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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156937/book-review-your-brain-in-sickness-and-in-health-the-experience-of-dementia-and-other-brain-disorders-your-brain-in-sickness-and-in-health-the-experience-of-dementia-and-other-brain-disorders-williams-sid-2017-lulu-north-carolina-paperback-507-pages
#1
Nick O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145276/endovascular-stenting-of-spontaneous-isolated-dissection-of-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Dong-Na Gao, Qing-Hui Qi, Ping Gong
RATIONALE: Spontaneous isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SID-SMA) is a rare arterial disease that is difficult to differentiate from other diseases because of lack of specific clinical manifestation and for which there is no available optimal management strategy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old male patient visited our emergency room with sudden onset of moderate-severe epigastric abdominal pain of uncertain cause. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography scanning showed a characteristic "double lumen sign" of the superior mesenteric artery, and further computed tomography angiography findings revealed a dissected segment of the superior mesenteric artery...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144305/cost-minimization-in-a-full-scale-conventional-wastewater-treatment-plant-associated-costs-of-biological-energy-consumption-versus-sludge-production
#3
S Sid, A Volant, G Lesage, M Heran
Energy consumption and sludge production minimization represent rising challenges for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The goal of this study is to investigate how energy is consumed throughout the whole plant and how operating conditions affect this energy demand. A WWTP based on the activated sludge process was selected as a case study. Simulations were performed using a pre-compiled model implemented in GPS-X simulation software. Model validation was carried out by comparing experimental and modeling data of the dynamic behavior of the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentration and nitrogen compounds concentration, energy consumption for aeration, mixing and sludge treatment and annual sludge production over a three year exercise...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143703/dose-response-evaluation-of-the-standardized-ileal-digestible-tryptophan-lysine-ratio-to-maximize-growth-performance-of-growing-finishing-gilts-under-commercial-conditions
#4
M A D Gonçalves, M D Tokach, N M Bello, K J Touchette, R D Goodband, J M DeRouchey, J C Woodworth, S S Dritz
Environmental regulations as well as economic incentives have resulted in greater use of synthetic amino acids in swine diets. Tryptophan is typically the second limiting amino acid in corn-soybean meal-based diets. However, using corn-based co-products emphasizes the need to evaluate the pig's response to increasing Trp concentrations. Therefore, the objective of these studies was to evaluate the dose-response to increasing standardized ileal digestible (SID) Trp : Lys on growth performance of growing-finishing gilts housed under large-scale commercial conditions...
November 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129035/trends-and-factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-and-infant-sleep-practices-in-georgia
#5
Trina C Salm Ward, Florence A Kanu, Alex K Anderson
Breastfeeding benefits both infant and mother, including reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To further reduce risk of SIDS, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants sleep on their backs on a separate sleep surface. Our objective was to describe trends and factors associated with breastfeeding and infant sleep practices in Georgia. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System 2004-2013 data were obtained from the Georgia Department of Public Health. Chi square tests for trends were utilized to determine whether there were significant linear trends in breastfeeding and infant sleep overtime and by survey phase...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127392/saccharomycesidentifier-sid-strain-level-analysis-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-populations-by-using-microsatellite-meta-patterns
#6
