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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806467/the-history-of-home-cardiorespiratory-monitoring
#1
Gary E Freed, Francis Martinez
Home cardiorespiratory monitoring has changed significantly since it was first introduced in the 1970s. It has improved from a simple alarm system to a sophisticated piece of equipment capable of monitoring the patient's electrocardiogram, respiratory effort, and oxygen saturations. In addition, the indications for using a monitor have also changed. The home monitor was initially used to reduce the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Although there were several studies demonstrating the reduction of SIDS rates in communities where apnea programs existed, none was a prospective, double-blinded study or had adequate numbers to be clinically significant...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806464/beyond-back-to-sleep-ways-to-further-reduce-the-risk-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#2
Fern R Hauck, Kawai O Tanabe
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the leading cause of postneonatal mortality in the United States, despite reduction in rates of more than 50% since the initiation of the "Back to Sleep" (now called "Safe to Sleep") campaign in 1994. In recent years, the rate of decline in SIDS deaths has plateaued, even with the ongoing educational efforts that promote safe sleep and other risk reduction measures. The 2016 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for reducing the risk of SIDS focus heavily on sleep practices, bedding, and location, but also include factors that often receive less attention (ie, prenatal care, maternal smoking, alcohol and drug use, and childhood vaccinations)...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806460/sids-or-suid-the-emphasis-on-risk-reduction
#3
EDITORIAL
Joseph R Hageman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805905/standardized-ileal-digestible-amino-acids-and-digestible-energy-contents-in-high-protein-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles-fed-to-growing-pigs
#4
Y Rho, C Zhu, E Kiarie, C F M de Lange
Chemical composition and, therefore, potential nutritive value of corn distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is constantly evolving as the ethanol industry innovates processing techniques. We determined standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of AA (Exp. 1) and DE (Exp. 2) contents in high-protein (HP; >40% on a DM basis) DDGS samples. Two HP DDGS (HP-A and HP-B) samples and 1 conventional DDGS (CON) sample were selected for this study. Three semipurified corn starch-based diets (minimum 18% CP, as-fed basis) were formulated with DDGS as the sole source of AA...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794869/medicinal-plants-with-promising-antileishmanial-activity-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Masoud Soosaraei, Mahdi Fakhar, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a major public health problem worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate medicinal plants with anti-Leishmania activity which used in Iran. METHODS: Data were systematically gathered from five English databases including Ebsco, Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus, four Persian databases including Magiran, Iran doc, Iran medex and the Scientific Information Database (SID) from 1999 to April 2015. Information obtained included plant family, extraction method, concentrations of extracts, animal models and parasite strains...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790302/formation-and-suppression-of-acoustic-memories-during-human-sleep
#6
Thomas Andrillon, Daniel Pressnitzer, Damien Léger, Sid Kouider
Sleep and memory are deeply related, but the nature of the neuroplastic processes induced by sleep remains unclear. Here, we report that memory traces can be both formed or suppressed during sleep, depending on sleep phase. We played samples of acoustic noise to sleeping human listeners. Repeated exposure to a novel noise during Rapid Eye Movements (REM) or light non-REM (NREM) sleep leads to improvements in behavioral performance upon awakening. Strikingly, the same exposure during deep NREM sleep leads to impaired performance upon awakening...
