keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fran

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211200/the-interrelation-between-hypothyroidism-and-glaucoma-a-critical-review-and-meta-analyses
#1
REVIEW
Marianne Thvilum, Frans Brandt, Thomas Heiberg Brix, Laszlo Hegedüs
Data on the association between hypothyroidism and glaucoma are conflicting. We sought to shed light on this by conducting a critical review and meta-analyses. The meta-analyses were conducted in adherence with the widely accepted MOOSE guidelines. Using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms: hypothyroidism, myxoedema and glaucoma or intraocular pressure, case-control studies, cohort studies and cross-sectional studies were identified (PubMed) and reviewed. Using meta-analysis, the relative risk (RR) of coexistence of glaucoma and hypothyroidism was calculated...
February 16, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210848/prefrontal-hippocampal-coupling-by-theta-rhythm-and-by-2-5%C3%A2-hz-oscillation-in-the-delta-band-the-role-of-the-nucleus-reuniens-of-the-thalamus
#2
Alexis Roy, Frans Pettersson Svensson, Amna Mazeh, Bernat Kocsis
Rhythmic synchronizations of hippocampus (HC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) at theta frequencies (4-8 Hz) are thought to mediate key cognitive functions, and disruptions of HC-PFC coupling were implicated in psychiatric diseases. Theta coupling is thought to represent a HC-to-PFC drive transmitted via the well-described unidirectional HC projection to PFC. In comparison, communication in the PFC-to-HC direction is less understood, partly because no known direct anatomical connection exists. Two recent findings, i...
February 16, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210380/emerging-issues-in-adult-female-acne
#3
REVIEW
Joshua A Zeichner, Hillary E Baldwin, Fran E Cook-Bolden, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Sheila Fallon-Friedlander, David A Rodriguez
Acne vulgaris (acne) is a common affliction in adolescence and is a growing problem in adult women. Despite an increasing awareness of acne in the adult female population, there is a lack of good prospective studies assessing the severity, distribution, and differential response to treatment in this group. The long-held dogma that acne in adult women develops on the lower one-third of the face has been recently challenged, and here the authors critically review data from available literature. Moreover, while adult female acne has traditionally been defined as disease in women over age 25, it is the authors' experience that this group is subdivided into women ages 25 to 44 years, separate from perimenopausal patients, ages 45 years and up...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203355/who-is-the-usual-suspect-evidence-of-a-selection-bias-toward-faces-that-make-direct-eye-contact-in-a-lineup-task
#4
Jessica Taubert, Celine van Golde, Frans A J Verstraten
The speed and ease with which we recognize the faces of our friends and family members belies the difficulty we have recognizing less familiar individuals. Nonetheless, overconfidence in our ability to recognize faces has carried over into various aspects of our legal system; for instance, eyewitness identification serves a critical role in criminal proceedings. For this reason, understanding the perceptual and psychological processes that underlie false identification is of the utmost importance. Gaze direction is a salient social signal and direct eye contact, in particular, is thought to capture attention...
January 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200212/head-to-head-comparison-of-adaptive-statistical-and-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-algorithms-for-submillisievert-coronary-ct-angiography
#5
Dominik C Benz, Tobias A Fuchs, Christoph Gräni, Annina A Studer Bruengger, Olivier F Clerc, Fran Mikulicic, Michael Messerli, Julia Stehli, Mathias Possner, Aju P Pazhenkottil, Oliver Gaemperli, Philipp A Kaufmann, Ronny R Buechel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196652/simulation-of-fetal-heart-rate-variability-with-a-mathematical-model
#6
Germaine J L M Jongen, M Beatrijs van der Hout-van der Jagt, S Guid Oei, Frans N van de Vosse, Peter H M Bovendeerd
In the clinic, the cardiotocogram (CTG), the combined registration of fetal heart rate (FHR) and uterine contractions, is used to predict fetal well-being. Amongst others, fetal heart rate variability (FHRV) is an important indicator of fetal distress. In this study we add FHRV to our previously developed CTG simulation model, in order to improve its use as a research and educational tool. We implemented three sources of variability by applying either 1/f or white noise to the peripheral vascular resistance, baroreceptor output, or efferent vagal signal...
