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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916723/surgical-treatment-of-metallic-foreign-body-embolization-in-the-middle-cerebral-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Chuan Chen, Bo Hou, Lun Luo, Ying Guo
Intracranial artery embolization cases caused by foreign bodies are extremely clinically rare. Twenty-four cases in total have been reported in the literature; among them, 20 cases were caused by firearms, and only four cases originated from non-firearm injuries in daily life. Here, we report a fifth case of foreign body embolization in the cerebral artery caused by non-firearm injuries. We used microsurgery and successfully removed the metal piece that embolized the middle cerebral artery of a 30-year-old male patient in our center...
December 1, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880017/comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-free-jejunal-flap-reconstructions-of-pharyngoesophageal-defects-in-hypopharyngeal-cancer-and-corrosive-injury-patients
#2
Mu-Han Hsieh, Yun-Tai Yang, Yueh-Ju Tsai, Yur-Ren Kuo, Pao-Yuan Lin
INTRODUCTION: Free jejunal flap is one of the optimal choices for restoring upper digestive tract. The purpose of this study was to introduce the treatment strategies and to compare the outcomes of free jejunal flap for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction between hypopharyngeal cancer and chemical corrosive injured esophagus. METHODS: From 2001 to 2012, patients who had been received esophageal reconstruction by free jejunal flap for pharyngoesophageal defect were divided into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) group and corrosive chemical injury (CCI) group...
November 23, 2016: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738603/corrosive-esophagitis-with-benzalkonium-chloride-in-a-two-days-old-neonate
#3
Hasret Ayyildiz Civan, Didem Gulcu, Tulay Erkan
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) is a caustic agent which is used in farms, homes and hospitals for cleaning skin and wounds as an antiseptic solution. It may lead to digestive system injuries in case of ingestion. We present a two-days-old newborn case which was carried to the emergency unit with complaints of poor breastfeeding, uneasiness and crying for 4-6 hours. Her mom confessed that she had given a spoon of 10% BAC solution for her cough. Initial laboratory tests were in normal ranges. A gastroscopy performed in the second hour of her admission revealed an hyperemic and edematous mucosa in the middle third of esophagus and a circumferential ulceration followed in the distal portion...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716764/-use-of-corticosteroids-in-esophagitis-caustic-ingestion-report-of-two-cases
#4
Alexis José Ormeño Julca
Exposure to potentially toxic substances represents 0.3% of annual visits to a pediatric emergency department, being a situation likely to be prevented and that generates a non-negligible morbidity and mortality. The most common route of exposure is the oral and drugs are the products most frequently involved. Esophagitis caustic ingestion of corrosive substances in childhood is now a public health problem in developing countries. Clinical manifestations vary from no injuries serious commitment to high risk of death observed more frequently in patients between one and three years old...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549430/acute-kidney-injury-following-ingestion-of-plate-developer-sodium-metasilicate-a-case-report
#5
B G A Rathnamali, G Samarajiwa, D D K Abeyratne, G N D Perera, S B Gunatilake
BACKGROUND: Plate developer is a chemical used in the printing industry and is a corrosive alkaline agent containing sodium metasilicate as the main substance. Plate developer poisoning is rare. Literature search revealed only a single case report of fatal sodium metasilicate poisoning (Z Rechtsmed 94(3):245-250, 1985). There are no reports of acute kidney injury related to ingestion of sodium metasilicate containing substances. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old Sri Lankan male with a history of hypertension and affective disorder presented following ingestion of about 150 ml of plate developer solution...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400703/fatal-corrosive-ingestion-a-study-from-south-and-south-east-delhi-india-2005-2014
#6
Rajanikanta Swain, Chittaranjan Behera, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
The study presents a retrospective analysis of 64 cases of death resulting from ingestion of corrosive substances. The cases represented approximately 0.4% of all autopsies conducted and 13.6% of all fatal poisonings studied during the 10-year period from January 2005 to December 2014 at the Department of Forensic Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. The data was analyzed with regard to age, sex, nature and source of corrosive substance used, survival period, cause and manner of death...
