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Somayyeh Khazaeian, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Malihe Nasiri
Background and aim: Social capital and social support as determinants of health play an important role in the health of female heads of households. Considering the increasing number of female-headed families in Iran and the world, this study was conducted to systematically review the impact of social capital and social support on the health of female heads of households. Methods: This study was conducted as a systematic review in September 2016. Its data were collected from available papers in different databases including Iranmedex, Magiran, Scientific Information Database (SID), Irandoc, Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Sepideh Gareh Sheyklo, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Ahmad Moosavi, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Morteza Ghojazadeh
Background and aim: Entonox was one of the important methods for pain management in the delivery process. In previous years some studies have assessed the effect of this method in Iran. In this regard, the aim of this study was to systematically review studies addressing the effect of Entonox for pain management in labor. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was conducted in 2016. The required data was collected using keywords such as "Entonox", "nitrous oxide", "vaginal delivery", "pain relief", "obstetric", "labor pain", and "labor analgesia", from databases including Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Magiran, SID, and Scopus, and hand-searching of related and valid journals and references of articles...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Masoud Yasemi, Shahram Bamdad, Diana Sarokhani, Mandana Sarokhani, Kourosh Sayemiri, Nayeb Ali Ahmadi
Background and aim: Pterygium is one of the most prevalent pathologies involving the cornea, which can lead to various vision signs and even reduction in eyesight. No accurate estimate has been reported about the prevalence of pterygium in Iran. Hence, this study aimed to determine the pterygium prevalence in Iran by meta-analysis method. Methods: Searching for data of the last eleven years (from 2004 to 2015) was conducted using the keywords of pterygium, eye, and Iran in International and domestic indexing services and databases including Iranmedex, Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran, Irandoc, Medlib, IranPsych, Science Direct, Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), PubMed, and Scopus...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Neha Bairoliya, Günther Fink
BACKGROUND: While the high prevalence of preterm births and its impact on infant mortality in the US have been widely acknowledged, recent data suggest that even full-term births in the US face substantially higher mortality risks compared to European countries with low infant mortality rates. In this paper, we use the most recent birth records in the US to more closely analyze the primary causes underlying mortality rates among full-term births. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Linked birth and death records for the period 2010-2012 were used to identify the state- and cause-specific burden of infant mortality among full-term infants (born at 37-42 weeks of gestation)...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Sid Perkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Scientific American
David J Tester, Leonie C H Wong, Pritha Chanana, Amie Jaye, Jared M Evans, David R FitzPatrick, Margaret J Evans, Peter Fleming, Iona Jeffrey, Marta C Cohen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Michael A Simpson, Elijah R Behr, Michael J Ackerman
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal mortality. Genetic heart diseases (GHDs) underlie some cases of SIDS. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the spectrum and prevalence of GHD-associated mutations as a potential monogenic basis for SIDS. METHODS: A cohort of 419 unrelated SIDS cases (257 male; average age 2.7 ± 1.9 months) underwent whole exome sequencing and a targeted analysis of 90 GHD-susceptibility genes...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Salehoddin Bouya, Maryam Koochakzai, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Abbas Balouchi, Safiyeh Taheri, Mahin Badakhsh, Mahnaz Didehvar
PURPOSE: Quality of life is the most important psychological factor affecting breast cancer patients. This study aimed to examine the health related quality of life of breast cancer patients in Iran. METHODS: International (PubMed, Web of science, Scopus and Google scholar) and national (SID, Magiran) databases were searched for related studies to September 2017. The quality of the articles was evaluated using the Hoy tool. RESULTS: Out of 232 initial studies, 18 studies performed on 2263 people were included in the final stage of the study...
March 14, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Neal Goldberg, Yahdira Rodriguez-Prado, Rebecca Tillery, Caroline Chua
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant younger than age 12 months whose cause of death remains unknown despite a thorough death scene investigation, a review of the clinical history, and an autopsy. Despite the huge achievement of the Back to Sleep program, SIDS remains one of the leading causes of infant death in the United States. In recent years, the SIDS rate has remained stationary despite major public health efforts aimed at high-risk groups to improve sleep environment and strategies...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Wesley P Schweer, John F Patience, Eric R Burrough, Brian J Kerr, Nicholas K Gabler
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a significant disease in the swine industry and increasing soybean meal (SBM) consumption during this disease challenge may improve performance. Our objectives were to determine the impact of SBM level on apparent total tract (ATTD) and ileal (AID) digestibility during PRRSV infection, and to determine ileal basal endogenous losses (BEL) during PRRSV infection. Forty PRRSV negative gilts were fitted with a T-cannula in the distal ileum. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial with high and low SBM (HSBM, 29% vs...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Mariyam Suzana, Helen Walls, Richard Smith, Johanna Hanefeld
Background: Universal health coverage (UHC) is difficult to achieve in settings short of medicines, health workers and health facilities. These characteristics define the majority of the small island developing states (SIDS), where population size negates the benefits of economies of scale. One option to alleviate this constraint is to import health services, rather than focus on domestic production. This paper provides empirical analysis of the potential impact of this option. Methods: Analysis was based on publicly accessible data for 14 SIDS, covering health-related travel and health indicators for the period 2003-2013, together with in-depth review of medical travel schemes for the two highest importing SIDS-the Maldives and Tuvalu...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Xiao Ya Zhang, Xiangfang Zeng, Xutong Liu, Hongmin Jia, Pingli He, Shiyan Qiao, Xiangbing Mao
The objective of this study was to investigate whether valine (Val) supplementation in a reduced protein (RP) diet regulates growth performance associated with the changes in plasma amino acids (AAs) profile, metabolism, endocrine and neural system in piglets. Piglets or piglets with a catheter in the precaval vein were randomly assigned to two treatments, including two RP diets with standardized ileal digestible (SID) Val: Lysine (Lys) ratio of 0.45 and 0.65, respectively. The results indicated that piglets in the higher Val:Lys ratio treatment had higher average daily feed intake (ADFI) (P < 0...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ruiyang Jiang, Steven Wolf, Muhammad H Alkazemi, Gina-Maria Pomann, J Todd Purves, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: The surgical comorbidity assessment is important for patient risk stratification, counseling, and research. In adults, risk assessment indices, such as the Charlson Co-morbidity Score (CCS) or Van Walraven Index (VWI), are well established. In pediatrics, however, risk assessment indices are scarce. Recently, a pediatric-specific risk assessment index, the Rhee index, was developed to discriminate mortality for pediatric general surgery patients. Currently, there is no validated risk assessment tool in pediatric urology...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Jeremy Robertson, Sid Becker
The exposure of the skin to low-frequency (20-100 kHz) ultrasound is a well-established method for increasing its permeability to drugs. The mechanism underlying this permeability increase has been found to be inertial cavitation within the coupling fluid. This study investigated the influence of acoustic reflections on the inertial cavitation dose during low-frequency (20 kHz) exposure in an in vitro skin sonoporation setup. This investigation was conducted using a passive cavitation detector that monitored the broadband noise emission within a modified Franz diffusion cell...
