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Child development AND caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132377/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-short-form-cohip-sf-19
#1
A A Arheiam, S R Baker, L Ballo, I Elareibi, S Fakron, R V Harris
BACKGROUND: This study aims to cross-culturally adapt the original English-language COHIP-SF 19 to Arabic culture and to test its psychometric properties in a community sample. METHODS: The Arabic COHIP-SF 19 was developed and its psychometric properties were examined in a population-based sample of 876 schoolchildren who were aged 12 years of age, in Benghazi, Libya. The Arabic COHIP-SF 19 was tested for its internal consistency, reproducibility, construct validity, factorial validity and floor as well as ceiling effects...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#2
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#3
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108651/targeting-couple-and-parent-child-coercion-to-improve-health-behaviors
#4
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#5
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994739/managing-early-childhood-caries-with-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-topical-silver-and-fluoride-agents
#6
REVIEW
Duangporn Duangthip, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant global health problem affecting millions of preschool children worldwide. In general, preschool children from families with 20% of the lowest family incomes suffered about 80% of the ECC. Most, if not all, surveys indicated that the great majority of ECC was left untreated. Untreated caries progresses into the dental pulp, causing pain and infection. It can spread systemically, affecting a child's growth, development and general health. Fundamental caries management is based on the conventional restorative approach...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955704/busting-the-baby-teeth-myth-and-increasing-children-s-consumption-of-tap-water-building-public-will-for-children-s-oral-health-in-colorado
#7
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922571/interprofessional-oral-health-initiative-in-a-nondental-american-indian-setting
#8
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914240/comparison-of-candida-species-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-early-childhood-caries-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#9
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910246/waiting-room-time-an-opportunity-for-parental-oral-health-education
#10
Randa Soussou, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Rosamund Harrison
OBJECTIVES: The UBC Children's Dental Program (CDP) has provided free dental treatments to underserved low-income children, but its preventive component needs to be enhanced. The study aims were: 1) to develop a "waiting-room based" dental education program engaging caregivers of these children, and 2) to assess the program's feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness. METHODS: In preparation, a situational analysis (SA) included structured interviews with caregivers, and with various stakeholders (e...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#11
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
November 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872813/development-and-validation-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-preschool-version
#12
R R Ruff, L Sischo, C H Chinn, H L Broder
OBJECTIVE: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is a validated instrument created to measure the oral health-related quality of life of school-aged children. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a preschool version of the COHIP (COHIP-PS) for children aged 2-5. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: The COHIP-PS was developed and validated using a multi-stage process consisting of item selection, face validity testing, item impact testing, reliability and validity testing, and factor analysis...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832432/elevating-oral-health-interprofessional-practice-among-pediatricians-through-a-statewide-quality-improvement-learning-collaborative
#13
Joni D Nelson, Sharon M Spencer, Christine E Blake, Justin B Moore, Amy B Martin
CONTEXT: Because of persistent effects of early childhood caries and impacts of dental health professional shortages areas, the integration of oral health in primary care settings is a public health priority. In this study, we explored oral health interprofessional practice (OHIP) as an integrative pathway to reduce oral health disparities. OHIP can include performing oral health risk assessments, describing the importance of fluoride in the drinking water, implementing fluoride varnish application, and referring patients to a dental home...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816199/early-childhood-caries-a-review
#14
Abdulfatah Alazmah
AIM: To review and update the current knowledge about early childhood caries (ECC) and its etiology, prevalence, risk factors, management, and preventive strategies. BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a disease affecting significantly both well-developed and industrial nations. The ECC can significantly affect the child's quality of life, as it may lead to infection, swelling, pain, and other symptoms. The ECC affects children after eruption of primary teeth until age of around 5 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667230/efficacy-evaluation-of-an-anti-caries-varnish-protocol-for-a-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Peter Milgrom, Ohnmar Tut, Marilynn Rothen, Lloyd Mancl, Marcelle Gallen, Jason M Tanzer
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries (tooth decay) is a common disease in which the products of sugar metabolism by certain bacteria that populate the tooth surface induce the development and progression of lesions (cavities). This is a phase II single-centre randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel-group trial to assess the efficacy of a combination povidone iodine and sodium fluoride dental varnish to determine if it is superior to a varnish containing only sodium fluoride in the prevention of new caries lesions...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658675/caries-experience-in-children-with-and-without-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-a-case-control-study
#16
Juliana de Aguiar Grossi, Renata Nunes Cabral, Soraya Coelho Leal
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the caries experience of children with and without molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). METHODS: A case-control study was designed in which 130 children aged between 7 and 13 years with MIH (cases) were matched with 130 children without the condition (controls) according to age, sex, and school. Dental caries and MIH were assessed using the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) and European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) criteria, respectively, by three examiners...
June 29, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639687/risk-indicators-of-early-childhood-caries-ecc-in-children-with-high-treatment-needs
#17
Iris Kraljevic, Cornelia Filippi, Andreas Filippi
Early childhood caries (ECC) represents a major health and economic problem worldwide. Its consequences such as early pain experience may affect the immediate and long-term quality of life of the child. In very young and uncooperative children the therapy of ECC is often viable only under general anesthesia. After treatment these affected children have a higher risk for future caries either soon thereafter, or later in life. The aim of the present study was to determine risk indicators and their correlation among children with high caries prevalence and high treatment needs, in order to facilitate the development of targeted prophylaxis programs that would reduce future occurrences of ECC or at least positively influence the outcome...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613154/seal-or-varnish-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-relative-cost-and-effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-and-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-decay
#18
Ivor Gordon Chestnutt, Simon Hutchings, Rebecca Playle, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Nadine Aawar, Lianna Angel, Sharron Derrick, Cheney Drew, Ceri Hoddell, Kerenza Hood, Ioan Humphreys, Nigel Kirby, Tin Man Mandy Lau, Catherine Lisles, Maria Zeta Morgan, Simon Murphy, Jacqueline Nuttall, Kateryna Onishchenko, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Charlotte Scoble, Julia Townson, Beverley Withers, Barbara Lesley Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) have been shown to be effective in preventing dental caries when tested against a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- and 7-year-olds and to determine their acceptability...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#19
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526003/the-basic-research-factors-questionnaire-for-studying-early-childhood-caries
#20
Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Stuart A Gansky, Michelle M Henshaw, Judith C Barker, Angela G Brega, Steven E Gregorich, Brenda Heaton, Terrence S Batliner, Belinda Borrelli, Paul Geltman, Nancy R Kressin, Jane A Weintraub, Tracy L Finlayson, Raul I Garcia
BACKGROUND: We describe development of the Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Basic Research Factors Questionnaire (BRFQ), a battery of measures assessing common potential predictors, mediators, and moderators of ECC. Individual-, family-, and community-level factors that are linked to oral health outcomes across at-risk populations are included. Developing standard measures of factors implicated in ECC has the potential to enhance our ability to understand mechanisms underlying successful prevention and to develop more effective interventions...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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