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Youngjun Na, Dong Hua Li, Yongjun Choi, Kyoung Hoon Kim, Sang Rak Lee
Objective: Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding level on nutrient digestibility and enteric methane (CH4) emissions in growing goats and Sika deer. Methods: Three growing male goats (initial BW of 22.4 ± 0.9 kg) and three growing male deer (initial BW of 20.2 ± 4.8 kg) were each allotted to a respiration-metabolism chamber for an adaptation period of 7 d and a data collection period of 3 d. An experimental diet was offered to each animal at one of three feeding levels (1...
March 2, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Steve Squire
Steve Squire, head of Sika Major Projects, discusses approaches to integrated specification at the New Papworth Hospital, which is currently under construction at the famous Addenbrooke's Hospital site in Cambridge. He explains that ensuring that the fabric of the building supports an extended service life for the hospital, excellent build quality, and reduced maintenance, have been a high priority, with Sika supplying a number of its products for use in different parts of the structure.
June 2017: Health Estate
Eglė Rudaitytė-Lukošienė, Petras Prakas, Dalius Butkauskas, Liuda Kutkienė, Iglė Vepštaitė-Monstavičė, Elena Servienė
Diaphragm muscles of 25 sika deer (Cervus nippon) farmed in Lithuania were examined for sarcocysts of Sarcocystis species. Two new Sarcocystis species, Sarcocystis frondea and Sarcocystis nipponi, were observed using light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and characterized by 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase (cox1) sequence analyses. By LM, sarcocysts of S. frondea and S. nipponi were ribbon-shaped and had finger-like sarcocyst wall protrusions, respectively...
February 26, 2018: Parasitology Research
Stephanie L Smith, Helen V Senn, Sílvia Pérez-Espona, Megan T Wyman, Elizabeth Heap, Josephine M Pemberton
Since the mid-19th century, multiple introductions of Japanese sika deer ( Cervus nippon nippon ) and North American wapiti ( C. canadensis ) have taken place in the British Isles. While wapiti have generally been unsuccessful, sika have been very successful, especially in Scotland where they now overlap at least 40% of the range of native red deer ( C. elaphus ). Hybridization between these two species and red deer has been demonstrated in captivity and in the wild. Using a panel of 22 microsatellite loci that are highly diagnostic between red deer and sika, and moderately diagnostic between red deer and wapiti, we investigated the extent of introgression between these species in 2,943 deer sampled from around Scotland and from the English Lake District using the Bayesian clustering software STRUCTURE...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Zhipeng Li, Xiaoxu Wang, Ting Zhang, Huazhe Si, Weixiao Nan, Chao Xu, Leluo Guan, André-Denis G Wright, Guangyu Li
The dense and diverse community of microorganisms inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract of ruminant animals plays critical roles in the metabolism and absorption of nutrients, and gut associated immune function. Understanding microbial colonization in the small intestine of new born ruminants is a vital first step toward manipulating gut function through interventions during early life to produce long-term positive effects on host productivity and health. Yet the knowledge of microbiota colonization and its induced metabolites of small intestine during early life is still limited...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yu Guan, Haitao Yang, Siyu Han, Limin Feng, Tianming Wang, Jianping Ge
The authors regret the following errors occurred in the original publication of the article (Guan et al. 2017). The corrected texts have been presented with this erratum.
February 5, 2018: AMB Express
Hongwei Zhu, Qingrong Huang, Xiaoliang Hu, Wenhui Chu, Jianlong Zhang, Linlin Jiang, Xin Yu, Xingxiao Zhang, Shipeng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Caprine herpesvirus 2 (CpHV-2) infection usually induces chronic malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) in sika deer (Cervus nippon), with the primary signs of weight loss, dermatitis and alopecia. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a case of CpHV-2-associated acute MCF in a sika deer herd raised in an intensive management system distant to the reservoir goats. Affected deer developed clinical signs of high fever (41 °C) followed by nasal discharge and lameness...
February 1, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Aya Zamoto-Niikura, Masayoshi Tsuji, Wei Qiang, Shigeru Morikawa, Ken-Ichi Hanaki, Patricia J Holman, Chiaki Ishihara
Babesia divergens Asia lineage parasites, which are closely related to B. divergens in Europe and Babesia sp. MO1 in the United States, was recently reported in sika deer (Cervus nippon) in eastern Japan. To identify the tick vector(s) for this parasite, we conducted a field survey in Hokkaido, Japan where the infection rate in sika deer is the highest in the country. A specific PCR system which detects and discriminates between lineages within B. divergens and between those lineages and B. venatorum showed that Ixodes persulcatus (11/845), but not sympatric I...
