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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209001/comparative-evaluation-of-fluoride-releasing-ability-of-various-restorative-materials-after-the-application-of-surface-coating-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Gvs Kishore, A J Sai-Sankar, Mjs Pratap-Gowd, M Sridhar, Kakarla Pranitha, V S Sai-Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride plays a key role in prevention of dental caries and is also an essential element for oral health promotion both in children and adults. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of surface coating (petroleum jelly, G-Coat Plus) on the fluoride releasing property of conventional Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) and Zirconomer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 disk shaped brass mold specimens (6±0.1mm in diameter and 2±0...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207379/absence-of-fluoride-varnish-related-adverse-events-in-caries-prevention-trials-in-young-children-united-states
#3
Raul I Garcia, Steven E Gregorich, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Patricia A Braun, Anne Wilson, Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Maya Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Margaret Rasmussen, Nancy F Cheng, William Santo, Paul L Geltman, Michelle Henshaw, Stuart A Gansky
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride varnish is an effective prevention intervention for caries in young children. Its routine use in clinical care is supported by meta-analyses and recommended by clinical guidelines, including the US Preventive Services Task Force (B rating). This report is the first prospective systematic assessment of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in young children. METHODS: We determined the incidence of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in 3 clinical trials on the prevention of early childhood caries, conducted under the auspices of the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195340/preventive-benefit-of-access-to-fluoridated-water-for-young-adults
#5
A John Spencer, Pingzhou Liu, Jason Mathew Armfield, Loc Giang Do
: Water fluoridation has been repeatedly associated with lower caries experience in children but uncertainty still exists on strength and extent of the association into adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the preventive effect of access to fluoridated water on dental caries among young adults. METHODS: In 1991/92 a cross-section of South Australian children aged 5-17 were recruited. Parents provided information on residential history, socioeconomic status, and behaviors...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190815/structural-analysis-of-strontium-in-human-teeth-treated-with-surface-pre-reacted-glass-ionomer-filler-eluate-by-using-extended-x-ray-absorption-fine-structure-analysis
#6
Motohiro Uo, Takahiro Wada, Kiyotaka Asakura
The bioactive effects of strontium released from surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) fillers may aid in caries prevention. In this study, the local structure of strontium taken up by teeth was estimated by extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis. Immersing teeth into S-PRG filler eluate increased the strontium content in enamel and dentin by more than 100 times. The local structure of strontium in enamel and dentin stored in distilled water was the same as that in synthetic strontium-containing hydroxyapatite (SrHAP)...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188664/an-in-vitro-investigation-of-pre-treatment-effects-before-fissure-sealing
#7
Mahshid Bagheri, Peter Pilecki, Salvatore Sauro, Martyn Sherriff, Timothy F Watson, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealants prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars. Enamel preparation methods are used before fissure sealing. AIMS: To investigate effects of bioglass air-abrasion pre-treatment with and without an adhesive, on fissure enamel of permanent teeth, with respect to etchability, microleakage and microtensile bond strength. DESIGN: Half of the occlusal surfaces of 50 extracted premolars underwent bioglass air-abrasion. Dye was applied to the entire occlusal surface...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178696/comment-on-the-paper-entitled-arginine-and-caries-prevention-a-systematic-review
#8
Roger Ellwood, William DeVizio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178188/effect-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-and-potassium-iodide-treatment-on-secondary-caries-prevention-and-tooth-discolouration-in-cervical-glass-ionomer-cement-restoration
#9
Irene Shuping Zhao, May Lei Mei, Michael F Burrow, Edward Chin-Man Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
This study investigated the effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) and potassium iodide (KI) treatment on secondary caries prevention and tooth discolouration in glass ionomer cement (GIC) restoration. Cervical GIC restorations were done on 30 premolars with: Group 1, SDF + KI; Group 2, SDF (positive control); Group 3, no treatment (negative control). After cariogenic biofilm challenge, the demineralisation of dentine adjacent to the restoration was evaluated using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171707/the-american-cancer-society-s-cancer-prevention-study-3-cps-3-recruitment-study-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#10
Alpa V Patel, Eric J Jacobs, Daniela M Dudas, Peter J Briggs, Cari J Lichtman, Elizabeth B Bain, Victoria L Stevens, Marjorie L McCullough, Lauren R Teras, Peter T Campbell, Mia M Gaudet, Elizabeth G Kirkland, Melissa H Rittase, Nance Joiner, W Ryan Diver, Janet S Hildebrand, Nancy C Yaw, Susan M Gapstur
BACKGROUND: Prospective cohort studies contribute importantly to understanding the role of lifestyle, genetic, and other factors in chronic disease etiology. METHODS: The American Cancer Society (ACS) recruited a new prospective cohort study, Cancer Prevention Study 3 (CPS-3), between 2006 and 2013 from 35 states and Puerto Rico. Enrollment took place primarily at ACS community events and at community enrollment "drives." At enrollment sites, participants completed a brief survey that included an informed consent, identifying information necessary for follow-up, and key exposure information...
