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Andrzej Czamara, Aleksandra Królikowska
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that, in patients participating in 17 weeks of postoperative physiotherapy after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), maximal isometric torque (IT) and peak torque (PT) generated by the muscles affecting the operated knee joint in the sagittal and transverse planes are not restored. We also present the application of IT and PT measurements of the muscles affecting the knee joint in 2 planes of motion. MATERIAL AND METHODS IT and PT of the knee extensor and flexor muscles and the muscles internally rotating the shin were measured in 30 males who participated in postoperative physiotherapy for 17 weeks after ACLR (ACLR group) and 30 males with no injuries (control group)...
July 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
U A Halim, D M Riding
BACKGROUND: Bullying, undermining behaviour and harassment (BUBH) have been reported in entertainment, politics and sport. Such behaviours may also be common in surgery, and are frequently associated with poor patient care and inferior outcomes. The aim was to define the prevalence and impact of this behaviour in the international surgical workplace, and to explore counterstrategies. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in August 2017...
July 14, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
Ronan Kearney, Josh Heerey, Angela Gisselman, Eoin Cunniffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Andreas Serner, Andrea Britt Mosler, Johannes L Tol, Roald Bahr, Adam Weir
BACKGROUND: Change of direction and kicking have been described as the main actions resulting in adductor longus injury. Video descriptions of inciting events are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Perform a standardised visual video analysis of a series of acute adductor longus injuries in football. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Video footage was reviewed by players, and assessed independently by five sports medicine professionals...
July 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Alexander Klug, Yves Gramlich, Johannes Buckup, Dennis Wincheringer, Reinhard Hoffmann, Kay Schmidt-Horlohé
BACKGROUND: Comminuted fractures of the proximal ulna remain a great challenge in orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to report the outcomes of comminuted proximal ulna fractures treated with a new construct type-anatomically preformed polyaxial locking compression plates. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2016, 46 patients with isolated comminuted fractures were treated with a 2.7-/3.5-mm VA-LCP Olecranon Plate (Synthes, Umkirch, Germany). Of these, 44 were available for an assessment after a mean follow-up period of 2...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Mitchell S Howard, Kristen L DiDonato, Daniel L Janovick, Michelle N Schroeder, Mary F Powers, Andrew G Azzi, Aaron J Lengel
OBJECTIVES: To identify athletes' interests in receiving advice about sports supplements from a pharmacist in a supermarket setting and to identify pharmacists' knowledge, confidence, and enthusiasm for providing counseling on various sports supplements. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were developed and administered. One survey was administered to athletes at local northwestern Ohio fitness facilities, and 1 survey was administered to pharmacists in chain pharmacies during mid-February to mid-March 2017...
July 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Christian Tapking, Daniel Popp, David N Herndon, Ludwik K Branski, Ronald P Mlcak, Oscar E Suman
PURPOSE: In burned children, exercise training increases maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) and can be combined with the nonspecific beta-blocker propranolol to decrease cardiac work. VO2 max is estimated if indirect calorimetry is not available. We compared measured and estimated VO2 max in severely burned children treated with or without propranolol to determine the suitability of commonly used formulas in these populations. METHODS: Patients received propranolol or placebo (control) during acute hospitalization...
July 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Harry Bramley, Kathryn C Foley, Ronald Williams, Mechelle M Lewis, Lan Kong, Matthew Silvis
CONTEXT: Adolescent obesity and sports-related concussion are rising in prevalence, yet there is minimal research exploring the relationship between these two conditions. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) percentile on duration of recovery and reported symptoms after sports-related concussion in adolescents. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a regional concussion program located at an academic medical center. Medical records of all patients aged 13 to 18 years treated from March 2006 through January 2012 were reviewed...
July 12, 2018: Permanente Journal
M Pluim, A Martens, K Vanderperren, S Sarrazin, M Koene, A Luciani, P R van Weeren, C Delesalle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Nicole M Gastala, Peter M Wingrove, Anne H Gaglioti, Winston Liaw, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Team-based care with health coaches has improved the quality and cost effectiveness of chronic disease management and prevention. Clinical health coaches partner with patients to identify health goals, create action plans, overcome barriers to change, reinforce physician recommendations, and coordinate care. It is important to train resident physicians to practice in team-based settings. To date, there have been no studies of resident family physician exposure to health coaches...
