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Evidence based dental public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#1
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317573/immunizations-an-evolving-paradigm-for-oral-health-care-providers
#2
REVIEW
Leslie R Halpern, Charles Mouton
Oral health care professionals are at risk for the transmission of bacterial and viral microorganisms. Providers need to be knowledgeable about the exposure/transmission of life-threatening infections and options for prevention. This article is designed to increase the oral health care provider's awareness of the latest assessment of vaccine-preventable diseases that pose a high risk in the dental health care setting. Specific dosing strategies are suggested for the prevention of infections based on available evidence and epidemiologic changes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289473/assessment-of-the-association-between-dentate-status-and-self-rated-general-health
#3
Martin Ranfl, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
OBJECTIVE: Aiming at preparing the basis for evidence-based dental public health policy making in Slovenia, the objective of the study was to assess the strength of association between oral health status measured by the number of missing teeth and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: The study was designed as a pooled individual-level data study from four national cross-sectional studies carried out in the period 2001-2012, based on CINDI Health Monitor methodology...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266112/dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-the-ageing-population-call-to-action-to-protect-and-enhance-oral-health-and-well-being-as-an-essential-component-of-healthy-ageing-consensus-report-of-group-4-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between
#4
Maurizio S Tonetti, Peter Bottenberg, Georg Conrads, Peter Eickholz, Peter Heasman, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Rodrigo López, Phoebus Madianos, Frauke Müller, Ian Needleman, Bente Nyvad, Philip M Preshaw, Iain Pretty, Stefan Renvert, Falk Schwendicke, Leonardo Trombelli, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Nicola West, Alix Young, Sebastian Paris
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, progress in prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases has been translated to better oral health and improved tooth retention in the adult population. The ageing population and the increasing expectations of good oral health-related quality of life in older age pose formidable challenges to clinical care and healthcare systems. AIMS: The objective of this workshop was to critically review scientific evidence and develop specific recommendations to: (i) prevent tooth loss and retain oral function through prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases later in life and (ii) increase awareness of the health benefits of oral health as an essential component of healthy ageing...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992898/the-scientific-basis-of-guideline-recommendations-on-sugar-intake-a-systematic-review
#5
Jennifer Erickson, Behnam Sadeghirad, Lyubov Lytvyn, Joanne Slavin, Bradley C Johnston
Background: The relationship between sugar and health is affected by energy balance, macronutrient substitutions, and diet and lifestyle patterns. Several authoritative organizations have issued public health guidelines addressing dietary sugars. Purpose: To systematically review guidelines on sugar intake and assess consistency of recommendations, methodological quality of guidelines, and the quality of evidence supporting each recommendation. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science (1995 to September 2016); guideline registries; and gray literature (bibliographies, Google, and experts)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990677/a-survey-of-dental-public-health-specialists-on-current-dental-public-health-competencies
#6
Ana Karina Mascarenhas, Donald Altman
In preparation to update the Dental Public Health specialty competencies, the Expert Panel determined that a needs assessment be conducted. A nine item open and close ended survey developed by the Expert Panel was used to collect data on the Diplomates current work environment, the utility of the current set of Dental Public Health competencies, and to identify any gaps in the current competencies. In 2015, the survey was administered to all active Diplomates of the American Board of Dental Public Health. One hundred and nine Diplomates responded...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798039/integration-of-oral-health-into-primary-care-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Elham Emami, Hermina Harnagea, Felix Girard, Anne Charbonneau, René Voyer, Christophe Pierre Bedos, Martin Chartier, John Wootton, Yves Couturier
INTRODUCTION: Integrated care has been introduced as a means of improving health outcomes and access to care, and reducing the cost of healthcare. Despite its importance, the integration of oral health into primary care is still an emerging healthcare pathway. This scoping review protocol has been developed and funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research to provide an evidence-based synthesis on a primary oral healthcare approach and its effectiveness in improving oral health outcomes...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780315/dental-cavity-liners-for-class-i-and-class-ii-resin-based-composite-restorations
#8
REVIEW
Andrew B Schenkel, Ivy Peltz, Analia Veitz-Keenan
BACKGROUND: Resin-based composite (RBC) is currently accepted as a viable material for the restoration of caries for posterior permanent teeth requiring surgical treatment. Despite the fact that the thermal conductivity of the RBC restorative material closely approximates that of natural tooth structure, postoperative hypersensitivity is sometimes still an issue. Dental cavity liners have historically been used to protect the pulp from the toxic effects of some dental restorative materials and to prevent the pain of thermal conductivity by placing an insulating layer between restorative material and the remaining tooth structure...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767108/a-systematic-appraisal-of-the-evidence-based-dentistry-journal
#9
REVIEW
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666123/lasers-for-caries-removal-in-deciduous-and-permanent-teeth
#10
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Potito Giuseppe D'Errico, Stefano Pagano, Guido Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable improvements in oral health, dental caries continue to be a public health issue. The most frequently used, and universally accepted technique, to remove caries is through mechanical ablation of decayed tissues by means of rotating drills (diamond or tungsten carbide, or both). In the past few decades, the introduction of adhesive filling materials (resin composites) has affected cavity filling procedures by reducing its retention needs, with advantages for dental tissue conservation...
September 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606629/oral-health-education-advice-and-training-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
REVIEW
Mariam A Khokhar, Waqqas Ahmad Khokhar, Andrew V Clifton, Graeme E Tosh
BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness not only experience an erosion of functioning in day-to-day life over a protracted period of time, but evidence also suggests that they have a greater risk of experiencing oral disease and greater oral treatment needs than the general population. Poor oral hygiene has been linked to coronary heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease and impacts on quality of life, affecting everyday functioning such as eating, comfort, appearance, social acceptance, and self esteem...
