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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542408/mocap-proteins-regulated-by-moark1-mediated-phosphorylation-coordinate-endocytosis-and-actin-dynamics-to-govern-development-and-virulence-of-magnaporthe-oryzae
#1
Lianwei Li, Xiaolin Chen, Shengpei Zhang, Jun Yang, Deng Chen, Muxing Liu, Haifeng Zhang, Xiaobo Zheng, Ping Wang, Youliang Peng, Zhengguang Zhang
Actin organization is a conserved cellular process that regulates the growth and development of eukaryotic cells. It also governs the virulence process of pathogenic fungi, such as the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, with mechanisms not yet fully understood. In a previous study, we found that actin-regulating kinase MoArk1 displays conserved functions important in endocytosis and actin organization, and MoArk1 is required for maintaining the growth and full virulence of M. oryzae. To understand how MoArk1 might function, we identified capping protein homologs from M...
May 25, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542146/the-role-of-extracellular-histone-in-organ-injury
#2
REVIEW
Eleanor Silk, Hailin Zhao, Hao Weng, Daqing Ma
Histones are intra-nuclear cationic proteins that are present in all eukaryotic cells and are highly conserved across species. Within the nucleus, they provide structural stability to chromatin and regulate gene expression. Histone may be released into the extracellular space in three forms: freely, as a DNA-bound nucleosome or as part of neutrophil extracellular traps, and all three can be detected in serum after significant cellular death such as sepsis, trauma, ischaemia/reperfusion injury and autoimmune disease...
May 25, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540501/morphometric-characterization-of-rat-and-human-alveolar-macrophage-cell-models-and-their-response-to-amiodarone-using-high-content-image-analysis
#3
Ewelina Hoffman, Aateka Patel, Doug Ball, Jan Klapwijk, Val Millar, Abhinav Kumar, Abigail Martin, Rhamiya Mahendran, Lea Ann Dailey, Ben Forbes, Victoria Hutter
PURPOSE: Progress to the clinic may be delayed or prevented when vacuolated or "foamy" alveolar macrophages are observed during non-clinical inhalation toxicology assessment. The first step in developing methods to study this response in vitro is to characterize macrophage cell lines and their response to drug exposures. METHODS: Human (U937) and rat (NR8383) cell lines and primary rat alveolar macrophages obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage were characterized using high content fluorescence imaging analysis quantification of cell viability, morphometry, and phospholipid and neutral lipid accumulation...
May 24, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539583/transient-receptor-potential-canonical-5-channels-plays-an-essential-role-in-hepatic-dyslipidemia-associated-with-cholestasis
#4
Khadija M Alawi, David Tandio, Jin Xu, Pratish Thakore, Georgia Papacleovoulou, Elizabeth S Fernandes, Cristina Legido-Quigley, Catherine Williamson, Susan D Brain
Transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5), a calcium-permeable, non-selective cation channel is expressed in the periphery, but there is limited knowledge of its regulatory roles in vivo. Endogenous modulators of TRPC5 include a range of phospholipids that have an established role in liver disease, including lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Cholestasis is characterized by impairment of excretion of bile acids, leading to elevation of hepatic bile acids. We investigated the contribution of TRPC5 in a murine model of cholestasis...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539484/variation-of-thermal-conductivity-of-dppc-lipid-bilayer-membranes-around-the-phase-transition-temperature
#5
Sina Youssefian, Nima Rahbar, Christopher R Lambert, Steven Van Dessel
Given their amphiphilic nature and chemical structure, phospholipids exhibit a strong thermotropic and lyotropic phase behaviour in an aqueous environment. Around the phase transition temperature, phospholipids transform from a gel-like state to a fluid crystalline structure. In this transition, many key characteristics of the lipid bilayers such as structure and thermal properties alter. In this study, we employed atomistic simulation techniques to study the structure and underlying mechanisms of heat transfer in dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) lipid bilayers around the fluid-gel phase transformation...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539182/the-lack-of-ivivc-for-monoacyl-phospholipid-based-self-emulsifying-drug-delivery-systems
#6
EDITORIAL
Kinam Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539041/outer-membrane-vesicles-derived-from-salmonella-enteritidis-protect-against-the-virulent-wild-type-strain-infection-in-a-mouse-model
#7
Qiong Liu, Jie Yi, Kang Liang, Xiangmin Zhang, Qing Liu
Food-borne contamination and salmonellosis caused by Salmonella Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) are a significant threat to human health and poultry enterprises. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), which are naturally secreted by gram-negative bacteria, could be a good vaccine option because they have many biologically active substances, including lipopolysaccharides (LPS), outer membrane proteins (OMPs), and phospholipids, as well as periplasmic components. In the present study, we purified OMVs derived from S. Enteritidis and analyzed their characteristics through silver staining and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538693/preparation-characterization-and-antioxidant-activity-evaluation-of-liposomes-containing-water-soluble-hydroxytyrosol-from-olive
#8
Jiao-Jiao Yuan, Frank G F Qin, Jun-Ling Tu, Bing Li
Due to the multiple hydroxyl groups in its structure, hydroxytyrosol (HT) is very sensitive to air and light and has very strong instability and hydrophilicity that affect its biological activity. This study attempted to prepare liposomes containing water-soluble HT to improve the bioavailability and biocompatibility of the target drug. The preparation process factors (temperature, mass ratio of phospholipid (PL) and cholesterol (CH), Tween-80 volume, HT mass) were studied and response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the conditions...