February 11, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195976/self-reported-measures-of-strength-and-sport-specific-skills-distinguish-ranking-in-an-international-online-fitness-competition
#7
Paul R Serafini, Yuri Feito, Gerald T Mangine
To determine if self-reported performance measures could distinguish ranking during the 2016 CrossFit Open, data from three thousand male (n=1500; 27.2±8.4 y; 85.2±7.9 kg; 177.0±6.5 cm) and female (n=1500, 28.7±4.9 y; 63.7±5.8 kg; 163.7±6.6 cm) competitors was used for this study. Competitors were split by gender and grouped into quintiles (Q1-Q5) based upon their final ranking. Quintiles were compared for one-repetition maximum (1RM) squat, deadlift, clean and jerk (CJ), snatch, 400-m sprint, 5,000-m run, and benchmark workouts (Fran, Helen, Grace, Filthy-50, and Fight-gone-bad)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194812/detection-and-management-of-hyperactive-and-hypoactive-delirium-in-older-patients-during-hospitalization-a-retrospective-cohort-study-evaluating-daily-practice
#8
Eveline L van Velthuijsen, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Wubbo J Mulder, Frans R J Verhey, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to study daily hospital practice regarding detection and management and to study hyperactive and hypoactive delirium of older patients during their hospitalization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study evaluating care as usual for older hospitalized patients with delirium at Maastricht University Medical Center+, a university hospital in the Netherlands, was performed. Inclusion criteria were older hospitalized patients (65+ years), diagnosed with delirium between 1 January and 31 December 2014...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193288/accreditation-in-general-practice-in-denmark-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Merethe K Andersen, Line B Pedersen, Volkert Siersma, Flemming Bro, Susanne Reventlow, Jens Søndergaard, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Frans B Waldorff
BACKGROUND: Accreditation is used increasingly in health systems worldwide. However, there is a lack of evidence on the effects of accreditation, particularly in general practice. In 2016 a mandatory accreditation scheme was initiated in Denmark, and during a 3-year period all practices, as default, should undergo accreditation according to the Danish Healthcare Quality Program. The aim of this study is primarily to evaluate the effects of a mandatory accreditation scheme. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is conducted as a cluster-randomized controlled trial among 1252 practices (clusters) with 2211 general practitioners in Denmark...
February 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190946/effects-of-pmto-in-foster-families-with-children-with-behavior-problems-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Anne M Maaskant, Floor B van Rooij, Geertjan J Overbeek, Frans J Oort, Maureen Arntz, Jo M A Hermanns
The present randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of Parent Management Training Oregon for foster parents with foster children (aged 4-12) with severe externalizing behavior problems in long-term foster care arrangements. Foster children's behavior problems are challenging for foster parents and increase the risk of placement breakdown. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of established interventions to improve child and parent functioning in foster families. The goal of Parent Management Training Oregon, a relatively long and intensive (6-9 months, with weekly sessions) parent management training, is to reduce children's problem behavior through improvement of parenting practices...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190717/perioperative-outcomes-of-infrainguinal-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-and-without-prior-revascularization
#11
Thomas C F Bodewes, Klaas H J Ultee, Peter A Soden, Sara L Zettervall, Katie E Shean, Douglas W Jones, Frans L Moll, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Although an increasing number of patients with peripheral arterial disease undergo multiple revascularization procedures, the effect of prior interventions on outcomes remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perioperative outcomes of bypass surgery in patients with and those without prior ipsilateral treatment. METHODS: Patients undergoing nonemergent infrainguinal bypass between 2011 and 2014 were identified in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Targeted Vascular module...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188747/high-incidence-of-celiac-disease-in-a-long-term-study-of-adolescents-with-susceptibility-genotypes
#12
Edwin Liu, Fran Dong, Anna E Barón, Iman Taki, Jill M Norris, Brigitte I Frohnert, Edward J Hoffenberg, Marian Rewers
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the incidence of celiac disease in the general population of children in the United States. We aimed to estimate the cumulative incidence of celiac disease in adolescents born in the Denver metropolitan area. METHODS: We collected data on HLA-DR, DQ genotypes of 31,766 infants, born from 1993 through 2004 at St. Joseph's Hospital in Denver, from the Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young. Subjects with susceptibility genotypes for celiac disease and type 1 diabetes were followed for up to 20 years for development of tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGA)...
February 7, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188144/elevated-rate-of-genome-rearrangements-in-radiation-resistant-bacteria
#13
Jelena Repar, Fran Supek, Tin Klanjscek, Tobias Warnecke, Ksenija Zahradka, Davor Zahradka
A number of bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic species are known for their resistance to ionizing radiation. One of the challenges these species face is a potent environmental source of DNA double-strand breaks, potential drivers of genome structure evolution. Efficient and accurate DNA double-strand break repair systems have been demonstrated in several unrelated radiation-resistant species and are putative adaptations to the DNA damaging environment. Such adaptations are expected to compensate for the genome-destabilizing effect of environmental DNA damage and may be expected to result in a more conserved gene order in radiation-resistant species...
