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Child development AND caries

Carol A Clark, Kathleen A Kent, Richard D Jackson
Oral health is essential to overall health at any age, although in children it is particularly important because poor oral health can have a deleterious effect on deciduous and permanent dentition. For decades, oral health providers have urged primary care providers to incorporate oral health assessment, risk factor identification, parent education, and preventive therapy into routine well-child visits. Despite recommendations from various professional associations and governmental organizations, the incidence of dental disease in young children remains relatively unchanged...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Mohamed A Hendaus, Hibaq A Jama, Faisal J Siddiqui, Sohair A Elsiddig, Ahmed H Alhammadi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate parental preference for fluoride varnish in a country where the average percentage of dental caries in young children is up to ~73%. Consequently, the aim of this study, despite being a pilot, was to create a nationwide project in the State of Qatar to promote oral health in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional perspective study was conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. Parents of children aged ≤5 years were offered an interview survey...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
P A Braun, D O Quissell, W G Henderson, L L Bryant, S E Gregorich, C George, N Toledo, D Cudeii, V Smith, N Johs, J Cheng, M Rasmussen, N F Cheng, W Santo, T Batliner, A Wilson, A Brega, R Roan, K Lind, T Tiwari, S Shain, G Schaffer, M Harper, S M Manson, J Albino
The authors tested the effectiveness of a community-based, tribally delivered oral health promotion (OHP) intervention (INT) at reducing caries increment in Navajo children attending Head Start. In a 3-y cluster-randomized trial, we developed an OHP INT with Navajo input that was delivered by trained Navajo lay health workers to children attending 52 Navajo Head Start classrooms (26 INT, 26 usual care [UC]). The INT was designed as a highly personalized set of oral health-focused interactions (5 for children and 4 for parents), along with 4 fluoride varnish applications delivered in Head Start during academic years of 2011 to 2012 and 2012 to 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Jean Aishwarya Henry, Murugan Satta Muthu, Ankita Saikia, Balamurugan Asaithambi, Kavitha Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continues to be the most common public health issue in developing countries. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of ECC in 0- to 3-year-old children from rural areas of South India, using the ICDAS. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 1486 children aged 0-3 years in South India. Two calibrated examiners performed the oral examinations using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria...
July 20, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
L Paglia, S Scaglioni, V Torchia, V De Cosmi, M Moretti, G Marzo, M R Giuca
AIM: To evaluate the causes of Early Childhood Caries. METHODS: HASH(0x4e7d960) STUDY DESIGN: A statistical comparison of two groups of patients, aged between 3 and 6, and their parents, in the 3-year period 2013-2015 was performed. Two groups of patients were selected: 40 children with early childhood caries (ECC group) and 40 children with no decay (controls). Parents were asked to fill out a questionnaire on food habits, oral hygiene habits, fluoride prophylaxis and family history of caries...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
G M Davies, J Neville, D Wilcox
UNLABELLED: Dental epidemiological surveys of children often focus on caries levels of five-year-olds as they are accessible and amenable to examination. Standardised surveys of this age group have been successfully carried out in the UK for many years. If improvements to caries level at age five are to be made then it is important to know when caries develops in the preceding years and what the likely causes are. This paper reports on the feasibility, utility and impact of a standardised survey of three-year-old children which took place in England...
June 2016: Community Dental Health
L Gibbs, A M de Silva, B Christian, L Gold, M Gussy, L Moore, H Calache, D Young, E Riggs, M Tadic, R Watt, I Gondal, E Waters
UNLABELLED: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most common, preventable disease of childhood. It can affect children's health and wellbeing and children from migrant families may be at greater risk of developing ECC. OBJECTIVE: To describe ECC in children from migrant families, and explore possible influences. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of caries data collected as baseline data for an oral health promotion study. PARTICIPANTS: The analysis sample included 630 1-4 year-old children clustered within 481 Iraqi, Lebanese and Pakistani families in Melbourne, Australia...
June 2016: Community Dental Health
Karolina Wapniarska, Katarzyna Buła, Aleksandra Hilt
BACKGROUND: Oral hygiene is a crucial part of caring for young children. This problem is frequently marginalized or even ignored by parents/guardians, what affects child's whole further life. OBJECTIVES: The assessment of parents' knowledge concerning oral hygiene and prevention of dental caries in infants and young children. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The test group consisted of parents, as well as men and women currently expecting a child. The study was conducted in a form of a survey, using an original questionnaire, which was carried out in several hospitals in Lodz and online, on a popular local forum for parents...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ekta Singh, Sabyasachi Saha, G V Jagannath, Sanjay Singh, Sonali Saha, Nishita Garg
BACKGROUND: Dermatoglyphics refers to study of the intricate dermal ridge configurations on the skin covering the palmar and plantar surfaces of hand and feet. The basis of considering dermatoglyphic patterns as genetic marker for dental caries is that the epithelium of finger buds as well as enamel has ectodermal origin, and both develop at the same time of intrauterine life. AIM: To assess the relationship between fingerprint patterns and dental caries among preschool children of Lucknow city...
January 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Maxine Veale, Shilpi Ajwani, Maree Johnson, Linda Nash, Tiffany Patterson, Ajesh George
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries affects nearly half the population of Australian children aged 5 years and has the potential to negatively impact their growth and development. To address this issue, an Early Childhood Oral Health (ECOH) program, facilitated by Child and Family Health Nurses (CFHNs), commenced in 2007 in New South Wales, Australia. This study builds on the previous evaluation of the program. It aims to explore the perceptions of CFHNs regarding the implementation of the ECOH program in South Western Sydney and the challenges and barriers related to its sustainability...
