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F Zhou, B Xia, S Zhang, W L Ma, Y M Xiao, L H Ge
Objective: To compare the long-term dental treatment effects, oral health habits and oral-health-related qualities of life of children treated under general anesthesia (GA) and passive restraint (PR), respectively. Methods: Twenty seven 2 to 4-year-old children treated under GA and thirty four children treated under PR were recruited in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Up to 2 years after the treatment, a follow up assessment was conducted. The data of general information, dental plaque level and the unplanned treatments were recorded and analyzed...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Deema J Farsi, Najat M Farsi
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the adverse effects of oral health problems on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is essential to ensure the well-being of children. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) is an instrument that was designed to assess caregivers' perceptions of OHRQoL in preschool children. Although it has been translated into many languages, it has yet to be validated in Arabic. Therefore, this study aimed to translate this questionnaire to Arabic (A-ECOHIS) and test its psychometric properties...
February 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Tássia Silvana Borges, Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Carlos Alberto Feldens
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested that traumatic dental injuries (TDI) can lead to pain, loss of function and esthetic problems, with physical, emotional and social consequences for children and their families. However, population-based studies that investigate the impact of TDI on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children are scarce and offer conflicting results. The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of TDI on OHRQoL among preschool children (PROSPERO-CRD42015032513)...
2017: PloS One
J Ramos-Jorge, A C Sá-Pinto, I Almeida Pordeus, S Martins Paiva, C Castro Martins, M L Ramos-Jorge
AIM: To determine the effect of different types of dental trauma on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among pre-school children. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-nine Brazilian pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years were submitted to an oral examination in the school environment for the evaluation of dental trauma using the criteria proposed by Andreasen et al. (2007). Parents answered a questionnaire on the OHRQoL of the children using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and another one on socio-demographic characteristics of the children and their families...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Lanlan Li, Hongwei Wang, Xueping Han
Our goal was to evaluate how dental treatments under general anesthesia (GA) affect the quality of life by a prospective pair-matched design. Pediatric patients, who had received dental treatments under GA, were enrolled and were asked to complete the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) before the treatment and 1 month after the treatment. To shield the observed impacts, a pair-matched control group was performed. Patients in the control group were also required to complete the ECOHIS at these different points in time...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Siyamak Nemati, Maryam Ghasempour, Sorayya Khafri
INTRODUCTION: Oral and dental health is one of the most important factors that affect the quality of life of preschool children. This study determined the effect of oral and dental health of preschoolers on their quality of life and that of their parents. METHODS: This descriptive-cross sectional study asked 304 mothers of children aged 2-5 years from Babol, Iran, to complete an Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire. Higher raw scores for ECOHIS indicate more oral problems and lower quality of life as related to oral health...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
Fernanda Ruffo Ortiz, Mariana Dantas Dos Santos, Tatiana Landenberger, Bruno Emmanuelli, Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
The aim of this study was to compare the administration of the Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire, applied by face-to-face and telephone format. A randomized sample of 76 parents/guardians of children up to 6 years old was selected in a Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil. Patients were randomly selected for 2 different groups, according to administration sequence: F-T (Face-to-face-Telephone) and T-F (Telephone-Face-to-face)...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Ramon Targino Firmino, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anmol Mathur, C L Dileep, Manu Batra, Diljot Kaur Makkar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of oral health outcomes on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among intellectual disabled children and their families. METHODOLOGY: OHRQoL based study was conducted among 150 intellectual disabled children students in the North West part of the country, Rajasthan, India. Guardians were asked to complete questionnaire on socioeconomic status and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) on their perception of the children's OHRQoL...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Nancy Birungi, Lars Thore Fadnes, Victoria Nankabirwa, James Kashugyera Tumwine, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study is to examine the association between caretakers' caries experience and caries experience of their children. Second, to investigate whether children's and caretaker's caries experience is associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. METHODS: This study is based on the prenatal recruitment interviews and the 5-year follow-up of 417 caretaker-children pairs from the Ugandan site of the PROMISE-EBF trial conducted in Mbale, Eastern Uganda...
