keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Knowledge based planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150418/immune-enhancing-formulas-for-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-esophagectomy-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Astrid Naranjo, Elizabeth Isenring, Laisa Teleni
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with an esophageal cancer can potentially be compromised with postoperative leaks or fistulae if patients' nutritional status is in a vulnerable stage. Currently in Australia, there is a growing need for clinicians to know whether use of immune-enhancing formulas (IEFs) containing Arg, omega-3, and RNA are a cost-effective approach compared with isonitrogenous-isocaloric formulas to reduce postoperative infectious complications in esophagectomy patients. Since IEFs may carry higher costs, this has led to inconsistencies in practice among clinicians and hospitals...
November 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149853/cost-of-delivering-health-care-services-at-primary-health-facilities-in-ghana
#2
Maxwell Ayindenaba Dalaba, Paul Welaga, Chieko Matsubara
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on the cost of delivering health services at primary health care facilities in Ghana which is posing a challenge in resource allocations. This study therefore estimated the cost of providing health care in primary health care facilities such as Health Centres (HCs) and Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) in Ghana. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and quantitative data was collected from the health provider perspective...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#3
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143283/evaluation-of-sequential-spect-and-ct-for-targeted-radionuclide-therapy-dosimetry
#4
Tiantian Li, Nien-Yun Wu, Na Song, Greta S P Mok
PURPOSE: In targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT), a prior knowledge of the absorbed dose biodistribution is essential for pre-therapy treatment planning. Previously, we showed that non-rigid organ-by-organ registration in sequential quantitative SPECT images improved dose estimation. This study aims to investigate if sequential CT can further improve TRT dosimetric accuracy. METHODS: We simulated SPECT/CT acquisitions at 1, 12, 24, 72 and 144 h In-111 Zevalin post-injection using an analytical MEGP projector, modeling attenuation, scatter and collimator-detector response...
November 15, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139208/a-knowledge-based-approach-to-automated-planning-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Yujie Zhang, Tingting Li, Han Xiao, Weixing Ji, Ming Guo, Zhaochong Zeng, Jianying Zhang
PURPOSE: To build a knowledge-based model of liver cancer for Auto-Planning, a function in Pinnacle, which is used as an automated inverse intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning system. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty Tomotherapy patients were enrolled to extract the dose-volume histograms (DVHs) information and construct the protocol for Auto-Planning model. Twenty more patients were chosen additionally to test the model. Manual planning and automatic planning were performed blindly for all twenty test patients with the same machine and treatment planning system...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138875/variant-course-of-extensor-pollicis-brevis-tendon-in-the-third-extensor-compartment
#6
Shiro Sugiura, Yusuke Matsuura, Takane Suzuki, Satoru Nishikawa, Chisato Mori, Kazuki Kuniyoshi
INTRODUCTION: According to the anatomical literature, the extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) tendon passes through the first compartment and enters the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb. There have been a few reports on the different types of supernumerary EPB tendons; however, an unusual course of the EPB tendon is extremely rare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During routine cadaveric dissection in the Department of Gross Anatomy, we detected an variant EPB muscle in a 96-year-old fresh female cadaver...
November 14, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137143/evaluation-of-a-mass-media-campaign-to-increase-the-awareness-of-the-need-to-reduce-discretionary-salt-use-in-the-south-african-population
#7
Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Krisela Steyn, Carl Lombard, Anniza De Villiers, Karen Charlton, Sabine Frielinghaus, Christelle Crickmore, Vash Mungal-Singh
The South African strategic plan to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes reducing population salt intake to less than 5 g/day. A mass media campaign was undertaken to increase public awareness of the association between high salt intake, blood pressure and CVD, and focused on the reduction of discretionary salt intake. Community based surveys, before and after the campaign, were conducted in a cohort of black women aged 18-55 years. Questions on knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding salt use were asked...
