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Beta cells AND osteocalcin

Yun-Yun Ma, Lin Sun, Xiu-Juan Chen, Na Wang, Peng-Fei Yi, Min Song, Bo Zhang, Yu-Zhong Wang, Qiu-Hua Liang
Vascular calcification is an active process of osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells; however, its definite mechanism remains unknown. Vinpocetine, a derivative of the alkaloid vincamine, has been demonstrated to inhibit the high glucose-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells; however, it remains unknown whether vinpocetine can affect the osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells. We hereby investigated the effect of vinpocetine on vascular calcification using a beta-glycerophosphate-induced cell model...
2016: PloS One
Kazuyuki Yusa, Osamu Yamamoto, Mitsuyoshi Iino, Hiroshi Takano, Masayuki Fukuda, Zhiwei Qiao, Toshihiro Sugiyama
OBJECTIVE: Zinc is an essential element for proliferation, differentiation and survival in various cell types. In a previous study, we found that zinc ions released from zinc-modified titanium surfaces (eluted zinc ions; EZ) stimulate cell viability, osteoblast marker gene expression and calcium deposition in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells (hBMCs). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of EZ on osteoblast differentiation among dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in vitro...
November 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Maryam Rezia Rad, Moein Khojaste, Mehrnoosh Hasan Shahriari, Saeed Asgary, Arash Khojasteh
OBJECTIVES: Growth factors play a significant role in cell proliferation and differentiation during different stages of the bone repair. However, several limitations have been brought researchers attention to an osteoinductive small molecule including Purmorphamine. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of Purmorphamine on adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) seaded on beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granules. METHODS: hDPSCs were established from extracted wisdom teeth of healthy volenteers...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Amir A Hamidieh, Zohreh Hamidi, Maryam Behfar, Zeinab Pajouhi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Fariba Mohseni, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Maryam Sobhani, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad R Mohajeri Tehrani
BACKGROUNDS: Beta Thalassemia Major, and its treatment by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have deleterious effect on bone integrity and a main part of such effects is due to their deleterious effects on endocrine systems. So, we assessed the effects of endocrine changes during HSCT (Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation) on growing bones of pediatric thalassemic patients. METHODS: Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin (bone formation markers), NTX (bone resorption marker), Ca, P, Alk ph, PTH, Vitamin D (vit D), prolactin, LH, FSH, T4, T3, TSH, IGF-1, testosterone (in males) or estradiol (in females), measured in 20 major thalassemic patients with mean age of 10...
July 14, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Peng Gao, Haoqiang Zhang, Yun Liu, Bo Fan, Xiaokang Li, Xin Xiao, Pingheng Lan, Minghui Li, Lei Geng, Dong Liu, Yulin Yuan, Qin Lian, Jianxi Lu, Zheng Guo, Zhen Wang
The drawbacks of traditional bone-defect treatments have prompted the exploration of bone tissue engineering. This study aimed to explore suitable β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granules for bone regeneration and identify an efficient method to establish β-TCP-based osteo-regenerators. β-TCP granules with diameters of 1 mm and 1-2.5 mm were evaluated in vitro. The β-TCP granules with superior osteogenic properties were used to establish in vivo bioreactors, referred to as osteo-regenerators, which were fabricated using two different methods...
2016: Scientific Reports
Panudda Srichomkwun, Natnicha Houngngam, Sophitsachi Pasatrat, Thipaporn Tharavanij, Lalita Wattanachanya, Weerapan Khovidhunkit
In mice, undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) improves beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity through adiponectin. In humans, levels of total osteocalcin (OC) and ucOC were negatively correlated with insulin resistance (IR) indices in patients with type 2 diabetes. Whether ucOC plays a role in glucose homeostasis and whether its effect is mediated through adiponectin during pregnancy is unclear. Serum levels of total OC, ucOC, and adiponectin were measured in 130 pregnant women with varying degrees of IR [gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), n = 74 and non-GDM, n = 56]...
July 2016: Endocrine
Huan Wang, Rong Wang, Zhe Wang, Qian Liu, Yong Mao, Xiaohong Duan
Mechanical stimulation usually causes the volume changes of osteoblasts. Whether these volume changes could be sensed by the ClC-3 chloride channel, a volume-sensitive ion channel, and further promote the osteodifferentiation in osteoblasts has not been determined. In this study, we applied persistent static compression on MC3T3-E1 cells to detect the expression changes of ClC-3, osteogenic markers, as well as some molecules related with signaling transduction pathway. We tested the key role of ClC-3 in transferring the mechanical signal to osteoinduction by ClC-3 overexpressing and siRNA technique...
