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T follicular helper cell

Liannv Qiu, Yonglie Zhou, Qinhua Yu, Sujie Zheng, Zhenni Wang, Qiang Huang
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is characterized by an abnormal expansion of mature B cells with variable progression. Follicular T helper (Tfh) cells help B cells differentiate into plasma cells or long-lived memory B cells in germinal centres (GCs). However, the role of Tfh cells in CLL is poorly understand, and whether it plays a critical role in disease progression in vivo is lacking. In this study, we investigate the dynamic change of circulating Tfh cells in peripheral blood from patients with CLL during the treatment periods to evaluate their utility to predict disease progression...
March 8, 2018: Immunology Letters
Mark L Lang
Vaccination with CD1d-binding glycolipid adjuvants and co-administered protein, lipid, and carbohydrate antigens leads to invariant natural killer T (NKT) cell-dependent enhancement of protective B cell responses. NKT cell activation boosts the establishment of protein antigen-specific B cell memory and long-lived plasma cell (LLPC) compartments. NKT cells may exert a similar effect on some carbohydrate-specific B cells, but not lipid-specific B cells. The mechanisms of action of NKT cells on B cell responsiveness and subsequent differentiation into memory B cells and LLPC is dependent on CD1d expression by dendritic cells and B cells that can co-present glycolipids on CD1d and antigen-derived peptide on MHCII...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Fang Gong, Hua-Yan Zhu, Jie Zhu, Qiao-Jing Dong, Xuan Huang, Dong-Jin Jiang
The pathogenesis of allergic asthma is primarily characterized by abnormality in immunoglobin(Ig)E pathway, suggesting a possible role for follicular helper T cells (Tfh) in the genesis of excessive IgE accumulation. The blood chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 5 (CXCR)5+ CD4+ T cells, known as "circulating" Tfh, share common functional characteristics with Tfh cells from germinal centers. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotypes and functions of circulating CXCR5+ CD4+ T cells in allergic asthmatics...
March 5, 2018: Immunology Letters
P Fallahi, R Foddis, G Elia, F Ragusa, A Patrizio, S Benvenga, A Cristaudo, A Antonelli, S M Ferrari
Vanadium is a grey metal, existing in different states of oxidation, whose most common form in commercial products is vanadium pentoxide (V2O5). All vanadium compounds have been considered toxic. A carcinogenic role of vanadium on the thyroid has recently been proposed. However no in vivo or in vitro studies have evaluated thyroid disruption in humans and/or animals after exposure to vanadium. In the present study we evaluate the effect of V2O5 on proliferation, and chemokine secretion in normal thyrocytes...
March 8, 2018: Oncology Reports
Chien-Chia Chen, Alice Koenig, Carole Saison, Suzan Dahdal, Guillaume Rigault, Thomas Barba, Morgan Taillardet, Dimitri Chartoire, Michel Ovize, Emmanuel Morelon, Thierry Defrance, Olivier Thaunat
Antibody-mediated rejection is currently the leading cause of transplant failure. Prevailing dogma predicts that B cells differentiate into anti-donor-specific antibody (DSA)-producing plasma cells only with the help of CD4+ T cells. Yet, previous studies have shown that dependence on helper T cells decreases when high amounts of protein antigen are recruited to the spleen, two conditions potentially met by organ transplantation. This could explain why a significant proportion of transplant recipients develop DSA despite therapeutic immunosuppression...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Devon K Taylor, Nanette Mittereder, Ellen Kuta, Tracy Delaney, Timothy Burwell, Karma Dacosta, Weiguang Zhao, Lily I Cheng, Charles Brown, Anmarie Boutrin, Xiang Guo, Wendy I White, Jie Zhu, Huifang Dong, Michael A Bowen, Jia Lin, Changshou Gao, Li Yu, Madhu Ramaswamy, Marie-Claude Gaudreau, Rob Woods, Ronald Herbst, Gianluca Carlesso
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a debilitating inflammatory and fibrotic disease that affects the skin and internal organs. Although the pathophysiology of SSc remains poorly characterized, mononuclear cells, mainly macrophages and T cells, have been implicated in inflammation and fibrosis. Inducible costimulator (ICOS), which is expressed on a subset of memory T helper (TH ) and T follicular helper (TFH ) cells, has been shown to be increased in SSc and associated with disease pathology. However, the identity of the relevant ICOS+ T cells and their contribution to inflammation and fibrosis in SSc are still unknown...
