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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619107/risk-factors-of-suicide-attempt-among-people-with-suicidal-ideation-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Soo Beom Choi, Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won, Deok Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious public health concern worldwide, and the fourth leading cause of death in Korea. Few studies have focused on risk factors for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the risk factors and develop prediction models for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation in the Korean population. METHOD: This study included 1567 men and 3726 women aged 20 years and older who had suicidal ideation from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2012...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616916/-relationship-between-lep-g2548a-polymorphism-and-cholesterol-gallstone
#2
Jing Chen, Jie He, Jiang-Hui Chen, Zhen-Bin Lai, Qi-Jun Cheng, Xiao-Shan Yu, Hui-Fen Liu, Yan-Hua Su, Ben-Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in leptin (LEP) genes and environmental factors with cholesterol gallstone in southeast Han populations. METHODS: A 1:2 matched case-control study was conducted involving 200 patients with cholesterol gallstone. Genotyping of the SNP was examined on the LightCycler480 PCR platform using in-house high resolution melting (HRM) approaches. Detection correctness was validated through direct sequencing...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603432/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-both-body-mass-index-and-middle-upper-arm-circumference-of-mothers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-study
#3
Achenef Motbainor, Alemayehu Worku, Abera Kumie
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and associated malnutrition result in serious health problems in developing countries. This study determined levels of maternal undernutrition and its association with food insecurity in northwest Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a community-based comparative cross-sectional study conducted May 24-July 20, 2013. Multistage random sampling was used to select 4,110 samples. Availability of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme was used for grouping the study areas...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601958/mapping-of-the-dlqi-scores-to-eq-5d-utility-values-using-ordinal-logistic-regression
#4
Faraz Mahmood Ali, Richard Kay, Andrew Y Finlay, Vincent Piguet, Joerg Kupfer, Florence Dalgard, M Sam Salek
PURPOSE: The Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the European Quality of Life-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) are separate measures that may be used to gather health-related quality of life (HRQoL) information from patients. The EQ-5D is a generic measure from which health utility estimates can be derived, whereas the DLQI is a specialty-specific measure to assess HRQoL. To reduce the burden of multiple measures being administered and to enable a more disease-specific calculation of health utility estimates, we explored an established mathematical technique known as ordinal logistic regression (OLR) to develop an appropriate model to map DLQI data to EQ-5D-based health utility estimates...
June 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584169/the-effects-of-physical-activity-and-body-fat-mass-on-colorectal-polyp-recurrence-in-patients-with-previous-colorectal-cancer
#5
Jihye Park, Jae Hyun Kim, Hyun Jung Lee, Soo Jung Park, Sung Pil Hong, Jae Hee Cheon, Won Ho Kim, Ji Soo Park, Justin Y Jeon, Tae Il Kim
We aimed to identify the effects of physical activity and body composition on colorectal polyp recurrence in patients with previous colorectal cancer. Three hundred patients were selected randomly from the colorectal cancer survivor cohort of Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Patients reported various recreational physical activities, and received surveillance colonoscopy. Body composition was measured with a body composition analyzer. We compared patients who exercised for at least 1 h/week (active) with those who exercised less frequently or not at all (sedentary)...
June 5, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576612/evaluation-of-an-association-between-long-sleep-duration-and-periodontal-disease-among-men-and-women-using-nationally-representative-data
#6
Kyungdo Han, Yong-Moon Park, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between long sleep duration and periodontal disease among men and women using nationally representative data. METHODS: In this study, we performed a cross-sectional analysis and used multivariable logistic regression analysis models. We analysed data from 2012 through 2014 from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The analysis in this study was confined to a total of 14,675 respondents over 19 years of age...
May 30, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569124/low-bone-mineral-density-is-associated-with-breast-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#7
P Ferreira Poloni, H De Luca Vespoli, B de Sousa Almeida-Filho, F Bueloni-Dias, J Nahas-Neto, E Aguiar Petri Nahas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors compared with postmenopausal women without breast cancer (controls). METHOD: In this study, 112 breast cancer survivors were compared to 224 women (controls). Inclusion criteria were amenorrhea ≥12 months, age 45-75 years, treated for breast cancer, and metastasis-free for at least 5 years. The control group consisted of women without breast cancer, matched by age and menopause status (in a proportion of 1: 2 as sample calculation)...