August 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782352/cornus-mas-a-review-on-traditional-uses-and-pharmacological-properties
#7
Fatemeh Hosseinpour-Jaghdani, Tahoora Shomali, Sajedeh Gholipour-Shahraki, Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Medicinal plants that are used today have been known by people of ancient cultures around the world and have largely been considered due to their medicinal properties. Cornus mas L. (Cornelian cherry) is one of these medicinal plants with high level of antioxidant activity. Cornelian cherry is an attractive ornamental plant with delicious fruit having nutritional and therapeutic values. The main purpose of this paper is to present and summarize the pharmacological and therapeutic effects from researches done on Cornelian cherry in studies from 2000 to 2016...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776334/trends-of-social-inequalities-in-the-specific-causes-of-infant-mortality-in-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-in-korea-1995-2009
#8
Mia Son, Soo Jeong An, Young Ju Kim
The relationship between social disparity and specific causes of infant mortality has rarely been studied. The present study analyzed infant mortality trends according to the causes of death and the inequalities in specific causes of infant mortality between different parental social classes. We analyzed 8,209,836 births from the Statistics Korea between 1995 and 2009. The trends of disparity for cause-specific infant mortality according to parental education and employment were examined using the Cox proportional hazard model for the birth-year intervals of 1995-1999, 2000-2004, and 2005-2009...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775068/active-sleep-unmasks-apnea-and-delayed-arousal-in-infant-rat-pups-lacking-central-serotonin
#9
Jacob O Young, Aron M Geurts, Matthew Robert Hodges, Kevin J Cummings
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), occurring during sleep periods, is highly associated with abnormalities within serotonin (5-HT) neurons, including reduced 5-HT. There is evidence that future SIDS cases experience more apnea and have abnormal arousal from sleep. In rodents, a loss of 5-HT neurons is associated with apnea in early life and, in adulthood, delayed arousal. As the activity of 5-HT neurons changes with vigilance state, we hypothesized that the degree of apnea and delayed arousal displayed by rat pups specifically lacking central 5-HT varies with state...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766090/what-do-pediatricians-tell-parents-about-bed-sharing
#10
Paula Schaeffer, Andrea G Asnes
Background and objectives Despite the risks of bed-sharing, little is known about what pediatricians tell parents about bed-sharing with infants and whether pediatricians provide specific recommendations outlined by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). This study aimed to understand pediatricians' opinions about bed-sharing and the advice pediatricians provide to parents about bed sharing. Methods The study employed a qualitative study design and the conceptual framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765594/evaluation-of-realistic-layouts-for-next-generation-on-scalp-meg-spatial-information-density-maps
#11
Bushra Riaz, Christoph Pfeiffer, Justin F Schneiderman
While commercial magnetoencephalography (MEG) systems are the functional neuroimaging state-of-the-art in terms of spatio-temporal resolution, MEG sensors have not changed significantly since the 1990s. Interest in newer sensors that operate at less extreme temperatures, e.g., high critical temperature (high-T c) SQUIDs, optically-pumped magnetometers, etc., is growing because they enable significant reductions in head-to-sensor standoff (on-scalp MEG). Various metrics quantify the advantages of on-scalp MEG, but a single straightforward one is lacking...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761453/the-prevalence-of-obesity-among-school-aged-children-and-youth-aged-6-18-years-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#12
REVIEW
Salman Khazaei, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Parivash Nooraliey, Mohammad Keshvari-Delavar, Mahin Ghafari, Ali Pourmoghaddas, Erfan Ayubi, Kamyar Mansori, Behzad Gholamaliee, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Obesity is considered as a major health problem of children and adolescents. The present meta-analysis was conducted by extensive search of studies on the prevalence of obesity among school-aged children and youth aged 6-18 years in Iran. METHODS: All conducted cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of obesity in Iranian students in all grades were extracted, without applying any restriction on time in national and international databases including Magiran, Iranmedex, SID, Scopus, Google Scholar, and PubMed...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754078/3d-simulation-assisted-resection-of-giant-hepatic-mesenchymal-hamartoma-in-children
#13
Jing Zhao, Xian-Jun Zhou, Cheng-Zhan Zhu, Ying Wu, Bin Wei, Gang Zhang, Xi-Wei Hao, Hong Zhang, Zhong Jiang, Qian Dong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of Hisense Computer Assisted Surgery System (Hisense CAS) in pre-operative surgical planning and intra-operative navigation for resection of pediatric giant hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma (HMH). METHODS: Five children with HMH underwent hepatectomy in our hospital. Pre-operative abdominal enhanced CT was performed for diagnosis and treatment planning. Using CT DICOM files, three-dimensional reconstruction was performed in three cases for operation planning and intra-operative navigation, with SID carrying out precise liver resection during the operation with Hisense CAS...
