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Caries prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438560/longitudinal-investigation-of-salivary-proteomic-profiles-in-the-development-of-early-childhood-caries
#1
Shuang Ao, Xiangyu Sun, Xiangru Shi, Xin Huang, Feng Chen, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differentially expressed salivary peptides in the development of early childhood caries (ECC) in 3-4 year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two caries-free children at baseline were followed-up for 1year, during which period 15 of them had developed ECC (GroupC), whilst another 15 cases out of the 31 individuals who remained healthy were marked as Group H. Stimulated whole saliva samples were collected at 0, 6 and 12 months, and analyzed using weak cation exchange magnetic beads combined with matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418412/-the-family-s-influence-on-the-oral-health-of-children-a-peek-behind-the-front-door
#2
D Duijster, C van Loveren
The prevention of dental caries seems fairly easy. The disease can largely be avoided by the daily removal of dental plaque using fluoride toothpaste and the control of sugary intakes. Most parents have sufficient knowledge and motivation to adhere to this prevention advice with respect to their children. Actual practice, however, proves quite difficult because parents experience barriers in implementing the advice. This article provides an overview of the most important family-related factors that influence children's oral health behaviour and dental caries experience...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407420/dental-biofilm-infections-an-update
#3
REVIEW
Tove Larsen, Nils-Erik Fiehn
Teeth are colonized by oral bacteria from saliva containing more than 700 different bacterial species. If removed regularly, the dental biofilm mainly comprises oral streptococci and is regarded as resident microflora. But if left undisturbed, a complex biofilm containing up to 100 bacterial species at a site will build up and may eventually cause development of disease. Depending on local ecological factors, the composition of the dental biofilm may vary considerably. With access to excess carbohydrates, the dental biofilm will be dominated by mainly gram-positive carbohydrate-fermenting bacteria causing demineralization of teeth, dental caries, which may further lead to inflammation and necrosis in the pulp and periapical region, i...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404475/exploring-the-short-term-impact-of-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-on-children-s-dental-caries-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#4
L McLaren, S Patterson, S Thawer, P Faris, D McNeil, M L Potestio, L Shwart
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries (tooth decay) is common and can be serious. Dental caries is preventable, and community water fluoridation is one means of prevention. There is limited current research on the implications of fluoridation cessation for children's dental caries. Our objective was to explore the short-term impact of community water fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries, by examining change in caries experience in population-based samples of schoolchildren in two Canadian cities, one that discontinued community water fluoridation and one that retained it...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399833/a-comparison-of-dalys-for-periodontal-disease-in-china-between-1990-and-2013-insights-from-the-2013-global-burden-of-disease-study
#5
Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394709/fissure-seal-or-fluoride-varnish-a-randomized-trial-of-relative-effectiveness
#6
I G Chestnutt, R Playle, S Hutchings, S Morgan-Trimmer, D Fitzsimmons, N Aawar, L Angel, S Derrick, C Drew, C Hoddell, K Hood, I Humphreys, N Kirby, T M M Lau, C Lisles, M Z Morgan, S Murphy, J Nuttall, K Onishchenko, C Phillips, T Pickles, C Scoble, J Townson, B Withers, B L Chadwick
Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) are effective in preventing dental caries when compared with a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness of these interventions is uncertain. The objective of the study was to compare the clinical effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- to 7-y-olds. The study design was a randomized clinical trial, with 2 parallel arms. The setting was a targeted-population program that used mobile dental clinics in schools located within areas of high social and economic deprivation in South Wales...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391272/in-office-application-of-fluoride-gel-or-varnish-cost-effectiveness-and-expected-value-of-perfect-information-analysis
#7
Falk Schwendicke, Michael Stolpe
Application of fluoride gel/varnish (FG/FV) reduces caries increments but generates costs. Avoiding restorative treatments by preventing caries might compensate for these costs. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of dentists applying FG/FV in office and the expected value of perfect information (EVPI). EVPI analyses estimate the economic value of having perfect knowledge, assisting research resource allocation. A mixed public-private-payer perspective in Germany was adopted. A population of 12-year-olds was followed over their lifetime, with caries increments modelled using wide intervals to reflect the uncertainty of caries risk...
