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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931268/an-epidemiological-analysis-of-equine-welfare-data-from-regulatory-inspections-by-the-official-competent-authorities
#1
P L Hitchens, J Hultgren, J Frössling, U Emanuelson, L J Keeling
Determining welfare status in a population is the first step in efforts to improve welfare. The primary objective of this study was to explore a new epidemiological approach for analysis of data from official competent authorities that pertain to compliance with animal welfare legislation. We reviewed data already routinely collected as part of Swedish official animal welfare inspections for 2010-13, using a checklist containing 45 checkpoints (CPs). These covered animal-, resource- and management-based measures of equine welfare...
December 9, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878580/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-the-first-10-years-of-diabetes-diagnosis-antecedent-factors-and-link-with-future-disability-in-taiwan
#2
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shang-Te Wu
PURPOSE: This study identified depressive symptom trajectories in the years after diabetes diagnosis, examined factors that predict the probability for people following a specific trajectory, and investigated how the trajectories are associated with subsequent disability. METHODS: We drew data from a nationally representative survey in Taiwan to identify adults aged 50 and older diagnosed with diabetes; 487 patients newly diagnosed with diabetes during 1996-2007 were included...
November 23, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826776/development-of-a-novel-simulation-model-for-assessment-of-laparoscopic-camera-navigation
#3
Melissa W Brackmann, Pamela Andreatta, Karen McLean, R Kevin Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic camera navigation is vital to laparoscopic surgery, yet often falls to the most junior member of the surgical team who has limited laparoscopic operating experience. Previously published reports on simulation models fail to address qualitative scoring of movement, method of communication and correct physician location with respect to patient position. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel laparoscopic camera navigation simulation model that addresses these deficiencies...
November 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825150/oxygen-uptake-recovery-kinetics-after-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Florent Baty, Arnoldus J R van Gestel, Lukas Kern, Martin H Brutsche
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in exercise parameters capable of objectively evaluating the functional capacity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to analyze breath-by-breath cardiopulmonary and gas exchange recovery responses of patients with COPD after a 6-minute walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics of patients were obtained using mobile telemetric cardiopulmonary monitoring during and after a 6MWT...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810664/the-resilience-status-of-empty-nest-elderly-in-a-community-a-latent-class-analysis
#5
Jie Zhang, Jing-Ping Zhang, Qiao-Mei Cheng, Fei-Fei Huang, Shu-Wen Li, An-Ni Wang, Pan Su
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the status and characteristics of resilience among empty-nest elderly in a community in China using exploratory latent class analysis (LCA). METHODS: This study enrolled 250 empty-nest elderly as the study respondents. General information regarding the resilience of empty-nest elderly was investigated using the General Information Questionnaire and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Chinese version, and we then used LCA and multivariate logistic regression to discuss the characteristics of resilience among empty-nest elderly individuals...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803137/validity-of-the-stage-of-exercise-scale-in-children-with-rheumatologic-conditions
#6
Samantha L Stephens, Mark S Tremblay, Guy Faulkner, Joseph Beyene, Tri H Nguyen, Suneye Koohsari, Elizaveta Limenis, Brian M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the face, content, and construct validity of the Stages of Exercise Scale (SOES) in children with rheumatologic conditions [juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM)], and if the validity of the SOES differs by disease type by comparing it with a disease control with a chronic respiratory illness [cystic fibrosis (CF)]. METHODS: Sixty-seven children and adolescents (43 female) ages 11 to 18 years with a diagnosis of either JDM (n = 15), JIA (n = 39), or CF (n = 13) completed the SOES; scales of sensibility, process of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy; the Child Health Assessment Questionnaire; and patient/physician ratings of disease severity...
