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Laparoscopy surgery

X Serra-Aracil, A Zárate, L Mora, S Serra-Pla, A Pallisera, J Bonfill, J Bargalló, A Pando, S Delgado, E Balleteros, C Pericay
PURPOSE: Compared with the open approach, laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) achieves faster patient recovery, reduces morbidity rates, and shortens hospital stay. However, in laparoscopic low anterior resection (L-LAR), conversion to open surgery is required in almost 20% of cases. Transanal TME (Ta-TME) combined with laparoscopy, also called hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), is a less invasive procedure that can overcome some of the limitations of laparoscopic rectal surgery...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
John O Hwabejire, Daniel D Tran, Terrence M Fullum
The management of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) has evolved from "the sun should not rise and set on a small bowel obstruction", implying mandatory immediate surgical exploration to selective non-operative management. Not every patient with adhesive small bowel obstruction meets criteria for non-operative management and treating all comers the same way can lead to catastrophic outcomes. Water Soluble Contrast Medium (WSCM) has important diagnostic and therapeutic utility in the management of ASBO and should be employed ab initio...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
J Straatman, L C B Groen, N van der Wielen, E P Jansma, F Daams, M A Cuesta, D L van der Peet
Over the coming years octogenarians will make up an increasingly large proportion of the population. With the rise in octogenarians more paraesophageal hiatal hernias may be identified. In research for the optimal treatment for paraesophageal hiatal hernias, octogenarians are often omitted and the optimal surgical strategy for this patient group remains unclear. A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, and The Cochrane Library was conducted, including articles compromising 'surgery,' 'paraesophageal hiatal hernia,' and 'octogenarians...
March 12, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Balázs Bánky, Miklós Lakatos, Krisztina Varga, Edit Hansági, Éva Horváth, Géza Járay
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programme has been described and practiced for twenty years in the perioperative management of colorectal patients. ERAS is a complex, evidence based strategy which proved to be extremely effective when linked to laparoscopy in reducing morbidity, length of hospital stay, as well as reducing cost of colorectal service. AIMS: We gradually adapted elements of ERAS protocol along with laparoscopy in the colorectal surgical treatment at a county hospital from 2013...
March 2018: Magyar Sebészet
Jeong-Ik Park, Ki-Hun Kim, Hong-Jin Kim, Daniel Cherqui, Olivier Soubrane, David Kooby, Chinnusamy Palanivelu, Albert Chan, Young Kyoung You, Yao-Ming Wu, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Goro Honda, Xiao-Ping Chen, Chung-Ngai Tang, Ji Hoon Kim, Yang Seok Koh, Young-In Yoon, Kai Chi Cheng, Tran Cong Duy Long, Gi Hong Choi, Yuichiro Otsuka, Tan To Cheung, Taizo Hibi, Dong-Sik Kim, Hee Jung Wang, Hironori Kaneko, Dong-Sup Yoon, Etsuro Hatano, In Seok Choi, Dong Wook Choi, Ming-Te Huang, Sang Geol Kim, Sung-Gyu Lee
The application of laparoscopy for liver surgery is rapidly increasing and the past few years have demonstrated a shift in paradigm with a trend towards more extended and complex resections. The development of instruments and technical refinements with the effective use of magnified caudal laparoscopic views have contributed to the ability to overcome the limitation of laparoscopic liver resection. The Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgeons of Asia (ELSA) Visionary Summit 2017 and the 3rd Expert Forum of Asia-Pacific Laparoscopic Hepatectomy organized hepatobiliary pancreatic sessions in order to exchange surgical tips and tricks and discuss the current status and future perspectives of laparoscopic hepatectomy...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
M Ballester, H Roman
Deep endometriosis with colorectal involvement is considered one of the most severe forms of the disease due to its impact on patients' quality of life and fertility but also by the difficulties encountered by the clinicians when proposing a therapeutic strategy. Although the literature is very rich, evidence based medicine remains poor explaining the great heterogeneity concerning the management of such patients. Surgery therefore remains a therapeutic option. It improves the intensity of gynecological, digestive and general symptoms and the quality of life...