November 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#8
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132874/combining-serum-microrna-and-ca-125-as-prognostic-indicators-of-preoperative-surgical-outcome-in-women-with-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer
#9
Jaynish S Shah, Gregory B Gard, Jean Yang, Jayne Maidens, Susan Valmadre, Patsy S Soon, Deborah J Marsh
OBJECTIVES: The most widely used approach for the clinical management of women with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is surgery, followed by platinum and taxane based chemotherapy. The degree of macroscopic disease remaining at the conclusion of surgery is a key prognostic factor determining progression free and overall survival. We sought to develop a non-invasive test to assist surgeons to determine the likelihood of achieving complete surgical resection. This knowledge could be used to plan surgical approaches for optimal clinical management...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132620/identifying-and-prioritizing-the-tools-techniques-of-knowledge-management-based-on-the-asian-productivity-organization-model-apo-to-use-in-hospitals
#10
Hamid Khajouei, Reza Khajouei
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate knowledge, correct information, and relevant data are vital in medical diagnosis and treatment systems. Knowledge Management (KM) through its tools/techniques provides a pertinent framework for decision-making in healthcare systems. The objective of this study was to identify and prioritize the KM tools/techniques that apply to hospital setting. METHODS: This is a descriptive-survey study. Data were collected using a -researcher-made questionnaire that was developed based on experts' opinions to select the appropriate tools/techniques from 26 tools/techniques of the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) model...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132357/mapping-multiple-components-of-malaria-risk-for-improved-targeting-of-elimination-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Justin M Cohen, Arnaud Le Menach, Emilie Pothin, Thomas P Eisele, Peter W Gething, Philip A Eckhoff, Bruno Moonen, Allan Schapira, David L Smith
There is a long history of considering the constituent components of malaria risk and the malaria transmission cycle via the use of mathematical models, yet strategic planning in endemic countries tends not to take full advantage of available disease intelligence to tailor interventions. National malaria programmes typically make operational decisions about where to implement vector control and surveillance activities based upon simple categorizations of annual parasite incidence. With technological advances, an enormous opportunity exists to better target specific malaria interventions to the places where they will have greatest impact by mapping and evaluating metrics related to a variety of risk components, each of which describes a different facet of the transmission cycle...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131812/an-improved-distance-to-dose-correlation-for-predicting-bladder-and-rectum-dose-volumes-in-knowledge-based-vmat-planning-for-prostate-cancer
#12
Phillip D H Wall, Robert L Carver, Jonas D Fontenot
The overlap volume histogram (OVH) is an anatomical metric commonly used to quantify the geometric relationship between an organ at risk (OAR) and target volume when predicting expected dose-volumes in knowledge-based planning (KBP). This work investigated the influence of additional variables contributing to variations in the assumed linear DVH-OVH correlation for the bladder and rectum in VMAT plans of prostate patients, with the goal of increasing prediction accuracy and achievability of knowledge-based planning methods...
November 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131765/comprehensive-cross-sectional-imaging-of-the-pulmonary-veins
#13
Cameron Hassani, Farhood Saremi
The pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, but their importance to the radiologist extends far beyond this seemingly straightforward function. The anatomy of the pulmonary veins is variable among patients, with several noteworthy variant and anomalous patterns, including supernumerary pulmonary veins, a common ostium, anomalous pulmonary venous return, and levoatriocardinal veins. Differences in pulmonary vein anatomy and the presence of variant or anomalous anatomy can be of critical importance, especially for preoperative planning of pulmonary and cardiac surgery...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131704/impact-of-team-composition-on-student-perceptions-of-interprofessional-teamwork-a-6-year-cohort-study
#14
Chad Lairamore, Duston Morris, Rachel Schichtl, Lorrie George-Paschal, Heather Martens, Alexandros Maragakis, Mary Garnica, Barbara Jones, Myra Grantham, Adam Bruenger
