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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651856/postoperative-fixation-after-repositioning-of-premaxilla-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-case-report
#1
M Koťová, M Dušková, E Leamerová, W Urbanová, K Schwarzmannová, K Novotná, A Sukop
This article presents orthodontic-surgical treatment in an eight-year-old patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate where premaxilla was surgically repositioned in the mixed dentition stage. By cranial and dorsal insertion of the premaxilla were created satisfactory occlusal relationship for ongoing eruption of permanent teeth, together with functional lip closure, improved pronunciation and a positive change in appearance of the centrofacial area. Reposition of premaxilla was associated with bilateral alveolar bone grafting of the cleft defect with cancellous bone from the iliac crest...
2018: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617755/soft-and-hard-tissue-changes-following-treatment-of-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion-with-activator-versus-trainer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ghassan Idris, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Azzam Al-Jundi
Background: Increased awareness on the role of oral functions in the aetiology of Class II deformities has led to the wide spread of myofunctional training appliances as easy and possibly effective treatment for children with Class II malocclusion but their efficacy is yet to be proven. Objectives: To evaluate soft- and hard-tissue changes following 12 months of Class II division 1 treatment in growing patients with a conventional functional appliance (a modified Activator) versus a myofunctional Trainer system (T4K®)...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610781/three-dimensional-registration-of-real-jaw-motion-tracking-data-and-its-therapeutic-consequences
#3
Andreas Kurbad
When determined by conventional jaw relation recording methods, the real position of the condyle remains largely unclear because the geometric relationship between the reference point and the position of the condyle is unknown. Sicat Function combines cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data with digital jaw motion tracking (JMT) data and digital intraoral surface data. It is thus capable of measuring and visualizing patient-specific jaw movements. The corresponding patient-specific treatment position can be defined and integrated in various therapeutic appliances, eg, repositioning splints designed to increase the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO)...
2018: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609278/-influence-of-wechat-platform-on-the-compliance-of-continuous-treatment-of-scar-in-adult-burn-patients
#4
F Wang, H L Zhang
Objective: To explore influence of the WeChat platform on the compliance of continuous treatment of scar in adult burn patients. Methods: A total of 124 adult burn patients, conforming to the study criteria, admitted in the Department of Burns of our hospital from January 2015 to January 2016 were divided into WeChat group ( n =63) and control group ( n =61) according to the random number table. Patients in control group only received regular discharging rehabilitation guide, while patients in WeChat group received regular discharging rehabilitation guide and joined WeChat platform after being discharged from hospital...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583018/how-patient-selected-colors-for-removable-appliances-are-reflected-in-electronically-tracked-compliance-wear-times-and-wear-behavior
#5
Timm C Schott, Dieter Menne
OBJECTIVES: A broad spectrum of colors for removable appliances, intended to optimize acceptance of treatment and patient cooperation, have been available on the dental market for years. This is the first study to analyze how patient-selected colors are reflected in wear times and wear behavior of removable appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 117 children (55 girls and 62 boys) who were treated with active removable plate or functional appliances...
March 27, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561658/mechanical-properties-of-orthodontic-wires-covered-with-a-polyether-ether-ketone-tube
#6
Nobukazu Shirakawa, Toshio Iwata, Shinjiro Miyake, Takero Otuka, So Koizumi, Toshitugu Kawata
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the esthetics and frictional force of an orthodontic wire passed through a newly designed tube made of a polyether ether ketone (PEEK) resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two types of standard PEEK tubes were prepared at 0.5 × 0.6ф and 0.8 × 0.9ф, and different archwires were passed through the tubes. Color values were determined according to brightness and hues. Friction was assessed with different bracket-wire combinations, and surface roughness was determined by stereomicroscopy before and after the application of friction...
