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Mbsr sleep

Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Heidemarie Haller, María M Winkler, Petra Klose, Gustav Dobos, Sherko Kümmel, Holger Cramer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically update the evidence for mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in women with breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In October 2016, PubMed, Scopus, and Central were searched for randomized controlled trials on MBSR/MBCT in breast cancer patients. The primary outcome was health-related quality of life. Secondary outcomes were fatigue, sleep stress, depression, anxiety, and safety...
July 7, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Cecile A Lengacher, Richard R Reich, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa B Alinat, Manolete Moscoso, Lakeshia Cousin, Victoria R Marino, Maya N Elias, Carly L Paterson, Carmen S Rodriguez, Hsiao-Lan Wang, Kevin E Kip, Hongdao Meng, Jong Y Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of delivering the mobile Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (mMBSR(BC)) program using an iPad and to evaluate its impact on symptom improvement. METHODS: A single group, pre-posttest design was implemented among female stages 0-III breast cancer survivors (BCS) who completed treatment. Data were collected at baseline and week 6 on measures of psychological and physical symptoms and quality of life...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Melissa Galliford, Stephanie Robinson, Pete Bridge, MaryAnn Carmichael
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the application of yoga for health benefits in western medicine is growing rapidly, with a significant rise in publications. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether the inclusion of yoga therapy to the treatment of breast cancer can improve the patient's physical and psychosocial quality of life (QoL). METHODS: A search of peer reviewed journal articles published between January 2009 and July 2014 was conducted. Studies were included if they had more than 15 study participants, included interventions such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or yoga therapy with or without comparison groups and had stated physical or psychological outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Richard R Reich, Cecile A Lengacher, Carissa B Alinat, Kevin E Kip, Carly Paterson, Sophia Ramesar, Heather S Han, Roohi Ismail-Khan, Versie Johnson-Mallard, Manolete Moscoso, Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Steve Shivers, Charles E Cox, Matthew Goodman, Jong Park
CONTEXT: Breast cancer survivors (BCS) face adverse physical and psychological symptoms, often co-occurring. Biologic and psychological factors may link symptoms within clusters, distinguishable by prevalence and/or severity. Few studies have examined the effects of behavioral interventions or treatment of symptom clusters. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify symptom clusters among post-treatment BCS and determine symptom cluster improvement following the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (MBSR(BC)) program...
January 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Paul Grossman, Gunnar Deuring, Harald Walach, Barbara Schwarzer, Stefan Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome characterized by severe pain, fatigue and sleep disturbance. There is evidence of central hyper-responsiveness to sensory stimulation and impaired cardiovascular autonomic control. Laboratory investigations suggest that mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) may improve autonomic functioning in FM. However, these findings may not reflect what occurs during naturalistic conditions, and MBSR studies during real-life functioning are lacking...
May 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
Autumn M Gallegos, Jan Moynihan, Wilfred R Pigeon
This secondary analysis examined changes in sleep quality associated with participation in a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program among healthy older adults. Data were collected at baseline, 8-weeks post-treatment, and a 6-month follow-up from adults aged ≥ 65 ( N = 200), randomly assigned to MBSR or a waitlist control. Group differences were examined using mixed analysis of covariance with repeated measures on the total Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score. A small-sized, significant effect was found on overall sleep among MBSR participants with baseline PSQI scores > 5, indicative of a sleep disturbance, F(2, 80) = 4...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Ricardo Tarrasch, Zohar Berman, Naama Friedmann
This study explored the effects of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) intervention on reading, attention, and psychological well-being among people with developmental dyslexia and/or attention deficits. Various types of dyslexia exist, characterized by different error types. We examined a question that has not been tested so far: which types of errors (and dyslexias) are affected by MBSR training. To do so, we tested, using an extensive battery of reading tests, whether each participant had dyslexia, and which errors types s/he makes, and then compared the rate of each error type before and after the MBSR workshop...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Shelley A Johns, Linda F Brown, Kathleen Beck-Coon, Tasneem L Talib, Patrick O Monahan, R Brian Giesler, Yan Tong, Laura Wilhelm, Janet S Carpenter, Diane Von Ah, Christina D Wagner, Mary de Groot, Karen Schmidt, Diane Monceski, Marie Danh, Jennifer M Alyea, Kathy D Miller, Kurt Kroenke
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a disruptive symptom for many survivors. Despite promising evidence for efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in reducing CRF, no trials comparing it to an active comparator for fatigued survivors have been published. The purpose of this trial was to compare MBSR to psychoeducation for CRF and associated symptoms. METHODS: Breast (n = 60) and colorectal (n = 11) cancer survivors (stage 0-III) with clinically significant CRF after completing chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy an average of 28 months prior to enrollment were randomized to MBSR or psychoeducation/support groups (PES)...
