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Shaken baby

Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
A J Nicholson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Paul G Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
A Ledoyen, V Bresson, J-C Dubus, S Tardieu, P Petit, B Chabrol, E Bosdure
INTRODUCTION: Even if there are HAS (French National Health Authority) guidelines on shaken baby syndrome, many other child abuse situations are not included in these recommendations. The aim of this study was to invent the complementary exams in cases of child abuse in France and compare the practice to existing guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a multicenter study by email to 128 French hospitals (35 university hospitals and 93 general hospitals) that receives children in emergency and hospitalization settings...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
J Weickenmeier, R de Rooij, S Budday, P Steinmann, T C Ovaert, E Kuhl
UNLABELLED: Brain stiffness plays an important role in neuronal development and disease, but reported stiffness values vary significantly for different species, for different brains, and even for different regions within the same brain. Despite extensive research throughout the past decade, the mechanistic origin of these stiffness variations remains elusive. Here we show that brain tissue stiffness is correlated to the underlying tissue microstructure and directly proportional to the local myelin content...
September 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Sandeep K Narang, Cynthia Estrada, Sarah Greenberg, Daniel Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current general acceptance within the medical community of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), abusive head trauma (AHT), and several alternative explanations for findings commonly seen in abused children. STUDY DESIGN: This was a survey of physicians frequently involved in the evaluation of injured children at 10 leading children's hospitals. Physicians were asked to estimate the likelihood that subdural hematoma, severe retinal hemorrhages, and coma or death would result from several proposed mechanisms...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Urszula Marcinkowska, Kinga Tyrala, Monika Paniczek, Martyna Ledwon, Jadwiga Josko-Ochojska
BACKGROUND: Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), currently functioning as Abusive Head Trauma (AHT), is a form of violence against children mainly under 2 years of age. The number of SBS might be underestimated, as many cases of violence remain unreported. The aim of the study was evaluation of the state of knowledge of the SBS phenomenon, its scale and diagnostic methods among parents, medical staff and medical students. METHODS: 639 people were examined: 39% of parents, 32,5% medical staff members and 28,5% of medical students...
June 8, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Leslie Rideout
The objective of this study was to assess nurses' perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of implementation of the shaken baby syndrome (SBS)/abusive head trauma (AHT) public policy. A legislative Act providing for the prevention of SBS/AHT was passed in Massachusetts in November 2006. A stipulation of this Act was the provision of a program to educate parents/guardians of newborns about SBS/AHT prevention. A quantitative, cross-sectional research design with a qualitative component was used for this study...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
W Reith, U Yilmaz, C Kraus
The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) or shaking trauma describes the occurrence of subdural hematoma, retinal hemorrhage and diffuse injury to the brain by vigorous shaking of an infant that has a poor prognosis. Rapid cranial acceleration and deceleration leads to tearing of bridging veins, retinal hemorrhages and diffuse brain injuries. In addition to clinical symptoms, such as irritability, feeding difficulties, somnolence, apathy, seizures, apnea and temperature regulation disorders, vomiting also occurs due to increased intracranial pressure...
May 2016: Der Radiologe
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Amy A Gelfand
This article reviews the evidence for an association between infant colic and migraine. Infant colic, or excessive crying in an otherwise healthy and well-fed infant, affects approximately 5%-19% of infants. Multiple case-control studies, a cross-sectional study, and a prospective cohort study have all found an association between infant colic and migraine. Although infant colic is often assumed to have a gastrointestinal cause, several treatment trials aimed at gastrointestinal etiologies have been negative...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Hiroshi Karibe, Motonobu Kameyama, Toshiaki Hayashi, Ayumi Narisawa, Teiji Tominaga
The number of cases with child abuse is increasing in Japan, and abusive head trauma (AHT) is a major cause of death in abused children. Child abuse has been recognized by the late 19th century, and widely accepted as battered child syndrome in the middle of the 20th century. As terms, there had been considerable mechanistic controversies between shaken-baby and -impact syndrome until the beginning of the 21st century. In recent years, AHT has been utilized as a less mechanistic term. Most of the characteristics of AHT in Japan have been similar to those in the United States as follows: infant is the most common victim, acute subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common intracranial lesion, and retinal hemorrhage is often complicated...
May 15, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Patrick Kelly, Kati Wilson, Aqeela Mowjood, Joshua Friedman, Peter Reid
AIM: To describe and evaluate a shaken baby prevention programme trialled in the Auckland District Health Board from January 2010, to December 2011. METHOD: Development and implementation of the programme, telephone survey of a sample of caregivers and written survey of a sample of providers. RESULTS: At least 2,592 caregivers received the trial programme. 150 (6%) were surveyed by telephone a median of 6 weeks later. 128 (85%) remembered at least one key message, unprompted; most commonly "It's OK to walk away" (94/150, 63%)...
February 19, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Karuna Shekdar
"Shaken baby syndrome" is a term often used by the physicians and public to describe abusive trauma inflicted on infants and young children. Advances in the understanding of the mechanisms and the associated clinical spectrum of injury has lead us to modify our terminology and address it as "abusive trauma" (AT). Pediatric abusive head trauma is defined as an injury to the skull or intracranial contents of an infant or a young child (< 5 y age) due to inflicted blunt impact and/or violent shaking. This chapter focuses on the imaging aspects of childhood abusive trauma along with a brief description of the mechanism and pathophysiology of abusive injury...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Steven C Gabaeff
There is a controversy in child abuse pediatrics between an established corps of child abuse pediatricians aligned with hospital colleagues and law enforcement, and a multi-specialty challenger group of doctors and other medical professionals working with public interest lawyers. The latter group questions the scientific validity of the core beliefs of child abuse pediatricians and believes that there are a substantial number of false accusations of abuse occurring. An unproven primary hypothesis, crafted around 1975 by a small group of pediatricians with an interest in child abuse, lies at the foundation of child abuse pediatrics...
January 2016: Legal Medicine
A Fieß, S Dithmar, R Kölb-Keerl, A Kunze, M Riße, M Knuf, J Bauer
This report describes the case of a 10-month-old infant, who was delivered to our hospital by the emergency physician intubated and in an unclear unconscious state. The father reported that the child had fallen from the couch to the ground. The consulted ophthalmologist reported venous stasis in both eyes including intraretinal and preretinal bleeding in all four quadrants, a diffuse vitreous hemorrhage in the right eye and temporal retinal wrinkling in both eyes. Based on these particular clinical findings a shaken baby syndrome was suspected...
August 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Michael I Seider, Du Tran-Viet, Cynthia A Toth
PURPOSE: To describe a case of vitrectomy for nonclearing vitreous hemorrhage in shaken baby syndrome and the utility of intraoperative hand-held optical coherence tomography to distinguish a macular hole from a pseudo-hole. METHODS: Case report of a 4-month-old girl. RESULTS: After clearing of media opacity by vitrectomy, an apparent macular hole was seen with the operating microscope. However, this was shown to be only a pseudo-hole by intraoperative hand-held optical coherence tomography, requiring no further treatment...
2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Miriam Nuño, Lindsey Pelissier, Kunal Varshneya, Matthew A Adamo, Doniel Drazin
OBJECT Head trauma is the leading cause of death in abused children, particularly prior to the age of 2 years. An awareness of factors associated with this condition as well as with a higher risk of mortality is important to improve outcomes and prevent the occurrence of these events. The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes and factors associated with poor outcomes in infants with diagnosed abusive head trauma (AHT). Patient characteristics, socioeconomic factors, and secondary conditions such as retinal bleeding, contusion, and fractures were considered...
July 31, 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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