Read by QxMD icon Read

Cardiac stem cells

Masoumeh Ghafarzadeh, Mehrdad Namdari, Ali Eatemadi
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most prevalent congenital anomaly in newborn babies. Cardiac malformations have been induced in different animal model experiments, by perturbing some molecules that take part in the developmental pathways associated with myocyte differentiation, specification, or cardiac morphogenesis. The exact epigenetic, environmental, or genetic, basis for these molecules perturbations is yet to be understood. But, scientist have bridged this gap by introducing autologous stem cell into the defective hearts to treat CHD...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Zipu Yu, Yu Zou, Jingya Fan, Chengchen Li, Liang Ma
Notch signaling is involved in the early process of differentiation to determine the fate of stem cells. However, the precise role of Notch in human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the involvement of Notch signalling during the course of hBMSC differentiation into cardiomyocytes using hBMSCs, with multilineage differentiation ability, isolated and purified from human bone marrow. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that CD29, CD44 and CD90 were highly expressed on the surface of cells in their fifth passage, whereas detection of CD34, CD45, CD54 and HLA‑DR was negative...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Johan U Lind, Travis A Busbee, Alexander D Valentine, Francesco S Pasqualini, Hongyan Yuan, Moran Yadid, Sung-Jin Park, Arda Kotikian, Alexander P Nesmith, Patrick H Campbell, Joost J Vlassak, Jennifer A Lewis, Kevin K Parker
Biomedical research has relied on animal studies and conventional cell cultures for decades. Recently, microphysiological systems (MPS), also known as organs-on-chips, that recapitulate the structure and function of native tissues in vitro, have emerged as a promising alternative. However, current MPS typically lack integrated sensors and their fabrication requires multi-step lithographic processes. Here, we introduce a facile route for fabricating a new class of instrumented cardiac microphysiological devices via multimaterial three-dimensional (3D) printing...
October 24, 2016: Nature Materials
Jinah Jang, Hun-Jun Park, Seok-Won Kim, Heejin Kim, Ju Young Park, Soo Jin Na, Hyeon Ji Kim, Moon Nyeo Park, Seung Hyun Choi, Sun Hwa Park, Sung Won Kim, Sang-Mo Kwon, Pum-Joon Kim, Dong-Woo Cho
Stem cell therapy is a promising therapeutic method for the treatment of ischemic heart diseases; however, some challenges prohibit the efficacy after cell delivery due to hostile microenvironment of the injured myocardium. 3D printed pre-vascularized stem cell patch can enhance the therapeutic efficacy for cardiac repair through promotion of rapid vascularization after patch transplantation. In this study, stem cell-laden decellularized extracellular matrix bioinks are used in 3D printing of pre-vascularized and functional multi-material structures...
October 14, 2016: Biomaterials
James E Baily, William C W Chen, Nusrat Khan, Iain R Murray, Zaniah N González Galofre, Johnny Huard, Bruno Péault
Multipotent mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) were conventionally isolated, through their plastic adherence, from primary tissue digests whilst their anatomical tissue location remained unclear. The recent discovery of defined perivascular and MSC cell marker expression by perivascular cells in multiple tissues by our group and other researchers has provided an opportunity to prospectively isolate and purify specific homogenous subpopulations of multipotent perivascular precursor cells. We have previously demonstrated the use of fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) to purify microvascular CD146(+)CD34(-) pericytes and vascular CD34(+)CD146(-) adventitial cells from human skeletal muscle...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Celine L Bauwens, Derek Toms, Mark Ungrin
Cardiac differentiation of human pluripotent stems cells (hPSCs) is typically carried out in suspension cell aggregates. Conventional aggregate formation of hPSCs involves dissociating cell colonies into smaller clumps, with size control of the clumps crudely controlled by pipetting the cell suspension until the desired clump size is achieved. One of the main challenges of conventional aggregate-based cardiac differentiation of hPSCs is that culture heterogeneity and spatial disorganization lead to variable and inefficient cardiomyocyte yield...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yoshihiro Ohara, Hitoshi Ohto, Tetsunori Tasaki, Hideki Sano, Kazuhiro Mochizuki, Mitsuko Akaihata, Shogo Kobayashi, Tomoko Waragai, Masaki Ito, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Kenneth E Nollet, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Chitose Ogawa, Takahiro Kanno, Yayoi Shikama, Atsushi Kikuta
BACKGROUND: Pediatric apheresis for peripheral blood stem cell transplantation should be carried out with due concern for low corporeal blood volume and vulnerability to hypocalcemia-related complications, hypovolemic shock, and hypervolemic cardiac overload. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated a total of 267 apheresis procedures from 1990 to 2013 on 93 children between 0 and 10 years old, including 89 patients and 4 healthy donors, with body weights of 6...
