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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#1
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231683/the-adverse-effects-of-exercise-and-supraphysiological-dose-of-testosterone-enanthate-te-on-exploratory-activity-in-elevated-plus-maze-epm-test-indications-for-using-total-exploratory-activity-tea-as-a-new-parameter-for-exploratory-activity-estimation-in-epm
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the estimation of effects induced by chronic administration of supraphysiological dose of TE and prolonged exercise in male rats on anxiety levels (alterations in exploratory activity patterns in EPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sedentary (control - C and testosterone-enanthate - T) and two exercise (exercise - E and testosterone-enanthate plus exercise - T+E) groups (n=32) underwent adequate protocols - the swimming protocol (1 h/day) and TE (20 mg/kg/w, s...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231644/mid-term-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-far-anteromedial-portal-technique
#3
Yoon Sang Jeon, Sung Wook Choi, Ju Hyun Park, Jae Sik Yoon, Jung Sub Shin, Myung Ku Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using two anteromedial (AM) portals by comparing with short-term follow-up results. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients who were treated by ACL reconstruction using a two AM portal technique were evaluated retrospectively. The follow-up period was at least 5 years. The mean follow-up period was 68.5±13.9 months. The mid-term clinical outcomes were compared with short-term (≥12 months) results...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231629/the-evaluation-of-physical-activity-for-community-dwelling-patients-with-hypertension
#4
Chunhua Ma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the proportion of Chinese patients with hypertension who meet the Chinese Hypertension Management Guideline recommendations for weekly physical activity and to determine possible associated factors that impact meeting the weekly physical activity recommendation. BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of physical activity levels for hypertensive patients is important to determine patients' health outcomes and intervention measures...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231601/early-age-at-first-sexual-intercourse-is-associated-with-higher-prevalence-of-high-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions-hsil
#5
José Cândido Caldeira Xavier-Júnior, Rozany Mucha Dufloth, Diama Bhadra Vale, Marcelo Tavares de Lima, Luiz Carlos Zeferino
Objective To evaluate the association of age at first sexual intercourse with the results of the cervicovaginal cytology. Study Design Observational analytical study about the prevalence of altered cervicovaginal cytology results in women aged between 18 and 34 years from a densely populated area in Brazil, during 10 years. The patients were stratified into 2 categories according to their age at first sexual intercourse (13-16 years and 17-24 years). Results From the total of 2,505,154 exams, 898,921 tests were in accordance with the inclusion criteria...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231599/upper-limb-functionality-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-five-year-survival-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#6
Thaís Lunardi Recchia, Amably Cristiny Prim, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
Objective To evaluate the correlation between upper limb functionality and quality of life in women with five-year survival following breast cancer surgical treatment. The secondary objective was to evaluate the function of the ipsilateral upper limb and the quality of life in relation to the type of surgery and the presence of pain. Methods The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast plus Arm Morbidity (FACTB + 4) questionnaires were used to evaluate upper limb function and quality of life respectively...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231584/characteristics-of-sarcoidosis-in-patients-with-previous-malignancy-causality-or-coincidence
#7
Nissim Arish, Rottem Kuint, Eli Sapir, Liran Levy, Avraham Abutbul, Zvi Fridlender, Uri Laxer, Neville Berkman
BACKGROUND: The association between sarcoidosis and malignancy is poorly defined. Sarcoidosis can precede, be diagnosed concurrently with, or follow malignancy. OBJECTIVES: We describe the clinical and radiological features of patients with sarcoidosis following malignancy to determine whether this association is causal or coincidental. METHODS: We performed a search for all patients with confirmed sarcoidosis following malignancy in our institution during 2001-2015...
February 24, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231571/luminex-liquichip-system-for-the-evaluation-of-cytokine-levels-in-patients-with-contact-dermatitis-to-potassium-dichromate
#8
Lehavit Akerman, Tirza Klein, Moshe Israeli, Abigail Fraser, Eti Sagy, Igor Snast, Daniel Mimouni, Michael David, Akiva Trattner
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is associated with increased production of cytokines. The patch test is the "gold-standard" diagnostic method, but it poses a risk of false results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a novel laboratory technique, the Luminex LiquiChip, which simultaneously measures blood levels of multiple cytokines, as a diagnostic tool in patients with chrome-induced ACD. METHODS: The study group included 20 patients with ACD and relevant patch test results for potassium dichromate and 19 patients with ACD for nickel or fragrance as control...
