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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142340/clinical-pearls-etiologies-of-superscan-appearance-on-fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#1
REVIEW
John Joseph Manov, Patrick J Roth, Russ Kuker
The term "superscan" usually refers to a characteristic pattern on skeletal scintigraphy consisting of symmetrically intense and diffuse radiotracer uptake in the skeleton with absent or diminished visualization of the genitourinary system and soft tissues. Superscans and superscan-like appearances have also been described on fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18-F-FDG PET/CT). We review reported cases of 18-F-FDG PET/CT superscans and propose criteria for differentiating pathologic superscans from physiologic causes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141407/partial-solar-radiation-exclusion-with-color-shade-nets-reduce-the-degradation-of-organic-acids-and-flavonoids-of-grape-berry-vitis-vinifera-l
#2
Johan Martínez-Lüscher, Christopher Cody Lee Chen, Luca Brillante, Sahap Kaan Kurtural
The incidence of solar radiation on red-skinned grapes can promote the synthesis of flavonoid desirable for wine production, elevated temperature may impair their accumulation. We performed a shade cloth trial covering the fruit zone (from pepper-corn size to maturity) with four polyethylene 1-meter curtains with different optical properties (20% shading factor Pearl colored and 40% shading factor Aluminet, Blue and Black colored) and a Control with no cover. Cluster temperature was 3.7°C lower on the Southwest side in Black-40% clusters during the warmest part of the day compared to Control...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136875/a-turn-on-competitive-immunochromatographic-strips-integrated-with-quantum-dots-and-gold-nano-stars-for-cadmium-ion-detection
#4
Meng Xiao, Qiangqiang Fu, Haicong Shen, Yuan Chen, Wei Xiao, Daoguang Yan, Xiaojiang Tang, Zhiyong Zhong, Yong Tang
Immunochromatographic strips (ICSs) are inexpensive, simple, portable, and robust, and therefore have many uses in the medicinal, agricultural, and environmental industries. For detection of small molecules, current ICSs are competitive format (competitive ICSs, CICSs), which only offer a turn-off readout mode, and therefore lead to low sensitivity when evaluating results by the naked eye. To overcome this problem, we report a turn-on CICSs that relies on the ability of gold nano-stars (AuNSs) quenching the signal of quantum dots (QDs)...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136595/modeling-the-temporal-dynamics-of-intertidal-benthic-infauna-biomass-with-environmental-factors-impact-assessment-of-land-reclamation
#5
Ye Yang, Ting Fong May Chui, Ping Ping Shen, Yang Yang, Ji Dong Gu
Anthropogenic activities such as land reclamation are threatening tidal marshes worldwide. This study's hypothesis is that land reclamation in a semi-enclosed bay alters the seasonal dynamics of intertidal benthic infauna, which is a key component in the tidal marsh ecosystem. Mai Po Tidal Marsh, Deep Bay, Pearl River Estuary, China was used as a case study to evaluate the hypothesis. Ecological models that simulate benthic biomass dynamics with governing environmental factors were developed, and various scenario experiments were conducted to evaluate the impact of reclamations...
November 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136532/spatial-and-temporal-distribution-of-rainfall-and-drought-characteristics-across-the-pearl-river-basin
#6
Shulin Deng, Tan Chen, Ni Yang, Lean Qu, Manchun Li, Dong Chen
Understanding rainfall trends as well as drought characteristics plays a key role in watershed development and management. In this study, the spatial and temporal characteristics of rainfall and drought based on temperature and precipitation data observed in 48 meteorological stations from 1959 to 2012 across the Pearl River Basin in China were analyzed. The possible influence of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and El Nino Modoki (ENSO_M) events on seasonal drought based on the Standardized Precipitation-evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) were also investigated...
