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Cancer esophagus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529620/the-relation-of-hpv-infection-and-expression-of-p53-and-p16-proteins-in-esophageal-squamous-cells-carcinoma
#1
Paula Roberta Aguiar Pastrez, Vânia Sammartino Mariano, Allini Mafra da Costa, Estela Maria Silva, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Denise Peixoto Guimarães, Gilberto Fava, Said Abdala Zemi Neto, Emily Montosa Nunes, Laura Sichero, Luisa Lina Villa, Kari Juhani Syrjanen, Adhemar Longatto-Filho
GOAL: To investigate the HPV prevalence and characterize the expression of potential molecular surrogate markers of HPV infection in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prevalence of HPV in individuals with and without esophageal cancer (EC) was determined by using multiplex PCR; p16 and p53 protein levels were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS: High-risk HPV (hr-HPV) was found in the same frequency (13.8%) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and in healthy individuals...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525453/esophageal-cancer-diagnosed-by-thyroid-scintigraphy
#2
María de la Cinta Calvo-Morón, Francisco Javier García-Gómez, Pablo Antonio de la Riva-Pérez, Juan Castro-Montaño
We report a 34-year-old man referred because of increasing dysphagia secondary to goiter. Thyroid scintigraphy and SPECT/CT images helped to recognize an unsuspected esophageal dilation due to a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma arising at the lower end of the esophagus. Further examinations are mandatory when abnormal activities are observed during thyroid scintigraphy.
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501090/antiangiogenic-therapy-in-gastroesophageal-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Zhaohui Jin, Harry H Yoon
Antiangiogenesis therapy is one of only 2 biologically targeted approaches shown to improve overall survival over standard of care in advanced adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). Therapeutic targeting of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 improves overall survival in patients with previously treated advanced gastric/GEJ adenocarcinoma. No antiangiogenesis therapy has demonstrated an overall survival benefit in patients with chemo-naïve or resectable esophagogastric cancer or in patients whose tumors arise from the esophagus...
June 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501084/barrett-esophagus-and-intramucosal-esophageal-adenocarcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Shanmugarajah Rajendra, Prateek Sharma
Barrett esophagus (BE) is a precursor lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Developments in imaging and molecular markers, and endoscopic eradication therapy, are available to curb the increase of EAC. Endoscopic surveillance is recommended, despite lack of data. The cancer risk gets progressively downgraded, raising questions about the understanding of risk factors and molecular biology involved. Recent data point to at least 2 carcinogenic pathways operating in EAC. The use of p53 overexpression and high-risk human papillomavirus may represent the best chance to detect progressors...
June 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493609/second-cancer-risk-assessments-after-involved-site-radiotherapy-for-mediastinal-hodgkin-lymphoma
#5
Michalis Mazonakis, Efrossyni Lyraraki, John Damilakis
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to provide second cancer risk assessments attributable to involved-site radiotherapy (ISRT) of mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and to compare these risks with those from the conventional involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT). METHODS: Both ISRT and IFRT plans were made for 11 patients (6 females, 5 males) with HL in the region of mediastinum. All three-dimensional plans involved 6 MV photon beams and delivered 30 Gy to the target site...
May 11, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488526/preliminary-evaluation-for-bit1-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagus
#6
Jing Chen, Hongtao Liu, Pan Gao, Yiran Hui, Zhenzhen Yang, Xiaqing Zhang, Peirong Xu, Fang Tian, Tianli Fan
Mounting evidence has demonstrated that Bit1 has been investigated as an etiological factor for certain cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma reported in our previous study, but data regarding possible roles of Bit1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal adenocarcinoma remain to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to examine whether Bit1 can be a novel diagnostic marker for the patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal adenocarcinoma. The results revealed that Bit1 level in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was significantly higher than that in esophageal adenocarcinoma tissues ( p < 0...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487611/performance-of-18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-for-esophageal-cancer-screening
#7
Masau Sekiguchi, Takashi Terauchi, Yasuo Kakugawa, Naoki Shimada, Yutaka Saito, Takahisa Matsuda
AIM: To evaluate the performance of 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for esophageal cancer (EC) screening. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of consecutive asymptomatic individuals who underwent FDG-PET and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) simultaneously for cancer screening at our institution from February 2004 to March 2013. In total, 14790 FDG-PET and EGD procedures performed for 8468 individuals were included in this study, and the performance of FDG-PET for EC screening was assessed by comparing the results of FDG-PET and EGD, considering the latter as the reference...