May 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538665/molecular-basis-of-alcohol-related-gastric-and-colon-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Hye-Kyung Na, Ja Young Lee
Many meta-analysis, large cohort studies, and experimental studies suggest that chronic alcohol consumption increases the risk of gastric and colon cancer. Ethanol is metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH), catalase or cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to acetaldehyde, which is then further oxidized to acetate by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). Acetaldehyde has been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 carcinogen to humans. The acetaldehyde level in the stomach and colon is locally influenced by gastric colonization by Helicobacter pylori or colonic microbes, as well as polymorphisms in the genes encoding tissue alcohol metabolizing enzymes, especially ALDH2...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538152/apoptotic-bax-at-oxidatively-stressed-mitochondrial-membranes-lipid-dynamics-and-permeabilization
#10
Artur Peter Günther Dingeldein, Šárka Pokorná, Martin Lidman, Tobias Sparrman, Radek Šachl, Martin Hof, Gerhard Gröbner
Mitochondria are crucial compartments of eukaryotic cells because they function as the cellular power plant and play a central role in the early stages of programmed cell death (apoptosis). To avoid undesired cell death, this apoptotic pathway is tightly regulated by members of the Bcl-2 protein family, which interact on the external surface of the mitochondria, i.e., the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM), and modulate its permeability to apoptotic factors, controlling their release into the cytosol. A growing body of evidence suggests that the MOM lipids play active roles in this permeabilization process...
May 23, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537545/paenibacillus-lacus-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-water-reservoir
#11
Wen-Ming Chen, Kai-Rou Lin, Shih-Yi Sheu
A bacterial strain, designated Agd-32T, was isolated from a water sample taken from the Agongdian Reservoir in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain Agd-32T were Gram-stain-variable, aerobic, motile by means of peritrichous flagella, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and surrounded by a thick capsule. Strain Agd-32T contained anteiso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the predominant fatty acids. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7, and the polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and one unidentified lipid...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535956/highly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-hufa-mediate-and-monitor-food-s-impact-on-health
#12
REVIEW
Bill Lands
A hyperbolic, saturable, competitive dynamic of ligand binding to metabolic enzymes and lipid mediator receptors gives non-linear dose-response interactions that need careful management when planning or interpreting nutrient-based interventions. Relatively indiscriminate metabolism during accumulation of HUFA from n-3 and n-6 nutrients allows the amounts of n-3 and n-6 nutrients to determine the HUFA balance accumulated in tissue phospholipids. However, when HUFA-based eicosanoid actions are more intense with n-6 than n-3 mediators, they cause healthy physiology to shift toward pathophysiology...
May 20, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535818/rapid-evaporative-ionisation-mass-spectrometry-of-electrosurgical-vapours-for-the-identification-of-breast-pathology-towards-an-intelligent-knife-for-breast-cancer-surgery
#13
Edward R St John, Julia Balog, James S McKenzie, Merja Rossi, April Covington, Laura Muirhead, Zsolt Bodai, Francesca Rosini, Abigail V M Speller, Sami Shousha, Rathi Ramakrishnan, Ara Darzi, Zoltan Takats, Daniel R Leff
BACKGROUND: Re-operation for positive resection margins following breast-conserving surgery occurs frequently (average = 20-25%), is cost-inefficient, and leads to physical and psychological morbidity. Current margin assessment techniques are slow and labour intensive. Rapid evaporative ionisation mass spectrometry (REIMS) rapidly identifies dissected tissues by determination of tissue structural lipid profiles through on-line chemical analysis of electrosurgical aerosol toward real-time margin assessment...
May 23, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535777/plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-confirms-compliance-to-a-novel-saturated-fat-reduced-monounsaturated-fat-enriched-dairy-product-intervention-in-adults-at-moderate-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Oonagh Markey, Dafni Vasilopoulou, Kirsty E Kliem, Albert Koulman, Colette C Fagan, Keith Summerhill, Laura Y Wang, Alistair S Grandison, David J Humphries, Susan Todd, Kim G Jackson, David I Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are a major contributor to dietary SFA. Partial replacement of milk SFA with unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) is possible through oleic-acid rich supplementation of the dairy cow diet. To assess adherence to the intervention of SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched dairy product consumption in the RESET (REplacement of SaturatEd fat in dairy on Total cholesterol) study using 4-d weighed dietary records, in addition to plasma phospholipid FA (PL-FA) status. METHODS: In a randomised, controlled, crossover design, free-living UK participants identified as moderate risk for CVD (n = 54) were required to replace habitually consumed dairy foods (milk, cheese and butter), with study products with a FA profile typical of retail products (control) or SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched profile (modified), for two 12-week periods, separated by an 8-week washout period...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535537/triggering-of-suicidal-erythrocyte-death-by-exemestane
#15
Abdulla Al Mamun Bhuyan, Rosi Bissinger, Hang Cao, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The steroidal aromatase inactivator exemestane blocks estrogen biosynthesis and is thus employed for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Exemestane is in part effective by stimulation of suicidal cell death or apoptosis. Side effects of exemestane treatment include anemia. At least in theory, exemestane induced anemia could be secondary to stimulation of suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis, characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface...