September 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598416/factors-influencing-removable-partial-denture-patient-reported-outcomes-of-quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Ingeborg J De Kok, Lyndon F Cooper, Albert D Guckes, Kathleen McGraw, Robert F Wright, Carlos J Barrero, Sun-Yung Bak, Lisa O Stoner
PURPOSE: A systematic search of the literature was performed to identify and characterize articles reporting the influence of removable partial denture (RPD) therapy on satisfaction and quality of life (QoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature search for relevant articles published between January 1983 and March 30, 2013 was conducted using keyword searches of electronic databases and complimentary hand searches. The search strategy included the following keyword combinations (MeSH and free-text terms): fail, complication, surviv*, longevity, outcome, patient satisfaction or QoL, and denture or prosthes*, and partial and removable...
January 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548663/fluoridation-exposure-status-based-on-location-of-data-collection-in-the-canadian-health-measures-survey-is-it-valid
#13
Lindsay McLaren
BACKGROUND: Statistics Canada's population health surveys may be an important source of up-to-date evidence on fluoridation and population oral health. The objective of this study was to examine the validity of a geographic measure of fluoridation from a national survey (based on site of data collection), by comparing it with estimates of fluoride level from urine samples. METHODS: The data source is the environmental urine subsample (n=2563) from Cycle 2 (2009-2011) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey...
August 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472005/fluoride-mouthrinses-for-preventing-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Valeria C C Marinho, Lee Yee Chong, Helen V Worthington, Tanya Walsh
BACKGROUND: Fluoride mouthrinses have been used extensively as a caries-preventive intervention in school-based programmes and by individuals at home. This is an update of the Cochrane review of fluoride mouthrinses for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents that was first published in 2003. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine the effectiveness and safety of fluoride mouthrinses in preventing dental caries in the child and adolescent population...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449835/clinical-trials-in-dentistry-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-world-health-organization-international-clinical-trial-registry-platform
#15
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials are the back bone for evidence-based practice (EBP) and recently EBP has been considered the best source of treatment strategies available. Clinical trial registries serve as databases of clinical trials. As regards to dentistry in specific data on the number of clinical trials and their quality is lacking. Hence, the present study was envisaged. METHOD: Clinical trials registered in WHO-ICTRP (http://apps.who.int/trialsearch/AdvSearch...
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374375/the-foundation-in-evidence-of-medical-and-dental-telephone-consultations
#16
Martina Albrecht, Florian Isenbeck, Jüürgen Kasper, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Anke Steckelberg
BACKGROUND: Patients can only make well-informed decisions if the information they are given by health professionals is based on scientific evidence. In this study, we assessed the foundation in evidence of free, publicly available telephone consultations in Germany. METHODS: From March 2013 to January 2014, four hidden clients seeking information asked standardized questions about three medical topics (screening for colorectal cancer, for glaucoma, and for trisomy 21) and three dental ones (the sealing of dental fissures, professional dental cleaning, and mercury detoxification)...
June 6, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353080/breast-feeding-and-malocclusions-the-quality-and-level-of-evidence-on-the-internet-for-the-public
#17
Esma J Doğramacı, Marco Aurelio Peres, Karen Glazer Peres
BACKGROUND: The authors sought to assess the quality of information on the Internet for laypeople regarding the effect of breast-feeding on malocclusions and to determine the levels of evidence of the articles cited to support the information. METHODS: The first author (E.J.D.) entered a key word term, "breast-feeding and crooked teeth," and a natural language term, "does breast-feeding protect against crooked teeth," into 4 search engines. The author performed consecutive sampling of every Web site until 5 Web sites were identified that fulfilled the inclusion criteria per search engine, per search term, producing 40 Web sites for evaluation...
October 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352462/fluoride-and-oral-health
#18
D M O'Mullane, R J Baez, S Jones, M A Lennon, P E Petersen, A J Rugg-Gunn, H Whelton, G M Whitford
The discovery during the first half of the 20th century of the link between natural fluoride, adjusted fluoride levels in drinking water and reduced dental caries prevalence proved to be a stimulus for worldwide on-going research into the role of fluoride in improving oral health. Epidemiological studies of fluoridation programmes have confirmed their safety and their effectiveness in controlling dental caries. Major advances in our knowledge of how fluoride impacts the caries process have led to the development, assessment of effectiveness and promotion of other fluoride vehicles including salt, milk, tablets, toothpaste, gels and varnishes...
June 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279058/-non-communicable-disease-and-their-significance-for-dental-medicine
#19
Jens Christoph Türp, Heinz Spranger
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancers, and diabetes mellitus, are responsible for most deaths worldwide. In view of the rising prevalence and the long-term consequences of NCDs, their prevention is a public health priority. Dentistry plays an important role in this endeavor. Since oral and general diseases share common risk factors (e.g., poor oral hygiene, unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, tobacco consumption, distress), preventive measures may target both oral diseases (e...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274790/nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-dental-settings-an-exploratory-survey-in-bangalore-city-india
#20
Gaurav Sharma, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya
BACKGROUND: Smoking and other forms of tobacco use remain the most significant worldwide public health problem. The dental practice is being identified as potential location for smoking cessation activity. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) promotes the chances of tobacco cessation, however, evidence related to prescription of the NRT in dental settings is lacking. This study aimed to assess and compare the attitudes, practices, beliefs, and barriers in prescribing NRT for tobacco cessation among dental interns and post-graduates (PGs)...
2016: Addiction & Health
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