April 8, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391076/improvised-vacuum-assisted-closure-for-severe-neck-infection-in-poorly-equipped-conditions
#8
S Adam, H D Sama, C Chossegros, M K Bouassalo, M Y Akpoto, E Kpemissi
INTRODUCTION: Dental infections are common and are mainly due to dental caries. When left untreated, these infections can lead to severe life-threatening sepsis. CASE REPORT: The authors reported a case of a severe odontogenic deep neck space infection in a 54-year-old male. The patient was a heavy smoker with incidentally discovered diabetes. He was successfully treated by surgical drainage combined with an improvised Vacuum-Assisted Closure (VAC) system. The results of surgical drainage followed by insertion of an improvised VAC system were spectacular...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390459/effectiveness-of-xylitol-in-reducing-dental-caries-in-children
#9
Abdullah A Marghalani, Emilie Guinto, Minhthu Phan, Vineet Dhar, Norman Tinanoff
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of xylitol in reducing dental caries in children compared to no treatment, a placebo, or preventive strategies. METHODS: MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched from January 1, 1995 through Sept. 26, 2016 for randomized and controlled trials on children consuming xylitol for at least 12 months. The primary endpoint was caries reduction measured by mean decayed, missing, and filled primary and permanent surfaces/ teeth (dmfs/t, DMFS/T, respectively)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390204/the-superior-anti-caries-efficacy-of-fluoride-toothpaste-containing-1-5-arginine
#10
D Cummins
Innovation in the dental caries area and the development of new superior efficacy treatments to prevent dental caries are as important today as they have ever been, because caries remains a highly prevalent disease globally. Appropriately designed and well-conducted, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are best-in-class evidence of the effectiveness of a new intervention in medicine and dentistry, and traditional two- to threeyear caries clinical trials are currently the gold standard for proof of superior caries prevention efficacy...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387098/-the-importance-of-pulp-therapy-in-deciduous-teeth
#11
REVIEW
A Bolette, S Truong, A Guéders, S Geerts
Preserving primary teeth is crucial for maintaining the maxillary growth, aesthetics, mastication, and speech and for preventing from abnormal habits. Given the peculiar anatomy of the primary tooth, caries grow faster and more frequently to the pulp. In pediatric dentistry, new methods and enhanced material have been recently released on the market and broadened the field of treatments. In this paper, we review the pulp diseases affecting children and focus on the current root canal therapies that favour the physiological primary tooth loss...
December 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385327/total-breast-feeding-duration-and-dental-caries-in-healthy-urban-children
#12
Peter D Wong, Catherine S Birken, Patricia C Parkin, Isvarya Venu, Yang Chen, Robert J Schroth, Jonathon L Maguire
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between longer breast-feeding duration and dental caries in healthy urban children. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of urban children aged 1 to 6 years recruited through The Applied Research Group for Kids (TARGet Kids!) practice-based research network between September 2011 and August 2013. The main outcome measure was parental report of dental caries. RESULTS: The adjusted predicted probability of dental caries was 7%, 8%, 11%, and 16% with total duration of breast-feeding duration of 12, 18, 24, and 36 months, respectively...
