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Cancer esophagus

Yongho Jee, Youngwon Kim, Sun Ha Jee, Mikyung Ryu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about longitudinal associations of exercise with different types of cancer, particularly in Asian populations. The purpose of this research was to estimate the association between the duration of exercise and all-cause and cancer-specific mortality. METHOD: Data were obtained from the Korean Metabolic Syndrome Mortality Study (KMSMS), a prospective cohort study of 303,428 Korean adults aged 20 years or older at baseline between 1994 and 2004 after exclusion of individuals with missing variables on smoking and exercise...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Fernanda Weber Mello, Fernanda Marcello Scotti, Gilberto Melo, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra, Elena Riet Correa Rivero
Maté is a beverage regularly consumed by Latin American populations. Upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancers are frequent in this region and are suspected to be associated with maté consumption. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to answer a focused question: "Is there an association between maté consumption and occurrence of the UADT cancer?". Studies investigating any association between maté consumption and occurrence of UADT cancer were included. Out of the 569 studies, 18 met the inclusion criteria for qualitative and 15 for quantitative analysis...
July 2018: Oral Oncology
Chaochu Cui, Yan Chang, Xiaoli Zhang, Sangyong Choi, Henry Tran, Kumar V Penmetsa, Srikant Viswanadha, Liwu Fu, Zui Pan
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the 6 t h leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide with poor prognosis, hence more effective chemotherapeutic drugs for this deadly disease are urgently needed. We previously reported that high expression of Orai1, a store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) channel was associated with poor survival rate in EC patients and Orai1-mediated intracellular Ca2+ oscillations regulated cancer cell proliferation. Previous studies suggested that Orai1-mediated SOCE is a promising target for EC chemotherapy...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Letters
Ernst J Kuipers, Manon C Spaander
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a very common condition. We have obtained fairly profound knowledge of the natural history of this condition. This results from many cross-sectional and cohort studies, many describing patients undergoing long-term surveillance. Their consent to use their clinical data has improved our knowledge to the benefit of these same and other patients. The prevalence of BE increases with age both in men and in women. This increase starts at a younger age in men than in women. The incidence of high-grade dysplasia and cancer in BE depends on segment length, gender, and age...
June 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jan Franko, Sarah McAvoy
BACKGROUND: Time interval between neoadjuvant (combined) chemotherapy and radiation (nCRT) and surgery has been linked to pathologic response rates and outcomes in patients with various solid cancers. The optimal timing between nCRT and esophagectomy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), however, is not known. Our aim was to analyze the relation between elapsed time from completion of nCRT to esophagectomy and postsurgical mortality and overall survival. METHODS: We reviewed the National Cancer Database for patients with SCC (n = 1,244) of the esophagus diagnosed between 2003 and 2011 who were treated with nCRT followed by esophagectomy within 26 weeks after completion of nCRT...
June 11, 2018: Surgery
Mimi C Tan, Kavin A Kanthasamy, Allison G Yeh, Daniel Kil, Lisa Pompeii, Xiaoying Yu, Hashem B El-Serag, Aaron P Thrift
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is effective treatment for Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, some patients have recurrence after complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CEIM). We investigated the incidence of and factors associated with BE recurrence, with or without neoplasia, after RFA and CEIM using data from the national Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of Veterans with BE treated by RFA from 2005 through 2016 with follow-up endoscopy...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Miho Yamamoto, Soji Ozawa, Kazuo Koyanagi, Junya Oguma, Akihito Kazuno, Yamato Ninomiya, Kentaro Yatabe, Kazuhito Hatanaka
BACKGROUND: Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) is a tumor of the gastrointestinal tract that contains both exocrine and endocrine components, with each component exceeding 30% of the total tumor area. Because MANECs are exceedingly rare, no therapeutic strategies have been established yet. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old man was referred to our hospital with a 5-month history of dysphagia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed an ulcerated mass in the lower thoracic esophagus, extending up to the esophagogastric junction (33 to 40 cm from the incisors)...
