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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743164/decisions-to-attend-and-drink-at-party-events-the-effects-of-incentives-and-disincentives-and-lifetime-alcohol-and-antisocial-problems
#1
Peter R Finn, Kyle Gerst, Allison Lake, Tim Bogg
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders are associated with patterns of impulsive/risky decision making on behavioral economic decision tasks, but little is known about the factors affecting drinking-related decisions. METHODS: The effects of incentives and disincentives to attend and drink at hypothetical alcohol-related party events as a function of lifetime (LT) alcohol and antisocial problems were examined in a sample of 434 young adults who varied widely in LT alcohol and antisocial problems...
July 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740617/supply-side-and-demand-side-policies-for-biosimilars-an-overview-in-10-european-member-states
#2
Cécile Rémuzat, Anna Kapuśniak, Aleksandra Caban, Dan Ionescu, Guerric Radière, Cyril Mendoza, Mondher Toumi
This study aimed to provide an overview of biosimilar policies in 10 EU MSs. Methods: Ten EU MS pharmaceutical markets (Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the UK) were selected. A comprehensive literature review was performed to identify supply-side and demand-side policies in place in the selected countries. Results: Supply-side policies for biosimilars commonly include price linkage, price re-evaluation, and tendering; the use of internal or external reference pricing varies between countries; health technology assessment is conducted in six countries...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740616/unlocking-the-potential-of-established-products-toward-new-incentives-rewarding-innovation-in-europe
#3
Gabrielle Nayroles, Sandrine Frybourg, Sylvie Gabriel, Åsa Kornfeld, Fernando Antoñanzas-Villar, Jaime Espín, Claudio Jommi, Nello Martini, Gérard de Pouvourville, Keith Tolley, Jürgen Wasem, Mondher Toumi
Background: Many established products (EPs - marketed for eight years or more) are widely used off-label despite little evidence on benefit-risk ratio. This exposes patients to risks related to safety and lack of efficacy, and healthcare providers to liability. Introducing new indications for EPs may represent a high societal value; however, manufacturers rarely invest in R&D for EPs. The objective of this research was to describe incentives and disincentives for developing new indications for EPs in Europe and to investigate consequences of current policies...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739565/unusual-genitourinary-tract-activity
#4
Eoin MacCraith, Niall F Davis, James Forde
A 23-year-old woman presented to the emergency department after manually inserting foreign bodies into the urinary bladder through her urethra. A plain abdominal film of the kidneys, ureters and bladder confirmed three radio-opaque densities in the urinary bladder. She was taken to the operating room where cystourethroscopy was performed. At cystoscopy 2 'corn-on-the-cob' skewers and 1 battery were identified but were too large to be retrieved safely with a grasper through the protective sheath. The objects were grasped with a 'sponge-holding forceps' (placed alongside the cystoscope) and extracted one at a time...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739557/facebook-recruitment-of-vaccine-hesitant-canadian-parents-cross-sectional-study
#5
Jordan Lee Tustin, Natasha Sarah Crowcroft, Dionne Gesink, Ian Johnson, Jennifer Keelan, Barbara Lachapelle
BACKGROUND: There is concern over the increase in the number of "vaccine-hesitant" parents, which contributes to under-vaccinated populations and reduced herd immunity. Traditional studies investigating parental immunization beliefs and practices have relied on random digit dialing (RDD); however, this method presents increasing limitations. Facebook is the most used social media platform in Canada and presents an opportunity to recruit vaccine-hesitant parents in a novel manner. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the use of Facebook as a tool to reach vaccine-hesitant parents, as compared with RDD methods...
July 24, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738857/investigating-interventions-to-increase-uptake-of-hiv-testing-and-linkage-into-care-or-prevention-for-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-in-antenatal-clinics-in-blantyre-malawi-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#6
Augustine T Choko, Katherine Fielding, Nigel Stallard, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Aurelia Lepine, Nicola Desmond, Moses K Kumwenda, Elizabeth L Corbett
BACKGROUND: Despite large-scale efforts to diagnose people living with HIV, 54% remain undiagnosed in sub-Saharan Africa. The gap in knowledge of HIV status and uptake of follow-on services remains wide with much lower rates of HIV testing among men compared to women. Here, we design a study to investigate the effect on uptake of HIV testing and linkage into care or prevention of partner-delivered HIV self-testing alone or with an additional intervention among male partners of pregnant women...
