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Cholangiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192546/drip-infusion-cholangiography-with-ct-in-cats
#1
Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hideo Akiyoshi, Keiichiro Mie, Hitoshi Shimazaki, Fumihito Ohashi
Objectives Ultrasonography can detect extrahepatic biliary obstructions. However, visualisation of part of the bile duct using ultrasonography can be technically difficult if there is overlying bowel gas. This study investigated the safety and value of drip infusion cholangiography with computed tomography (DIC-CT) in the visualisation of the bile duct in healthy cats and extrahepatic biliary obstruction in cats with cholelithiasis. Methods DIC-CT was performed in three healthy cats and two cats with cholelithiasis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181777/the-utilization-of-fluorescent-cholangiography-during-robotic-cholecystectomy-at-an-inner-city-academic-medical-center
#2
Sidharth Sharma, Raymond Huang, Shirley Hui, Michael C Smith, Paul J Chung, Alexander Schwartzman, Gainosuke Sugiyama
In recent years, fluorescent cholangiography using Indocyanine green (ICG) dye has been used to aid identification of structures during robotic cholecystectomy. We sought to compare cholecystectomy with ICG dye versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy at an inner-city academic medical center. Between January 2013 and July 2016, we identified 287 patients of which 191 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 96 patients underwent robotic cholecystectomy with ICG dye. Preoperative risk variables of interest included age, sex, race, body mass index (BMI), and acute cholecystitis...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177915/-precancerous-and-early-stage-cancer-of-the-bile-duct-system
#3
REVIEW
H-M Tautenhahn, S Brückner, F Rauchfuß, F Donndorf, M Ardelt, R Fahrner, A Tannapfel, U Settmacher
Early stage cancer of the bile duct system is still difficult to diagnose. In cases of suspect lesions a stepwise diagnostic procedure consisting of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with MR cholangiography (MRC) and possibly endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with brush cytology should immediately be carried out. If there is a sufficient suspicion for premalignancy or early stage cancer the indications for surgical intervention should clearly be defined. Only resection can lead to a decrease in the recurrence rate and a better long-term outcome...
November 24, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166696/-fluorescence-cholangiography-in-comparison-to-radiographic-cholangiography-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#4
Viktoria Pax, Sylke Schneider-Koriath, Martin Scholz, Reiko Wießner, Kaja Ludwig
Background The reported incidence rate of bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is 0.3%. However, routine use of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is a controversial, due to the additional cost and radiation exposure. The aim of this study was to assess the application of fluorescence cholangiography (FC) in comparison to IOC and to LC without any intraoperative imaging. Materials and Methods This prospective study included 230 patients undergoing LC in our institution. The subjects were divided into two groups...
November 22, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137249/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-versus-laparoscopic-exploration-for-common-bile-duct-stones-in-post-cholecystectomy-patients-a-retrospective-study
#5
Xiaohong Wang, Chenguang Dai, Zhonghua Jiang, Lili Zhao, Min Wang, Limei Ma, Xueming Tan, Li Liu, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan
Background and Objective: Common bile duct (CBD) stones are common in patients even after cholecystectomy. Besides endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP), laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is also applied. This study aims to compare clinical indications, therapeutic benefits and complications for these two managements. Methods: From October 2012 to February 2015, 1072 consecutive patients were diagnosed as choledocholithiasis in our single hospital...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128386/a-pilot-study-of-endoscopically-inserted-biodegradable-biliary-stents-in-the-treatment-of-benign-biliary-strictures-and-cystic-duct-leaks
#6
Antti Siiki, Irina Rinta-Kiikka, Juhani Sand, Johanna Laukkarinen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Self-expanding biodegradable biliary stents (BDBSs) have recently become available for use in endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of novel BDBS in iatrogenic cystic duct leaks and benign biliary strictures (BBSs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients providing informed consent were recruited for the prospective study. Braided self-expanding poly-dioxanone BDBSs were inserted in ERC during the period 2012 to 2016...
