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Pediatric sepsis shock

Osman Yeşilbaş, Hasan Serdar Kıhtır, Hamdi Murat Yıldırım, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Esra Şevketoğlu
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Although it is usually asymptomatic and self-limited, severe potentially fatal illness accompanied by multi-organ failure may occur. CASE REPORT: Here we report an unusual case of severe leptospirosis successfully treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVHF) and therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE). The patient presented with pericardial tamponade, renal failure and macrophage activation syndrome, and later suffered prolonged jaundice and sclerosing cholangitis during hospitalization in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss, Niranjan Kissoon
OBJECTIVE: To review important articles in the field of pediatric shock and pediatric septic shock published subsequent to the Fifth Edition of the Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. DATA SOURCES: The U.S. National Library of Medicine PubMed ( was searched for combination of the term "pediatric" and the following terms: "sepsis, septic shock, shock, antibiotics, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and steroid." The abstract lists generated by these searches were screened for potential inclusion...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Fabio Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Mariana Nadal Cardoso, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Gregory Jaeger, Marion Burger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with death due to bloodstream infection caused by Candida spp. in pediatric patients and evaluate the resistance to the main anti-fungal used in clinical practice. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with retrospective collection that included 65 hospitalized pediatric patients with bloodstream infection by Candida spp. A univariate analysis was performed to estimate the association between the characteristics of the candidemia patients and death...
October 3, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Matthew N Alder, Amy M Opoka, Patrick Lahni, David A Hildeman, Hector R Wong
OBJECTIVES: Heterogeneity in sepsis-related pathobiology presents a significant challenge. Resolving this heterogeneity presents an opportunity to understand pathobiology and improve patient care. Olfactomedin-4 is a neutrophil subset marker and may contribute to sepsis heterogeneity. Our objective was to evaluate the expression of olfactomedin-4 and characterize neutrophil heterogeneity in children with septic shock. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective cohort, as well as secondary analysis of existing transcriptomic and proteomic databases...
September 15, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Laurel A Despins
Severe sepsis and septic shock are global issues with high mortality rates. Early recognition and intervention are essential to optimize patient outcomes. Automated detection using electronic medical record (EMR) data can assist this process. This review describes automated sepsis detection using EMR data. PubMed retrieved publications between January 1, 2005 and January 31, 2015. Thirteen studies met study criteria: described an automated detection approach with the potential to detect sepsis or sepsis-related deterioration in real or near-real time; focused on emergency department and hospitalized neonatal, pediatric, or adult patients; and provided performance measures or results indicating the impact of automated sepsis detection...
September 13, 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Roni D Lane, Tomohiko Funai, Ron Reeder, Gitte Y Larsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Septic shock impacts mortality, morbidity, and health care costs. A quality improvement (QI) initiative was launched to improve early recognition and timely treatment of patients with septic shock in a pediatric emergency department (PED). Our primary aim was to describe the longitudinal effectiveness of the program, iterative changes in clinical practice, and associated outcomes. METHODS: We implemented multiple interventions during our QI initiative (February 2007 to December 2014)...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics
Alexis Strickler, Natalia Vásquez, Leonardo Maggi, Juvenal Hernández, Ximena Hidalgo
Human toxocarosis is a chronic larval parasitosis listed as one of the five most important neglected diseases by the CDC. The larvae can spread systemically and migrate to different tissues including liver and gallbladder. Acalculous acute cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare disease in children. The diagnosis is based on clinical parameters and imaging criteria. It has been reported in relation to sepsis, shock, trauma, burns, severe systemic diseases, congenital anomalies, infections and also in healthy children...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Banani Poddar, Mohan Gurjar, Sushma Singh, Amita Aggarwal, Arvind Baronia
PURPOSE: To investigate if reduction in procalcitonin (PCT) provides useful information about 28-day mortality in children with severe sepsis or septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Design: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Mixed adult-pediatric intensive care unit in a teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Children up to 18 years of age admitted with severe sepsis or septic shock between March 2011 and June 2013. Procalcitonin measured using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay on the day of admission with sepsis (D0) and 72-96 hours later (D4)...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Shannon A Novosad, Mathew R P Sapiano, Cheri Grigg, Jason Lake, Misha Robyn, Ghinwa Dumyati, Christina Felsen, Debra Blog, Elizabeth Dufort, Shelley Zansky, Kathryn Wiedeman, Lacey Avery, Raymund B Dantes, John A Jernigan, Shelley S Magill, Anthony Fiore, Lauren Epstein
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a serious and often fatal clinical syndrome, resulting from infection. Information on patient demographics, risk factors, and infections leading to sepsis is needed to integrate comprehensive sepsis prevention, early recognition, and treatment strategies. METHODS: To describe characteristics of patients with sepsis, CDC and partners conducted a retrospective chart review in four New York hospitals. Random samples of medical records from adult and pediatric patients with administrative codes for severe sepsis or septic shock were reviewed...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
E Scott Halstead, Surender Rajasekaran, Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss
We describe a case of an infant with HSV meningitis and septic shock who demonstrated a remarkably high serum ferritin level. Aggressive pediatric intensive care and the administration of high-dose glucocorticoids were not able to reverse the multiple organ dysfunctions. Subsequent autopsy identified the presence of hemophagocytosis, thus the patient fulfilled hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) criteria post-mortem. This case highlights that serum ferritin may be an important early indicator of mortality in sepsis due to a cytokine storm similar to macrophage activation syndrome and HLH...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Jean-Louis Vincent, Amanda Quintairos E Silva, Lúcio Couto, Fabio S Taccone
BACKGROUND: The time course of blood lactate levels could be helpful to assess a patient's response to therapy. Although the focus of published studies has been largely on septic patients, many other studies have reported serial blood lactate levels in different groups of acutely ill patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Science Direct, and Embase until the end of February 2016 plus reference lists of relevant publications. We selected all observational and interventional studies that evaluated the capacity of serial blood lactate concentrations to predict outcome...