July 2018: Family Medicine
Paolo Palatini, Francesca Saladini, Lucio Mos, Claudio Fania, Adriano Mazzer, Edoardo Casiglia
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in youth is controversial. One main confounding factor is the strong white-coat effect often observed in ISH patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of hypertension needing pharmacological treatment in ISH identified with ambulatory 24-h blood pressure (24-h BP). METHODS: We examined 1206, 18-45-year-old participants from the Hypertension and Ambulatory Recording VEnetia STudy...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
S von Mackensen, T Hilberg, L A Valentino, K Kurnik, K Khair
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary haemophilia management recommends sport and physical activity in children with haemophilia. Assessment of subjective physical functioning requires standardized and validated instruments. AIMS: To adapt and psychometrically test the adult Haemophilia & Exercise Project-Test-Questionnaire (HEP-Test-Q) for children (aged 6-17 years). METHODS: In discussion rounds with children, single items of the adult HEP-Test-Q were reformulated to make them understandable without changing the item concept...
July 13, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
K Naidoo, R Naidoo, V Bangalee
The South African sport supplement industry has experienced rapid growth in recent years. Despite the massive market demand, this industry remains poorly regulated. From raw ingredient contamination to label compliance discrepancies, the sport supplement industry is an area of growing concern and warrants further public debate.
February 27, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Paolo Caravaggi, Alberto Leardini, Claudio Belvedere, Sorin Siegler
Head and neck injuries are common in contact sports such as American football. Different mechanisms can produce such injuries, including compressive impact forces on the crown of the helmet with the neck in a flexed chin-down position. The aim of this paper was developing and testing a novel Cervical Spine Protection Device (CSPD) designed to keep the neck within its safe physiological range. The cervical spine range of motion (ROM) of ten participants was measured under four conditions: free; wearing a football gear; wearing the CSPD; and wearing the CSPD underneath the gear...
July 13, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Hannah E Wyatt, Marianne J R Gittoes, Gareth Irwin
Female gymnasts have been evidenced to experience sport-specific growth, of which broad shoulders and narrow hips are common characteristics. In addition to being a central component of handstand performance, postural control mechanisms, including whole-body and lumbo-pelvic stability, have been identified as risk factors for overuse spinal pathology. The study aimed to develop a fundamental understanding of musculoskeletal growth and postural control responses of female artistic gymnasts in order to extend longitudinal insights into overuse spinal pathology risk...
July 13, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Luiz H S Tavares, Dennis de C Ferreira, Antonieta de Q Côrtes, Andréia G Machado, Ernani da C Abad, Eduardo J V Lourenco, Lucio S Gonçalves
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of sex, age, group of teeth, and type of accident (exposure) with dental fractures (outcome: enamel-dentine fracture without [EDF] or with pulp exposure [EDPF] and root fracture RF]). METHODS: In total, 1046 patients were selected. Logistic binary regression was used. RESULTS: The findings showed that EDF has less change of affecting individuals ≤9 years of age than ≥40 years of age (odds ratio [OR]: 0...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Jessica Trevino, Hyunglae Lee
Ankle stiffness has been known as one of the most important components contributing to the maintenance of lower body stability during postural balance and locomotion. It has been repeatedly shown that women have lower stability and increased risk of injury when compared to men participating in similar sports activities, yet sex differences in neuromuscular control of the ankle, including the modulation of ankle stiffness, and their contribution to stability remain unknown. To identify sex differences in human ankle stiffness, this study quantified multi-dimensional ankle stiffness in 20 young, healthy men and 20 young, healthy women over a range of ankle muscle contractions, from relaxed to 20% of maximum voluntary co-contraction of ankle muscles...
July 12, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Claire Gudex, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Uffe Jørgensen
Introduction: Exercise addiction is characterized by the use of physical activity to cope with emotions and mood, while sports injuries can lead to psychological distress such as depression and anxiety. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between risk of exercise addiction and psychological distress, and whether this association was modified by injury status. Methods: A cross-sectional study with injured and non-injured recreational exercisers (n = 1083)...
December 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Jonathan M Peake, Graham Kerr, John P Sullivan
The commercial market for technologies to monitor and improve personal health and sports performance is ever expanding. A wide range of smart watches, bands, garments, and patches with embedded sensors, small portable devices and mobile applications now exist to record and provide users with feedback on many different physical performance variables. These variables include cardiorespiratory function, movement patterns, sweat analysis, tissue oxygenation, sleep, emotional state, and changes in cognitive function following concussion...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Malindi van der Mheen, Ingrid M van Beynum, Karolijn Dulfer, Jan van der Ende, Eugène van Galen, Jorieke Duvekot, Lisette E Rots, Tabitha P L van den Adel, Ad J J C Bogers, Christopher G McCusker, Frank A Casey, Willem A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk for behavioral, emotional, and cognitive problems. They often have reduced exercise capacity and participate less in sports, which is associated with a lower quality of life. Starting school may present more challenges for children with CHD and their families than for families with healthy children. Moreover, parents of children with CHD are at risk for psychosocial problems. Therefore, a family-centered psychosocial intervention for children with CHD when starting school is needed...
July 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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