November 8, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120568/common-bile-duct-stricture-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-case-report
#7
Ivan Zoričić, Ivo Soldo, Ivan Simović, Marko Sever, Branko Bakula, Martin Grbavac, Marinko Marušić, Anamaria Soldo
Despite progress in laparoscopic surgery and increasing surgical experience, the incidence of bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy fails to fall below 0.3%-0.6% and it is still higher than those recorded in the era of open cholecystectomy. Bile duct injuries belong to the most serious complications of abdominal surgery in general and often end up with liver transplantation as the only hope for cure. We present a case of a 78-year-old jaundiced male patient who sustained common hepatic duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy eight months earlier...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118690/pneumoperitoneum-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-due-to-rupture-of-intrahepatic-bile-ducts-and-glisson-s-capsule-in-hepatic-metastasis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Mohamad Nawras, Muhammad Bawany, Jacob Bieszczad, Osama Alaradi, Ali Nawras
Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been proven to be a safe and effective method for diagnosis and treatment of biliary and pancreatic disorders. Major complications of ERCP include pancreatitis, hemorrhage, cholangitis, and duodenal perforation. We report a third case in literature of pneumoperitoneum after ERCP due to rupture of intrahepatic bile ducts and Glisson's capsule in a peripheral hepatic lesion. Case Report: A 50-year-old male with a history of metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor and who had a partially covered metallic stent placed in the biliary tree 1 year ago presented to the oncology clinic with fatigue, abdominal pain, and hypotension...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118564/sex-related-differences-in-predicting-choledocholithiasis-using-current-american-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-risk-criteria
#9
Ankit Chhoda, Deepanshu Jain, Shashideep Singhal
Background: American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) criteria is widely used to predict probability of choledocholithiasis among patients with symptomatic gallstone disease but does not take sex into consideration. Methods: The cohort study included patients who underwent either endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or intraoperative cholangiography for suspected choledocholithiasis at our medical center. Clinical, laboratory and radiological data were collected for each patient and used to stratify them based on the ASGE risk criteria for choledocholithiasis...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112097/predictive-factors-for-long-operative-duration-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiography-for-combined-choledochocystolithiasis
#10
Ryukyung Lee, Heontak Ha, Young Seok Han, Min Kyu Jung, Jae Min Chun
PURPOSE: Choledochocystolithiasis and its associated complications such as cholangitis and pancreatitis are managed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC), with endoscopic stone extraction followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). However, affected patients present with complex conditions linked to operative difficulties in performing LC. The aim of this study was to elucidate the predictive factors for a prolonged LC procedure following ERC for treating patients with choledochocystolithiasis...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078868/hospital-readmission-after-ambulatory-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-incidence-and-predictors
#11
Eric B Rosero, Girish P Joshi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the rate of 30-d hospital readmissions after ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2009 to 2011 State Ambulatory Surgery and Services and State Inpatient Databases from California, Florida, and New York were analyzed to evaluate the incidence of 30-d readmissions after laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in outpatient settings. Hospital transfers and the principal diagnoses of hospital readmission were analyzed as secondary outcomes...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067576/a-new-fluorescence-imaging-technique-for-visualizing-hepatobiliary-structures-using-sodium-fluorescein-result-of-a-preclinical-study-in-a-rat-model
#12
Sam-Youl Yoon, Chang Min Lee, Tae-Jin Song, Hyung Joon Han, Seonghan Kim
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared fluorescence imaging has been recently applied in the field of hepatobiliary surgery. Our objective was to apply blue light fluorescence imaging to cholangiography and liver mapping during laparoscopic surgery. Therefore, we designed a preclinical study to evaluate the feasibility of using blue light fluorescence for cholangiography and liver mapping in a rat model. METHODS: Sodium fluorescein solution (1 mL to each individual) were administered intravenously to 20 male Sprague-Dawley rats (6 weeks old, 200-250 g), after laparotomy...
October 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054396/clinical-outcome-after-biliary-drainage-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-survival-analysis-and-prognostic-factors
#13
Floriane Sellier, Erwan Bories, Camille Sibertin-Blanc, Karolina Griffiths, Laetitia Dahan, Marc Giovannini, Jean Gaudart, Jean-Franois Seitz, Rene Laugier, Fabrice Caillol, Philippe Grandval
INTRODUCTION: Biliary obstruction secondary to colorectal cancer liver metastases is associated with a poor prognosis especially when chemotherapy cannot be re-started. The aim of this study was to determine the survival after biliary drainage and the associated prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients from two French centers were included retrospectively after first biliary endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography drainage for biliary obstruction secondary to liver metastases of colorectal cancer, occurring during chemotherapy...