March 7, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Yang Liu, Yin Yao, Zhi-Chao Wang, Qing Ning, Zheng Liu
Host immunity (innate and adaptive immunity) plays essential roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory upper airway diseases including allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis. Recently, the discovery of novel innate immune cells, particularly innate lymphoid cells, has renewed our view on the role of innate immunity in inflammatory upper airway diseases. Meanwhile, the identification of new subsets of T helper (Th) cells including Th22, Th9 and follicular Th cells, and regulatory B cells in the adaptive immunity has broadened our knowledge on the complex immune networks in inflammatory upper airway diseases...
March 7, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Olivier Désy, Stéphanie Béland, Patrice Vallin, Julie Riopel, Eva Latulippe, Eric Wagner, Sacha A De Serres
Follicular helper T cells (Tfh) are crucial for the production of high-affinity antibodies, such as alloantibodies, by providing the signals for B-cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that human allogeneic dendritic cells (DC) stimulated with antibodies against HLA class II antigens preferentially differentiate human naive CD4+ T cells into Tfh cells. Following coculture with DCs treated with these antibodies, CD4+ T cells expressed CXCR5, ICOS, IL-21, Bcl-6 and phosphorylated STAT3...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Megan S F Soon, Ashraful Haque
CD4+ Th cell differentiation is crucial for protecting against blood-stage Plasmodium parasites, the causative agents of malaria. It has been known for decades that more than one type of Th cell develops during this infection, with early models proposing a biphasic Th1/Th2 model of differentiation. Over the past decade, a large body of research, in particular, reports over the past 2-3 y, have revealed substantial complexity in the Th differentiation program during Plasmodium infection. In this article, we review how several studies employing mouse models of malaria, and recent human studies, have redefined the process of Th differentiation, with a particular focus on Th1 and T follicular helper (Tfh) cells...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Mohammad Arif Rahman, Katherine M McKinnon, Tatiana S Karpova, David A Ball, David J Venzon, Wenjin Fan, Guobin Kang, Qingsheng Li, Marjorie Robert-Guroff
Follicular CD8+ T (fCD8) cells reside within B cell follicles and are thought to be immune-privileged sites of HIV/SIV infection. We have observed comparable levels of fCD8 cells between chronically SIV-infected rhesus macaques with low viral loads (LVL) and high viral loads (HVL), raising the question concerning their contribution to viremia control. In this study, we sought to clarify the role of SIV-specific fCD8 cells in lymph nodes during the course of SIV infection in rhesus macaques. We observed that fCD8 cells, T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, and T follicular regulatory cells (Tfreg) were all elevated in chronic SIV infection...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Rajakumar Mandraju, Aakanksha Jain, Yajing Gao, Zhiming Ouyang, Michael V Norgard, Chandrashekhar Pasare
Activation of CD4 T cells by dendritic cells leads to their differentiation into various effector lineages. The nature of the effector lineage is determined by the innate cues provided by dendritic cells to newly primed T cells. Although the cytokines necessary for several effector lineages have been identified, the innate cues that drive Tfh lineage development remain unclear. Here we find that following priming, CD4 T cells undergoing clonal expansion acquire a transient Tfh-like phenotype before differentiating into other effector lineages...
March 5, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Rongxin Wang, Ruiling Xie, Zongchang Song
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a complex disease with dysregulations in the immune system. Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are professional B helper cells that are crucial to the development of antibody responses and are involved in a variety of diseases. In this study, we examined the circulating Tfh cells in patients with chronic HBV infection. We observed that CD3+ CD4+ CXCR5+ circulating Tfh cells contained a CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg-like subset that was significantly enriched in patients with chronic HBV infections...
February 28, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Kyung-Ho Roh, Hannah W Song, Pallab Pradhan, Kevin Bai, Caitlin D Bohannon, Gordon Dale, Jardin Leleux, Joshy Jacob, Krishnendu Roy
B cells play a major role in the adaptive immune response by producing antigen-specific antibodies against pathogens and imparting immunological memory. Following infection or vaccination, antibody-secreting B cells and memory B cells are generated in specialized regions of lymph nodes and spleens, called germinal centers. Here, we report a fully synthetic ex-vivo system that recapitulates the generation of antigen-specific germinal-center (GC) like B cells using material-surface driven polyvalent signaling...
February 21, 2018: Biomaterials
Chen-Hao Yeh, Takuya Nojima, Masayuki Kuraoka, Garnett Kelsoe
B cells expressing high affinity antigen receptors are advantaged in germinal centers (GC), perhaps by increased acquisition of antigen for presentation to follicular helper T cells and improved T-cell help. In this model for affinity-dependent selection, the density of peptide/MHCII (pMHCII) complexes on GC B cells is the primary determinant of selection. Here we show in chimeric mice populated by B cells differing only in their capacity to express MHCII (MHCII+/+ and MHCII+/- ) that GC selection is insensitive to halving pMHCII density...
