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Children oral health quality of life

Frank Gabel, Hendrik Jürges, Kai E Kruk, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequent diseases globally and tooth loss imposes a substantial burden on peoples' quality of life. Non-experimental evidence suggests that individuals with more children have more missing teeth than individuals with fewer children, but until now there is no causal evidence for or against this. METHODS: Using a Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) instrumental variables approach and large-scale cross-sectional data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (study sample: 34 843 non-institutionalised individuals aged 50+from 14 European countries and Israel study years: 2015), we investigated the causal relationship between the number of biological children and their parents' number of missing natural teeth...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Katharine C Pike, Melika Akhbari, Dylan Kneale, Katherine M Harris
BACKGROUND: Asthma exacerbations in school-aged children peak in autumn, shortly after children return to school following the summer holiday. This might reflect a combination of risk factors, including poor treatment adherence, increased allergen and viral exposure, and altered immune tolerance. Since this peak is predictable, interventions targeting modifiable risk factors might reduce exacerbation-associated morbidity and strain upon health resources. The peak occurs in September in the Northern Hemisphere and in February in the Southern Hemisphere...
March 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tola Khoun, Penelope E Malden, Bathsheba J Turton
BACKGROUND: Oral Health-Related Quality-of-Life (OHRQoL) measures have been developed and cross-culturally validated for use in many populations in recent years. Their use in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP), however, is not as well established. AIM: This study aimed to validate two OHRQoL instruments for use with Cambodian children and to describe the OHRQoL of a sample of Cambodian children with CLP, compared with other children in the same cohort. METHODS: A convenience sample of 133 children aged 2-8 years and their families was recruited from two NGO health services in urban and rural areas of Cambodia...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
E Cirillo, E Del Giudice, R Micheli, A M Cappellari, A Soresina, R M Dellepiane, M C Pietrogrande, L Dell'Era, F Specchia, A Pession, A Plebani, C Pignata
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare neurodegenerative disease, due to A-T Mutated (ATM) gene mutations, which typically presents with signs of progressive neurological dysfunction, cerebellar ataxia and uncoordinated movements. A-T severely affects patients' quality of life (QoL). Successful treatment options are still not available. Aim of this multicenter study, performed with a blind evaluation procedure, was to define the minimal effective dosage of oral betamethasone, thus preventing the occurrence of side effects...
February 28, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Robert S Venick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review aims to describe in detail contemporary medical, nutritional, and psychosocial results in pediatric intestinal transplant (ITx) recipients greater than 10 years removed from their transplant, and to highlight significant long-term post-ITx challenges and complications. The review will draw from recent publications in the field, the ITx registry as well as detailed unpublished data from a large, well established single center. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of long-term ITx survivors are off parenteral nutrition altogether, but a significant number require supplemental tube feeds to gain weight and grow properly...
February 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Joon Soo Park, Robert P Anthonappa, Rana Yawary, Nigel M King, Luc C Martens
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis of studies that have employed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and Child Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (COHRQoL) instruments, to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) changes in children following dental treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA). METHOD: A systematic search of 5 databases was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria were use of ECOHIS and COHRQoL, pre-and post-operative assessments, patients aged between 0 and 16 years, no restrictions on the follow-up period and DGA...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Giulia Ornellas, Renato Silva Fraga, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Dental caries is a public health problem that impacts oral health related to quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of dental caries in children by associating clinical and socio-dental indicators. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2 to 6-year-old children who attended public day care centers in a city in the Southeast Region of Brazil. After sample calculation, 446 children were randomly selected by eligibility criteria. Two professionals evaluated dental caries using WHO (2013) criteria and classified subjects according to early childhood caries (ECC) severity...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Gabriela Mendonça Rando, Paula Karine Jorge, Luciana Lourenço Ribeiro Vitor, Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Simone Soares, Thiago Cruvinel Silva, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Maria Beatriz Gavião, Thais Marchini Oliveira
Oral health problems can influence people's Quality of Life (QoL) because of pain, discomfort, limitations, and other esthetics problems, affecting their social life, feeding, daily activities, and the individual's well-being. To compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with and without oral clefts and their families. 121 children aged from 2 to 6 years, from both sexes, enrolled in the treatment routine of the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of a Dental School and a Hospital for Cleft Treatment were divided into two groups: Group 1 - children with cleft lip and palate; Group 2 - children without cleft lip and palate...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Noura Mahmoud, Mawlood Kowash, Iyad Hussein, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objective: The improvement of children's oral health, a world global health target, is essential to general health and quality of life. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of mothers toward their children's oral health in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional interview-based study was conducted among 383 mothers of preschool children (average age 3.49 [+1.63 years]) attending Sharjah Dental Center, UAE...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Prathip Phantumvanit, Yuka Makino, Hiroshi Ogawa, Andrew Rugg-Gunn, Paula Moynihan, Poul Erik Petersen, Wendell Evans, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Edward Lo, Mohammad H Khoshnevisan, Ramon Baez, Benoit Varenne, Tippanart Vichayanrat, Yupin Songpaisan, Margaret Woodward, Siriruk Nakornchai, Chantana Ungchusak
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is prevalent around the world, but in particular the disease is growing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries in parallel with changing diet and lifestyles. In many countries, ECC is often left untreated, a condition which leads to pain and adversely affects general health, growth and development, and quality of life of children, their families and their communities. Importantly, ECC is also a global public health burden, medically, socially and economically. In many countries, a substantial number of children require general anaesthesia for the treatment of caries in their primary teeth (usually extractions), and this has considerable cost and social implications...