March 10, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Gijs A Looijen, Bobby K Pranger, Koert P de Jong, Jan Pieter Pennings, Vincent E de Meijer, Joris I Erdmann
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the additional value of laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) to staging laparoscopy (SL) for detecting occult liver metastases in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic head cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed including all patients who underwent SL and LUS between 2005 and 2016. LUS was performed during SL to detect liver metastases not found by preoperative imaging or visual inspection of the liver...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Jessica A Zaman, Tejender Paul Singh
Though laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was highly criticized in its early stages, it quickly grew to become a new standard of care and has revolutionized the field of general surgery. Now emerging robotic technology is making its way into the minimally invasive arena. Robotic cholecystectomy (RC) is often disparaged as a costly technology that can lead to increased operative times with outcomes that are quite similar to LC. However, this perspective is skewed as many existing studies were performed in the early phase of learning for this procedure...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Ricardo Dos Reis, Carlos E M C Andrade, Michael Frumovitz, Mark Munsell, Pedro T Ramirez
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study is to compare outcomes of radical hysterectomy (RH) across age groups based on surgical approach. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. CANADIAN TASK FORCE CLASSIFICATION: II-2 SETTING: Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with early-stage cervical cancer who underwent RH at a tertiary cancer center from 1990 to 2013...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
B Merlot, S Ploteau, A Abergel, C Rubob, C Hocke, M Canis, X Fritel, H Roman, P Collinet
According to some studies, extragenital endometriosis represents 5% of the localisations. Its prevalence seems to be underestimated. The extra pelvic localisation can make the diagnosis more difficult. Nevertheless, the recurrent and catamenial symptomatology can evoke this pathology. Surgery seems to be the unique efficient treatment for parietal lesions. Pain linked to nervous lesions (peripheric and sacral roots) seems to be underestimated and difficult to diagnose because of various localisations. Neurolysis seems to have encouraging results...
March 9, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Kurt Barnhart, Linda Giudice, Steve Young, Tracey Thomas, Michael P Diamond, James Segars, Wahid A Youssef, Stephen Krawetz, Nanette Santoro, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is a chronic, estrogen dependent condition that affects 5-10% of reproductive aged women and is associated with pelvic pain and infertility. As the approach to therapy shifts from surgical ablation to pharmacological control, a non-surgical mode of diagnosis would be desirable. The ENDOmarker study was designed by the NICHD Reproductive Medicine Network (RMN) to obtain well characterized and phenotyped bio specimens in a standardized fashion from women with and without endometriosis...
March 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
M D Bolmers, C C van Rossem, R R Gorter, W A Bemelman, A A W van Geloven, H A Heij
PURPOSE: A laparoscopic approach for emergency appendectomy is increasingly used, in pediatric patients as well. The objective of this study is to audit the current state of diagnostic work-up, surgical techniques and its outcome in children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: A prospective consecutive observational cohort study was carried out in a 2-month study period. All patients under 18 years that were operated for suspected acute appendicitis were included...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Federico Prefumo, A Cristina Rossi
Endometriosis and infertility are linked in a complex relationship, and a number of different pathogenetic mechanisms may associate the two. Endometriosis is diagnosed in 6-8% of women undergoing ART. Women with endometriosis appear to have similar ART outcomes compared to controls in terms of live birth rates, despite a lower oocyte quality. Laparoscopy should not be routinely performed before ART with the only aim to diagnose mild or moderate endometriosis, but if the latter is found, surgical removal can be considered, as it might improve pregnancy rates...
