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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533569/the-influence-of-concrete-support-on-child-welfare-program-engagement-progress-and-recurrence
#1
Whitney L Rostad, Tia McGill Rogers, Mark J Chaffin
Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532397/a-systematic-review-of-factors-that-shape-implementation-of-mass-drug-administration-for-lymphatic-filariasis-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Adam Silumbwe, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Hikabasa Halwindi, Choolwe Jacobs, Jessy Zgambo, Rosalia Dambe, Mumbi Chola, Gershom Chongwe, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors surrounding the implementation process of mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis (MDA for LF) elimination programmes is critical for successful implementation of similar interventions. The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region records the second highest prevalence of the disease and subsequently several countries have initiated and implemented MDA for LF. Systematic reviews have largely focused on factors that affect coverage and compliance, with less attention on the implementation of MDA for LF activities...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#3
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531302/effects-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation-on-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-pregnant-and-newly-postpartum-women
#4
Ivori Zvorsky, Joan M Skelly, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Financial incentives for smoking cessation increase smoking abstinence and decrease Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores among depression-prone pregnant and postpartum women. The present study is a secondary analysis using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) to examine whether this treatment impacts a broader array of mood and anxiety symptoms. Methods: Participants (N = 253) were pregnant cigarette smokers who participated in four controlled clinical trials examining the efficacy of financial incentives for smoking cessation...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531288/an-evaluation-of-systemic-reforms-of-public-hospitals-the-sanming-model-in-china
#5
Hongqiao Fu, Ling Li, Mingqiang Li, Chunyu Yang, William Hsiao
Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have been searching for effective strategies to reform their inefficient and wasteful public hospitals. Recently, China developed a model of systemic reforms called the Sanming model to address the inefficiency and waste at public hospitals. In this article, we explain and evaluate how the Sanming model reformed its 22 public hospitals in 2013 by simultaneously restructuring the hospital governance structure, altering the payment system to hospitals, and realigning physicians' incentives...
May 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531094/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-exercise-and-nutrition-program-for-older-adults-texercise-select
#6
Olufolake Odufuwa Akanni, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
The wide-spread dissemination of evidence-based programs that can improve health outcomes among older populations often requires an understanding of factors influencing community adoption of such programs. One such program is Texercise Select, a community-based health promotion program previously shown to improve functional health, physical activity, nutritional habits and quality of the life among older adults. This paper assesses the cost-effectiveness of Texercise Select in the context of supportive environments to facilitate its delivery and statewide sustainability...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529018/effects-of-anandamide-administration-on-components-of-reward-processing-during-free-choice
#7
Luke C Zona, Benjamin R Fry, Jacob A LaLonde, Howard C Cromwell
Previous research has implicated the positive modulation of anandamide, an endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, on feeding behavior. Anandamide is particularly noteworthy as it acts as an endogenous ligand of the CB1 receptor, the same receptor that is activated by tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive component in Cannabis sativa. Cannabis legalization in North America has presented with a need to study endocannabinoid agonists and their effects on behavior. Much has yet to be determined in terms of the role of the endocannabinoid system in decision-making scenarios...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528426/building-a-bio-based-industry-in-the-middle-east-through-harnessing-the-potential-of-the-red-sea-biodiversity
#8
REVIEW
Jens Nielsen, John Archer, Magbubah Essack, Vladimir B Bajic, Takashi Gojobori, Ivan Mijakovic
The incentive for developing microbial cell factories for production of fuels and chemicals comes from the ability of microbes to deliver these valuable compounds at a reduced cost and with a smaller environmental impact compared to the analogous chemical synthesis. Another crucial advantage of microbes is their great biological diversity, which offers a much larger "catalog" of molecules than the one obtainable by chemical synthesis. Adaptation to different environments is one of the important drives behind microbial diversity...
