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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#1
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782296/sexual-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-in-romania
#2
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782212/national-impact-of-the-epec-pediatrics-enhanced-train-the-trainer-model-for-delivering-education-on-pediatric-palliative-care
#3
Kimberley Widger, Joanne Wolfe, Stefan Friedrichsdorf, Jason D Pole, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Stephen Liben, Mark Greenberg, Eric Bouffet, Harold Siden, Amna Husain, James A Whitlock, Myra Leyden, Adam Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Lack of pediatric palliative care (PPC) training impedes successful integration of PPC principles into pediatric oncology. OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of an enhanced implementation of the Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Pediatrics (EPEC® -Pediatrics) curriculum on the following: (1) knowledge dissemination; (2) health professionals' knowledge; (3) practice change; and (4) quality of PPC. DESIGN: An integrated knowledge translation approach was used with pre-/posttest evaluation of care quality...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781528/assessing-the-competency-and-acceptability-of-community-health-worker-provision-of-standard-days-method%C3%A2-in-family-planning-services-in-gisagara-district-rwanda
#4
Lauren VanEnk, Victoria Shelus, Catherine Mugeni, Marie Mukabatsinda, Jeannette Cachan
This study assesses the competency and acceptability of community-based provision of Standard Days Method® (SDM) to first-time users in Rwanda. The national strategy equips community health workers (CHWs) to resupply pills, injectables and condoms to existing clients. With the aim of expanding access, SDM provision to first-time users was added to the method mix in Gisagara district and assessed with a 12 month prospective, mixed methods study. Thirty percent of SDM clients had never used a method of family planning and 58 percent had not been using a method for at least three months...
May 21, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781406/analysis-of-emergency-health-care-workforce-and-service-readiness-for-a-mass-casualty-event-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#5
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Fiona Boland, Declan Patton, Tom O'Connor, Zena Moore, Sarah Schneider-Firestone
OBJECTIVE: Ultimately, a country's capacity for a large-scale major emergency response will be directly related to the competence of its health care provider (HCP) workforce and communication between emergency responders and hospitals. The purpose of this study was to assess HCP preparedness and service readiness for a major emergency involving mass casualties (mass casualty event or MCE) in Ireland. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a 53-item survey was administered to a purposive sample of emergency responders and HCPs in the Republic of Ireland...
May 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780363/microbial-community-analyses-of-the-deteriorated-storeroom-objects-in-the-tianjin-museum-using-culture-independent-and-culture-dependent-approaches
#6
Zijun Liu, Yanhong Zhang, Fengyu Zhang, Cuiting Hu, Genliang Liu, Jiao Pan
In the storeroom C7 of the Tianjin Museum, one wooden desk and two leather luggages dated back to Qing dynasty (1644-1912 AD) presented viable microbial contamination. The aim of the present study was to investigate microbial communities responsible for the biodeterioration of storeroom objects using a combination of culture-independent and culture-dependent methods as well microscopic techniques. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the microflora on three storeroom objects were characterized by a marked presence of Eurotium halophilicum ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779762/validation-of-clinical-indicators-of-the-nursing-diagnosis-of-ineffective-protection-in-adolescents-with-cancer
#7
Marília Mendes Nunes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Viviane Martins da Silva, Tânia Alteniza Leandro, Nathaly Bianka Moraes Fróes, Aline de Aquino Peres Almeida, Bianca Alves Sobreira, Vinícius Mendes Nunes, Angélica Paixão de Menezes, Gabriele de Lima Ferreira
PURPOSE: To validate the clinical indicators of the nursing diagnosis of Ineffective protection in adolescents with cancer based on diagnostic accuracy measurements. DESIGN AND METHODS: Measurements of sensitivity and specificity for the indicators were calculated using latent class analysis with random effects in a sample of 127 adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age. RESULTS: The prevalence of diagnosis was estimated at 93.7%. The indicators deficient immunity and weakness showed higher sensitivity values, whereas opportunistic infections, recurrent infections, insomnia, mucosal lesions, and coughing showed high specificity...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779186/mastoid-foramen-mastoid-emissary-vein-and-clinical-implications-in-neurosurgery
#8
Martin Hampl, David Kachlik, Katerina Kikalova, Roxane Riemer, Matej Halaj, Vlastimil Novak, Premysl Stejskal, Miroslav Vaverka, Lumir Hrabalek, David Krahulik, Ondrej Nanka
BACKGROUND: Mastoid emissary vein is especially important from the neurosurgical point of view, because it is located in variable number in the area of the occipitomastoid suture and it can become a source of significant bleeding in surgical approaches through the mastoid process, especially in retrosigmoid craniotomy, which is used for approaches to pathologies localized in the cerebellopontine angle. Ideal imaging method for diagnosis of these neglected structures when planning a surgical approach is high-resolution computed tomography...
