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Laparoscopy surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530628/-mini-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#1
Enrique Ramos Barselo, Ernesto Herrero Blanco, Mario Domínguez Esteban, José Luis Gutiérrez Baños
Continued progresses in the field of laparoscopy have been introduced in urological surgery. With the development of smaller instrumental minilaparoscopy was born seeking to reduce abdominal trauma and improve cosmetic scars, obtaining similar or better results than conventional laparoscopy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the results and reproducibility of mini-laparoscopic pyeloplasty. METHODS: A literature review and a bibliographic search in PubMed were performed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530627/-laparoscopic-treatment-of-retroperitoneal-fibrosis
#2
Carlos Hernández Fernández, David Subirá Rios, Mercedes Moralejo Gárate, Elena Rodríguez Fernández, Jorge Caño Velasco, Felipe Herranz Amo
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disease that may condition a severe involvement of various organs, mainly upper urinary tract, even causing renal insufficiency. It was first described by Albarran in 1905 and it is also known as Ormonds disease. The correct diagnosis includes, in many cases, the performance of one or more tests: CT scan, MRI, renal scan, etc. It is often necessary the insertion of double J catheters on percutaneous nephrostomy tubes with the aim to preserve renal function. Initial treatment is medical, based on corticoids, and , less frequent, immunosuppressive or chemotherapy drugs...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530621/-laparoscopic-ureteral-reimplantation-in-the-treatment-of-urinary-tract-complications-after-renal-transplantation
#3
Juan Soto Villalba, Jesús Rosety Rodríguez, Cristina León Delgado, María José Ledo Cepero, Patricia Parra Serván, José Luis Álvarez-Ossorio Fernández
OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic ureteral reconstructive surgery is routinely performed , because it demonstrated efficacy and safety profiles similar to open surgery in expert hands. The most frequent surgical complications after transplant are urological, appearing in up to 12,5% of the cases; they can compromise graft function and mortality. The most frequent ones include ureterovesical anastomosis stenosis (2,5-7,5%) and vesicoureteral reflux (0,4-2,2), which present in up to 80% of the cases...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530617/-principles-of-urinary-tract-reconstructive-surgery
#4
Juan Gomez Rivas, Jesús Cisneros Ledo
INTRODUCTION: In the last 15 years, the role of laparoscopic surgery has progressively increased to include reconstructive procedures such as pyeloplasty and management of ureteral stricture, in addition to being a field in continuous development, this refers to the improvement of ergonomics, new instruments and new techniques. We present a review on basic features of laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in urology. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: For this review, an exhaustive literature search was performed in PUBMED, MEDILNE, BioMed central and others, with the keywords: reconstructive surgery, urology, laparoscopy...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529193/laparoscopy-has-a-therapeutic-role-in-the-management-of-abdominal-trauma-a-matched-pair-analysis
#5
Saurav Chakravartty, Ameet Patel, Diwakar R Sarma, Muhammad Noor, Spyros Panagiotopoulos, Ameet G Patel
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy is increasingly utilised as a diagnostic tool in management of abdominal trauma; however its role in therapeutic intervention remains unexplored. The aim of this study is to compare laparoscopy with laparotomy in the treatment of abdominal trauma in haemodynamically stable patients. METHODS: A review of patients undergoing surgery for abdominal trauma between January 2004-2014 identified 25 patients who underwent laparoscopy for therapeutic intervention (TL)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526518/clinical-presentation-of-endometriosis-identified-at-interval-laparoscopic-tubal-sterilization-prospective-series-of-465-cases
#6
Marion Tissot, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Karolina Afors, Chérif Akladios, Alain Audebert
OBJECTIVES: Women seeking sterilization are usually parous and have no major complains, such as pelvic pain. This could be a good model to indirectly assess the prevalence of endometriosis in the general population. Prevalence of endometriosis in women undergoing tubal sterilization by laparoscopy has been assessed in 17 published reports. Results indicate a surprising wide variation of prevalence of endometriosis, ranging from 1.4% to 43.3 %. This clinical study describes the prevalence and clinical presentations of endometriosis identified at interval laparoscopic tubal sterilization, as a close representation of endometriosis in general population...
