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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135777/validity-of-using-inpatient-and-outpatient-administrative-codes-to-identify-acute-venous-thromboembolism-the-cvrn-vte-study
#1
Margaret C Fang, Dongjie Fan, Sue Hee Sung, Daniel M Witt, John R Schmelzer, Steven R Steinhubl, Steven H Yale, Alan S Go
BACKGROUND: Administrative data are frequently used to identify venous thromboembolism (VTE) for research and quality reporting. However, the validity of these codes, particularly in outpatients, has not been well-established. OBJECTIVE: To determine how well International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for VTE predict chart-confirmed acute VTE in inpatient and outpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 4642 adults with an incident ICD-9 diagnosis of VTE between years 2004 and 2010 from the Cardiovascular Research Network Venous Thromboembolism cohort study...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064935/recognizing-primary-effort-thrombosis-in-primary-care
#2
Mark E Archambault, Allison Chila, Lauren Lundin, Rachel Walker
Primary effort thrombosis is a noniatrogenic deep vein thrombosis of the upper extremity. The incidence of this condition is 1 to 2 in 100,000 per year. The risk factors and typical patient population differ from other thrombotic events. Patients with primary effort thrombosis are typically young, athletic, and lack comorbidities. Due to its low incidence and unique risk factors, primary effort thrombosis often is misdiagnosed as a musculoskeletal injury. However, early recognition, initial testing with Doppler ultrasound, and immediate referral to a vascular center is essential to achieve optimal outcomes...
November 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026346/treatment-with-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#3
Francisco Sánchez Montiel, Raein Ghazvinian, Anders Gottsäter, Johan Elf
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) constitutes around 10% of all DVT, and can cause both pulmonary embolism (PE) and postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) in the arm. The incidence of secondary UEDVT is increasing due to widespread use of central venous catheters in patients with cancer and other chronic diseases. The safety and efficacy of using new direct acting oral anti coagulants (DOAC) in the treatment of UEDVT has not been systematically evaluated. Our aims were to evaulate efficacy, safety, and risk of recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during DOAC treatment in UEDVT patients...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019812/venous-thromboembolism-after-adult-lung-transplantation-a-frequent-event-associated-with-lower-survival
#4
Manuel L Ribeiro Neto, Marie Budev, Daniel A Culver, C Randall Lane, Marcelo Gomes, Xiao-Feng Wang, Paulo Novis Rocha, Mitchell A Olman
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after lung transplantation (LTX) varies significantly across studies. Two studies have suggested that these thrombotic events are associated with a lower posttransplant survival. Herein, we sought to determine the incidence, predictors and impact of VTE on survival after LTX at a quaternary referral center. METHODS: This was a large cohort study of LTX recipients. Key outcome parameters were time to VTE after transplant and survival...
October 10, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974915/a-case-of-upper-left-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-with-right-side-middle-lobe-syndrome
#5
Sathish Babu, Tom Devasia, Yeshwanth Rao Karkal, Ashwini Mohapatra
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is an extremely important clinical entity with potential for considerable morbidity and mortality. A 64-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department with complaints of left upper limb and neck swelling for 4 days. Ultrasonography of the neck showed thrombosis of the left internal jugular and other surrounding veins associated with local lymphadenopathy. Computed tomography (CT) of the neck also showed a hypodense 0.6 cm × 0.8 cm × 1.2 cm lesion in the right middle lobe bronchus, causing complete occlusion and collapse of the right middle lobe of the lung...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933799/rivaroxaban-for-preventing-venous-thromboembolism-in-high-risk-ambulatory-patients-with-cancer-rationale-and-design-of-the-cassini-trial-rationale-and-design-of-the-cassini-trial
#6
Alok Khorana, Saroj Vadhan-Raj, Nicole M Kuderer, Ted Wun, Howard Liebman, Gerald Soff, Chandra Belani, Eileen M O'Reilly, Robert McBane, John Eikelboom, C V Damaraju, Karen Beyers, Flavia Dietrich, Ajay K Kakkar, Hanno Riess, Renata D'Alpino Peixoto, Gary H Lyman
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent complication of cancer associated with morbidity, mortality, increased hospitalizations and higher health care costs. Cancer patients at increased risk for VTE can be identified using a validated risk assessment score, and the incidence of VTE can be reduced in high-risk settings using anticoagulation. Rivaroxaban is a potent, oral, direct, factor Xa inhibitor approved for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic events, including VTE. CASSINI is a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, multicentre study comparing rivaroxaban with placebo in adult ambulatory patients with various cancers who are initiating systemic cancer therapy and are at high risk of VTE (Khorana score ≥ 2)...
