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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121901/couple-s-concordance-and-discordance-in-household-decision-making-and-married-women-s-use-of-modern-contraceptives-in-bangladesh
#1
Jalal Uddin, Muhammad Zakir Hossin, Mohammad Habibullah Pulok
BACKGROUND: Although a large body of studies documents that women's autonomy in the household is associated with better reproductive health outcomes, these studies typically examined autonomy only from women's point of view. The current study employs husband's and wife's perspectives together to examine the relationship between the decision-making arrangements in the household and the women's use of modern contraceptives in Bangladesh. METHODS: The study used the couple dataset of 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117249/multimodel-inference-applied-to-oxygen-recovery-kinetics-after-6-min-walk-tests-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Florent Baty, Christian Ritz, Signe Marie Jensen, Lukas Kern, Michael Tamm, Martin Hugo Brutsche
6-min walk tests (6MWT) are routinely performed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) kinetics during 6MWT can be modeled and derived parameters provide indicators of patients' exercise capacity. Post-exercise [Formula: see text] recovery also provides important parameters of patients' fitness which has not been extensively investigated in COPD. Several nonlinear regression models with different underlying biological assumptions may be suitable for describing recovery kinetics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105234/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-australian-women-aged-45-and-older-who-consult-acupuncturists-for-their-osteoarthritis
#3
Lu Yang, Wenbo Peng, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: There is growing acupuncture use amongst people with osteoarthritis, and acupuncture has been shown to have a positive effect on osteoarthritis. The aim of the study is to identify the characteristics of Australian women who consult acupuncturists for osteoarthritis treatment in order to help inform patients, practitioners and policy makers about the range of health care options accessed by older women with osteoarthritis. METHODS: The research reported here involved participants from a sub-study of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study in Australia...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101688/racial-disparities-and-factors-affecting-michigan-colorectal-cancer-screening
#4
Vincent Grzywacz, Nasir Hussain, Neli Ragina
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the various factors that influence colorectal cancer screening in Michigan using 6091 participants in the Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System representing adults ≥ 50 years old. METHODS: Screening for colorectal cancer was assessed as fecal occult blood testing or colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy. Full models simultaneously adjusted for alcohol use, angina/coronary heart disease, stroke, heart attack, gender, income, marital status, race, age, diabetes, disability, exercise, health care coverage, health care access, smoking, and mental health...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097231/poor-anaerobic-power-capability-and-static-balance-predicted-prospective-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-soldiers-of-the-101st-airborne-air-assault-division
#5
Takashi Nagai, Mita Lovalekar, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Michael D Wirt, Kim Beals
Musculoskeletal injuries have negatively impacted tactical readiness. The identification of prospective and modifiable risk factors of preventable musculoskeletal injuries can guide specific injury prevention strategies for Soldiers and health care providers. OBJECTIVES: To analyze physiological and neuromuscular characteristics as predictors of preventable musculoskeletal injuries. DESIGN: Prospective-cohort study. METHODS: A total of 491 Soldiers were enrolled and participated in the baseline laboratory testing, including body composition, aerobic capacity, anaerobic power/capacity, muscular strength, flexibility, static balance, and landing biomechanics...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092619/racial-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-recommendations-lifestyle-changes-and-medication-prescriptions-for-high-cholesterol
#6
Emily Bacon
OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol is a common condition in the United States, affecting nearly one third of adults, and is a leading precursor to coronary heart disease. This study investigates race/ethnic differences in treatment recommendations for patients with high cholesterol, including prescription medication and lifestyle changes such as eating less fat, losing weight, or exercising more. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4846), a representative sample of adults in the United States, and the 2005-2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (N = 12,113), a representative sample of patient visits in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075484/lifestyle-factors-associated-with-underweight-among-japanese-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Hinako Nanri, Rimei Nishimura, Shohei Nomoto, Hiromi Hoshino, Akatsuki Kokaze
BACKGROUND: Because underweight in adolescents poses several health problems, it is important to prevent it in adolescence. For the prevention of underweight, it is necessary to investigate risk factors, especially lifestyles, because these can be modified. However, a limited number of studies exist regarding lifestyle factors associated with underweight among adolescents. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between lifestyle factors and underweight among Japanese adolescents...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070470/-association-between-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-to-height-ratio-phenotype-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-community-population-in-south-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Xiao-Fei Shao, Bi-Fang Wu, Ai-Qun Liu, Bin Li, Yong-Qiang Li, Qin Zhou, He-Qun Zou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between hypertriglyceridemic waist to height ratio phenotype (HWHtR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a community population in South China. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among 2142 residents in Zhuhai (Guangdong Province, China) from June to October of 2012. The HWHtR phenotype was defined as a waist to height ratio(WHtR) ≥0.55 and triglyceride level ≥2.0 mmol/L, based on which the participants were divided into HWHtR group and nonHWHtR group...