September 21, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049233/pediatric-types-i-and-vi-choledochal-cysts-complicated-with-acute-pancreatitis-and-spontaneous-perforation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Ching-Chung Tsai, Po-Kai Huang, Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yu-Tsun Su, Ming-Chun Yang, Ming-Lun Yeh
RATIONALE: Choledochal cysts are a congenital disorder of the common bile duct that can cause progressive biliary obstruction and biliary cirrhosis. They were classified by Todani into five types. Of these, type VI choledochal cysts are rarely reported in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-month-old girl presented with intermittent epigastralgia for approximately 10 days and fever for three days. Fasting and total parenteral nutrition were administered after admission...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033769/ascending-cholangitis-due-to-heavy-lifting
#15
M J Bakkum, R J L F Loffeld
Gallstone disease is the most common risk factor for cholangitis. In an anatomically normal bile duct system, cholangitis does not occur without the presence of stones. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with papillotomy and stone extraction is a well-established curative therapy for gallstones in the common bile duct. More important, papillotomy prevents recurrent episodes. The present case report describes a 73-year-old male with recurring cholangitis in a clear bile duct system after previous papillotomy...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031964/-the-thoracic-surgeon-and-the-management-of-the-bronchial-biliary-fistula-of-hydatid-origin
#16
S Rabiou, L Belliraj, F Z Ammor, I Issoufou, B Sylla, M Lakranbi, Y Ouadnouni, D Benajah, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: The bronchial biliary fistula surgery is a major one, always going with a higher rate of complication especially in case of bile duct obstruction. The aim of this study is to find out the contribution of endoscopic sphincterotomy while reporting the results of surgical treatment of bronchial biliary fistulae by exclusive thoracotomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study, which took place in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital Hassan II, from January 2009 to March 2016...
October 12, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026274/a-case-of-an-infant-with-congenital-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency-and-normalized-liver-histology-of-infantile-cholestasis-after-hormone-replacement-therapy
#17
Keisuke Wada, Hironori Kobayashi, Aisa Moriyama, Yasuhiro Haneda, Yuichi Mushimoto, Yuki Hasegawa, Kazumichi Onigata, Koji Kumori, Noriyoshi Ishikawa, Riruke Maruyama, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Lynne Murphy, Takeshi Taketani
Congenital combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) may present with cholestasis in the neonate or during early infancy. However, its precise mechanism is unknown. A 3-mo-old boy presented with cryptorchidism and hypoplastic scrotum after birth. Neonatal jaundice was noted but temporarily improved with phototherapy. Jaundice recurred at 2 mo of age. Elevated direct bilirubin (D-Bil) and liver dysfunction were found but cholangiography showed no signs of biliary atresia (BA). Liver biopsy findings showed giant cell formation of hepatocytes with hypoplastic bile ducts...
2017: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023905/cholangiopathy-in-critically-ill-patients-surviving-beyond-the-intensive-care-period-a-multicentre-survey-in-liver-units
#18
L Laurent, C Lemaitre, A Minello, A Plessier, G Lamblin, A Poujol-Robert, A Gervais-Hasenknopf, E-A Pariente, P Belenotti, N Mostefa-Kara, P Sogni, M Legrand, J-M Cournac, F Tamion, G Savoye, P Bedossa, D-C Valla, V Vilgrain, O Goria
BACKGROUND: The outcome of cholangiopathy developing in intensive care unit (ICU) is not known in patients surviving their ICU stay. AIM: To perform a survey in liver units, in order to clarify the course of cholangiopathy after surviving ICU stay. METHODS: The files of the liver units affiliated to the French network for vascular liver disease were screened for cases of ICU cholangiopathy developing in patients with normal liver function tests on ICU admission, and no prior history of liver disease...
December 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994866/multiple-bile-duct-stones-comparison-of-two-surgical-techniques-done-at-laparotomy
#19
Sami Daldoul, Aymen Mabrouk, Ikram Messoudi, Anis Ben Dhaou, Sofiène Sayari, Aymen Baccari, Faten Souai, Mounir Ben Moussa
BACKGROUND: Biliary lithiasis is the most common surgical disease in Tunisia. Multiple bile duct stones are one of his most rare complications.It poses real problems with the best therapeutic approach. AIMS: To analyze the results of conventional surgery for multiple bile duct stones by comparing two techniques: The choledochotomy for stoneextraction followed by external biliary drainage and biliary-enteric anastomosis, to identify and to analyze the factors influencing the therapeuticchoice...
November 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980499/the-occurrence-of-enterococcus-faecium-and-faecalis-is-significantly-associated-with-anastomotic-leakage-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#20
M Belmouhand, P S Krohn, L B Svendsen, A Henriksen, C P Hansen, M P Achiam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Enterococcus has emerged as a virulent species; Enterococcus faecium especially has arisen as a source of nosocomial infections. Furthermore, specific Enterococcus faecalis species are significantly associated with anastomotic leakage in rodent studies. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the occurrence of Enterococci ( E. faecium and E. faecalis) obtained from drain samples was associated with leakage in humans undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
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