June 14, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
F Klevebro, C M Scandavini, S Kamiya, M Nilsson, L Lundell, I Rouvelas
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been introduced at many centers worldwide as evidence is accumulating that it reduces the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality and decreases the length of hospital stay compared to conventional open esophagectomy. The study is a single institution cohort study of 366 consecutive patients treated with curative intent for cancer in the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction, comparing MIE to open surgery. The outcomes studied were peroperative bleeding, operation time, lymph node yield, complications, length of stay and overall survival...
April 20, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
E Pestine, A Stokes, L Trinquart
Background: Obesity is a risk factor for numerous cancer types, and may influence cancer treatment outcomes. Underrepresentation of obese patients in obesity-related cancer randomized controlled trials (RCTs) may affect generalizability of results. We aimed to assess the reporting of information about eligibility and enrollment of obese participants in obesity-related cancer RCTs. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of RCTs of 10 obesity-related cancer types (esophagus, colon/rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, postmenopausal breast, endometrium, ovary, kidney, and thyroid cancer)...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Amir Najafi
Background: Nowadays one of the principal challenges of any country is improving the chronic disease and cancers. One of the most important of cancers is esophageal cancer in Iran. No doubt, esophageal cancer is an outcome of the interaction and combination of different factors. Cancer of the esophagus is one of the most common causes of death in adults (especially women) in Iran, where the incidence of this cancer is among the highest in the world. Objective: The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to test the hypothesis that food insecurity could create esophageal cancer among women in Iran (Zanjan Province)...
April 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Kenji Kudo, Kosuke Narumiya, Yohsuke Yagawa, Shinsuke Maeda, Masaho Ota, Harushi Osugi, Masakazu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the long-term risk factors for pneumonia after esophageal reconstruction using a gastric tube via the posterior mediastinal route following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. The influence of columnar metaplasia in the remnant esophagus was specifically assessed. METHODS: Among 225 patients who underwent esophagectomy between January 2004 and December 2010, the subjects were 54 patients who could be followed up for more than 5 years...
January 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Mohammad Amin Hosseini, Mohammad Mohamadianpanah, Mohammad Zare-Bandeamiri, Mohammad Amin Mosleh-Shirazi
Hadron therapy (HT) with protons and carbon ions is an advanced radiotherapy technique. As the first report addressing this topic, the present study aimed to estimate the number of patients eligible for HT in Fars province and the whole of Iran. The data were collected through direct inspection of medical records of the patients treated at the Radiotherapy Department, Namazi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran in 2014. The patients who were treated with external-beam radiotherapy and declared to be a resident of Fars province were extracted from the medical records...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Xiaobo Li, Benhua Xu, Yu Lei, Jianping Zhang, Zhixing Lin, Sicong Li
BACKGROUND: Differences often exist in the dose calculation accuracy caused by using different dose calculation algorithms in non-uniform tissues. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of dose calculation with inhomogeneity correction in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) by comparing dose calculated in Monaco with measurements in lung-chest phantom for esophagus cancer treatments. METHODS: Finite size pencil beam (FSPB) and X-ray voxel Monte Carlo (XVMC) were used respectively for IMRT dose recalculations...
