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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230590/modified-lateral-surgical-approach-to-the-pterygopalatine-fossa
#1
Masataka Uehara, Masaaki Sasaguri, Shunji Shiiba, Kazuhiro Tominaga
Oral cancer, especially that originates in the maxillary tuberosity, buccal mucosa, and maxillary alveolus, is apt to invade the pterygopalatine fossa, where an intraoral approach is nearly impossible. There are 2 main types of extraoral approach to the pterygopalatine fossa; the anterior approach and the lateral approach. Although the lateral approach has an advantage compared with the anterior approach in terms of cosmetics, after the operation numbness of the lower lip occurs due to the sacrifice of the mental nerve...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230581/a-handoffs-software-led-to-fewer-errors-of-omission-and-better-provider-satisfaction-a-randomized-control-trial
#2
Markos G Kashiouris, Christos Stefanou, Deepankar Sharma, Cecilia Yshii-Tamashiro, Ryan Vega, Sarah Hartingan, Charles Albrecht, Robert H Brown
BACKGROUND: Computer-assisted communication is shown to prevent critical omissions ("errors") in the handoff process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to study this effect and related provider satisfaction, using a standardized software. METHODS: Fourteen internal medicine house officers staffed 6 days and 1 cross-covering teams were randomized to either the intervention group or control, employing usual handoff, so that handoff information was exchanged only between same-group subjects (daily, for 28 days)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229803/supersaturated-calcium-phosphate-rinse-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-mucositis-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#3
Nisha Bhatt, Rahul Naithani, S K Gupta
OBJECTIVES: Mucositis is a common morbidity in patients undergoing bone marrow transplant. Various agents have been used to prevent and treat it with variable success. Here, we assessed the efficacy of supersaturated calcium phosphate rinses in prevention and treatment of oral mucositis in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the records of 80 patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant and received supersaturated calcium phosphate rinses for preVention of mucositis from April 2012 to January 2016...
February 23, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229467/characterization-of-genome-sequences-and-clinical-features-of-coxsackievirus-a6-strains-collected-in-hyogo-japan-in-1999-2013
#4
Miki Ogi, Yoshihiko Yano, Masatsugu Chikahira, Denshi Takai, Tomohiro Oshibe, Takeshi Arashiro, Nozomu Hanaoka, Tsuguto Fujimoto, Yoshitake Hayashi
Coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6) is an enterovirus, which is known to cause herpangina. However, since 2009 it has frequently been isolated from children with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). In Japan, CV-A6 has been linked to HFMD outbreaks in 2011 and 2013. In this study, the full-length genome sequencing of CV-A6 strains were analyzed to identify the association with clinical manifestations. 5612 children with suspected enterovirus infection (0-17 years old) between 1999 and 2013 in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, were enrolled...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#5
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228916/species-diversity-and-abundance-of-marine-crabs-portunidae-decapoda-from-a-collapsible-crab-trap-fishery-at-kung-krabaen-bay-chanthaburi-province-thailand
#6
Chutapa Kunsook, Pongchai Dumrongrojwatthana
The diversity and abundance of marine crabs from a collapsible crab trap fishery at Kung Krabaen Bay, Gulf of Thailand, were observed from August 2012 to June 2013 using 10 sampling stations. The results showed that there were seven families, 11 genera and 17 species (two anomuran and 15 brachyuran crabs). The two anomuran species were Clibanarius virescens (1,710 individuals) and Clibanarius infraspinatus (558 individuals). For brachyuran crabs, Portunidae was the most common family, including 10 species. The dominant species of brachyuran crabs included Thalamita crenata (897 individuals), Portunus pelagicus (806 individuals), Charybdis affinis (344 individuals), Scylla sp...