August 13, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Hector R Wong, Natalie Z Cvijanovich, Nick Anas, Geoffrey L Allen, Neal J Thomas, Michael T Bigham, Scott L Weiss, Julie Fitzgerald, Paul A Checchia, Keith Meyer, Michael Quasney, Mark Hall, Rainer Gedeit, Robert J Freishtat, Jeffrey Nowak, Shekhar S Raj, Shira Gertz, Kelli Howard, Kelli Harmon, Patrick Lahni, Erin Frank, Kimberly W Hart, Trung C Nguyen, Christopher J Lindsell
OBJECTIVE: The Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model (PERSEVERE), a pediatric sepsis risk model, uses biomarkers to estimate baseline mortality risk for pediatric septic shock. It is unknown how PERSEVERE performs within distinct septic shock phenotypes. We tested PERSEVERE in children with septic shock and thrombocytopenia-associated multiple organ failure (TAMOF), and in those without new onset thrombocytopenia but with multiple organ failure (MOF). DESIGN: PERSEVERE-based mortality risk was generated for each study subject (n = 660)...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Jennifer K Workman, Stefanie G Ames, Ron W Reeder, E Kent Korgenski, Susan M Masotti, Susan L Bratton, Gitte Y Larsen
OBJECTIVES: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign recommends rapid recognition and treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. Few reports have evaluated the impact of these recommendations in pediatrics. We sought to determine if outcomes in patients who received initial care compliant with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign time goals differed from those treated more slowly. DESIGN: Single center retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Emergency department and PICU at an academic children's hospital...
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Derek S Wheeler, Hector R Wong
OBJECTIVES: In this review, we will discuss risk factors for developing sepsis; the role of biomarkers in establishing an early diagnosis, in monitoring therapeutic efficacy, in stratification, and for the identification of sepsis endotypes; and the pathophysiology and management of severe sepsis and septic shock, with an emphasis on the impact of sepsis on cardiovascular function. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSIONS: There is a lot of excitement in the field of sepsis research today...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Teresa Perillo, Paola Muggeo, Giampaolo Arcamone, Francesco De Leonardis, Nicola Santoro
The purpose of the study was to examine safety and efficacy of non-activated Protein C (PC) supplementation in our cohort of septic pediatric hematological patients. We conducted a retrospective study of 22 septic patients receiving human plasma-derived PC concentrate from 2008 to 2015 at our Pediatric Oncology Center (Bari, Italy). The Surviving sepsis campaign definitions for sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock were used to define the patients' septic status. For each patient, we calculated Lansky performance status scale (LPSS) and a risk score defined the Hematologic risk score (HRS) that we created in 2007...
June 15, 2016: Pediatric Reports
Heitor Pons Leite, Larissa Araújo Pinheiro Nogueira, Ariane Helena Calassa Teodosio
The objective of this study is to investigate the factors associated with serum phosphate concentrations in severely burned children and whether hypophosphatemia is associated with outcome. Seventy-eight children with a total body surface area of 24% (6.0-68.5) were retrospectively analyzed for serum phosphate concentrations during the first 10 days of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). The method of generalized estimating equations was used to evaluate the effect of the exposure variables for serum phosphate concentrations during the study period...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Daniela Carla de Souza, Huei Hsin Shieh, Eliane Roseli Barreira, Andrea Maria Cordeiro Ventura, Albert Bousso, Eduardo Juan Troster
OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of sepsis within the first 24 hours at admission and the PICU sepsis-related mortality among critically ill children admitted to PICU in South America. DESIGN: A prospective multicenter cohort study. SETTING: Twenty-one PICU, located in five South America countries. PATIENTS: All children from 29 days to 17 years old admitted to the participating PICU between June 2011 and September 2011...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Hector R Wong, Sarah J Atkinson, Natalie Z Cvijanovich, Nick Anas, Geoffrey L Allen, Neal J Thomas, Michael T Bigham, Scott L Weiss, Julie C Fitzgerald, Paul A Checchia, Keith Meyer, Michael Quasney, Mark Hall, Rainer Gedeit, Robert J Freishtat, Jeffrey Nowak, Shekhar S Raj, Shira Gertz, Christopher J Lindsell
OBJECTIVES: Prognostic and predictive enrichment strategies are fundamental tools of precision medicine. Identifying children with septic shock who may benefit from corticosteroids remains a challenge. We combined prognostic and predictive strategies to identify a pediatric septic shock subgroup responsive to corticosteroids. DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of 288 previously published pediatric subjects with septic shock. For prognostic enrichment, each study subject was assigned a baseline mortality probability using the pediatric sepsis biomarker risk model...
October 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Ndidiamaka Musa, Srinivas Murthy, Niranjan Kissoon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
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