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upper extremity dvt

Nick van Es, Suzanne Bleker, Marcello Di Nisio, Ankie Kleinjan, Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Giuseppe Camporese, Anita Aggarwal, Peter Verhamme, Marc Righini, Harry R Büller, Patrick M Bossuyt
BACKGROUND: Among patients with clinically suspected upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT), a clinical decision rule based on the Constans score combined with D-dimer testing can safely rule out the diagnosis without imaging in approximately one-fifth of patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of the original Constans score, an extended Constans score, and an age-adjusted D-dimer positivity threshold. METHODS: Data of 406 patients with suspected UEDVT previously enrolled in a multinational diagnostic management study were used...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Javier Corral, Geri Villanueva
We are reporting a case of a healthy 21-year-old male, with no significant past medical history, who was found to have an incidental nonocclusive deep vein thrombosis in the right internal jugular vein detected on a head MRI previously ordered for work-up of headaches. A follow-up upper extremity venous Doppler ultrasound confirmed the presence of a partially occlusive deep vein thrombosis in the right jugular vein. The case presented is unique for the reason that the patient is young and has no prior risk factor, personal or familial, for venous thrombosis except for associated polycythemia on clinical presentation...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Siavash Piran, Sam Schulman
INTRODUCTION: The true incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is unclear. There are limited data on the risk factors associated with VTE in patients with an acute SCI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of consecutive adult patients with acute SCI. The primary outcome was incidence of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) within 90days. Secondary outcomes were major bleeding, all-cause mortality, and fatal PE...
October 3, 2016: Thrombosis Research
M L Avila, L R Brandão, S Williams, M I Montoya, J Stinson, A Kiss, B M Feldman
BACKGROUND: Postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a complication of deep vein thrombosis defined by the presence of characteristic signs and symptoms. We developed a discriminative and evaluative index for the assessment of upper and lower extremity (UE/LE) pediatric PTS. METHODS: The items to be included in the index were voted for by 26 pediatric thrombosis experts invited to participate in a Delphi survey. Subsequent item weighting was based on item importance elicited using multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA); 122 health care providers and patients/parents participated in item weighting...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Ashwal Adamane Jayaram, Padmakumar Ramachandran, Tom Devasiya, Abdul Razak Uddina Kumeri, Umesh Pai
Innominate vein stenosis or thrombotic occlusion can occur in dialysis patients. Central vein stenosis is a common problem in patients on dialysis. Placement of a central vein catheter for dialysis access increases the risk of central vein stenosis. Central vein stenosis sometimes can jeopardize the arteriovenous fistula and arteriovenous graft in the ipsilateral extremity unless recognized early and treated. We describe three patients with left innominate vein stenosis who were known case of chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis and had a left brachio-cephalic fistula and presented with unilateral facial and upper limb oedema...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Evren Ozcinar, Nur Dikmen Yaman, Mehmet Cakici, Cagdas Baran, Mustafa B Inan, Serkan Durdu, Ahmet R Akar, Mustafa Sirlak
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis (UACDT) in the treatment of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational cohort study of consecutive patients with acute UEDVT with low-dose UACDT using the Ekosonic® Endovascular System, EKOS Corporation, Bothell, WA, USA at a single center from September 2012 until October 2014. Overall, sixteen patients(11 males and 6 females, age range 18 to 70 years, mean age, 45...
September 7, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Lucia C DeLisa, Craig P Hensley, Steven Jackson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS) is a rare condition of vein thrombosis that can be manifested in athletes and laborers who overuse their upper extremities. If diagnosed early, PSS can be managed and the symptoms can be fully reversed. Venous duplex ultrasound (US), the modality most commonly used to diagnose deep vein thrombosis (DVT), has high sensitivity and specificity for detecting DVT. This case report describes the differential diagnosis and management of PSS in a weight lifter...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
Lauren P Cote, Steven Greenberg, Joseph A Caprini, Alfonso Tafur, Chris Choi, Francisco J Muñoz, Andris Skride, Beatriz Valero, José Antonio Porras, Maurizio Ciammaichella, Luis Manuel Hernández-Blasco, Manuel Monreal
BACKGROUND: The outcome of patients with upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) has not been consistently compared with that in patients with lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT). METHODS: We used the Registro Informatizado de Enfermedad Trombo Embólica (RIETE) registry to compare the outcomes during the course of anticoagulant therapy in patients with UEDVT versus outcomes in patients with LEDVT. RESULTS: As of August 2015, 37,366 patients with acute DVT had been enrolled in RIETE: 35094 (94%) had LEDVT, 1334 (3...