December 2017: Computer Assisted Surgery (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751833/anmco-iss-amd-ance-arca-fadoi-gicr-iacpr-sici-gise-sibioc-sic-sicoa-sid-sif-simeu-simg-simi-sisa-joint-consensus-document-on-cholesterol-and-cardiovascular-risk-diagnostic-therapeutic-pathway-in-italy
#14
Michele Massimo Gulizia, Furio Colivicchi, Gualtiero Ricciardi, Simona Giampaoli, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, Maurizio Averna, Maria Stella Graziani, Ferruccio Ceriotti, Alessandro Mugelli, Francesco Rossi, Gerardo Medea, Damiano Parretti, Maurizio Giuseppe Abrignani, Marcello Arca, Pasquale Perrone Filardi, Francesco Perticone, Alberico Catapano, Raffaele Griffo, Federico Nardi, Carmine Riccio, Andrea Di Lenarda, Marino Scherillo, Nicoletta Musacchio, Antonio Vittorio Panno, Giovanni Battista Zito, Mauro Campanini, Leonardo Bolognese, Pompilio Massimo Faggiano, Giuseppe Musumeci, Enrico Pusineri, Marcello Ciaccio, Enzo Bonora, Giorgio Cantelli Forti, Maria Pia Ruggieri, Claudio Cricelli, Francesco Romeo, Roberto Ferrari, Attilio Maseri
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease still represents the leading cause of death in Western countries. A wealth of scientific evidence demonstrates that increased blood cholesterol levels have a major impact on the outbreak and progression of atherosclerotic plaques. Moreover, several cholesterol-lowering pharmacological agents, including statins and ezetimibe, have proved effective in improving clinical outcomes. This document focuses on the clinical management of hypercholesterolaemia and has been conceived by 16 Italian medical associations with the support of the Italian National Institute of Health...
May 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751423/sid-1-functions-in-multiple-roles-to-support-parental-rnai-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#15
Eddie Wang, Craig P Hunter
Systemic RNA interference (RNAi) in Caenorhbaditis elegans requires sid-1, sid-3, and sid-5 Injected, expressed, or ingested double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is transported between cells, enabling RNAi in most tissues, including the germline and progeny (parental RNAi). A recent report claims that parental RNAi also requires the yolk receptor rme-2 Here, we characterize the role of the sid genes and rme-2 in parental RNAi. We identify multiple independent paths for maternal dsRNA to reach embryos and initiate RNAi...
July 27, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750343/is-ambient-temperature-associated-with-risk-of-infant-mortality-a-multi-city-study-in-korea
#16
Ji-Young Son, Jong-Tae Lee, Michelle L Bell
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have shown increased risk of mortality from elevated temperatures for adults, limited studies have examined temperature's effect on mortality for infants. Our study investigated the city-specific and overall effects of ambient temperature on infant mortality in seven major cities in Korea, 2004-2007. METHODS: Birth cohort using a linked birth and death records included 777,570 births with 557 all-cause deaths. We estimated city-specific hazard ratios for each city using an extended Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent covariates...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740634/human-papillomavirus-and-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-iranian-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Versa Omrani-Navai, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Yousef Yahyapour, Akbar Hedayatizadeh-Omran, Saeid Abediankenari, Ghasem Janbabaei, Fatima Toghani
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies are the most common cancers and account for nearly half of all cancer-related deaths in Iran. There was a strong association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and urogenital cancers, in particular the cervix. However, there is no clear causal relationship in all types of cancers, including gastrointestinal cancers. Therefore, the present study as a systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the prevalence and relation of HPV in GI cancers...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735611/the-sid-is-80-years-old-%C3%A2-and-just-getting%C3%A2-started
#18
EDITORIAL
Russell P Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730632/apparent-and-standardized-ileal-digestibility-of-amino-acids-in-diverse-barley-cultivars-fed-to-growing-pigs
#19
Hongliang Wang, Xiaokang Ma, Xiao Xu, Meng Shi, Xiangshu Piao
The objectives of this study were to determine the chemical composition, ileal amino acid (AA) digestibility of barley varieties and to develop equations to predict the AA digestibility based on the chemical characteristics of individual barley. A wide selection of nine barley varieties in the main growing regions of China was used in the experiment. Ten crossbred pigs (30.9 ± 1.8 kg) were allotted to a 6 × 10 Youden Square. The treatments included a nitrogen-free diet and nine barley test diets. Considerable variation was observed in the content of neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, crude protein (CP) and all AAs among the barley samples...
July 21, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728766/assessment-of-safe-sleep-validation-of-the-parent-newborn-sleep-safety-survey
#20
Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Rosemary Nabaweesi, Alison Rose Caballero, Samantha Hope Mullins, Beverly Kaye Miller, Mary Elizabeth Aitken
PURPOSE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and suffocation account for more than half of all Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations describe the safest environments to protect infants. This study compared parent responses on the Newborn Sleep Safety Survey and observational assessments (N=72) of infant sleep environments in families thought to be at high-risk for non-compliance with AAP recommendations. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study of participants enrolled in two home visitation support programs was used...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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