February 15, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Dong Jin Park, Byung Gyu Kim, In Du Jeong, Gyu Yeol Kim
A 58-year-old man underwent laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with Billroth I gastroduodenostomy due to early gastric cancer. During surgery, the perigastric vessels were ligated with Hem-o-Lok clips. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) 6 months later showed a fungating mass at the anastomosis site. Repeat EGD 1 year after LADG showed a Hem-o-Lok clip at the fungating mass lesion. Because the patient was asymptomatic, with no major abnormalities on clinical examination, and endoscopic removal of the clip would have been difficult due to the presence of adhesions and inflammation, no attempt was made to remove the clip...
March 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
S Ozturk, H Cakin, K Karabulut, R Pasahan, M Kaplan
Lumboperitoneal shunts are widely used for the treatment of patients diagnosed with pseudotumor cerebri (PTC). Obesity is a risk factor for PTC. In particular, catheter migration out of the abdominal cavity is more commonly observed in morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study was to discuss the underlying mechanisms of catheter migration and treatment modalities in morbidly obese patients with PTC. The present study included four morbidly obese patients. All cases had undergone the previous laparotomy for insertion of a distal catheter into the abdominal cavity...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Amador García Ruiz de Gordejuela, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Manoel Galvao Neto, Mario Nora, Antonio J Torres García, Andrés Sánchez Pernaute, Jordi Pujol Gebelli
INTRODUCTION: Live surgery is a topic of interest at every meeting or course in the field of surgery. The potential of laparoscopy for live broadcasting makes it an excellent tool in continuing medical education. Surgeons who participate in live surgeries are usually experienced, but several conditions may influence the results and safety of a procedure. OBJECTIVES: To analyze safety and outcomes in a series of patients who underwent surgery in the last 10 years in a live surgery course at our institution...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Gloria Pelizzo, Anna Guddo, Aurora Puglisi, Annalisa De Silvestri, Calogero Comparato, Mario Valenza, Emanuele Bordonaro, Valeria Calcaterra
The reliability of wearable photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors to measure heart rate (HR) in hospitalized patients has only been demonstrated in adults. We evaluated the accuracy of HR monitoring with a personal fitness tracker (PFT) in children undergoing surgery. HR monitoring was performed using a wrist-worn PFT (Fitbit Charge HR) in 30 children (8.21 ± 3.09 years) undergoing laparoscopy ( n = 8) or open surgery ( n = 22). HR values were analyzed preoperatively and during surgery. The accuracy of HR recordings was compared with measurements recorded during continuous electrocardiographic (cECG) monitoring; HRs derived from continuous monitoring with pulse oximetry (SpO2R) were used as a positive control...
March 8, 2018: Children
Keiran D Clement, Andreas Luhmann, Michael Sj Wilson, Pradeep Patil
We report a case of a young woman admitted electively for laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, and again three days post-operatively as an emergency with profuse vomiting and abdominal pain. She underwent diagnostic laparoscopy, and a small gastric perforation was found at the site of the fundoplication and this was suture-repaired. On both admissions, she was "screened" for pregnancy as per current guidelines. On the second admission, following a CT scan, she was found to have a gravid uterus with a foetus of 16-18 weeks' gestation...
January 1, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
Carmen Payá-Llorente, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Segundo A Gómez-Abril, Ernesto Armañanzas-Villena
A 54-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with a 2-week history of alimentary vomiting. She had undergone laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding 6 years earlier. CT revealed a mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus and ischemia on the gastric wall. Emergent diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, and severe peritonitis and gastric necrosis caused by volvulation was found. After band removal, a fundal perforation was noted, but a viable lesser curvature enabled laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy to be performed...
March 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Serpil Sancar, Esra Özçakır, Mete Kaya
Objective: Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare congenital disease characterized by the presence of rudimentary Müllerian structures within an intra-abdominal or hernial sac in a virilized male, often presenting as undescended testes. In this study, we aim to present a series of the PMDS patients who were managed by orchiopexy without removal of Müllerian remnants (MR). Material and methods: Between May 2010 and June 2017, we treated six cases diagnosed as PMDS in our department...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
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