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Children oral health quality of life

Herenia P Lawrence, Jaime Cidro, Sonia Isaac-Mann, Sabrina Peressini, Marion Maar, Robert J Schroth, Janet N Gordon, Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, John R Broughton, Lisa Jamieson
This study assessed links between racism and oral health outcomes among pregnant Canadian Aboriginal women. Baseline data were analyzed for 541 First Nations (94.6%) and Métis (5.4%) women in an early childhood caries preventive trial conducted in urban and on-reserve communities in Ontario and Manitoba. One-third of participants experienced racism in the past year determined by the Measure of Indigenous Racism Experience. In logistic regressions, outcomes significantly associated with incidents of racism included: wearing dentures, off-reserve dental care, asked to pay for dental services, perceived need for preventive care, flossing more than once daily, having fewer than 21 natural teeth, fear of going to dentist, never received orthodontic treatment and perceived impact of oral conditions on quality of life...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Basil M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic motor disorder with associated cognitive, communicative, and seizure disorders. Children with CP have a higher risk of dental problems creating significant morbidity that can further affect their wellbeing and negatively impact their quality of life. Screening for dental disease should be part of the initial assessment of any child with CP. The objective of this article is to present an updated overview of dental health issues in children with CP and outline important preventative and practical strategies to the management of this common comorbidity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Daniel R Reissmann, Mike T John, Darius Sagheri, Ira Sierwald
PURPOSE: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children and adolescents can be assessed with two different approaches: children can directly report their own perceptions or parents can serve as proxies and rate their child's OHRQoL from their perspectives. It was the aim to investigate whether parents can accurately rate their children's OHRQoL and to compare agreement between OHRQoL domains and between age groups. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 140 children aged 7-17 years was consecutively recruited at a university-based orthodontic clinic and a public school...
October 14, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Eluza Piassi, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes
Anterior crossbite (AC) refers to a condition in which the maxillary anterior teeth are placed lingually in their relationship with the mandibular anterior teeth. This dental condition results in visible incisor differences that are associated with higher levels of dissatisfaction with appearance and have potential to negatively impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the children. The aim of this paper was to report two cases of interceptive orthodontic treatment of twin children with anterior crossbite and its impact on OHRQoL of these children...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Suzely As Moimaz, Najara B Rocha, Artênio Ji Garbin, Cléa As Garbin, Orlando Saliba
This study evaluated the relationships between oral conditions and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), as well as related factors. A crosssectional study was performed on 119 postnatal women who had sought prenatal care during pregnancy in the public health system of São Paulo State, Brazil. The women received oral clinical exams and were interviewed using the questions on the OHIP14. A second survey with information about their socioeconomic status, pregnancy and health habits was administered. The highest OHIP14 scores were found in the area of physical pain, with an average score of 10...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Mario V Vettore, Gabriela de F Meira, Maria A B Rebelo, Janete M Rebelo Vieira, Carolina Machuca
The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of multimorbidities of oral clinical conditions in children. The association between social position and number of oral clinical conditions, and the relationship of social position and number of oral clinical conditions with oral health-related quality of life [OHRQoL, measured using the Brazilian Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (Child-OIDP)] were also investigated. The study analysed data on 7,208 children, 12 yr of age, from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil Project)...
October 8, 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Ryan Richard Ruff, Lacey Sischo, Hillary L Broder
BACKGROUND: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is an instrument designed to measure the self-reported oral health-related quality of life of children between the ages of 8 and 15, including domains for oral health, functional well-being, social-emotional well-being, school environment and self-image. The purpose of this study was to estimate the minimally important difference (MID) of the COHIP for patients with cleft lip/palate. METHODS: Data from a 6-year, prospective, longitudinal cohort study of children with cleft lip/palate were analyzed to estimate the MID...
October 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Fernando R Carvalho, Débora A Lentini-Oliveira, Lucila Bf Prado, Gilmar F Prado, Luciane Bc Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Apnoea is a breathing disorder marked by the absence of airflow at the nose or mouth. In children, risk factors include adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, neuromuscular disorders and craniofacial anomalies. The most common treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in childhood is adeno-tonsillectomy. This approach is limited by its surgical risks, mostly in children with comorbidities and, in some patients, by recurrence that can be associated with craniofacial problems...