December 2015: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Omaima M Sabek, Satoru Ken Nishimoto, Daniel Fraga, Neelam Tejpal, Camillo Ricordi, A O Gaber
The osteoblast-specific hormone osteocalcin (OC) was found to regulate glucose metabolism, fat mass, and β-cell proliferation in mice. Here, we investigate the effect of decarboxylated OC (D-OC) on human β-cell function and mass in culture and in vivo using a Nonobese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficiency mouse model. We found that D-OC at dose ranges from 1.0 to 15 ng/mL significantly augmented insulin content and enhanced human β-cell proliferation of cultured human islets. This was paralleled by increased expression of sulfonylurea receptor protein; a marker of β-cell differentiation and a component of the insulin-secretory apparatus...
September 2015: Endocrinology
Mayra Laino Albiero, Bruna Rabelo Amorim, Luciane Martins, Márcio Zaffalon Casati, Enilson Antonio Sallum, Francisco Humberto Nociti, Karina Gonzales Silvério
UNLABELLED: Periodontal ligament mesenchymal stem cells (PDLMSCs) are an important alternative source of adult stem cells and may be applied for periodontal tissue regeneration, neuroregenerative medicine, and heart valve tissue engineering. However, little is known about the impact of bacterial toxins on the biological properties of PDLSMSCs, including self-renewal, differentiation, and synthesis of extracellular matrix. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether proliferation, expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and osteogenic differentiation of CD105-enriched PDL progenitor cell populations (PDL-CD105(+) cells) would be affected by exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (EcLPS)...
March 2015: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Karen Kover, Yun Yan, Pei Ying Tong, Dara Watkins, Xiaoyu Li, James Tasch, Melissa Hager, Mark Clements, Wayne V Moore
Diabetes is characterized by progressive beta cell dysfunction and loss due in part to oxidative stress that occurs from gluco/lipotoxicity. Treatments that directly protect beta cell function and survival in the diabetic milieu are of particular interest. A growing body of evidence suggests that osteocalcin, an abundant non-collagenous protein of bone, supports beta cell function and proliferation. Based on previous gene expression data by microarray, we hypothesized that osteocalcin protects beta cells from glucose-induced oxidative stress...
June 19, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Vionnie W C Yu, Borja Saez, Colleen Cook, Sutada Lotinun, Ana Pardo-Saganta, Ying-Hua Wang, Stefania Lymperi, Francesca Ferraro, Marc H G P Raaijmakers, Joy Y Wu, Lan Zhou, Jayaraj Rajagopal, Henry M Kronenberg, Roland Baron, David T Scadden
Production of the cells that ultimately populate the thymus to generate α/β T cells has been controversial, and their molecular drivers remain undefined. Here, we report that specific deletion of bone-producing osteocalcin (Ocn)-expressing cells in vivo markedly reduces T-competent progenitors and thymus-homing receptor expression among bone marrow hematopoietic cells. Decreased intrathymic T cell precursors and decreased generation of mature T cells occurred despite normal thymic function. The Notch ligand DLL4 is abundantly expressed on bone marrow Ocn(+) cells, and selective depletion of DLL4 from these cells recapitulated the thymopoietic abnormality...
May 4, 2015: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Jun-Kun Zhan, Yan-Jiao Wang, Yi Wang, Zhi-Yong Tang, Pan Tan, Wu Huang, You-Shuo Liu
BACKGROUND: Arterial calcification is a common event in cardiovascular pathogenesis. Osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is the most important cytopathologic foundation of arterial calcification. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) exerts multiple cardioprotective actions beyond insulinotropic effects through GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R). However, whether GLP-1 regulates osteoblastic differentiation of VSMCs and associated molecular mechanisms has not been clarified...
June 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Julie L Frey, Zhu Li, Jessica M Ellis, Qian Zhang, Charles R Farber, Susan Aja, Michael J Wolfgang, Thomas L Clemens, Ryan C Riddle
The Wnt coreceptors Lrp5 and Lrp6 are essential for normal postnatal bone accrual and osteoblast function. In this study, we identify a previously unrecognized skeletal function unique to Lrp5 that enables osteoblasts to oxidize fatty acids. Mice lacking the Lrp5 coreceptor specifically in osteoblasts and osteocytes exhibit the expected reductions in postnatal bone mass but also exhibit an increase in body fat with corresponding reductions in energy expenditure. Conversely, mice expressing a high bone mass mutant Lrp5 allele are leaner with reduced plasma triglyceride and free fatty acid levels...
