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Transgender disparities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#1
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#2
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845517/omitted-data-in-randomized-controlled-trials-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-review-of-the-inclusion-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity
#3
Nicholas C Heck, Lucas A Mirabito, Kelly LeMaire, Nicholas A Livingston, Annesa Flentje
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the frequency with which randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of behavioral and psychological interventions for anxiety and depression include data pertaining to participant sexual orientation and nonbinary gender identities. METHOD: Using systematic review methodology, the databases PubMed and PsycINFO were searched to identify RCTs published in 2004, 2009, and 2014. Random selections of 400 articles per database per year (2,400 articles in total) were considered for inclusion in the review...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832028/human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-disparities-among-transgender-persons
#4
Roberto Luzzati, Cristina Maurel, Nicola Pavan, Marta Zatta, Carlo Trombetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783887/provision-of-patient-centered-transgender-care
#5
REVIEW
Nancy W Selix, Stefan Rowniak
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals have unique health care needs and experience health disparities. There is an increased need for transgender health care services and primary care for this underserved population. However, provision of appropriate health care services for transgender persons requires cultural competency and skill on the part of the health care provider, and providers need specific skills to address the needs of this population. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed by accessing CINAHL, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731969/gender-and-sexual-health-care-of-transgender-patients
#6
Ronni Hayon
Transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals experience significant health disparities. They are more likely to use drugs and alcohol, smoke, be diagnosed with HIV infection or other sexually transmitted infections, and experience depression or attempt suicide. Many also experience discrimination within the health care system. Office-level strategies to create a safe and affirming space for gender-expansive patients include posting of a nondiscrimination statement, use of intake forms that ask about current gender identity and birth-assigned sex, provision of gender-neutral restrooms, and staff training in use of appropriate language...
October 2016: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706875/patient-perspectives-on-answering-questions-about-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-an-integrative-review
#7
R I Bjarnadottir, W Bockting, D Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the health care setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in healthcare. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of this data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671960/addressing-health-disparities-via-coordination-of-care-and-interprofessional-education-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-and-oral-health-care
#8
REVIEW
Stefanie Russell, Frederick More
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648790/caring-for-the-transgender-individual
#9
Carol A Sedlak, Amy J Veney, Margaret OʼBryan Doheny
Issues about transgender individuals (TIs) as a disparate population are now being more openly discussed in the general public. However, healthcare providers often express feeling uncomfortable in interacting with TIs because they have not been educated about care of TIs and often base their care on insensitive stereotyping. The purpose of this informational article is to provide a foundation of knowledge for nurses and healthcare professionals for providing competent patient-centered care for TIs. Topics discussed include a description of the transgender population, commonly used terms to describe TIs, health risks and healthcare needs of TIs, and how to provide quality healthcare for TIs...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587944/barriers-to-care-for-transgender-people-a-conversation-with-dana-hines-phd-msn-rn
#10
Donna J Biederman, Dana Hines
A public health nurse talks about her career trajectory, her entry into nursing research, and her research career in transgender health. Transgender people encounter many health and social disparities, yet medical and nursing professionals are often ill-prepared to care for this population of individuals. The nursing profession is well known for its contributions to population health and for developing nursing-led interventions to improve the health outcomes of marginalized populations. Hines urges nursing to take a more active stance in transgender health and is leading this effort by example...
May 2016: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544457/the-mental-health-of-transgender-youth-advances-in-understanding
#11
Maureen D Connolly, Marcus J Zervos, Charles J Barone, Christine C Johnson, Christine L M Joseph
This review provides an update on the growing body of research related to the mental health of transgender youth that has emerged since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine report on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. The databases PubMed and Ovid Medline were searched for studies that were published from January 2011 to March 2016 in English. The following search terms were used: transgender, gender nonconforming, gender minority, gender queer, and gender dysphoria. Age limits included the terms youth, child, children, teenager*, and adolescen*...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542688/heavy-episodic-drinking-among-transgender-persons-disparities-and-predictors
#12
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer, Mostafa Shokoohi
BACKGROUND: Drawing on a survey of transgender people in Canada's most populous province, we estimate the frequency of heavy episodic drinking (HED), compare HED prevalence to the age-standardized background population, and examine associations with socio-demographics, gender transition, and social exclusion. METHODS: 433 transgender persons aged 16+ completed a respondent-driven sampling survey in 2009-2010. Analyses were weighted using RDS II methods, including frequencies and prevalence ratios...
