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Logistic modeling exercise

Amy L Bird, Cameron C Grant, Dinusha K Bandara, Jatender Mohal, Polly E Atatoa-Carr, Michelle R Wise, Hazel Inskip, Motohide Miyahara, Susan M B Morton
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively multiple indicators of pregnancy health and associations with adverse birth outcomes within a large, diverse sample of contemporary women. DESIGN: A cohort of pregnant women who gave birth during 2009-10. POPULATION: We enrolled a sample of 6822 pregnant New Zealand (NZ) women: 11% of all births in NZ during the recruitment period. METHODS: We analysed a number of maternal health indicators and behaviours during pregnancy in relation to birth outcomes using multivariable logistic regression...
October 26, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
H L Cole, S Pennycook, P C Hayes
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy has been reported to be an independent mortality risk factor in patients with cirrhosis. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of PPI prescription, the appropriateness of this therapy and to investigate the relationship between PPI therapy and overall survival in patients with liver disease. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used patient data for 2012 to 2014 collected from the Scottish Liver Transplant Unit and the Hepatology Ward at the New Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh...
October 23, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Z Y Dai, D Liu, R Li, Y Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, R Zhou, G Zeng
Objective: To understand the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) per trimester/total (GWG) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 829 healthy pregnant women from Chengdu who delivered a singleton during March-September 2013. Basic information about pre-pregnancy was collected at the first time, exercise information per trimester, dietary intake information per trimester and gestational age at delivery were obtained by questionnaire. Weight at the (12 ± 1)(th), (28 ± 1)(th), (36 ± 1)(th) and last week before delivery were measured...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Liang Wang, Kesheng Wang, Xuefeng Liu, Yi He
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The perception of genetic knowledge is useful for improving the heath behaviour change against developing cancers. However, no studies have investigated the perception of genetic knowledge on the development of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to examine demographic and lifestyle factors of the perception of genetic knowledge on the development of lung cancer. METHODS: Data on 2,295 US adults (739 had the perception of genetic knowledge) were taken from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Solon Karapanagiotis, Simone Gambazza, Anna Brivio, Francesco D'Abrosca, Carla Colombo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of dynamic hyperinflation after the Modified Shuttle Test (MST) and its relationship with lung function, exercise tolerance, and clinical symptoms in Cystic Fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Retrospective observational study. Subjects in clinically stable condition with a CF diagnosis based on a positive sweat test (chloride >60 mEq/L) and/or presence of two disease causing mutations, with available data on MST, spirometry, maximal voluntary ventilation, and inspiratory capacity manoeuvres were considered for the analysis...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Thomas Westergren, Sveinung Berntsen, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Geir Håland, Liv Fegran, Kai-Håkon Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Children with asthma may be less physically active than their healthy peers. We aimed to investigate if perceived exercise limitation (EL) was associated with lung function or bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), socio-economic factors, prenatal smoking, overweight, allergic disease, asthma severity or physical activity (PA). METHODS: The 302 children with asthma from the 10-year examination of the Environment and Childhood Asthma birth cohort study underwent a clinical examination including perceived EL (structured interview of child and parent(s)), measure of overweight (body mass index by sex and age passing through 25kg/m(2) or above at18 years), exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) pre- and post-exercise), methacholine bronchial challenge (severe BHR; provocative dose causing ≥20% decrease in FEV1≤1μmol) and asthma severity score (dose of controller medication and exacerbations last 12 months)...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
I Bouzios, G Chouliaras, G P Chrousos, E Roma, V Gemou-Engesaeth
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are a common, diverse group of disorders of unknown etiology, resulting in significant socieconomic burden. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children aged 6-18 years and examine their association with various demographic and socioeconomic parameters. METHODS: This was a school-based, cross-sectional study approved by the relevant government authorities. Informed consent was obtained by the legal representatives of all children who participated...
September 28, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
John Paul Cauchi, Liberato Camilleri, Christian Scerri
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Environmental exposures are known to play a role in the development of cancer, including breast cancer. There are known associations of breast cancer with environmental factors such as sunlight exposure, diet and exercise and alcohol consumption as well as physiological factors. This study examines the prevalence of risk factors for breast cancer related to dietary intake, environment and lifestyle in the female population of Malta. Malta has had little research in this area, and therefore an exploratory study was carried out...
2016: EPMA Journal
Jianping Yang, Qinzhi Wei, Xiaochun Peng, Xiaowu Peng, Jianhui Yuan, Dalin Hu
Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE)-A well known gasoline additive substituting for lead alkyls-causes lipid disorders and liver dysfunctions in animal models. However, whether MTBE exposure is a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains uncertain. We evaluate the possible relationship between MTBE exposure and the prevalence of NAFLD among 71 petrol station attendants in southern China. The personal exposure concentrations of MTBE were analyzed by Head Space Solid Phase Microextraction GC/MS...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
F Chabaud, I Benradia, R Bouet, A Caria, J L Roelandt
INTRODUCTION: Mental Health in General Population survey (MHGP) is a socio-anthropological and epidemiological multicentre research carried out by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Mental Health (Lille, France). It assessed the prevalence of major mental disorders in the general population with 15,747 people aged 18 years and above in 18 sites worldwide: 6 European sites, 4 sites in the Maghreb, 4 sites in the Indian Ocean, 2 sites in the Caribbean and two sites in the Pacific Ocean...