September 21, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900890/high-level-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-critically-ill-trauma-patients-despite-early-and-well-driven-thromboprophylaxis-protocol
#7
S R Hamada, C Espina, T Guedj, R Buaron, A Harrois, S Figueiredo, J Duranteau
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common preventable causes of in-hospital death in trauma patients surviving their injuries. We assessed the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in critically ill trauma patients, in the setting of a mature and early mechanical and pharmacological thromboprophylaxis protocol. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study on a cohort of patients from a surgical intensive care unit of a university level 1 trauma centre...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877326/upper-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-after-elective-upper-extremity-surgery
#8
Kunal K Sindhu, Brian Cohen, Travis Blood, Joseph A Gil, Brett Owens
Historically, upper extremity deep venous thromboses (DVTs) have been rare; however, their incidence has increased as awareness has increased. Patients who develop upper extremity DVTs often have multiple comorbidities. However, in the past decade, studies have found a small risk of upper extremity DVTs associated with orthopedic procedures involving the upper extremity. The risk of complications following a DVT, including postthrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism, is substantially higher with a DVT of the upper extremity compared with a DVT of the lower extremity...
September 6, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863205/bruises-on-the-ears-and-body
#9
Diana M Sarmiento, Thomas F Northrup, Yu Wah
Over the course of a month, this 34-year-old woman had sought care at our facility--and another--on 3 separate occasions for painful bruises (visits #1 and #3) and deep vein thrombosis (visit #2). The bruises first appeared acutely on her arms, prompting her first visit to our ED and leading to a hospital stay. Several weeks later, the patient developed new bruise-like lesions on her earlobes, face, trunk, and lower extremities. In between these 2 visits, the patient was seen in another ED (and admitted) for right upper extremity DVT and was started on enoxaparin, followed by warfarin...
September 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857905/incidence-of-cannula-associated-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#10
Jay Menaker, Ali Tabatabai, Raymond Rector, Katelyn Dolly, Joseph Kufera, Eugenia Lee, Zachary Kon, Pablo Sanchez, Si Pham, Daniel L Herr, Michael Mazzeffi, Ronald P Rabinowitz, James V O'Connor, Deborah M Stein, Thomas M Scalea
Limited literature regarding the incidence of cannula-associated deep vein thrombosis (CaDVT) after veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) exists. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of post decannulation CaDVT and identify any associated risk factors. Forty-eight patients were admitted between August 2014 and January 2016 to the Lung Rescue Unit were included in the study. Protocolized anticoagulation levels (partial thromboplastin time [PTT] 45-55 seconds) and routine post decannulation DVT screening were in place during the study period...
September 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807744/primary-stenting-is-not-necessary-in-benign-central-venous-stenosis
#11
Lynsey E Rangel, Sean P Lyden, Daniel G Clair
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate central venous stenosis (CVS) etiologies and presentation within a vascular surgery practice. We evaluated endovascular treatment modalities and the patency rates of our interventions. METHODS: Five-year retrospective review of endovascular intervention for CVS. Patient demographics, medical comorbidities, and variables were collected including etiology, indwelling device, previous upper extremity (UE) deep venous thrombosis, long-term UE indwelling device (defined as >30 days), malignancy status, hypercoagulable disorders, history of radiation or mediastinal fibrosis or masses, and anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet therapy...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796444/the-michigan-risk-score-to-predict-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-associated-thrombosis
#12
V Chopra, S Kaatz, A Conlon, D Paje, P J Grant, M A M Rogers, S J Bernstein, S Saint, S A Flanders
Essentials How best to quantify thrombosis risk with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) is unknown. Data from a registry were used to develop the Michigan Risk Score (MRS) for PICC thrombosis. Five risk factors were associated with PICC thrombosis and used to develop a risk score. MRS was predictive of the risk of PICC thrombosis and can be useful in clinical practice. SUMMARY: Background Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are associated with upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726017/retrosternal-reconstruction-can-be-a-risk-factor-for-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-esophagectomy
#13
Takamasa Takahashi, Masahide Fukaya, Kazushi Miyata, Yayoi Sakatoku, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is a rare but important complication because it can cause pulmonary embolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of UEDVT after esophagectomy and the risk factors related to UEDVT. METHODS: This study included 88 patients who underwent esophagectomy with retrosternal or posterior mediastinal reconstruction using gastric tube. The incidence of UEDVT and the diameter of left brachiocephalic vein were measured using postoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT)...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674369/upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-complicating-apheresis-in-a-healthy-donor
