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localization microscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777869/subconjunctival-dendrimer-drug-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-in-rabbits-with-induced-autoimmune-dacryoadenitis
#1
Hui Lin, Ying Liu, Siva P Kambhampati, Chih-Chien Hsu, Rangaramanujam M Kannan, Samuel C Yiu
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of a single subconjunctival injection of dendrimer-dexamethasone to treat dry eye in a rabbit model of induced autoimmune dacryoadenitis (AID). METHOD: Dendrimer biodistribution after subconjuntival injection in AID animals was evaluated using Cy5-labelled dendrimer (D-Cy5) and confocal microscopy. Diseased animals were treated with free dexamethasone (Free-Dex), dendrimer-dexamethasone (D-Dex), or saline via a single subconjunctival injection...
May 16, 2018: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777587/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-density-may-not-be-the-only-determinant-for-the-efficacy-of-egfr-targeted-photoimmunotherapy-in-human-head-and-neck-cancer-cell-lines
#2
Wei Peng, Henriette S de Bruijn, Eric Farrell, Mouldy Sioud, Vida Mashayekhi, Sabrina Oliveira, Go M van Dam, Jan L N Roodenburg, Max J H Witjes, Dominic J Robinson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of targeted photoimmunotherapy (PIT) in vitro on cell lines with various expression levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) using an anti-EGFR targeted conjugate composed of Cetuximab and IR700DX, phthalocyanine dye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relative EGFR density and cell binding assay was conducted in three human head & neck cancer cell lines (scc-U2, scc-U8, and OSC19) and one reference cell line A431...
May 19, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777389/iron-based-metal-organic-frameworks-as-a-theranostic-carrier-for-local-tuberculosis-therapy
#3
Gabriela Wyszogrodzka, Przemysław Dorożyński, Barbara Gil, Wieslaw J Roth, Maciej Strzempek, Bartosz Marszałek, Władysław P Węglarz, Elżbieta Menaszek, Weronika Strzempek, Piotr Kulinowski
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was initial evaluation of applicability of metal organic framework (MOF) Fe-MIL-101-NH2 as a theranostic carrier of antituberculous drug in terms of its functionality, i.e. drug loading, drug dissolution, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast and cytotoxic safety. METHODS: Fe-MIL-101-NH2 was characterized using X-ray powder diffraction, FTIR spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy. The particle size analysis was determined using laser diffraction...
May 18, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777103/bacterial-encapsulins-as-orthogonal-compartments-for-mammalian-cell-engineering
#4
Felix Sigmund, Christoph Massner, Philipp Erdmann, Anja Stelzl, Hannes Rolbieski, Mitul Desai, Sarah Bricault, Tobias P Wörner, Joost Snijder, Arie Geerlof, Helmut Fuchs, Martin Hrabĕ de Angelis, Albert J R Heck, Alan Jasanoff, Vasilis Ntziachristos, Jürgen Plitzko, Gil G Westmeyer
We genetically controlled compartmentalization in eukaryotic cells by heterologous expression of bacterial encapsulin shell and cargo proteins to engineer enclosed enzymatic reactions and size-constrained metal biomineralization. The shell protein (EncA) from Myxococcus xanthus auto-assembles into nanocompartments inside mammalian cells to which sets of native (EncB,C,D) and engineered cargo proteins self-target enabling localized bimolecular fluorescence and enzyme complementation. Encapsulation of the enzyme tyrosinase leads to the confinement of toxic melanin production for robust detection via multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT)...
May 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775703/ultrastructural-characterization-of-corticotropin-releasing-factor-and-neuropeptide-y-in-the-rat-locus-coeruleus-anatomical-evidence-for-putative-interactions
#5
Catherine C Theisen, Beverly A S Reyes, E L Sabban, Elisabeth J Van Bockstaele
As a neurochemical mediator of stress resilience, NPY has been shown to oppose excitatory effects of the pro-stress neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). Previous studies have described the anatomical organization of NPY and CRF in the central nucleus of the amygdala, which sends CRF projections to the locus coeruleus (LC), activating LC norepinephrine release. However, the cellular substrates for interactions between NPY and CRF in the LC remain unknown. In this study, we investigated these anatomical substrates in the male rat LC, using immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, and immunoelectron microscopy to detect NPY and CRF, as well as CRF and Y1 or Y2 receptors (Y1R or Y2R)...
