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Evidence based dental public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913331/health-effects-and-public-health-concerns-of-energy-drink-consumption-in-the-united-states-a-mini-review
#1
REVIEW
Laila Al-Shaar, Kelsey Vercammen, Chang Lu, Scott Richardson, Martha Tamez, Josiemer Mattei
As energy drink consumption continues to grow worldwide and within the United States, it is important to critically examine the nutritional content and effects on population health of these beverages. This mini-review summarizes the current scientific evidence on health consequences from energy drink consumption, presents relevant public health challenges, and proposes recommendations to mitigate these issues. Emerging evidence has linked energy drink consumption with a number of negative health consequences such as risk-seeking behaviors, poor mental health, adverse cardiovascular effects, and metabolic, renal, or dental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879246/opioid-analgesic-prescribing-practices-of-dental-professionals-in-the-united-states
#2
C N Steinmetz, C Zheng, E Okunseri, A Szabo, C Okunseri
The prescription of opioid analgesics by dental professionals is widespread in the United States. Policy makers, government agencies, and professional organizations consider this phenomenon a growing public health concern. This study examined trends in the prescription of opioid analgesics for adults by dental professionals and associated factors in the United States. Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (1996-2013) were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated separately for each year. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the overall trend during the period with and without adjusting for dental procedures and personal characteristics...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759120/pit-and-fissure-sealants-for-preventing-dental-decay-in-permanent-teeth
#3
REVIEW
Anneli Ahovuo-Saloranta, Helena Forss, Tanya Walsh, Anne Nordblad, Marjukka Mäkelä, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. Evidence suggests that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents compared to no sealants. Effectiveness may, however, be related to caries incidence level of the population. This is an update of a review published in 2004, 2008 and 2013...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734650/treatment-of-cracked-teeth
#4
Shaymaa Alkhalifah, Halimah Alkandari, Prem N Sharma, Alex J Moule
Although many options are proposed for the treatment of cracked posterior teeth, most treatment decisions are not evidence based. Thus, considerable individual variation can occur regarding treatment recommendations for the same scenario. To our knowledge, there are no studies in the literature assessing practitioners' attitudes toward the treatment of cracked teeth. This research recorded variations between general practitioners and specialist groups regarding the treatment approaches of cracked teeth. In a cross-sectional structured questionnaire survey, 32 prosthodontists, 34 endodontists, and 29 general practitioners working in public and private dental health services in Kuwait were assessed regarding their treatment approach to 5 different clinical cracked tooth scenarios...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#5
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#6
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585690/satisfying-america-s-fruit-gap-summary-of-an-expert-roundtable-on-the-role-of-100-fruit-juice
#7
REVIEW
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Mario G Ferruzzi, Victor L Fulgoni, Robert Murray, Elizabeth Pivonka, Taylor C Wallace
The 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) recognize the role of 100% fruit juice in health and in helping people meet daily fruit recommendations and state that 100% fruit juice is a nutrient-dense beverage that should be a primary choice, along with water and low-fat/fat-free milk. The DGAs note that children are consuming 100% fruit juice within recommendations (that is, 120 to 180 mL/d for children aged 1 to 6 y and 236 to 355 mL/d for children aged 7 to 18 y). Evidence shows that compared to nonconsumers, those who consume 100% fruit juice come closer to meeting daily fruit needs and have better diet quality...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579384/managing-molars-with-severe-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-within-german-healthcare
#8
Karim Elhennawy, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, David John Manton, Sebastian Paris, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Dentists have a range of options for managing molars with severe molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), each with different long-term implications. The cost-effectiveness of managing molars with severe MIH was assessed. METHODS: A mixed public-private-payer perspective within German healthcare was adopted. Individuals with one to four severely MIH-affected molars were followed over their lifetime. We compared: (1) removal of the tooth/teeth and orthodontic alignment of the second and third molars (Ex/Ortho); (2) restoration of the tooth using resin composite (Comp); (3) restoration using an indirect metal crown after temporizing it using a preformed metal crown (PMC/IR)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577640/parent-refusal-of-topical-fluoride-for-their-children-clinical-strategies-and-future-research-priorities-to-improve-evidence-based-pediatric-dental-practice
#9
REVIEW
Donald L Chi
A growing number of parents are refusing topical fluoride for their children during preventive dental and medical visits. This nascent clinical and public health problem warrants attention from dental professionals and the scientific community. Clinical and community-based strategies are available to improve fluoride-related communications with parents and the public. In terms of future research priorities, there is a need to develop screening tools to identify parents who are likely to refuse topical fluoride and diagnostic instruments to uncover the reasons for topical fluoride refusal...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577635/intergenerational-and-social-interventions-to-improve-children-s-oral-health
#10
REVIEW
Mary E Northridge, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Carol Kunzel
Dental caries and gingival and periodontal diseases are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions in children. These diseases are more common in disadvantaged communities and marginalized populations. Thus, public health approaches that stress prevention are key to improving oral health equity. There is currently limited evidence on which community-based, population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in promoting children's oral health. More rigorous measurement and reporting of study findings are needed to improve the quality of available evidence...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#11
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501067/in-defense-of-flossing-can-we-agree-it-s-premature-to-claim-flossing-is-ineffective-to-prevent-dental-caries
#12
EDITORIAL
Lance T Vernon, Jason D Seacat
Current evidence pertaining to the effectiveness of flossing and caries prevention is potentially being misinterpreted by health oversight bodies, which may have significant implications for current and future public flossing guidelines. We identify and discuss several methodological deficiencies, including the lack of validated measures of flossing skill, over-reliance on self-reported flossing behavior, and the lack of current guidelines on how to interpret and apply evidence-based findings to specific clinical scenarios that are present in the studies of flossing effectiveness included in the Cochrane Review...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447021/clinical-trials-in-dentistry-in-india-analysis-from-trial-registry
#13
S Gowri, Sridharan Kannan
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based practice requires clinical trials to be performed. In India, if any clinical trial has to be performed, it has to be registered with clinical trial registry of India. Studies have shown that the report of clinical trials is poor in dentistry. Hence, the present study has been conducted to assess the type and trends of clinical trials being undertaken in dentistry in India over a span of 6 years. METHODOLOGY: All the clinical trials which were registered with the Central Trial Registry of India (CTRI) (www...
