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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938046/the-value-that-infectious-diseases-physicians-bring-to-the-healthcare-system
#1
Daniel P McQuillen, Ann T MacIntyre
While a career in infectious diseases (ID) has always been challenging and exciting, recognition of the value that ID physicians provide to the healthcare system as a whole, over and above the value they provide to individual patients, has been poor in this system. In response to this disparity, the Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Affairs Committee has long endeavored to quantify the value of ID physicians to the system, which is challenging in part because of the many avenues through which they influence healthcare...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936937/-informal-care-in-dementia-and-the-power-of-social-health
#2
M Vernooij-Dassen, A de Boer, M E de Vugt, F J M Meiland, R M Dröes
- In this article, we describe the current state of affairs with respect to informal care for people with dementia. We focus on the impact of informal care on the caregiver, caregiving strategies and effective ways to support informal caregivers, including e-health and technological support.- Informal care for people with dementia is intense and has consequences, both positive and negative: 78% of informal caregivers has good feelings about the care they give, but 15% feels heavily burdened.- A stimulating and supportive approach creates a positive and safe environment...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931486/caring-for-the-veteran-military-and-family-member-nursing-competencies-strategies-for-integrating-content-into-nursing-school-curricula
#3
Libba Reed McMillan, David Crumbley, Julie Freeman, Marilyn Rhodes, Michele Kane, Joy Napper
In the United States, one in every 15 persons is a Veteran (U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2016; U. S. News & World Report, 2017). An estimated 27% of these Veterans receive healthcare through the Veteran's Health Administration (VHA), leaving 73% to seek care in civilian hospitals (Bagalman, 2014). Realistically, most nurses in the United States will care for military members, Veterans or family members in a variety of healthcare systems and settings. Nurse educators are positioned to lead efforts in providing nursing students with the knowledge necessary to provide competent care and serve as advocates for our nation's heroes...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925855/to-share-or-not-to-share-a-cross-sectional-study-on-health-information-sharing-and-its-determinants-among-chinese-rural-chronic-patients
#4
Hang Fu, Dong Dong, Da Feng, Zhifei He, Shangfeng Tang, Qian Fu, Zhanchun Feng
To examine the determinants of the health information sharing among rural Chinese chronic patients. Two large population-based surveys in rural China were carried out from July 2011 to April 2012. Data used in this study were second hand and sorted out from the two previous databases. A binary logistic regression analysis was employed to discover the impact of demographic characteristics, level of health literacy, and other factors on respondents' health information sharing behavior. Among the total 1,324 participants, 63...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923804/cabinet-shuffle-brings-seismic-shifts-to-indigenous-affairs-health
#5
Lauren Vogel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916254/development-of-a-natural-language-processing-engine-to-generate-bladder-cancer-pathology-data-for-health-services-research
#6
Florian R Schroeck, Olga V Patterson, Patrick R Alba, Erik A Pattison, John D Seigne, Scott L DuVall, Douglas J Robertson, Brenda Sirovich, Philip P Goodney
OBJECTIVE: To take a first step towards assembling population based cohorts of bladder cancer patients with longitudinal pathology data, we developed and validated a natural language processing (NLP) engine that abstracts pathology data from full text pathology reports. METHODS: Using 600 bladder pathology reports randomly selected from the Department of Veterans Affairs, we developed and validated an NLP engine to abstract data on histology, invasion (presence versus absence and depth), grade, presence of muscularis propria, and presence of carcinoma in situ...