September 30, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Martino Deidda, Rosalinda Madonna, Ruggiero Mango, Pasquale Pagliaro, Pier P Bassareo, Lucia Cugusi, Silvio Romano, Maria Penco, Francesco Romeo, Giuseppe Mercuro
Despite advances in supportive and protective therapy for myocardial function, heart failure caused by various clinical conditions, including cardiomyopathy due to antineoplastic therapy, remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Because of the limitations associated with current therapies, investigators have been searching for alternative treatments that can effectively repair the damaged heart and permanently restore its function. Damage to the heart can result from both traditional chemotherapeutic agents, such as anthracyclines, and new targeted therapies, such as trastuzumab...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Amin Hassanzadeh-Barforoushi, Jonathan Shemesh, Nona Farbehi, Mohsen Asadnia, Guan Heng Yeoh, Richard P Harvey, Robert E Nordon, Majid Ebrahimi Warkiani
Regulation of tissue development and repair depends on communication between neighbouring cells. Recent advances in cell micro-contact printing and microfluidics have facilitated the in-vitro study of homotypic and heterotypic cell-cell interaction. Nonetheless, these techniques are still complicated to perform and as a result, are seldom used by biologists. We report here development of a temporarily sealed microfluidic stamping device which utilizes a novel valve design for patterning two adherent cell lines with well-defined interlacing configurations to study cell-cell interactions...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Daniel Pelaez, Zenith Acosta Torres, Tsz Kin Ng, Kwong Wai Choy, Chi Pui Pang, Herman S Cheung
Cellular therapies for the treatment of myocardial infarction have proven to be an invaluable tool in recent years and provide encouraging evidence for the possibility to restore normal heart function. However, questions still remain as to the optimal cell source, pre-conditioning methods and delivery techniques for such an application. This study explores the use of a population of stem cells arising from the neural crest and isolated from adult human periodontal ligament along with short-term mechanical strain as an inducer of cardiomyogenesis and possibly pre-conditioning stimulus for cellular cardiomyoplasty...
October 17, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Kai Zhu, Dingqian Liu, Hao Lai, Jun Li, Chunsheng Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) families have been found to be powerful regulators in a wide variety of diseases, which enables the possible use of miRNAs in therapeutic strategies for cardiac repair after ischemic heart disease. This review provides some general insights into miRNAs modulation for development of current molecular and cellular therapeutics in cardiac repair, including endogenous regeneration, endogenous repair, stem cells transplantation, and reprogramming. We also review the delivery strategies for miRNAs modulation, and briefly summarize the current bench and clinical efforts that are being made to explore miRNAs as the future therapeutic target...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Natalie Weber, Kristin Schwanke, Stephan Greten, Meike Wendland, Bogdan Iorga, Martin Fischer, Cornelia Geers-Knörr, Jan Hegermann, Christoph Wrede, Jan Fiedler, Henning Kempf, Annika Franke, Birgit Piep, Angelika Pfanne, Thomas Thum, Ulrich Martin, Bernhard Brenner, Robert Zweigerdt, Theresia Kraft
Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes hold great potential for in vitro modeling of diseases like cardiomyopathies. Yet, knowledge about expression and functional impact of sarcomeric protein isoforms like the myosin heavy chain (MyHC) in hPSC-cardiomyocytes is scarce. We hypothesized that ventricular β-MyHC expression alters contraction and calcium kinetics and drives morphological and electrophysiological differentiation towards ventricular-like cardiomyocytes. To address this, we (1) generated human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs) that switched towards exclusive β-MyHC, and (2) functionally and morphologically characterized these hESC-CMs at the single-cell level...
November 2016: Basic Research in Cardiology
Salim S Hayek, Yuri Klyachkin, Ahmed Asfour, Nima Ghasemzadeh, Mosaab Awad, Iraj Hesaroieh, Hina Ahmed, Brandon Gray, Jinhee Kim, Edmund K Waller, Arshed A Quyyumi, Ahmed K Abdel-Latif
: : Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells are mobilized into the peripheral blood after acute myocardial injury and in chronic ischemic heart disease. However, the mechanisms responsible for this mobilization are poorly understood. We examined the relationship between plasma levels of bioactive lipids and number of circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) in patients (N = 437) undergoing elective or emergent cardiac catheterization. Plasma levels of sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) and ceramide-1 phosphate (C1P) were quantified using mass spectrometry...
October 14, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Uros Kuzmanov, Hongbo Guo, Diana Buchsbaum, Jake Cosme, Cynthia Abbasi, Ruth Isserlin, Parveen Sharma, Anthony O Gramolini, Andrew Emili
Phospholamban (PLN) plays a central role in Ca(2+) homeostasis in cardiac myocytes through regulation of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2A (SERCA2A) Ca(2+) pump. An inherited mutation converting arginine residue 9 in PLN to cysteine (R9C) results in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in humans and transgenic mice, but the downstream signaling defects leading to decompensation and heart failure are poorly understood. Here we used precision mass spectrometry to study the global phosphorylation dynamics of 1,887 cardiac phosphoproteins in early affected heart tissue in a transgenic R9C mouse model of DCM compared with wild-type littermates...