June 5, 2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Shinji Atagi, Junki Mizusawa, Satoshi Ishikura, Toshiaki Takahashi, Hiroaki Okamoto, Hiroshi Tanaka, Koichi Goto, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Masao Harada, Yuichiro Takeda, Naoyuki Nogami, Yuka Fujita, Takashi Kasai, Kazuma Kishi, Toshiyuki Sawa, Koji Takeda, Keisuke Tomii, Miyako Satouchi, Takashi Seto, Yuichiro Ohe
INTRODUCTION: In the phase III JCOG0301 trial, chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with daily low-dose carboplatin showed significant benefits in elderly patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with radiotherapy (RT) alone. However, the long-term patterns and cumulative incidences of toxicity associated with CRT and RT in elderly patients are not well elucidated. We report long-term survival data and late toxicities after a minimum follow-up of 6.4 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were older than 70 years and had unresectable stage III NSCLC...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Lung Cancer
Edward E Morrisey, Anil K Rustgi
Lung and esophageal development and organogenesis involve a complex interplay of signaling pathways and transcriptional factors. Once the lung and esophagus do separate, their epithelial proliferation and differentiation programs share certain common properties that may fuel adaptive responses to injury and subsequent regeneration. Lung and esophageal tissue organogenesis and regeneration provide perspectives on squamous cell cancers and adenocarcinomas in each tissue.
June 2, 2018: Trends in Cell Biology
Qiuyuan Li, Jing Guo, Chenwei Li, Xinjian Li
BACKGROUND: Resection of primary esophageal cancer following previous pneumonectomy is a challenging procedure and was scarcely reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report a case in which reduced thoracic space was used in left transthoracic esophagectomy to counter the difficulties caused by previous left pneumonectomy. CONCLUSION: Retrograde dissection and infra-diaphragmatic esophagogastric anastomosis are examples of using postpneumonectomy changes to facilitate subsequent transthoracic esophagectomy for cancers of the lower esophagus...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Yasutaka Kuribayashi, Toshiro Iizuka, Kosuke Nomura, Tsukasa Furuhata, Satoshi Yamashita, Akira Matsui, Daisuke Kikuchi, Toshifumi Mitani, Mitsuru Kaise, Shu Hoteya
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial esophageal cancer is sometimes extensive, and in our experience, patients not infrequently present with dysphagia after ESD even in the absence of esophageal stricture. The aim of this study was to evaluate esophageal motility using high-resolution manometry (HRM) in patients with and without dysphagia after extensive circumferential ESD. METHODS: HRM was performed in a total of 52 patients who had undergone ESD for superficial esophageal cancer and a mucosal defect after ESD exceeded more than two-thirds of the esophageal circumference...
June 5, 2018: Digestion
Mohamed E Salem, Alberto Puccini, Joanne Xiu, Derek Raghavan, Heinz-Josef Lenz, W Michael Korn, Anthony F Shields, Philip A Philip, John L Marshall, Richard M Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal cancers are often grouped together even though cancers that originate in the esophagus often exhibit different histological features, geographical distribution, risk factors, and clinical characteristics than those originating in the stomach. Herein, we aimed to compare the molecular characteristics of three different gastroesophageal cancer types: esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), and gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC)...
June 4, 2018: Oncologist
Miguel A Cuesta, Donald L van der Peet, Suzanne S Gisbertz, Jennifer Straatman
Extent of mediastinal lymphadenectomy during esophagectomy is clearly different between two representative countries of the Eastern and Western world, such as Japan and the Netherlands. In Japan, a clear policy is the standard complete two- or three-field type of lymphadenectomy whereas, in the Netherlands, a limited form is usually carried out. Reasons for these differences can be found in the different types of tumor, 80% of adenocarcinomas in the West and almost 95% of squamous cell cancer in Japan. Moreover, location of the tumors, distally located in the Netherlands whereas, in Japan, the majority are located in the middle and proximal thoracic esophagus...
May 2018: Annals of gastroenterological surgery
Yasuyuki Seto, Kazuhiko Mori, Susumu Aikou
Since the introduction of robotic systems in esophageal surgery in 2000, the number of robotic esophagectomies has been gradually increasing worldwide, although robot-assisted surgery is not yet regarded as standard treatment for esophageal cancer, because of its high cost and the paucity of high-level evidence. In 2016, more than 1800 cases were operated with robot assistance. Early results with small series demonstrated feasibility and safety in both robotic transhiatal (THE) and transthoracic esophagectomies (TTE)...
September 2017: Annals of gastroenterological surgery
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