July 8, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394396/esophageal-remnant-cancer-35-years-after-acidic-caustic-injury-a-case-report
#7
Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Stamatina Triantafyllou, Vasiliki Xiromeritou, Nikolaos Bliouras, Chriso Loizou, Dimitrios Theodorou
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma has been described as a long-term consequence following ingestion of corrosive substances. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a rare case of a 62-year-old female patient with a history of acidic caustic injury 35 years ago, for which she had undergone near total esophagogastrectomy with right colon interposition. Recently, she presented with worsening dysphagia, weight loss, neck swelling and chest pain. After the diagnostic workup, an invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus was confirmed...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379433/double-lumen-poliamid-tube-stent-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-post-corrosive-oesophageal-stenosis
#8
Marek Woynarowski, Maciej Dądalski, Violetta Wojno, Mikołaj Teisseyre, Leszek Hurkała, Emil Płowiecki
This paper presents the results of endoscopic treatment for recurrent post-corrosive oesophageal stenosis with a tube-stent developed at our institution.The tube-stent was implanted in five children with corrosive oesophageal injury at the age of 2-8.5 years after 7-64 dilatation sessions over 5-118 months. In total, 13 tube-stent were implanted. One patient had nine procedures over 2.5 years and the tube-stent remained in place for 14-250 days. This patient was tube-stent-dependent due to the lack of any possibility of surgical reconstruction...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365909/review-of-esophageal-injuries-and-stenosis-lessons-learn-and-current-concepts-of-management
#9
Raghu Sampalli Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To review the patients with esophageal injuries and stenosis with respect to their etiology, clinical course, management, and the lessons learnt from these. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive observation review of children with esophageal injuries and stenosis admitted between January 2009 and April 2015. RESULTS: Eighteen children with esophageal injuries of varied etiology were managed and included, seven with corrosive injury, five with perforation due to various causes, three with mucosal erosion, two with trachea esophageal fistula (TEF), and one wall erosion...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365904/the-use-of-ileocolic-segment-for-esophageal-replacement-in-children
#10
Harshjeet Singh Bal, Sudipta Sen
AIMS: To evaluate and describe the procedure and outcome of ileocolic replacement of esophagus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We review 7 children with esophageal injuries, who underwent esophageal replacement using ileocolic segment in Christian Medical College, Vellore, India between 2006 and 2014. RESULTS: The ileocolic segment was used in 7 children with scarred or inadequate esophagus. There were 4 girls and 3 boys, who underwent esophageal replacement using isoperistaltic ileocolic segment in this period...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168496/safety-assessment-of-epidural-wire-electrodes-for-cough-production-in-a-chronic-pig-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Krzysztof E Kowalski, Tomasz Kowalski, Anthony F DiMarco
BACKGROUND: It is our hypothesis that high intensity spinal cord stimulation (SCS) to restore an effective cough mechanism using wire leads, will result in significant activation of target neurons without tissue injury or electrode corrosion. METHODS: Adult mini-pigs underwent chronic spinal cord compression, followed by implantation of parallel wire leads on the dorsal epidural surface of the spinal cord, with stimulation contacts at the T9 and T12, and control electrode contacts at the T2 and T5 levels...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118069/thigh-burns-from-exploding-e-cigarette-lithium-ion-batteries-first-case-series
#12
K J Nicoll, A M Rose, M A A Khan, O Quaba, A G Lowrie
E-cigarette (EC) use has risen meteorically over the last decade. The majority of these devices are powered by re-chargeable lithium ion batteries, which can represent a fire hazard if damaged, over-heated, over-charged or stored inappropriately. There are currently no reports in the medical literature of lithium ion battery burns related to EC use and no guidance on the appropriate management of lithium ion battery associated injuries. We report two individual cases of burn resulting from explosion of EC re-chargeable lithium ion batteries...
June 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047272/nutritional-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-acute-corrosive-intoxication-in-adults
#13
Andon Chibishev, Velo Markoski, Ivica Smokovski, Emilija Shikole, Aleksandra Stevcevska
INTRODUCTION: Acute intoxications with corrosive substances can cause severe chemical injuries of the upper gastrointestinal tract, most often located in the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum. If a patient survives the acute phase of intoxication, regenerative response may result in esophageal and/or gastric stenosis, and increased risk of esophageal and gastric cancer. Such intoxication may be fatal due to perforation or tracheal necrosis. Enteral nutrition is a nutritional method when nutritional substances are administered through specially designed tubing placed through the nose or percutaneously, directly into the GIT...