October 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530417/disparities-between-online-assisted-reproduction-patient-education-for-same-sex-and-heterosexual-couples
#13
Helen Jin, Shoumita Dasgupta
STUDY QUESTION: Does the prevalence of online education in fertility center websites differ for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) couples compared to online education for heterosexual couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: This review of fertility center websites showed that the majority of websites with patient education for heterosexual couples do not have similar materials for LGBT couples. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In order to have biologically related children, LGBT individuals or couples utilize assisted reproductive technologies (ART)...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475254/perceived-distress-tolerance-accounts-for-the-covariance-between-discrimination-experiences-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-adults
#14
Lorraine R Reitzel, Nathan Grant Smith, Ezemenari M Obasi, Margot Forney, Adam M Leventhal
Sexual orientation-related discrimination experiences have been implicated in elevated rates of anxiety symptoms within sexual minority groups. Theory suggests that chronic discrimination experiences may dampen the ability to tolerate distress, increasing vulnerability for anxiety. This study examined the role of distress tolerance, or the capacity to withstand negative emotions, as a construct underlying associations between discriminatory experiences and anxiety among sexual minority adults. Participants (N=119;Mage=36...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458498/coaching-mental-health-peer-advocates-for-rural-lgbtq-people
#15
Cathleen E Willging, Tania Israel, David Ley, Elise M Trott, Catherine DeMaria, Aaron Joplin, Verida Smiley
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) people are affected by mental health disparities, especially in rural communities. We trained peer advocates in rural areas in the fundamentals of mental health, outreach, education, and support for this population. The peer advocates were coached by licensed mental health professionals. We evaluated this process through iterative qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews and written logs from coaches and advocates. The six major themes comprising the results centered on (1) coaching support, (2) peer advocate skills and preparation, (3) working with help seekers, (4) negotiating diversity, (5) logistical challenges in rural contexts, and (6) systemic challenges...
2016: Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429189/integrated-and-gender-affirming-transgender-clinical-care-and-research
#16
Sari L Reisner, Asa Radix, Madeline B Deutsch
Transgender (trans) communities worldwide, particularly those on the trans feminine spectrum, are disproportionately burdened by HIV infection and at risk for HIV acquisition/transmission. Trans individuals represent an underserved, highly stigmatized, and under-resourced population not only in HIV prevention efforts but also in delivery of general primary medical and clinical care that is gender affirming. We offer a model of gender-affirmative integrated clinical care and community research to address and intervene on disparities in HIV infection for transgender people...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397919/program-design-for-healthy-weight-in-lesbian-and-bisexual-women-a-ten-city-prevention-initiative
#17
Sarah C Fogel, Jane A McElroy, Samantha Garbers, Cheryl McDonnell, Jacquetta Brooks, Michele J Eliason, Natalie Ingraham, Ann Osborn, Nada Rayyes, Sarah Davis Redman, Susan F Wood, Suzanne G Haynes
PURPOSE: Adult lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are more likely to be obese than adult heterosexual women. To address weight- and fitness-related health disparities among older LB women using culturally appropriate interventions, the Office on Women's Health (OWH) provided funding for the program, Healthy Weight in Lesbian and Bisexual Women (HWLB): Striving for a Healthy Community. This paper provides a description of the interventions that were implemented. METHODS: Five research organizations partnered with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community organizations to implement healthy weight interventions addressing the needs of LB women 40 years and older...
July 7, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389527/inhospitable-healthcare-spaces-why-diversity-training-on-lgbtqia-issues-is-not-enough
#18
Megan A Dean, Elizabeth Victor, Laura Guidry Grimes
In an effort to address healthcare disparities in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) populations, many hospitals and clinics institute diversity training meant to increase providers' awareness of and sensitivity to this patient population. Despite these efforts, many healthcare spaces remain inhospitable to LGBTQ patients and their loved ones. Even in the absence of overt forms of discrimination, LGBTQ patients report feeling anxious, unwelcome, ashamed, and distrustful in healthcare encounters...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369374/-it-s-for-us-newcomers-lgbtq-persons-and-hiv-positive-persons-you-feel-free-to-be-a-qualitative-study-exploring-social-support-group-participation-among-african-and-caribbean-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-newcomers-and-refugees-in-toronto-canada
#19
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nakia Lee-Foon, Shannon Ryan, Hope Ramsay
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and refugees often face marginalization and struggles meeting the social determinants of health (SDOH) following immigration to countries such as Canada. Social isolation is a key social determinant of health that may play a significant role in shaping health disparities among LGBT newcomers and refugees...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322039/understanding-and-addressing-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-disparities-among-transgender-persons
#20
Clare Barrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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