 57 to 83 years. One of them complained of hematuria and two complained of dysuria. All of them presented with prostatic hyperplasia. Two of them presented with high prostate specific antigen (PSA) and one with normal PSA...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479789/nen-the-role-of-somatostatin-receptor-scintigraphy-in-clinical-setting
#12
REVIEW
Marta Opalińska, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Anna Sowa-Staszczak, Agnieszka Stefańska
Detection of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) and monitoring of their response to therapy is still challenging due to huge heterogeneity of that group of tumors. Actually, NENs visualization is mainly based on molecular imaging while in the past it was relied on less effective structural imaging including CT and MRI. Molecular imaging techniques in combination with structural imaging (hybrid imaging), especially in patients with well-differentiated NENs, in addition to morphological provide the functional information about tumor which benefits in a more accurate patient management, including more sensitive visualization of primary tumors, more precise staging and better therapy follow-up...
2016: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403431/multi-omics-and-genome-editing-perspectives-on-liver-cancer-signaling-networks
#13
REVIEW
Shengda Lin, Yi A Yin, Xiaoqian Jiang, Nidhi Sahni, Song Yi
The advent of the human genome sequence and the resulting ~20,000 genes provide a crucial framework for a transition from traditional biology to an integrative "OMICs" arena (Lander et al., 2001; Venter et al., 2001; Kitano, 2002). This brings in a revolution for cancer research, which now enters a big data era. In the past decade, with the facilitation by next-generation sequencing, there have been a huge number of large-scale sequencing efforts, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the HapMap, and the 1000 genomes project...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264430/a-case-of-resected-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-drug-eluting-bead-transarterial-chemoembolization
#14
Atsuyuki Ikeda, Yumiko Yasuhara, Daizen Hirata, Mari Teramura, Takeharu Nakamura, Yoko Oiwa, Osamu Araki, Hidemasa Azechi, Ryuta Nishitai, Hiroyuki Kokuryu
We report a case of resected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) after drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). A 67-year-old man with alcoholic liver disease was diagnosed with HCCs. Serological markers for hepatitis B and C viruses were negative. Among tumor markers, alpha-fetoprotein was 2.7ng/mL, and protein induced by vitamin K absence II was 868mAU/mL. Two HCCs were detected using dynamic computed tomography: one was 9cm in diameter in S8 and the other was 2cm in diameter in S4. We performed DEB-TACE using HepaSphere(®) and epirubicin...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245581/a-case-of-right-sided-bochdalek-hernia-incidentally-diagnosed-in-a-gastric-cancer-patient
#15
Satoru Kikuchi, Masahiko Nishizaki, Shinji Kuroda, Shunsuke Kagawa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Bochdalek hernia (BH) is generally congenital, presenting with respiratory distress. However, this pathology is rarely detected in adults. Some adult cases of BH present with symptoms attributed to the hernia, but incidental detection of BH is increasing among asymptomatic adults due to advances in imaging modalities. This report presents the management of incidental BH patients detected in the preoperative period of gastric cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: An asymptomatic 76-year-old woman was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer during follow-up after radiotherapy for uterine cervical cancer...
June 1, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186260/multimodal-nonlinear-optical-imaging-of-live-cells-using-plasmon-coupled-dna-mediated-gold-nanoprism-assembly
#16
Sudarson Sekhar Sinha, Stacy Jones, Teresa Demeritte, Suhash Reddy Chavva, Yongliang Shi, Jasmine Burrell, Avijit Pramanik, Paresh Chandra Ray
Multiphoton excitation microscopy techniques are the emerging nonlinear optical (NLO) imaging methods to watch the biological world due its ability to penetrate deep into living tissues. Driven by the need to develop multimodal NLO imaging probe, current article reports the design of DNA-mediated gold nanoprisms assembly based optical antennas to enhance multiphoton imaging capability in biological II window. Reported experimental data show a unique way to enhance second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon fluorescence (TPF) properties by several orders of magnitudes via plasmon coupled organization into gold nanoprism assembly structures...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151839/ultrapure-laser-synthesized-si-based-nanomaterials-for-biomedical-applications-in-vivo-assessment-of-safety-and-biodistribution
#17
Tarek Baati, Ahmed Al-Kattan, Marie-Anne Esteve, Leila Njim, Yury Ryabchikov, Florence Chaspoul, Mohamed Hammami, Marc Sentis, Andrei V Kabashin, Diane Braguer
Si/SiOx nanoparticles (NPs) produced by laser ablation in deionized water or aqueous biocompatible solutions present a novel extremely promising object for biomedical applications, but the interaction of these NPs with biological systems has not yet been systematically examined. Here, we present the first comprehensive study of biodistribution, biodegradability and toxicity of laser-synthesized Si-SiOx nanoparticles using a small animal model. Despite a relatively high dose of Si-NPs (20 mg/kg) administered intravenously in mice, all controlled parameters (serum, enzymatic, histological etc...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26967326/mircomb-an-r-package-to-analyse-mirna-mrna-interactions-examples-across-five-digestive-cancers
#18
Maria Vila-Casadesús, Meritxell Gironella, Juan José Lozano
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that regulate the expression of target mRNAs by specific binding on the mRNA 3'UTR and promoting mRNA degradation in the majority of cases. It is often of interest to know the specific targets of a miRNA in order to study them in a particular disease context. In that sense, some databases have been designed to predict potential miRNA-mRNA interactions based on hybridization sequences. However, one of the main limitations is that these databases have too many false positives and do not take into account disease-specific interactions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935418/chicken-gga-mir-103-3p-targets-ccne1-and-tfdp2-and-inhibits-mdcc-msb1-cell-migration
#19
Bo Han, Ling Lian, Xin Li, Chunfang Zhao, Lujiang Qu, Changjun Liu, Jiuzhou Song, Ning Yang
Marek's disease (MD) is a highly contagious viral neoplastic disease caused by Marek's disease virus (MDV), which can lead to huge economic losses in the poultry industry. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found in various cancers and tumors. In recent years, 994 mature miRNAs have been identified through deep sequencing in chickens, but only a few miRNAs have been investigated further in terms of their function. Previously, gga-miR-103-3p was found downregulated in MDV-infected samples by using Solexa deep sequencing...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851037/giant-cavernous-hepatic-hemangioma-diagnosed-incidentally-in-a-perimenopausal-obese-female-with-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#20
REVIEW
Tivadar Bara, Simona Gurzu, Ioan Jung, Mircea Muresan, Janos Szederjesi, Tivadar Bara
Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the liver, considered giant when they exceed 50-100 mm in diameter. In the present report, we present a case of a 5.2-kg hemangioma of the right hepatic lobe, with hemangiomatous foci in the left lobe, which was incidentally diagnosed in a 53-year-old obese female hospitalized for uterine bleeding. The computed tomographic scan and physical examination revealed a giant abdominal tumor and hepatic hemangioma of the right hepatic lobe was suspected. Right hepatectomy and total hysterectomy with bilateral ovariectomy was performed...
February 2016: Anticancer Research
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