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Evidence based dental public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318741/the-role-of-ergonomic-saddle-seats-and-magnification-loupes-in-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
A Plessas, M Bernardes Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal disorders affect a high percentage of dentists, dental hygienists and therapists. Static and awkward working postures are considered as major risk factors. Proper seat selection and use of magnification loupes are promoted for their ergonomic benefits. The aim of this review was to evaluate the existing empirical evidence on the effect of the above interventions on (i) correction of poor posture and (ii) reduction in musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261853/metal-free-materials-for-fixed-prosthodontic-restorations
#2
REVIEW
Carlo E Poggio, Carlo Ercoli, Lorena Rispoli, Carlo Maiorana, Marco Esposito
BACKGROUND: Fixed prosthodontic treatment (crowns, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), complete arch prostheses) involves the use of several different materials to replace missing tooth structure. Traditionally full metal or metal frameworks veneered with ceramic (metal-ceramic (MC)) have been used. In recent years several different metal-free systems have become available to clinicians and patients. In general, metal-free restorations should allow practitioners to better reproduce natural tooth colour, avoiding shortcomings of MC restorations...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235237/community-based-preventive-activities-in-the-public-dental-service-in-norway
#3
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, L Stein, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe community-based preventive interventions undertaken by the dental team outside the dental clinics in Norway, from the dental hygienists' and the dentists' perspective, with the main focus on target groups and existing guidelines and routines for these activities. A secondary aim was to identify the personnel responsible for developing the local guidelines and the knowledge sources for the guidelines. METHODS: With the assistance of the Chief Dental Officers in 15 Public Dental Service (PDS) regions, questionnaires were emailed to the local clinics (n = 421)...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197431/measuring-adherence-to-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines
#4
Richard Clark, Utsana Tonmukayakul, Yvonne Mangan, Michael Smith, Mark Gussy, David Manton, Denise Bailey, Hanny Calache
OBJECTIVES: Dental Health Services Victoria publishes evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to assist public oral health practitioners to provide high-quality dental care. How well these CPGs are implemented into practice is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess adherence to selected CPGs. METHODS: An electronic auditing tool was developed using clinical indicators derived for "stainless steel crown (SSC)," "restorative care for children under general anesthetic (GA)," and "direct restorative materials" CPG...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118149/perceptions-related-to-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-among-california-college-students
#5
Shiva Abadi, Elizabeth T Couch, Benjamin W Chaffee, Margaret M Walsh
Purpose: To assess electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, factors associated with use, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals in a sample of college students attending a public university in northern California, using a web-based survey.Methods: In this quantitative cross-sectional study, survey items assessed e-cigarette use, perceived risks and benefits, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals and were pilot tested for feasibility and acceptability...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077195/developing-a-caries-risk-registry-to-support-caries-risk-assessment-and-management-for-children-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#6
Jesley C Ruff, Jill Boylston Herndon, Roger A Horton, Julie Lynch, Dawn C Mathwig, Audra Leonard, Krishna Aravamudhan
OBJECTIVES: Health registries are commonly used in medicine to support public health activities and are increasingly used in quality improvement (QI) initiatives. Illustrations of dental registries and their QI applications are lacking. Within dentistry, caries risk assessment implementation and documentation are vital to optimal patient care. The purpose of this article is to describe the processes used to develop a caries risk assessment registry as a QI initiative to support clinical caries risk assessment, caries prevention, and disease management for children...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992601/tooth-damage-in-captive-orcas-orcinus-orca
#7
John Jett, Ingrid N Visser, Jeffrey Ventre, Jordan Waltz, Carolina Loch
OBJECTIVES: Tooth damage as a result of oral stereotypies is evident in captive orca, yet little research on the topic exists. This study examines the associations between dental pathology, sex, facility, duration of captivity and other factors in captive orca. DESIGN: We evaluated mandibular and maxillary teeth from dental images of 29 captive orca owned by a US-based theme park. Each tooth was scored for coronal wear, wear at or below gum line and bore holes. Fractured and missing teeth were also noted...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936152/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-among-public-school-students-aged-16-l8-in-hai-l-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#8
Mohammad Aljanakh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among school students aged 16-18 in Ha'il urban city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly selected 480 students from eight secondary schools in Ha'il urban city from September to October 2015. Three calibrated examiners used the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), based on the World Health Organization criteria, to examine the students...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913331/health-effects-and-public-health-concerns-of-energy-drink-consumption-in-the-united-states-a-mini-review
#9
REVIEW
Laila Al-Shaar, Kelsey Vercammen, Chang Lu, Scott Richardson, Martha Tamez, Josiemer Mattei
As energy drink consumption continues to grow worldwide and within the United States, it is important to critically examine the nutritional content and effects on population health of these beverages. This mini-review summarizes the current scientific evidence on health consequences from energy drink consumption, presents relevant public health challenges, and proposes recommendations to mitigate these issues. Emerging evidence has linked energy drink consumption with a number of negative health consequences such as risk-seeking behaviors, poor mental health, adverse cardiovascular effects, and metabolic, renal, or dental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879246/opioid-analgesic-prescribing-practices-of-dental-professionals-in-the-united-states
