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Child development AND caries

Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
S G Damle, Renu Yadav, Shalini Garg, Abhishek Dhindsa, Vikas Beniwal, Ashish Loomba, Shailja Chatterjee
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Dental caries is an infectious, transmissible disease. Maternal transfer of mutans streptococci (MS) has been a subject of research. The aim of this study was to evaluate the transmission of MS from mother to children through genetic analysis. METHODS: Thirty mother-child pairs were included and divided into three groups according to the age of the children. Saliva samples were collected and MS colonies from each mother-child pair were isolated...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Shan Jiang, Xiaoli Gao, Lijian Jin, Edward C M Lo
Dental caries (tooth decay) is an infectious disease. Its etiology is not fully understood from the microbiological perspective. This study characterizes the diversity of microbial flora in the saliva of children with and without dental caries. Children (3-4 years old) with caries (n = 20) and without caries (n = 20) were recruited. Unstimulated saliva (2 mL) was collected from each child and the total microbial genomic DNA was extracted. DNA amplicons of the V3-V4 hypervariable region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene were generated and subjected to Illumina Miseq sequencing...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
M de Jong-Lenters
In this doctoral research project the relationship between, on the one hand, parenting and the functioning of families, and, on the other, child dental health were measured on the basis of interviews, questionnaires and observations of parent-child interaction. The groups studied consisted of children with and without caries and a variety of socio-economic backgrounds. The analyses revealed a distinct and significant difference between children with and children without caries with respect to parenting style and parent-child interaction...
November 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Marcelle M Nascimento, Leda Mugayar, Scott L Tomar, Cynthia W Garvan, Frank A Catalanotto, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of early childhood caries and many general dentists' reluctance to treat young children and pregnant women demand new educational programs to foster delivery of oral health services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an Infant Oral Health Program (IOHP) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry on dental students' knowledge about and willingness to provide dental care for infants, children up to three years of age, and pregnant women. A total of 233 dental students in the first through fourth years and recent graduates completed a survey that assessed the educational outcomes of the IOHP; only the fourth-year students had received IOHP training...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Carol A Clark, Kathleen A Kent, Richard D Jackson
Oral health is essential to overall health at any age, although in children it is particularly important because poor oral health can have a deleterious effect on deciduous and permanent dentition. For decades, oral health providers have urged primary care providers to incorporate oral health assessment, risk factor identification, parent education, and preventive therapy into routine well-child visits. Despite recommendations from various professional associations and governmental organizations, the incidence of dental disease in young children remains relatively unchanged...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Mohamed A Hendaus, Hibaq A Jama, Faisal J Siddiqui, Sohair A Elsiddig, Ahmed H Alhammadi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate parental preference for fluoride varnish in a country where the average percentage of dental caries in young children is up to ~73%. Consequently, the aim of this study, despite being a pilot, was to create a nationwide project in the State of Qatar to promote oral health in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional perspective study was conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. Parents of children aged ≤5 years were offered an interview survey...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
P A Braun, D O Quissell, W G Henderson, L L Bryant, S E Gregorich, C George, N Toledo, D Cudeii, V Smith, N Johs, J Cheng, M Rasmussen, N F Cheng, W Santo, T Batliner, A Wilson, A Brega, R Roan, K Lind, T Tiwari, S Shain, G Schaffer, M Harper, S M Manson, J Albino
The authors tested the effectiveness of a community-based, tribally delivered oral health promotion (OHP) intervention (INT) at reducing caries increment in Navajo children attending Head Start. In a 3-y cluster-randomized trial, we developed an OHP INT with Navajo input that was delivered by trained Navajo lay health workers to children attending 52 Navajo Head Start classrooms (26 INT, 26 usual care [UC]). The INT was designed as a highly personalized set of oral health-focused interactions (5 for children and 4 for parents), along with 4 fluoride varnish applications delivered in Head Start during academic years of 2011 to 2012 and 2012 to 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Jean Aishwarya Henry, Murugan Satta Muthu, Ankita Saikia, Balamurugan Asaithambi, Kavitha Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continues to be the most common public health issue in developing countries. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of ECC in 0- to 3-year-old children from rural areas of South India, using the ICDAS. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 1486 children aged 0-3 years in South India. Two calibrated examiners performed the oral examinations using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria...