September 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914272/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cpr-decision-support-video-for-patients-admitted-to-the-general-medicine-service
#7
Aimee M Merino, Ryan Greiner, Kristopher Hartwig
BACKGROUND: Patient preferences regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are important, especially during hospitalization when a patient's health is changing. Yet many patients are not adequately informed or involved in the decision-making process. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of an informational video about CPR on hospitalized patients' code status choices. DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized trial conducted at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System in Minnesota...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#8
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910949/-china-hainan-centenarian-cohort-study-study-design-and-preliminary-results
#9
Y He, F X Luan, Y Yao, S S Yang, H G Xie, J Li, M Liu, J H Wang, L Wu, Q Zhu, X P Chen, C X Ning, L N Wang, X Y Li, S B Zhang, F Zhang, Y L Zhao
Objective: To investigate the health status, functional ability, mental psychology, health care and other longevity-related characteristics of individuals aged ≥100 years as well as risk factors in Hainan province, China. Methods: China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study (CHCCS) is a community-based, prospective cohort study to establish multi-dimensional database consisting of questionnaire findings, anthropometric parameters and biological specimens as well as imaging features. With the household registration information provided by the Department of Civil Affairs of Hainan province, a baseline survey was conducted in centenarians in 18 counties in Hainan with the oldest old in 5 counties as controls between 2014 and 2017...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899438/facilitators-and-barriers-to-preparedness-partnerships-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center-perspective
#10
Susan Schmitz, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand facilitators and barriers faced by local US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) emergency managers (EMs) when collaborating with non-VA entities. METHODS: Twelve EMs participated in semi-structured interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes discussing their collaboration with non-VAMC organizations. Sections of the interview transcripts concerning facilitators and barriers to collaboration were coded and analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899394/a-two-state-comparative-implementation-of-peer-support-intervention-to-link-veterans-to-health-related-services-after-incarceration-a-study-protocol
#11
Molly M Simmons, Benjamin G Fincke, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Bo Kim, Tom Byrne, David Smelson, Kevin Casey, Marsha L Ellison, Christy Visher, Jessica Blue-Howells, D Keith McInnes
BACKGROUND: Approximately 600,000 persons are released from prison annually in the United States. Relatively few receive sufficient re-entry services and are at risk for unemployment, homelessness, poverty, substance abuse relapse and recidivism. Persons leaving prison who have a mental illness and/or a substance use disorder are particularly challenged. This project aims to create a peer mentor program to extend the reach and effectiveness of reentry services provided by the Department of Veterans' Affairs (VA)...
September 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899261/nursing-home-referral-within-the-veterans-health-administration-practice-variation-by-payment-source-and-facility-type
#12
Edward Alan Miller, Stefanie Gidmark, Emily Gadbois, James L Rudolph, Orna Intrator
Veterans enrolled within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) may receive nursing home (NH) care in VHA-operated Community Living Centers (CLCs), State Veterans Homes (SVHs), or community NHs, which may or may not be under contract with the VHA. This study examined VHA staff perceptions of how Veterans' eligibility for VA and other payment impacts NH referrals within VA Medical Centers (VAMCs). Thirty-five semistructured interviews were performed with discharge planning and contracting staff from 12 VAMCs from around the country...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894554/exploring-the-adaptive-experiences-of-children-with-parents-of-myocardial-infarction-a-qualitative-study
#13
Tahere Hashemifard, Ali Akbar Vaezi, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy, Tahere Kamalikhah, Mehdi Khankolabi, Abbas Andishmand, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the world's leading cause of mortality. These diseases are rooted in an unhealthy lifestyle. In order to confront this subject, it is essential to identify several risk factors that contribute to heart disease (HD) in people with different attitudes, values, beliefs, expectations and motivations. This study was therefore an attempt to explain the adaptive experiences of children whose parents were involved in myocardial infarction since they were more likely subjected to get the so-called disease...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891153/a-randomized-trial-of-off-site-collaborative-care-for-depression-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus
#14
Fasiha Kanwal, Jeffrey M Pyne, Shahriar Tavakoli-Tabasi, Susan Nicholson, Brian Dieckgraefe, Erma Storay, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Jennifer R Kramer, Donna Smith, Shubhada Sansgiry, Aylin Tansel, Allen L Gifford, Steven M Asch
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a collaborative depression care model in improving depression and hepatitis C virus (HCV) care. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Hepatitis C virus clinic patients who screened positive for depression at four Veterans Affairs Hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: We compared off-site depression collaborative care (delivered by depression care manager, pharmacist, and psychiatrist) with usual care in a randomized trial...