October 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Jeong Min Park, In Ryoung Choi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine a Korean Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (K-MBSR) program for middle aged women and to verify the program's effectiveness on stress, stress coping style, depression, anger and sleep. METHODS: Fifty-two women aged from 40 to 59 (26 in the experimental group and 26 in the control group) from G city participated in the study. Data were collected from February 13 to April 3, 2013. The experimental group received 8 sessions, scheduled once a week, with each session lasting two and a half hours...
April 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Seong Min Kim, Jeong Min Park, Hyun-Ju Seo
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common and significant health problem that has been linked to decreased quality of life. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can be a potentially effective intervention for insomnia. In previous systematic review examining the effects of MBSR for people with sleep disturbance, the authors highlighted the need for additional well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effects of MBSR practice. Recently, several RCTs of the effectiveness of MBSR for individuals who have difficulties in sleep have been published...
April 2, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Jason C Ong, Donald Hedeker, James K Wyatt, Rachel Manber
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel statistical technique called the location-scale mixed model that can be used to analyze the mean level and intra-individual variability (IIV) using longitudinal sleep data. METHODS: We applied the location-scale mixed model to examine changes from baseline in sleep efficiency on data collected from 54 participants with chronic insomnia who were randomized to an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; n = 19), an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Therapy for Insomnia (MBTI; n = 19), or an 8-week self-monitoring control (SM; n = 16)...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Joanne Martires, Michelle Zeidler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Insomnia is the most common reported sleep disorder with limited treatment options including pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia. Pharmacotherapy can be complicated by tolerance and significant side-effects and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia providers are limited in number. This article reviews mindfulness meditation as an additional therapy for insomnia. RECENT FINDINGS: Both mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia (MBTI) have been studied in the treatment of insomnia...
November 2015: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Jia-Xu Zhang, Xiao-Hui Liu, Xin-Hui Xie, Dan Zhao, Mo-Shui Shan, Xi-Liang Zhang, Xiao-Ming Kong, Hong Cui
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for chronic insomnia and combined depressive or anxiety symptoms of older adults aged 75 years and over. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants included 60 adults aged 75 years and over with chronic insomnia. Participants were randomly assigned to the eight-week MBSR group or the wait-list control group...
May 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Elizabeth Cash, Paul Salmon, Inka Weissbecker, Whitney N Rebholz, René Bayley-Veloso, Lauren A Zimmaro, Andrea Floyd, Eric Dedert, Sandra E Sephton
BACKGROUND: Several recent reviews have evaluated evidence on the efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) among fibromyalgia sufferers, and concluded that more research should test effects on both psychological and physiological functioning. PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized prospective trial of MBSR among female fibromyalgia patients. METHODS: Effects on perceived stress, pain, sleep quality, fatigue, symptom severity, and salivary cortisol were tested in treatment (n=51) versus wait-list control participants (n=40) using data at baseline, post-program, and 2-month follow-up...
June 2015: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Jason C Ong, Rachel Manber, Zindel Segal, Yinglin Xia, Shauna Shapiro, James K Wyatt
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of mindfulness meditation for the treatment of chronic insomnia. DESIGN: Three-arm, single-site, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four adults with chronic insomnia. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to either mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia (MBTI), or an eight-week self-monitoring (SM) condition...
September 1, 2014: Sleep
Shelley A Johns, Linda F Brown, Kathleen Beck-Coon, Patrick O Monahan, Yan Tong, Kurt Kroenke
OBJECTIVE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common, persistent, and disabling symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment. Evidence-based treatments that are acceptable to patients are critically needed. This study examined the efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for CRF and related symptoms. METHOD: A sample of 35 cancer survivors with clinically significant CRF was randomly assigned to a 7-week MBSR-based intervention or wait-list control group...
August 2015: Psycho-oncology
Cecile A Lengacher, Richard R Reich, Carly L Paterson, Heather S Jim, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa B Alinat, Pinky H Budhrani, Jerrica R Farias, Melissa M Shelton, Manolete S Moscoso, Jong Y Park, Kevin E Kip
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction for breast cancer survivors (MBSR(BC)) on multiple measures of objective and subjective sleep parameters among breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Data were collected using a two-armed randomized controlled design among BCS enrolled in either a 6-week MBSR(BC) program or a usual care (UC) group with a 12-week follow-up. The present analysis is a subset of the larger parent trial (ClinicalTrials...
April 2015: Psycho-oncology
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