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Caries prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155651/enhancing-surveillance-and-diagnostics-in-anthrax-endemic-countries
#1
Antonio R Vieira, Johanna S Salzer, Rita M Traxler, Katherine A Hendricks, Melissa E Kadzik, Chung K Marston, Cari B Kolton, Robyn A Stoddard, Alex R Hoffmaster, William A Bower, Henry T Walke
Naturally occurring anthrax disproportionately affects the health and economic welfare of poor, rural communities in anthrax-endemic countries. However, many of these countries have limited anthrax prevention and control programs. Effective prevention of anthrax outbreaks among humans is accomplished through routine livestock vaccination programs and prompt response to animal outbreaks. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention uses a 2-phase framework when providing technical assistance to partners in anthrax-endemic countries...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146379/lt-adjuvant-modulates-epitope-specificity-and-improves-the-efficacy-of-murine-antibodies-elicited-by-sublingual-vaccination-with-the-n-terminal-domain-of-streptococcus-mutans-p1
#2
Milene Tavares Batista, Ewerton Lucena Ferreira, Gisela de Souza Pereira, Phillip Stafford, Denicar Lina Nascimento Fabris Maeda, Juliana Falcão Rodrigues, L Jeannine Brady, Stephen Albert Johnston, Luís Carlos de Souza Ferreira, Rita de Cássia Café Ferreira
In this study, we evaluated the immunogenicity, protective efficacy and peptide-based immune signatures of antibodies raised in mice after sublingual immunization with a recombinant form of the P1 (aka AgI/II, PAc) adhesin (P139-512) of Streptococcus mutans, a major etiological agent of dental caries. Sublingual administration of P139-512 in combination with the mucosal adjuvant LTK4R (a derivative of heat-labile LT toxin) induced strong and long-lasting systemic and mucosal immune responses. Incorporation of the adjuvant resulted in an enhancement of the anti-adhesive and anti-colonization activity against S...
November 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140093/early-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-asymptomatic-vertical-enamel-and-dentin-cracks
#3
Samer S Alassaad
Asymptomatic vertical enamel and dentin cracks can lead to multiple pathologic consequences ranging from caries to pulpal involvement, periodontal involvement, complete tooth fracture, and tooth loss if intervention is postponed. Early diagnosis, using magnification, tactile examination, transillumination, and dyes, and early restorative and occlusal treatments can be incorporated into daily practice to prevent further crack propagation before asymptomatic cracks become symptomatic and cause further damage to the dentition and surrounding tissues...
November 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136625/caries-preventive-effect-of-salt-fluoridation-in-preschool-children-in-the-gambia-a-prospective-controlled-interventional-study
#4
Rainer A Jordan, Andreas Schulte, Alexander C Bockelbrink, Sarah Puetz, Ella Naumova, Lars G Wärn, Stefan Zimmer
The aim of this study was to investigate the anticaries effect of fluoridated salt in a communal feeding program for preschool children. In the Gambian city of Brikama, drinking water had a low fluoride content (0.1 mg F-/L) and young children did not use toothpaste for oral hygiene. Its 2 preschools served as clusters for the trial. Random allocation of the kindergartens was performed by one person not involved in the study, and the clinical examinations were carried out using the envelope method. Meals were prepared with fluoridated salt (250 mg F-/kg salt) in the intervention group but not in the control group...