February 24, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231569/biomarkers-in-autoimmune-salivary-gland-disorders-a-review
#9
Benedikt Hofauer, Klaus Thuermel, Constanze Gahleitner, Andreas Knopf
Salivary glands are frequent sites of manifestations of autoimmune disorders in the head and neck. Sjögren syndrome, sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and IgG4-related sialadenitis represent the most important autoimmune salivary gland disorders. Due to the lack of specific symptoms, diagnosis of these conditions remains a challenge. Diagnosis is usually based on classification criteria involving clinical tests, histopathological evaluation, and serological examinations. Depending on the disease, biomarkers are of different value and have to be interpreted carefully...
February 24, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231528/identification-of-uv-absorbing-extractables-from-rubber-closures-used-in-containers-of-injectable-powder-and-safety-assessment-of-leachables-in-the-drug
#10
Yulei Wei, Ying Wu, Tingli Zhu, Zhiyan Li, Yilan Zhang
Rubber closures have been of great concern to regulatory authorities on account of their potential safety risks to patients. The aim of our work is to provide part of data about the compatibility of the injectable powder and its packaging materials for the drug registration. In this report, methodologies were established to study the system of the preparation. Firstly, three major extractables were isolated by semi-preparative HPLC method combined with silica gel-based chromatographic methods. NMR spectra including 1D NMR ((1)H, (13)C, DEPT135) and 2D NMR (COSY, HSQC, HMBC) were introduced to identify the extractables, besides HPLC, GC-MS, ESI-MS/MS and HRMS...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231503/ecotoxicity-assessment-of-ionic-as-iii-as-v-in-iii-and-ga-iii-species-potentially-released-from-novel-iii-v-semiconductor-materials
#11
Chao Zeng, Adrian Gonzalez-Alvarez, Emily Orenstein, Jim A Field, Farhang Shadman, Reyes Sierra-Alvarez
III-V materials such as indium arsenide (InAs) and gallium arsenide (GaAs) are increasingly used in electronic and photovoltaic devices. The extensive application of these materials may lead to release of III-V ionic species during semiconductor manufacturing or disposal of decommissioned devices into the environment. Although arsenic is recognized as an important contaminant due to its high toxicity, there is a lack of information about the toxic effects of indium and gallium ions. In this study, acute toxicity of As(III), As(V), In(III) and Ga(III) species was evaluated using two microbial assays testing for methanogenic activity and O2 uptake, as well as two bioassays targeting aquatic organisms, including the marine bacterium Aliivibrio fischeri (bioluminescence inhibition) and the crustacean Daphnia magna (mortality)...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231497/dienogest-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-the-remission-of-symptoms-is-not-related-to-endometriosis-nodule-remission
#12
Joao Paulo Leonardo-Pinto, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto, Kleber Cursino, Daniela Angerame Yela
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dienogest in controlling pain caused by deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), its influence on the quality of live (QoL) of women affected by the disease, and the effect of the drug on the volume of endometriotic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study including 30 women with a sonographic diagnosis of DIE (intestinal and posterior fornix) treated with dienogest 2mg per day for 12 months. We evaluated the pain symptoms and the volume of the intestinal and posterior fornix lesions before and after 12 months of use of dienogest...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231476/evaluation-of-cognitive-performance-in-professional-divers-by-means-of-event-related-potentials-and-neuropsychology
#13
Mehmet Ergen, Atilla Uslu, Ozlem Caglar, Sukriye Akca-Kalem, Maide Cimsit, Hakan Gurvit
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether professional air diving with no decompression illness causes any long-term changes in cognitive functions. METHODS: The all-male participants consisted of 18 healthy control (HC) volunteers and 32 divers. Divers were divided into two subgroups as moderate exposure group, Divers-I (DI) and extensive exposure group, Divers-II (DII). Participants were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded while they performed auditory oddball task and visual continuous performance test (CPT)...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231416/feasibility-of-combining-common-data-elements-across-studies-to-test-a-hypothesis
#14
Elizabeth J Corwin, Shirley M Moore, Andrea Plotsky, Margaret M Heitkemper, Susan G Dorsey, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Donald E Bailey, Sharron L Docherty, Joanne D Whitney, Carol M Musil, Cynthia M Dougherty, Donna J McCloskey, Joan K Austin, Patricia A Grady
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of a collaborative initiative to share data across five schools of nursing in order to evaluate the feasibility of collecting common data elements (CDEs) and developing a common data repository to test hypotheses of interest to nursing scientists. This initiative extended work already completed by the National Institute of Nursing Research CDE Working Group that successfully identified CDEs related to symptoms and self-management, with the goal of supporting more complex, reproducible, and patient-focused research...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231386/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-rna-in-situ-hybridization-for-detecting-lung-adenocarcinoma-with-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-rearrangement