January 26, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Patricia Marino, Rajae Touzani, Lionel Perrier, Etienne Rouleau, Dede Sika Kossi, Zou Zhaomin, Nathanaël Charrier, Nicolas Goardon, Claude Preudhomme, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Isabelle Borget, Sandrine Baffert
It is currently unclear if next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can be implemented in the diagnosis setting at an affordable cost. The aim of this study was to measure the total cost of performing NGS in clinical practice in France, in both germline and somatic cancer genetics.The study was performed on 15 French representative cancer molecular genetics laboratories performing NGS panels' tests. The production cost was estimated using a micro-costing method with resources consumed collected in situ in each laboratory from a healthcare provider perspective...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Noëlle Gunst, Paul L Vasey, Jean-Baptiste Leca
This is the first quantitative study of heterospecific sexual behavior between a non-human primate and a non-primate species. We observed multiple occurrences of free-ranging adolescent female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) performing mounts and sexual solicitations toward sika deer (Cervus nippon) at Minoo, central Japan. Our comparative description of monkey-deer versus monkey-monkey interactions supported the "heterospecific sexual behavior" hypothesis: the mounts and demonstrative solicitations performed by adolescent female Japanese macaques toward sika deer were sexual in nature...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Wanyun Yang, Junjun Zheng, Boyin Jia, Haijun Wei, Guiwu Wang, Fuhe Yang
Every part of the sika deer (Cervus nippon) body is valuable traditional Chinese medicine. And sika deer is the most important semi-domestic medicinal animal that is widely bred in Jilin province northeast of China. But few studies had been conducted to characterize the microsatellite markers derived from sika deer. We firstly used IlluminaHiSeq™2500 sequencing technology obtained 125Mbp genomic data of sika deer. Using microsatellite identification tool (MISA), 22,479 microsatellites were identified. From these data, 100 potential primers were selected for further polymorphic validation, finally, 76 primer pairs were successfully amplified and 29 primer pairs were found to be obvious polymorphic in 8 different individuals...
February 15, 2018: Gene
Yu Guan, Haitao Yang, Siyu Han, Limin Feng, Tianming Wang, Jianping Ge
The gut microbiota is characterized as a complex ecosystem that has effects on health and diseases of host with the interactions of many other factors together. Sika deer is the national level for the protection of wild animals in China. The available sequencing data of gut microbiota from feces of wild sika deer, especially for Cervus nippon hortulorum in Northeast China, are limited. Here, we characterized the gastrointestinal bacterial communities of wild (7 samples) and captive (12 samples) sika deer from feces, and compared their gut microbiota by analyzing the V3-V4 region of 16S rRNA gene using high-throughput sequencing technology on the Illumina Hiseq platform...
November 23, 2017: AMB Express
Maria Kaltenbrunner, Rupert Hochegger, Margit Cichna-Markl
The aim of the present study was to develop a real-time PCR assay for the identification and quantification of fallow deer (Dama dama) in food to detect food adulteration. Despite high sequence homology among different deer species, a fallow deer-specific primer/probe system targeting a fragment of the nuclear MC1-R gene was designed. This primer/probe system did not amplify DNA from 19 other animals and 50 edible plant species. Moderate cross-reactivity was observed for sika deer, red deer, roe deer, reindeer and wild boar...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Yanshuang Wang, Su Luo, Dafang Zhang, Xiaobo Qu, Yinfeng Tan
CONTEXT: Sika pilose antler type I collagen (SPC-I) have been reported to promote bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) proliferation and differentiation. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the molecular mechanisms of SPC-I on the BMSC proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast (OB) in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The primary rat BMSC was cultured and exposed to SPC-I at different concentrations (2...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Feifei Yang, Changjiu He, Xuyang Sun, Jing Wang, Can Luo, Guoshi Liu, Liguo Yang, Jiajun Xiong, Lijun Huo
Melatonin (MLT) plays an important role in regulating the physiological cycle of seasonal breeding animals. Melatonin receptor I (MT1) is effectively expressed in the cambium layer of deer antler. However, the function and metabolic mechanism of MLT/MT1 signaling in the mesenchymal cells of sika deer remain to be further elucidated. In this work, we detected the effects of MLT/MT1 signaling on mesenchymal cells proliferation and the interaction between MLT/MT1 and IGF1/IGF1-R signaling. The results show that (1) deer antler mesenchymal cells actually express MT1; (2) exogenous melatonin significantly promotes mesenchymal cells proliferation, while MT1 knock-down significantly impairs the positive effects of melatonin; and (3) melatonin significantly enhanced IGF1/IGF1-R signaling, as both the expression of IGF1 and IGF-1R increased, while MT1 knock-down significantly decreased IGF1-R expression and IGF1 synthesis...