May 15, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775115/immunofluorescent-localization-of-non-myelinating-schwann-cells-and-their-interactions-with-immune-cells-in-mouse-thymus
#6
Dailun Hu, Philip K Nicholls, Changfu Yin, Khama Kelman, Qionglan Yuan, Wayne K Greene, Zhongli Shi, Bin Ma
The thymus is innervated by sympathetic/parasympathetic nerve fibers from the peripheral nervous system (PNS), suggesting a neural regulation of thymic function including T-cell development. Despite some published studies, data on the innervation and nerve-immune interaction inside the thymus remain limited. In the present study, we used immunofluorescent staining of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) coupled with confocal microscopy/three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction to reveal the distribution of non-myelinating Schwann cells (NMSC) and their interactions with immune cells inside mouse thymus...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774907/plasmon-response-evaluation-based-on-image-derived-arbitrary-nanostructures
#7
S Trautmann, M Richard-Lacroix, A Dathe, H Schneidewind, J Dellith, W Fritzsche, V Deckert
The optical response of realistic 3D plasmonic substrates composed of randomly shaped particles of different size and interparticle distance distributions in addition to nanometer scale surface roughness is intrinsically challenging to simulate due to computational limitations. Here, we present a Finite Element Method (FEM)-based methodology that bridges in-depth theoretical investigations and experimental optical response of plasmonic substrates composed of such silver nanoparticles. Parametrized scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) active substrate and tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) probes are used to simulate the far-and near-field optical response...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774837/novel-poxvirus-in-proliferative-lesions-of-wild-rodents-in-east-central-texas-usa
#8
Carolyn L Hodo, Matthew R Mauldin, Jessica E Light, Kimberly Wilkins, Shiyuyun Tang, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Ginny L Emerson, Jana M Ritter, Joanne L Mansell, Sarah A Hamer
Northern pygmy mice from 2 localities in East Central Texas, USA, had proliferative epidermal lesions on the tail and feet. Electron microscopy of lesion tissue revealed poxvirus. Phylogenetic analyses indicated the virus differed 35% from its closest relatives, the Chordopoxvirinae. Future research is needed to determine whether this virus could affect human health.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774449/cellular-and-subcellular-localization-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-chaperone-grp78-following-transient-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-rats
#9
Xuyan Jin, Dong Kyu Kim, Tae-Ryong Riew, Hong Lim Kim, Mun-Yong Lee
The 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), a chaperone protein located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), has been reported to have neuroprotective effects in the injured central nervous system. Our aim was to examine the expression profiles and subcellular distributions of GRP78 and its association with the neuroglial reaction in the rat striatum after transient, focal cerebral ischemia. In sham-operated rats, constitutive, specific immunoreactivity for GRP78 was almost exclusively localized to the rough ER of striatal neurons, with none in the resting, ramified microglia or astrocytes...
May 17, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773809/super-resolution-imaging-reveals-the-sub-diffraction-phenotype-of-zellweger-syndrome-ghosts-and-wild-type-peroxisomes
#10
Kareem Soliman, Fabian Göttfert, Hendrik Rosewich, Sven Thoms, Jutta Gärtner
Peroxisomes are ubiquitous cell organelles involved in many metabolic and signaling functions. Their assembly requires peroxins, encoded by PEX genes. Mutations in PEX genes are the cause of Zellweger Syndrome spectrum (ZSS), a heterogeneous group of peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBD). The size and morphological features of peroxisomes are below the diffraction limit of light, which makes them attractive for super-resolution imaging. We applied Stimulated Emission Depletion (STED) microscopy to study the morphology of human peroxisomes and peroxisomal protein localization in human controls and ZSS patients...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773789/light-induced-formation-of-partially-reduced-oxygen-species-limits-the-lifetime-of-photosystem-1-based-biocathodes
#11
Fangyuan Zhao, Steffen Hardt, Volker Hartmann, Huijie Zhang, Marc M Nowaczyk, Matthias Rögner, Nicolas Plumeré, Wolfgang Schuhmann, Felipe Conzuelo
Interfacing photosynthetic proteins specifically photosystem 1 (PS1) with electrodes enables light-induced charge separation processes for powering semiartificial photobiodevices with, however, limited long-term stability. Here, we present the in-depth evaluation of a PS1/Os-complex-modified redox polymer-based biocathode by means of scanning photoelectrochemical microscopy. Focalized local illumination of the bioelectrode and concomitant collection of H2 O2 at the closely positioned microelectrode provide evidence for the formation of partially reduced oxygen species under light conditions...