December 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794055/disseminating-the-otago-exercise-program-in-the-united-states-perceived-and-actual-physical-performance-improvements-from-participants
#7
Tiffany E Shubert, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Marcia G Ory
The Otago Exercise Program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program disseminated internationally. Little is known about the implementation or effectiveness of the OEP in the United States. The purposes were to (a) identify characteristics of older adults enrolled in OEP, and (b) examine perceived and actual functional performance changes after participation in 8 weeks of the program. Baseline and 8-week functional and self-report data were collected on 210 older adults from 2013 to 2015. Linear mixed models and general estimating equations logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic factors were performed to assess changes...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781267/maternal-health-in-pregnancy-and-associations-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#8
Amy L Bird, Cameron C Grant, Dinusha K Bandara, Jatender Mohal, Polly E Atatoa-Carr, Michelle R Wise, Hazel Inskip, Motohide Miyahara, Susan M B Morton
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively multiple indicators of pregnancy health and associations with adverse birth outcomes within a large, diverse sample of contemporary women. DESIGN: A cohort of pregnant women who gave birth during 2009-10. POPULATION: We enrolled a sample of 6822 pregnant New Zealand (NZ) women: 11% of all births in NZ during the recruitment period. METHODS: We analysed a number of maternal health indicators and behaviours during pregnancy in relation to birth outcomes using multivariable logistic regression...
October 26, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774677/the-impact-of-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-on-patients-with-liver-disease
#9
H L Cole, S Pennycook, P C Hayes
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy has been reported to be an independent mortality risk factor in patients with cirrhosis. AIM: To identify the prevalence of PPI prescription, the appropriateness of this therapy and to investigate the relationship between PPI therapy and overall survival in patients with liver disease. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used patient data for 2012 to 2014 collected from the Scottish Liver Transplant Unit and the Hepatology Ward at the New Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh...
December 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765121/-association-between-gestational-weight-gain-per-trimester-total-gestational-weight-gain-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Z Y Dai, D Liu, R Li, Y Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, R Zhou, G Zeng
Objective: To understand the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) per trimester/total (GWG) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 829 healthy pregnant women from Chengdu who delivered a singleton during March-September 2013. Basic information about pre-pregnancy was collected at the first time, exercise information per trimester, dietary intake information per trimester and gestational age at delivery were obtained by questionnaire. Weight at the (12 ± 1)(th), (28 ± 1)(th), (36 ± 1)(th) and last week before delivery were measured...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748275/association-of-education-lifestyle-factors-with-the-perception-of-genetic-knowledge-on-the-development-of-lung-cancer
#11
Liang Wang, Kesheng Wang, Xuefeng Liu, Yi He
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The perception of genetic knowledge is useful for improving the heath behaviour change against developing cancers. However, no studies have investigated the perception of genetic knowledge on the development of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to examine demographic and lifestyle factors of the perception of genetic knowledge on the development of lung cancer. METHODS: Data on 2,295 US adults (739 had the perception of genetic knowledge) were taken from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736037/ventilatory-limitation-and-dynamic-hyperinflation-during-exercise-testing-in-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Solon Karapanagiotis, Simone Gambazza, Anna Brivio, Francesco D'Abrosca, Carla Colombo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of dynamic hyperinflation after the Modified Shuttle Test (MST) and its relationship with lung function, exercise tolerance, and clinical symptoms in Cystic Fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Retrospective observational study. Subjects in clinically stable condition with a CF diagnosis based on a positive sweat test (chloride >60 mEq/L) and/or presence of two disease causing mutations, with available data on MST, spirometry, maximal voluntary ventilation, and inspiratory capacity manoeuvres were considered for the analysis...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734537/perceived-exercise-limitation-in-asthma-the-role-of-disease-severity-overweight-and-physical-activity-in-children
#13
Thomas Westergren, Sveinung Berntsen, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Geir Håland, Liv Fegran, Kai-Håkon Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Children with asthma may be less physically active than their healthy peers. We aimed to investigate whether perceived exercise limitation (EL) was associated with lung function or bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR), socioeconomic factors, prenatal smoking, overweight, allergic disease, asthma severity, or physical activity (PA). METHODS: The 302 children with asthma from the 10-year examination of the Environment and Childhood Asthma birth cohort study underwent a clinical examination including perceived EL (structured interview of child and parent(s)), measure of overweight (body mass index by sex and age passing through 25 kg/m(2) or above at 18 years), exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (forced expiratory volume in one-second (FEV1 ) pre- and post-exercise), methacholine bronchial challenge (severe BHR; provocative dose causing ≥20% decrease in FEV1 ≤ 1 μmol), and asthma severity score (dose of controller medication and exacerbations last 12 months)...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679978/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-greek-children-based-on-rome-iii-criteria-identifying-the-child-at-risk
#14
I Bouzios, G Chouliaras, G P Chrousos, E Roma, V Gemou-Engesaeth
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are a common, diverse group of disorders of unknown etiology, resulting in significant socieconomic burden. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children aged 6-18 years and examine their association with various demographic and socioeconomic parameters. METHODS: This was a school-based, cross-sectional study approved by the relevant government authorities. Informed consent was obtained by the legal representatives of all children who participated...