Irene Stefanini, Davide Albanese, Maddalena Sordo, Jean-Luc Legras, Carlotta De Filippo, Duccio Cavalieri, Claudio Donati
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a common yeast with several applications, among which the most ancient is winemaking. Because individuals belonging to this species show a wide genetic and phenotypic variability, the possibility to identify the strains driving fermentation is pivotal when aiming at stable and palatable products. Metagenomic sequencing is increasingly used to decipher the fungal populations present in complex samples such as musts. However, it does not provide information at the strain level. Microsatellites are commonly used to describe the genotype of single strains...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126594/seeing-the-forest-beyond-the-trees-predicting-survival-in-burn-patients-with-machine-learning
#7
Adrienne N Cobb, Witawat Daungjaiboon, Sarah A Brownlee, Anthony J Baldea, Arthur P Sanford, Michael M Mosier, Paul C Kuo
BACKGROUND: This study aims to identify predictors of survival for burn patients at the patient and hospital level using machine learning techniques. METHODS: The HCUP SID for California, Florida and New York were used to identify patients admitted with a burn diagnosis and merged with hospital data from the AHA Annual Survey. Random forest and stochastic gradient boosting (SGB) were used to identify predictors of survival at the patient and hospital level from the top performing model...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123261/a-new-panel-of-pancreatic-cancer-biomarkers-discovered-using-a-mass-spectrometry-based-pipeline
#8
Xiaohui Liu, Weimin Zheng, Wansheng Wang, Huali Shen, Linxiao Liu, Wenhui Lou, Xiaolin Wang, Pengyuan Yang
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic carcinoma (PC) is an aggressive malignancy that lacks strategies for early detection. This study aimed to develop a coherent, high-throughput and non-discriminatory pipeline for the novel clinical biomarker discovery of PC. METHODS: We combined mass spectrometry (MS)-intensive methods such as isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (iTRAQ-2DLC-MS/MS), 1D-targeted LC-MS/MS, prime MRM (P-MRM) and stable isotope dilution-based MRM (SID-MRM) to analyse serum samples from healthy people (normal control, NC), patients with benign diseases (BD) and PC patients to identify novel biomarkers of PC...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115964/the-matex-cohort-a-finnish-population-register-birth-cohort-to-study-health-effects-of-prenatal-exposures
#9
Isabell K Rumrich, Kirsi Vähäkangas, Matti Viluksela, Mika Gissler, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Hanna de Ruyter, Jukka Jokinen, Otto Hänninen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic diseases, such as immune, neurobehavioral, and metabolic disorders has increased in recent decades. According to the concept of Developmental Origin of Health and Disease (DOHaD), developmental factors associated with environmental exposures and maternal lifestyle choices may partly explain the observed increase. Register-based epidemiology is a prime tool to investigate the effects of prenatal exposures over the whole life course. Our aim is to establish a Finnish register-based birth cohort, which can be used to investigate various (prenatal) exposures and their effects during the whole life course with first analyses focusing on maternal smoking and air pollution...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108040/replacing-dietary-nonessential-amino-acids-with-ammonia-nitrogen-does-not-alter-amino-acid-profile-of-deposited-protein-in-the-carcass-of-growing-pigs-fed-a-diet-deficient-in-nonessential-amino-acid-nitrogen
#10
W D Mansilla, J K Htoo, C F M de Lange
Amino acid usage for protein retention, and, consequently, the AA profile of retained protein, is the main factor for determining AA requirements in growing animals. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of supplementing ammonia N on whole-body N retention and the AA profile of retained protein in growing pigs fed a diet deficient in nonessential AA (NEAA) N. In total, 48 barrows with a mean initial BW of 13.6 kg (SD 0.7) were used. At the beginning of the study, 8 pigs were euthanized for determination of initial protein mass...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107236/long-term-biochemical-changes-in-offspring-of-rats-fed-diet-containing-alpha-cypermethrin