November 15, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135948/effect-of-a-lactobacillus-salivarius-probiotic-on-a-double-species-streptococcus-mutans-and-candida-albicans-caries-biofilm
#5
Wirginia Krzyściak, Dorota Kościelniak, Monika Papież, Palina Vyhouskaya, Katarzyna Zagórska-Świeży, Iwona Kołodziej, Beata Bystrowska, Anna Jurczak
The aim of the study was to evaluate the anti-cariogenic effects of Lactobacillus salivarius by reducing pathogenic species and biofilm mass in a double-species biofilm model. Coexistence of S. mutans with C. albicans can cause dental caries progression or recurrence of the disease in the future. Fifty-nine children with diagnosed early childhood caries (ECC) were recruited onto the study. The condition of the children's dentition was defined according to the World Health Organization guidelines. The participants were divided into children with initial enamel demineralization and children showing dentin damage...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125139/salivary-proteins-and-microbiota-as-biomarkers-for-early-childhood-caries-risk-assessment
#6
REVIEW
Abdullah S Hemadi, Ruijie Huang, Yuan Zhou, Jing Zou
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a term used to describe dental caries in children aged 6 years or younger. Oral streptococci, such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sorbrinus, are considered to be the main etiological agents of tooth decay in children. Other bacteria, such as Prevotella spp. and Lactobacillus spp., and fungus, that is, Candida albicans, are related to the development and progression of ECC. Biomolecules in saliva, mainly proteins, affect the survival of oral microorganisms by multiple innate defensive mechanisms, thus modulating the oral microflora...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124705/uv-induced-mutagenicity-in-water-causes-detection-identification-and-prevention
#7
Roberta C H M Hofman-Caris
At first it seemed that UV processes for disinfection and advanced oxidation were "harmless", as they didn't involve the addition of "dangerous" chemicals nor seemed to result in the formation of toxic byproducts. However, recently it has become clear that also during UV processes mutagentic/genotoxic byproducts may be formed. It was found that these are nitrogen containing aromatic compounds, which are formed by the reaction of photolysis products of nitrate with (photolysis products of) natural organic matter...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122096/association-between-bmi-and-dental-caries-among-school-children-and-adolescents-in-jiangsu-province-china
#8
Wei Li, Taha Hussein Musa, Rong Gao, Xiao Shan Li, Wei Xiang Wang, Lei Hong, Ping Min Wei
Obesity and dental caries are increasing epidemics, especially among children and adolescents. This epidemiological observational cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among 111,792 school children and adolescents in Jiangsu Province. We found that 13.14% participants of the study sample were overweight, and 7.37% were obese. The prevalence of dental caries was 12.95% in overweight and 7.89% in obese students. There were significant differences in caries prevalence by sex, region, age group, and BMI...
October 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122090/prevalence-and-years-of-life-lost-due-to-disability-from-dental-caries-among-children-and-adolescents-in-western-china-1990-2015
#9
Zhuo Wang, Ying Deng, Shi Wei Liu, Jun He, Kui Ji, Xin Ying Zeng, Shu Juan Yang, Xin Yin Xu, Yu Luo, Mai Geng Zhou, Jian Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and years lived with disability (YLD) from dental caries among children and adolescents and the time trends over the past two decades in Sichuan province, the largest province in west China. METHODS: Based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD2015), which systematically assessed the epidemiological characteristics of major diseases and their transitions by country and region from 1990 to 2015, we extracted the estimated results for China...
2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122071/costs-and-resource-use-among-child-patients-receiving-silver-nitrate-fluoride-varnish-caries-arrest
#10
Ryan N Hansen, R Mike Shirtcliff, Jeanne Dysert, Peter M Milgrom
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of silver nitrate/fluoride varnish (SN/FV) on care costs. METHODS: A retrospective matched cohort study, using Oregon Medicaid claims (January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014) for patients younger than 21 years old, compared patients treated with SN/FV to matched patients not treated with SN/FV. The number of services and costs were compared using student's t test and generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression models...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#11
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119318/global-oral-health-status-of-athletes-with-intellectual-disabilities
#12
Luc Marks, Allen Wong, Steven Perlman, Amy Shellard, Carla Fernandez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the oral health status and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities from 181 countries by the assessment of oral health parameters and differences between world regions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected through interview and oral examinations within the Healthy Athletes Screening. These data were analysed with descriptive statistics of oral health parameters of athletes from Africa, Asia Pacific, East Asia, Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, Middle East North Africa (MENA) and North America...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118278/oral-health-status-of-independent-older-adults-in-texas-an-observational-study-comparing-urban-and-rural-areas
#13
Julie L Martin, Linda D Boyd, Helena Tapias-Perdigón, Lisa M LaSpina