November 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135044/occurrence-and-distribution-of-organophosphorus-flame-retardants-plasticizers-and-synthetic-musks-in-sediments-from-source-water-in-the-pearl-river-delta-china
#7
Xiangying Zeng, Liang Xu, Jing Liu, Yang Wu, Zhiqiang Yu
The Pearl River and its tributaries receive discharges of treated/untreated domestic sewage and industrial wastewater throughout the entire drainage basin. The river provides source water for many local inhabitants, and there is great concern over its pollution status. Fifteen sediment samples were collected from source water areas in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), and analyzed for the occurrence and distribution of two classes of emerging pollutants, namely, organophosphorus flame retardants (OPs) and synthetic musks...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134384/totally-robotic-single-docking-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-pearls-and-pitfalls
#8
J W T Toh, A Zakaria, I Yang, S H Kim
Total robotic resection of mid- and low rectal cancers confers technical advantages within the confines of the pelvis and allows difficult rectal cancer cases to be performed efficiently with less risk of conversion to open. To maximize the advantage of robotic surgery, we utilize the technique of single docking totally robotic dissection for rectal cancer for both the Da Vinci Si and Xi Surgical Systems. All steps are performed robotically, with the surgery divided into two phases. The first phase consists of inferior mesenteric artery and vein ligation, sigmoid and descending colon mobilization and splenic flexure takedown...
November 13, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132872/an-nrg-oncology-gog-study-of-molecular-classification-for-risk-prediction-in-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer
#9
Casey M Cosgrove, David L Tritchler, David E Cohn, David G Mutch, Craig M Rush, Heather A Lankes, William T Creasman, David S Miller, Nilsa C Ramirez, Melissa A Geller, Matthew A Powell, Floor J Backes, Lisa M Landrum, Cynthia Timmers, Adrian A Suarez, Richard J Zaino, Michael L Pearl, Paul A DiSilvestro, Shashikant B Lele, Paul J Goodfellow
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic significance of a simplified, clinically accessible classification system for endometrioid endometrial cancers combining Lynch syndrome screening and molecular risk stratification. METHODS: Tumors from NRG/GOG GOG210 were evaluated for mismatch repair defects (MSI, MMR IHC, and MLH1 methylation), POLE mutations, and loss of heterozygosity. TP53 was evaluated in a subset of cases. Tumors were assigned to four molecular classes...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132580/the-kids-are-alright-pediatric-trauma-pearls
#10
REVIEW
Angelo Mikrogianakis, Vincent Grant
Pediatric patients with trauma pose unique challenges, both practical and cognitive, to front-line care providers. The combination of anatomic, physiologic, and metabolic factors leads to unique injury patterns with different approaches and responses to treatment compared with adults. A similar traumatic mechanism can lead to slightly different internal injuries with unique management and treatment strategies between the two groups. This article is intended for community, nonpediatric trauma centers, and emergency physicians who are frequently required to assess, resuscitate, and stabilize injured children before they can be safely transferred to a pediatric trauma center for ongoing definitive care and rehabilitation...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132578/major-trauma-outside-a-trauma-center-prehospital-emergency-department-and-retrieval-considerations
#11
REVIEW
Preston J Fedor, Brian Burns, Michael Lauria, Clare Richmond
Care of the critically injured begins well before the patient arrives at a large academic trauma center. It is important to understand the continuum of care from the point of injury in the prehospital environment, through the local hospital and retrieval, until arrival at a trauma center capable of definitive care. This article highlights the important aspects of trauma assessment and management outside of tertiary or quaternary care hospitals. Key elements of each phase of care are reviewed, including management pearls and institutional strategies to facilitate effective and efficient treatment of trauma patients from the point of injury forward...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131768/from-inguinal-hernias-to-spermatic-cord-lipomas-pearls-pitfalls-and-mimics-of-abdominal-and-pelvic-hernias
#12
Miguel C Cabarrus, Benjamin M Yeh, Andrew S Phelps, Jao J Ou, Spencer C Behr
Abdominal and pelvic hernias may be indolent and detected incidentally, manifest acutely with pain and distress, or cause chronic discomfort. Physical examination findings are often ambiguous and insufficient for optimal triage. Therefore, accurate anatomic delineation and identification of complications are critical for effective treatment planning. Imaging, particularly computed tomography, provides a vital understanding of the hernia's location and size, involved viscera, and severity of associated complications...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128069/how-do-we-use-multicolor-flow-cytometry-to-detect-minimal-residual-disease-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#13
REVIEW
Jie Xu, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, Sa A Wang
Multicolor flow cytometry (MFC), combined with molecular and cytogenetic studies, is the most common method for detecting minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Studies have shown that a positive MFC MRD study after induction and/or consolidation, or before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, correlates with risk of relapse and inferior survival. However, there is little information on technical and analytical details. This article shares the authors' experience using MFC for AML MRD detection, including antibody panel design, data analysis, and interpretation...