July 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738821/quality-improvement-implementation-and-dissemination-strategies-to-improve-mental-health-care-for-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni L McKeeman, Leyla F Stambaugh, Robert B Christian, Bradley N Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C Kahwati, Kathleen N Lohr, Meera Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: Some outcomes for children with mental health problems remain suboptimal because of poor access to care and the failure of systems and providers to adopt established quality improvement strategies and interventions with proven effectiveness. This review had three goals: (1) assess the effectiveness of quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies intended to improve the mental health care of children and adolescents; (2) examine harms associated with these strategies; and (3) determine whether effectiveness or harms differ for subgroups based on system, organizational, practitioner, or patient characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736486/the-motivations-institutions-and-organization-of-university-industry-collaborations-in-the-netherlands
#8
Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas, Bart Verspagen
This study builds on the economics and organization literatures to explore whether and how institutions and organizational structure complement or substitute each other to create specific spaces of alignment where specific individual actors' motivations co-exist. Focusing on university-industry collaborations, the study examines whether and how different axes of alignment of university and industry motivations are integrated in projects with specific technological objectives and organizational structures, benefitting from the presence of specific institutions designed to facilitate collaboration...
2017: Journal of Evolutionary Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735969/temporal-dynamics-of-reward-anticipation-in-the-human-brain
#9
Yuanyuan Zhang, Qi Li, Zhao Wang, Xun Liu, Ya Zheng
Reward anticipation is a complex process including cue evaluation, motor preparation, and feedback anticipation. The present study investigated whether these psychological processes were dissociable on neural dynamics in terms of incentive valence and approach motivation. We recorded EEG when participants were performing a monetary incentive delay task, and found a cue-P3 during the cue-evaluation stage, a contingent negative variation (CNV) during the motor-preparation stage, and a stimulus-preceding negativity (SPN) during the feedback-anticipation stage...
July 20, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735120/outpatient-lumbar-microdiscectomy-in-france-from-an-economic-imperative-to-a-clinical-standard-an-observational-study-of-201-cases
#10
Bertrand Debono, Pascal Sabatier, Valérie Garnault, Olivier Hamel, Philippe Bousquet, Jean-Paul Lescure, Jean-Yves Plas
PURPOSE: The outpatient lumbar discectomy procedures have been established for more than two decades. However, especially in Europe, there are still obstacles to the development of these procedures, which may be related to medico-economic imperatives, and to several factors concerning both surgeons and patients. We describe our initial experience in introducing this method in our institution. METHODS: Over a three year period, 201 patients met the criteria for ambulatory lumbar microdiscectomy...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735078/revisiting-the-role-of-the-insula-and-smoking-cue-reactivity-in-relapse-a-replication-and-extension-of-neuroimaging-findings
#11
A C Janes, J M Gilman, M Radoman, G Pachas, M Fava, A E Evins
INTRODUCTION: The ability to direct smoking cessation treatment based on neuroscientific findings holds incredible promise. However, there is a strong need for consistency across studies to confirm neurobiological targets. While our prior work implicated enhanced insula reactivity to smoking cues in tobacco smoking relapse vulnerability, this finding has not been confirmed. METHOD: Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we evaluated the pre-cessation brain reactivity to smoking vs...
July 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734830/active-choice-and-financial-incentives-to-increase-rates-of-screening-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Shivan J Mehta, Jordyn Feingold, Matthew Vandertuyn, Tess Niewood, Catherine Cox, Chyke A Doubeni, Kevin G Volpp, David A Asch
Behavioral economic approaches could increase uptake for colorectal cancer screening. We performed a randomized controlled trial of 2245 employees to determine whether an email containing a phone number for scheduling (control), an email with the active choice to opt in or opt out (active choice), or the active choice email plus a $100 incentive (financial incentive) increased colonoscopy completion within 3 months. Higher proportions of participants in the financial incentive group underwent screening (3.7%) than in the control (1...
July 19, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733718/antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-next-30%C3%A2-years-humankind-bugs-and-drugs-a-visionary-approach
#13
REVIEW
Matteo Bassetti, Garyphallia Poulakou, Etienne Ruppe, Emilio Bouza, Sebastian J Van Hal, Adrian Brink
PURPOSE: To describe the current standards of care and major recent advances with regard to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and to give a prospective overview for the next 30 years in this field. METHODS: Review of medical literature and expert opinion were used in the development of this review. RESULTS: There is undoubtedly a large clinical and public health burden associated with AMR in ICU, but it is challenging to quantify the associated excess morbidity and mortality...
July 21, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733067/hospital-quality-variation-matters-a-time-trend-and-cross-section-analysis-of-outcomes-in-german-hospitals-from-2006-to-2014
#14
Christoph Pross, Reinhard Busse, Alexander Geissler
Awareness of care variation and associated differences in outcome quality is important for patients to recognize and leverage the benefits of hospital choice and for policy makers, providers, and suppliers to adapt initiatives to improve hospital quality of care. We examine panel data on outcome quality in German hospitals between 2006 and 2014 for cholecystectomy, pacemaker implantation, hip replacement, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stroke, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We use risk-adjusted and unadjusted outcomes based on 16 indicators...
