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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768334/a-case-report-of-b-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-with-brain-metastases-clinical-and-pathological-significance-of-head-trauma-misdiagnosis
#1
Jian Shi, Jale Manzo, Yiwu Zhou, Peter Agovino, Song Wu
INTRODUCTION: B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL) is a rare type of lymphoma that originates from precursor lymphocytes. B-BLB in adults with brain metastases is extremely rare as the disease mainly affects children and adults. Therefore, such a seldom-seen case can easily trigger a dispute regarding clinical diagnosis and treatment.This paper reports the case of a 22-year-old man hospitalized for a head injury that resulted from a physical altercation. Upon admission to the hospital, the patient was diagnosed with a diffuse axonal injury (DAI)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753251/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-particulate-matter-pm-2-5-is-associated-with-platelet-counts-in-adults
#2
Zilong Zhang, Ta-Chien Chan, Cui Guo, Ly-Yun Chang, Changqing Lin, Yuan Chieh Chuang, Wun Kai Jiang, Kin Fai Ho, Tony Tam, Kam S Woo, Alexis K H Lau, Xiang Qian Lao
BACKGROUND: The prothrombotic effects of particulate matter (PM) may underlie the association of air pollution with increased risks of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the association between long-term exposure to PM with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) and platelet counts, a marker of coagulation profiles. METHODS: The study participants were from a cohort consisting of 362,396 Taiwanese adults who participated in a standard medical examination program between 2001 and 2014...
May 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753039/screening-for-gastric-cancer-with-magnetically-controlled-capsule-gastroscopy-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#3
An-Jing Zhao, Yang-Yang Qian, Hui Sun, Xi Hou, Jun Pan, Xiao Liu, Wei Zhou, Yi-Zhi Chen, Xi Jiang, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhuan Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In some Asian countries, screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) has greatly improved the survival rate. However, patients' discomfort and the need for sedation may limit adherence to screening programs. Prior studies have shown good tolerance and good agreement of magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy (MCCG) with EGD. This study was designed to assess the application of MCCG in GC detection in an asymptomatic population...
May 9, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744763/accuracy-of-ultra-wide-field-fundus-ophthalmoscopy-assisted-deep-learning-a-machine-learning-technology-for-detecting-age-related-macular-degeneration
#4
Shinji Matsuba, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Hideharu Ohsugi, Hiroki Enno, Naofumi Ishitobi, Hiroki Masumoto, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
PURPOSE: To predict exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), we combined a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN), a machine-learning algorithm, with Optos, an ultra-wide-field fundus imaging system. METHODS: First, to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of DCNN, 364 photographic images (AMD: 137) were amplified and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity were examined. Furthermore, in order to compare the diagnostic abilities between DCNN and six ophthalmologists, we prepared yield 84 sheets comprising 50% of normal and wet-AMD data each, and calculated the correct answer rate, specificity, sensitivity, and response times...
May 9, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744264/the-prevalence-of-anemia-in-japanese-universiade-athletes-detected-with-longitudinal-preparticipation-medical-examinations
#5
Takayuki Komatsu, Fumihiro Yamasawa, Michiko Dohi, Takao Akama, Atsushi Masujima, Ichiro Kono, Takashi Kawahara
Background: No reports have evaluated the long-term trends of the prevalence of anemia in Universiade athletes using preparticipation medical examinations (PPMEs). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia among Japanese Universiade athletes, using longitudinal PPMEs. Methods: In this retrospective, observational study, athletes with published data from official reports of the Japanese delegation of the summer Universiade games between 1977 and 2011 were included, as were similar-aged nonathletes with published health data, extracted from official national reports from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare...
May 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734326/-vaccines-and-sport-risk-perception-among-athletes
#6
Elisa Terracciano, Matteo Iachini, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco
Infection prevention is a key issue in both general population and in categories at risk, among which the athletes. There are risk factors related to the sporting practice performed at every level, from the amateur to the elite athletes. The control of the vaccination schedule and the empowerment of the sportsman in this area should be carried out both by the General Practitioner or the Pediatrician and by the federations to which the athletes belong. There is a need for guidelines and it is necessary to inform the athletes...
