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Child development AND caries

Donald L Chi, Peter Milgrom, Jane Gillette
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to describe the key lessons learned during the stakeholder engagement stage of planning a randomized clinical trial comparing outcomes of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as an alternative to pit-and-fissure sealants in a school-based delivery system. Methods: Eighteen caregivers and community-based stakeholders with involvement in the school-based sealant program Sealants for Smiles from the state of Montana, were recruited for this qualitative study...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Adriana Gledys Zink, Eder Cassola Molina, Michele Baffi Diniz, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Renata Oliveira Guaré
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an application (app) facilitating patient-professional communication among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare it with the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). METHODS: Forty nine- to 15-year-olds were randomly divided into two groups: G1 (app; <small>N</small> equals 20) and G2 (PECS; <small>N</small> equals 20). Initially, the visual contact timing of the groups was measured...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Lien My Diep, Ane C Westerberg, Per Ole Iversen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a nutrition and hygiene education intervention on oral health behavior and whether early onset of caries was related to child growth in rural Uganda. METHODS: Follow-up study of a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted between October 2013 and January 2015. Data were available from 399 mother/child pairs (203 in the intervention and 198 in the control group) of the original trial (78%) when the children were 36 months. Oral health behavior was evaluated using questionnaires...
January 30, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
M Paisi, E Kay, I Kaimi, R Witton, R Nelder, C Christophi, D Lapthorne
OBJECTIVE: To examine the spatial clustering of obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth, United Kingdom, to evaluate the association between these conditions and deprivation, and explore the impact of neighbourhood-level characteristics on their distribution. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing data from the National Child Measurement Programme (N=2427) and the Local Dental Health Survey (N=1425). The association of deprivation with weight status and caries was determined at individual and area level, using ANOVA and Poisson models...
January 11, 2018: Community Dental Health
M Fontana, G J Eckert, M A Keels, R Jackson, B Katz, B T Levy, S M Levy
Expanded partnership with the medical community is an important strategy for reducing dental caries disparities. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between fluoride (F) "in office" (drops/tablets and/or varnish), as prescribed or applied by a health care professional by age 1 y, and 1) caries development and 2) presence of other caries risk factors or mediators (e.g., socioeconomic status). Child-primary caregiver (PCG) pairs ( N = 1,325) were recruited in Indiana, Iowa, and North Carolina as part of a longitudinal cohort study to validate a caries risk tool for primary health care settings...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
Kyra Hamilton, Stephen Cornish, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVES: With 60-90% of children worldwide reportedly experiencing dental caries, poor oral health in the younger years is a major public health issue. As parents are important to children's oral hygiene practices, we examined the key self-regulatory behaviours of parents for supervising their children's toothbrushing using the health action process approach. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 281, 197 mothers) comprised Australian parents of 2- to 5-year-olds...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hierarchical associations between children's school performance and condition-specific (CS) oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), school absence, oral status, sociodemographic and economic status (SDES) and social capital; and to investigate the associations between CS OHRQoL and related oral status, adjusting for SDES and social capital. METHODS: Data on 925 sixth grade children in Sakaeo province, Thailand, were collected through oral examinations for dental caries and oral hygiene, social capital questionnaires, OHRQoL interviews using the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index, parental self-administered questionnaires and school documents...
January 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Marcos Britto Correa, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to determine the influence of maternal factors on the early development of dental caries in Brazilian preschoolers. This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers. The current wave was performed when the children were aged 24 to 42 months. The questionnaire-based survey targeted adolescent mothers and included demographic and socioeconomic variables as well as the maternal education level. In addition, clinical examinations were performed on the mothers and their children...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Hisham Yehia El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
Objective: This study aims to study the impact of preventive care orientation given to caregivers of child daycare centers on their knowledge and on the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children. Materials and Methods: Caregivers of twenty child daycare centers in Emirate of Sharjah were interviewed and 435 children attending these centers were surveyed for decayed missing filled teeth (dmft). The sample data were analyzed using t-tests and one-way ANOVA to assess the statistical significance of the differences in dmft score found between groups...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Sahar Khadem Nezhad, Ali Taghavi Zenouz, Marzieh Aghazadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
Lactobacillus spp. are one of the first microorganisms involved in the development of dental caries in the first years of life of the child. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effect of alcoholic extract of hypericin against strains of Lactobacillus spp. and determine its related MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration); and cytotoxic effect against gingival fibroblasts. Antimicrobial activity and MIC were evaluated using micro broth dilution method based on CLSI (clinical and laboratory standards institute) protocols...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
A A Arheiam, S R Baker, L Ballo, I Elareibi, S Fakron, R V Harris
BACKGROUND: This study aims to cross-culturally adapt the original English-language COHIP-SF 19 to Arabic culture and to test its psychometric properties in a community sample. METHODS: The Arabic COHIP-SF 19 was developed and its psychometric properties were examined in a population-based sample of 876 schoolchildren who were aged 12 years of age, in Benghazi, Libya. The Arabic COHIP-SF 19 was tested for its internal consistency, reproducibility, construct validity, factorial validity and floor as well as ceiling effects...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
December 1, 2017: Community Dental Health
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Duangporn Duangthip, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant global health problem affecting millions of preschool children worldwide. In general, preschool children from families with 20% of the lowest family incomes suffered about 80% of the ECC. Most, if not all, surveys indicated that the great majority of ECC was left untreated. Untreated caries progresses into the dental pulp, causing pain and infection. It can spread systemically, affecting a child's growth, development and general health. Fundamental caries management is based on the conventional restorative approach...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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