May 17, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772718/ectromelia-virus-affects-mitochondrial-network-morphology-distribution-and-physiology-in-murine-fibroblasts-and-macrophage-cell-line
#12
Karolina P Gregorczyk, Zbigniew Wyżewski, Joanna Szczepanowska, Felix N Toka, Matylda B Mielcarska, Magdalena Bossowska-Nowicka, Małgorzata Gieryńska, Anna Boratyńska-Jasińska, Justyna Struzik, Marek G Niemiałtowski, Lidia Szulc-Dąbrowska
Mitochondria are multifunctional organelles that participate in numerous processes in response to viral infection, but they are also a target for viruses. The aim of this study was to define subcellular events leading to alterations in mitochondrial morphology and function during infection with ectromelia virus (ECTV). We used two different cell lines and a combination of immunofluorescence techniques, confocal and electron microscopy, and flow cytometry to address subcellular changes following infection. Early in infection of L929 fibroblasts and RAW 264...
May 16, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772361/comparative-histological-and-molecular-analysis-of-two-recurrent-lesions-showing-different-mr-imaging-responses-after-bevacizumab-treatment-report-of-a-case-of-anaplastic-astrocytoma
#13
Yoshihiro Otani, Tomotsugu Ichikawa, Atsuhito Uneda, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Joji Ishida, Isao Date
BACKGROUND: We report the case of a patient with anaplastic astrocytoma whose two recurrent lesions showed different imaging responses from one another after bevacizumab treatment. Histological and genetic features of this patient are also described. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old patient with left temporal anaplastic astrocytoma received surgery, local radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Recurrent lesions appeared in the cerebellar vermis and left cerebellar hemisphere, and the patient was started on biweekly bevacizumab...
May 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772232/hypomyelination-and-cognitive-impairment-in-mice-lacking-cd133-prominin-1
#14
Mi-Hyun Choi, Ji Eun Na, Ye Ran Yoon, Im Joo Rhyu, Young-Gyu Ko, Ja-Hyun Baik
The CD133 antigen, also known as prominin-1, is a glycoprotein that specifically localizes to plasma membrane protrusions. The precise function of CD133 remains unknown, but it is expressed in various progenitor cells including those derived from the neural and hematopoietic system, as well as different tissues. In the adult mouse brain, CD133 is highly expressed in white matter. Here, we performed immunochemical staining and electron microscopy to demonstrate that mice lacking CD133 (CD133-/- ) exhibit decreased myelin in the corpus callosum, the largest white matter tract in the brain...
May 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771536/selective-removal-of-b800-bacteriochlorophyll-a-from-light-harvesting-complex-2-of-the-purple-photosynthetic-bacterium-phaeospirillum-molischianum
#15
Yoshitaka Saga, Keiya Hirota, Sayaka Matsui, Hitoshi Asakawa, Hiroshi Ishikita, Keisuke Saito
The selective removal of B800 bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) a from light-harvesting complex 2 (LH2) in purple photosynthetic bacteria is a clue about elucidation of the mechanism for the transfer of energy from these pigments to B850 BChl a and their roles in the LH2 protein structure. We demonstrated that the kinetics of the removal of B800 BChl a from two representative LH2 proteins derived from Phaeospirillum molischianum and Rhodoblastus acidophilus differed significantly, in contrast to the calculated binding enthalpy...