May 20, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527502/selection-and-implementation-of-an-electronic-health-record
#9
REVIEW
Grant S Fletcher, Thomas H Payne
Electronic health records (EHRs) are now the standard of practice in most communities, because of transition to reimbursement that increasingly focuses on risk sharing and quality measurement, and government EHR incentive programs. The selection and implementation of an EHR is one of the most important decisions a practice faces. Organizing the search for an EHR that fits a practice, negotiating a contract, planning and successfully implementing an EHR are best accomplished with a well-informed, strong, multidisciplinary team using project management techniques...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526019/mass-anti-malarial-administration-in-western-cambodia-a-qualitative-study-of-factors-affecting-coverage
#10
Christopher Pell, Rupam Tripura, Chea Nguon, Phaikyeong Cheah, Chan Davoeung, Chhouen Heng, Lim Dara, Ma Sareth, Arjen Dondorp, Lorenz von Seidlein, Thomas J Peto
BACKGROUND: Mass anti-malarial administration has been proposed as a key component of the Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategy in the Greater Mekong sub-Region. Its effectiveness depends on high levels of coverage in the target population. This article explores the factors that influenced mass anti-malarial administration coverage within a clinical trial in Battambang Province, western Cambodia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with villagers, in-depth interviews with study staff, trial drop-outs and refusers, and observations in the communities...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525558/electronic-clinical-quality-measure-reporting-challenges-findings-from-the-medicare-ehr-incentive-program-s-controlling-high-blood-pressure-measure
#11
Dawn M Heisey-Grove, Hilary K Wall, Janet S Wright
Objective: To identify physician and practice characteristics associated with high clinical and technical performance on the electronic clinical quality measure (eCQM) that calculates the proportion of patients with hypertension who have controlled blood pressure. Materials and Methods: The study included 268 602 physicians participating in the Medicare Electronic Health Record Incentive Program between 2011 and 2014. Independent variables included delivery reform participation and physician, practice level, and area characteristics...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524898/influenza-adherence-tool-kit-implementation-and-evaluation-among-allogeneic-hematopoietic-transplantation-recipients%C3%A2
#12
Tracy Krimmel, Rajat Bannerji, Maribel Borysyuk, Susan M Schneider
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic transplantation is associated with significant complications, such as influenza, a common virus in the post-transplantation setting that can be detrimental to patients. Therefore, patients should adhere to influenza vaccinations.
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this project were to improve influenza adherence rates from 2015-2016, to increase transplantation recipients' knowledge of the importance of vaccination, and to evaluate the barriers to and facilitators of adherence rates to influenza vaccinations...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521767/the-impact-of-an-m-health-financial-incentives-program-on-the-physical-activity-and-diet-of-australian-truck-drivers
#13
Nicholas D Gilson, Toby G Pavey, Olivia Rl Wright, Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J Duncan, Sjaan Gomersall, Stewart G Trost, Wendy J Brown
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are high in truck drivers and have been linked to work routines that promote inactivity and poor diets. This feasibility study examined the extent to which an m-Health financial incentives program facilitated physical activity and healthy dietary choices in Australian truck drivers. METHODS: Nineteen men (mean [SD] age = 47.5 [9.8] years; BMI = 31.2 [4.6] kg/m(2)) completed the 20-week program, and used an activity tracker and smartphone application (Jawbone UP™) to regulate small positive changes in occupational physical activity, and fruit, vegetable, saturated fat and processed/refined sugar food/beverage choices...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517949/cognitive-behavioral-treatments-for-criminogenic-thinking-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-within-the-veterans-health-administration
#14
Daniel M Blonigen, Allison L Rodriguez, Luisa Manfredi, Andrea Nevedal, Joel Rosenthal, James F McGuire, David Smelson, Christine Timko
Cognitive-behavioral treatments for criminogenic thinking (i.e., antisocial cognitions, attitudes, and traits) are regarded as best practices for reducing criminal recidivism among justice-involved adults. However, the barriers and facilitators to implementation of these treatments within large health care systems such as the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) are largely unknown. To address this gap, we conducted qualitative interviews with 22 Specialists from the VHA's Veterans Justice Programs who had been trained in a cognitive-behavioral treatment for criminogenic thinking (i...