March 8, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Lianwei Mu, Dong Dong Xia, Teresa Michalkiewicz, Matthew Hodges, Gary Mouradian, Girija G Konduri, Margaret T T Wong-Riley
We have identified a critical period of respiratory development in rats at postnatal days P12-13, when inhibitory influence dominates and when the response to hypoxia is at its weakest. This critical period has significant implications for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), the cause of which remains elusive. One of the known risk factors for SIDS is prematurity. A common intervention used in premature infants is hyperoxic therapy, which, if prolonged, can alter the ventilatory response to hypoxia and induce sustained inhibition of lung alveolar growth and pulmonary remodeling...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Xiaoxian Wu, Diane L Haakonsen, Allen G Sanderlin, Yue J Liu, Liqiang Shen, Ningning Zhuang, Michael T Laub, Yu Zhang
Canonical bacterial transcription activators bind to non-transcribed promoter elements to increase transcription of their target genes. Here we report crystal structures of binary complexes comprising domains of Caulobacter crescentus GcrA, a noncanonical bacterial transcription factor, that support a novel mechanism for transcription activation through the preferential binding of methylated cis-regulatory elements and the promotion of open complex formation through an interaction with region 2 of the principal σ factor, σ70...
March 5, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Filippo Baldacci, Simone Lista, Sid E O'Bryant, Roberto Ceravolo, Nicola Toschi, Harald Hampel
The discovery, development, and validation of novel candidate biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are increasingly gaining momentum. As a result, evolving diagnostic research criteria of NDs are beginning to integrate biofluid and neuroimaging indicators of pathophysiological mechanisms. More than 10% of people aged over 65 suffer from NDs. There is an urgent need for a refined two-stage diagnostic model to first initiate an early, sensitive, and noninvasive process in primary care settings...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Katja N Adamik, Rafael Obrador, Judith Howard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL) or saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on electrolyte concentrations and acid-base parameters in healthy anaesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomised clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 40 client-owned dogs undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgical procedures or diagnostic imaging. METHODS: During anaesthesia, dogs were intravenously administered 15 mL kg-1 of either HES-SAL (n = 20) or HES-BAL (n = 20) over 30-40 minutes...
January 11, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
I Floris, J Lechner, B Lejeune
Regulated-on-activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (also called RANTES, CCL5 or R/C) is a chemotactic cytokine that plays a key role in recruiting immune cells to inflammatory sites. R/C is involved in the pathogenesis of many systemic immune-mediated diseases (SIDs) and is upregulated in fatty-degenerative osteolysis jawbone (FDOJ) cavitations. Surgical cleaning of degenerative areas reduces the source of chronic R/C but might not be sufficient to re-establish the altered immunological patterns...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Imane Semhaoui, Thierry Maugard, Ikbal Zarguili, Sid-Ahmed Rezzoug, Jean-Michel Qiuyu Zhao, Jamil Toyir, Mostafa Nawdali, Zoulikha Maache-Rezzoug
The aim of this study was to investigate a pretreatment by combined H2 SO4 acid-catalyst and thermomechanical process to improve hemicelluloses solubilization of hemp hurds and subsequently enzymatic hydrolysis extent of potentially fermentable sugars. It was found that the sugars released were gradually increased with treatment severity. Soluble sugars generated before enzymatic hydrolysis (R1 ) increased up to 2.23 g/L indicating that autohydrolysis reaction occurred during pretreatment. Consequently, the solubilization of hemicelluloses was correlated with combined severity factor (CS)...
February 23, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Nafiseh Ghassab Abdollahi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sanaz Mollazadeh
Introduction Fennel has many medicinal properties and is used in the treatment of dysmenorrhea. Given the widespread use of herbal medicine among women for menstrual problems and considering the fact that there has been no study to date about the effect of fennel on menstrual bleeding and duration of menstrual bleeding through systematic review, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of fennel on the amount (primary outcome) and duration of menstrual bleeding and its side-effects (secondary outcomes)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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