May 16, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522789/efficacy-of-camera-sleeve-in-conveyance-of-conduits
#7
R Saranga Bharathi
BACKGROUND: Esophageal substitutes need conveyance from the abdomen into the neck for restoration of alimentary continuity. Reports suggest that the use of plastic camera sleeve may prove advantageous in restoring conveyance. This study aims to evaluate the practicability of this approach, specifically, in laparoscopy-assisted surgeries. METHODS: The efficacy of camera sleeve in conduit transposition was prospectively evaluated over 2 years. The following parameters were assessed: success/failure; time taken; blood loss; adequacy of length of the conduit delivered into the neck; conduit orientation; ease of procedure through different routes; conduit damage; complications; and drawbacks...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522781/laparoscopic-gastric-resections-with-per-oral-specimen-extraction-in-treatment-of-intramural-gastric-tumors
#8
Maciej Stanek, Piotr Major, Mateusz Wierdak, Michał Pędziwiatr, Dorota Radkowiak, Anna Zychowicz, Andrzej Budzyński
AIM: The goal of this work was to present our experiences and results of treatment of gastric tumors using the per oral specimen extraction (POSE) technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis a group of patients treated with laparoscopic stomach wedge resection of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). During that time 50 patients underwent laparoscopy due to the suspicion of GIST. In 12 patients resected material was removed endoscopically per os (POSE)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520652/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-laparoscopic-and-open-distal-pancreatectomy-of-nonductal-adenocarcinomatous-pancreatic-tumor-ndacpt-in-the-pancreatic-body-and-tail
#9
Xiaojiang Yi, Sile Chen, Wei Wang, Liaonan Zou, Dechang Diao, Yansheng Zheng, Yaobin He, Hongming Li, Lijie Luo, Wenjun Xiong, Jin Wan
BACKGROUND: Currently, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is regarded as a safe and effective surgical approach for lesions in the body and tail of the pancreas. This review examined the evidence from published data of comparative studies of laparoscopic versus open distal pancreatectomy of nonductal adenocarcinomatous pancreatic tumor in pancreatic body and tail. METHODS: A systematic review of the studies comparing laparoscopic and open distal pancreatectomy was conducted...
May 17, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520651/laparoscopic-management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-critical-reappraisal
#10
David Fuks, Luca Aldrighetti, Long R Jiao, Go Wakabayashi, Paolo Limongelli
Following the introduction of the first laparoscopic liver resection, after ∼25 years, a critical reappraisal seems to be warranted. Liver resection represents the first choice for curing early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) allowing a curative chance also in selected patients with intermediate stage tumors. The criteria for liver resectability by laparoscopy remains the same for open surgery, which is oncological criteria (absence of extrahepatic tumor location; completely resectable R0 resection), anatomic (resectability of involved segment with its own blood surely and biliary drainage; absence of vascular invasion of portal or hepatic veins) and technical (possibility to leave in place a residual volume ≥40%)...
May 17, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515257/minimally-invasive-techniques-for-treating-gynecologic-malignancies
#11
Amanda N Fader
For many women with endometrial and cervical cancers, minimally invasive surgery represents an alternative standard of care to open abdominal procedures, with fewer complications, better postoperative quality of life, and overall lower cost. At the NCCN 22nd Annual Conference, Amanda N. Fader, MD, reviewed several minimally invasive strategies for treating gynecologic cancers, including conventional laparoscopy, robotic-assisted laparoscopy, sentinel lymph node technology, and single-port surgery; highlighted some of the contemporary literature on the role of these procedures; and explored some of the challenges and barriers to their successful performance...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508606/surgery-in-focal-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi-the-hyperinsulinism-germany-international-experience-in-30-children
#12
Winfried Barthlen, Emine Varol, Susann Empting, Ilse Wieland, Martin Zenker, Wolfgang Mohnike, Silke Vogelgesang, Klaus Mohnike
OBJECTIVES: Results of surgery for focal CHI in 30 children PATIENTS AND METHODS: All showed an ABCC8 or KCNJ11 mutation. After PET/CT in 29 children and PET/MRT in 1 case, frozen-section guided resection was performed, in left-sided cases by laparoscopy. Mean age at surgery was 11.7 months (2-49). RESULTS: In 28/30 children, the PET/CT or MRT correlated with histopathology. In two cases, a focal lesion was undectable; one of these was cured, one not. In total, 24 children showed lesions with sizes of 5-12 mm...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506877/clinical-practice-guidelines-synthesis-of-the-guidelines-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-primary-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-women-by-the-afu-cngof-sifud-pp-snfcp-and-scgp
#13
L Le Normand, M Cosson, F Cour, X Deffieux, L Donon, P Ferry, B Fatton, J-F Hermieu, H Marret, G Meurette, A Cortesse, L Wagner, X Fritel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501246/advances-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#14
REVIEW
James Michael Parker, Timothy F Feldmann, Kyle G Cologne
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has now become widely adopted for the treatment of colorectal neoplasia, with steady increases in utilization over the past 15 years. Common minimally invasive techniques include multiport laparoscopy, single-incision laparoscopy, and hand-assisted laparoscopy, with the choice of technique depending on several patient and surgeon factors. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery involves a robust learning curve, and fellowship training often lays the foundation for a high-volume laparoscopic practice...
