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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098780/adding-salt-to-meals-as-a-risk-factor-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-control-study
#1
Lina Radzeviciene, Rytas Ostrauskas
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is thought to arise from the complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. It is important to identify modifiable risk factors that may help to reduce the risk of diabetes. Data on salt intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between adding salt to prepared meals and the risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a case-control study, we included 234 cases, all of whom were patients aged 35-86 years with a newly confirmed diagnosis of T2DM, and 468 controls that were free of the disease...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068931/self-perceived-uselessness-and-associated-factors-among-older-adults-in-china
#2
Yuan Zhao, Jessica M Sautter, Li Qiu, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated with self-perceived uselessness. METHODS: Data came from four waves (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) of the largest nationwide longitudinal survey of the population aged 65 and older in China (26,624 individuals contributed 48,476 observations). This study aimed to systematically investigate factors associated with self-perceived uselessness based on the proposed REHAB framework that includes resources (R), environments (E), health (H), fixed attributes (A) and behaviors (B)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063513/associations-between-yoga-meditation-use-body-satisfaction-and-weight-management-methods-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-8009-australian-women
#3
Romy Lauche, David Sibbritt, Thomas Ostermann, Nicholas R Fuller, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether yoga or meditation use is associated with body (dis)satisfaction and weight control methods in Australian women. METHODS: Women ages 34 to 39 y from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were surveyed regarding body satisfaction, weight control behaviors, and yoga and meditation practice. Associations of body satisfaction and weight control methods with yoga/meditation practice were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multiple logistic regression modelling...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060461/responsiveness-of-the-bridge-maneuvers-in-subjects-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Carla Vanti, Silvano Ferrari, Pedro Berjano, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Marco Monticone
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date no study was made on the responsiveness of Bridge tests (BTs) in subjects with low back pain and spondylolisthesis (SPL) submitted to a physical therapy program. The objective of this study is to examine the responsiveness of the BTs in subjects with symptomatic lumbar SPL. METHODS: One hundred twenty patients with symptomatic SPL received physical therapy treatments for a number of sessions depending on the individual patient's needs...
January 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057355/physical-activity-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-pathological-subtype
#5
Virginia Lope, Miguel Martín, Adela Castelló, Soraya Casla, Amparo Ruiz, Jose Manuel Baena-Cañada, Ana Mª Casas, Lourdes Calvo, Begoña Bermejo, Montserrat Muñoz, Manuel Ramos, Ana de Juan-Ferré, Carlos Jara, Antonio Antón, Mª Ángeles Jimeno, Ana Lluch, Silvia Antolín, José Ángel García-Sáenz, Purificación Estévez, Esperanza Arriola-Arellano, Joaquín Gavilá, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Eva Carrasco, Marina Pollán
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of physical activity on breast cancer risk and evaluate whether adherence to international recommendations is associated with a decreased risk. METHODS: This is a multicenter matched case-control study where 698 pairs completed a physical activity questionnaire. Recreational physical activity during the last year was quantified in metabolic equivalent hours per week (MET-h/week) and categorized in activities of moderate (3.0-5...
January 2, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056929/childhood-temperament-predictors-of-adolescent-physical-activity
#6
James A Janssen, Jacek Kolacz, Lilly Shanahan, Meghan J Gangel, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Many patterns of physical activity involvement are established early in life. To date, the role of easily identifiable early-life individual predictors of PA, such as childhood temperament, remains relatively unexplored. Here, we tested whether childhood temperamental activity level, high intensity pleasure, low intensity pleasure, and surgency predicted engagement in physical activity (PA) patterns 11 years later in adolescence...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033166/patient-characteristics-predictive-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-adherence
#7
Diann E Gaalema, Patrick D Savage, Jason L Rengo, Alex Y Cutler, Rebecca J Elliott, Jeffrey S Priest, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a program of structured exercise and interventions for coronary risk factor reduction that reduces morbidity and mortality rates following a major cardiac event. Although a dose-response relationship between the number of CR sessions completed and health outcomes has been demonstrated, adherence with CR is not high. In this study, we examined associations between the number of sessions completed within CR and patient demographics, clinical characteristics, smoking status, and socioeconomic status (SES)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024129/-the-usefulness-of-complete-blood-count-in-predicting-cardiac-rehabilitation-failure-in-post-nstemi-patients
#8
Agnieszka Obrębska-Stefaniak, Robert Irzmański, Tomasz Grycewicz, Joanna Kapusta, Jan Kowalski
: ACS (acute coronary syndrome) NSTEMI is more prevalent than ACS STEMI. Within four years the mortality rate was twice higher in NSTEMI group than in the STEMI group. Studies have demonstrated that cardiac rehabilitation decreases the risk of all-cause mortality as well as the mortality related to cardiovascular events. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate with the use of an index of own design the prognostic value of the complete blood count (CBC) in predicting cardiac rehabilitation failure in post-NSTEMI patients...