June 1, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553755/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-can-its-failure-be-predicted
#8
Robert Irzmański, Joanna Kapusta, Agnieszka Obrębska-Stefaniak, Beata Urzędowicz, Jan Kowalski
BACKGROUND: The prognosis in patients after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is significantly burdened by coexisting anaemia, leukocytosis and low glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Hyperglycaemia in the early stages of ACS is a strong predictor of death and heart failure in non-diabetic subjects. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of hyperglycaemia, anaemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytopaenia and decreased GFR on the risk of the failure of cardiac rehabilitation (phase II at the hospital) in post-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients...
May 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546140/what-to-build-for-middle-agers-to-come-attractive-and-necessary-functions-of-exercise-promotion-mobile-phone-apps-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Gen-Yih Liao, Yu-Tai Chien, Yu-Jen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Hsiung, Hsiao-Jung Chen, Meng-Hua Hsieh, Wen-Jie Wu
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for middle-agers to maintain health both in middle age and in old age. Although thousands of exercise-promotion mobile phone apps are available for download, current literature offers little understanding regarding which design features can enhance middle-aged adults' quality perception toward exercise-promotion apps and which factor may influence such perception. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to understand (1) which design features of exercise-promotion apps can enhance quality perception of middle-agers, (2) whether their needs are matched by current functions offered in app stores, and (3) whether physical activity (PA) and mobile phone self-efficacy (MPSE) influence quality perception...
May 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544465/correlates-of-nocturia-and-relationships-of-nocturia-with-sleep-quality-and-glycemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Chun-Jen Chang, Dee Pei, Chien-Chih Wu, Mary H Palmer, Ching-Chieh Su, Shu-Fen Kuo, Yuan-Mei Liao
PURPOSES: To explore correlates of nocturia, compare sleep quality and glycemic control for women with and without nocturia, and examine relationships of nocturia with sleep quality and glycemic control in women with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, correlational study with data collected from 275 women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542072/effect-of-exercise-training-on-the-frequency-of-contracture-release-surgeries-in-burned-children
#11
Jong O Lee, David N Herndon, Clark Andersen, Oscar E Suman, Ted T Huang
BACKGROUND: Intensive physical exercise (IPE) increases strength, lean body mass, aerobic capacity, and range of motion in children with extensive burns. However, whether IPE decreases the frequency of burn scar contracture-releasing procedures in children with extensive burns is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected surgical records of 184 children who had undergone axilla, elbow, and/or wrist contracture-releasing procedures were reviewed. All children were 7 years or older and had sustained burns of at least 40% of the total body surface area...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535772/rural-urban-difference-in-the-use-of-annual-physical-examination-among-seniors-in-shandong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Dandan Ge, Jie Chu, Chengchao Zhou, Yangyang Qian, Li Zhang, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Regular physical examination contributes to early detection and timely treatment, which is helpful in promoting healthy behaviors and preventing diseases. The objective of this study is to compare the annual physical examination (APE) use between rural and urban elderly in China. METHODS: A total of 3,922 participants (60+) were randomly selected from three urban districts and three rural counties in Shandong Province, China, and were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire...
May 23, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534211/associations-between-yoga-practice-and-joint-problems-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-9151-australian-women
#13
Romy Lauche, Dania Schumann, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
Yoga exercises have been associated with joint problems recently, indicating that yoga practice might be potentially dangerous for joint health. This study aimed to analyse whether regular yoga practice is associated with the frequency of joint problems in upper middle-aged Australian women. Women aged 62-67 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) were questioned in 2013 whether they experienced regular joint pain or problems in the past 12 months and whether they regularly practiced yoga...