October 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068865/effect-of-a-lower-extremity-preventive-training-program-on-physical-performance-scores-in-military-recruits
#9
Karen Y Peck, Lindsay J DiStefano, Stephen W Marshall, Darin A Padua, Anthony I Beutler, Sarah J de la Motte, Barnett S Frank, Jessica C Martinez, Kenneth L Cameron
Peck, KY, DiStefano, LJ, Marshall, SW, Padua, DA, Beutler, AI, de la Motte, SJ, Frank, BS, Martinez, JC, and Cameron, KL. Effect of a lower extremity preventive training program on physical performance scores in military recruits. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3146-3157, 2017-Exercise-based preventive training programs are designed to improve movement patterns associated with lower extremity injury risk; however, the impact of these programs on general physical fitness has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to compare fitness scores between participants in a preventive training program and a control group...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061601/the-prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-northwest-ethiopia-survey-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system
#10
Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Gashaw Andargie, Alemayehu Shimeka, Kassahun Alemu, Yigzaw Kebede, Mamo Wubeshet, Amare Tariku, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Mulugeta Bayisa, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to investigate the magnitude and associated factors of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) at the Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (DHDSS) site in the northwestern part of Ethiopia. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October to December 2014. SETTING: HDSS site, Ethiopia. PARTICIPANTS: A total population of 67 397 living in 16 053 households was included in the study...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049336/exercise-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kirsten K Roessler, Randi Bilberg, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kurt Jensen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Sengül Sari
AIMS: To examine whether physical activity as an adjunct to outpatient alcohol treatment has an effect on alcohol consumption following participation in an exercise intervention of six months' duration, and at 12 months after treatment initiation. METHODS: The study is a randomized controlled study with three arms: Patients allocated to (A) treatment as usual, (B) treatment as usual and supervised group exercise, (C) treatment as usual and individual physical exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#12
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037845/implementing-core-nice-guidelines-for-osteoarthritis-in-primary-care-with-a-model-consultation-mosaics-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
K S Dziedzic, E L Healey, M Porcheret, E K Afolabi, M Lewis, A Morden, C Jinks, G A McHugh, S Ryan, A Finney, C Main, J J Edwards, Z Paskins, A Pushpa-Rajah, E M Hay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a model osteoarthritis consultation, compared with usual care, on physical function and uptake of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) osteoarthritis recommendations, in adults ≥45 years consulting with peripheral joint pain in UK general practice. METHOD: Two-arm cluster-randomised controlled trial with baseline health survey. Eight general practices in England. PARTICIPANTS: 525 adults ≥45 years consulting for peripheral joint pain, amongst 28,443 population survey recipients...