December 22, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019100/assessing-the-impact-of-autonomous-motivation-and-psychological-need-satisfaction-in-explaining-adherence-to-an-exercise-referral-scheme
#9
Michael John Eynon, Christopher O'Donnell, Lynn Williams
Given the mixed findings concerning self-determination theory in explaining adherence to exercise referral schemes (ERS), the present study attempted to examine whether autonomous motivation and psychological need satisfaction could predict ERS adherence. Participants referred to an 8-week ERS completed self-report measures grounded in self-determination theory and basic needs theory at baseline (N = 124), mid-scheme (N = 58), and at the end of the scheme (N = 40). Logistic regressions were used to analyse the data...
December 26, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005475/parental-deployment-adolescent-academic-and-social-behavioral-maladjustment-and-parental-psychological-well-being-in-military-families
#10
Nancy Nicosia, Elizabeth Wong, Victoria Shier, Samira Massachi, Ashlesha Datar
OBJECTIVE: Increases in the frequency and length of military deployments have raised concerns about the well-being of military families. We examined the relationship between a military parent's deployment and (1) adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment and (2) parental psychological well-being. METHODS: We collected data from April 2013 through January 2014 from 1021 families of enlisted US Army personnel with children aged 12 or 13 during the Military Teenagers' Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974855/exercising-alone-versus-with-others-and-associations-with-subjective-health-status-in-older-japanese-the-jages-cohort-study
#11
Satoru Kanamori, Tomoko Takamiya, Shigeru Inoue, Yuko Kai, Ichiro Kawachi, Katsunori Kondo
Although exercising with others may have extra health benefits compared to exercising alone, few studies have examined the differences. We sought to examine whether the association of regular exercise to subjective health status differs according to whether people exercise alone and/or with others, adjusting for frequency of exercise. The study was based on the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) Cohort Study data. Participants were 21,684 subjects aged 65 or older. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the association...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960042/obesity-physical-activity-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-adolescents-from-east-london
#12
Aswathikutty Aswathikutty, Wagner Marcenes, Stephen A Stansfeld, Eduardo Bernabé
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence on the interplay between obesity, physical activity and traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) is still inconclusive and heavily based on cross-sectional studies. The aim of this study was to explore the interrelationship of obesity and physical activity at age 11-12 years with TDI at age 15-16-years among schoolchildren from East London. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Data were analysed regarding 598 adolescents who participated in phases I and III of the Research with East London Adolescents Community Health Survey (RELACHS), a longitudinal, school-based study of adolescents in East London...
December 13, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931268/an-epidemiological-analysis-of-equine-welfare-data-from-regulatory-inspections-by-the-official-competent-authorities
#13
P L Hitchens, J Hultgren, J Frössling, U Emanuelson, L J Keeling
Determining welfare status in a population is the first step in efforts to improve welfare. The primary objective of this study was to explore a new epidemiological approach for analysis of data from official competent authorities that pertain to compliance with animal welfare legislation. We reviewed data already routinely collected as part of Swedish official animal welfare inspections for 2010-13, using a checklist containing 45 checkpoints (CPs). These covered animal-, resource- and management-based measures of equine welfare...