May 22, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529487/cardiac-baroreflex-variability-and-resetting-during-sustained-mild-effort
#14
Mair Zamir, Mark B Badrov, T Dylan Olver, J Kevin Shoemaker
This exploratory study assessed the pattern of closed-loop baroreflex resetting using multi-logistic-curve analysis. Operating point gain and ranges of RR-interval (RRI) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) are derived to examine how these relate to sympathetic activation. Sustained low-intensity isometric handgrip exercise, with a period of post-exercise circulatory occlusion (PECO), provided a model to study baroreflex resetting because the progression toward fatigue at constant tension induces a continuous increase in volitional contribution to neuro-cardiovascular control...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500620/relationship-between-disordered-eating-and-self-identified-sexual-minority-youth-in-a-sample-of-public-high-school-adolescents
#15
Keith J Zullig, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Robert F Valois
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between selected disordered eating behaviors and self-reported sexual minority status (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) among a representative sample of high school adolescents. METHODS: The 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored Connecticut Youth Risk Behavior Survey was utilized (N = 2242). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses, separated by gender, examined sexual minority adolescents (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) and selected eating behaviors...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455164/microvascular-complications-and-their-associated-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Parvin Akter Khanam, Sayama Hoque, Tanjima Begum, Samira Humaira Habib, Zafar Ahmed Latif
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of microvascular complications and to identify the various risk factors related to these complications in subjects with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and conducted in Outdoor of BIRDEM, from July 2014 to December 2014. Subjects were considered at age 30 to 60 years and duration of diabetes was 2-10 years. Investigations included socio-demographic, anthropometry and blood pressure...
April 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437566/physical-therapists-perceptions-of-telephone-and-internet-video-mediated-service-models-for-exercise-management-of-people-with-osteoarthritis
#17
Belinda J Lawford, Kim L Bennell, Jessica Kasza, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate physical therapists' perceptions of, and willingness to use, telephone- and internet-mediated service models for exercise therapy for people with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: An internet-based survey of Australian physical therapists comprising three sections: i) demographic information; and 16 positively-framed perception statements about delivering exercise via ii) telephone and; iii) video over the internet, for people with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431574/does-where-you-live-matter-to-your-health-investigating-factors-that-influence-the-self-rated-health-of-urban-and-rural-chinese-residents-evidence-drawn-from-chinese-general-social-survey-data
#18
Hongsheng Chen, Ye Liu, Zhenjun Zhu, Zhigang Li
BACKGROUND: China's rapid urbanization over the past decades has exacerbated the problems of environmental degradation and health disparities. However, few studies have analysed the differences between urban and rural residents in relation to how environmental quality impacts health outcomes. This study examines the associations between Chinese people's perceptions of environmental quality and their self-rated health, particularly focusing on differences between rural and urban residents in environment-health relationships...
April 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425092/coffee-consumption-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-by-anatomical-subsite-in-japan-results-from-the-herpacc-studies
#19
Hiroko Senda Nakagawa, Hidemi Ito, Satoyo Hosono, Isao Oze, Hideo Tanaka, Keitaro Matsuo
Consumption of coffee, a popular beverage worldwide, has been associated with lower colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Although CRC exhibits different biological characteristics by anatomical subsite, the possibly heterogeneous impact of coffee on CRC by anatomical subsite has remained unclear. Here, we conducted two case-control studies to examine the association between coffee consumption and CRC risk as well as risk by anatomic subsite among Japanese using data from the Hospital-based Epidemiological Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center I and II (HERPACC-I and II)...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399634/prognostic-impact-of-physical-activity-prior-to-myocardial-infarction-case-fatality-and-subsequent-risk-of-heart-failure-and-death
#20
Hanne Ejlersen, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, My Catarina von Euler-Chelpin, Pernille Palm Johansen, Peter Schnohr, Eva Prescott
Background Animal studies indicate that exercise reduces myocardial damage during myocardial infarction by ischaemic preconditioning. Aim To determine from a prospective cohort study whether the level of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in humans prior to myocardial infarction could modify the course of myocardial infarction by reducing case fatality and the subsequent risk of heart failure and mortality. Methods A total of 14,223 participants in the Copenhagen City Heart Study were assessed at baseline in 1976-1978; 1,664 later developed myocardial infarction (mean age at myocardial infarction 70...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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