March 2, 2018: Nature Communications
Defeng Zhang, Yuanbo Wu, Gengyun Sun
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-192 in differentiation of T follicular helper cells in childhood asthma. Blood samples were taken from eighteen children with acute asthma attacks and fifteen healthy children (HC). Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of miR-192, C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXCR5), B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL-6) and inducible T-cell costimulator (ICOS). The flow cytometry was performed to detect the proportion of CD4 + CXCR5+ Tfh cells on CD4 + T lymphocytes...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Steven D Schutt, Yongxia Wu, Chih-Hang Anthony Tang, David Bastian, Hung Nguyen, M Hanief Sofi, MengMeng Zhang, Chen Liu, Kris Helke, Carole Wilson, Lynn M Schnapp, Juan R Del Valle, Chih-Chi Andrew Hu, Xue-Zhong Yu
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is a curative procedure for hematological malignancies, but chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) remains a major complication after allogeneic HCT. Because donor B cells are essential for cGVHD development and B cells are sensitive to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, we hypothesized that the IRE-1α/XBP-1 pathway is required for B-cell activation and function and for the development of cGVHD. To test this hypothesis, we used conditional knock-out mice deficient of XBP-1 specifically in B cells...
February 27, 2018: Blood Advances
Li Li, Yan Ma, Yuan Xu, Kamalibaike Maerkeya
Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are critical regulators of immune responses in several human malignancies. Their characteristics in ovarian cancer (OC) patients remain unclear. In this study, the circulating CD4+ CXCR5+ Tfh cells was examined and compared in OC patients and non-cancer (NC) controls. Data showed that the frequency of PD-1+ Tfh cells was significantly higher in OC patients than in NC controls. Compared to PD-1- Tfh cells, PD-1+ Tfh cells presented higher interleukin (IL)-21 and IL-10 secretion and stronger proliferation...
February 23, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Jalila Alshekaili, Rochna Chand, Cindy Eunhee Lee, Susan Corley, Kristy Kwong, Ilenia Papa, David A Fulcher, Katrina L Randall, Jennifer W Leiding, Cindy S Ma, Marc R Wilkins, Gulbu Uzel, Chris C Goodnow, Carola G Vinuesa, Stuart G Tangye, Matthew C Cook
A subset of human follicular helper T cells (TFH) cells expresses CD57 for which no distinct function has been identified. We show that CD57+ TFH cells are universally PD-1hi , but compared to their CD57- PD-1hi counterparts, express little IL-21 or IL-10 among others. Instead, CD57 expression on TFH cells marks cytotoxicity transcriptional signatures that translate into only a weak cytotoxic phenotype. Similarly, circulating PD-1+ CD57+ CD4+ T cells make less cytokine than their CD57- PD-1+ counterparts, but have a prominent cytotoxic phenotype...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dionysios C Watson, Eirini Moysi, Antonio Valentin, Cristina Bergamaschi, Santhi Devasundaram, Sotirios P Fortis, Jenifer Bear, Elena Chertova, Julian Bess, Ray Sowder, David J Venzon, Claire Deleage, Jacob D Estes, Jeffrey D Lifson, Constantinos Petrovas, Barbara K Felber, George N Pavlakis
B cell follicles in secondary lymphoid tissues represent an immune privileged sanctuary for AIDS viruses, in part because cytotoxic CD8+ T cells are mostly excluded from entering the follicles that harbor infected T follicular helper (TFH) cells. We studied the effects of native heterodimeric IL-15 (hetIL-15) treatment on uninfected rhesus macaques and on macaques that had spontaneously controlled SHIV infection to low levels of chronic viremia. hetIL-15 increased effector CD8+ T lymphocytes with high granzyme B content in blood, mucosal sites and lymph nodes, including virus-specific MHC-peptide tetramer+ CD8+ cells in LN...
February 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Mark Dell'Aringa, R Lee Reinhardt
Type-2 immunity is regulated by two distinct CD4+ T-cell subsets. T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are required for humoral hallmarks of type-2 inflammation. T-helper type-2 (Th2) cells orchestrate type-2 inflammation in peripheral tissues, such as the lung and intestine. Given the importance of Notch signaling in the establishment of other CD4+ T-helper cell subsets, we investigated whether canonical Notch activation could differentially impact Tfh and Th2 cell fate during the induction of type-2 immunity...
February 21, 2018: Mucosal Immunology
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