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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938249/absence-of-fitness-improvement-is-associated-with-outcomes-in-heart-failure-patients
#1
Esmée A Bakker, Johan A Snoek, Esther P Meindersma, Maria T E Hopman, Louise Bellersen, André L M Verbeek, Dick H J Thijssen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and improvements in CRF after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in heart failure (HF) patients for their risk of all-cause mortality and unplanned hospitalization. Secondly, to investigate possible factors associated with the absence of improvement in CRF after rehabilitation. METHODS: We included 155 HF patients receiving CR between October 2009 and January 2015. Patients performed an incremental bicycle test to assess CRF through peak oxygen uptake (VO2-peak) before and after CR-based supervised exercise training...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937577/trajectories-of-musculoskeletal-pain-from-adolescence-to-middle-age-the-role-of-early-depressive-symptoms-a-27-year-follow-up-of-the-northern-swedish-cohort
#2
Päivi Leino-Arjas, Kristiina Rajaleid, Gashaw Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Depression and musculoskeletal pain are associated, but long-term follow-up studies are rare. We aimed to examine the relationship of early depressive symptoms with developmental patterns of musculoskeletal pain from adolescence to middle age. Adolescents ending compulsory school (age 16) in Luleå, Northern Sweden, in 1981 (n = 1083) were studied and followed up in 1986, 1995, and 2008 (age 43) for musculoskeletal pain. Attrition was very low. Indicators for any and severe pain were based on pain in the neck-shoulders, low back, and the extremities...
September 19, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935919/split-dosing-of-artemisinins-does-not-improve-antimalarial-therapeutic-efficacy
#3
N J White, J Watson, E A Ashley
It has been suggested recently, based on pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modelling exercises, that twice daily dosing of artemisinins increases malaria parasite killing and so could "dramatically enhance and restore drug effectiveness" in artemisinin resistant P. falciparum malaria infections. It was recommended that split dosing should be incorporated into all artemisinin combination regimen designs. To explain why parasite clearance rates were not faster with split dose regimens it was concluded that splenic malaria parasite clearance capacity was readily exceeded, resulting in the accumulation of dead parasites in the circulation, that parasite clearance was therefore an unreliable measure of drug efficacy, and instead that human immunity is the primary determinant of clearance rates...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931377/the-rehabilitation-enhancing-aging-through-connected-health-reach-study-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#4
Meng Ni, Lorna G Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima, Jonathan F Bean
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. However, there is insufficient evidence identifying a healthcare model that targets prevention of mobility decline among older adults. The objective of this study is to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of a physical therapy program, augmented with mobile tele-health technology, on mobility function and healthcare utilization among older adults...
September 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929368/who-are-mobile-app-users-from-healthy-lifestyle-websites-analysis-of-patterns-of-app-use-and-user-characteristics
#5
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927741/associations-of-the-step-up-test-and-lower-limb-dysfunction-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Kiyoshi Kita, Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Yukihide Nishimura, Akihiko Kasuya, Tsuyoshi Asai
BACKGROUND: Step-up ability is considered to be associated with lower limb dysfunction. The objective of this research was to assess the height of the tallest step that could be mounted and to investigate its association with lower limb dysfunction. METHODS: We previously conducted a two-year follow-up prospective cohort study. The study subjects were 119 patients receiving physiotherapy or exercise therapy at an orthopedic surgery clinic. The items evaluated were step-up ability (maximum step height), the timed up and go test, one-leg standing time and the 5-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#7
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911124/assessment-of-quality-of-antiretroviral-therapy-services-in-india-2014-2015
#8
Bharat Bhushan Rewari, Reshu Agarwal, Ramesh Reddy Allam, Nalini Chava, A S Rathore
Background: Following a decade of provision of free antiretroviral therapy (ART) in India, a nationwide assessment of ART services was conducted to review quality of care at ART centers. This paper presents the methods and defines replicable model of undertaking large scale assessments. Methods: During the period January 2014-March 2015, 357 ART centers were reviewed under four domains, namely, operations, technical, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), and logistics...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900893/associations-of-neighborhood-environmental-attributes-with-walking-in-japan-moderating-effects-of-area-level-socioeconomic-status
#9
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama
Several studies have examined how the associations of built environment attributes with walking behaviors may be moderated by socioeconomic status (SES). Such understanding is important to address socioeconomic inequalities in health through urban design initiatives. However, to date, there is no study examining the moderation effects of SES in the relationships of environmental attributes and walking in non-Western countries. The current study aims to examine associations of environmental attributes with walking behaviors among Japanese adults, and to test whether these associations were moderated by area-level SES...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881545/-study-on-relationship-between-outdoor-activities-and-self-reported-myopia-among-middle-school-students
#10
L L Zhai, X Y Wu, S J Xu, Y H Wan, S C Zhang, L Xu, W Liu, S S Ma, H Zhang, F B Tao
Objective: To examine the relationship between the prevalence of self-reported myopia and outdoor activities among middle school students and to explore the influence factors of the self-reported myopia. Methods: A total of 12 979 participants were recruited from junior and senior middle school students in in Shenzhen, Nanchang, Zhengzhou and Shenyang by random cluster sampling method between December 2015 and March 2016. All participants completed an anonymous questionnaire to collect the information of demographic characteristics, self-reported myopia, outdoor activities, etc...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881541/-investigation-of-influencing-factors-associated-with-neck-shoulder-symptoms-among-middle-school-students-in-three-cities-in-china