#11
Hafeda Ghorzi, Hafida Merzouk, Leila Hocine, Sid Ahmed Merzouk
To investigate the possible developmental programming, we analyzed the effects of maternal and postnatal low dose alpha-cypermethrin exposure on metabolic and redox parameters in the offspring. Postnatal changes in plasma biochemical parameters and plasma and tissue oxidative stress markers were determined in offspring of dams fed standard chow or diet containing alpha cypermethrin at 1.50mg/kg/day during gestation and lactation, weaned on to standard chow or on treated diet until adulthood (5months). Our results showed that exposure to alpha cypermethrin induced a significant reduction in body weight, food intake and metabolic alterations such as an increase in plasma glucose, triglyceride, urea, creatinine and AST levels in both postnatal and prenatal/postnatal treated female and male rats...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106864/six-month-old-infants-with-deformational-plagiocephaly-do-not-differ-from-unaffected-infants-with-respect-to-vocal-control
#12
Kathleen Wermke, Christian Linz, Annette Hasenberg, Felix Kunz, Philipp Meyer-Marcotty, Tilmann Schweitzer
OBJECTIVES: The recommendation of a supine sleeping position led to a significant reduction of SIDS, but increased positional skull deformities (DP). Here, a quantitative analysis of babbling aims to complement previous studies of language-relevant competence based on items of the Bayley-scales that suggested the presence of developmental language delays in DP infants. Measures of fundamental frequency variability as proxies for vocal control are well suited for testing this assumption, since the laryngeal neuro-muscular system matures early and is coupled with brain function while working rapidly in coordinating the structures and mechanisms involved in infant sound production...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104079/-why-don-t-they-like-me-more-comparing-the-time-courses-of-social-and-monetary-reward-processing
#13
Belel Ait Oumeziane, Jacqueline Schryer-Praga, Dan Foti
Humans possess a strong tendency towards social affiliation and interpersonal interaction. Yet, we know far less about how rewards in one's social environment affect functioning as we do with other types of rewards, presumably due to the inherent complexity of measuring social phenomena in laboratory settings. Here, we adapted a social reward paradigm (social incentive delay [SID]) for use in event-related potential (ERP) research, enabling a direct comparison of social and monetary reward processing. We found that social and monetary rewards elicit comparable ERP latencies and scalp topographies across several processing stages (reward cue, outcome anticipation, and outcome evaluation), highlighting the possibility of a common neural network...
November 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098998/the-emergence-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-on-inhaled-antibiotics
#14
Atqah AbdulWahab, Khalid Zahraldin, Mazen A Sid Ahmed, Sulieman Abu Jarir, Mohammed Muneer, Shehab F Mohamed, Jemal M Hamid, Abubaker A I Hassan, Emad Bashir Ibrahim
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDR-PA) is an important and growing issue in the care of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe the frequency of MDR-PA recovered from the lower respiratory samples of pediatric and adult CF patients, and its antibiotic resistance pattern to commonly used antimicrobial agents including β-lactams, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones...
November 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090459/slow-versus-fast-subcutaneous-heparin-injections-for-prevention-of-bruising-and-site-pain-intensity
#15
REVIEW
Mina Mohammady, Leila Janani, Ali Akbari Sari
BACKGROUND: Heparin is an anticoagulant medication that is usually injected subcutaneously. Subcutaneous administration of heparin may result in complications such as bruising, haematoma, and pain at the injection site. One of the factors that may affect pain, haematoma, and bruising is injection speed. For patients and healthcare providers, strategies that can reduce pain and bruising are considered important. Reducing patients' discomfort and concerns whenever and wherever possible is an important aim of nursing...