December 2017: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127799/persistence-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-and-bacterial-community-changes-in-drinking-water-treatment-system-from-drinking-water-source-to-tap-water
#14
Hao-Chang Su, You-Sheng Liu, Chang-Gui Pan, Jun Chen, Liang-Ying He, Guang-Guo Ying
As emerging contaminants, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have become a public concern. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence and diversity of ARGs, and variation in the composition of bacterial communities in source water, drinking water treatment plants, and tap water in the Pearl River Delta region, South China. Various ARGs were present in the different types of water. Among the 27 target ARGs, floR and sul1 dominated in source water from three large rivers in the region. Pearson correlation analysis suggested that sul1, sul2, floR, and cmlA could be potential indicators for ARGs in water samples...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126795/providers-perspectives-of-barriers-experienced-in-maternal-health-care-among-marshallese-women
#15
Britni L Ayers, Nicola L Hawley, Rachel S Purvis, Sarah J Moore, Pearl A McElfish
PROBLEM: Pacific Islanders are disproportionately burdened by poorer maternal health outcomes with higher rates of pre-term births, low birth weight babies, infant mortality, and inadequate or no prenatal care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to explore maternal health care providers' perceptions and experiences of barriers in providing care to Marshallese women, and (2) providers perceived barriers of access to care among Marshallese women. This is the first paper to explore perceived barriers to maternal health care among a Marshallese community from maternal health care providers' perspectives in the United States...
November 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121123/clinical-pearl-mastering-the-flexible-scalpel-blade-with-the-banana-practice-model
#16
Wesley Wu, Leonard Goldberg, Marc Rubenzik, Blake Zelickson
This article describes the various applications of the flexible scalpel blade (FSB), the utility of the banana as a convenient and exceptional training instrument, and the intricacies of mastering the technique for students of different training levels.
September 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119991/templated-self-assembly-of-one-dimensional-cspbx3-perovskite-nanocrystal-superlattices
#17
Aizhao Pan, Matthew Jurow, Yanrui Zhao, Fen Qiu, Ya Liu, Juan Yang, Jeffrey J Urban, Ling He, Yi Liu
Ordered self-assembled arrays or superstructures of nanocrystals (NCs) have attracted intense research interest due to their ability to translate valuable nanoscale properties to larger length scales. Numerous techniques have been explored to induce self-assembly into various superstructures. Here we investigated a simple kinetic approach to form self-assembled one-dimensional perovskite CsPbX3 (X: halides) nanocrystal arrays templated inside a pod shaped inert lead sulfate (PbSO4) scaffold. Both the solvent effects, and the self-assembly process and mechanism, are systematically studied based on a uniform procedure developed to generate CsPbX3 nanocrystal superlattices with different sizes and compositions...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116976/pearls-connecting-societal-forces-social-determinants-and-health-outcomes
#18
William Ventres, Jay D Kravitz, Shafik Dharamsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115960/should-the-poor-have-no-medicines-to-cure-a-study-on-the-association-between-social-class-and-social-security-among-the-rural-migrant-workers-in-urban-china
#19
Ming Guan
BACKGROUND: The rampant urbanization and medical marketization in China have resulted in increased vulnerabilities to health and socioeconomic disparities among the rural migrant workers in urban China. In the Chinese context, the socioeconomic characteristics of rural migrant workers have attracted considerable research attention in the recent past years. However, to date, no previous studies have explored the association between the socioeconomic factors and social security among the rural migrant workers in urban China...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115751/using-videoed-workshops-in-interdisciplinary-research-with-people-who-have-disabilities
#20
Fiona Timmins, Pearl O'rourke, Annamaria Bagnasco, Bernard Timmins, Ray Ekins, Siobhan Long, Giuseppe Aleo, Loredana Sasso
BACKGROUND: Internationally, interdisciplinary research is advocated in healthcare. Such research receives great respect, particularly from funding bodies, which expect innovations in healthcare to emerge from a whole team rather than a single discipline. However, little guidance exists about the process and structures for such research. AIM: To explore and explain the use of videoed workshops and mixed-media artefacts to collect data, and explore the benefits and challenges for interdisciplinary healthcare research...
September 19, 2017: Nurse Researcher
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