#11
L Xu, Y H Wan, W Liu, S C Zhang, S S Ma, S J Xu, L L Zhai, H Zhang, X J Cao, F B Tao
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of neck-shoulder symptoms among middle school students, and to explore its influence factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 24 middle schools in Shenyang, Zhengzhou and Shenzhen by purposive sampling method. In each middle school, 3 to 4 classes were selected from each grade all the students in the selected class would be recruited to the survey to investigate the demographic characteristics, neck-shoulder symptoms, physical exercise time, academic stress, screen behavior, sedentary behavior and other information by questionnaire...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873220/patterns-and-predictors-of-frailty-transitions-in-older-men-the-osteoporotic-fractures-in-men-study
#12
Lauren R Pollack, Stephanie Litwack-Harrison, Peggy M Cawthon, Kristine Ensrud, Nancy E Lane, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Thuy-Tien Dam
OBJECTIVES: To describe the natural history of frailty transitions in a large cohort of community-dwelling older men and identify predictors associated with progression to or improvement from states of greater frailty. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Six U.S. sites. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling men aged 65 and older (N = 5,086). MEASUREMENTS: Frailty was measured at baseline and an average of 4...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834024/nonmedical-versus-medical-marijuana-use-among-three-age-groups-of-adults-associations-with-mental-and-physical-health-status
#13
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, Carl Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Given that 29 U.S. states now have laws allowing medical marijuana use, this study examined mental and physical health correlates of medical versus nonmedical marijuana use among three age groups of adults (18-29, 30-49, and 50+). METHODS: Data came from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N = 36,309 respondents aged 18+). Logistic regression models were used to examine age group differences in associations of substance use and mental disorders and health conditions with medical versus nonmedical marijuana use...
August 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804727/development-of-a-prediction-model-for-stress-fracture-during-an-intensive-physical-training-program-the-royal-marines-commandos
#14
Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Trish Davey, Kirsten M Leyland, Adrian J Allsopp, Susan A Lanham-New, Andrew Judge, Nigel K Arden, Joanne L Fallowfield
BACKGROUND: Stress fractures (SFs) are one of the more severe overuse injuries in military training, and therefore, knowledge of potential risk factors is needed to assist in developing mitigating strategies. PURPOSE: To develop a prediction model for risk of SF in Royal Marines (RM) recruits during an arduous military training program. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: RM recruits (N = 1082; age range, 16-33 years) who enrolled between September 2009 and July 2010 were prospectively followed through the 32-week RM training program...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#15
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789581/profiling-of-smokers-and-snuffers-among-young-finnish-men-cross-sectional-epidemiological-study
#16
Jari Päkkilä, Vuokko Anttonen, Pertti Patinen, Kai Nyman, Kirsi Valkeapää, Dowen Birkhed, Leo Tjäderhane, Tarja Tanner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to get new information from several sources about the background factors of Finnish smokers, snuffers, and dual users. Profiles of young smokers and snuffers were investigated in association with restorative treatment need, oral hygiene, eating habits, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), psychological and socioeconomic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 3420 conscripts. The data were collected from four different sources: a health examination including an oral health screening, a computer-based questionnaire for investigating individual background factors, a psychological test assessing cognitive skills, and the Cooper test...
August 8, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789574/correlates-of-social-support-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-among-young-adolescents
#17
Monique Gill, Alec M Chan-Golston, Lindsay N Rice, Sarah E Roth, Catherine M Crespi, Brian L Cole, Deborah Koniak-Griffin, Michael L Prelip
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of adolescents, particularly girls and minority youth, fail to meet daily physical activity (PA) recommendations. Social support contributes to adolescent PA, but studies examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results and rarely focus on diverse, urban populations. AIMS: This study examines the correlates of support for PA from family and friends and its relationship with PA outcomes among young adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 4,773 middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747022/patient-reported-outcomes-are-associated-with-physical-activity-level-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Annika Bay, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Camilla Sandberg, Gunnar Engström, Philip Moons, Bengt Johansson
BACKGROUND: In general, adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have impaired exercise capacity, and approximately 50% do not reach current recommendations on physical activity. Herein we analysed factors associated with physical activity level (PAL) in adults with CHD by using patient-reported outcomes (PRO). METHODS: Patients with CHD (n=471) were randomly selected from the national register on CHD and categorized according to complexity of lesions - simple (n=172, 39...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738059/predicting-diabetes-mellitus-using-smote-and-ensemble-machine-learning-approach-the-henry-ford-exercise-testing-fit-project
#20
Manal Alghamdi, Mouaz Al-Mallah, Steven Keteyian, Clinton Brawner, Jonathan Ehrman, Sherif Sakr
Machine learning is becoming a popular and important approach in the field of medical research. In this study, we investigate the relative performance of various machine learning methods such as Decision Tree, Naïve Bayes, Logistic Regression, Logistic Model Tree and Random Forests for predicting incident diabetes using medical records of cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition, we apply different techniques to uncover potential predictors of diabetes. This FIT project study used data of 32,555 patients who are free of any known coronary artery disease or heart failure who underwent clinician-referred exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems between 1991 and 2009 and had a complete 5-year follow-up...
2017: PloS One
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