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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331670/circulation-of-alphacoronavirus-betacoronavirus-and-paramyxovirus-in-hipposideros-bat-species-in-zimbabwe
#1
Mathieu Bourgarel, Davies M Pfukenyi, Vanina Boué, Loïc Talignani, Ngoni Chiweshe, Fodé Diop, Alexandre Caron, Gift Matope, Dorothée Missé, Florian Liégeois
Bats carry a great diversity of zoonotic viruses with a high-impact on human health and livestock. Since the emergence of new coronaviruses and paramyxoviruses in humans (e.g. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Nipah virus), numerous studies clearly established that bats can maintain some of these viruses. Improving our understanding on the role of bats in the epidemiology of the pathogens they harbour is necessary to prevent cross-species spill over along the wild/domestic/human gradient...
January 10, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330674/advances-in-serological-imaging-techniques-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#2
REVIEW
Ali Rostami, Panagiotis Karanis, Shirzad Fallahi
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is worldwide distributed zoonotic infection disease with medical importance in immunocompromised patients, pregnant women and congenitally infected newborns. Having basic information on the traditional and new developed methods is essential for general physicians and infectious disease specialists for choosing a suitable diagnostic approach for rapid and accurate diagnosis of the disease and, consequently, timely and effective treatment. METHODS: We conducted English literature searches in PubMed from 1989 to 2016 using relevant keywords and summarized the recent advances in diagnosis of toxoplasmosis...
January 12, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329982/gongylonema-pulchrum-infection-in-the-human-oral-cavity-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Liu Xiaodan, Wang Zhensheng, Han Ying, Liu Hongwei, Jin Jianqiu, Zhou Peiru, Su Sha, Yan Zhimin
Gongylonema infection is a zoonotic disease occurring throughout the world and is mainly caused by consumption of contaminated water and raw food. Adult Gongylonema worms can exist as parasites in the human body for up to 10 years and cause symptoms of local irritation in the oral cavity, esophagus, and pharynx. Herein, we report a rare case in which live Gongylonema pulchrum was detected and extracted from the oral cavity of a woman. The pathogen was confirmed as G. pulchrum on the basis of microscopic examination and morphologic analysis...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#4
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324360/evaluation-of-the-zoonotic-potential-of-multiple-subgroups-of-clade-2-3-4-4-influenza-a-h5n8-virus
#5
Yu-Na Lee, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Byung-Min Song, Gyeong-Beom Heo, Sang-Hee Woo, Sun-Ha Cheon, Youn-Jeong Lee
Clade 2.3.4.4 H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) have spread worldwide. Phylogenetic analysis identified two genetic groups of the H5N8 HPAIVs in South Korea; group A evolved further into four subgroups. Here, we examined the zoonotic potential, both in vivo and in vitro, of genetically distinct subgroups of H5N8 HPAIVs isolated in South Korea. When compared with other subgroups, A/mallard/Korea/H2102/2015 (H2102) virus caused relatively severe disease in mice at high doses. In ferrets, all H5N8 viruses replicated restrictively in the respiratory tract and did not induce significant clinical signs of influenza infection...
January 8, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322273/the-emerging-influenza-virus-threat-status-and-new-prospects-for-its-therapy-and-control
#6
REVIEW
Binod Kumar, Kumari Asha, Madhu Khanna, Larance Ronsard, Clement Adebajo Meseko, Melvin Sanicas
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are zoonotic pathogens that cause yearly outbreaks with high rates of morbidity and fatality. The virus continuously acquires point mutations while circulating in several hosts, ranging from aquatic birds to mammals, including humans. The wide range of hosts provides influenza A viruses greater chances of genetic re-assortment, leading to the emergence of zoonotic strains and occasional pandemics that have a severe impact on human life. Four major influenza pandemics have been reported to date, and health authorities worldwide have shown tremendous progress in efforts to control epidemics and pandemics...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322057/epidemiological-study-on-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-of-qom-province-central-iran
#7
Abedin Saghafipour, Hassan Vatandoost, Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramazani, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Moharram Karami Jooshin, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important health problems in many areas of Iran. There are two forms of the disease in Iran, anthroponotic and zoonotic CL. This study conducted to assess the epidemiological situation of CL in an endemic area of Qom Province, central Iran from Apr to Nov 2015. Methods: The sticky paper traps and aspirating tubes were used for collecting adult sand flies. Sherman traps and small insect nets were used to capture rodents and small mammals...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322056/field-evaluation-of-outdoor-ultra-low-volume-ulv-applications-against-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-in-al-rabta-north-west-of-libya