February 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169445/industry-sponsorship-in-trials-on-fluoride-varnish-or-gels-for-caries-prevention
#11
Seif Reda, Karim Elhennawy, Hendrik Meyer-Lückel, Sebastian Paris, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Fluoride is effective for caries prevention, but trials on fluoride varnish or gels are often industry-sponsored. We assessed trial design and findings in sponsored and nonsponsored trials on fluoride varnish and fluoride gels for caries prevention. METHODS: Data on trials included in the most recent Cochrane Reviews on fluoride varnish and fluoride gels were extracted. Sample sizes/age/dentition, year/country of publication, follow-up, test and control, risk of bias and spin (claims of a beneficial effect that were not supported by reported data) were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169264/in-vitro-study-of-the-effect-of-an-essential-oil-and-a-delmopinol-mouth-rinse-on-dental-plaque-bacteria
#12
Henrique Soares LuIs, Luis Soares Luis, Mário Bernardo
CONTEXT: Mouthrinses are used, by many of our patients, as a complement to daily dental hygiene routine. The use of a toothbrush and an interproximal cleaning method may not be enough to control dental plaque. Essential oils and delmopinol mouth rinses are effective for the prevention of dental caries and gingivitis. To study the effect of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on dental plaque bacteria, an in vitro study was developed. AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli, and aerobic and anaerobic dental plaque nonspecific bacteria...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165440/antimicrobial-efficacy-of-probiotic-containing-toothpastes-an-in-vitro-evaluation
#13
Ivana Parčina Amižić, Livia Cigić, Lidia Gavić, Marina Radić, Dolores Biočina Lukenda, Marija Tonkić, Ivana Goić Barišić
Aim To evaluate, in vitro antimicrobial ability of two probiotic toothpastes (one containing Lactobacillus paracasei, other containing Lactobacillus acidophilus) and one toothpaste without probiotic separately, and in a combination with two different mouthrinses (one containing essential oils and the other containing hexitidine). Methods Antimicrobial susceptibility was checked by using the ditch method and Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Two different toothpastes with probiotic, toothpaste without probiotic and two different mouthrinses were tested against the following selected microorganisms: Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus salivarius and Staphylococcus aureus...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157423/effect-of-nd-yag-and-co2-laser-irradiation-on-prevention-of-enamel-demineralization-in-orthodontics-in-vitro-study
#14
Renato Siva Paulos, Priscila Yumi Seino, Karen Akemi Fukushima, Marcia Martins Marques, Fernanda Campos Sousa de Almeida, Karen Muller Ramalho, Patricia Moreira de Freitas, Aldo Brugnera, Maria Stella Moreira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate Nd:YAG and CO2 laser effects in the prevention of demineralization in deeper layers of enamel via successive acid challenge cycles. BACKGROUND DATA: Lasers are promising in the prevention of enamel demineralization around the orthodontic brackets; however, there are very few studies that evaluate if the effects of treatment could be extended after successive acid challenge cycles due to permanent enamel structural alterations...