July 20, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
L Paglia, S Scaglioni, V Torchia, V De Cosmi, M Moretti, G Marzo, M R Giuca
AIM: To evaluate the causes of Early Childhood Caries. METHODS: HASH(0x4c4c740) STUDY DESIGN: A statistical comparison of two groups of patients, aged between 3 and 6, and their parents, in the 3-year period 2013-2015 was performed. Two groups of patients were selected: 40 children with early childhood caries (ECC group) and 40 children with no decay (controls). Parents were asked to fill out a questionnaire on food habits, oral hygiene habits, fluoride prophylaxis and family history of caries...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
G M Davies, J Neville, D Wilcox
UNLABELLED: Dental epidemiological surveys of children often focus on caries levels of five-year-olds as they are accessible and amenable to examination. Standardised surveys of this age group have been successfully carried out in the UK for many years. If improvements to caries level at age five are to be made then it is important to know when caries develops in the preceding years and what the likely causes are. This paper reports on the feasibility, utility and impact of a standardised survey of three-year-old children which took place in England...
June 2016: Community Dental Health
L Gibbs, A M de Silva, B Christian, L Gold, M Gussy, L Moore, H Calache, D Young, E Riggs, M Tadic, R Watt, I Gondal, E Waters
UNLABELLED: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most common, preventable disease of childhood. It can affect children's health and wellbeing and children from migrant families may be at greater risk of developing ECC. OBJECTIVE: To describe ECC in children from migrant families, and explore possible influences. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of caries data collected as baseline data for an oral health promotion study. PARTICIPANTS: The analysis sample included 630 1-4 year-old children clustered within 481 Iraqi, Lebanese and Pakistani families in Melbourne, Australia...
June 2016: Community Dental Health
Karolina Wapniarska, Katarzyna Buła, Aleksandra Hilt
BACKGROUND: Oral hygiene is a crucial part of caring for young children. This problem is frequently marginalized or even ignored by parents/guardians, what affects child's whole further life. OBJECTIVES: The assessment of parents' knowledge concerning oral hygiene and prevention of dental caries in infants and young children. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The test group consisted of parents, as well as men and women currently expecting a child. The study was conducted in a form of a survey, using an original questionnaire, which was carried out in several hospitals in Lodz and online, on a popular local forum for parents...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ekta Singh, Sabyasachi Saha, G V Jagannath, Sanjay Singh, Sonali Saha, Nishita Garg
BACKGROUND: Dermatoglyphics refers to study of the intricate dermal ridge configurations on the skin covering the palmar and plantar surfaces of hand and feet. The basis of considering dermatoglyphic patterns as genetic marker for dental caries is that the epithelium of finger buds as well as enamel has ectodermal origin, and both develop at the same time of intrauterine life. AIM: To assess the relationship between fingerprint patterns and dental caries among preschool children of Lucknow city...
January 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Maxine Veale, Shilpi Ajwani, Maree Johnson, Linda Nash, Tiffany Patterson, Ajesh George
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries affects nearly half the population of Australian children aged 5 years and has the potential to negatively impact their growth and development. To address this issue, an Early Childhood Oral Health (ECOH) program, facilitated by Child and Family Health Nurses (CFHNs), commenced in 2007 in New South Wales, Australia. This study builds on the previous evaluation of the program. It aims to explore the perceptions of CFHNs regarding the implementation of the ECOH program in South Western Sydney and the challenges and barriers related to its sustainability...
2016: BMC Oral Health
K A Gray-Burrows, P F Day, Z Marshman, E Aliakbari, S L Prady, R R C McEachan
BACKGROUND: Dental caries in young children is a major public health problem impacting on the child and their family in terms of pain, infection and substantial financial burden on healthcare funders. In the UK, national guidance on the prevention of dental caries advises parents to supervise their child's brushing with fluoride toothpaste until age 7. However, there is a dearth of evidence-based interventions to encourage this practice in parents. The current study used intervention mapping (IM) to develop a home-based parental-supervised toothbrushing intervention to reduce dental caries in young children...
May 6, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Ana Paula C A Beltrame, Maíra M Rosa, Michele Bolan, Izabel C S Almeida
This case showed an association between caries and anemia in a 3-year-old boy, whose crowns were destroyed by caries. Tests showed a low hematocrit as well as low levels of hemoglobin, ferritin, and serum iron. Impaired growth and delayed neuropsychomotor development were observed. The child was hospitalized for antibiotic administration, blood transfusion, multiple dental extractions, and iron supplementation. He was discharged after 20 days, when anemia and oral infection were resolved.
May 2016: General Dentistry
Marisol Tellez, Mark S Wolff
Fluorides and sealants have been shown to reduce caries in populations, making fluoride interventions a large part of the dental public health effort. Although public health programs have traditionally focused on fluoride vehicles delivering less than 1,000 ppm of fluoride, more recent efforts have shifted toward the use of high fluoride vehicles such as varnishes and prescription toothpastes. In the USA, states are developing innovative strategies to increase access to dental services by using primary care medical providers to deliver early preventive services as part of well-child care visits...
2016: Caries Research
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