#8
Mostafa Ramahdan Dokhan, Mohamed Amin Kenawy, Taher Shaibi, Badereddin Bashir Annajar
Background: Al Rabta is a rural area in the North-West of Libya that represents an important focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ultra Low Volume (ULV) applications in controlling sand flies and its impact on leishmaniasis transmission in this area. Methods: Two neighboring villages were selected: Al Rabta West (RW) as cypermethrin treated village and Al Rabta East (RE) as check one. The ULV was evaluated through 3 spraying cycles during Apr, Jun and Sep 2013...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321921/farming-q-fever-and-public-health-agricultural-practices-and-beyond
#9
REVIEW
Marcella Mori, Hendrik-Jan Roest
Since the Neolithic period, humans have domesticated herbivores to have food readily at hand. The cohabitation with animals brought various advantages that drastically changed the human lifestyle but simultaneously led to the emergence of new epidemics. The majority of human pathogens known so far are zoonotic diseases and the development of both agricultural practices and human activities have provided new dynamics for transmission. This article provides a general overview of some factors that influence the epidemic potential of a zoonotic disease, Q fever...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321303/infection-and-replication-of-influenza-virus-at-the-ocular-surface
#10
Hannah M Creager, Amrita Kumar, Hui Zeng, Taronna R Maines, Terrence M Tumpey, Jessica A Belser
Though influenza viruses typically cause respiratory tract disease, some viruses, particularly those with an H7 hemagglutinin, have been isolated from the eyes of conjunctivitis cases. Previous work has shown that isolates of multiple subtypes from both ocular and respiratory infections are capable of replication in human ex vivo ocular tissues and corneal or conjunctival cell monolayers, leaving the determinants of ocular tropism unclear. Here, we evaluated the effect of several variables on tropism for ocular cells cultured in vitro and examined the potential effect of the tear film on viral infectivity...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318757/knowledge-gaps-and-research-priorities-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection
#11
W H M Van der Poel, H R Dalton, R Johne, N Pavio, M Bouwknegt, T Wu, N Cook, X J Meng
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), family Hepeviridae, is a main cause of epidemic hepatitis in developing countries and sporadic and cluster cases of hepatitis in industrialized countries. There are an increasing number of reported cases in humans especially in industrialized countries, and there is a high potential for transboundary spread of zoonotic genotypes of the virus through the transport of pigs, pig products and by-products. Bloodborne transmission of the virus has been reported with a significant medical concern...
January 10, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317940/elisa-serology-for-antibodies-against-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-crohn-s-disease
#12
Herbert J Van Kruiningen, Zeinab Helal, Ariane Leroyer, Antonio Garmendia, Corrine Gower-Rousseau
Background: Recently we reported IgA anti-Chlamydia antibodies in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), in particular in four patients from a single family of six with CD. Methods: We studied sera from four cohorts from the north of France. These were identified as: EPIMAD (80 pediatric onset CD and 20 pediatric onset ulcerative colitis), MINOTOR (148 adult onset sporadic CD and 50 adult onset ulcerative colitis), Grande Famillies (50) and matched controls for the Grande Famillies cohort (49)...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317886/new-record-of-brachylaima-sp-digenea-brachylaimidae-from-a-stray-dog-in-north-iran
#13
Iraj Mobedi, Mahdi Fakhar, Malik Irshadullah, Bahman Rahimi-Esboei, Shirzad Gholami, Natalia Fraija-Fernández
Background: Stray dogs are considered potential reservoirs for zoonotic diseases. Previous helminthic surveys in Iran, have accounted for mainly species of nematodes and cestodes, and rarely digeneans. Methods: We accessed 42 car-crashed stray dogs from the Farah Abad Region in the Mazandaran Province (North Iran) between Oct 2012 and Dec 2013, to be inspected for parasites. Helminths were collected from the intestine and they were morphologically studied. Results: We found five adult digeneans from the family Brachylaimidae, identified as Brachylaima sp...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317882/helminth-infections-of-rodents-and-their-zoonotic-importance-in-boyer-ahmad-district-southwestern-iran
#14
Mohammad Javad Ranjbar, Bahador Sarkari, Gholam Reza Mowlavi, Zeinab Seifollahi, Abdolali Moshfe, Samaneh Abdolahi Khabisi, Iraj Mobedi
Background: Rodents are considered as reservoirs of various zoonotic diseases including helminthic infections. The current study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of helminth infections in rodents, in Boyer-Ahmad district, Southwestern Iran. Methods: Overall, 52 rodents were captured from various areas of the district by Sherman live traps. The animals were then euthanized and dissected. During necropsy, each organ was examined macroscopically for presence of any cyst or visible parasite...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317873/construction-and-identification-of-a-recombinant-plasmid-encoding-echinococcus-granulosus-oncosphere-antigen-eg95