September 20, 2016: L'Encéphale
Jorge Gaete, Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Esterbina Olivares, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Family behavior models may influence health promoting conducts among adolescents. AIM: To determine the association between health promoting behaviors among parents and healthy behaviors of early adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of the baseline assessment of a longitudinal study of early adolescents in the city of San Felipe, Region of Valparaiso, Chile. Parents and their teenage children, attending 5th to 7th grade, from ten municipal schools, participated in this study...
July 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Felipe Alfonso Sandoval Garrido, Nanako Tamiya, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Haruko Noguchi
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are a leading cause of disability and emotional suffering, particularly in old age. However, evidence on depression and old age in developing countries remains largely ignored. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between health behavior and social conditions with depression among dependent community-dwelling older persons in the Republic of Chile. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and inferential study, using nationally representative secondary data...
September 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Alma D Guerrero, Martiniano Flores, Sitaram Vangala, Paul J Chung
Objective To examine the relationship of exercise with overweight and obesity among an ethnically diverse sample of U.S. children. Method Data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health were analyzed to examine the relationship of daily exercise with children's weight status. Propensity score covariate adjustment and multivariate logistic regression with survey weights were used to control for child, home, and community characteristics. Results Approximately 22% of all children ages 10 to 17 years engaged in daily exercise for at least 20 minutes...
September 15, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Nariaki Shiraishi, Yusuke Suzuki, Daisuke Matsumoto, Seungwon Jeong, Motoya Sugiyama, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether self-exercise programs (SEPs) for patients following stroke contribute to improved activities of daily living (ADL) at hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, propensity score (PS)-matched case-control study. SETTING: Japanese general hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 1,560 post-stroke patients hospitalized between 2006 and 2012 satisfying the following criteria: (1) data were available regarding age, sex, duration from stroke to hospital admission, length of stay, functional independence measure (FIM), modified Rankin scale (mRS) score, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, Japan Stroke Scale (JSS) score, and SEP participation; and (2) admitted ≤7 days after stroke onset, 7-60-day length of stay, pre-stroke mRS score ≤2, and not discharged due to FIM or mRS exacerbation...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Shigeatsu Hashimoto, Masato Nagai, Shingo Fukuma, Tetsuya Ohira, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Hiroaki Satoh, Hitoshi Suzuki, Akira Sakai, Akira Ohtsuru, Yukihiko Kawasaki, Atsushi Takahashi, Kotaro Ozasa, Gen Kobashi, Kenji Kamiya, Shunichi Yamashita, Shun-Ichi Fukuhara, Hitoshi Ohto, Masafumi Abe
AIM: After the Great East Japan Earthquake, over 160,000 residents near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were forced to evacuate due to a nuclear accident. Health problems in these evacuees have since become major issues. We examined the association between evacuation and incidence of metabolic syndrome (METS) among residents in Fukushima. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study among residents aged 40-74 years without METS at the time of the disaster in Fukushima...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Ching Ching Yew, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Shaifulizan Abdul Rahman
OBJECTIVES: This study is to evaluate the dental arch relationship and palatal morphology of unilateral cleft lip and palate patients by using EUROCRAN index, and to assess the factors that affect them using multivariate statistical analysis. METHOD: A total of one hundred and seven patients from age five to twelve years old with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate were included in the study. These patients have received cheiloplasty and one stage palatoplasty surgery but yet to receive alveolar bone grafting procedure...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Caroline S Kampshoff, Willem van Mechelen, Goof Schep, Marten R Nijziel, Lenja Witlox, Lisa Bosman, Mai J M Chinapaw, Johannes Brug, Laurien M Buffart
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was  to identify demographic, clinical, psychosocial, physical and environmental factors that are associated with participation in and adherence to a combined resistance and endurance exercise program among cancer survivors, shortly after completion of primary cancer treatment. Data from the randomized controlled Resistance and Endurance exercise After ChemoTherapy (REACT) study were used for this study. METHODS: The participants of the REACT study were randomly allocated to either a high intensity (HI) or low-to-moderate intensity (LMI) exercise program...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Zhi-Peng Yan, Jing-Xue Ma
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in northern Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed between May 2011 and April 2012. A total of 1100 patients (male/female, 483/617) were included in this study. DR was defined following the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) severity scale. All included patients accepted a comprehensive ophthalmic examination including retinal photographs...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ahmed Elhakeem, Rachel Cooper, David Bann, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations of birth weight with ability in school sports in adolescence and participation in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) across adulthood, and to investigate whether associations between birth weight and LTPA change with age. METHODS: Study participants were British singletons born in 1946 and followed-up to age 68 (the MRC National Survey of Health and Development). Birth weights were extracted from birth records. Teacher reports of ability in school sports were collected at age 13 years...
August 30, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Martin Basedow, Peter Hibbert, Tamara Hooper, William Runciman, Adrian Esterman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the satisfaction of Australian patients who suffer from osteoarthritis (OA) with their health care providers and the perceived helpfulness of treatments and information sources. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was conducted with a sample of 560 Australian patients who suffer from OA with questions about satisfaction with health care providers and the helpfulness of different treatment options and information sources...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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