April 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384989/application-of-cad-cam-for-fabrication-of-metal-free-band-and-loop-space-maintainer
#13
Harleen Kaur Soni
An ideal occlusion with proper tooth alignment and fully functional teeth is the ultimate goal of all dental treatments. Premature extraction of deciduous teeth is a common sequeale of untreated dental caries in teeth in which the damage is far beyond repair. Premature extraction might lead to loss of space for the successor tooth, drifting of teeth and loss of arch integrity leading to malocclusion in the permanent teeth. To prevent the space loss, space maintainers are designed and delivered at the time of extraction to allow for development of proper functional occlusion in children till the eruption of the succedaneous permanent tooth...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384971/awareness-of-dental-trauma-management-among-school-teachers-of-kannur-kerala-india
#14
Divya Chandukutty, Faizal C Peedikayil, Chandru T Premkumar, Dhanesh Narasimhan, Deepak Jose
INTRODUCTION: Dental trauma can overtake dental caries and periodontal disease as the most significant threat to dental health among young people. The prognosis of traumatized teeth depends on prompt and appropriate treatment. The role of school teachers in the prevention of traumatic dental injuries is a topic that has received a great deal of attention in recent years. However, studies conducted in different regions of the world have demonstrated that teachers and other lay people's knowledge about traumatic dental injuries is inadequate and their behavior does not contribute to reduce the sequelae...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#15
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377661/awareness-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#16
Nahla Nassif, Balsam Noueiri, Riad Bacho, Kassem Kassak
Pediatricians have an important role in early identification and prevention of oral health, but they reported lack of knowledge in this field. AIM: the aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 21 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and type of practice...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375708/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-caries-prevention-in-dental-practice
#17
M Tickle, C O'Neill, M Donaldson, S Birch, S Noble, S Killough, L Murphy, M Greer, J Brodison, R Verghis, H V Worthington
We conducted a parallel group randomized controlled trial of children initially aged 2 to 3 y who were caries free, to prevent the children becoming caries active over the subsequent 36 mo. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland, and children were randomly assigned by a clinical trials unit (CTU) (using computer-generated random numbers, with allocation concealed from the dental practice until each child was recruited) to the intervention (22,600-ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized, evidence-based prevention advice) or advice-only control at 6-monthly intervals...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369904/curriculum-influence-on-interdisciplinary-oral-health-education-and-practice
#18
Melinda Clark, Rocio Quinonez, Jonathan Bowser, Hugh Silk
OBJECTIVES: Oral diseases are very prevalent across the lifespan and impact overall health, yet are largely preventable. The Smiles for Life (SFL) curriculum was created to educate healthcare providers about oral disease and support integration of oral health and primary care. This study examines SFL's influence on clinical practice and education. METHODS: Surveys were sent to registered users of SFL. Users who self-identified as direct care providers (DCPs), or educators, were included in the analysis...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362168/impact-of-abbreviated-filgrastim-schedule-on-survival-and-hematopoietic-recovery-after-irradiation-in-four-mouse-strains-with-different-radiosensitivity
#19
Merriline Satyamitra, Vidya P Kumar, Shukla Biswas, Lynnette Cary, Leonora Dickson, Srinivasan Venkataraman, Sanchita P Ghosh
Filgrastim (Neupogen(®), granulocyte-colony stimulating factor) is among the few countermeasures recommended for management of patients in the event of lethal total-body irradiation. Despite the plethora of studies using filgrastim as a radiation countermeasure, relatively little is known about the optimal dose schedule of filgrastim to mitigate radiation lethality. We evaluated the efficacy of filgrastim in improving 30-day survival of CD2F1 mice irradiated with a lethal dose (LD70/30) in the AFRRI cobalt-60 facility...
March 31, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360245/listening-to-paediatric-primary-care-nurses-a-qualitative-study-of-the-potential-for-interprofessional-oral-health-practice-in-six-federally-qualified-health-centres-in-massachusetts-and-maryland
#20
Judith Bernstein, Christina Gebel, Clemencia Vargas, Paul Geltman, Ashley Walter, Raul Garcia, Norman Tinanoff
OBJECTIVES: To explore the opportunities for interprofessional collaboration (IPC) to improve paediatric oral health in federally qualified health centres (FQHCs), to identify challenges to IPC-led integration of oral health prevention into the well-child visit and to suggest strategies to overcome barriers. SAMPLE: Nurse managers (NMs), nurse practitioners (NPs), paediatric clinical staff and administrators in six FQHCs in two states were interviewed using a semistructured format...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
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