#15
Nahideh Mazaheri, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Majid Pirestani, Farnoosh Jameie, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohamad Bagher Rokni
Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE), as a zoonotic disease cause to health threat and economic losses. Despite implemented control programs, few countries have been able to decrease or eliminate this infection. Vaccination of the intermediate host offers an additional strategy to control the parasite transmission and EG95 antigen is considered more than the others in the vaccine issue. According to the high protection induced by the EG95 recombinant vaccine, this study was designed to construct recombinant plasmid formulation of EG95 antigen...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317800/leishmaniasis-in-humans-drug-or-vaccine-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Masoud Ghorbani, Ramin Farhoudi
Leishmania is an obligate intracellular pathogen that invades phagocytic host cells. Approximately 30 different species of Phlebotomine sand flies can transmit this parasite either anthroponotically or zoonotically through their bites. Leishmaniasis affects poor people living around the Mediterranean Basin, East Africa, the Americas, and Southeast Asia. Affected regions are often remote and unstable, with limited resources for treating this disease. Leishmaniasis has been reported as one of the most dangerous neglected tropical diseases, second only to malaria in parasitic causes of death...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316972/genomic-comparisons-of-streptococcus-suis-serotype-9-strains-recovered-from-diseased-pigs-in-spain-and-canada
#17
Han Zheng, Pengchen Du, Xiaotong Qiu, Anusak Kerdsin, David Roy, Xuemei Bai, Jianguo Xu, Ana I Vela, Marcelo Gottschalk
Streptococcus suis is one of the most important bacterial pathogens in the porcine industry and also a zoonotic agent. Serotype 9 is becoming one of the most prevalent serotypes within the S. suis population in certain European countries. In the present study, serotype 9 strains isolated from a country where infection due to this serotype is endemic (Spain), were compared to those recovered from Canada, where this serotype is rarely isolated from diseased pigs. For comparison purposes, strains from Brazil and the only strain isolated from a human case, in Thailand, were also incorporated...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316967/ecological-distribution-and-population-dynamics-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-mosquito-vectors-diptera-culicidae-in-senegal
#18
Biram Biteye, Assane G Fall, Mamadou Ciss, Momar T Seck, Andrea Apolloni, Moussa Fall, Annelise Tran, Geoffrey Gimonneau
BACKGROUND: Many zoonotic infectious diseases have emerged and re-emerged over the last two decades. There has been a significant increase in vector-borne diseases due to climate variations that lead to environmental changes favoring the development and adaptation of vectors. This study was carried out to improve knowledge of the ecology of mosquito vectors involved in the transmission of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in Senegal. METHODS: An entomological survey was conducted in three Senegalese agro-systems, Senegal River Delta (SRD), Senegal River Valley (SRV) and Ferlo, during the rainy season (July to November) of 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314480/preliminary-assessment-of-the-computer-based-taenia-solium-educational-program-the-vicious-worm-on-knowledge-uptake-in-primary-school-students-in-rural-areas-in-eastern-zambia
#19
Emma C Hobbs, Kabemba Evans Mwape, Inge Van Damme, Dirk Berkvens, Gideon Zulu, Moses Mambwe, Mwelwa Chembensofu, Isaac Khozozo Phiri, Maxwell Masuku, Emmanuel Bottieau, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Niko Speybroeck, Angela Colston, Pierre Dorny, Arve Lee Willingham, Sarah Gabriël
OBJECTIVE: The zoonotic helminth Taenia solium is endemic in Zambia, causing human (taeniasis and (neuro)cysticercosis) and pig (porcine cysticercosis) diseases with high health, social and economic burdens. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a health educational program intended to lead to powerful and cumulative improvements in knowledge, attitudes and practices that decrease parasite transmission and disease occurrence. METHODS: Half-day health education workshops were conducted in three primary schools in the highly endemic Eastern Province of Zambia, using the computer-based T...
January 4, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313244/meningoencephaloradiculitis-following-infection-with-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Stephanie Du Four, Rembert Mertens, Wietse Wiels, Jacques De Keyser, Veronique Bissay, Anja Flamez
Tick borne encephalitis (TBE) is an infectious zoonotic disease caused by an RNA virus that is endemic to Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and large parts of Asia. The tick borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is transmitted through the saliva of infected ticks and infected goat milk. In the vast majority of cases, an infection with TBEV has a subclinical course. However, in some cases, it leads to neurological symptoms due to meningitis, meningoencephalitis, meningoencephalomyelitis, or meningoencephaloradiculitis...
January 8, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
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