May 18, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514277/a-commitment-contract-to-achieve-virologic-suppression-in-poorly-adherent-patients-with-hiv-aids
#15
Marcella Alsan, John Beshears, Wendy S Armstrong, James J Choi, Brigitte C Madrian, Minh Ly T Nguyen, Carlos Del Rio, David Laibson, Vincent C Marconi
OBJECTIVE: Assess whether a commitment contract informed by behavioral economics leads to persistent virologic suppression among HIV-positive patients with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. DESIGN: Single-center pilot randomized clinical trial, plus a non-randomized control group. SETTING: Publicly-funded HIV clinic in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. INTERVENTION: The study involved three arms. (i) Participants in the provider visit incentive arm received $30 after attending each scheduled provider visit...
May 16, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511791/-usefulness-of-the-budget-and-the-balanced-scorecard-in-managing-primary-care-centres-impact-on-staff-motivation
#16
Juan Manuel Ramón-Jerónimo, Raquel Flórez-López, Natalia Domínguez-Lario
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the utility perceived by managers of centers of primary care about management tools (budget and balanced scorecard), together their impact on human resources motivation. DESIGN: Qualitative study (case study) based on grounded theory performed between January and June 2014. LOCATION: Units of Clinical Management of Primary Health (UGCAP) in Metropolitan Health Area of Seville, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: UGCAP managers and Health Area (CEO) managers...
May 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511653/processes-and-challenges-of-community-mobilisation-for-latrine-promotion-under-nirmal-bharat-abhiyan-in-rural-odisha-india
#17
Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Marion W Jenkins, Thomas Clasen, Wolf-Peter Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to eradicate it, open defecation remains widely practiced in India, especially in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2014, 50 villages in one district of Odisha, India, received a sanitation programme under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA - "Clean India Campaign"), the successor of India's Total Sanitation Campaign. This paper documents the strategies and processes of NBA community mobilisation for latrine promotion in these villages and assesses the strengths and limitations of the mobilisation activities...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511495/barriers-encountered-by-accredited-social-health-activists-asha-in-arthritis-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#18
Sidhiprada Mohapatra, Girish Nandakumar, Senthil Kumaran Dharmaraj
INTRODUCTION: Healthy behaviour through education of individuals with arthritis is the mainstay of long term management. Time and access constraints restrict medical professionals from active involvement in arthritis education in the community. Reaching the community through the Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) is the plan of action operational in India. Hence, the factors encountered by ASHAs while delivering arthritis education programs need to be studied. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of ASHAs while delivering arthritis education program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509696/on-top-index-pollicization-after-a-partial-amputation-of-a-syndactylized-hypoplastic-thumb-in-a-patient-with-townes-brocks-syndrome
#19
Mia Lorencin, Kresimir Bulic
Townes-Brocks syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by multiple malformations, including thumb anomalies. Thumb hypoplasia poses a specific problem, where a deficient thumb creates a significant handicap in hand function. The treatment goal is enabling pinch and grip activity, and the preferred procedure for a severely hypoplastic thumb is index finger pollicization. We present a case of on-top index pollicization in a 10-year-old, after a partial amputation of a previously syndactylized hypoplastic thumb, with a well-formed first carpometacarpal joint...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508667/professionals-perspectives-on-a-market-inspired-policy-reform-a-guiding-light-to-the-blind-spots-of-measurement
#20
Sara Korlén, Isis Amer-Wåhlin, Peter Lindgren, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz
Implementation of market-inspired competition and incentive models in health care is increasing worldwide, assumed to drive efficiency. However, the evidence for effects is mixed and unintended consequences have been reported. There is a need to better understand the practical consequences of such reforms. The aim of the present case study is to explore what consequences of a Swedish market-inspired patient choice reform professionals identify as relevant, and why. The study was designed as an explorative qualitative study in specialized orthopedics...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
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