December 9, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878580/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-the-first-10-years-of-diabetes-diagnosis-antecedent-factors-and-link-with-future-disability-in-taiwan
#14
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shang-Te Wu
PURPOSE: This study identified depressive symptom trajectories in the years after diabetes diagnosis, examined factors that predict the probability for people following a specific trajectory, and investigated how the trajectories are associated with subsequent disability. METHODS: We drew data from a nationally representative survey in Taiwan to identify adults aged 50 and older diagnosed with diabetes; 487 patients newly diagnosed with diabetes during 1996-2007 were included...
November 23, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826776/development-of-a-novel-simulation-model-for-assessment-of-laparoscopic-camera-navigation
#15
Melissa W Brackmann, Pamela Andreatta, Karen McLean, R Kevin Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic camera navigation is vital to laparoscopic surgery, yet often falls to the most junior member of the surgical team who has limited laparoscopic operating experience. Previously published reports on simulation models fail to address qualitative scoring of movement, method of communication and correct physician location with respect to patient position. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel laparoscopic camera navigation simulation model that addresses these deficiencies...
November 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825150/oxygen-uptake-recovery-kinetics-after-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Florent Baty, Arnoldus J R van Gestel, Lukas Kern, Martin H Brutsche
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in exercise parameters capable of objectively evaluating the functional capacity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to analyze breath-by-breath cardiopulmonary and gas exchange recovery responses of patients with COPD after a 6-minute walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics of patients were obtained using mobile telemetric cardiopulmonary monitoring during and after a 6MWT...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810664/the-resilience-status-of-empty-nest-elderly-in-a-community-a-latent-class-analysis
#17
Jie Zhang, Jing-Ping Zhang, Qiao-Mei Cheng, Fei-Fei Huang, Shu-Wen Li, An-Ni Wang, Pan Su
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the status and characteristics of resilience among empty-nest elderly in a community in China using exploratory latent class analysis (LCA). METHODS: This study enrolled 250 empty-nest elderly as the study respondents. General information regarding the resilience of empty-nest elderly was investigated using the General Information Questionnaire and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Chinese version, and we then used LCA and multivariate logistic regression to discuss the characteristics of resilience among empty-nest elderly individuals...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803137/validity-of-the-stage-of-exercise-scale-in-children-with-rheumatologic-conditions
#18
Samantha L Stephens, Mark S Tremblay, Guy Faulkner, Joseph Beyene, Tri H Nguyen, Suneye Koohsari, Elizaveta Limenis, Brian M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the face, content, and construct validity of the Stages of Exercise Scale (SOES) in children with rheumatologic conditions [juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM)], and if the validity of the SOES differs by disease type by comparing it with a disease control with a chronic respiratory illness [cystic fibrosis (CF)]. METHODS: Sixty-seven children and adolescents (43 female) ages 11 to 18 years with a diagnosis of either JDM (n = 15), JIA (n = 39), or CF (n = 13) completed the SOES; scales of sensibility, process of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy; the Child Health Assessment Questionnaire; and patient/physician ratings of disease severity...
December 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794055/disseminating-the-otago-exercise-program-in-the-united-states-perceived-and-actual-physical-performance-improvements-from-participants
#19
Tiffany E Shubert, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Marcia G Ory
The Otago Exercise Program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program disseminated internationally. Little is known about the implementation or effectiveness of the OEP in the United States. The purposes were to (a) identify characteristics of older adults enrolled in OEP, and (b) examine perceived and actual functional performance changes after participation in 8 weeks of the program. Baseline and 8-week functional and self-report data were collected on 210 older adults from 2013 to 2015. Linear mixed models and general estimating equations logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic factors were performed to assess changes...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781267/maternal-health-in-pregnancy-and-associations-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#20
Amy L Bird, Cameron C Grant, Dinusha K Bandara, Jatender Mohal, Polly E Atatoa-Carr, Michelle R Wise, Hazel Inskip, Motohide Miyahara, Susan M B Morton
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively multiple indicators of pregnancy health and associations with adverse birth outcomes within a large, diverse sample of contemporary women. DESIGN: A cohort of pregnant women who gave birth during 2009-10. POPULATION: We enrolled a sample of 6822 pregnant New Zealand (NZ) women: 11% of all births in NZ during the recruitment period. METHODS: We analysed a number of maternal health indicators and behaviours during pregnancy in relation to birth outcomes using multivariable logistic regression...
October 26, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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