April 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486866/the-predictive-value-of-coefficient-of-pct-%C3%A3-bg-for-anastomotic-leak-in-esophageal-carcinoma-patients-with-ards-after-esophagectomy
#8
Huan Li, Daofeng Wang, Wenxiao Wei, Lamei Ouyang, Ning Lou
Anastomotic leak was a potentially severe life-threatening complication of esophagectomy, which drew attention in consequence of progressive dyspnea until acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to the early asymptomatic presentation. Respiratory failure, caused by ARDS as the severe presentation of anastomotic leak, is the most common organ failure. CRP (C-reactive protein), procalcitonin (PCT), and Blood G (BG) test are the sensitivity markers for inflammatory, sepsis, and fungemia, respectively. Early recognition and intervention treatment of anastomotic leak may alleviate complication and improve outcome...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477332/a-case-of-long-term-survival-after-surgical-resection-for-solitary-adrenal-recurrence-of-esophageal-squamous-carcinoma
#9
Nobuhiko Kanaya, Kazuhiro Noma, Tsuyoshi Okada, Naoaki Maeda, Shunsuke Tanabe, Kazufumi Sakurama, Yasuhiro Shirakawa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Esophageal carcinomas are highly malignant tumors with a high frequency of lymph node and distant organ metastasis. Treatment for recurrent tumors is generally decided on an individual basis. Although multidisciplinary treatments involving chemotherapy, surgical resection, and radiation are performed, the prognosis remains poor. Here, we report a case of prolonged recurrence-free survival (38 months) after esophageal carcinoma surgery and subsequent laparoscopic adrenalectomy for right adrenal metastasis...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476483/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#10
Wanqing Chen, Rongshou Zheng, Siwei Zhang, Hongmei Zeng, Changfa Xia, Tingting Zuo, Zhixun Yang, Xiaonong Zou, Jie He
OBJECTIVE: National Central Cancer Registry of China (NCCRC) updated nationwide statistics of cancer incidence and mortality in China using population-based cancer registration data in 2013 from all available cancer registries. METHODS: In 2016, 255 registries' data were qualified and included in this analysis. We estimated numbers of new cancer cases and deaths in China in 2013 using age-specific rates and corresponding national population stratified by area, sex, age group (0, 1-4, 5-9, 10-14…85+) and cancer type...
May 2, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476443/phase-ii-study-of-preoperative-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-oxaliplatin-for-locally-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#11
Jing-Wen Huang, Hui-Ling Yeh, Chung-Ping Hsu, Cheng-Yen Chuang, Jin-Ching Lin, Jai-Fu Lin, Chen-Fa Chang
BACKGROUND: We investigated preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with oxaliplatin for locally advanced, potentially operative esophageal cancer in this Phase II study. METHODS: Between October 2009 and October 2011, 35 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed esophageal cancer clinical stage T3-4, N0-1, M0 were enrolled into this study. One dose of chemotherapy with oxaliplatin (35 mg/m(2)) on Day 1 and Day 2, leucovorin (200 mg/m(2)) on Day 1, and 5-fluorouracil [5-FU; 2400 mg/m(2) intravenously (i...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473272/novel-application-of-a-rigid-curved-larygno-pharyngoscope-for-examination-and-treatment-of-hypopharyngeal-lesions
#12
Kenichi Watanabe, Daisuke Yamauchi, Yoshitaka Takanashi, Hiroshi Hidaka, Yukio Katori
In endoscopic laryngo-pharyngeal surgery (ELPS), a rigid curved laryngo-pharyngoscope, which was invented by Dr. Sato et al., is necessary to obtain excellent surgical view of both hypopharynx and even the entrance of the esophagus. We have used this instrument for the examination and treatment of several diseases other than cancer located in the hypopharynx, such as difficult-to-find buried fish bones, retropharyngeal abscess, and congenital pyriform sinus fistula. In the result, we could acquire better view of hypopharynx and completed the intended procedure safely, especially for uncovering difficult-to-find fish bone buried in the mucosa...
May 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472430/evaluation-of-secondary-dose-and-cancer-risk-for-out-of-field-organ-in-esophageal-cancer-imrt-in-a-chinese-hospital-using-atom-phantom-measurements
#13
Yaping Qi, Lijuan He, Zhi Wang, Yuanyuan Liu, Hongdong Liu, Wanli Huo, X George Xu, Zhi Chen
There have been few studies on the secondary cancer after radiation treatment in Chinese hospitals. This study has measured out-of-field absorbed organ doses from intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) radiotherapy for esophageal cancer in a Chinese hospital and evaluated the risks of secondary cancer. The dose measurements were based on the thermo-luminescence dosemeter (TLD) and the ATOM® phantom, which represents an adult male. Over 100 TLD chips were placed in 35 different organ sites and one group of the same TLDs was set as background contrast...
May 3, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471547/-comprehensive-therapeutic-strategy-for-localized-esophageal-cancer-second-part-interest-of-multimodal-approaches-with-or-without-surgery
#14
D Van Daele, P Honoré, J Collignon, M Polus, C Loly, E Mutijima, A De Roover, P A Coucke, E Louis, P Martinive
In recent years, the treatment of esophagus cancer has been completely changed, thus competing the dogma of surgery as the cornerstone treatment. Multimodality treatments as radio-chemotherapy directly followed by surgery, or delayed surgery, significantly improve patient survival compared to surgery alone. Neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy is associated with a higher complete pathologic response rate and improved survival compared to chemotherapy alone. Immediate surgery after radio-chemotherapy is challenged for patients who present a complete clinical response, especially in case of squamous cell carcinoma...