September 28, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679672/environmental-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-malta-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#15
John Paul Cauchi, Liberato Camilleri, Christian Scerri
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Environmental exposures are known to play a role in the development of cancer, including breast cancer. There are known associations of breast cancer with environmental factors such as sunlight exposure, diet and exercise and alcohol consumption as well as physiological factors. This study examines the prevalence of risk factors for breast cancer related to dietary intake, environment and lifestyle in the female population of Malta. Malta has had little research in this area, and therefore an exploratory study was carried out...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669281/relationship-between-methyl-tertiary-butyl-ether-exposure-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-among-petrol-station-attendants-in-southern-china
#16
Jianping Yang, Qinzhi Wei, Xiaochun Peng, Xiaowu Peng, Jianhui Yuan, Dalin Hu
Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE)-A well known gasoline additive substituting for lead alkyls-causes lipid disorders and liver dysfunctions in animal models. However, whether MTBE exposure is a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains uncertain. We evaluate the possible relationship between MTBE exposure and the prevalence of NAFLD among 71 petrol station attendants in southern China. The personal exposure concentrations of MTBE were analyzed by Head Space Solid Phase Microextraction GC/MS...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663043/-sociodemographic-and-mental-health-risk-factors-global-and-local-conditions-according-to-the-survey-results-mental-health-in-the-general-population-in-18%C3%A2-international-locations
#17
F Chabaud, I Benradia, R Bouet, A Caria, J L Roelandt
INTRODUCTION: Mental Health in General Population survey (MHGP) is a socio-anthropological and epidemiological multicentre research carried out by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Mental Health (Lille, France). It assessed the prevalence of major mental disorders in the general population with 15,747 people aged 18 years and above in 18 sites worldwide: 6 European sites, 4 sites in the Maghreb, 4 sites in the Indian Ocean, 2 sites in the Caribbean and two sites in the Pacific Ocean...
September 20, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661549/-the-influence-of-parental-healthy-behaviors-on-healthy-lifestyles-of-early-adolescents
#18
Jorge Gaete, Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Esterbina Olivares, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Family behavior models may influence health promoting conducts among adolescents. AIM: To determine the association between health promoting behaviors among parents and healthy behaviors of early adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of the baseline assessment of a longitudinal study of early adolescents in the city of San Felipe, Region of Valparaiso, Chile. Parents and their teenage children, attending 5th to 7th grade, from ten municipal schools, participated in this study...
July 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645325/relation-of-depression-with-health-behaviors-and-social-conditions-of-dependent-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-the-republic-of-chile
#19
Felipe Alfonso Sandoval Garrido, Nanako Tamiya, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Haruko Noguchi
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are a leading cause of disability and emotional suffering, particularly in old age. However, evidence on depression and old age in developing countries remains largely ignored. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between health behavior and social conditions with depression among dependent community-dwelling older persons in the Republic of Chile. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and inferential study, using nationally representative secondary data...
September 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634592/differences-in-the-association-of-physical-activity-and-children-s-overweight-and-obesity-status-among-the-major-racial-and-ethnic-groups-of-u-s-children
#20
Alma D Guerrero, Martiniano Flores, Sitaram Vangala, Paul J Chung
Objective To examine the relationship of exercise with overweight and obesity among an ethnically diverse sample of U.S. children. Method Data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health were analyzed to examine the relationship of daily exercise with children's weight status. Propensity score covariate adjustment and multivariate logistic regression with survey weights were used to control for child, home, and community characteristics. Results Approximately 22% of all children ages 10 to 17 years engaged in daily exercise for at least 20 minutes...
September 15, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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