January 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
E Kay, L Owen, M Taylor, L Claxton, L Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations are important tools for decision makers to determine the best allocation of resources in a healthcare system. This study explored the use of economic evaluation in oral health promotion. METHODS: A literature review identified oral health promotion programmes that measured both the health impact and costs of oral health interventions. A decision analysis model was constructed to examine the cost utility of preventing dental caries in 5 and 12-year-old children via tooth brushing schemes and fluoride varnish programmes...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P J McGrath
BACKGROUND: Several hypotheses on factors that influence oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) have been proposed but a consensus has not been reached. This cross-sectional study aimed to analyse the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may influence the OHRQoL of 15-year-old children. METHODS: A representative sample was selected from Hong Kong. Periodontal status and caries were examined according to WHO criteria. Four orthodontic indices were used to assess malocclusion...
January 18, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Jia-Li Ma, Nan Sheng, Wen-Wen Ding, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current quality of life in children with chronic diseases, and to explore the impact of transition readiness on quality of life. METHODS: A total of 332 children with chronic diseases from two children's hospitals in Shanghai, China were enrolled. A self-designed demographic questionnaire, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQLTM 4.0), and Self-Management and Transition to Adulthood with Rx=Treatment (STARx) Questionnaire were used to evaluate transition readiness and quality of life...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Bruna Brondani, Bruno Emmanuelli, Luana Severo Alves, Carlos José Soares, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to assess the effect of dental treatment on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents from a city in South Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included 129 adolescents aged 10 to 15 years who received dental caries treatment in a university clinic in Santa Maria, Brazil. The OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11-14)...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hierarchical associations between children's school performance and condition-specific (CS) oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), school absence, oral status, sociodemographic and economic status (SDES) and social capital; and to investigate the associations between CS OHRQoL and related oral status, adjusting for SDES and social capital. METHODS: Data on 925 sixth grade children in Sakaeo province, Thailand, were collected through oral examinations for dental caries and oral hygiene, social capital questionnaires, OHRQoL interviews using the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index, parental self-administered questionnaires and school documents...
January 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Alaa BaniHani, Chris Deery, Jack Toumba, Theresa Munyombwe, Monty Duggal
BACKGROUND: The effect of untreated dental caries and the approaches taken to its treatment have not been extensively elucidated in children. AIM: To investigate the impact of untreated dental caries on children aged 4-9 years and whether its treatment with either a conventional or a biological approach influenced the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the children and their carers. DESIGN: Children (n = 110) and their carers attending two specialist centres for treatment of carious primary teeth completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and the Self-reported Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old Children at baseline prior to dental treatment and at 3-6 months following completion of dental care...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sara Fabian, Bianca Gelbrich, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Christian Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Usually, morphological parameters of the teeth are recorded to help assess the indication for orthodontic treatment. It is assumed that significant deviations from average values compromise the quality of life. The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of overbite and overjet on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 748 subjects, aged 9.5-15.5 years, participated in the LIFE child project of the University of Leipzig, where they underwent a general medical and dental examination...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Folake B Lawal, Juliana O Taiwo
Background Providing evidence for institution of school-based oral health promotion programs is paramount in developing countries, due to increasing unmet dental needs impacting on quality of life of children. Aim To evaluate oral health knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of pupils in a country lacking formal school oral health promotion. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,297 pupils in randomly selected primary schools in one city. Information on oral health KAP were obtained using interviewer-administered questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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