2016: BMC Oral Health
K A Gray-Burrows, P F Day, Z Marshman, E Aliakbari, S L Prady, R R C McEachan
BACKGROUND: Dental caries in young children is a major public health problem impacting on the child and their family in terms of pain, infection and substantial financial burden on healthcare funders. In the UK, national guidance on the prevention of dental caries advises parents to supervise their child's brushing with fluoride toothpaste until age 7. However, there is a dearth of evidence-based interventions to encourage this practice in parents. The current study used intervention mapping (IM) to develop a home-based parental-supervised toothbrushing intervention to reduce dental caries in young children...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Ana Paula C A Beltrame, Maíra M Rosa, Michele Bolan, Izabel C S Almeida
This case showed an association between caries and anemia in a 3-year-old boy, whose crowns were destroyed by caries. Tests showed a low hematocrit as well as low levels of hemoglobin, ferritin, and serum iron. Impaired growth and delayed neuropsychomotor development were observed. The child was hospitalized for antibiotic administration, blood transfusion, multiple dental extractions, and iron supplementation. He was discharged after 20 days, when anemia and oral infection were resolved.
May 2016: General Dentistry
Marisol Tellez, Mark S Wolff
Fluorides and sealants have been shown to reduce caries in populations, making fluoride interventions a large part of the dental public health effort. Although public health programs have traditionally focused on fluoride vehicles delivering less than 1,000 ppm of fluoride, more recent efforts have shifted toward the use of high fluoride vehicles such as varnishes and prescription toothpastes. In the USA, states are developing innovative strategies to increase access to dental services by using primary care medical providers to deliver early preventive services as part of well-child care visits...
2016: Caries Research
John C Willman, Laura Shackelford, Fabrice Demeter
OBJECTIVES: A detailed assessment of intentional incisor ablation among the Late Upper Paleolithic people of Tam Hang (northern Laos) was undertaken to understand how this cultural practice, in addition to age and sex, influenced an individual's inclusion in the mortuary context. The covariation of ablation status with occlusal variation and anterior dental pathology was addressed to study the implications of this cultural practice on oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sex, age, caries, antemortem tooth loss, and occlusal variation were assessed through standard osteological methods for 12 individuals...
July 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Thomas B Alexander, Rose B McGee, Erica C Kaye, Mary Beth McCarville, John K Choi, Cary P Cavender, Kim E Nichols, John T Sandlund
Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is a cancer predisposition syndrome associated with a high risk of developing early-onset malignancies of the blood, brain, and intestinal tract. We present the case of a patient with T-lymphoblastic lymphoma at the age of 3 years, followed by Burkitt lymphoma 10 years later. This patient also exhibited numerous nonmalignant findings including café au lait spots, lipomas, bilateral renal nodules, a nonossifying fibroma, multiple colonic adenomas, and a rapidly enlarging pilomatrixoma...
August 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that poor oral health during pregnancy can lead to perinatal complications, such as low birth weight and preterm delivery as well as poor oral health in children. Aim of this study was to assess the German midwives knowledge about oral health and preventive recommendations for pregnant women, infants and young children. METHODS: The nationwide online-survey was conducted with use of a self-developed, pretested and validated standardized questionnaire...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cláudia Maria Coêlho Alves, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Ricardo Cavalli, Maria da Conceição Saraiva, Viviane Cunha Cardoso, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
Studies have shown a possible association of oral diseases during pregnancy with preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW). These perinatal outcomes appear to be associated with enamel defects in the primary dentition, which, in turn, seem to predispose to future development of caries in children. Therefore it is relevant to include oral health variables of the mother/child dyad in cohort studies to understand how these factors are associated. The objectives of this study are: 1) check if there is an association between diseases of the oral cavity of pregnant women and PTB, 2) test the hypothesis of association between perinatal outcomes and enamel defects/dental caries in children, 3) examine whether there are associations between perinatal outcomes and disorders of tooth eruption in children; 4) build theoretical models to study social inequities as a common factor between oral conditions and perinatal outcomes...
October 2015: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Bugra Özen, A J P Van Strijp, Levent Özer, Hulya Olmus, Aysegul Genc, Sevi Burcak Cehreli
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated associated factors for developing early childhood caries (ECC) and Severe-ECC (S-ECC) in a group of children aged 24-71 months. Potential positive effects of early dental visit on formation of ECC is investigated as well. STUDY DESIGN: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted at three governmental and university pediatric dentistry clinics in 408 preschool children who were randomly selected from a total of 4116 children...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Bruna Mota de Alencar, Leandro Silva Marques, Luciano José Pereira, Joana Ramos-Jorge
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the body mass index (BMI), food consistency, and oral problems on masticatory performance among preschool children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample composed of 279 children between 3 and 5 years of age allocated to three groups (underweight, ideal weight, and overweight) based on the BMI. Moreover, eating habits, malocclusion, breathing type, masticatory units, and untreated dental caries were investigated...
March 1, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Cynthia Pine, Pauline Adair, Louise Robinson, Girvan Burnside, Paula Moynihan, William Wade, James Kistler, Morag Curnow, Mary Henderson
BACKGROUND: Oral health behaviours such as establishing twice-daily toothbrushing and sugar control intake need parental self-efficacy (PSE) to prevent the development of childhood dental caries. A previous study has shown that behaviour change techniques (BCTs) delivered via a storybook can improve parental self-efficacy to undertake twice-daily toothbrushing. OBJECTIVE: to determine whether an intervention (BBaRTS, Bedtime Brush and Read Together to Sleep), designed to increase PSE; delivered through storybooks with embedded BCTs, parenting skills and oral health messages, can improve child oral health compared to (1) an exactly similar intervention containing no behaviour change techniques, and (2) the BBaRTS intervention supplemented with home supply of fluoride toothpaste and supervised toothbrushing on schooldays...
2016: Trials
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