October 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
D S Araujo, McS Marquezin, T S Barbosa, Fla Fonseca, C Fegadolli, P M Castelo
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the association between excess weight and quality of life (QoL), symptoms of anxiety, caries experience and socio-economic factors in a representative sample of 8- to 10-year-old children from three public schools of Piracicaba (SP, Brazil). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Autoquestionnaire Qualité de Vie Enfant Image was applied to explore family and social relations, activities, health, body functions and separation domains, and, by means of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, symptoms of anxiety were screened...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Marijana Radić, Tomislav Benjak, Vlasta Dečković Vukres, Željko Rotim, Irina Filipović Zore
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common oral disease affecting all age groups and a major cause of tooth loss. Although a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries has been marked across the globe, in many countries it has remained a major oral-health problem. AIM: The objective of this paper was to show the trends in the DMFT/dmft index ​​in Croatia, compare it with European countries and present further courses of action oriented towards promotion of oral health and decrease in caries prevalence...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Eman A El Ashiry, Sumer M Alaki, Sumaya M Nouri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the parents' perception of the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and compare it with normally developing children. STUDY DESIGN: 63 children with CP were recruited from 8 disability centers, and 99 healthy controls were recruited from 5 elementary schools. The ages of the children in both groups were from 6-12 years. The Franciscan Hospital for Children Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (FHC-OHRQOL) was used to measure the OHRQOL and an oral examination was conducted in the schools/centers of the children to assess the teeth, gingival health, and oral hygiene...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hadeel A-I Abdul-Zahra, Mea'ad K Hassan, Bahaa A A H Ahmed
Few studies have investigated the quality of life of children with thalassemia in the Middle East or Mediterranean region, especially Iraq. Therefore, this study was performed to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with β-thalassemia major compared with healthy children and adolescents in the same age group and to evaluate the effects of different iron chelators on HRQoL measurements. A case-control study was performed on patients with β-thalassemia major registered at the Center for Hereditary Blood Diseases in Basra from February 2012 through July 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Matheus França Perazzo, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Neves, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND: There is a need for studies on the biopsychosocial factors that influence the use of dental services by preschoolers. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the perceptions of parents/caretakers and children regarding oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) as well as the sense of coherence (SOC) of parents/caretakers on the use of dental services among Brazilian preschoolers. DESIGN: A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 768 preschoolers...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Lea Kragt, Justin T van der Tas, Henriëtte A Moll, Marlies E C Elfrink, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eppo B Wolvius, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) is the perceived impact of one's own oral health on daily life. Oral diseases influence children's OHRQOL directly, but OHRQOL might also be related to oral health experiences from the past. We investigate the relation between dental caries at the age of 6 with OHRQOL assessed at the age of 10. This study was conducted within the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study. Caries experience was assessed with the decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (dmft) at a median age of 6...
2016: Caries Research
Kerry Dwan, Stephen J Milan, Lynne Bax, Nicola Walters, Colin Powell
BACKGROUND: Vilanterol (VI) is a long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) that binds to the beta2-adrenoceptor on the airway smooth muscle, producing bronchodilation. LABA therapy, which is well established in adults as part of the British Thoracic Society (BTS) Guidelines for the Management of Asthma, leads to improvement in symptoms and lung function and reduction in exacerbations. At present, the commonly used LABAs licensed for use in asthma management (formoterol and salmeterol) require twice-daily administration, whereas VI is a once-daily therapy...
September 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nancy Birungi, Lars Thore Fadnes, Victoria Nankabirwa, James Kashugyera Tumwine, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study is to examine the association between caretakers' caries experience and caries experience of their children. Second, to investigate whether children's and caretaker's caries experience is associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. METHODS: This study is based on the prenatal recruitment interviews and the 5-year follow-up of 417 caretaker-children pairs from the Ugandan site of the PROMISE-EBF trial conducted in Mbale, Eastern Uganda...
August 30, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
V Ravaghi, R D Holmes, J G Steele, G Tsakos
Background The 2013 Children's Dental Health survey is the fifth in a series of national surveys.Aim To summarise key findings on oral health perceptions, oral symptoms, and the impacts of oral conditions on the daily life of children and their families.Methodology A representative sample of children (aged 5, 8 12 and 15 years) and their parents in England, Wales and Northern Ireland completed relevant questionnaires.Results Oral symptoms, even more profound ones such as toothache, were prevalent among all age groups...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
Daniel K L Cheuk, Elske Sieswerda, Elvira C van Dalen, Aleida Postma, Leontien C M Kremer
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines are frequently used chemotherapeutic agents for childhood cancer that can cause cardiotoxicity during and after treatment. Although several medical interventions in adults with symptomatic or asymptomatic cardiac dysfunction due to other causes are beneficial, it is not known if the same treatments are effective for childhood cancer patients and survivors with anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. This review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nayara Silva Alves, Victor Pinheiro Gavina, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Flávia Maia Silveira, Andréa Videira Assaf
AIMS: To evaluate the perception of parents about the impact of oral problems in their children, and of demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Brazilian adolescents and young adults with intellectual disability (ID), in 2014. METHODS: The sample consisted of 119 individuals. Data collection was performed in stages: calibration and pilot study; Application of questionnaires; Exam of caries, periodontal and need for dental prostheses, in accordance with the World Health Organization criteria...
August 22, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Sandeep Kumar, Bhumika K Badiyani, Amit Kumar, Garima Dixit, Prachi Sharma, Sugandha Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Orofacial pain may have an impact on quality of life. It may affect the overall well-being of an individual. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on quality of life in early adolescents in Indore city, India. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study which included a total of 800 children selected from various public and private schools located in Indore city, India. A questionnaire was developed which collected information on sociodemographic characteristics and previous dental visits...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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