September 11, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886664/effectiveness-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-and-prolonged-exposure-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#15
Benjamin T Rutt, Mary E Oehlert, Thomas S Krieshok, James W Lichtenberg
Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in conditions reflective of current clinical practice within the Veterans Health Administration. Method This study involved a retrospective review of 2030 charts. A total of 750 veterans from 10 U.S. states who received cognitive processing therapy or prolonged exposure in individual psychotherapy were included in the study (participants in cognitive processing therapy, N = 376; participants in prolonged exposure, N = 374)...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885968/diagnosing-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-veterans-veterans-affair-s-concordance-with-clinical-guidelines-for-spirometry-administration
#16
Aaron I Schneiderman, Deborah D Dougherty, Vincent P Fonseca, Charles L Wolters, Robert M Bossarte, Mehrdad Arjomandi
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can slow disease progression. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)/Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG), established to improve patient outcomes, recommend the use of spirometry in the COPD diagnostic process. The aims of this study were to assess VA health care providers' performance related to CPG-recommended spirometry administration in the evaluation of newly diagnosed COPD among veterans, determine the patient characteristics that may influence the adherence rate, and compare VA concordance rates to those of other health plans...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885930/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-impact-on-weight-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-veterans-with-mental-illness
#17
Jillian M Tessier, Zachary D Erickson, Hilary B Meyer, Matthew R Baker, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Crystal Kwan, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Gerhard Hellemann, Melissa M Lewis, Charles Nguyen, Neena Sachinvala, Binyamin Amrami, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with mental illness tend to have shorter life spans and suboptimal physical health because of a variety of factors. These factors include poor nutrition, being overweight, and smoking cigarettes. Nonphysical contributors that may affect quality of life are the stigma associated with mental illness, social difficulties, and spiritual crises. Current mental health treatment focuses primarily on the delivery of medication and evidence-based psychotherapies, which may not affect all the above areas of a Veteran's life as they focus primarily on improving psychological symptoms...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884254/elderly-onset-and-adult-onset-ulcerative-colitis-are-more-similar-than-previously-reported-in-a-nationwide-cohort
#18
Vinayak Kumar, Yash Shah, Dhruvan Patel, Nabeel Khan
BACKGROUND: Elderly-onset ulcerative colitis (EO-UC) is recognized as a distinct subpopulation of UC. To our knowledge, there have been no nationwide studies of EO-UC populations in the USA. AIMS: We aim to characterize differences in presentation at diagnosis and clinical course between EO-UC and adult-onset UC (AO-UC) patients in a national cohort. METHODS: Complete medical records of patients newly diagnosed with UC from October 2001 to October 2011 in the Veterans Affairs health system were obtained...
September 7, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880980/progressive-tinnitus-management-level-3-skills-education-a-5-year-clinical-retrospective
#19
Catherine M Edmonds, Cheri Ribbe, Emily J Thielman, James A Henry
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether progressive tinnitus management Level 3 skills education workshops conducted at the Bay Pines and Boston Veterans Affairs hospitals result in consistent use of the presented tinnitus management strategies by patients 1-5 years after completing the workshops. Method: In fiscal year (FY) 2015, the tinnitus workshop follow-up form was mailed to all veterans who completed the Level 3 workshops between FY 2010 and FY 2014...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877694/assembling-and-validating-data-from-multiple-sources-to-study-care-for-veterans-with-bladder-cancer
#20
Florian R Schroeck, Brenda Sirovich, John D Seigne, Douglas J Robertson, Philip P Goodney
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of bladder cancer, research on optimal bladder cancer care is limited. One way to advance observational research on care is to use linked data from multiple sources. Such big data research can provide real-world details of care and outcomes across a large number of patients. We assembled and validated such data including (1) administrative data from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), (2) Medicare claims, (3) data abstracted by tumor registrars, (4) data abstracted via chart review from the national electronic health record, and (5) full text pathology reports...
September 6, 2017: BMC Urology
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