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Transgender disparities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177977/research-disparities-in-female-to-male-transgender-genital-reconstruction-the-charge-for-high-quality-data-on-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#1
Jordan D Frey, Grace Poudrier, Michael V Chiodo, Alexes Hazen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166581/a-student-led-introduction-to-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-for-first-year-medical-students
#2
Andrea M Grosz, Daniel Gutierrez, Andrea A Lui, Julia J Chang, Kathy Cole-Kelly, Henry Ng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals face significant health disparities. This is in part because many physicians are not sensitive to, and/or are underprepared to address, LGBT-specific concerns. To help meet this need, we, a group of second- and fourth-year medical students with faculty oversight, organized a session on LGBT health for first-year medical students. METHODS: The three second-year and one fourth-year student authors designed a mandatory session for the 167 first-years at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, OH...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161034/impact-of-social-determinants-of-health-on-medical-conditions-among-transgender-veterans
#3
John R Blosnich, Mary C Marsiglio, Melissa E Dichter, Shasha Gao, Adam J Gordon, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Michael J Fine
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals experience pronounced disparities in health (e.g., mood disorders, suicide risk) and in the prevalence of social determinants of housing instability, financial strain, and violence. The objectives of this study were to understand the prevalence of social determinants among transgender veterans and assess their associations with medical conditions. METHODS: This project was a records review using administrative data from the U...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160894/addressing-health-care-disparities-among-sexual-minorities
#4
REVIEW
Kesha Baptiste-Roberts, Ebele Oranuba, Niya Werts, Lorece V Edwards
There is evidence of health disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual populations. Although the focus of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health research has been human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted infection among men who have sex with men, there are health disparities among sexual minority women. Using the minority stress framework, these disparities may in part be caused by individual prejudice, social stigma, and discrimination. To ensure equitable health for all, there is urgent need for targeted culturally sensitive health promotion, cultural sensitivity training for health care providers, and intervention-focused research...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160786/advancing-health-equity-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-people-through-sexual-health-education-and-lgbt-affirming-health-care-environments
#5
Alex S Keuroghlian, Kevin L Ard, Harvey J Makadon
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people face pervasive health disparities and barriers to high-quality care. Adequate LGBT sexual health education for emerging health professionals is currently lacking. Clinical training programs and healthcare organisations are well poised to start addressing these disparities and affirming LGBT patients through curricula designed to cultivate core competencies in LBGT health as well as health care environments that welcome, include and protect LGBT patients, students and staff...
February 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#6
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#7
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075699/outcome-and-impact-evaluation-of-a-transgender-health-course-for-health-profession-students
#8
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea QuiƱones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
February 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075643/transgender-population-size-in-the-united-states-a-meta-regression-of-population-based-probability-samples
#9
Esther L Meerwijk, Jae M Sevelius
BACKGROUND: Transgender individuals have a gender identity that differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. The population size of transgender individuals in the United States is not well-known, in part because official records, including the US Census, do not include data on gender identity. Population surveys today more often collect transgender-inclusive gender-identity data, and secular trends in culture and the media have created a somewhat more favorable environment for transgender people...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075632/transgender-population-size-in-the-united-states-a-meta-regression-of-population-based-probability-samples
#10
Esther L Meerwijk, Jae M Sevelius
BACKGROUND: Transgender individuals have a gender identity that differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. The population size of transgender individuals in the United States is not well-known, in part because official records, including the US Census, do not include data on gender identity. Population surveys today more often collect transgender-inclusive gender-identity data, and secular trends in culture and the media have created a somewhat more favorable environment for transgender people...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069854/for-many-served-by-the-ryan-white-hiv-aids-program-disparities-in-viral-suppression-decreased-2010-14
#11
Rupali K Doshi, John Milberg, Theresa Jumento, Tracy Matthews, Antigone Dempsey, Laura W Cheever
For twenty-five years, the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program has supported a comprehensive system of health services for vulnerable and under- or uninsured people living with HIV. Using data from the Health Resources and Services Administration about people living with HIV and served by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, we found reductions in disparities in viral suppression rates between 2010 and 2014-with rates for Blacks/African Americans, adolescents and young adults, and people living in the South becoming more similar to rates for Whites, older adults, and people in other regions of the United States, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029727/building-nurses-capacity-to-address-health-inequities-incorporating-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-content-in-a-family-nurse-practitioner-programme
#12
Charles T Yingling, Karen Cotler, Tonda L Hughes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience in incorporating lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health content into the family nurse practitioner curriculum at a Midwestern college of nursing in the United States. BACKGROUND: Globally, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people face disparities in the domains of physical health, behavioural risks, mental health and victimisation. There remains a paucity of nursing research on most aspects of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health and access to care...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029539/disordered-weight-management-behaviors-nonprescription-steroid-use-and-weight-perception-in-transgender-youth
#13
Carly E Guss, David N Williams, Sari L Reisner, S Bryn Austin, Sabra L Katz-Wise
PURPOSE: Disordered weight management behaviors are prevalent among youth; recent case reports suggested that these behaviors might also be common in transgender youth. We studied associations of gender identity with disordered weight management behaviors, nonprescription steroid use, and weight perception among transgender and cisgender (nontransgender) high-school students in Massachusetts. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2013 Massachusetts Youth Health Survey, an anonymous survey in a random sample of Massachusetts public high schools...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007056/mental-health-disparities-among-canadian-transgender-youth
#14
Jaimie F Veale, Ryan J Watson, Tracey Peter, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: This study documented the prevalence of mental health problems among transgender youth in Canada and made comparisons with population-based studies. This study also compared gender identity subgroups and age subgroups (14-18 and 19-25). METHODS: A nonprobability sample of 923 transgender youth from Canada completed an online survey. Participants were recruited through community organizations, health care settings, social media, and researchers' networks...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001287/mental-health-and-the-transgender-population
#15
Tamar C Carmel, Laura Erickson-Schroth
Although research into the physical and mental health disparities faced by transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) populations is becoming more popular, historically it has been limited. It is now recognized that TGNC people experience disproportionate rates of negative mental health outcomes relative to both their gender-normative, heterosexual peers, as well as their gender-normative lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. The theoretical basis of current transgender mental health research is rooted in the Minority Stress Model, which postulates that we live in a hetero-centric, gender-normative society that stigmatizes and discriminates against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, subjecting them to chronic stress (Hendricks & Testa, 2012; Meyer, 1995)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#16
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#17
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#18
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845517/omitted-data-in-randomized-controlled-trials-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-review-of-the-inclusion-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity
#19
Nicholas C Heck, Lucas A Mirabito, Kelly LeMaire, Nicholas A Livingston, Annesa Flentje
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the frequency with which randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of behavioral and psychological interventions for anxiety and depression include data pertaining to participant sexual orientation and nonbinary gender identities. METHOD: Using systematic review methodology, the databases PubMed and PsycINFO were searched to identify RCTs published in 2004, 2009, and 2014. Random selections of 400 articles per database per year (2,400 articles in total) were considered for inclusion in the review...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832028/human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-disparities-among-transgender-persons
#20
Roberto Luzzati, Cristina Maurel, Nicola Pavan, Marta Zatta, Carlo Trombetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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