May 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535204/colocalization-of-receptors-for-shiga-toxins-with-lipid-rafts-in-primary-human-renal-glomerular-endothelial-cells-and-influence-of-d-pdmp-on-synthesis-and-distribution-of-glycosphingolipid-receptors
#16
Nadine Legros, Gottfried Pohlentz, Jana Runde, Stefanie Dusny, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Helge Karch, Johannes Müthing
Damage of human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs) of the kidney represents the linchpin in the pathogenesis of the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by Shiga toxins (Stxs) of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). We performed a comprehensive structural analysis of the Stx receptor glycosphingolipids (GSLs) globotriaosylceramide (Gb3Cer, Galα4alβ4Glcβ1Cer) and globotetraosylceramide (Gb4Cer, GalNAcβ3Galα4Galβ4Glcβ1Cer) and their distribution in lipid raft analogue detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) and nonDRMs prepared from primary HRGECs...
May 23, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535061/sitting-phase-monolayers-of-polymerizable-phospholipids-create-dimensional-molecular-scale-wetting-control-for-scalable-solution-based-patterning-of-layered-materials
#17
Shi Wah Choong, Shane R Russell, Jae Jin Bang, Justin K Patterson, Shelley A Claridge
The use of dimensionally ordered ligands on layered materials to direct local electronic structure and interactions with the environment promises to streamline integration into nanostructured electronic, optoelectronic, sensing, and nanofluidic interfaces. Substantial progress has been made in using ligands to control substrate electronic structure. Conversely, using the exposed face of the ligand layer to structure wetting and binding interactions, particularly with scalable solution- or spray-processed materials, remains a significant challenge...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535035/fabrication-of-anti-biofouling-plasma-filtration-membrane-by-electrospinning-process-using-photo-crosslinkable-zwitterionic-phospholipid-polymers
#18
Jiae Seo, Ji-Hun Seo
The goal of this study is to fabricate a stable plasma filtration membrane with anti-biofouling properties via an electrospinning process. To this end, a random-type copolymer consisting of zwitterionic phosphorylcholine (PC) groups and ultraviolet (UV)-crosslinkable phenyl azide groups was synthesized. The zwitterionic PC group provides anti-biofouling properties, and the phenyl azide group enables the stable maintenance of the fibrous nanostructure of hydrophilic zwitterion polymers in aqueous medium via a simple UV curing process...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534833/coagulating-colubrids-evolutionary-pathophysiological-and-biodiscovery-implications-of-venom-variations-between-boomslang-dispholidus-typus-and-twig-snake-thelotornis-mossambicanus
#19
Jordan Debono, James Dobson, Nicholas R Casewell, Anthony Romilio, Bin Li, Nyoman Kurniawan, Karine Mardon, Vera Weisbecker, Amanda Nouwens, Hang Fai Kwok, Bryan G Fry
Venoms can deleteriously affect any physiological system reachable by the bloodstream, including directly interfering with the coagulation cascade. Such coagulopathic toxins may be anticoagulants or procoagulants. Snake venoms are unique in their use of procoagulant toxins for predatory purposes. The boomslang (Dispholidus typus) and the twig snakes (Thelotornis species) are iconic African snakes belonging to the family Colubridae. Both species produce strikingly similar lethal procoagulant pathologies. Despite these similarities, antivenom is only produced for treating bites by D...
May 19, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534401/physical-and-oxidative-stability-of-flaxseed-oil-in-water-emulsions-fabricated-from-sunflower-lecithins-impact-of-blending-lecithins-with-different-phospholipid-profiles
#20
Li Liang, Fang Chen, Xing-Guo Wang, Qingzhe Jin, Eric A Decker, David Julian McClements
There is great interest in the formulation of plant-based foods enriched with nutrients that promote health, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids. This study evaluated the impact of sunflower phospholipid type on the formation and stability of flaxseed oil-in-water emulsions. Two sunflower lecithins (Sunlipon 50 and 90) with different phosphatidylcholine (PC) levels (59 and 90%, respectively) were used in varying ratios to form emulsions. Emulsion droplet size, charge, appearance, microstructure, and oxidation were measured during storage at 55 C in the dark...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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