January 2018: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728303/establishment-of-reference-scores-and-interquartile-ranges-for-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-joabpeq-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#7
Ryoji Tominaga, Miho Sekiguchi, Koji Yonemoto, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Shin-Ichi Konno
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) was developed in 2007, including the five domains of Pain-related disorder, Lumbar spine dysfunction, Gait disturbance, Social life disturbance, and Psychological disorder. It is used by physicians to evaluate treatment efficacy by comparing scores before and after treatment. However, the JOABPEQ does not allow evaluation of the severity of a patient's condition compared to the general population at a single time point...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721019/establishing-differences-in-thermographic-patterns-between-the-various-complications-in-diabetic-foot-disease
#8
Alfred Gatt, Owen Falzon, Kevin Cassar, Christian Ellul, Kenneth P Camilleri, Jean Gauci, Stephen Mizzi, Anabelle Mizzi, Cassandra Sturgeon, Liberato Camilleri, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Cynthia Formosa
Aim: To evaluate the potential of thermography as an assessment tool for the detection of foot complications by understanding the variations in temperature that occur in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: Participants were categorized according to a medical examination, ankle brachial index, doppler waveform analysis, and 10-gram monofilament testing into five groups: healthy adult, DM with no complications, DM with peripheral neuropathy, DM with neuroischaemia, and DM with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) groups...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714103/traffic-related-air-pollution-lung-function-and-host-vulnerability-new-insights-from-the-paris-birth-cohort
#9
Nicolas Bougas, Fanny Rancière, Nicole Beydon, Malika Viola, Xavier Perrot, Stephan Gabet, Guillaume Lezmi, Flore Amat, Jacques De Blic, Jocelyne Just, Isabelle Momas
RATIONALE: Although the effects of traffic-related air pollution on respiratory exacerbations have been well documented, its impact on lung function in childhood remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the associations of prenatal, early, and lifetime traffic-related air pollution exposure with lung function at 8-9 years studying possible effect modification by sex, sensitization at 8-9 years, and early lower respiratory tract infections. METHODS: We conducted this study among 788 children from the PARIS (Pollution and Asthma Risk: an Infant Study) birth cohort...
May 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713174/reac-neuromodulation-treatments-in-subjects-with-severe-socioeconomic-and-cultural-hardship-in-the-brazilian-state-of-par%C3%A3-a-family-observational-pilot-study
#10
José Alfredo Coelho Pereira, Arianna Rinaldi, Vania Fontani, Salvatore Rinaldi
Purpose: The purpose of this preliminary observational study was to evaluate the usefulness of a humanitarian initiative, aimed at improving the neuropsychological and behavioral attitude of children with severe socioeconomic and cultural hardship, in the Brazilian state of Pará. This humanitarian initiative was realized through the administration of two neuromodulation protocols, with radioelectric asymmetric conveyor (REAC) technology. During several years of clinical use, the REAC neuromodulation protocols have already proved to be effective in countering the effects of environmental stress on neuropsycho-physical functions...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709954/two-cases-of-transiently-elevated-serum-cea-levels-in-severe-hypothyroidism-without-goiter
#11
Tomonori Sekizaki, Chiho Yamamoto, Hiroshi Nomoto
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), the level of which is known to increase in both patients with gastrointestinal cancers and those with non-neoplastic conditions, is one of the most widely-used tumor markers. Hypothyroidism is a common endocrinological disorder in which CEA levels can rise, and is sometimes overlooked as a diagnosis in the absence of typical symptoms or thyroid enlargement. We report the cases of two patients with non-goiterous severe hypothyroidism with markedly elevated CEA levels that effectively decreased with levothyroxine replacement therapy alone...
April 27, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706838/some-comments-on-president-trump-s-medical-examination-in-january-2018
#12
John Davis Cantwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704448/establishment-of-new-complete-blood-count-reference-values-for-healthy-thai-adults
#13
P Wongkrajang, W Chinswangwatanakul, C Mokkhamakkun, N Chuangsuwanich, B Wesarachkitti, B Thaowto, S Laiwejpithaya, O Komkhum
INTRODUCTION: Laboratory reference ranges are essential for diagnostic orientation and treatment decision. As complete blood count parameters are influenced by various factors, including gender, geographic origin, and ethnic origin, it is important to establish specific hematologic reference values for specific populations. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687082/probiotics-and-the-development-of-very-low-birthweight-infants-follow-up-study-of-a-randomised-trial
#14
Satsuki Totsu, Masaki Terahara, Satoshi Kusuda
Abstract: <AbstractText Label="Objective" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">To investigate the effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 on the development of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants at 18 months of corrected age. Design: Long-term follow-up study of a cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Patients: VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g) born between January 2010 and March 2011 and managed at 19 neonatal intensive care unit facilities assigned to two groups to account for the effect of probiotic cross-contamination within facilities...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685594/safety-tolerability-and-immunogenicity-of-intramuscular-administration-of-prp-crm-197-hib-vaccine-to-healthy-japanese-children-an-open-label-trial
#15
Takehiro Togashi, Nodoka Mitsuya, Shuji Sumino, Yohei Takanami
BACKGROUND: Japan licensed the conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, Vaxem™ Hib, based on clinical studies using subcutaneous injection. The present study was performed to ensure this vaccine is suitable for intramuscular injection in Japanese children. METHODS: Thirty-one healthy 2-6-month-old infants received three doses of Vaxem™ Hib by intramuscular injection at 4-week intervals and a booster dose 1 year later, concomitant with routine infant (DTaP-IPV and pneumococcal) and toddler (measles-rubella) vaccines...