Interprofessional education (IPE) provides students with opportunities to learn about the roles and responsibilities of other professions and develop communication and teamwork skills. As different health professions have recognised the importance of IPE, the number of disciplines participating in IPE events is increasing. Consequently, it is important to examine the effect group structure has on the learning environment and student knowledge acquisition during IPE events. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of group composition on student perceptions of interprofessional teamwork and collaboration when participating in a case-based IPE forum...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129522/increasing-the-safety-of-surgical-treatment-for-complex-cranio-vertebral-anomalies-using-customized-3d-printed-models
#15
Kataria Rashim, K Verma Pawan, V D Sinha
Surgery for the Cranio-vertebral (CV) junction anomalies using top loading subocciput (C0)/C1-C2 screws is difficult and requires high level of skill and expertise. This is because of complex abnormal anatomy in that region and other issues including the instrumentation. Thorough knowledge of the 3D anatomy of the Craniovertebral junction of the patient is essential for favourable outcome. The customised 3D printed model of CV junction region of the patient can be used for studying the anatomy and relationship of vertebral artery to the C1-C2 joint before the actual surgery...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129270/patient-centeredness-of-integrated-care-programs-for-people-with-multimorbidity-results-from-the-european-icare4eu-project
#16
Iris van der Heide, Sanne Snoeijs, Sabrina Quattrini, Verena Struckmann, Anneli Hujala, François Schellevis, Mieke Rijken
INTRODUCTION: This paper aims to support the implementation of patient-centered care for people with multimorbidity in Europe, by providing insight into ways in which patient-centeredness is currently shaped in integrated care programs for people with multimorbidity in European countries. METHODS: In 2014, expert organizations in 31 European countries identified 200 integrated care practices ('programs') in 25 countries of which 123 were included in our study. Managers of 112 programs from 24 countries completed a questionnaire about characteristics and results of the program, including questions on elements of patient-centeredness...
November 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122076/a-systematic-review-of-secondary-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks
#17
Neeraja Konuthula, Mohemmed N Khan, Anthony Del Signore, Satish Govindaraj, Raj Shrivastava, Alfred M Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Secondary cerebrospinal leaks (CSF) are leaks that recur after an initial endoscopic repair of CSF leaks. Identification of characteristics that could predict secondary leaks may allow surgeons to plan repairs with the knowledge that these defects are more likely to fail. OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics that could predict secondary CSF leaks. METHODS: A search of all studies that reported outcomes after endoscopic repair of CSF leaks was conducted by using medical literature data bases...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121792/are-you-covered-associations-between-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-knowledge-and-preventive-reproductive-service-use
#18
Ashlee N Sawyer, Melissa A Kwitowski, Eric G Benotsch
PURPOSE: Sexual and reproductive health conditions (eg, infections, cancers) represent public health concerns for American women. The present study examined how knowledge of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) relates to receipt of preventive reproductive health services among women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: Online questionnaires were completed via Amazon Mechanical Turk, a crowdsourcing website where individuals complete web-based tasks for compensation...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120662/comparison-of-mri-visualisation-between-linearly-placed-iron-containing-and-non-iron-containing-fiducial-markers-for-prostate-radiotherapy
#19
Osamu Tanaka, Hisao Komeda, Masayoshi Tamaki, Kensaku Seike, Shota Fujimoto, Eiichi Yama, Shigeki Hirose, Masayuki Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: Visualising the gold marker (GM) in CT and MRI is critical, especially for registration in high-precision radiotherapy. GM sizes vary. Large markers are easily visualised in MRI. Small GMs show fewer artefacts in CT but are harder to detect in MRI because the signal is influenced by metal in MRI. Therefore, we compared MRI visualisation between linearly placed new iron-containing marker and non-iron containing marker. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients underwent CT/MRI fusion-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120312/a-strategic-approach-to-workforce-development-for-local-public-health
#20
Beverley Bryant, Megan Ward
SETTING: In 2009, Peel Public Health set a vision to transform the work of public health from efficient delivery of public health services as defined by provincial mandate to the robust analysis of the health status of the local population and selection and implementation of programming to achieve best health outcomes. A strategic approach to the workforce was a key enabler. PPH is a public health unit in Ontario that serves 1.4 million people. INTERVENTION: An organization-wide strategic workforce development program was instituted...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
keyword
keyword
70524
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"