February 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013752/challenges-in-anaesthetic-management-of-a-child-for-thoracoscopic-assisted-oesophageal-replacement
#14
K R Chandrakala, Bindu Nagaraj, D V Bhagya, Y R Chandrika
The loss of oesophageal length or obliteration of oesophageal lumen due to stricture acquired by accidental caustic ingestion is more common in children that may require major operative reconstruction. A number of procedures have been developed for anatomic replacement of oesophagus of which thoracoscopic assisted gastric transposition has shown the best outcome in children. This demands an extensive pre-operative evaluation, preparation and anaesthetic management since this is challenging and prolonged procedure done under one lung ventilation (OLV)...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011596/surgical-management-of-benign-coloesophageal-stricture-a-novel-technique
#15
Amitabha Chakrabarti, Niranjan Maity, Forqan Shaikh, Tarshid Jahangir
Benign coloesophageal anastomotic stricture in postoperative colon bypass patients suffering from the corrosive stricture of the upper esophagus is a challenging problem. Failure of repeated endoscopic balloon dilatation makes way for revisional operative techniques like free jejunal grafts or interposition skin tube based on radial vessels. The situation arising from the morbidity of such reconstructive procedures, at times, becomes more complex than the stricture itself [1]. This clinical scenario has compelled us to innovate with a much simpler technique using buccal mucosal graft (BMG) to manage these strictures...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822961/is-rigid-endoscopy-necessary-with-childhood-corrosive-ingestion-a-retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-458-cases
#16
O Bosnalı, S Moralıoğlu, A Celayir, O Z Pektaş
The aim of this study was to determine the necessity of endoscopy in cases in which a corrosive substance was ingested and to find a practical way to avoid unnecessary endoscopies for similar cases in the future. The clinical records of 458 hospitalized cases with clinical histories of corrosive substance ingestion between January 2007 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The demographics of the cases, the ingested substances, and the rigid endoscopy findings were evaluated. The three most commonly ingested corrosive agents were household bleach (22...
January 29, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819610/a-nationwide-population-based-study-of-corrosive-ingestion-in-taiwan-incidence-gender-differences-and-mortality
#17
Chuan-Mei Chen, Yueh-Chin Chung, Li-Hung Tsai, Yi-Chen Tung, Horng-Mo Lee, Mei-Ling Lin, Hsin-Li Liu, Woung-Ru Tang
Corrosive injury results from the intake of corrosive-acid-based chemicals. However, this phenomenon is limited to a small number of cases and cannot be extrapolated to the epidemiology of corrosive injuries in actual situations. This study focuses on the annual incidence of corrosive injury and its connection to gender, risk factors, and in-hospital mortality. All patients with corrosive injury (ICD-9 947.0-947.3) were identified using a nationwide inpatient sample from 1996 until 2010. Chi-squared tests and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine risk factors of gender differences and in-hospital mortality of corrosive injury...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774109/aetiological-spectrum-of-benign-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-india-new-trends
#18
Sudhir Maharshi, Amarender Singh Puri, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Ajay Kumar, Ashok Dalal, Manish Gupta
There is a paucity of data on the spectrum of benign gastric outlet obstruction in India. Our aim was to evaluate its spectrum and to identify the subgroup which would be most amenable to endoscopic therapy. We studied 64 patients whose aetiology revealed in approximately equal proportions: corrosive injury; gastroduodenal tuberculosis (TB); and peptic ulcer disease. The median number of endoscopic dilations required was two for TB, four for peptic ulcer disease and five for corrosive injury. Gastroduodenal TB and corrosive injury appear now to be more, or at least as, common as peptic ulcer disease as causes of benign gastric outlet obstruction in India...
January 15, 2016: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26713537/-research-progress-of-self-assembled-monolayer-in-biomedical-metallic-materials
#19
REVIEW
Jian Wang, Zhi-wen Zhu, Guo-hua Xu, Yue An
Because of the excellent mechanical properties, biocompatibility and reasonable prices, biomedical metallic materials are widely used in the manufacture of vascular stents, heart valve membrane, artificial joints and other body implants. However, the physiological environment in the body is very complex, the long-term embedding of the metal implants may result in corrosion or some nonspecific effects. The properties of medical metal surfaces may decay, which can cause serious injury to human body. By means of the self-assembled monolayer(SAM) technology, the physical and chemical properties of the medical metal surfaces can be modified, and through the SAM medium, some functional materials can be grafted on the metal surfaces, which can largely improve the stability and compatibility of implants in the body, and find wide applications in promoting cell adhesion, improving hemocompatibility, inhibiting bacteria growth, and constructing drug delivery coatings...
September 2015: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26582190/perioperative-evaluation-of-patient-outcomes-after-severe-acid-corrosive-injury
#20
Ming-Ho Wu, Han-Yun Wu
We reviewed 64 patients with perforation or full-thickness injury of the alimentary tract after acid ingestion. Based on our classification of laparotomy findings, there were class I (n = 15); class II (n = 13); class III (n = 16); and class IV (n = 20). Study parameters were preoperative laboratory data, gastric perforation, associated visceral injury, and extension of the injury. End points of the study were the patients' mortality and length of hospital stay. All these patients underwent esophagogastrectomy with (n = 16) or without (n = 24) concomitant resection, esophagogastroduodenojejunectomy with (n = 4) or without (n = 13) concomitant resection, and laparotomy only (n = 7)...
2015: Surgery Research and Practice
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