March 21, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552036/self-assembled-monolayers-for-dental-implants
#7
REVIEW
Sidónio C Freitas, Alejandra Correa-Uribe, M Cristina L Martins, Alejandro Pelaez-Vargas
Implant-based therapy is a mature approach to recover the health conditions of patients affected by edentulism. Thousands of dental implants are placed each year since their introduction in the 80s. However, implantology faces challenges that require more research strategies such as new support therapies for a world population with a continuous increase of life expectancy, to control periodontal status and new bioactive surfaces for implants. The present review is focused on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for dental implant materials as a nanoscale-processing approach to modify titanium surfaces...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534303/orthodontic-treatment-for-prominent-upper-front-teeth-class-ii-malocclusion-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Klaus Bsl Batista, Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Kevin D O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year-old children in the UK. The condition develops when permanent teeth erupt. These teeth are more likely to be injured and their appearance can cause significant distress. Children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of their teeth. If a child is referred at a young age, the orthodontist is faced with the dilemma of whether to treat the patient early or to wait and provide treatment in adolescence...
March 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532318/impact-of-orthodontic-treatment-on-adolescents-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-treated-and-untreated-individuals
#9
Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Thiago Rezende Dos Santos, Camilo Aquino Melgaço, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Abreu, Elizabeth Maria Bastos Lages, Saul Martins Paiva
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of fixed appliance therapy on the quality of life of a cohort of Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The treatment group was composed of individuals who started orthodontic treatment. The control group was composed of individuals not selected for immediate treatment. Adolescents answered the Brazilian short form of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14 ). Higher scores indicate a greater negative impact on quality of life. Adolescents in the treatment group completed four sets of interviews: prior to appliances' bonding (T1), 1 month (T2), 6 months (T3) and 12 months (T4) after appliances' placement...
March 12, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517274/comparative-evaluation-of-treatment-effects-between-two-fixed-functional-appliances-for-correction-of-class-ii-malocclusion-a-single-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Vinni Arora, Rekha Sharma, Sonal Chowdhary
The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of PowerScope and Forsus in the treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion. Materials and Methods This was a 2-arm parallel, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 28 Class II division 1 malocclusion patients indicated for treatment with fixed functional appliances were randomized and equally divided (n = 14) among PowerScope (American Orthodontics, Sheboygan, Wis; mean age 14.11 ± 1.3 years) and Forsus (3M Unitek Corp, Monrovia, Calif; mean age 15...
March 8, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513209/pharmacotherapy-in-temporomandibular-disorders-a-review
#11
Aviv Ouanounou, Michael Goldberg, Daniel A Haas
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a collective term that includes disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and of the masticatory muscles and their associated structures. TMDs are characterized by pain, joint sounds and restricted mandibular movement, and drugs are widely used in the management of that pain. Pharmacological agents commonly used for the treatment of TMDs include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, corticosteroids, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, anticonvulsants and benzodiazepines...
July 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501118/interdisciplinary-treatment-for-a-compensated-class-ii-partially-edentulous-malocclusion-orthodontic-creation-of-a-posterior-implant-site
#12
Grace Chiu, Chris Chang, W Eugene Roberts
A 36-year-old woman with good periodontal health sought treatment for a compensated Class II partially edentulous malocclusion associated with a steep mandibular plane (SN-MP, 45°), 9 missing teeth, a 3-mm midline discrepancy, and compromised posterior occlusal function. She had multiple carious lesions, a failing fixed prostheses in the mandibular right quadrant replacing the right first molar, and a severely atrophic edentulous ridge in the area around the mandibular left first and second molars. After restoration of the caries, the mandibular left third molar served as anchorage to correct the mandibular arch crowding...