April 20, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684118/spontaneous-endometriosis-in-cynomolgus-monkeys-as-a-clinically-relevant-experimental-model
#16
A Nishimoto-Kakiuchi, S Netsu, S Okabayashi, K Taniguchi, H Tanimura, A Kato, M Suzuki, T Sankai, R Konno
STUDY QUESTION: Does spontaneous endometriosis in cynomolgus monkeys have the characteristics required of a good experimental model? SUMMARY ANSWER: Spontaneous endometriosis in cynomolgus monkeys exhibited similar clinicopathological characteristics to the human disease and was useful as an experimental model. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The prevalence of endometriosis in autopsied cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) in a breeding colony was reported to be 28...
April 19, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680775/numb-chin-syndrome-a-reflection-of-malignancy-or-a-harbinger-of-mronj-a-multicenter-experience
#17
Leonzio Fortunato, Massimo Amato, Michele Simeone, Francesco Bennardo, Selene Barone, Amerigo Giudice
INTRODUCTION: Numb chin syndrome (NCS) or mental neuropathy (MN) is a disorder characterized by sensory neuropathy on the distribution of the inferior alveolar nerve or mental nerve. The most frequent causes are of odontogenic origin (infections, wrong therapies). Other etiologies are related to primary tumor, metastasis, osteoradionecrosis and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The aim of this study is to highlight the clinical importance of NCS as one of the first symptoms of cancer or as consequence of drug therapy...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680493/teens-drugs-vegas-toxicological-surveillance-of-illicit-prescription-and-illegal-drug-abuse-in-adolescents-12-17-years-using-post-mortem-data-in-clark-county-nevada-from-2005-to-2015
#18
Anthea B Mahesan Paul, Lary Simms, Andrew A Mahesan, Eric Charles Belanger
Illegal drug abuse, particularly prescription drug abuse is a growing problem in the United States. Research on adolescent drug abuse is based on national self-reported data. Using local coroner data, quantitative prevalence of illegal substance toxicology and trends can be assessed to aid directed outreach and community-based prevention initiatives. Retrospective analysis was conducted on all cases aged 12-17 years referred to the Office of the Medical Examiner, Clark County from 2005 to 2015 (n = 526)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680492/the-prevalence-of-elbow-osteoarthritis-in-japanese-middle-aged-and-elderly-populations-the-relationship-between-risk-factors-and-function
#19
Noboru Oya, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Tsuyoshi Ichinose, Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Atsushi Yamamoto, Takuro Kuboi, Fumitaka Endo, Kenji Takagishi, Hirotaka Chikuda
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the prevalence of elbow osteoarthritis (OA) in populations aged 40 years or older and to clarify the risk factors and their relationship with elbow function. METHODS: The respondents were 354 residents of a single village who underwent general medical examinations in April 2016. The mean age was 67.2 years (range, 40-93 years), and 222 respondents (62.7%) were women. Anteroposterior radiographs of the bilateral elbow joints were obtained, and the subjects were classified into 4 groups (non-OA, mild OA, moderate OA, and severe OA) according to the modified Kellgren-Lawrence scale...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678854/the-relationship-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-gene-c677t-polymorphism-and-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-han-population
#20
Xinlei Mao, Liya Han
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene C677T polymorphism and ischemic stroke Large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and Small-artery occlusion (SAO) subtypes in Chinese Han Population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty LAA patients and one hundred and fifty-nine SAO patients data were prospectively collected. The control group was one hundred and ninety-eight subjects from the Medical Examination Center in the same period...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
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