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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204806/paediatric-bone-and-joint-infections-in-french-guiana-a-6-year-retrospective-review
#1
Lindsay Osei, Nawal El Houmami, Philippe Minodier, Anicet Sika, Thierry Basset, Hervé Seligmann, Anne Terraz, Magalie Demar, Jacques Pochard, Jérôme Clouzeau, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Narcisse Elenga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151084/molecular-detection-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-in-wild-cervids-and-hares-in-china
#2
Jifei Yang, Zhijie Liu, Qingli Niu, Jianxun Luo, Xiaolong Wang, Hong Yin
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an emerging tick-borne pathogen of global veterinary and public health significance. Wild ungulates are suggested to serve as reservoirs for this agent in both the US and Europe. We investigated the occurrence of A. phagocytophilum in sika deer ( Cervus nippon ), Reeves' muntjac ( Muntiacus reevesi ), tufted deer ( Elaphodus cephalophus ), and Chinese hare ( Lepus sinensis ) in China. We detected A. phagocytophilum in nine (53%) free-ranging wild Reeves' muntjac. No positive sample was found in wild tufted deer, hare, or domesticated sika deer...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128726/the-safety-of-achieved-iron-stores-and-their-effect-on-iv-iron-and-esa-use-post-hoc-results-from-a-randomized-trial-of-ferric-citrate-as-a-phosphate-binder-in-dialysis%C3%A2
#3
Kausik Umanath, Barbara Greco, Diana I Jalal, Molly McFadden, Mohammed Sika, Mark J Koury, Robert Niecestro, Lawrence G Hunsicker, Tom Greene, Julia B Lewis, Jamie P Dwyer
Iron stores assuring optimal efficacy/safety for erythropoiesis are unknown in the dialysis population. Using multicenter trial data, we related safety profiles, erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA), and intravenous iron dosing to achieved iron stores in 441 subjects randomized 2 : 1 to ferric citrate or active control as their phosphate binder over 52 weeks. Intravenous iron was given at each site's discretion if ferritin ≤ 1,000 ng/mL and transferrin saturation ≤ 30%. Multivariable time-dependent Cox regression jointly related the primary safety outcome (composite of cardiac, infection, gastrointestinal, and hepatobiliary serious adverse events) to moving averages of ferritin and transferrin saturation over the preceding 90 days with covariate adjustment...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074343/interspecies-sexual-behaviour-between-a-male-japanese-macaque-and-female-sika-deer
#4
Marie Pelé, Alexandre Bonnefoy, Masaki Shimada, Cédric Sueur
Interspecies sexual behaviour or 'reproductive interference' has been reported across a wide range of animal taxa. However, most of these occurrences were observed in phylogenetically close species and were mainly discussed in terms of their effect on fitness, hybridization and species survival. The few cases of heterospecific mating in distant species occurred between animals that were bred and maintained in captivity. Only one scientific study has reported this phenomenon, describing sexual harassment of king penguins by an Antarctic fur seal...
January 10, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071968/rapid-and-robust-authentication-of-deer-antler-velvet-product-by-fast-pcr-rflp-analysis
#5
Chao Jiang, Yan Jin, Xinlei Zhao, Yuan Yuan, Yuyang Zhao, Luqi Huang
Deer antler velvet is widely used as a vitalizing, tonifying, haemopoietic and strengthening agent for debilitated persons in East Asia. To develop a rapid and sensitive method for the identification of the biological source or origin in antler velvet products, a molecular approach was applied using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The cytochrome b gene sequences of nine cervidae species were analyzed, and a Dde I restriction endonuclease recognition site was found only in sika deer and red deer, the official origin of deer velvet in Chinese pharmacopoeia...
January 10, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067449/13cra-regulates-the-differentiation-of-antler-chondrocytes-through-targeting-runx3
#6
Hong-Liang Zhang, Hang Cao, Zhan-Qing Yang, Shuang Geng, Kai Wang, Hai-Fan Yu, Bin Guo, Zhan-Peng Yue
Although 13cRA is involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation and differentiation, its physiological roles in chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation still remain unknown. Here, we showed that 13cRA could induce the proliferation of sika deer antler chondrocytes and expression of Ccnd3 and Cdk6. Administration of 13cRA to antler chondrocytes resulted in an obvious increase in the expression of chondrocyte marker Col II and hypertrophic chondrocyte marker Col X. Silencing of Crabp2 expression by specific siRNA could prevent the 13cRA-induced up-regulation of Col X, whereas overexpression of Crabp2 showed the opposite effects...