November 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079220/himatanthus-drasticus-apocynaceae-latex-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-modulates-cd4-cd8-foxp3-and-hsp-60-expressions-in-sarcoma-180-bearing-mice
#16
Glauco Jonas Lemos Santos, Emanuele Silva Oliveira, Ana Débora Nunes Pinheiro, Patricia Marçal da Costa, José Claudio Carneiro de Freitas, Francisco Glauco de Araújo Santos, Fernanda Maria Machado Maia, Selene Maia de Morais, Diana Célia Sousa Nunes-Pinheiro
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Brazil, the latex of Himatanthus drasticus is used to treat inflammation, wound healing and cancer. The present study evaluated the antitumoral potential of H. drasticus latex (HdCL) in Sarcoma 180-bearing mice (S180). MATERIALS, METHODS: HdCL was obtained in Crato-CE, Brazil. Qualitative phytochemicals assays, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and microbiological analyzes were performed. Swiss mice were divided into six groups, according to tumor forms: 1) ascitic model, GI (Control; 0...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076399/cerebrospinal-fluid-and-blood-biomarkers-for-neurodegenerative-dementias-an-update-of-the-consensus-of-the-task-force-on-biological-markers-in-psychiatry-of-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-biological-psychiatry
#17
Piotr Lewczuk, Peter Riederer, Sid E O'Bryant, Marcel M Verbeek, Bruno Dubois, Pieter Jelle Visser, Kurt A Jellinger, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Alfredo Ramirez, Lucilla Parnetti, Clifford R Jack, Charlotte E Teunissen, Harald Hampel, Alberto Lleó, Frank Jessen, Lidia Glodzik, Mony J de Leon, Anne M Fagan, José Luis Molinuevo, Willemijn J Jansen, Bengt Winblad, Leslie M Shaw, Ulf Andreasson, Markus Otto, Brit Mollenhauer, Jens Wiltfang, Martin R Turner, Inga Zerr, Ron Handels, Alexander G Thompson, Gunilla Johansson, Natalia Ermann, John Q Trojanowski, Ilker Karaca, Holger Wagner, Patrick Oeckl, Linda van Waalwijk van Doorn, Maria Bjerke, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, H Bea Kuiperij, Lucia Farotti, Yi Li, Brian A Gordon, Stéphane Epelbaum, Stephanie J B Vos, Catharina J M Klijn, William E Van Nostrand, Carolina Minguillon, Matthias Schmitz, Carla Gallo, Andrea Lopez Mato, Florence Thibaut, Simone Lista, Daniel Alcolea, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Johannes Kornhuber
In the 12 years since the publication of the first Consensus Paper of the WFSBP on biomarkers of neurodegenerative dementias, enormous advancement has taken place in the field, and the Task Force takes now the opportunity to extend and update the original paper. New concepts of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the conceptual interactions between AD and dementia due to AD were developed, resulting in two sets for diagnostic/research criteria. Procedures for pre-analytical sample handling, biobanking, analyses and post-analytical interpretation of the results were intensively studied and optimised...
October 27, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074769/what-is-consciousness-and-could-machines-have-it
#18
REVIEW
Stanislas Dehaene, Hakwan Lau, Sid Kouider
The controversial question of whether machines may ever be conscious must be based on a careful consideration of how consciousness arises in the only physical system that undoubtedly possesses it: the human brain. We suggest that the word "consciousness" conflates two different types of information-processing computations in the brain: the selection of information for global broadcasting, thus making it flexibly available for computation and report (C1, consciousness in the first sense), and the self-monitoring of those computations, leading to a subjective sense of certainty or error (C2, consciousness in the second sense)...
October 27, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070909/a-blood-based-biomarker-panel-indicates-il-10-and-il-12-23p40-are-jointly-associated-as-predictors-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-load-in-an-ad-cohort
#19
Steve Pedrini, Veer B Gupta, Eugene Hone, James Doecke, Sid O'Bryant, Ian James, Ashley I Bush, Christopher C Rowe, Victor L Villemagne, David Ames, Colin L Masters, Ralph N Martins
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, characterised by extracellular amyloid deposition as plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles of tau protein. As no current clinical test can diagnose individuals at risk of developing AD, the aim of this project is to evaluate a blood-based biomarker panel to identify individuals who carry this risk. We analysed the levels of 22 biomarkers in clinically classified healthy controls (HC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's participants from the well characterised Australian Imaging, Biomarker and Lifestyle (AIBL) study of aging...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069275/submucosal-invasive-depth-predicts-lymph-node-metastasis-and-poor-prognosis-in-submucosal-invasive-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Tomohiro Kadota, Tomonori Yano, Takeo Fujita, Hiroyuki Daiko, Satoshi Fujii
Objectives: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) in submucosal invasive esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SM-ESCC) is a prognostic factor. The aim of this study was to identify a histopathologic predictor of LNM in SM-ESCC. Methods: In total, 108 patients who underwent an esophagectomy and lymph node dissection without preoperative therapy and who were pathologically diagnosed with SM-ESCC were enrolled in this study. Relationships between several clinicopathologic factors and LNM were examined...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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