#10
C N Steinmetz, C Zheng, E Okunseri, A Szabo, C Okunseri
The prescription of opioid analgesics by dental professionals is widespread in the United States. Policy makers, government agencies, and professional organizations consider this phenomenon a growing public health concern. This study examined trends in the prescription of opioid analgesics for adults by dental professionals and associated factors in the United States. Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (1996-2013) were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated separately for each year. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the overall trend during the period with and without adjusting for dental procedures and personal characteristics...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759120/pit-and-fissure-sealants-for-preventing-dental-decay-in-permanent-teeth
#11
REVIEW
Anneli Ahovuo-Saloranta, Helena Forss, Tanya Walsh, Anne Nordblad, Marjukka Mäkelä, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. Evidence suggests that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents compared to no sealants. Effectiveness may, however, be related to caries incidence level of the population. This is an update of a review published in 2004, 2008 and 2013...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734650/treatment-of-cracked-teeth
#12
Shaymaa Alkhalifah, Halimah Alkandari, Prem N Sharma, Alex J Moule
Although many options are proposed for the treatment of cracked posterior teeth, most treatment decisions are not evidence based. Thus, considerable individual variation can occur regarding treatment recommendations for the same scenario. To our knowledge, there are no studies in the literature assessing practitioners' attitudes toward the treatment of cracked teeth. This research recorded variations between general practitioners and specialist groups regarding the treatment approaches of cracked teeth. In a cross-sectional structured questionnaire survey, 32 prosthodontists, 34 endodontists, and 29 general practitioners working in public and private dental health services in Kuwait were assessed regarding their treatment approach to 5 different clinical cracked tooth scenarios...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#13
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#14
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585690/satisfying-america-s-fruit-gap-summary-of-an-expert-roundtable-on-the-role-of-100-fruit-juice
#15
REVIEW
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Mario G Ferruzzi, Victor L Fulgoni, Robert Murray, Elizabeth Pivonka, Taylor C Wallace
The 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) recognize the role of 100% fruit juice in health and in helping people meet daily fruit recommendations and state that 100% fruit juice is a nutrient-dense beverage that should be a primary choice, along with water and low-fat/fat-free milk. The DGAs note that children are consuming 100% fruit juice within recommendations (that is, 120 to 180 mL/d for children aged 1 to 6 y and 236 to 355 mL/d for children aged 7 to 18 y). Evidence shows that compared to nonconsumers, those who consume 100% fruit juice come closer to meeting daily fruit needs and have better diet quality...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579384/managing-molars-with-severe-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-within-german-healthcare
#16
Karim Elhennawy, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, David John Manton, Sebastian Paris, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Dentists have a range of options for managing molars with severe molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), each with different long-term implications. The cost-effectiveness of managing molars with severe MIH was assessed. METHODS: A mixed public-private-payer perspective within German healthcare was adopted. Individuals with one to four severely MIH-affected molars were followed over their lifetime. We compared: (1) removal of the tooth/teeth and orthodontic alignment of the second and third molars (Ex/Ortho); (2) restoration of the tooth using resin composite (Comp); (3) restoration using an indirect metal crown after temporizing it using a preformed metal crown (PMC/IR)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577640/parent-refusal-of-topical-fluoride-for-their-children-clinical-strategies-and-future-research-priorities-to-improve-evidence-based-pediatric-dental-practice
#17
REVIEW
Donald L Chi
A growing number of parents are refusing topical fluoride for their children during preventive dental and medical visits. This nascent clinical and public health problem warrants attention from dental professionals and the scientific community. Clinical and community-based strategies are available to improve fluoride-related communications with parents and the public. In terms of future research priorities, there is a need to develop screening tools to identify parents who are likely to refuse topical fluoride and diagnostic instruments to uncover the reasons for topical fluoride refusal...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577635/intergenerational-and-social-interventions-to-improve-children-s-oral-health
#18
REVIEW
Mary E Northridge, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Carol Kunzel
Dental caries and gingival and periodontal diseases are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions in children. These diseases are more common in disadvantaged communities and marginalized populations. Thus, public health approaches that stress prevention are key to improving oral health equity. There is currently limited evidence on which community-based, population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in promoting children's oral health. More rigorous measurement and reporting of study findings are needed to improve the quality of available evidence...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#19
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501067/in-defense-of-flossing-can-we-agree-it-s-premature-to-claim-flossing-is-ineffective-to-prevent-dental-caries
#20
EDITORIAL
Lance T Vernon, Jason D Seacat
Current evidence pertaining to the effectiveness of flossing and caries prevention is potentially being misinterpreted by health oversight bodies, which may have significant implications for current and future public flossing guidelines. We identify and discuss several methodological deficiencies, including the lack of validated measures of flossing skill, over-reliance on self-reported flossing behavior, and the lack of current guidelines on how to interpret and apply evidence-based findings to specific clinical scenarios that are present in the studies of flossing effectiveness included in the Cochrane Review...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
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