#15
Naoki Nakajima, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Kyoko Kondo, Mariyo Rokutan-Kurata, Masahiro Hirata, Ayako Furuhata, Shinji Sumiyoshi, Makoto Sonobe, Toshi Menju, Masanobu Momose, Masakazu Fujimoto, Hiroshi Date, Hironori Haga
AIMS: An easy and rapid assay for detecting mRNA in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples (RNA-in situ hybridization; RNA-ISH) has been reported recently. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of RNA-ISH for detecting lung adenocarcinoma (LA) with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement. METHODS AND RESULTS: We tested ALK RNA-ISH on 11 resected LAs for which ALK fusion was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
February 23, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231370/significance-of-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-olfactory-disorder
#16
Teemu Harju, Markus Rautiainen, Ilkka Kivekäs
The aim of this retrospective analysis was to examine olfactory disorders among the patients in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Tampere University Hospital, Finland, from 2001 to 2011, and to evaluate the necessity of imaging in the examination of patients with olfactory disorders. Charts of 143 consecutive patients with a primary olfactory disorder were examined, and 69 patients who had undergone the necessary testing were included in the study. The most common causes of olfactory disorder were upper respiratory infection (23%), chronic rhinosinusitis (19%), head trauma (17%), and allergic or nonallergic rhinitis (6%)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231364/analysis-of-caloric-test-responses-in-sudden-hearing-loss
#17
Cheng-Ping Shih, Yu-Ching Chou, Hsin-Chien Chen, Jih-Chin Lee, Yueng-Hsiang Chu, Chih-Hung Wang
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by a rapid-onset hearing loss that develops within 3 days. Vertigo may also be present. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether the severity of a loss of caloric function is associated with the initial hearing loss and with hearing recovery. Our study population was made up of 135 patients-67 men and 68 women, aged 25 to 71 years (mean: 50.9)-with sudden sensorineural hearing loss who had undergone bithermal caloric testing. We compared various patient factors according to patients' hearing level and their response to caloric testing...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231345/in-vitro-evaluation-of-three-methods-for-the-retrieval-of-fractured-screw-fragments-from-dental-implants
#18
Rubén Agustín-Panadero, Carlos Labaig-Rueda, Beatriz Castillo-Rodriguez, Alberto Ferreiroa, María Fernanda Solá-Ruíz
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of different methods of fractured screw fragment retrieval from dental implants, comparing a conventional method (use of an exploration probe and ultrasonic tips) with two mechanical retrieval kits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-five screws in implant internal connections were fractured to test fragment retrieval comparing three methods: conventional method with the use of an explorer probe and ultrasonic tips (group CE), extraction with a mechanical kit with a guide cylinder (group MK1), and extraction with a mechanical kit without a guide cylinder (group MK2)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231344/evaluation-of-stress-distribution-on-implant-retained-auricular-prostheses-the-finite-element-method
#19
Ahmed A Abbas, Peerapong Santiwong, Amornrat Wonglamsam, Theerathavaj Srithavaj, Teeranoot Chanthasopeephan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate stress distribution around two craniofacial implants in an auricular prosthesis according to the removal forces. Three attachment combinations were used to evaluate the stress distribution under removal forces of 45 and 90 degrees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three attachment designs were examined: (1) a Hader bar with three clips; (2) a Hader bar with one clip and two extracoronal resilient attachments (ERAs); and (3) a Hader bar with one clip and two Locators...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231311/handwashing-and-ebola-virus-disease-outbreaks-a-randomized-comparison-of-soap-hand-sanitizer-and-0-05-chlorine-solutions-on-the-inactivation-and-removal-of-model-organisms-phi6-and-e-coli-from-hands-and-persistence-in-rinse-water
#20
Marlene K Wolfe, Karin Gallandat, Kyle Daniels, Anne Marie Desmarais, Pamela Scheinman, Daniele Lantagne
To prevent Ebola transmission, frequent handwashing is recommended in Ebola Treatment Units and communities. However, little is known about which handwashing protocol is most efficacious. We evaluated six handwashing protocols (soap and water, alcohol-based hand sanitizer (ABHS), and 0.05% sodium dichloroisocyanurate, high-test hypochlorite, and stabilized and non-stabilized sodium hypochlorite solutions) for 1) efficacy of handwashing on the removal and inactivation of non-pathogenic model organisms and, 2) persistence of organisms in rinse water...
2017: PloS One
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