June 1, 2015: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Lei Xiong, Ji-Ung Jung, Haitao Wu, Wen-Fang Xia, Jin-Xiu Pan, Chengyong Shen, Lin Mei, Wen-Cheng Xiong
Bone mass is maintained by balanced activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Lrp4 (low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 4) is a member of the LDL receptor family, whose mutations have been identified in patients with high-bone-mass disorders, such as sclerosteosis and van Buchem diseases. However, it remains unknown whether and how Lrp4 regulates bone-mass homeostasis in vivo. Here we provide evidence that Lrp4-null mutation or specific mutation in osteoblast-lineage cells increased cortical and trabecular bone mass, which was associated with elevated bone formation and impaired bone resorption...
March 17, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Xiao-yu Ma, Fen-qin Chen, Hong Hong, Xiu-juan Lv, Ming Dong, Qiu-yue Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent animal studies have found that the osteocalcin secreted by osteoblasts could participate in glucose and lipid metabolism. Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum osteocalcin concentration and glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: 985 patients with type 2 diabetes were divided into the male group (n = 495) and the postmenopausal female group (n = 490). The average ages were 54.42 ± 10...
2015: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Makoto Hirota, Tohru Hayakawa, Takaki Shima, Akihiro Ametani, Iwai Tohnai
We compared osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation when using beta-tricalcium phosphate (βTCP) and titanium scaffolds by investigating human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and osteoclast progenitor cell activities. hMSCs were cultured for 7, 14, and 21days on titanium scaffolds with 60%, 73%, and 87% porosity and on βTCP scaffolds with 60% and 75% porosity. Human osteoclast progenitor cells were cultured with osteoblast for 14 and 21days on 87% titanium and 75% βTCP scaffolds. Viable cell numbers with 60% and 73% titanium were higher than with 87% titanium and βTCP scaffolds (P<0...
April 2015: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Chunrong Jia, Hongxiao Liu, Min Li, Zhikui Wu, Xinghua Feng
The aim of this study is to explore the effects of icariin on cytokine induced ankylosing spondylitis fibroblast osteogenesis type expression and its molecular mechanism. The normal fibroblasts were collected as normal control group, and the fibroblasts of hip joint capsule of AS patients were collected, which were respectively added in fetal bovine serum (group AS), fetal bovine serum and cytokines (BMP-2+TGF-beta 1) (group AS), and cell factor solution (icariin group), and observed of the osteogenic expression of fibroblast, to evaluate the impact of Icariin on it...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Zuzana Saidak, Carole Le Henaff, Sofia Azzi, Caroline Marty, Sophie Da Nascimento, Pascal Sonnet, Pierre J Marie
The α5β1 integrin is a key fibronectin (FN) receptor that binds to RGD-containing peptides to mediate cell adhesion. We previously reported that α5β1 integrin promotes osteogenic differentiation in mesenchymal skeletal cells (MSCs), but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we determined the signaling mechanisms induced by α5β1 integrin interaction with its high-affinity ligand CRRETAWAC in murine and human MSCs and in vivo. We show that cyclized CRRETAWAC fully displaced MSC adhesion to FN, whereas related peptides lacking the full RRET sequence produced a partial displacement, indicating that RRET acts as an RGD-like sequence that is required to antagonize FN-mediated cell adhesion...
March 13, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ippei Kanazawa, Lucie Canaff, Jad Abi Rafeh, Aarti Angrula, Jingjing Li, Ryan C Riddle, Iris Boraschi-Diaz, Svetlana V Komarova, Thomas L Clemens, Monzur Murshed, Geoffrey N Hendy
Menin, the product of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (Men1) tumor suppressor gene, mediates the cell proliferation and differentiation actions of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) ligand family members. In vitro, menin modulates osteoblastogenesis and osteoblast differentiation promoted and sustained by bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and TGF-β, respectively. To examine the in vivo function of menin in bone, we conditionally inactivated Men1 in mature osteoblasts by crossing osteocalcin (OC)-Cre mice with floxed Men1 (Men1(f/f)) mice to generate mice lacking menin in differentiating osteoblasts (OC-Cre;Men1(f/f) mice)...
February 13, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Tzu-Hua Lin, Taishi Sato, Katherine R Barcay, Heather Waters, Florence Loi, Ruth Zhang, Jukka Pajarinen, Kensuke Egashira, Zhenyu Yao, Stuart B Goodman
Excessive generation of wear particles after total joint replacement may lead to local inflammation and periprosthetic osteolysis. Modulation of the key transcription factor NF-κB in immune cells could potentially mitigate the osteolytic process. We previously showed that local delivery of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles recruited osteoprogenitor cells and reduced osteolysis. However, the biological effects of modulating the NF-κB signaling pathway on osteoprogenitor/mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) remain unclear...
March 2015: Tissue Engineering. Part A
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