May 17, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770868/effect-of-dimerized-melittin-on-gastric-cancer-cells-and-antibacterial-activity
#16
Elaheh Jamasbi, Sasidharan S Lucky, Wenyi Li, Mohammed Akhter Hossain, Ponnampalam Gopalakrishnakone, Frances Separovic
Melittin is the peptide toxin found in bee venom and is effective against cancer cells. To enhance its activity, a branched dimeric form of melittin was designed. The monomeric form of the peptide was more cytotoxic against gastric cancer cells at low concentrations (1-5 μM) than the dimer form, while the cytotoxic effect was comparable at higher concentrations (10 μM). Confocal microscopy showed that both the monomer and dimer forms of melittin with fluorescent label at the C terminus penetrated the cytoplasm and localized at the cell nucleus and disrupted the cell membrane...
May 16, 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770531/use-of-antibiotic-impregnated-resorbable-beads-reduces-pressure-ulcer-recurrence-a-retrospective-analysis
#17
Ibrahim Khansa, Jenny C Barker, Piya Das Ghatak, Chandan K Sen, Gayle M Gordillo
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of pressure ulcers remains common. We have employed resorbable antibiotic beads as a therapeutic strategy to deliver high local antibiotic concentrations to the debridement site. Our objective was to determine whether the use of resorbable antibiotic- beads would reduce pressure ulcer recurrence. METHODS: We reviewed all stage IV pressure ulcers treated with excision, partial ostectomy and flap coverage over 16 years. Baseline patient factors (location of ulcer, presence of osteomyelitis, preoperative prealbumin), surgical factors (type of flap, use of antibiotic beads, bone culture results) and postoperative outcomes (ulcer recurrence at 1 year, dehiscence, seroma, cellulitis) were collected...
May 17, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770142/subcellular-localization-screening-of-colletotrichum-higginsianum-effector-candidates-identifies-fungal-proteins-targeted-to-plant-peroxisomes-golgi-bodies-and-microtubules
#18
Guillaume P Robin, Jochen Kleemann, Ulla Neumann, Lisa Cabre, Jean-Félix Dallery, Nicolas Lapalu, Richard J O'Connell
The genome of the hemibiotrophic anthracnose fungus, Colletotrichum higginsianum , encodes a large inventory of putative secreted effector proteins that are sequentially expressed at different stages of plant infection, namely appressorium-mediated penetration, biotrophy and necrotrophy. However, the destinations to which these proteins are addressed inside plant cells are unknown. In the present study, we selected 61 putative effector genes that are highly induced in appressoria and/or biotrophic hyphae. We then used Agrobacterium -mediated transformation to transiently express them as N -terminal fusions with fluorescent proteins in cells of Nicotiana benthamiana for imaging by confocal microscopy...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769429/mechanisms-involved-in-the-development-of-the-small-intestine-mucosal-layer-in-postnatal-piglets
#19
T H Skrzypek, W Kazimierczak, H Skrzypek, J L Valverde Piedra, M M Godlewski, R Zabielski
The use of complementary visualization and measurement techniques allowed accurate description and quantification of changes in the intestinal mucosal architecture and provided a comprehensive outlook on the dynamics of remodelling and maturation processes of the mucosal layer taking place in the small intestine of piglets from birth to weaning. The aim of the study was to examine the early postnatal development of the small intestine in pigs. Three techniques were used: scanning electron microscopy (measurements of villus density and shape, height of enterocytes and microvilli, cell exfoliation, and location of extrusion zones), optical microscopy (cross section, measurement of structures: villus length and width; crypt depth; mucosal thickness), and confocal microscopy (cell localization, apoptosis, exfoliation and migration)...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769336/cytoplasmic-re-localization-and-colocalization-with-viroplasms-of-host-cell-proteins-and-their-role-in-rotavirus-infection
#20
Poonam Dhillon, Varsha N Tandra, Sandip G Chorghade, Nima D Namsa, Lipika Sahoo, C Durga Rao
Rotavirus replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells in unique virus-induced cytoplasmic inclusion bodies called viroplasms (VM), which are nucleated by two essential viral non-structural proteins NSP2 and NSP5. However, the precise composition of the VM, intracellular localization of host proteins during virus infection, their association with VM or role in rotavirus growth remained largely unexplored. Mass-spectrometry analyses revealed the presence of several host heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) and AU-rich element-binding proteins (ARE-BPs) and cytoplasmic proteins from uninfected MA104 cell extracts in the pull-down (PD) complexes of purified viroplasmic proteins NSP2 and NSP5...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Virology
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