July 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732147/financial-incentives-and-health-coaching-to-improve-physical-activity-following-total-knee-replacement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Elena Losina, Jamie E Collins, Bhushan R Deshpande, Savannah R Smith, Griffin L Michl, Ilana M Usiskin, Kristina M Klara, Amelia R Winter, Heidi Y Yang, Faith Selzer, Jeffrey N Katz
OBJECTIVE: Most persons who undergo total knee replacement (TKR) do not increase their physical activity following surgery. We assessed whether financial incentives and health coaching would improve physical activity in persons undergoing TKR. METHODS: We designed a factorial randomized controlled trial among persons undergoing TKR for osteoarthritis. Subjects underwent normal perioperative procedures, including post-operative physical therapy, and were assigned to one of four arms: attention control, telephonic health coaching (THC), financial incentives (FI), or THC+FI...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732040/perceptions-of-arab-men-regarding-female-breast-cancer-screening-examinations-findings-from-a-middle-east-study
#16
Tam Truong Donnelly, Al-Hareth Al-Khater, Salha Bujassoum Al-Bader, Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari, Mariam Ali Abdul Malik, Nabila Al-Meer, Rajvir Singh
OBJECTIVES: In the Middle East, Qatar in particular, the incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years, and is expected to double by 2030. This diagnosis also occurs at a later stage in the disease. Early detection along with proper treatment reduces radical mastectomy and mortality rates, yet only one-third of Arab women in Qatar participate in breast cancer screening (BCS) activities of any sort. Many women in the conservative Qatari society rely on male family members for support and protection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732022/global-economic-trade-offs-between-wild-nature-and-tropical-agriculture
#17
Luis R Carrasco, Edward L Webb, William S Symes, Lian P Koh, Navjot S Sodhi
Global demands for agricultural and forestry products provide economic incentives for deforestation across the tropics. Much of this deforestation occurs with a lack of information on the spatial distribution of benefits and costs of deforestation. To inform global sustainable land-use policies, we combine geographic information systems (GIS) with a meta-analysis of ecosystem services (ES) studies to perform a spatially explicit analysis of the trade-offs between agricultural benefits, carbon emissions, and losses of multiple ecosystem services because of tropical deforestation from 2000 to 2012...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731000/appropriateness-based-reimbursement-of-elective-invasive-coronary-procedures-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-preliminary-assessment-of-feasibility-in-india
#18
Ganesan Karthikeyan, Umesh Shirodkar, Meeta Rajiv Lochan, Stephen Birch
BACKGROUND: Elective coronary interventional procedures are often overused and sometimes inappropriately used. The incentives for overuse are greater in low- and middle-income countries, where much of healthcare is provided by poorly regulated, fee-for-service systems. Overuse and inappropriate use increase healthcare costs and are potentially harmful to patients. Linking appropriate use of elective procedures to their reimbursement might deter overuse. METHODS: We explored the feasibility of introducing appropriateness criteria as a precondition to settling reimbursement claims in a publicly funded health insurance scheme in Maharashtra, India...
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730518/the-case-for-enrolling-high-cost-patients-in-an-aco
#19
Abraham Graber, Shane Carter, Asha Bhandary, Matthew Rizzo
Though accountable care organizations (ACOs) are increasingly important to American healthcare, ethical inquiry into ACOs remains in its nascent stages. Several articles have raised the concern that ACOs have an incentive to avoid enrolling high-cost patients and, thereby, have an incentive to deny care to those who need it the most. This concern is borne out by the reports of consultants working with newly formed ACOs. This paper argues that, contra initial appearances, there is no financial incentive for ACOs to avoid enrolling high-cost patients...
July 20, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729072/recycling-of-food-waste-for-fuel-precursors-using-an-integrated-bio-refinery-approach
#20
O P Karthikeyan, H T Nguyen Hao, Ali Razaghi, Kirsten Heimann
The main aim was to integrate FW-recycling with cultivation of Rhodotorula glutinis and anaerobic digestion (AD) for bio-energy and -fuel recovery. Mixed FW was mechanically macerated (Pcon) and hydrolysed (at 250gL(-1) water) via chemical (Ch), thermal (Th) and TCh (combined Ch and Th) treatments. Cleared hydrolysates from individual pre-treatment processes were used as culture medium for cultivation of R. glutinis, while the residual solids (RS) were subjected to AD. Pcon cultivation yielded maximal R. glutinis dry weight biomass (5...
June 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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