August 29, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Lauren N Bell, Richard L Berg, John R Schmelzer, Hong Liang, Joseph J Mazza, Rajan Kanth, Christopher L Bray, Calixto B Zaldivar, Steven H Yale
Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) may be associated with complications such as venous thromboembolism (VTE) and recurrent SVT. The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors among patients with a first isolated episode of SVT (index SVT) involving upper and lower extremities and to estimate the prevalence of VTE complications within 1 year of index SVT. Retrospective chart review of electronic records at Marshfield Clinic in Wisconsin identified 381 subjects with a first isolated SVT diagnosis (male/female: 170/211; median age 59...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
J J Menéndez, C Verdú, B Calderón, A Gómez-Zamora, C Schüffelmann, J J de la Cruz, P de la Oliva
: Essentials Pediatric studies on peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related thrombosis are scarce. This study analyzes incidence and risk factors for PICC-related venous thrombosis in children. PICC-related thrombosis is a common, and nearly always, asymptomatic complication. Echo-guided insertion and a catheter to vein ratio < 0.33 may notably decrease this complication. SUMMARY: Background Upper-extremity venous thrombosis is associated with the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs)...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Mohammad Refaei, Bruna Fernandes, Joseph Brandwein, Marilyn Dawn Goodyear, Arun Pokhrel, Cynthia Wu
Central venous catheters are a leading cause of upper-extremity deep vein thrombosis. Concomitant severe thrombocytopenia makes anticoagulation for catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) a challenge. Incidence of CRT has been reported to be increased in those with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) vs. those with centrally inserted ones (CICC). Our objective is to compare the incidence rate of CRT in leukemia inpatients who received either a PICC vs. CICC. We retrospectively reviewed adult inpatients admitted to hematology wards with a new diagnosis of AL and who received either a PICC or a CICC...
August 20, 2016: Annals of Hematology
William R VanWye, Jase Pinerola, Karen Craig Ogle, Harvey W Wallmann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Screening for referral, regardless of setting, is the responsibility of all physical therapists. A serious condition that sports physical therapists may encounter is upper extremity (UE) deep venous thrombosis (DVT), which can result in the important and sometimes fatal complication of pulmonary embolism. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 22 year-old male right-hand dominant collegiate pitcher was referred for physical therapist evaluation and treatment secondary to acute right UE pain and swelling...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
James Yip, David A Bruno, Charlotte Burmeister, Marwan Kazimi, Atsushi Yoshida, Marwan S Abouljoud, Gabriel T Schnickel
UNLABELLED: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are surgical complications estimated to occur in 5% to 10% of patients. There are limited data regarding DVT/PE in the early postoperative period in liver transplant patients. The aim of this study is to determine risk factors that influence the incidence of DVT/PE and the effectiveness of prophylaxis. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 999 patients who underwent initial liver transplant between January 2000 and June 2012 at Henry Ford Hospital...
April 2016: Transplantation Direct
Mark Porteous, Jecko Thachil
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is a relatively rare condition which has thus far not attracted much interest in the literature. The differences in its aetiopathology, different diagnostic modalities and the current standard of care are discussed in this article.
August 2, 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Pablo Álvarez Vega, Sergio Cadenas Menéndez, Amparo Sánchez Serrano, José Luis Fernández Sánchez, María Josefa Martín Sánchez, Marco López Zubizarreta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
C E A Dronkers, F A Klok, M V Huisman
Several thrombus imaging techniques for the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are available. The most prevalent forms of VTE are deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities and pulmonary embolism. However, VTE may also occur at unusual sites such as deep veins of the upper extremity and the splanchnic and cerebral veins. Currently, the imaging techniques most widely used in clinical practice are compression ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography. Moreover, single-photon emission CT, CT venography, positron emission tomography, and different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, including magnetic resonance direct thrombus imaging, have been evaluated in clinical studies...
September 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
M L Avila, L R Brandão, S Williams, L C Ward, M I Montoya, J Stinson, A Kiss, I Lara-Corrales, B M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to conduct the item generation and piloting phases of a new discriminative and evaluative tool for pediatric post-thrombotic syndrome. METHODS: We followed a formative model for the development of the tool, focusing on the signs/symptoms (items) that define post-thrombotic syndrome. For item generation, pediatric thrombosis experts and subjects diagnosed with extremity post-thrombotic syndrome during childhood nominated items. In the piloting phase, items were cross-sectionally measured in children with limb deep vein thrombosis to examine item performance...
August 2016: Thrombosis Research
David Spirk, Drahomir Aujesky, Anna K Stuck, Jürg H Beer, Lucia Mazzolai, Thomas Baldi, Martin Banyai, Daniel Hayoz, Thomas Kaeslin, Wolfgang Korte, Robert Escher, Marc Husmann, Beat Frauchiger, Iris Baumgartner, Nils Kucher
Background The association between cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in producing adverse clinical outcomes requires further investigation. Methods In the Swiss Venous ThromboEmbolism Registry (SWIVTER), we compared adverse clinical outcomes between 493 patients with cancer-associated VTE and 1,569 VTE patients without cancer, and identified independent predictors of 90-day mortality. Results Among cancer patients, 351 (71%) had active disease at the time of VTE diagnosis and 232 (47%) had metastatic disease...
September 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Prajwal Dhakal, Krishna Gundabolu, Vijaya R Bhatt
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Factors such as the presence of transient risk factors for VTE, risk of bleeding, and location of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) determine the duration of anticoagulation. Extended anticoagulation is offered to patients with unprovoked pulmonary embolism (PE) or proximal DVT and a low risk of bleeding. Anticoagulation for 3 months is advised in patients with provoked DVT or PE, high risk of bleeding, and isolated distal or upper extremity DVT...
June 5, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Rebecca H Stone, Adam P Bress, Edith A Nutescu, Nancy L Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Upper-extremity deep-vein thrombosis (UEDVT) causes significant morbidity and mortality and is not well characterized in the existing literature, particularly in underrepresented minorities such as African Americans. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of a cohort of patients with UEDVT seen at an urban academic medical center. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study among patients with a confirmed UEDVT at the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System between 1996 and 2011...
August 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
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