May 20, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779008/intervention-planning-for-the-reduce-maintenance-intervention-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-reulceration-risk-among-patients-with-a-history-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#9
Kate Greenwell, Katy Sivyer, Kavita Vedhara, Lucy Yardley, Frances Game, Trudie Chalder, Gayle Richards, Nikki Drake, Katie Gray, John Weinman, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVES: To develop a comprehensive intervention plan for the REDUCE maintenance intervention to support people who have had diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) to sustain behaviours that reduce reulceration risk. METHODS: Theory-based, evidence-based and person-based approaches to intervention development were used. In phase I of intervention planning, evidence was collated from a scoping review of the literature and qualitative interviews with patients who have had DFUs (n=20)...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776399/simulation-based-power-calculations-for-planning-a-two-stage-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#10
Joie Ensor, Danielle L Burke, Kym I E Snell, Karla Hemming, Richard D Riley
BACKGROUND: Researchers and funders should consider the statistical power of planned Individual Participant Data (IPD) meta-analysis projects, as they are often time-consuming and costly. We propose simulation-based power calculations utilising a two-stage framework, and illustrate the approach for a planned IPD meta-analysis of randomised trials with continuous outcomes where the aim is to identify treatment-covariate interactions. METHODS: The simulation approach has four steps: (i) specify an underlying (data generating) statistical model for trials in the IPD meta-analysis; (ii) use readily available information (e...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775994/a-broader-understanding-of-care-managers-attitudes-of-advance-care-planning-a-concurrent-nested-design
#11
Julie Aultman, Kristin R Baughman, Ruth Ludwick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine barriers of advance care planning (ACP) experienced by care managers (CMs) through a mixed methods approach. A concurrent nested design was used to acquire a deeper understanding of ACP, and to identify nuances between quantitative and qualitative data. BACKGROUND: Past quantitative studies on providers have identified barriers related to time, culture, knowledge, responsibility, and availability of legal documents. These barriers, and accompanying attitudes and feelings, have been taken at face value without rich qualitative data to identify under what conditions and to what extent a barrier impacts care...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769096/a-methodology-for-generating-a-tailored-implementation-blueprint-an-exemplar-from-a-youth-residential-setting
#12
Cara C Lewis, Kelli Scott, Brigid R Marriott
BACKGROUND: Tailored implementation approaches are touted as more likely to support the integration of evidence-based practices. However, to our knowledge, few methodologies for tailoring implementations exist. This manuscript will apply a model-driven, mixed methods approach to a needs assessment to identify the determinants of practice, and pilot a modified conjoint analysis method to generate an implementation blueprint using a case example of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) implementation in a youth residential center...
May 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764450/evaluation-of-target-dose-inhomogeneity-in-breast-cancer-treatment-due-to-tissue-elemental-differences
#13
A Fogliata, F De Rose, A Stravato, G Reggiori, S Tomatis, M Scorsetti, L Cozzi
BACKGROUND: Monte Carlo simulations were run to estimate the dose variations generated by thedifference arising from the chemical composition of the tissues. METHODS: CT datasets of five breast cancer patients were selected. Mammary gland was delineated as clinical target volume CTV, as well as CTV_lob and CTV_fat, being the lobular and fat fractions of the entire mammary gland. Patients were planned for volumetric modulated arc therapy technique, optimized in the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system...
May 15, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763632/lack-of-value-of-juvenile-animal-toxicity-studies-for-supporting-the-safety-of-pediatric-oncology-phase-i-trials
#14
REVIEW
Thomas Visalli, Nancy Bower, Tushar Kokate, Paul A Andrews
Toxicity studies in juvenile animals (JAS) are sometimes performed to support clinical trials in pediatric oncology patients, and there are differing conclusions on the value of JAS for pediatric drug development. This manuscript provides a review of the pediatric clinical data for 25 molecularly-targeted and 4 biologic anticancer therapeutics. Other publications that evaluated the value of JAS in pediatric drug development focus on differences in toxicity between juvenile animals and adult animals. The present paper examines pediatric-specific clinical findings to focus on dose setting in pediatric oncology patients and safety monitoring in terms of the potential value of JAS...
