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Murlidhar R Sastri, Vijaysinh Ramchandra Tanpure, Firoz Babu Palagi, Sagar Kundlik Shinde, Kapil Ladhe, Tejaswin Polepalle
BACKGROUND: General dental practitioners and non-orthodontic specialty can play an essential role of education and motivation of their patients about the principles and practice of orthodontic treatment; which can be very beneficial to the patient's lifestyle. It is, therefore, important to identify their level of knowledge and attitude toward orthodontic treatment. This study was planned to study this aspect in the form of comparative analysis in general dental practitioners and other specialties (except orthodontia) in dentistry...
March 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
L Y Sharab, L A Morford, J Dempsey, G Falcão-Alencar, A Mason, E Jacobson, G T Kluemper, J V Macri, J K Hartsfield
OBJECTIVE: As genetic variation accounts for two-thirds of the variation in external apical root resorption (EARR) concurrent with orthodontic treatment, we analyzed the association of selected genetic and treatment-related factors with EARR concurrent with orthodontic treatment. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: This case-control study of 134 unrelated, orthodontically treated Caucasian individuals was conducted in part at an Indiana Private Practice, Indiana University and the University of Kentucky...
April 2015: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Tina Chugh, Abhay Kumar Jain, Raj Kumar Jaiswal, Praveen Mehrotra, Rachita Mehrotra
BACKGROUND: Researchers have generally focused on tissue reactions occurring within the periodontal ligament and bone to find possible explanation for various clinical phenomena, with less attention being paid to the inherent bone density. Recently, regional differences in jaw anatomy and bone structure including bone density have become important issue to explain some of the variation in clinical practice with respect to tooth movement, implant success rate, anchorage loss etc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intent of this review is to discuss various methods and classification proposed to determine bone density in particular area and its importance in field of orthodontia...
May 2013: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Sang Hwa Lee, Leonard B Kaban, Edward T Lahey
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term stability of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent MMA and genial tubercle advancement (GTA) for treatment of OSA. Patients were included if they 1) were older than 19 years; 2) had a confirmatory polysomnogram; 3) underwent a Le Fort I osteotomy, bilateral sagittal split osteotomies, and GTA; 4) had adequate radiographic documentation; and 5) at least 11 months of follow-up...
April 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sheldon Peck
The professional distinction of "surgeon-dentist," created in France in the 18th century, stimulated dentistry's early advance as a learned profession. By 1841, Pierre-Joachim Lefoulon coined the term "orthodontosie," which was the root of "orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics" as a distinct academic field and a specialty. In 1907, the American Orthodontist became the first scientific journal in the world completely devoted to orthodontics. Its failure after 5 years of publication prompted former editor Martin Dewey to find a new publisher for an orthodontic specialty journal...
January 2015: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Harshitha K R, Srinath N, Sunil Christopher, H Nanda Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the changes of soft and hard tissues after anterior segmental osteotomy and to evaluate these changes using cepahalometric and photometric analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients aged 18-30 years who underwent anterior segmental osteotomy were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative records consisted of lateral cephalogram and frontal and lateral photographs. Postoperative measurements were taken six months after surgery...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1954: Revista Odontologica
Justine C Lee, Ginger C Slack, Ryann Walker, Lindsay Graves, Sandra Yen, Jessica Woo, Rishal Ambaram, Martin G Martz, Henry K Kawamoto, James P Bradley
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate surgery in the developing child is known to be associated with maxillary hypoplasia. However, the effects of nonsurgical manipulations on maxillary growth have not been well investigated. The authors present the contribution of orthodontic dental space closure with canine substitution to maxillary hypoplasia and the need for orthognathic surgery. METHODS: Cleft lip/palate and cleft palate patients older than 15 years of age were reviewed for dental anomalies, orthodontic canine substitution, and Le Fort I advancement...
February 2014: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Gulfem Ergun, Ayse Seda Yucel
Increasing the vertical dimension is essential to resolving problems associated with deep bite. Restorative dentistry, orthodontia, and oral surgery are the three disciplines that can help to gain the vertical dimension necessary in these patients. This clinical report presents the results of increasing vertical dimension with a full-mouth restorative treatment procedure for a 40-year-old male patient who exhibited severe deep bite. After clinical evaluation, extraoral examination showed a reduction of the lower facial height and protuberant lips, wrinkles, drooping, and overclosed commissures...
July 2014: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Giuseppe Coscia, Vincenzo Coscia, Vincenzo Peluso, Francesco Addabbo
PURPOSE: This study used cone-beam computed tomography to evaluate morphologic changes of the mandibular anterior ridge after using augmented corticotomy plus accelerated orthodontia to decompensate mandibular incisors in patients with surgical skeletal Class III. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients (8 men, 6 women; mean age, 26.14 yr) with skeletal Class III were treated before orthognathic surgery with a technique that combined corticotomy, bone grafting, and accelerated orthodontic forces to decompensate the lower incisors...