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health needs of community-dwelling older adults participating in congregate meal centers and to determine whether differences exist in the oral health needs of older adult populations residing in urban versus rural communities in the state of Texas.Methods: Study participants were recruited at 6 congregate meal centers located in identified rural and urban communities in the greater metropolitan area of Austin, Texas. (N=78) Participants completed a validated, modified questionnaire containing 20 items on the following topics: self-reported oral health, tooth loss, dental insurance, frequency of dental visits, time since last dental visit, access to dental care, dry mouth, and oral cancer screening...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118256/survey-of-knowledge-beliefs-and-behaviors-of-migrant-vietnamese-parents-regarding-young-children-s-oral-health
#14
Uyen N Nguyen, Dorothy J Rowe, Judith C Barker
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors of migrant Vietnamese parents of 1-5 year-olds in San Jose, California.Method: A verbally-administered survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 45 Vietnamese parents recruited at San Jose public libraries. Following preliminary screening, written informed consent was obtained from eligible individuals. A pre-tested, structured 94-item questionnaire was used to collect information regarding parent demographics, and the parent's knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors about children's oral health...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118081/perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-and-dentists-about-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-qualitative-study
#15
Alice M Horowitz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Wendy Child, Sarah D Radice, Catherine Maybury
Purpose: The objective of this qualitative pilot study was to gain an in-depth understanding of dental hygienists and dentists perspectives regarding children's oral health and what needs to be done to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), the most frequent chronic disease of childhood.Methods: A skilled facilitator conducted four focus groups and four phone interviews with 20 dental hygienists and 17 dentists practicing in a variety of locations within the state of Maryland. The interview guide was based on results from previous state-wide surveys of dental hygienists and dentists...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114060/ethics-rounds-death-after-pediatric-dental-anesthesia-an-avoidable-tragedy
#16
Helen Lee, Peter Milgrom, Colleen E Huebner, Philip Weinstein, Wylie Burke, Erika Blacksher, John D Lantos
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the single most common chronic childhood disease. In the treatment of ECC, children are often given moderate sedation or general anesthesia. An estimated 100 000 to 250 000 pediatric dental sedations are performed annually in the United States. The most common medications are benzodiazepines, opioids, local anesthetics, and nitrous oxide. All are associated with serious adverse events, including hypoxemia, respiratory depression, airway obstruction, and death. There is no mandated reporting of adverse events or deaths, so we don't know how often these occur...
November 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110327/caries-risk-assessment-tool-and-prevention-protocol-for-public-health-nurses-in-mother-and-child-health-centers-israel
#17
Lena Natapov, Dan Dekel-Markovich, Hadas Granit-Palmon, Efrat Aflalo, Shlomo Paul Zusman
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic disease in children. Caries risk assessment tools enable the dentists, physicians, and nondental health care providers to assess the individual's risk. Intervention by nurses in primary care settings can contribute to the establishment of oral health habits and prevention of dental disease. In Israel, Mother and Child Health Centers provide free preventive services for pregnant women and children by public health nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A caries prevention program in health centers started in 2015...
November 7, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109965/estimating-the-carbohydrate-content-of-various-forms-of-tobacco-by-phenol-sulfuric-acid-method
#18
Vardhaman Mulchand Jain, Gundabaktha Nagappa Karibasappa, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Gaurao Vasant Mali
BACKGROUND: Due to consumption of various forms of tobacco in large amounts by Indian population, it has become a cause of concern for major oral diseases. In 2008, the WHO named tobacco as the world's single greatest cause of preventable death. It is also known that certain amount of carbohydrates are incorporated in processed tobacco to make it acceptable for consumption. Thus, its role in oral diseases becomes an important question at this point of time. Through this study, it is attempted to find out the carbohydrate content of various forms of tobacco by phenol-sulfuric acid method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109314/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-perception-of-psychosocial-elements-among-pediatric-patients-visiting-dental-clinics
#19
Ashish Bhalla, U B Rajasekaran, Madhavi Singh, Manish Goutam, Nikhil Grover, Ashok Galav
INTRODUCTION: Children with high dental fear and perception usually encounter high prevalence of dental caries. Data showed that individuals with dental fear will probably defer dental appointments which may result in the formation of a setup of an endless loop of dental fear. Present study was aimed to assess different psycho-social parameters among pediatric patients visiting dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the data of 200 schoolchildren were collected and analyzed by means of a questionnaire...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108500/breastfeeding-and-oral-health-evidence-and-methodological-challenges
#20
K G Peres, B W Chaffee, C A Feldens, C Flores-Mir, P Moynihan, A Rugg-Gunn
Breastfeeding is a powerful health-promoting behavior. A 2016 Lancet global collaboration to review the health implications of breastfeeding was among the first to consider oral health outcomes. While a role was suggested for breastfeeding in preventing malocclusion, caries was the only included disease condition unfavorably associated with breastfeeding. The present critical review examines the evidence connecting breastfeeding practices to these outcomes and discusses the methodological challenges inherent in reaching causal conclusions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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