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469512/does-motion-assessment-with-4-dimensional-computed-tomographic-imaging-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-radiotherapy-improve-target-volume-coverage
#15
Naseer Ahmed, Sankar Venkataraman, Kate Johnson, Keith Sutherland, Shaun K Loewen
INTRODUCTION: Modern radiotherapy with 4-dimensional computed tomographic (4D-CT) image acquisition for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) captures respiratory-mediated tumor motion to provide more accurate target delineation. This study compares conventional 3-dimensional (3D) conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) plans generated with standard helical free-breathing CT (FBCT) with plans generated on 4D-CT contoured volumes to determine whether target volume coverage is affected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with stage I to IV NSCLC were enrolled in the study...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464907/nodal-skip-metastasis-in-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-cohort-study
#16
Francesco Cavallin, Rita Alfieri, Marco Scarpa, Matteo Cagol, Alberto Ruol, Matteo Fassan, Massimo Rugge, Ermanno Ancona, Carlo Castoro
BACKGROUND: Nodal skip metastasis is a prognostic factor in some sites of malignancies, but its role in esophageal cancer is still unclear. The present study aimed to investigate occurrence and effect of nodal skip metastases in thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: All 578 patients undergoing esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma at the Center for Esophageal Diseases located in Padova between January 1992 and December 2010 were retrospectively evaluated...
May 2, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464264/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-or-without-surgery-for-patients-with-resectable-esophageal-cancer-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#17
Kushal B Naik, Yuan Liu, Michael Goodman, Theresa W Gillespie, Allan Pickens, Seth D Force, Conor E Steuer, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Suresh S Ramalingam, Kristin Higgins, Jonathan J Beitler, Dong M Shin, Field F Willingham, Bassel El-Rayes, Jerome C Landry, Felix G Fernandez, Nabil F Saba
BACKGROUND: Patients with resectable esophageal cancer (rEC) are managed with either concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (CRSx) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone (cCR). To the authors' knowledge, there is insufficient evidence comparing the overall survival of patients treated with these 2 options. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried for rEC cases diagnosed from 2003 through 2011. Patients with previous cancers, cervical rEC, clinical stage T1N0 disease, or metastasis were excluded...
May 2, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462437/clinical-assessment-of-reconstruction-involving-gastric-pull-up-combined-with-free-jejunal-graft-after-total-pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy
#18
Hiroshi Miyata, Keijiro Sugimura, Masaaki Motoori, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Takeshi Omori, Masahiro Mun, Masayuki Ohue, Masayoshi Yasui, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Takashi Fujii, Hiroki Tajima, Tomoyuki Kurita, Masahiko Yano
BACKGROUND: Total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy (PLE) is used as a curative treatment for synchronous laryngopharyngeal and thoracic esophageal cancer or for multiple cancers in the cervical and thoracic esophagus. Gastric pull-up is commonly used after PLE, but postoperative complications are common. The present study evaluated these procedures in patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: Fourteen patients (7 with synchronous pharyngeal and thoracic esophageal cancer, 4 with synchronous cervical and thoracic esophageal cancer, and 3 with cervicothoracic esophageal cancer) underwent reconstructive surgery after PLE involving gastric pull-up combined with free jejunal graft between 2004 and 2015...
May 1, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455160/long-term-follow-up-results-of-stepwise-radical-endoscopic-resection-for-barrett-s-esophagus-with-early-neoplasia
#19
Kamar Belghazi, Frederike G I van Vilsteren, Bas L A M Weusten, Sybren L Meijer, Jacques J G H M Bergman, Roos E Pouw
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Stepwise radical endoscopic resection (SRER) has shown to be effective in eradicating Barrett's esophagus (BE) and its associated dysplasia. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term durability after successful SRER for early Barrett's neoplasia. METHODS: Patients who were treated with SRER for BE ≤5 cm with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or early cancer (EC) and had reached complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CE-IM) and neoplasia (CE-neo) were included...
April 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454327/stereotactic-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-local-recurrences-of-esophageal-cancer
#20
Marcel Matzenauer, David Vrána, Zuzana Vlachová, Rene Aujesky, Radek Vrba, Cestmir Neoral, Bohuslav Melichar
Esophageal cancer (EC) consists of tumors with a generally poor prognosis, and treatment options for patients with disease recurrence are extremely limited. Due to this poor patient prognosis, the possible treatment toxicity should be carefully balanced against its potential benefit and patient quality of life. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a rapidly expanding novel technique combining a short treatment time together with high local efficacy and an acceptable toxicity profile. There are no publications thus far presenting data regarding the usage of SBRT utilizing a conventional linear accelerator in locally recurrent EC patients...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
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