April 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373288/status-update-on-translation-of-integrated-primary-dental-medical-care-delivery-for-management-of-diabetic-patients
#14
Ingrid Glurich, Gregory Nycz, Amit Acharya
Escalating prevalence of both diabetes and periodontal disease, two diseases associated with bidirectional exacerbation, has been reported. Periodontal disease represents a modifiable risk factor that may reduce diabetes onset or progression, and integrated models of cross-disciplinary care are needed to establish and manage glycemic control in affected patients. An ad-hoc environmental scan of current literature and media sought to characterize factors impacting status of integrated care models based on review of the existing evidence base in literature and media surrounding: 1) current cross-disciplinary practice patterns, 2) epidemiological updates, 3) status on risk assessment and screening for dysglycemia in the dental setting, 4) status on implementation of quality metrics for oral health, 5) care model pilots, and 6) public health perspectives...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#15
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317573/immunizations-an-evolving-paradigm-for-oral-health-care-providers
#16
REVIEW
Leslie R Halpern, Charles Mouton
Oral health care professionals are at risk for the transmission of bacterial and viral microorganisms. Providers need to be knowledgeable about the exposure/transmission of life-threatening infections and options for prevention. This article is designed to increase the oral health care provider's awareness of the latest assessment of vaccine-preventable diseases that pose a high risk in the dental health care setting. Specific dosing strategies are suggested for the prevention of infections based on available evidence and epidemiologic changes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289473/assessment-of-the-association-between-dentate-status-and-self-rated-general-health
#17
Martin Ranfl, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
OBJECTIVE: Aiming at preparing the basis for evidence-based dental public health policy making in Slovenia, the objective of the study was to assess the strength of association between oral health status measured by the number of missing teeth and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: The study was designed as a pooled individual-level data study from four national cross-sectional studies carried out in the period 2001-2012, based on CINDI Health Monitor methodology...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266112/dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-the-ageing-population-call-to-action-to-protect-and-enhance-oral-health-and-well-being-as-an-essential-component-of-healthy-ageing-consensus-report-of-group-4-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between
#18
Maurizio S Tonetti, Peter Bottenberg, Georg Conrads, Peter Eickholz, Peter Heasman, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Rodrigo López, Phoebus Madianos, Frauke Müller, Ian Needleman, Bente Nyvad, Philip M Preshaw, Iain Pretty, Stefan Renvert, Falk Schwendicke, Leonardo Trombelli, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Nicola West, Alix Young, Sebastian Paris
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, progress in prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases has been translated to better oral health and improved tooth retention in the adult population. The ageing population and the increasing expectations of good oral health-related quality of life in older age pose formidable challenges to clinical care and healthcare systems. AIMS: The objective of this workshop was to critically review scientific evidence and develop specific recommendations to: (i) prevent tooth loss and retain oral function through prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases later in life and (ii) increase awareness of the health benefits of oral health as an essential component of healthy ageing...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992898/the-scientific-basis-of-guideline-recommendations-on-sugar-intake-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer Erickson, Behnam Sadeghirad, Lyubov Lytvyn, Joanne Slavin, Bradley C Johnston
Background: The relationship between sugar and health is affected by energy balance, macronutrient substitutions, and diet and lifestyle patterns. Several authoritative organizations have issued public health guidelines addressing dietary sugars. Purpose: To systematically review guidelines on sugar intake and assess consistency of recommendations, methodological quality of guidelines, and the quality of evidence supporting each recommendation. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science (1995 to September 2016); guideline registries; and gray literature (bibliographies, Google, and experts)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990677/a-survey-of-dental-public-health-specialists-on-current-dental-public-health-competencies
#20
Ana Karina Mascarenhas, Donald Altman
In preparation to update the Dental Public Health specialty competencies, the Expert Panel determined that a needs assessment be conducted. A nine item open and close ended survey developed by the Expert Panel was used to collect data on the Diplomates current work environment, the utility of the current set of Dental Public Health competencies, and to identify any gaps in the current competencies. In 2015, the survey was administered to all active Diplomates of the American Board of Dental Public Health. One hundred and nine Diplomates responded...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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