October 2013: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
C Guilleminault, Y S Huang, P J Monteyrol, R Sato, S Quo, C H Lin
BACKGROUND: Limited studies suggest that pubertal development may lead to a recurrence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) despite previous curative surgery. Our study evaluates the impact of myofunctional reeducation in children with SDB referred for adenotonsillectomy, orthodontia, and myofunctional treatment in three different geographic areas. METHODS: A retrospective investigation of children with polysomnographic analysis following adenotonsillectomy were referred for orthodontic treatment and were considered for myofunctional therapy...
June 2013: Sleep Medicine
Akihiro Suzuki, Yoshiko Onodera, Sayuri M Mitamura, Keiko Mamiya, Takayuki Kunisawa, Osamu Takahata, John J Henderson, Hiroshi Iwasaki
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Pentax-AWS Airway Scope (AWS) in comparison to the Macintosh laryngoscope during nasotracheal intubation. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. SETTING: Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: 90 ASA physical status 1 and 2 adults, aged 18 to 72 years, scheduled for orthodontia surgery requiring nasotracheal intubation. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to three groups to undergo tracheal intubation with a Macintosh laryngoscope (Group Mac; n = 30), AWS with its tip inserted into the vallecula for indirect elevation of the epiglottis (Group AWS-I; n = 30), or AWS with its tip positioned posterior to the epiglottis for direct elevation of the epiglottis (Group AWS-D; n = 30)...
November 2012: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Christian Guilleminault, Yu-Shu Huang, Stacey Quo, Pierre-Jean Monteyrol, Cheng-Hui Lin
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to better understand the reappearance of sleep apnoea in adolescents considered cured of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) following adenotonsillectomy and orthodontic treatment. STUDY DESIGN: The study employs a retrospective analysis of 29 adolescents (nine girls and 20 boys) with OSA previously treated with adenotonsillectomy and orthodontia at a mean age of 7.5years. During follow-up at 11 and 14years of age, patients were clinically evaluated, filled the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and had systematic cephalometric X-rays performed by orthodontists...
January 2013: Sleep Medicine
Alberto M Heredia Rizo, Ángel Oliva Pascual-Vaca, Manuel Albornoz Cabello, Cleofás Rodríguez Blanco, Fernando Piña Pozo, Antonio Luque Carrasco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the immediate differences in craniocervical posture and pressure pain threshold of the greater occipital (GO) nerve in asymptomatic subjects with a history of having used orthodontics, after intervention by a suboccipital muscle inhibition (SMI) technique. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, clinical study with a sample of 24 subjects (21±1.78 years) that were divided into an experimental group (n=12) who underwent the SMI technique and a sham group (n=12) who underwent a sham (placebo) intervention...
July 2012: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
P Linhartova, P Cernochova, L Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVE: External apical root resorption (EARR) is permanent shortening of the end of the tooth root. It is a common clinical complication of orthodontic treatment. Polymorphisms in the interleukin 1 (IL1) gene cluster have been related to an increased EARR risk. The aim of this study was to analyze possible associations of IL1 gene variants with EARR in Czech population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 32 patients with EARR (age 15.0 ± 4.1 years) and 74 controls (age 15...
April 2013: Oral Diseases
R C Wiener, M A Wiener
INTRODUCTION: Of children aged 0-17 years in the USA, an estimated 11 203 616 (15.1%; 95% CI: 14.8, 15.3) are Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN). The state of West Virginia, the heart of Appalachia, has a land mass which is 97.65% rural with previously identified high overall dental need and oral health disparities. It is home to an estimated 70 609 CSHCN, or 18.5% (95% CI: 17.0, 19.9) of the state's children in 2009-2010. The purpose of this study was to determine the parent/guardian's perceived unmet dental care need of CSHCN in West Virginia...
2012: Rural and Remote Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1945: Dental Survey
Sunali Khanna
The clinical use of information technology in the dental profession has increased substantially in the past 10 to 20 years. In most developing countries an insufficiency of medical and dental specialists has increased the mortality of patients suffering from various diseases. Employing technology, especially artificial intelligence technology, in medical and dental application could reduce cost, time, human expertise and medical error. This approach has the potential to revolutionise the dental public health scenario in developing countries...
August 2010: International Dental Journal
Jason N Stamboulieh, Jack M Neagle, Roger Throndson
Orthognathic surgery is routinely performed for patients with dentofacial deformity and has been conducted for more than 100 years (1). Orthognathic Surgery is a functional and esthetic surgery that affects patients self perception. Patients have noted an improvement in their facial appearance after orthognathic surgery that was associated with improvement in psychosocial adjustments (2). When the decision to move both the maxilla and the mandible is made, there are numerous variables to be considered. Among these variables are the stability of double jaw surgery, improving the masticatory function of the patient and lastly, the esthetic result...
June 2010: Texas Dental Journal
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