January 9, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028480/changes-in-understory-species-occurrence-of-a-secondary-broadleaved-forest-after-mass-mortality-of-oak-trees-under-deer-foraging-pressure
#7
Hiroki Itô
The epidemic of mass mortality of oak trees by Japanese oak wilt has affected secondary deciduous broadleaved forests that have been used as coppices in Japan. The dieback of oak trees formed gaps in the crown that would be expected to enhance the regeneration of shade-intolerant pioneer species. However, foraging by sika deer Cervus nippon has also affected forest vegetation, and the compound effects of both on forest regeneration should be considered when they simultaneously occur. A field study was conducted in Kyôto City, Japan to investigate how these compound effects affected the vegetation of the understory layer of these forests...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940503/inhibition-of-nonsense-mediated-rna-decay-by-er-stress
#8
Zhelin Li, John K Vuong, Min Zhang, Cheryl Stork, Sika Zheng
Nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) selectively degrades mutated and aberrantly processed transcripts that contain premature termination codons (PTC). Cellular NMD activity is typically assessed using exogenous PTC-containing reporters. We overcame some inherently problematic aspects of assaying endogenous targets and developed a broadly applicable strategy to reliably and easily monitor changes in cellular NMD activity. Our new method was genetically validated for distinguishing NMD regulation from transcriptional control and alternative splicing regulation, and unexpectedly disclosed different sensitivity of NMD targets to NMD inhibition...
December 9, 2016: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926877/ptbp1-and-ptbp2-serve-both-specific-and-redundant-functions-in-neuronal-pre-mrna-splicing
#9
John K Vuong, Chia-Ho Lin, Min Zhang, Liang Chen, Douglas L Black, Sika Zheng
Families of alternative splicing regulators often contain multiple paralogs presumed to fulfill different functions. Polypyrimidine tract binding proteins PTBP1 and PTBP2 reprogram developmental pre-mRNA splicing in neurons, but how their regulatory networks differ is not understood. To compare their targeting, we generated a knockin allele that conditionally expresses PTBP1. Bred to a Ptbp2 knockout, the transgene allowed us to compare the developmental and molecular phenotypes of mice expressing only PTBP1, only PTBP2, or neither protein in the brain...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890873/overabundance-of-sika-deer-and-immunocontraception
#10
Junko Noguchi
The impact of deer overabundance is a worldwide problem. Along with habitat expansion and population increase, damage by sika deer to the forest ecosystem and agriculture has become a serious issue in Japan. Deer also transmit a number of diseases and parasites to humans and livestock. The overabundance of deer is a result of their strong fecundity, and therefore the present situation should, in theory, be tackled by experts in reproductive biology.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833427/effects-of-an-increase-in-population-of-sika-deer-on-beetle-communities-in-deciduous-forests
#11
Taichi Iida, Masashi Soga, Shinsuke Koike
The overabundance of large herbivores is now recognized as a serious ecological problem. However, the resulting ecological consequences remain poorly understood. The ecological effects of an increase in sika deer, Cervus nippon Temminck (Cervidae), on three insect groups of beetles was investigated: ground beetles (Carabidae), carrion beetles (Silphidae), and dung beetles (Scarabaeidae and Geotrupidae) on Nakanoshima Island, Hokkaido, northern Japan. We collected beetles on Nakanoshima Island (experimental site) and lakeshore areas (control site) and compared the species richness, abundance, diversity index, and community composition of beetles between the sites...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819479/diversity-of-formyltetrahydrofolate-synthetase-genes-in-the-rumens-of-roe-deer-capreolus-pygargus-and-sika-deer-cervus-nippon-fed-different-diets
#12
Zhipeng Li, Gemma Henderson, Yahan Yang, Guangyu Li
Reductive acetogenesis by homoacetogens represents an alternative pathway to methanogenesis to remove metabolic hydrogen during rumen fermentation. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of homoacetogen in the rumens of pasture-fed roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) and sika deer (Cervus nippon) fed either oak-leaf-based (tannin-rich, 100 mg/kg dried matter), corn-stover-based, or corn-silage-based diets, by using formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase (FTHFS) gene sequences as a marker. The diversity and richness of FTHFS sequences was lowest in animals fed oak leaf, indicating that tannin-containing plants may affect rumen homoacetogen diversity...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818123/identification-and-molecular-survey-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-in-sika-deer-cervus-nippon-from-jilin-province-north-eastern-china
#13
Bintao Zhai, Qingli Niu, Jifei Yang, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Hong Yin, Qiaoying Zeng
Lyme disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) is a common disease of domestic animals and wildlife worldwide. Sika deer is first-grade state-protected wildlife animals in China and have economic consequences for humans. It is reported that sika deer may serve as an important reservoir host for several species of B. burgdorferi s.l. and may transmit these species to humans and animals. However, little is known about the presence of Borrelia pathogens in sika deer in China. In this study, the existence and prevalence of Borrelia sp...
February 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809648/isolation-of-mycobacterium-bovis-from-free-ranging-wildlife-in-south-korea
#14
Yunho Jang, Soyoon Ryoo, Hyunkyoung Lee, Narae Kim, Hang Lee, So-Young Park, Woong-Seog Song, Jong-Taek Kim, Hee Soo Lee, Jae Myung Kim
We demonstrate Mycobacterium bovis infection in wild boar ( Sus scrofa ) in South Korea. During 2012-15, we attempted to isolate M. bovis from 847 wild animals, mainly Korean water deer ( Hydropotes inermis argyropus), raccoon dogs ( Nyctereutes procyonoides ), and wild boar, from 11 regions in South Korea. We isolated M. bovis from three of 118 wild boar (2.5%) captured in Gyeonggi Province, where bovine tuberculosis (bTB) outbreaks have also occurred in livestock. Spoligotypes and mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number tandem repeats types of these M...