October 14, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Matteo Ciocci, Egidio Iorio, Felicia Carotenuto, Haneen A Khashoggi, Francesca Nanni, Sonia Melino
The improvement of solubility and/or dissolution rate of poorly soluble natural compounds is an ideal strategy to make them optimal candidates as new potential drugs. Accordingly, the allyl sulfur compounds and omega-3 fatty acids are natural hydrophobic compounds that exhibit two important combined properties: cardiovascular protection and antitumor activity. Here, we have synthesized and characterized a novel formulation of diallyl disulfide (DADS) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) as protein-nanoemulsions (BAD-NEs), using ultrasounds...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Jia-Ling Ruan, Nathaniel L Tulloch, Maria V Razumova, Mark Saiget, Veronica Muskheli, Lil Pabon, Hans Reinecke, Michael Regnier, Charles E Murry
BACKGROUNDS: -Tissue engineering enables the generation of functional human cardiac tissue using cells derived in vitro in combination with biocompatible materials. Human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes provide a cell source for cardiac tissue engineering; however, their immaturity limits their potential applications. Here we sought to study the effect of mechanical conditioning and electrical pacing on the maturation of hiPSC-derived cardiac tissues. METHODSS: -Cardiomyocytes derived from hiPSCs were used to generate collagen-based bioengineered human cardiac tissue...
October 13, 2016: Circulation
J Patrick Gonzalez, Sergii Kyrychenko, Victoria Kyrychenko, Joel S Schneider, Celine J Granier, Eric Himelman, Kevin Lahey, Qingshi Zhao, Ghassan Yehia, Yuan-Xiang Tao, Mantu Bhaumik, Natalia Shirokova, Diego Fraidenraich
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterized by the loss of the protein dystrophin, leading to muscle fragility, progressive weakening, and susceptibility to mechanical stress. Although dystrophin-negative mdx mouse models have classically been used to study DMD, phenotypes appear mild compared to patients. As a result, characterization of muscle pathology, especially in the heart, has proven difficult. We report that injection of mdx embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into Wild Type (WT) blastocysts produces adult mouse chimeras with severe DMD phenotypes in the heart and skeletal muscle...
October 13, 2016: Stem Cells
Can Jiang, Dong Zheng, Yun-Lu Feng, Jun Guo, Hai-Rui Li, Ai-Dong Zhang
<strong>Objective</strong> To investigate the short- and long-term therapeutic efficacies of intravenous trans- plantation of bone marrow stem cells (MSCs) in rats with experimental myocardial infarction by meta- analysis. <strong>Methods</strong> Randomized controlled trials were systematically searched from PubMed, Science Citation Index (SCI), Chinese journal full-text database (CJFD) up to December 2014. While the experimental groups (MSCs groups) were injected MSCs intravenously, the control groups were injected Delubecco's minimum essential medium (DMEM) or phosphate buffered saline (PBS)...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Prashant S Kota, Mostafa R Naguib, Vivekkumar Patel, Todd K Rosengart
The prospect of genetically reprogramming cardiac fibroblasts into induced cardiomyocytes by using cardio-differentiating transcription factors represents a significant advantage over previous strategies involving stem cell implantation or the delivery of angiogenic factors. Remarkably, intramyocardial administration of cardio-differentiating factors consistently results in 20% to 30% improvements in postinfarct ejection fraction and nearly a 50% reduction in myocardial fibrosis in murine models. Despite these encouraging observations, few breakthroughs have been made in the reprogramming of human cells, which have more rigorous epigenetic constraints and gene regulatory networks that oppose reprogramming...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yuji Shiba, Toshihito Gomibuchi, Tatsuichiro Seto, Yuko Wada, Hajime Ichimura, Yuki Tanaka, Tatsuki Ogasawara, Kenji Okada, Naoko Shiba, Kengo Sakamoto, Daisuke Ido, Takashi Shiina, Masamichi Ohkura, Junichi Nakai, Narumi Uno, Yasuhiro Kazuki, Mitsuo Oshimura, Itsunari Minami, Uichi Ikeda
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) constitute a potential source of autologous patient-specific cardiomyocytes for cardiac repair, providing a major benefit over other sources of cells in terms of immune rejection. However, autologous transplantation has substantial challenges related to manufacturing and regulation. Although major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-matched allogeneic transplantation is a promising alternative strategy, few immunological studies have been carried out with iPSCs. Here we describe an allogeneic transplantation model established using the cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis), the MHC structure of which is identical to that of humans...
October 10, 2016: Nature
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"