October 14, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952377/food-insecurity-weight-status-and-perceived-nutritional-and-exercise-barriers-in-an-urban-youth-population
#14
Tamara E Baer, Emily A Scherer, Tracy K Richmond, Eric W Fleegler, Areej Hassan
Food insecurity and overweight/obesity coexist among youth; however, evidence for their association has been mixed. Our objectives were to assess the association between (1) level of food security and weight classification and (2) food insecurity and perceived nutritional and exercise barriers in an urban youth population. Patients aged 15 to 25 years completed a US Department of Agriculture Food Security Survey. Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis tests, and logistic regression models controlling for age and gender assessed the association between food security level, weight classification, and perceived barriers...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951404/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-adopting-bone-health-promoting-behaviours-among-people-with-osteoporosis-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Po-Han Chen, Ming-Shyan Lin, Tung-Jung Huang, Mei-Yen Chen
OBJECTIVES: To detect osteopenia, osteoporosis, treatments received and bone health promoting behaviours early among postmenopausal women and elderly men, and to explore the associated factors. DESIGN: A community-based cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Two rural townships in Yunlin County, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 941 adults including 651 postmenopausal women and 290 elderly men aged >65 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: Bone mineral density was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951020/using-machine-learning-to-define-the-association-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-all-cause-mortality-from-the-henry-ford-exercise-testing-project
#16
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Radwa Elshawi, Amjad M Ahmed, Waqas T Qureshi, Clinton A Brawner, Michael J Blaha, Haitham M Ahmed, Jonathan K Ehrman, Steven J Keteyian, Sherif Sakr
Previous studies have demonstrated that cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong marker of cardiovascular health. Machine learning (ML) can enhance the prediction of outcomes through classification techniques that classify the data into predetermined categories. The aim of the analysis is to compare the prediction of 10 years of all-cause mortality (ACM) using statistical logistic regression (LR) and ML approaches in a cohort of patients who underwent exercise stress testing. We included 34,212 patients (55% males, mean age 54 ± 13 years) free of coronary artery disease or heart failure who underwent exercise treadmill stress testing between 1991 and 2009 and had complete 10-year follow-up...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950725/the-effect-of-an-exercise-intervention-on-gestational-weight-gain-the-behaviors-affecting-baby-and-you-b-a-b-y-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Carrie Nobles, Bess H Marcus, Edward J Stanek, Barry Braun, Brian W Whitcomb, JoAnn E Manson, Glenn Markenson, Lisa Chasan-Taber
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a prenatal exercise intervention on gestational weight gain (GWG) and to update meta-analyses. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial and meta-analysis. SETTING: Obstetrical practices in a Western Massachusetts hospital. PATIENTS: We analyzed 241 ethnically diverse pregnant participants at high risk for gestational diabetes in the Behaviors Affecting Baby and You (B.A.B.Y.) study. A total of 118 participants were randomized to an exercise intervention group and 123 to a comparison health and wellness intervention group...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938249/absence-of-fitness-improvement-is-associated-with-outcomes-in-heart-failure-patients
#18
Esmée A Bakker, Johan A Snoek, Esther P Meindersma, Maria T E Hopman, Louise Bellersen, André L M Verbeek, Dick H J Thijssen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and improvements in CRF after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in heart failure (HF) patients for their risk of all-cause mortality and unplanned hospitalization. Secondly, to investigate possible factors associated with the absence of improvement in CRF after rehabilitation. METHODS: We included 155 HF patients receiving CR between October 2009 and January 2015. Patients performed an incremental bicycle test to assess CRF through peak oxygen uptake (VO2-peak) before and after CR-based supervised exercise training...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937577/trajectories-of-musculoskeletal-pain-from-adolescence-to-middle-age-the-role-of-early-depressive-symptoms-a-27-year-follow-up-of-the-northern-swedish-cohort
#19
Päivi Leino-Arjas, Kristiina Rajaleid, Gashaw Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Depression and musculoskeletal pain are associated, but long-term follow-up studies are rare. We aimed to examine the relationship of early depressive symptoms with developmental patterns of musculoskeletal pain from adolescence to middle age. Adolescents ending compulsory school (age 16) in Luleå, Northern Sweden, in 1981 (n = 1083) were studied and followed up in 1986, 1995, and 2008 (age 43) for musculoskeletal pain. Attrition was very low. Indicators for any and severe pain were based on pain in the neck-shoulders, low back, and the extremities...
October 5, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935919/split-dosing-of-artemisinins-does-not-improve-antimalarial-therapeutic-efficacy
#20
N J White, J Watson, E A Ashley
It has been suggested recently, based on pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modelling exercises, that twice daily dosing of artemisinins increases malaria parasite killing and so could "dramatically enhance and restore drug effectiveness" in artemisinin resistant P. falciparum malaria infections. It was recommended that split dosing should be incorporated into all artemisinin combination regimen designs. To explain why parasite clearance rates were not faster with split dose regimens it was concluded that splenic malaria parasite clearance capacity was readily exceeded, resulting in the accumulation of dead parasites in the circulation, that parasite clearance was therefore an unreliable measure of drug efficacy, and instead that human immunity is the primary determinant of clearance rates...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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