October 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Mingjie Xing, Xiumin Chen, Xiaoxia Li, Yifeng Yang, Xiaoxu Wang, Xinyan Cao, Hailong Xue, Shiyong Wang, Yunfei Diao, Weigang Zhao, Meng Zhao, Xuezhe Cui, Tong Chang, Baozeng Xu, Haijun Wei
The histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) and tumor suppressor play an important role in genome reorganization and epigenetic regulation. In this study, granulosa cells (GCs) isolated from sika deer ovaries were cultured and treated with different concentrations of trichostatin A (TSA) for 48 h. It was found that TSA inhibited GCs proliferation and induced GCs apoptosis by upregulating expression of BAX, meanwhile, downregulating expression of GLUT3, GLUT8, BCL-XL. In addition, TSA caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 and G2/M phase accompanied by reducing expression of Cyclin D2 and CDK4...
October 24, 2017: Cell Biology International
Hino Takafumi, Tatsuya Kamii, Takunari Murai, Ryoto Yoshida, Atsuki Sato, Yasuyuki Tachiki, Rika Akamatsu, Tsuyoshi Yoshida
The sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) population in the Ramsar-listed Kushiro Wetland has increased in recent years, and the Ministry of the Environment of Japan has decided to take measures to reduce the impact of deer on the ecosystem. However, seasonal movement patterns of the deer (i.e., when and where the deer inhabit the wetland) remain unclear. We examined the seasonal movement patterns of sika deer in the Kushiro Wetland from 2013 to 2015 by analyzing GPS location data for 28 hinds captured at three sites in the wetland...
2017: PeerJ
Tomasz Szewczyk, Joanna Werszko, Żaneta Steiner-Bogdaszewska, Witold Jeżewski, Zdzisław Laskowski, Grzegorz Karbowiak
BACKGROUND: The bacteria of the genus Bartonella are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Their distribution range covers almost the entire world from America, Europe, Asia to Africa and Australia. Some species of Bartonella are pathogenic for humans. Their main vectors are blood-sucking arthropods such as fleas, ticks and blood-feeding flies. One such dipteran able to transfer vector-borne pathogens is the deer ked (Lipoptena cervi) of the family Hippoboscidae. This species acts as a transmitter of Bartonella spp...
October 16, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz, Dorota Merta, Janusz Kobielski, Katarzyna J Filip, Anna M Pyziel
Nematodes Ashworthius sidemi are typical parasites of Asiatic cervids, mostly sika deer (Cervus nippon). Migrating red deer have probably introduced this parasite to the area of Poland from neighbouring countries. The aim of the study was to determine prevalence and intensity of infection of red deer and roe deer from the Lower Silesian Wilderness with A. sidemi after one year from previous studies and to examine the influence of these parasites on other species of gastrointestinal nematodes. 31 abomasa of red deer and 3 abomasa of roe deer from Forest Dictrict of Ruszów have been examined on the presence of parasites...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
Eva Bazsalovicsová, Ludmila Juhásová, Ivica Králová-Hromadová, Steffen Rehbein
In last few years, a great effort has been made to understand genetic interrelationships of European and North American populations of giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Trematoda, Fasciolidae). In Europe, spatial distribution of this parasite is evidently dynamic and ongoing process since new F. magna populations have constantly been emerging. Most recently, occurrence of F. magna in red deer (Cervus elaphus), sika deer (Cervus nippon), fallow deer (Dama dama), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), and wild boar (Sus scrofa) was reported from north-eastern Bavaria in Germany...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
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