August 30, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Solange Aparecida Modesto Weckwerth, Giovana Maria Weckwerth, Bunna Mota Ferrairo, Gabriela Moura Chicrala, Alexandre Macedo Natitucci Ambrosio, Guilherme Hideki Lima Toyoshima, José Roberto Magalhães Bastos, Edu Cassiano Pinto, Sofia Rafaela Maito Velasco, Roosevelt Silva Bastos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the parents' perception of dental caries in children with intellectual disability. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 6 to 14 years old schoolchildren: Group 1 (50 children diagnosed with intellectual disabilities) and Group 2 (50 children without it). The dental caries was assessed by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for primary and permanent teeth. Parents' psychosocial perception was assessed by Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Susan Wong, Robert P Anthonappa, Manikandan Ekambaram, Colman McGrath, Nigel M King, John C Winters
OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 221 preschool children who presented to the emergency department with the consequences of untreated dental caries requiring dental extractions under general anaesthesia (DEGA). METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-one healthy preschool children, who required emergency DEGA, were recruited over a period of 12 months. The same parent or caregiver completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire; both, prior to the DEGA and at the 2-week post-treatment visit...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Catherine D Born, Kimon Divaris, Leslie P Zeldin, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVE: This study examined young, preschool children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among a community-based cohort of English and Spanish-speaking parent-child dyads in North Carolina, and sought to quantify the association of parent/caregiver characteristics, including spoken language, with OHRQoL impacts. METHODS: Data from structured interviews with 1,111 parents of children aged 6-23 months enrolled in the Zero-Out Early Childhood Caries study in 2010-2012 were used...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Renata S Guedes, Thiago M Ardenghi, Chaiana Piovesan, Bruno Emmanuelli, Fausto M Mendes
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the impact of the presence of initial and other stages of dental caries on the impairment of oral health-related quality of life in preschool children (COHRQoL) through a cohort study. METHODS: During an epidemiological survey, 478 children (12-59 months old) were examined for dental caries using the International Caries and Detection Assessment System (ICDAS), and their parents answered the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)...
June 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Azlina N Hashim, Zamros Y M Yusof, Rashidah Esa
BACKGROUND: The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) is used to assess oral impacts on the quality of life of preschool aged children and their families. The objective of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the ECOHIS into Malay and assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation of ECOHIS into Malay comprised of translating the ECOHIS into the Malay language (Malay-ECOHIS) by experts followed by face validation of the Malay-ECOHIS by a group of mothers...
2015: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Andréa Laudares Marques, Nashalie Andrade de Alencar, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Gonçalves Antonio
AIM: This paper describes a case of an eruption hematoma in a 20-month-old boy and the impact of this hematoma on the quality of life (QoL) related to oral health of this infant and his family. BACKGROUND: Eruption hematoma is a soft benign cyst that contains blood and overlie a tooth that are about to erupt. Oral health conditions can affect the QoL and bring psychological impacts. CASE REPORT: The proposed treatment was based on oral hygiene instruction, normal diet and massage on the lesion area...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rana Yawary, Robert P Anthonappa, Manikandan Ekambaram, Colman McGrath, Nigel M King
OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), after comprehensive oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (CORGA), among children (i) <6 years using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and (ii) aged 6-14 years using the child oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL) instrument. METHODS: A total of 136 healthy children who had CORGA were recruited over a period of 12 months. The parent or caregiver of the study participants completed the age-appropriate questionnaire prior to the dental treatment and at the subsequent follow-up appointments (2 weeks and 3 months)...
September 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Jenny Abanto, Saul Martins Paiva, Aubrey Sheiham, Georgios Tsakos, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Thais Cordeschi, Evelyn Alvarez Vidigal, Marcelo Bönecker
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures should be tested for responsiveness to change if they are to be used as outcomes in randomized clinical trials. AIM: To assess the responsiveness of the Brazilian ECOHIS (B-ECOHIS) to dental treatment of dental caries. METHODS: One hundred parents of 3- to 5-year-old children completed the B-ECOHIS prior to their children's treatment and 7-14 days after completion of treatment...
July 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Marayza Alves Clementino, Tassia Cristina de Almeida Pinto-Sarmento, Edja Maria Melo de Brito Costa, Carolina Castro Martins, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Saul Martins Paiva
The aim of the present study was to evaluate parental perceptions of oral health status in preschool children. A cross-sectional study was carried with 843 Brazilian children between 3 and 5 years of age. Parents/guardians answered a self-administered questionnaire on the health of their children and sociodemographic data. Parental perceptions of their child's oral health were determined by the responses to the following question: "How would you describe your child's oral health?" The Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was answered by parents/guardians and used to measure the impact of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) on preschool children and their families...
July 2015: Brazilian Dental Journal
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