January 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228594/the-b-cell-response-to-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-cattle-following-sequential-vaccination-with-multiple-serotypes
#7
Clare F J Grant, B Veronica Carr, Abhay Kotecha, Erwin van den Born, David I Stuart, John A Hammond, Bryan Charleston
Foot-and mouth disease virus is a highly contagious viral disease. Antibodies are pivotal in providing protection against FMDV infection. Serological protection against one FMDV serotype doesn't confer inter-serotypic protection. However, some historical data have shown inter-serotypic protection can be induced following sequential FMDV challenge with multiple FMDV serotypes. In this study we have investigated the kinetics of the FMDV-specific antibody secreting cell response following homologous and heterologous inactivated FMDV vaccination regimes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228588/investigation-of-the-role-of-protein-kinase-d-in-human-rhinovirus-replication
#8
Anabel Guedán, Dawid Swieboda, Mark Charles, Marie Toussaint, Sebastian L Johnston, Amin Asfor, Anusha Panjwani, Tobias J Tuthill, Henry Danahay, Tony Raynham, Aurelie Mousnier, Roberto Solari
Picornavirus replication is known to cause extensive remodelling of Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum membranes and a number of the host proteins involved in the viral replication complex have been identified, including oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) and phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase III beta (PI4KB). Since both OSBP and PI4KB are substrates for protein kinase D (PKD) and PKD is known to be involved in the control of Golgi vesicular and lipid transport, we hypothesised that PKD played a role in viral replication...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228331/-efficacy-and-safety-of-available-therapies-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
J Moyson, F Legrand, M Vanden Bossche, T Quackels, T Roumeguère
OBJECTIVE: Study the efficacy and adverse events of different pharmacological lines in the treatment of idiopathic overactive bladder (iOAB). METHODS: PubMed research on meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials (RCT) focused on the efficacy and adverse effects of anticholinergics, botulinum toxin and mirabegron since 2005. RESULTS: Ten meta-analyses of anticholinergics were selected; 16 randomized controlled trials (ERC) comparing botulinum toxin A to either anticholinergic or placebo and 10 ERC studying mirabegron...
February 19, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228147/artificially-designed-recombinant-protein-composed-of-multiple-epitopes-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-as-a-vaccine-candidate
#10
Ho-Bin Lee, Da-Chuan Piao, Jun-Yeong Lee, Jae-Yun Choi, Jin-Duck Bok, Chong-Su Cho, Sang-Kee Kang, Yun-Jaie Choi
BACKGROUND: Concerns regarding the safety of inactivated foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccine have been raised since it is produced from cultured live FMD virus (FMDV). To overcome this issue, recombinant protein has been studied as an alternative vaccine. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We designed a chimerical multi-epitope recombinant protein (5BT), which is comprised of tandem repeats of five B cell epitopes (residue of VP1 136-162) derived from different FMDV variants and one T-cell epitope (residue of 3A 21-35)...
February 22, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227820/evaluating-respiratory-muscle-activity-using-a-wireless-sensor-platform
#11
Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Leonardo Sarlabous, Abel Torres
Wireless sensors are an emerging technology that allows to assist physicians in the monitoring of patients health status. This approach can be used for the non-invasive recording of the electrical respiratory muscle activity of the diaphragm (EMGdi). In this work, we acquired the EMGdi signal of a healthy subject performing an inspiratory load test. To this end, the EMGdi activity was captured from a single channel of electromyography using a wireless platform which was compared with the EMGdi and the inspiratory mouth pressure (Pmouth) recorded with a conventional lab equipment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227617/detection-of-chewing-from-piezoelectric-film-sensor-signals-using-ensemble-classifiers
#12
Muhammad Farooq, Edward Sazonov, Muhammad Farooq, Edward Sazonov, Muhammad Farooq, Edward Sazonov
Selection and use of pattern recognition algorithms is application dependent. In this work, we explored the use of several ensembles of weak classifiers to classify signals captured from a wearable sensor system to detect food intake based on chewing. Three sensor signals (Piezoelectric sensor, accelerometer, and hand to mouth gesture) were collected from 12 subjects in free-living conditions for 24 hrs. Sensor signals were divided into 10 seconds epochs and for each epoch combination of time and frequency domain features were computed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227598/real-time-physiological-and-facial-monitoring-for-safe-driving
#13
Yu-Lung Chang, Yen-Cheng Feng, Oscal T-C Chen, Yu-Lung Chang, Yen-Cheng Feng, Oscal T-C Chen, Yen-Cheng Feng, Oscal T-C Chen, Yu-Lung Chang
This work is to develop an intelligent driver-assistance system which can perceive the physiological state of a driver to avoid fatigue driving. The proposed system includes a camera, a wireless ElectroCardioGram (ECG) sensor patch, and a computation platform. The camera in front of a driver is to catch a face image which is processed to obtain features of a mouth for identifying a yawn. The sensor patch records ECG signals which are computed to yield six Heart Rate Variability (HRV) parameters. Seven healthy subjects of 6 males and 1 female had individually driven a car, which was embedded with our system, for 3 hours at a well-known route, mostly in a freeway road...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227339/time-frequency-representations-of-the-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-electromyographic-signal-recorded-with-concentric-ring-electrodes
#14
Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Javier Garcia-Casado, Leonardo Sarlabous, Gema Prats-Boluda, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Javier Garcia-Casado, Leonardo Sarlabous, Gema Prats-Boluda, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Javier Garcia-Casado, Leonardo Sarlabous, Abel Torres, Gema Prats-Boluda, Raimon Jane
The use of non-invasive methods for the study of respiratory muscle signals can provide clinical information for the evaluation of the respiratory muscle function. The aim of this study was to evaluate time-frequency characteristics of the electrical activity of the sternocleidomastoid muscle recorded superficially by means of concentric ring electrodes (CREs) in a bipolar configuration. The CREs enhance the spatial resolution, attenuate interferences, as the cardiac activity, and also simplify the orientation problem associated to the electrode location...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226761/multisensor-data-fusion-for-enhanced-respiratory-rate-estimation-in-thermal-videos
#15
Carina B Pereira, Xinchi Yu, Vladimir Blazek, Boudewijn Venema, Steffen Leonhardt, Carina B Pereira, Xinchi Yu, Vladimir Blazek, Boudewijn Venema, Steffen Leonhardt, Xinchi Yu, Vladimir Blazek, Carina B Pereira, Boudewijn Venema, Steffen Leonhardt
Scientific studies have demonstrated that an atypical respiratory rate (RR) is frequently one of the earliest and major indicators of physiological distress. However, it is also described in the literature as "the neglected vital parameter", mainly due to shortcomings of clinical available monitoring techniques, which require attachment of sensors to the patient's body. The current paper introduces a novel approach that uses multisensor data fusion for an enhanced RR estimation in thermal videos. It considers not only the temperature variation around nostrils and mouth, but the upward and downward movement of both shoulders...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226674/a-multiple-kernel-learning-approach-for-human-behavioral-task-classification-using-stn-lfp-signal
#16
Hosein M Golshan, Adam O Hebb, Sara J Hanrahan, Joshua Nedrud, Mohammad H Mahoor, Hosein M Golshan, Adam O Hebb, Sara J Hanrahan, Joshua Nedrud, Mohammad H Mahoor, Joshua Nedrud, Adam O Hebb, Sara J Hanrahan, Mohammad H Mahoor, Hosein M Golshan
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) has gained increasing attention as an effective method to mitigate Parkinson's disease (PD) disorders. Existing DBS systems are open-loop such that the system parameters are not adjusted automatically based on patient's behavior. Classification of human behavior is an important step in the design of the next generation of DBS systems that are closed-loop. This paper presents a classification approach to recognize such behavioral tasks using the subthalamic nucleus (STN) Local Field Potential (LFP) signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226526/classification-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-the-application-of-psychotherapy-using-viola-jones-and-edge-histogram-of-oriented-gradient
#17
Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Henry Candra, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su
Psychotherapy requires appropriate recognition of patient's facial-emotion expression to provide proper treatment in psychotherapy session. To address the needs this paper proposed a facial emotion recognition system using Combination of Viola-Jones detector together with a feature descriptor we term Edge-Histogram of Oriented Gradients (E-HOG). The performance of the proposed method is compared with various feature sources including the face, the eyes, the mouth, as well as both the eyes and the mouth. Seven classes of basic emotions have been successfully identified with 96...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226414/methylene-blue-for-the-treatment-of-intractable-pain-associated-with-oral-mucositis
#18
Carlos J Roldan, Kent Nouri, Thomas Chai, Billy Huh
Oral mucositis is a common and often debilitating complication among cancer patients receiving radiation therapy to the head and neck or chemotherapy agents, or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Pain and decreased oral function associated with oral mucositis may persist long after the conclusion of therapy. Although most patients respond to conservative management, a subset of patients develop intractable pain with severe consequences. For some, the use of total parenteral nutrition with insertion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tubes is the only alternative...
February 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224715/foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotype-sat1-in-cattle-nigeria
#19
D O Ehizibolo, A Haegeman, A R De Vleeschauwer, J U Umoh, H M Kazeem, E C Okolocha, S Van Borm, K De Clercq
The knowledge of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) dynamics and epidemiology in Nigeria and the West Africa subregion is important to support local and regional control plans and international risk assessment. Foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype South African territories (SAT)1 was isolated, identified and characterized from an FMD outbreak in cattle in Nigeria in 2015, 35 years after the last report of FMDV SAT1 in West Africa. The VP1 coding sequence of the Nigerian 2015 SAT1 isolates diverges from reported SAT1 topotypes resulting in a separate topotype...
February 21, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224280/predictors-of-success-in-combination-of-tongue-base-resection-and-lateral-pharyngoplasty-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Chi Sang Hwang, Jin Won Kim, Sang Chul Park, Hyo Jin Chung, Chang-Hoon Kim, Joo-Heon Yoon, Hyung-Ju Cho
The base of the tongue has been recognized as a significant site of obstruction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our aim was to determine the independent predictors of surgical success in tongue base resection combined with lateral pharyngoplasty for OSA. Thirty-one OSA patients who underwent endoscopie-guided coblator or transoral robotic tongue base resection in combination with lateral pharyngoplasty for the treatment of retroglossal obstruction between March 2012 and December 2015 were enrolled in this study...
February 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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