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M P Fitzgerald, G Lemack, T Wheeler, H J Litman
To determine whether participants in the behavior enhances drug reduction of incontinence (BE-DRI) trial experienced reduction in the frequency of nocturia and/or nocturnal leakage during treatment with antimuscarinic phamacotherapy with or without additional behavioral therapy. We analyzed urinary diary data relating to nocturia and nocturnal incontinence before and after 8 weeks of study treatment in the BE-DRI trial, in which patients were randomly assigned to receive drug therapy with tolterodine tartrate extended-release capsules 4 mg alone or in combination with behavioral training...
November 2008: International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
X Quantin, A Stoebner-Delbarre, P Guichenez, J-L Pujol
Smoking cessation is an important part of the management of patients with lung cancer. Continued smoking has been found to diminish treatment efficacy, to exacerbate side effects and to have a detrimental effect on survival. Smoking increases postoperative pulmonary complications and tolerance and efficacy of medical treatment (chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiotherapy) are diminished. Moreover, the quality of life of current smokers is lower and the risk of a second primary malignancy is increased. Hospitalization is a good opportunity to propose smoking cessation...
October 2007: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Young-Jin Lim, Bum-Hee Yu, Ji-Hae Kim
The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a seven-item instrument used to rate the overall severity of panic disorder. This scale has previously evidenced excellent psychometric properties in a sample of patients with panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia. However, despite several factor-analytic PDSS studies, the number of factors has not been entirely consistent. Our objective in this study, then, was to evaluate the fit of two competing models to data collected with a sample of 176 patients with panic disorder...
2007: Depression and Anxiety
Andrew Szilagyi, Maged P Ghali
Vascular malformation (AVM) in the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon, but not rare, cause of bleeding and iron deficiency anemia, especially in an aging population. While endoscopic coagulative therapy is the method of choice for controlling bleeding, a substantial number of cases require additional therapy. Adjunctive or even primary phamacotherapy may be indicated in recurrent bleeding. However, there is little evidence-based proof of efficacy for any agent. The bulk of support is derived from anecdotal reports or case series...
March 2006: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
J P Jameson, G R VanNoord
OBJECTIVE: To investigate actual cost and adverse effect outcomes associated with a phamacotherapy consultation in ambulatory care patients receiving polypharmacy. METHODS: Patients receiving five or more chronic medications were randomized to receive pharmacotherapy consultation or usual medical care. Outcomes measured were changes in drug costs, medical costs, and drug-related symptoms six months after the consultation. Data were analyzed with unpaired Student's t-test for continuous data...
July 2001: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
M A Blazing, J A De Lemos, C K Dyke, R M Califf, D Bilheimer, E Braunwald
BACKGROUND: The A-to-Z Trial is an ongoing international, multicenter, randomized study designed to investigate 2 issues concerning contemporary care of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The first issue is whether the use of low-molecular-weight heparin versus unfractionated heparin affects outcomes and safety when used as a therapy adjunctive to baseline treatment with tirofiban and aspirin in patients with non-ST-elevation (nSTE) ACS. The second issue is whether early use of an aggressively dosed statin is superior to a current trial-based "accepted care" regimen of a lower-dose statin started 3 to 6 months after an acute event...
August 2001: American Heart Journal
M A Espeland, S Kumanyika, A C Wilson, S Wilcox, D Chao, J Bahnson, D M Reboussin, L Easter, B Zheng
PURPOSE: To characterize the distribution of errors in self-reported sodium and potassium dietary intakes relative to more objective urine measures among participants receiving lifestyle interventions. METHODS: We analyzed longitudinal data from 900 individuals with hypertension who had been enrolled in a randomized controlled clinical trial to establish whether usual care or three lifestyle interventions (weight loss, sodium reduction, and combined weight loss and sodium reduction) could effectively substitute for phamacotherapy...
February 2001: Annals of Epidemiology
A Margolin, S K Avants, B Rounsaville, T R Kosten, R S Schottenfeld
Phamacotherapy trials for cocaine abuse among methadone-maintained patients have typically reported negative findings as well as high rates of cocaine use during the trial. The contribution of motivational factors to these results is a potentially important, under investigated area. This article points out that some methadone-maintained patients may enter a trial for cocaine abuse with little desire for treatment, motivated primarily to continue receiving methadone or to avoid program sanctions for continued cocaine use...
April 1997: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
M Mavissakalian, L Michelson, R S Dealy
Eighteen agoraphobic patients with randomly assigned to 12 week treatment with imipramine (I) or imipramine and programmed in-vivo exposure practice (I+BT) to investigate the contribution of behavioural instructions to the clinical effects of pharmacotherapy. Significantly greater improvement on phobic measures was found in the I+BT group compared to the I group. Differences were less marked on measures of panic and anxiety. The results suggest that imipramine possesses an antiphobic effect which can be substantially enhanced with programmed practice...
October 1983: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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