January 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732611/seasonal-and-diel-activity-patterns-of-eight-sympatric-mammals-in-northern-japan-revealed-by-an-intensive-camera-trap-survey
#15
Takashi Ikeda, Kenta Uchida, Yukiko Matsuura, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Yoshida, Koichi Kaji, Itsuro Koizumi
The activity patterns of mammals are generally categorized as nocturnal, diurnal, crepuscular (active at twilight), and cathemeral (active throughout the day). These patterns are highly variable across regions and seasons even within the same species. However, quantitative data is still lacking, particularly for sympatric species. We monitored the seasonal and diel activity patterns of terrestrial mammals in Hokkaido, Japan. Through an intensive camera-trap survey a total of 13,279 capture events were recorded from eight mammals over 20,344 camera-trap days, i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717170/changes-in-the-rumen-microbiome-and-metabolites-reveal-the-effect-of-host-genetics-on-hybrid-crosses
#16
Zhipeng Li, André-Denis G Wright, Huazhe Si, Xiaoxu Wang, Wenxi Qian, Zhigang Zhang, Guangyu Li
The rumen microbiota plays important roles in nutrient metabolism and absorption of the host. However, it is poorly understood how host genetic variation shapes the community structure of the rumen microbiota and its metabolic phenotype. Here, we used sika deer (Cervus nippon) and elk (Cervus elaphus) to produce the following two types of hybrid offspring: sika deer ♀ × elk ♂ (SEH) and elk ♀ × sika deer ♂ (ESH). Then, we examined the rumen microbiome and metabolites in the parents and their hybrid offspring...
October 7, 2016: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711181/comparison-of-drive-counts-and-mark-resight-as-methods-of-population-size-estimation-of-highly-dense-sika-deer-cervus-nippon-populations
#17
Kazutaka Takeshita, Takashi Ikeda, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Yoshida, Hiromasa Igota, Yukiko Matsuura, Koichi Kaji
Assessing temporal changes in abundance indices is an important issue in the management of large herbivore populations. The drive counts method has been frequently used as a deer abundance index in mountainous regions. However, despite an inherent risk for observation errors in drive counts, which increase with deer density, evaluations of the utility of drive counts at a high deer density remain scarce. We compared the drive counts and mark-resight (MR) methods in the evaluation of a highly dense sika deer population (MR estimates ranged between 11 and 53 individuals/km2) on Nakanoshima Island, Hokkaido, Japan, between 1999 and 2006...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644890/venison-another-source-of-paragonimus-westermani-infection
#18
Ayako Yoshida, Kayoko Matsuo, Junji Moribe, Ryusei Tanaka, Taisei Kikuchi, Eiji Nagayasu, Naoaki Misawa, Haruhiko Maruyama
Paragonimiasis is a typical food-borne parasitic disease, endemic in most parts of Asia, with sporadic case reports from American and African countries. The major source of infection is undercooked freshwater crab or crayfish, though consumption of wild boar meat is also responsible for the infection in Japan, because wild boar is a paratenic host for Paragonimus westermani. Recently, living juveniles of P. westermani were isolated from muscle of a sika deer, Cervus nippon, in Japan, raising the possibility that venison has been another source of infection...
December 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615161/adherence-rates-to-ferric-citrate-as-compared-to-active-control-in-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-on-dialysis
#19
Diana Jalal, Molly McFadden, Jamie P Dwyer, Kausik Umanath, Erwin Aguilar, Yoram Yagil, Barbara Greco, Mohammed Sika, Julia B Lewis, Tom Greene, Simin Goral
Introduction Oral phosphate binders are the main stay of treatment of hyperphosphatemia. Adherence rates to ferric citrate, a recently approved phosphate binder, are unknown. Methods We conducted a post-hoc analysis to evaluate whether adherence rates were different for ferric citrate vs. active control in 412 subjects with end stage kidney disease (ESKD) who were randomized to ferric citrate vs. active control (sevelamer carbonate and/or calcium acetate). Adherence was defined as percent of actual number of pills taken to total number of pills prescribed...
September 12, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610014/hepatitis-e-discovery-global-impact-control-and-cure
#20
REVIEW
Mohammad S Khuroo, Mehnaaz S Khuroo, Naira S Khuroo
Hepatitis E was identified as an epidemic of non-A, non-B hepatitis from Kashmir, India in 1978. Hepatitis E virus (HEV), the etiological agent is the sole member of family Hepeviridae. The virus has marked heterogeneity and infects many animals like bats, camel, chicken, deer, boar, mongoose, pigs, rats, rabbit and cutthroat trout. Hepatitis E is a disease with a major global impact and has two distinct epidemiological patterns. Hepatitis E is an imperative health issue in developing nations, transmitted through sullied water and happens most every now in young adults...
August 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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