May 12, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760581/educational-program-for-middle-level-public-health-nurses-to-develop-new-health-services-regarding-community-health-needs-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Takafumi Katayama, Misa Shiomi, Noriko Hosoya
Background: Developing health services is a key strategy for improving the community health provided by public health nurses. However, an effective educational program for improving their skills in planning such services has not been developed. To describe our program and its evaluation protocol for the education of middle-level public health nurses to improve their skills in developing new health services to fulfil community health needs in Japan. Methods: In this randomized control trial, eligible participants in Japan will be randomly allocated to an intervention group and a control wait-list group...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758864/analysis-of-the-environmental-behavior-of-farmers-for-non-point-source-pollution-control-and-management-in-a-water-source-protection-area-in-china
#16
Yandong Wang, Jun Yang, Jiping Liang, Yanfang Qiang, Shanqi Fang, Minxue Gao, Xiaoyu Fan, Gaihe Yang, Baowen Zhang, Yongzhong Feng
The environmental behavior of farmers plays an important role in exploring the causes of non-point source pollution and taking scientific control and management measures. Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the present study investigated the environmental behavior of farmers in the Water Source Area of the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project in China. Results showed that TPB could explain farmers' environmental behavior (SMC=0.26) and intention (SMC=0.36) well. Furthermore, the farmers' attitude towards behavior (AB), subjective norm (SN), and perceived behavioral control (PBC) positively and significantly influenced their environmental intention; their environmental intention further impacted their behavior...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757842/asthma-action-plans-in-the-adult-population-rediscovering-an-invaluable-tool-in-today-s-health-care-domain
#17
Jack Mayeux, Krysten Lisella Arekapudi, Azita Amiri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Asthma in adults remains a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. Asthma action plans (AAPs) have demonstrated improved health outcomes in this populace; however, AAPs continue to be underused by providers. This article aims to re-emphasize the importance of AAPs for adults and refresh providers on the effectiveness and methods to use this indispensable tool. METHODS: A literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and CINAHL was performed, and subsequent findings were reported...
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752924/emergency-contraception-supply-in-australian-pharmacies-after-the-introduction-of-ulipristal-acetate-a-mystery-shopping-mixed-methods-study
#18
Jack Charles Collins, Carl Richard Schneider, Rebekah Jane Moles
OBJECTIVE: To explore the supply of emergency contraception (EC) from Australian community pharmacies after the introduction of ulipristal acetate (UPA), and to explore pharmacists' knowledge, decision-making, attitudes, and beliefs surrounding supplying EC. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach of mystery shopping with structured interview was employed. From August-November 2017, 20 pharmacy students mystery-shopped 10 community pharmacies in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, requesting "the morning after pill"...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748460/experiences-and-opinions-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-regarding-a-self-regulation-based-ehealth-intervention-targeting-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#19
Louise Poppe, Geert Crombez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Celien Van der Mispel, Samyah Shadid, Maïté Verloigne
Background: Online interventions targeting a healthy lifestyle in adults with type 2 diabetes are more effective when informed by behaviour change theories. Although these theories provide guidance in developing the content of an intervention, information regarding how to present this content in an engaging way is often lacking. Consequently, incorporating users’ views in the creation of eHealth interventions has become an important target. Methods: Via a qualitative interview study with 21 adults with type 2 diabetes who had completed an online self-regulation-based intervention (‘MyPlan 2...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747405/development-of-a-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-cancer-framework-a-shared-process-to-guide-effective-policy-and-practice
#20
Jenny Brands, Gail Garvey, Kate Anderson, Joan Cunningham, Jennifer Chynoweth, Isabella Wallington, Bronwyn Morris, Vikki Knott, Samantha Webster, Lauren Kinsella, John Condon, Helen Zorbas
Indigenous Australians experience a substantially higher cancer mortality rate than non-Indigenous Australians. While cancer outcomes are improving for non-Indigenous Australians, they are worsening for Indigenous Australians. Reducing this disparity requires evidence-based and culturally-appropriate guidance. The purpose of this paper is to describe an initiative by Cancer Australia and Menzies School of Health Research (Menzies) to develop Australia’s first National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cancer Framework using a process of co-design with relevant stakeholders...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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