March 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476029/openprescribing-normalised-data-and-software-tool-to-research-trends-in-english-nhs-primary-care-prescribing-1998-2016
#13
Helen J Curtis, Ben Goldacre
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compile and normalise England's national prescribing data for 1998-2016 to facilitate research on long-term time trends and create an open-data exploration tool for wider use. DESIGN: We compiled data from each individual year's national statistical publications and normalised them by mapping each drug to its current classification within the national formulary where possible. We created a freely accessible, interactive web tool to allow anyone to interact with the processed data...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464288/mandibular-fossa-morphology-during-therapy-with-a-fixed-functional-orthodontic-appliance-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#14
Gero Stefan Michael Kinzinger, Jan Hourfar, Cornelia Kober, Jörg Alexander Lisson
OBJECTIVE: During therapy of distoclusion entailing a rigid, fixed orthodontic appliance, the mandibular fossa and condyle are ideally remodeled, while dentoalveolar effects occur through adaptive mechanisms. Adaptive processes, especially in the fossa region, have not been adequately investigated. Our magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigation aimed to assess the effects of therapy with a functional mandibular advancer (FMA) on mandibular fossa morphology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We monitored via MRI the therapeutic course of 25 patients at three time points...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461225/characteristics-of-emg-activity-of-masticatory-muscles-in-functional-treatment-of-patients-at-retention-stage
#15
L Smaglyuk, K Solovei, A Liakhovska
The aim of the research was to study changes of EMG-activity of masticatory muscles after functional therapy at the retention stage after active orthodontic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 55 people at the beginning of the retention stage after active orthodontic treatment. Patients of the study group were carried out functional therapy using proposed appliance during 3 month. The control group used the standard retention method. Clinical examination and EMG of masticatory muscles was performed to all patients at the beginning of the retention and in tree months...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454076/the-biological-basis-of-treating-jaw-discrepancies-an-interplay-of-mechanical-forces-and-skeletal-configuration
#16
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407498/no-association-between-types-of-unilateral-mandibular-condylar-abnormalities-and-facial-asymmetry-in-orthopedic-treated-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#17
Peter Bangsgaard Stoustrup, Nicole Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Lehn, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Linda Z Arvidsson, Marinka Twilt, Paolo M Cattaneo, Annelise Küseler, Anne Estmann Christensen, Troels Herlin, Thomas Klit Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Dentofacial asymmetries are often observed in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvements. The aim of this split-face study was to associate types of radiologic TMJ abnormalities with the degree of dentofacial asymmetry in patients with unilateral TMJ involvements assessed with cone-beam computed tomography. METHODS: Forty-seven JIA patients and 19 nonarthritic control subjects were included in the study...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405512/ready-made-versus-custom-made-mandibular-advancement-appliances-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ama Johal, Bahn Agha
Mandibular advancement appliances (MAAs) are an increasingly accepted treatment choice in obstructive sleep apnea management. The ready-made MAAs has questioned the need for a customised MAAs, given the former is more accessible and considerably cheaper. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate both objective and patient-centred outcomes in relation to ready-made and custom-made MAAs s. Biomedical electronic databases, clinical trials registers and Grey literature were searched to January 2017, for randomised controlled trials...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390172/orthodontic-treatment-for-deep-bite-and-retroclined-upper-front-teeth-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Susan J Cunningham, Kevin D O'Brien, Philip E Benson, Cesar M de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: A Class II division 2 malocclusion is characterised by upper front teeth that are retroclined (tilted toward the roof of the mouth) and an increased overbite (deep overbite), which can cause oral problems and may affect appearance.This problem can be corrected by the use of special dental braces (functional appliances) that move the upper front teeth forward and change the growth of the upper or lower jaws, or both. Most types of functional appliances are removable and this treatment approach does not usually require extraction of any permanent teeth...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363677/decoronation-of-an-ankylosed-tooth-postoperative-restoration-by-means-of-an-intermediate-fixed-orthodontic-laboratory-device
#20
Shmuel Einy, Arieh Y Kaufman, Margarita Yoshpe, Nir Philosoph, Dror Aizenbud, Shaul Lin
Rehabilitation of missing decoronated permanent incisors in growing children and adolescents is a major challenge. The psychologic impact of the loss of an incisor is significant due to its immediate influence on facial appearance. Final restoration is planned only after skeletal growth cessation. Consequently, the fabrication and installation of an immediate temporary restoration, which is expected to remain in place for a long period, must meet the patient's esthetic demands and be durable in the oral environment...
January 22, 2018: Quintessence International
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