February 10, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182484/discrimination-of-emotional-facial-expressions-by-tufted-capuchin-monkeys-sapajus-apella
#14
Sarah E Calcutt, Taylor L Rubin, Jennifer J Pokorny, Frans B M de Waal
Tufted or brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella) have been shown to recognize conspecific faces as well as categorize them according to group membership. Little is known, though, about their capacity to differentiate between emotionally charged facial expressions or whether facial expressions are processed as a collection of features or configurally (i.e., as a whole). In 3 experiments, we examined whether tufted capuchins (a) differentiate photographs of neutral faces from either affiliative or agonistic expressions, (b) use relevant facial features to make such choices or view the expression as a whole, and (c) demonstrate an inversion effect for facial expressions suggestive of configural processing...
February 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181019/evaluating-the-complementary-roles-of-an-sjt-and-academic-assessment-for-entry-into-clinical-practice
#15
Fran Cousans, Fiona Patterson, Helena Edwards, Kim Walker, John C McLachlan, David Good
Although there is extensive evidence confirming the predictive validity of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in medical education, there remains a shortage of evidence for their predictive validity for performance of postgraduate trainees in their first role in clinical practice. Moreover, to date few researchers have empirically examined the complementary roles of academic and non-academic selection methods in predicting in-role performance. This is an important area of enquiry as despite it being common practice to use both types of methods within a selection system, there is currently no evidence that this approach translates into increased predictive validity of the selection system as a whole, over that achieved by the use of a single selection method...
February 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177811/stampfer-et-al-respond
#16
Meir Stampfer, Fran Grodstein, Walter Willett, Heather Eliassen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177065/gait-speed-and-grip-strength-reflect-cognitive-impairment-and-are-modestly-related-to-incident-cognitive-decline-in-memory-clinic-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-findings-from-the-4c-study
#17
Astrid M Hooghiemstra, Inez H G B Ramakers, Nicole Sistermans, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Pauline Aalten, Renske E G Hamel, René J F Melis, Frans R J Verhey, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Philip Scheltens, Wiesje M van der Flier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173158/mutations-in-the-polyglutamylase-gene-ttll5-expressed-in-photoreceptor-cells-and-spermatozoa-are-associated-with-cone-rod-degeneration-and-reduced-male-fertility
#18
Nicola Bedoni, Lonneke Haer-Wigman, Veronika Vaclavik, Viet H Tran, Pietro Farinelli, Sara Balzano, Beryl Royer-Bertrand, Mohammed E El-Asrag, Olivier Bonny, Christos Ikonomidis, Yan Litzistorf, Konstantinos Nikopoulos, Georgia G Yioti, Maria I Stefaniotou, Martin McKibbin, Adam P Booth, Jamie M Ellingford, Graeme C Black, Carmel Toomes, Chris F Inglehearn, Carel B Hoyng, Nathalie Bax, Caroline C W Klaver, Alberta A Thiadens, Fabien Murisier, Daniel F Schorderet, Manir Ali, Frans P M Cremers, Sten Andréasson, Francis L Munier, Carlo Rivolta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166226/social-network-analysis-of-multi-stakeholder-platforms-in-agricultural-research-for-development-opportunities-and-constraints-for-innovation-and-scaling
#19
Frans Hermans, Murat Sartas, Boudy van Schagen, Piet van Asten, Marc Schut
Multi-stakeholder platforms (MSPs) are seen as a promising vehicle to achieve agricultural development impacts. By increasing collaboration, exchange of knowledge and influence mediation among farmers, researchers and other stakeholders, MSPs supposedly enhance their 'capacity to innovate' and contribute to the 'scaling of innovations'. The objective of this paper is to explore the capacity to innovate and scaling potential of three MSPs in Burundi, Rwanda and the South Kivu province located in the eastern part of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160039/measuring-the-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-in-primary-rectal-tumors-is-there-a-benefit-in-performing-histogram-analyses
#20
Miriam M van Heeswijk, Doenja M J Lambregts, Monique Maas, Max J Lahaye, Z Ayas, Jos M G M Slenter, Geerard L Beets, Frans C H Bakers, Regina G H Beets-Tan
PURPOSE: The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) is a potential prognostic imaging marker in rectal cancer. Typically, mean ADC values are used, derived from precise manual whole-volume tumor delineations by experts. The aim was first to explore whether non-precise circular delineation combined with histogram analysis can be a less cumbersome alternative to acquire similar ADC measurements and second to explore whether histogram analyses provide additional prognostic information. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients who underwent a primary staging MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI; b0, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000; 1...
February 3, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
keyword
keyword
70492
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"