June 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501085/staging-in-esophageal-and-gastric-cancers
#15
REVIEW
Thomas Hayes, Elizabeth Smyth, Angela Riddell, William Allum
Gastric and esophageal tumors have a poor prognosis; approximately 15% of patients are alive at 10 years following diagnosis. Surgical resection plus adjunctive chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy is curative in approximately 50% of patients with operable disease, but is also associated with significant morbidity. Therefore, accurate preoperative staging is required to spare patients unnecessary toxicity and futile surgery. This review evaluates the sensitivity and specificities of the modalities used to stage patients with gastroesophageal cancer...
June 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498007/are-hybrid-liver-resections-trully-minimally-invasive-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#16
Fabricio Ferreira Coelho, Jaime Arthur Pirola Kruger, Vagner Birk Jeismann, Gilton Marques Fonseca, Fábio Ferrari Makdissi, Leandro Augusto Ferreira, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque, Ivan Cecconello, Paulo Herman
BACKGROUND: Hybrid liver resection is considered a modality of minimally invasive surgery; however, there are doubts regarding loss of benefits of laparoscopy due to the use of an auxiliary incision. We compared perioperative results of patients undergoing hybrid × open and hybrid × pure laparoscopic resections. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing liver resection between June 2008 and January 2016 were studied. Study groups were compared after propensity score matching (PSM)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492353/laparoscopy-using-room-air-insufflation-in-a-rural-african-jungle-hospital-the-bongolo-hospital-experience-january-2006-to-december-2013
#17
Zachary O'Connor, Marco Faniriko, Keir Thelander, Jennifer O'Connor, David Thompson, Adrian Park
INTRODUCTION: Carbon dioxide is the standard insufflation gas for laparoscopy. However, in many areas of the world, bottled carbon dioxide is not available. Laparoscopy offers advantages over open surgery and has been practiced using filtered room air insufflation since 2006 at Bongolo Hospital in Gabon, Africa. OBJECTIVE: Our primary goal was to evaluate the safety of room air insufflation related to intraoperative and postoperative complications. Our secondary aim was to review the types of cases performed laparoscopically at our institution...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488946/laparoscopic-reconstruction-in-post-tubercular-urinary-tract-strictures-technical-challenges
#18
Bastab Ghosh, Kartik Sridhar, Dilip Kumar Pal
BACKGROUND: Genitourinary tuberculosis still continues to plague developing countries and is a significant cause of morbidity as well as mortality in the developing world. At present, nearly 55% of the patients of genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) need surgical management. Owing to the presence of dense adhesions and loss of normal anatomical planes, GUTB was considered to be a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery. However, recent literature shows laparoscopy to be feasible in GUTB...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486007/concomitant-laparoscopic-perisplenic-artery-ligation-facilitates-surgery-for-hepatobiliary-disease-coexisting-with-portal-hypertension
#19
Youlong Wang, Fei Chen, Yajuan Chu, Xiaofang Tan, Jingwang Tan, Wenbin Ji
BACKGROUND: Although liver cirrhosis with portal hypertension (PH) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in abdominal surgery, many authors still consider this disease as an indication for surgery. In many reports, however, numerous treatment modalities focus on hypersplenism secondary to PH, irrespective of splenomegaly and PH. The proven benefits of laparoscopy seem especially applicable to patients with this complex disease. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic perisplenic artery ligation (SAL) in patients with hepatobiliary disease and PH...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483536/comparison-of-morcellation-techniques-at-time-of-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-and-myomectomy
#20
Elsemieke A I M Meurs, Luiz Gustavo Brito, Mobolaji Ajao, Emily R Goggins, Allison F Vitonis, Jon I Einarsson, Sarah L Cohen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative outcomes associated with the use of three techniques for tissue removal at the time of laparoscopic hysterectomy and myomectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: II-2 SETTING: Academic hospital in Boston, MA PATIENTS: Women who underwent a laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy or myomectomy involving tissue morcellation in 2014. INTERVENTIONS: One of three morcellation techniques: electronic power morcellation (PM), manual morcellation via vagina (VM) or manual morcellation via minilaparotomy (ML)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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