January 18, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153055/high-prevalence-of-skin-and-wound-care-of-hospitalized-elderly-in-brazil-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Carleara Ferreira da Rosa Silva, Rosimere Ferreira Santana, Beatriz Guitton Renaud Baptista de Oliveira, Thalita Gomes do Carmo
BACKGROUND: Skin changes caused by aging increase the risk of skin damages, such as pressure ulcers, during hospitalization of elderly patients. There is few information about the cost of wound treatment in Brazil. Conversely, skin and wound problems are highly reported among hospitalized elderly patients and caregivers. The purpose is to analyze the socio-demographic and clinical profile associated with skin and wound care in hospitalized elderly. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study...
February 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151937/conspiracy-beliefs-and-knowledge-about-hiv-origins-among-adolescents-in-soweto-south-africa
#16
Robert Hogg, Busisiwe Nkala, Janan Dietrich, Alexandra Collins, Kalysha Closson, Zishan Cui, Steve Kanters, Jason Chia, Bernard Barhafuma, Alexis Palmer, Angela Kaida, Glenda Gray, Cari Miller
PURPOSE: We examined adolescents' knowledge regarding the origin of HIV/AIDS and correlates of beliefs surrounding conspiracy theories in Soweto, South Africa. Now, a decade post-AIDS denialism, South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy roll-out worldwide. However, conspiracy theories stemming from past AIDS denialism may impact HIV prevention and treatment efforts. METHODS: Study participants were recruited through the Kganya Motsha Adolescent Health Centre and the Perinatal HIV Research Unit's Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study (BBAHS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148703/addressing-adolescent-oral-health-a-review
#17
Hugh Silk, Amy Kwok
Oral health is one of the most unmet health care needs of adolescents. Oral disease can have a profound effect on overall health, including pain, missed school, heart disease, and even death. Adolescents have specific needs pertaining to oral health in addition to the usual lifelong issues of caries management, sports injury prevention, and dental referrals. Teen years are a higher risk time for oral piercings, increased sugar intake, nicotine initiation, and orthodontic considerations. Adolescents need a unique approach to motivate them about their oral health issues...
February 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147347/ph-response-and-tooth-surface-solubility-at-the-tooth-bacteria-interface
#18
Gen Mayanagi, Koei Igarashi, Jumpei Washio, Nobuhiro Takahashi
Evaluating the physiochemical processes at the tooth surface/bacteria interface is important for elucidating the etiology of dental caries. This study aimed to compare the mineral solubility and protein degradation of coronal enamel (CE) and root dentin (RD), and investigate the involvement of dissolved components in bacteria-induced pH changes using a model of tooth/bacteria interface. An experimental apparatus forming a well was made of polymethyl methacrylate, and a bovine tooth (CE or RD) specimen was fixed at the bottom of the well...
February 2, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139487/comparative-evaluation-of-secondary-caries-formation-around-light-cured-fluoride-releasing-restorative-materials
#19
N Sathyajith Naik, V V Subba Reddy, N D Shashikiran
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate secondary caries formation around light-cured fluoride-releasing restorative materials. METHODOLOGY: Standard Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of forty extracted healthy premolars. The teeth were randomly divided into four groups of ten teeth each and labeled as Group I, II, III, and IV and restored with one of the following materials, namely, Fuji II LC (Group I), Vitremer (Group II), F-2000 (Group III), and Z-100 (Group IV; Control)...
January 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133937/attitudes-to-dental-care-sweden-2003-2013-and-clinical-correlates-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-2013
#20
K Edman, A Holmlund, B Nordström, K Öhrn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes to dental care, and to assess possible associations with socio-economic and clinical variables over a period of ten years, and to investigate the association between OHRQoL assessed by oral impact on daily performance (OIDP), and socio-economic, dental care habits, smoking and oral status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional studies performed in the county of Dalarna, Sweden, in 2003, 2008 and 2013. Random samples of 1,107-1,115 dentate individuals, aged 30-85 years, who answered a questionnaire and who were radiographically and clinically examined were included...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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