#14
Yuichiro Haba, Hiroko Oshima, Toshio Naito, Kiyoshi Takasu, Fumihiko Ishimaru
Venous thrombus was recognized in the upper extremity of a 53-year-old man after blood donation. The patient presented with a 15-day history of swelling in the left upper-extremity that started 6 hours after apheresis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed clots in the deep veins of the left arm and the peripheral pulmonary artery. Blood donation had proceeded smoothly, and the patient had no thrombotic predisposition, except for a smoking habit. The thrombus resolved following anticoagulant therapy, and the patient' s clinical course was uncomplicated...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625266/-risk-factors-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-associated-with-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter-in-upper-extremity-in-icu
#15
Ning Zhao, Jiale Zhang, Ting Jiang, Xia Chen, Jianning Wang, Chengzhi Ding, Fen Liu, Kejian Qian, Rong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence and its risk factors of peripherally inserted central venous catheter related upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (PICC-UEDVT) in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Clinical data of the patients received PICCs in ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from August 2013 to August 2016 were retrospectively analysed. The inclusion criteria in the study included: the age > 18 years old, catheter indwelling time > 1 week and the complete relevant information...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604581/vascular-tos-creating-a-protocol-and-sticking-to-it
#16
REVIEW
Meena Archie, David Rigberg
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) describes a set of disorders that arise from compression of the neurovascular structures that exit the thorax and enter the upper extremity. This can present as one of three subtypes: neurogenic, venous, or arterial. The objective of this section is to outline our current practice at a single, high-volume institution for venous and arterial TOS. VTOS: Patients who present within two weeks of acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are treated with anticoagulation, venography, and thrombolysis...
June 10, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586697/the-diagnostic-management-of-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Noémie Kraaijpoel, Nick van Es, Ettore Porreca, Harry R Büller, Marcello Di Nisio
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) accounts for 4% to 10% of all cases of deep vein thrombosis. UEDVT may present with localized pain, erythema, and swelling of the arm, but may also be detected incidentally by diagnostic imaging tests performed for other reasons. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is crucial to prevent pulmonary embolism and long-term complications as the post-thrombotic syndrome of the arm. Unlike the diagnostic management of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities, which is well established, the work-up of patients with clinically suspected UEDVT remains uncertain with limited evidence from studies of small size and poor methodological quality...
June 1, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557900/controversies-in-venous-thromboembolism
#18
Suman Yadam, Anand Popuri, Yousef Hattab, Tariq Cheema
Numerous controversies exist in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism despite all the guidelines that are currently available. Screening of malignancy in venous thromboembolism has been a debated issue, as it has not been shown to change mortality. Calf vein thrombosis is also a controversial topic, but evidence points to risk stratifying those patients. Overdiagnosis, most notably from the finding of subsegmental pulmonary embolism, ultimately requires evaluating the risk and benefit for each patient. In addition, treatment of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is a challenging scenario that is quite common in clinical practice...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557894/deep-venous-thrombosis-of-the-upper-and-lower-extremity
#19
Yousef Hattab, Sarah Küng, Adebayo Fasanya, Kiet Ma, Anil C Singh, Tiffany DuMont
Upper and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is defined as a blood clot within the deep veins of the affected extremities. These blood clots can either occur spontaneously or be associated with specific risk factors. Regardless of the cause, DVT is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and has the potential for lethal complications. The most notable complication is the potential for development of pulmonary embolism from a lower extremity DVT. As studies have reported, more than 90% of acute pulmonary emboli arise from the proximal veins...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507633/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-upper-limb-in-a-weightlifter
#20
Montserrat Pérez Pinar, Regina Pastor Toledo, Luis Broseta Viana, Julián Solís García Del Pozo
AIM: We report an unusual case of a male weightlifter with upper extremity venous thrombosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Thrombosis affecting subclavian-axillo-humeral venous trunk produced by the compression of these veins by the trained muscles of the shoulder girdle (Paget-Schroetter syndrome) has been reported. During the study, a renal carcinoma was detected. Renal carcinoma has rarely been associated with thrombosis in the upper extremities. CONCLUSION: This case shows the importance of performing a complete study to rule out malignancies in patients with unusual venous thromboembolism...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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